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tv   Journal  PBS  June 2, 2011 6:30pm-7:00pm PDT

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>> you are watching "the journal." here are the headlines this hour. entirely new and super toxic. health officials say the e coli outbreak is from a deadly strain of never seen before. protests in syria against the ongoing crackdown and the alleged torture and killing of a 13-year-old boy. a german soldier is killed in an attack in afghanistan. the telamon has claimed responsibility. -- the taliban has claimed responsibility. captioned by the
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national captioning institute >> this is something we have never seen before. the who says the e coli outbreak in europe comes from eight new strain of the bacteria. it is super toxic and resistant to antibiotics. more than 1500 people in germany are affected and there are new cases reported in britain. officials continued to warn people not to eat certain raw vegetables. >> scientists say the current e coli outbreak is caused by a new strain of bacteria which has not been detected in an outbreak before. they have found its surface mirrors and known pathogen, but it carries genes from another, which may explain why it is so violent. the findings were presented by researchers from china and germany. >> we haveeen able to determine this is a new strain, a version of a pathogen not seen before. this means we will be able to
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arrive at more conclusions in the future. >> scientists are working around the clock to find out more. until then, german health authorities continue to warn against eating cucumbers, lettuce, and tomatoes. they are possible carriers of the bacteria. >> we still have no information about the delivery routes of the bacteria or their origin, or which processing methods or packaging are responsible for the contamination. >> while uncertainty lingers, german consumers remain wary. every second person is avoiding eating produce. >> i am joined by our correspondent. would you say there is a sense of panic right now? we have more people being affected, more people dying. we still do not know where this is coming from. >> there is deep concern in german society about this. i would not describe the mood as
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panicked. i think people are being cautious. people are careful of what they are eating. they are washing their hands more frequently, as they have been told to do. the mood could change rapidly if the number of deaths increases exponentially. >> it is particularly disconcerting because german health authorities admit they do not have any idea. they have not made any headway in finding out where this outbreak began. >> it is very difficult in this caseor wh e. col to find the source. there was a case a few years ago in america. one still does not know the source of that. the problem is it can be transferred from person to person. that means the mutation could have taken place within a person. that would mean vegetables and animals are not part of the problem at all. it is like looking for a needle in a haystack. >> berlin originally blamed
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spanish cucumbers for the outbreak. now it says the cucumbers are not at fault. madrid has threatened legal action against the german government for this. do you see this escalating? >> i do not. it is tough on spanish farmers. they will probably get compensation from the e.u.. but the health authorities told the german government initially they thought this was a possible source. of course the government warned people to be careful. if they had not done so and the cucumbers had turned out to be the source, people would be screaming for the minister to resign. >> hindsight is always 20/20, isn't it? in afghanistan, the taliban says it is behind an attack that claimed the life of one german soldier on thursday. it happened in baghlan province. five soldiers were injured. it comes less than a week after an attack which killed two of
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german soldiers and an afghan police chief. >> patrols are particularly dangerous in this area, but the german army has increased their frequency in a bid to drive out taliban militants. they are trying to protect a key strategic group. the taliban have responded by detonating bombs along the road. the latest incident targeted german soldiers in a tank. the attack took place not far from kunduz, the site of an important german base. one soldier died. one of the wounded is in critical condition. the german defense minister said he was shocked but remained committed to the mission. >> we will not b terr fro cayingut our operation and fulfilling our mission. we are seeking to promote security and development, not terror and repression. >> last saturday, the taliban
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attack the provincial governor's compound. six people were killed, including two german soldiers. the taliban have also stepped up attacks in pakistan. wednesday, hundreds of militants attacked a security checkpoint at a boer town. th clashes are continuing. dozens of people have been killed. despite the attacks, germany says it will not alter its strategy in afghanistan. they are hoping to train afghan authorities to take on responsibility for security by 2014. >> up to 270 people are missing in the mediterranean after a boat carrying migrants to europe capsized near tunisia. the tunisian coast guard rescued 570 people but said many went missing in a stampede to get off the boat. the overcrowded vessel was carrying africans and some agents to italy from libya.
