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tv   Al Jazeera World News  LINKTV  March 18, 2013 5:30am-6:00am PDT

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>> cyprus votes on whether savers should pay for the bailout as the president tries to reassure a worried nation. >> all of the citizens know that we are in an emergency. you all realize that we have taken charge of the state -- a state that is unfortunately facing bankruptcy. >> hello. you are watching al jazeera, live from our headquarters in doha. in somalia, a car bomb has killed at least eight people near the presidential palace. a business out of control --
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leaders from around the world gather to try and regulate the global arms trade. abuing off the sand and dhabi -- in abu dhabi. they are switching on the solar power. a car bomb has exploded in the somali capital. at least eight people are reported to have been killed in the attack, which was close to the residential palace in the capital, mogadishu -- the presidential palace in the capital, mogadishu. our correspondent, peter greste tha, is on the scene. >> it is a little too dangerous to remain at the site. we saw the remains of the car bomb lying in the street. a lot of people standing around, getting very nervous. people trying to clear -- the police trying to clear people away.
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, we understand from eyewitnesses, the attacker was trying to reach the national security intelligence chief, who controls the district that is, effectively, mogadishu. the target was a minibus filled with people. the attacker rammed a minibus. the car bomb went off and killed almost everyone on board, apart from, we understand, the driver. numbers are still coming in. at least eight people were killed. >> how common is this sort of attack in mogadishu these days? >> it is becoming less and less common, but it is still a very serious problem for the authorities. the somali army and the african union troops that are supporting army have become very effective at driving al-shabab out of the city, pushing the
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front lines back and clearing the city. but they still have not been able to develop a very sophisticated national intelligence scale, public security skill, policing skills , publicligence skill security skill, policing skills they need. we have seen bombings. we have had reports of assassinations and murders, which is still a very serious problem here. >> peter, thank you very much. aicide bombers have attacked court complex in the pakistani city of peschel are -- peshawar. one bomber blew himself up in outside -- up outside of the building. another tried to storm a prison. the russian president, vladimir putin, has weighed into the
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financial crisis in cyprus by landing -- branding a plan to tax savers as unfair and dangerous. is cypriot government considering imposing a savings levy of up to 10% as a condition for receiving an international bailout. the president has had to give one of the most difficult speeches of his tenure to convince impede cost to vote for the bailout deal. for to votece him h the bailout deal. >> we are living in the most tragic times since 1974. we have the -- taken charge of a state that is, unfortunately, facing bankruptcy. >> financial experts say many people are still digesting the news to. >> -- the news. >> for me as an economist, the
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money was still there saturday morning. if you're not watching very very closely, people were very surprised. got hit under 100,000 anyway. that was a bit of a rude shock. i think people are angry and annoyed. 48 hours later, i think people realize -- the president said it very strongly last night. they showed some of the business people on state tv last night. saying, we have no choice, this is all we can do. >> the president sent -- set out his case for voting in this bailout when he addressed the people on sunday night. today, he is talking to his members of parliament for both opposition parties and his own party, trying desperately to persuade them that, in their own
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interest in the country's interest, they must go ahead and agree to this bailout, no matter how unpopular it is. the resident does not like it. the people in the street don't like it here at national president -- the president does not like it. the people in the street don't like it. this would also have a knock on effect across europe. others in the eurozone would take a big hit because of this. in a few hours, the mp's will gather for an emergency session and they will vote. we will be bringing you coverage of that through the afternoon. in yemencal factions have begun to try to heal their political differences. they are being boycotted by factions from the south. political groups and tribal leaders are trying to agree on a road map to establish a new system of government.
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we have this report. >> this is the square, the focal point of the march, 2011, or antigovernment movement that ended more than three decades of autocratic rule in yemen. she and her colleagues hope that yemen would be -- hoped that yemen would be governed by new leaders, hoped that are now fading away. >> it was a revelation -- revolution led by the youth, hijacked by the political parties. when i watched the news, i don't see young faces. the young protesters who were killed, just for calling for change. is this the way to honor their legacy? >> pro-democracy activists have filled the square for months. they see themselves as the driving force for change in yemen, but they still find themselves a minority in a national dialogue dominated by the same traditional political
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elite. a senior member of the former president, ali abdul a select's -- ali abdullah saleh's party. >> if all the ability to lead -- ali abdullah saleh was not convinced it was the right time to transfer power -- it is impossible to hold onto power forever. >> there is tight security at the main entrances of the capital. delegates from all political factions will meet to decide the future of the country. the key issues are the rise of a separatist movement in the south and the she had -- and those in the north. they have six months to draft a new constitution that will pave the way to a new era in yemen. >> this is going to be a historical event. -- unitedted nation's
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nations' envoy to yemen. >> months ago, the country was on the verge of give -- of going to civil war. there is now peaceful transfer of of power, a peaceful transition underway. it is in this context of the political -- that the political process is moving forward. >> it is yet to be seen whether yemenis and put their differences aside and move the peace process forward. -- azeera, >> syria's opposition group is meaning to select its first rime minister. once elected, the first job will -- first prime minister. once elected, the first job will be to select a cabinet. fighting is still
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intensifying in and around serious capital -- syria's capital. there has been selling in a suburb. they have identified 100 -- shelling in a suburb. they have identified a number of areas where -- one person dies every minute as a result of armed violence. that is the stark message being sent by arms-control campaigners as world leaders meet in new york to try to robo -- to regulate global weapons sales. they have failed to reach an agreement to limit illegal trade. many say this business is out of control. >> across the world, 8 million new guns and other small arms are produced every single year. the arms trade is a massive global business, and much of it is conducted secretly and illegally. nations are trying to agree on a treaty that would, for the first time ever, regulate arms exports.
