tv Teen Kids News KRON August 1, 2015 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT
>> welcome to "teen kids news." i'm siena. let's start with our top story for this week. there used to be a popular tv commercial back when our parents were kids. the commercial ended with the line, "you can't fool mother nature." today, many scientists would change that line to, "you can't fool with mother nature," meaning that we need to be aware if things we are doing are having a bad impact on our environment. and that brings us to the subject of climate change. as scott reports, it's a highly controversial issue.
>> on one side are those who believe climate change is real. on the other side are those who doubt our climate is changing. not only is climate change real, but it's a clear and present danger caused by us humans. well, if the climate really is changing, humans aren't responsible. we believe climate change is a natural course of events. so, it's no biggie. during his speech at georgetown university, president obama made it clear which side of the issue he believes is the correct one. >> but i don't have much patience for anyone who denies that this challenge is real. [ applause ] we don't have time for a meeting of the flat earth society. [ cheers and applause ] sticking your head in the sand might make you feel safer, but it's not going to protect you from the coming storm. i'm here to enlist your generation's help in keeping the united states of america a
leader -- a global leader -- in the fight against climate change. >> the president announced what he calls his national action plan to improve the health of our planet. >> it demands our attention now. and this is my plan to meet it a plan to cut carbon pollution a plan to protect our country from the impacts of climate change, and a plan to lead the world in a coordinated assault on a changing climate. >> we'll learn more about why it's important to take action now against climate change when "teen kids news" continues.
climate action plan. >> with those words, president obama declared war on climate change. speaking at georgetown university in washington, d.c., the president outlined some of his goals. >> so, using less dirty energy transitioning to cleaner sources of energy, wasting less energy through our economy is where we need to go. and this plan will get us there faster. >> joining us now is climate scientist dr. radley horton of columbia university. hi. >> hi. how are you? >> fine, thanks. when people talk about climate change, what are they referring to exactly? >> climate change refers to a whole series of changes that can happen on our planet -- warming of the atmosphere, melting of ice on land, warming of the oceans. and when we talk about climate change today, we're talking about the impact of human activities -- the burning of fossil fuels like coal and oil changes in land use.
since the start of the industrial revolution, we've increased the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere by about 40%. because it's a powerful, heat-trapping gas, that's caused temperatures to go up. it's causing ice to melt. it's causing sea levels to rise. >> why all the controversy? >> i think there are a few reasons why there's controversy. one issue is that there are very powerful interests who don't want to have to change their actions today. we have seen an active campaign attempting to undermine the climate science and make people confused. i think that's part of it. but part of it is much simpler. part of it, i think, is just that some people tune out when they hear negative news. it can be scary to hear "sea levels are rising temperatures are going up." some of us, our natural first instinct is to sort of ignore that news, to kick that problem down the road a little bit. but what i think is really important is that we basically think about what we can do. let's take action. it's gonna be a lot cheaper to
take steps today to reduce our greenhouse-gas emissions to prepare, to adapt to higher sea levels and warmer temperatures and protect our population. it's a lot cheaper to do it today than to wait until much later, when temperatures have changed so much that it may be too late for us to adapt. >> is this climate change something that's taking place slowly, over hundreds of years or is it happening now? >> climate change is happening right now in our own lifetimes. in the u.s. alone we've seen temperatures go up by almost two degrees fahrenheit since 1900. globally, the sea levels have gone up about eight inches in the last century, due to warmer oceans. more of that ice that's on land melting and making its way into the water. eight inches of sea-level rise doesn't sound like much, but it's already leading to more frequent coastal flooding, and when a storm comes along like sandy, the water moves that much further inland, floods that many more houses, just because that sea level has risen higher. >> a big focus seems to be on carbon emissions. can you explain what that is and