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thousands of people are fleeing unrest in north africa. they have headed especially to the italian island of lampedusa. we will have more on the plight of refugees coming up later in the show. in yemen, thousands are fleeing the capital as clashes between troops loyal to the president and diident tribesme ntin. residents described them as the worst so far. 60 people have been killed in the last two days. many left in the city are protesting shortages of food, fuel, and water. prices for most goods have risen sharply. there are frequent power cuts. the shops have closed. the situation in syria is getting so severe that the top people at the u.n. charged with preventing genocide are voicing
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concer they point to police and military attacks on unarmed civilians, mass detention, and reports of people disappearing. human-rights groups estimate 10,000 people have been taken by force since protests began in march. we have this report on the fate of one of those detainees. >> these young women are said to be protesters in the city of homs. they are carrying banners demanding an end to the killings, and a picture of a young syrian boy. footage from the internet's -- purports to show -- footage from the internet purports to show his violent and after protesting. state tv showewehis father praising the president. they said the boy's body was handed over to his parents weeks after he died. a u.n. spokesman pledged to find
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out what had been done. >> we have been deeply med and ashad abt what hapned t that boy. i have no idea why anybody would brutalize a young boy like that. >> but the name is one among many. detentions are widespread, like here in the central town. activists say 200 pro-democracy protesters were arrested in recent days and dozens have alrerey died there and elsewhere in syria this week. >> he is known as europe's top banker. today,ean-claude trict was awarded one of the continent's most prestigious prizes, the charlemagne prize, given for efforts to improve the european unity. the audience listened closely to hear what he had to say about efforts to stop the eurozone debt crisis.
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>> although this was a celebration, frustration about the debt crisis in greece was an overriding theme of the event. for jean-claude trichet and other policykerscreating stability for the common currency was of prime importance. >> we are standing at a crossroads and must strengthen european values. thth is easy when the sea is calm. when it gets stormy, we have to prove what we are capable of. >> the jury said it was honoring jean-claude trichet for his efforts to stabilize the euro and the european currency union. but in his acceptance speech, the head of the european central bank talked about the difficulty of handling the debt crisis without being able to impose solutions on indebted governments. >> you have to stop individual countries from enacting policies that hurt themselves and the entire eurozone.
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>> jean-claude trichet is calling for the establishment of a central finance ministry to coordinate economic policies in the eurozone. national leaders are unlikely to agree. >> gree isrying to solve its debt problem by privatizing part of its industry. >> a german company is very interested. deutsche telekom is buying an additional 10% stake in a greek telephone operator. the telecommunications giant alady has a 30% share and has to buy the next state in your -- under a deal with the finance ministry. athehe wants to get rid of its tireolding in athens and# elsewhere, thousands of greeks continue to demonstrate against austerity
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measures. there is a 24 hour strike to protest the deal with deutsche telekom. >> they are trying to prevent the privatization of their company. the asset sell-off is intended to reduce greases massive debt. but employees contend it is nothing. >> you cannot sell an organization that has been built by greek citizens and is an asset of the greek people. ote is the property of the people. all of greece is being sold off. >> the prime minister is pressing ahead with his unprecedented privatization program. on friday, the government is expected to reveal a 6.4 billion euro package aimed at unlocking further international aid. a troika are currently assessing whether these measures go far enough.
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the report on friday will determine whether greece gets the next tranche of its bailout. >> russian has extended a ban on fresh vegetables to cover the whole e.u., said in brussels is not providing sufficient information about the eu -- the e. coli outbreak. russia accounts for a quarter of e.u. vegetable exports. >> cucumbers are a key ingredient in russian cuisine. this stand sells two domestic types and one from turkey. you will not find any from the netherlands. russia has imposed an immediate ban on raw fruits and vegetables from the eu. >> it is a serious concern. every country in the world would protect its markets so it does not received such gifts. >> the e coli outbreak is dominating the headlines. a senior official criticized
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europe for failing to control it. the european commission protests the import ban and demanded an explation from moscow. >> it is hard to tell what would have been the reasons behind it. what are the reasons of the russian authorities? from our point of view, we think this measure is disproportionate. >> russia has even been checking travellers from the you for suspicious symptoms of the deadly e. coli strain. >> insecurity surrounding gris sent stocks south today -- surrounding greece sent stocks of today. >> there is bad economic data out of the united states. moody's has downgraded greece,
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and analysts are saying there is a 50% likelihood of great debt restructuring. -- greek debt restructuring. protesters are still in denial. the euro is nevertheless very strong, almost hitting $1.45. >> another disappointing day for a lot of european investors. let's take a closer look at germany's dax, 2% lower. across the atlantic, the dow slipped 0.3%. the euro is trading at $1.4494. new york prosecutors have issued a subpoena to goldman sachs. they are seeking information on the bank's role in the collapse of the u.s. housing market. a u.s. senate subcommittee
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report says goldman unmolded much of its of prime mortgage exposure to unsuspecting clients in 2006 and 2007. the clients suffered huge losses and goldman profited. >> think you very much. italy is marking the 150th anniversary of the country's unifition with celebrations around the country and a parade in rome. thousands of soldiers marched through the center of the city near the colosseum. among the guests were the afghan president and the u.s. vice-president, they're in sunglasses. armed forces from other countries also took part. >> an italian has made it to the finals of the french open. 7she wiompe against li na on saturday, the first chinese
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player to reach a french open final after beating maria sharp ova -- sharapova.