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>> it will mean that he responsible, legal, but irresponsible -- that legal -- it will mean that responsible, legal, but responsible trade will become -- >> a former child soldier, one of the so-called lost boys of sudan, has called -- come to the un to add his voice to the debate. he says nations must sign this treaty. >> silence, in itself, is violence. if you are turning a blind eye to any situation, you are actually committing violence. here, they have the power to turn everything around. >> the big question being asked in the corridors of the un is what position will the u.s. take.
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they are keeping their cards close to the chest. when a treaty was last on the table, the u.s. postpone things, saying they needed more time to study the details -- the u.s. postpone and things -- things,s -- postponed saying they needed more time to study the details. >> amnesty international has called on world leaders to sign a treaty. we have a guest live from london. what is it that you hope and arms treaty will achieve? achieve?s treaty will >> this is a historic moment. fundamentally, regulation will be put where you cannot trade in arms and ammunition if there is a substantial danger of human rights violations being committed with those weapons. that has been completely ignored
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over the years again and again. there has been so much secrecy surrounding the trade. we need to see that human rights is at the heart of this and you cannot just deal with arms embargoes, which may be useful and important, but they come after the slaughter is well underway. where there is a sign that these could be used in the wrong kind of way, those weapons should not be sold. >> that makes sense to do you have many analysts arguing that treaty is not going to make any difference -- that makes sense. you have many analysts arguing that the treaty is not going to make any difference. >> but that is not a reason not to have treaties which help to nail things down. again and again, we have seen treaties be ignored in the past. when you do have a treaty, this can play an extremely important role in sending out a signal of what is acceptable and not
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acceptable. the longer and more strongly it is in place, the more firmly it can be enforced. we see governments who defend the idea that weapons should be used to kill civilians, because it is happening in vast numbers of the moment. the matching up of you like of people's rhetoric's, saying they ,egret people were killed matching it with action. that could play an important role in changing the world around us in a dramatic way. >> we saw the u.s. and russia engaged in delaying tactics last year. do you expect similar tactics put in place from china? >> i hope that we will not. we did say delaying -- see delaying tactics last year. that was, in itself, worrying and disturbing. at the last moment, these countries said they were worried, they need more time to think. over the next 10 days of talks, we are hoping there will be strong consensus achieved.
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if not, it then goes to a votes. we do have the possibility of moving forward. it is very clear within the united nations that there is a clear majority who would like to see something happen. that is already the big plus before the talks begin, as the talks began. i hope we will not see those kinds of delaying tactics. those governments who do delay should be shamed, if that happens. this is in everybody's interest that the rules should be in place. that is for the benefits of governments, arms manufacturers, and civilians alike. >> thanks very much for joining us. >> thank you. >> we are in zimbabwe to see why this city has gone from boom to bust. and no smoke without fire in sri lanka, where women in the kitchen need to stop reading in dangerous fumes.
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-- breathing in dangerous fumes. >> hello. we have a warning issued for a tropical cyclone just out of the open waters. we could feel the impact of the storm as we go on through the next couple of days. a chance of some sharp showers coming back through the southeastern corner of queensland. much-needed rainfall coming into new zealand. we have a severe drought going on here at the moment. milk production has been badly affected. new zealand is the world's largest milk reducer. that could -- producer peer that could well have an impact on prices. some rain moving through -- is the world's largest milk producer. that could well have an impact
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on prices. some rain moving through. temperatures around 15 degrees celsius. elsewhere across australia, it .s generally dry sunshine across south asia. some thicker clouds pushing up. staying dry. temperatures on the rise. 36 for nag >> again, the top stories this
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hour on al jazeera. in somalia, a car bomb has exploded near the residential palace in mogadishu. inpresidential palace mogadishu. at least eight people have been killed. it is not known who is responsible. the president of cyprus has been jeered by protesters because of his controversial bailout plan.