why "clean" energy sources are important? >> clean energy sources don't use carbon. if we look at things like solar power, wind power, those are sources of energy that don't require burning of fossil fuels and releasing these greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide and methane into the atmosphere. so, if we use more green energy, if we increase our energy efficiency so we're using less energy in our cars, in our homes, putting more insulation in our houses, we can reduce the amount of greenhouse gases that we're putting in the atmosphere. >> so, what are some of the other issues that president obama's action plan is targeting? >> president obama's action plan is targeting reducing our greenhouse-gas emissions. now if we look back at his first administration, there were steps taken to increase fuel efficiency in our cars and trucks. >> the fuel standards we set over the past few years mean that by the middle of the next decade, the cars and trucks we buy will go twice as far on a
gallon of gas. that means you'll have to fill up half as often. we'll all reduce carbon pollution. >> right now we're seeing an effort addressed more at the big polluting industries, the coal industry especially, being targeted to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions. another big thing that the obama administration is doing is focusing on preparing for those higher temperatures, preparing for sea level. we know that we're gonna see some additional warming and some additional sea-level rise, which we're trying to minimize by reducing emissions. but because we're already vulnerable to heat waves and we're gonna see more of them in the future, because we're already vulnerable to coastal flooding and we're gonna see more of it in the future, steps are being taken to protect our most vulnerable members of our population, to build some of our buildings higher and protect against storms. >> is there anything that we can do as teens to help? >> absolutely. teenagers are the next generation. a lot of these key issues are gonna be in your hands. there are so many opportunities
out there to invent that next type of green energy. maybe it's a type of battery that can store solar or wind energy. maybe it's a technology to help us adapt to higher sea levels, which we can't even imagine today. so, we need the younger generation to focus on solutions instead of ignoring the problem or saying, "this is too difficult." take the problem on, make a better world, and it's not just the climate that'll change, but we can help our more vulnerable populations, as well. >> thanks for all the insight, professor. >> thank you. >> as dr. horton just said there's a lot we teens can do, a point echoed by president obama. >> understand this is not just a job for politicians. so, i'm going to need all of you to educate your classmates your colleagues, your parents, your friends. tell them what's at stake. speak up at town halls, church groups, pta meetings. push back on misinformation. speak up for the facts. broaden the circle of those who
are willing to stand up for our future. [ applause ] >> there's an old saying that "everybody talks about the weather, but no one does anything about it." here's our chance to change that by helping to change climate change. >> coming up, i'll tell you about a british statesman who truly proved that the pen is mightier than the sword.
>> during her trip to the united kingdom, nicole learned about a man whose bulldog determination helped save a nation. >> just a stone's throw from the house of parliament and its iconic clock tower is a statue of the person many consider britain's greatest prime minister. his name? sir winston churchill. sir winston was born into a family with a long and distinguished military history.
one of his ancestors was the first duke of marlborough. after the duke's spectacular victory over the french at the battle of blenheim in 1704, a grateful english queen granted him this amazing palace. the duke dutifully named it blenheim. it was here in 1874 that winston leonard spencer-churchill was born. today blenheim and its sprawling grounds are open to the public to visit. sir winston grew up to become a war correspondent, a soldier and eventually a politician. when he became prime minister, england was in its darkest hour. hitler's aggression had triggered world war ii. the germans defeated every european country that stood against them except the british isles. every day, the brave british expected the nazis to invade.
more than tanks and soldiers, it was the words of prime minister churchill that the british found most heartening. >> we shall fight on the beaches. we shall fight on the landing grounds. we shall fight in the fields and in the streets. we shall fight in the hills. we shall never surrender. >> that "never surrender" attitude gave the british the courage to fight on. throughout the war, churchill's speeches and radio broadcasts rallied a nation. >> let us therefore brace ourselves to our duties and so bear ourselves, that if the british empire and its commonwealth lasts for a thousand years, men will still say, "this was their finest hour." >> and it was. through all the bombings and rocket attacks, the british never gave up nor gave in.