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>> a tragic story repeated over and over again since the political upheaval began in north africa. people fleeing violence, trying to get to europe, but never making it. this thursday, 200 refugees are feared drowned afterheir bo n into trole in the mediterranean. there are similar tragedies almost every day. we focused on one such incident, when a boat carrying 63 migrants set off from libya. the engine broke down and most on board died of hunger or heat exhaustion. only nine were still alive when their vessel drifted back to the north african coast. this is their story. >> when the tiny island of
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lampedusa comes into view, refugees have almost reached safety. but many do not make it this far, like 72 that left libya on march 25. the mediterranean claimed 63 of those people because no one came to their aid. we found some of the nine survivors at the u.n. refugee camp in tunisia. they were adrift for two weeks before wind and currents deposited them back on the north african coast. they are ethiopians who worked in libya. when the fighting broke out, they tried their work on the -- there look on the boat. but they were ill-prepared. >> we started to go hungry, baked by the sun.
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[unintelligible] >> using a satellite phone, thee migrants managed to reach a roman catholic pull -- priest in rome. he also comes from ethiopia and has devoted himself to helping compatriots in distress. he contacted nato in naples, where operations in libya are coordinated. >> i hope that with its many ships in the mediterranean at nato would take up the matter. they could send a helicopter. >> the people on the boat hoped they would be rescued. they were still far from lampedus and their fuel was almost gone. elation. they were spotted. >> they said, "we can help you." the helicopter was close to us.
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>> we showed then the babies on board. and the empty water containers. but the only photograph us and flew away. -- they only photographed us and flew away. >> we want to go to them, but could not reach them. >> and nato was notified. it monitors the region from the air, and is not to have spotted the boat. >> nato maritime commama in naples has looked into alalthe information available concerning this incident and other incidents concerning migrants in the area. they concluded that no nato vessel was involved in any way in this incident.
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>> if that is true, whose helicopter and ship did the migrants see? this is another boat crowded with migrants. an italian customs patrol boat came to the vessel's assistance. it operates in cooperation with the eu border control authority. elias and his companions were t as lucky as these people. perhaps they did not get close enough to the italian island. la guardia does not feel responsible for vessels earlier -- further off the coast. >> if they had been in our zone of operations, we would have rescued them. outside of that, we can do nothing. >> the boat with 72 people on board drifted helplessly.
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>> [unintelligible] i cannot swim. i could not help. we were dying together. >> miriam and her companions watched them die one after the other, including the infants. their bodies were thrown overboard. >> i drank seawater. i was expecting to die. >> this is how merriam looked when she finally reached shore.
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another survivor took a picture of her. since then, she has been asking why didn't anybody help them, even after they were seen. on lampedusa, a delegation is investigating the matter. the object are the border patrol, the italian coast guard, the french navy, and nato, which knows best of all what goes on on the libyan coast. >> people watched them die. i think that is outrageous. it must be cleared up and the guilty must be punished. >> if nato only intervened for humanitarian reasons -- it would be odd if they intervened to save the people of been gauzy -- benghazi but it ignored the humanitarian needs of people adrift at sea. >> they do not want to stay in
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this camp in the tunisian desert. they worked in libya until the civil war. now they see europe as the only place where they can live in dignity. >> i will get into another boat. either i will die or make it to europe. >> we will risk another journey. it could be we will die at sea. but that is the solution. >> so far, no country has said it is willing to take on the survivors. >> there are others who make it across to europe safely, hoping for a better life. but they are sometimes disappointed. we met two young to nationsnsho are struggling to find work in france. >> the french refugee aid organization works with hundreds of two nations -- tunisians. after landing, they made their way to france to find work, with
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little success. >> i brought all my documents. i have been here for three months and only have gotten two days of work. you cannot live here without money. if things don't get better soon, i will have to go back home. >> political reforms have started to show results in tunisia. that is something the refugees had not expected. they expected things to get worse. >> when we arrived in italy, we were accused of running away from the revolution, of betraying the revolution. but we had planned to leave long before that and were worried the security situation would only get worse. >> for the time being, they are getting free lodging at this hotel. but they do not know when or whether they will get permits to
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stay and work in france. >> fleeing to europe, a desperate journey. that has been the focus of our in-depth report.
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which foot was it? best make that "best wishes." we don't want them getng their hopes up, do we? no, i suppose not. have always done it. why should she watch the flowers? nobody really remembers,
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