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nico santos does ya this -- nicos anastasia at us -- anastasiades. the united nations is trying to get countries to once again agreed to a treaty. the journalist and the woman who was financially -- initially sentenced to a year in jail are accused of making up the story, which was never published. the woman was convicted of defaming the government. raidedin zimbabwe have the office of the prime minister and arrested five people, raising the concerns of the lyrical violence. they -- of political violence. ngiraiesident of tsva
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formed a power-sharing government in 2008. this city is a shadow of its former self, a plight of businesses and industries because of harsh economic times, bringing the city to a standstill. it has one of the highest poverty and employment rates in the country. >> from a booming industrial hub to a ghost town, this is zimbabwe's second-largest city. empty factories are a common sight in the industrial district. as mrs. are downsizing or relocating to the capital or other countries -- businesses are downsizing or relocating to the capital or other countries. >> we could revitalize if somebody would commit to it. there is just no buddy who is interested. >>'s -- there's just nobody who is interested. >> the people describe their
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specter as a national crisis. they hope for revival. with the high operating costs, limited machinery, and capital -- and lack of capital, they have no choice but to shut down. .ome blame it on chip imports >> to make shoes, jackets, everything -- we want to sell it at five dollars. but they will sell it for two dollars. where are you going to buy? >> the impact of a flight of businesses is quite visible. i've been looking for a job for a long time. i am trying to support my children. >> those involved ways government -- economy -- though
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zimbabwe's economy has begun recovering, full recovery remains elusive. would coste industry at least $1 billion. it is unlikely they will get the funds anytime soon. mohammed adow, al jaazeera. >> two years ago, a visit by the leader of myanmar to australia would have been highly improbable. now, thein sein -- now thein sein has become the first myanmar president to visit australia in four decades. australia is boosting aid. , civilunited states rights groups are taking the new york city's police department to court, claiming that the stop and frisk policy unfairly targets minorities. this east new york city
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neighborhood, crime and poverty are rampant -- >> in this east new york city neighborhood, crime and poverty are rampant, that many young men say it is the police they fear most. some were afraid to give their last names in describing their dealings with police. >> how are you all doing? >> i have had going -- had guns pointed at me based on my appearance. stop and frisk, as i've said numerous times, in one day. you never find anything. it is ongoing harassment, it seems. >> david has been stopped and searched or frisked in his neighborhood in manhattan. >> it is scary. when it is happening, it is embarrassing. the fear is always there. >> it's an issue i've been dealing with since i was 15. it hurts. >> he's one of the people suing the police over their stop and search tactics, which have been well documented by neighborhood groups.
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the lawsuit accuses police of violating a part of the u.s. constitution that prohibits unreasonable searches. >> the officer has to have what is called a reasonable, articulable suspicion of criminal activity. it is our firm belief, and we think the evidence will show this, that in hundreds of thousands of cases each year the police department and the officers do not have reasonable, articulable suspicion when they stop new yorkers on the street. >> the lawsuit argues that police are illegally targeting minorities. police data shows that 87% of those stopped and frisk are either black or hispanic. while those groups make up just 53% of the city's population. only 6% of those stop are arrested. less than 2% are found to have a gun or other contraband. still, city officials say the searches are a regular part of police work and credit the policy with helping to bring down crying.
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>> stops take hundreds of guns off the street each year. the possibility of a stock is what scares the would be bad guys into not carrying guns -- of a stop is what scares the would be bad guys into not carrying guns. >> previous courts have ruled that crime prevention is not a legitimate reason to violate rights. >> ringing un news update now. we are hearing that the cyprus parliament has delayed a vote on this controversial bailout package. they will be holding that vote on tuesday. the second time they have delayed it. the cypriot government is considering imposing a savings levy of up to 10% as a condition for receiving international funds. we will keep you up-to-date on that story as the violence happen. hundreds of experts from around the world are gathering in the cambodian capital to discuss health problems linked to the use of firewood for cooking.
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millions of poor people everywhere do it. research shows that they risk getting lung diseases and heart diseases. 80% of sri lankans use firewood for stoves. most of them have little other choice. >> she has cooked on firewood stoves for as long as she can remember. she has a chronic cough and breathing -- asthma, chronic cough, and breathing problems are common. >> poor people have to forage for firewood to light their stoves. a gas cylinder costs more than $16. around 78% of sri lankan household use firewood for cooking. producestional wood carbon monoxide and other particles, including cancer- causing carcinogens, that penetrate deep into the lungs.
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.ooking spaces are vital >> there must be a standard kitchen. where women could perform their task without a jury, -- without getting exposed to unnecessary pollutants. >> the world health organization estimated that thousands of sri lankans died as a result. most women have few or no alternatives. speedy action is needed to address the impact these are having on their lives. commercial cooking energy like natural gas and electricity command more potential. simple, but effective measures would help address the problem. >> ventilation holes, chimneys, and clean stoves, fixed on an
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elevated surface. enough space for them to keep stock off would -- a stock of wood which would not get wet. >> most women would welcome any improvement. the country would reduce its disease burden.
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