the power of sir winston's inspiring words helped defeat nazi germany. it was said that churchill mobilized the english language and sent it to war. for "teen kids news," i'm nicole. >> want a real good reason to put your dirty socks in the laundry? spiders. scientists have learned that some kinds of spiders are attracted to the smell of stinky socks. need i say more? >> it's time to play "word." check out these words and match them with the real definition. here's a noun that's a mouthful -- onomatopoeia. it's either... [ bell rings ] as when you say a baby babbles that's onomatopoeia, because when a baby babbles, it sounds like babble.
ready for another? [ bell rings ] give up? ...as in, the turgid poetry used so much onomatopoeia that it was irritating to hear. okay. let's take a short one. [ bell dings ] gotcha. flail can be a noun -- a tool used with a swinging motion -- and the swinging motion itself. you could say the farmworker has to flail a flail to thresh the wheat. that's "word" on "kids news."
>> stressed out? don't be. our expert has a hot tip on keeping cool under pressure when "teen kids news" returns. ♪ in 1988, our dear friend paul newman had a vision. a place where kids with serious illnesses could just.be kids. [bruce] so he founded a camp. and the joy of playing, laughing, and simply belonging had a profound effect [julia] freeing the children to reach beyond their illnesses and discover new strength. [bruce] from that one camp the seriousfun children's network has grown, serving 30,000 kids globally every year. at no cost to their families.
♪ ♪ >> you might not be able to make stressful situations go away but you can learn strategies for getting through. here's daniella. >> school can be full of stressful situations. tests, drama performances, sports -- they can all have anxiety-packed moments. and that can make you choke under pressure. dr. sian beilock is a psychology professor at the university of chicago. she has some tips for keeping stress from getting the better of us. >> that's right. here's a common scenario. it's the final seconds of a big
soccer game. you've got the ball, and you can score the winning point. it's a pretty easy kick, but you actually miss. the blame may actually be due to your brain. i call it paralysis by analysis. instead of just letting your body react naturally, stress causes you to overthink the situation, and this can throw you off your stride at a critical moment. >> so, what can we do to overcome an attack of the nerves? >> well, here's how to fight the stress. simple things like singing a song as you step up to the ball or focusing on the spot at the back of the net where you want the ball to land can prevent you from overthinking every step of performance. >> i'll certainly have to give that a try. thanks, dr. beilock. >> you're welcome. >> most foods have nutrition labels, but most of us don't know what to look for when we read them. so we asked nutritionist jax hubbard to help us navigate. jax, where should we start?
>> what you want to do with the nutrition label is first start from the top and work your way down. you want to look at how many servings are in the package. all the information that follows is referring to one serving. for example, a small bag of potato chips may look like one serving, but it may be up to 2.5 servings. so when you look at the rest of the information on the food label, you have to make sure to multiply all those numbers by 2.5. >> got that. how about calories? >> when you're looking at the calories, as a general rule of thumb, to figure out how many calories you need in a day, you want to take your weight and multiply it by 20. so, let's say you're a moderately active female and you weigh 100 pounds. you want to take your weight of 100 pounds and multiply it by 20, which will equal 2,000 which is the amount of calories you want to consume in a day. after looking at the calories,
you want to move down to the fats. you want to look at the saturated and trans fats. these are the bad fats, so you want to have this amount of fats be as close to zero as possible. we're gonna look at the dietary fiber. this number -- you want it to be as high as possible because it's very healthy for your body. and at the bottom of the label you'll notice a number of nutrients listed, including vitamins "a" and "c" and also iron and calcium. you want to make sure you're getting as much of these nutrients as possible. >> thanks for the tour, jax. very informative. but for the rest of us who aren't nutritionists, that's probably too much to remember, so you can watch this report again at... with "health bites," i'm christina. >> global warming could be making us itch. researchers are tracking the effect of warmer temperatures on poison ivy, poison sumac and oak. they're growing faster and producing more potent oils. even if you just barely touch
them, it's more likely you'll get a rash. so learn how to identify those plants and avoid them. >> this report is brought to you by nintendo. when school is out, it's your time to play. experience the best games this summer on new nintendo 3ds xl. battle your friends in "super smash bros." for nintendo 3ds. go on adventures in "the legend of zelda: majora's mask 3d." catch, battle, and train pokémon in "pokémon omega ruby" or "pokémon alpha sapphire," and more. there are hundreds of games to choose from. check out nintendo.com for more info. games rated "e" to "e" 10+.
