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tv   Newsline  PBS  September 16, 2013 5:00pm-5:31pm PDT

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hello and welcome to nhk "newsline." it's tuesday, september 17th. i'm catherine kobayashi in tokyo. the united nations inspectors handed in a long-awaited report on the use of chemical weapons in syria and found what they called clear and convincing evidence that such
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weapons were used to attack civilians. secretary-general ban ki-moon says the report makes for chilling reading. >> chemical weapons were used on a relatively larger scale. this was a grave crime. and those responsible must be brought to justice as soon as possible. >> syrian opposition leaders say last month, government forces used poison gas to attack their neighborhoods in the suburbs of damascus. hundreds of people were killed. the investigators interviewed survivors, they collected blood and urine samples, and they checked the soil for chemicals. they reported that almost all samples tested positive for the nerve gas sarin. they concluded that surface-to-surface rockets were used in the attack. they did not say which side used them. but u.s., british and french envoys say the report left no doubt that the government of syrian president bashar al assad
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was responsible. u.s. and officials brokered a deal to avoid military strikes on syria. syrian officials will be required to disclose their chemical weapons within a week and then eliminate them by the middle of next year. western leaders are keeping the pressure on assad. they want to bhak sure they follows through on his promises. u.s. secretary of state john kerry, british foreign minister william hague, and french foreign minister abuse met in paris. they discussed the russian-u.s. plan for disposing of syria's chemical weapons. >> if assad fails to comply with the terms of this framework, make no mistake, we are all agreed, and that includes russia, that there will be consequences. >> kerry said they will push for a resolution from the u.n. security council. they want authorization to carry out punitive measures if assad
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doesn't comply. assad needs to embrace a political solution, to make that happen he said the french and their allies will do more to support the syrian opposition. a japanese minister has spoken about fukushima to the international atomic energy agency and pledged strong leadership at the damaged plant to deal with the leakage of radioactive water. science and technology minister spoke on monday at the annual iaea general conference. >> the government of japan has decided to assume a proactive role to achieve a fundamental settlement of this issue. >> yamamoto said the toxic water is not pot luting the sea beyond a short distance beyond the plant's pors. and he said japan's food and drinking water are safe. about 200 people later attended an explanatory session by japanese nuclear regulators and
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energy officials. >> it was a good detailed meeting but it did not focus on the fundamental questions of responsibilities and the government role versus tepco's role. >> i think the government has realized that they haven't done a good job expressing that and they need to do a lot better. >> japanese leaders are hoping to dispel international concerns with a transparent approach over fukushima. the japanese are also working on their neighbors. a senior fisheries official has asked his south korean counterparts to lift a ban imposed last week on imports of japanese fish, and other seafood. kim je of the japan fisheries agency traveled to south korea to make his case. he told them they were overreacting, and without sufficient scientific evidence.
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officials in seoul have also said they will impose restrictions on imports from all over japan if they find any radioactive traces. >> translator: japan has some of the strict test food safety standards in the world. our products have never fallen short of them. we cannot understand this ban from south korea. >> they agreed continued talks with the help of experts. time for the latest in business news. investors on wall street took stocks higher. they're happy about a key candidate dropping out of the race to be the next fed chief. we're joined now from the business desk with more on that. tell us what's happening here. >> well, catherine, lawrence summers, he is not a fan of the current round of quantitative easing. whereas many investors are. that's why they cheered his exit from the race. and in fact, the dow jones industrial average rallied on
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monday, soaring more than 170 points at one stage. orders surged after secretary summers withdrew from the running to be the next fed chief. the new york benchmark index ended the day at 15,494, up 3/4 of a percent from friday's close. the decision by summers raised expectations the central bank will continue its monetary easing for some time. summers was considered the front-runner to succeed ben bernanke as fed chairman. he's known for being downbeat on the effects of the credit easing measures currently in place. well, to see how this news may be affecting the japanese market, we cross over to the tokyo stock exchange. ramin, how are stocks looking following a long weekend in japan? >> thank you very much. yes, monday was a public holiday in japan. this is the first trading day of the week, this tuesday.
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let's look at the opening levels, for the nikkei and topix. mainly in the positive. slight gains there. we'll see if that continues. the nikkei is may actually meet a little bit of hesitation as markets are really looking forward to the u.s. policy reserve board meeting. we're also seeing the dollar fall a touch, which may weigh on exporters. last week the nikkei ended in the positive, largely on the back of the gains following tokyo winning its bid for the 2020 olympics. which boosted infrastructure shares here. however, we did come for a little bit of profit-taking in those shares, and the strong yen weighed a little bit on blue chip exporters toward the end of the week. regarding summers, observers said he was expected to face stiff resistance from the senate committee. and even some democrats voiced some strong opposition to
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summers, for fear of some disruption to the current quantitative easing policy measures, which you just touched on there. vice fed chair janet yellen, as well as her predecessor donald caan may also be in the running. we'll see how that pans out. that will really replace those -- those two may replace bernanke whose complete term will end in january. so big focus there for the next fed chief. concerns surrounding syria have dissipated somewhat. of course, as we've also seen in the main news piece there, u.s. and russia agreeing on a framework for eliminating all chemical weapons in syria. so investors around the world really going to be focusing on the fed meeting, the two-day meeting coming up, and as such, we may see a little bit of range trading for the nikkei, up until that point. also some range trading in the dollar/yen as well. >> ramin, so the dollar, that fell below 98 yen following the
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news about summers. but where do we stand now, as stocks kick off the week here in tokyo this tuesday? >> of course, that's going to be a big focus. as you said there, it did fall below 99. it was at the 98 yen lels. but it's come back now. fed policy meeting is going to be a key. investors want to know any timetable for the fed's scaling back its bond buying program. euro/yen coming back as well. 132.13 to 19. investors may also be watching out for the september figures of the indicator of economic business activity in germany later on. back to you. >> ramin, thanks a lot for that update, from the tokyo stock exchange. u.s. president barack obama is calling on republicans to put politics aside for the sake of the economy. he says they could send the country into another tail spin if they continue blocking his budget in congress. >> if congress is serious about wanting to grow the economy
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faster and creating jobs faster, the first order of business must be to pass a sensible budget. >> obama says political bickering by republicans is threatening the fiscal 2014 budget to start october 1st. he says their unwillingness to compromise is putting the economy at risk and could even trigger a government shutdown. the president was speaking to mark the five-year anniversary of the collapse of lehman brothers. he says he's created 7.5 million new jobs as part of his efforts to put the economy on the path to recovery. but he says many challenges remain, and that he wants to focus on supporting the middle class. now, here's a quick look at our global economic calendar. the u.s. consumer price index for august is due out on tuesday. in july, the cpi edged up 0.#% from the previous month. now, the closely watched policy
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meeting of the u.s. federal reserve will start on the same day. the fed may decide to scale back its massive bond buying program during the two-day meeting. fed chairman ben bernanke will hold a news conference on wednesday to announce the outcome. in japan, trade data for august will be released on friday. and a record deficit for the month totaling about $10 billion. over in europe, germany will hold a general election on sunday. that's the latest in business news. it's back to catherine now. >> thanks very much. severe tropical storm man-yi passed over japan on monday leaving a trail of widespread destruction. residents were left facing power outages and land slides. three people were reported killed, and six missing. more than 130 others are injured. two women were killed when land slides destroyed their homes. and a 63-year-old man died after strong winds knocked him off a
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ladder. in fukushima prefecture, four men were swept away by a river. one of them is still missing. man-yi passed over honshu island and headed up japan's east coast. people saw their river break its banks flooding streets, houses and farmland. meteorologists have reclassified man-yi as a low-pressure system. officials remain on the alert for further land slides. weather officials had a warning system in place when the storm hit and they may have helped save thousands of people. nhk world's mitta reports. >> reporter: kyoto residents saw an iconic landmark vanish on monday. the river submerged the area.
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>> reporter: at dawn, there was already 180 millimeters of rainfall. they never had that much in the whole of september. at 5:05 a.m., meteorological agency officials sent out their warning. kyoto city residents acted on the warning 45 minutes later. they advised more than 45,000 people living along the katsumi river to evacuate. at 9:30 a.m., some 268,000 residents were told to get moving. that's one in every five
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citizens. the city's disaster chief faced difficult decisions under pressure. >> translator: we haven't experienced flooding this bad for some time. we hope to learn from this experience so we can be better prepared for next time. >> translator: we would like to review our warning system by interviewing local municipalities and residents. >> reporter: the people of kyoto have suffered the worst flood in decades. but not a single person was lost. weather officials are hoping they can keep their new system on hand for another rainy day. nhk world. employees from north and south korea are back at work at a jointly run complex, after it
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was shut down for five months. nearly 1,000 workers crossed the border from the south, then reported for duty at the kaesong industrial zone. a anna jung reports. >> reporter: truckrder. the gateway to the kaesong complex just behind me is about an hour's drive north of seoul. we've seen some going in and out. they seem to be getting back to normal but this barricade remains in place in case of an emergency. south korea's unification hat l industrial complex of kaesong.k ministry says about 820 workers crossed the border into kaesong on monday. about half of them will remain there. >> translator: things were tough because we've had no work over the past five months. i hope the reopening of the industrial complex will improve my company's situation.
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>> reporter: more than 100 south korean companies were operating at kaesong in february and employed about 60,000 workers mainly from the northern side of the border. they produced around $470 million worth of goods in 2012. but north korea abruptly withdrew its workers in april amid rising tensions with seoul. north korea relaxed its stance over the summer leading to a basic agreement in august to reopen the site. south korean workers say they can feel a difference in the way they interact with their colleagues from the north. >> translator: they've completely changed their attitude. they are very eager to work and they welcomed us warmly. >> reporter: many people in south korea hope the resumption of joint operations at the site will lead to better relations between seoul and pyongyang.