situations. no question about it -- self-defense is a great thing to know. but few of us have the time to put in the years of training it takes to become a real expert in hand-to-hand combat like tris in "divergent." katie tells us that there are some things even beginners can learn that could make a big difference in a dangerous situation. >> okay, say you're a girl walking on your own, and this happens. >> [ gasps ] >> what can you do? >> meet charley and tracy vega. they are self-defense experts. okay, so, what's the first thing you can tell me about being safe? >> the first thing you should do, katie, is to keep your distance, okay? you don't ever want to let anybody get into your personal space, which we think is like 7 to 10 feet, okay? so, if you saw him walking up to you, you know what you'd do? put your hand up. >> put your hand up at my eye level. >> and say something. put your hand up. >> "stop. what do you want?" and keep your hand up there to show that person that you're keeping your distance between
them. >> and be creative. it's okay to be rude to a bad guy if you don't feel comfortable. so, say something that'll make him stay away, okay? go ahead. test it out. >> say, "what do you want? keep back. i don't feel comfortable," or "i don't know you." >> or "get out of here." whatever. >> can you keep back? >> yeah, that's it. >> yeah, exactly. >> that's exactly what you want to do. >> cool. can you show me a technique? >> absolutely. >> sure. >> so, i'm going to let charley grab your arm, okay? >> so, the natural tendency is you're gonna pull, so pull. so, whoever's stronger is gonna win, right? >> yeah. >> so, instead, what i want you to do, instead of going in this direction, bring your hand straight up and step back with that leg. >> and then turn and take off. >> go. >> perfect. >> that's it. >> that's really good, except you'd be running. >> so, what's another technique you can show me? >> well, you know the one we showed you when charley ran up behind me? let us show you. >> cool. >> turn around. he's gonna grab you, okay? he's gonna put his hand over your mouth and around the waist. >> so, one around your waist one around your mouth. all you need to do is grab one finger and peel. >> there you go. >> so, all i have to do is peel back one finger? >> right. >> and kids can do this? >> right, even guys can do it. >> wow! >> right, pretty easy.
katie, this is one of my favorite ones that i'm gonna show you now, okay? this one is what you're gonna do is if he was coming up and he's maybe gonna choke your head. you're pinned against a wall. what you're gonna do is you're gonna take two fingers and at his trachea, you're gonna drive right through. so, go up and just touch him right there, and if you did that and you poked really hard, he would probably choke. >> what i'd do is go... [ choking ] it makes them choke, and it gives you plenty of time to get away. >> gives you a lot of time. you're just gonna use two fingers, too, and you're gonna push as hard as you can. because remember, you're in fear of your life. you're gonna escape. you're not gonna kill him, but you're gonna hurt him, and it's gonna make a difference. >> that's so much simpler than a lot of kids would think. >> well, you know what? it's the "easy" button of self-defense, but don't tell staples. >> so, how is all of this different than typical self-defense? >> well, you noticed we're not wearing pads, and we're not throwing you on the ground. what we're doing is we're teaching you to escape, so anybody could do it. >> no fighting -- there's no punching, no kicking. it's about escaping because the reality is you're gonna be against someone much stronger than you are, and these techniques don't require strength. >> and you can escape without having a black belt. >> that's right. >> that's exactly right. >> anybody can do it. that's right. >> anybody can do it.
>> remember -- just because you're a kid doesn't mean you have to be a victim. as tracy and charley say, the trick is to escape, not stay and fight. for "teen kids news," i'm katie. >> that wraps up our show, but we'll be back soon with more "teen kids news." thanks for joining us and have a great week. >> write to us at...
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