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anna jung, nhk world, south korea. relatives of japanese people adopted by north korean asians show they vice president given up, staging a rally calling for action before it's too late. prime minister shinzo abe attended event on monday in tokyo. it's close to the anniversary of a milestone in their struggle. north korean leader kim jung il acknowledged the abductions in a summit in 2002. shinzo abe attended as a top aide to then prime minister koizumi. they negotiated the re lesion of five abductees. this woman's daughter was taken in 1977. >> translator: these past 35 years a heavy burden. but i never give up until we get
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back my daughter and the others. >> translator: our mission will never be complete until all families are reunited. i'll apply all necessary pressure to resolve this issue. >> 12 other citizens are officially recognized as abducted, and their relatives are making sure they won't be forgotten. ceramic artists in iran have been relearning the techniques that were once lost to history. they've been studying how to make shimmering persian lusterware. their teacher is from one of the great pottery families. >> reporter: this vase is from around the third century.
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it incorporates silver and copper, but no gold. it's from royalty and said to be the pinnacle of ceramic art. the museum held an exhibition. >> translator: all the work was wonderful. each piece had depth and character. >> reporter: it was by a japanese potter.
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he learned many of the key techniques from over a hundred years. >> translator: i thought this is really a mysterious kind of pottery. it has the glow of amber. i'd never seen such iridescence. >> reporter: cato worked for 20 yea years. he was guided by pottery people. he figured out a formula for the pigments, and the best way to build it. he led the global revival of lusterware. he has a passion for the craft.
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over 100 people attended the demonstration. muhammad was one of them. he built the studio on his roof four years ago where he focused on making lusterware. lusterware is fired at about 600 degrees. >> translator: the design didn't come out. this is not good. i have to try again. >> reporter: cato shed some light on his questions. >> translator: water damages the color. you have to get rid of every
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trace of water. >> reporter: muhammad learned a range of techniques, including how to use a way of curing, which keeps the come pound on the pieces. transpo >> translator: now i understand how to bring out the gloss. thanks to mr. cato for planting the seed. i will continue to practice with his technique. >> reporter: now it is being returned to iran's next generation of artists. nhk world, tehran. time for a check on the weather. as we've been reporting, people across japan are cleaning up after a storm swept through.
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this is what it looks like the morning after. >> good morning, catherine. the remnant low over east of hokkaido is now moving away from land masses. so the conditions are much better. we're seeing clear skies across much of the country today. however, it did the devastation -- it brought torrential amounts of rainfall. and in fact, possibly three tornadoes swept through two regions, and three prefectures emergency warnings were in place, which means people were forced to evacuate. it's apparent that so much rain has fallen across much of the central regions. more than 500 millimeters have been found in the course of 48 hours. a lot of these areas seeing more than 450 millimeters, and the flooding situation still will not be aalleviated. even though the clear skies are found across japan. the rough sea conditions will be continuing. and the flooding and land slide
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risks will be remaining in place across the country. after one storm, there's another storm that formed over east of the philippines here across continental asia, which is rabbit in japanese. it's not going to be a cute one as it will be moving over toward the northern philippines, intensifying over the warm water, feeding it to become a strong typhoon status, as it either impacts or nears northern philippines. the outer bands are already affecting central fill peebs. you can see how intense this storm system is. packing gusts of 90 kilometers per hour and moving 15 kilometers per hour toward the northern philippines. it will bring stormy conditions throughout this week across the archipelago. another system here, tropical depression as of now, but in the next 24 hours it looks like this one will become a tropical storm as well. over the south china sea as we speak. temperatures here very messy
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across the indochina peninsula. it's going to get worse with all these thunderstorms that pop up. manila looking messy as well. tokyo, sunny, at 29 degrees. last week, temperatures were down to about single digits for chongquinn. now to mexico, we have two storms to talk about. let me show you the condition here. not a good way to start off this week. tropical storm manuel drenched mexico's southwestern pacific coast over the weekend. many people fell victim to heavy rain and land slides. roads flooded and trees toppled by fierce winds. military personnel arrived in flooded areas to help the locals. people can expect wet weather in manuel's wake in the next couple of days. you can see the satellite very
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messy conditions across much of mexico, especially in much of the southern areas, due to a couple of systems. this is a remnant low. manuel from the video, now changed to a low-pressure system. it will be bringing drenching rain across the area. ingrid used to be a tropical storm, now a tropical depression, but it could top as much as 600 millimeters of rainfall in the next 24 to 48 hours. look at your temperatures. mexico city, rain, of course, at 20 degrees for your high. looking quite chillier across much of the great lakes region. new york's only down to 18 degrees for your high today. here's your extended forecast.
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that is all for this edition of "newsline." i'm catherine kobayashi in
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tokyo. thanks very much for joining us. xxxx ñi
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captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions >> ifill: at least 12 people were killed in shootings at a naval building in the center of the nation's capital. one gunman is dead. it's unclear if others were involved. >> we're confronting another mass shooting. >> woodruff: also tonight, the united nations confirmed sarin gas was used in the august attack outside damascus, as the u.s. pressed ahead for a strong resolution to force syria to relinquish its chemical weapons.

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