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tv   Al Jazeera World News  LINKTV  July 6, 2013 7:00am-7:31am PDT

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>> chaos in egypt as rival factions collide. >> hello. you're watching al-jazeera live from doha. also coming up -- venezuela offers edward snowden asylum. now all he's got to do is get there. torture in the west bank, why palestinian security forces are being blamed. pakistan's education crisis, the remarkable story of one remote village where everyone is literate.
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>> there's been a violent 48 hours in egypt since mohammed morsi was ousted from the presidency. in egypt's second largest city, alexandria, at least 12 people have died in some of the worst fighting. in cairo, thousands of morsi supporters faced off against opponents of the deposed president. at least 30 people were killed. now, there's been violence in orthern sinai. at least five policemen lost their lives and morsi supporters say the army shot at and injured more than 40 people. now, in cairo, the deputy leader of the muslim brotherhood has been arrested on suspicion of inciting violence. and here's what it looks like now in cairo's tahrir square.
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of course, it was an iconic place that saw the berth of a revolution that toppled the dictatorship of hosni mubarak. in just the last few weeks, it was the birthplace of another movement that forced the first democratically elected president, morsi, out of power. last night, of course, was the scene of running clashes between supporters and opponents of president morsi. let's cross now to al-jazeera's correspondent, who joins us now from cairo. we saw that night of violence and chaos last night. what's the mood now? >> certainly this is a country on edge and worried, not that no one expected this increase in violence, but i think people are now a little bit worried of how far it will go. you know, the daily death toll keeps on increasing every day, and the flash points also keep on increasing on a daily basis. a lot of people are extremely worried in the city, in the
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south, in the villages, and that is also because of the fact the way the muslim brotherhood grew throughout this eight decade, it was really by being underground among the people, so wherever you go, you have pro and anti-morsi people facing each other, living next to each other, and at the moment, fighting each other. so it is a very worried situation for egyptians by and large. and then as you mentioned earlier, there's a situation, which the army considers a real security threat. soldiers have come under attack. the airport has come under attack. security forces are coming under attack. and the army is also worried about that situation that needs to be contained as soon as possible. >> we know there's an interim president. we know, too, the council has been dissolved. what other political developments are expected under military rule? >> well, we're now waiting for the interim president to issue
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a constitutional decree, and that constitutional decree will pave the way to form that committee that will finally look into the constitutional amendment that the opposition has been asking forever since the constitution was passed back in december 2012. also a date needs to be set, a time table that everybody needs to stick by to pool the presidential elections. we heard that could last up to six months. we have to wait for the constitutional decree to understand how long is the army and the interim government giving for this transitional period, because it is a very delicate time, and i think it would be best for everyone to try to tackle all these issues as quick as possible. paramount to that is that caretaker government that needs to be formed. negotiations are underway. the local media is full of names and speculation of who could take which position, but
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what we know is that the army and the interim president are looking for a technocrat government with executive powers, and its mandate will try to bring the economy back to speed as quick as possible. it was already battered before this last wave of mass protests after a week of a country at standstill as the situation is really, really dire for many egyptians. >> good insight there from cairo. the trial of egypt's former president, hoss me mubarak he mark adjourned until august 17. mubarak did appear in court briefly on saturday, and he is being tried along with his former interior minister and other senior aides on corruption charges. they're also accused of complicit in the death of hundreds of protesters during the revolution in 2011. now, mohammed morsi's opponents may be celebrating his departure, but the problems
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they say he failed to fix are still very much around. we take a look at the challenge facing egypt. >> behind the street protests, on top of the bitter political divide, there is poverty, unemployment, and a fast-rising cost of living. the government of mohammed morsi didn't create egypt's worst economic crisis isn't 1930's, but nor did it do much to fix it. the next government will have to make it a top priority. >> why did we take to the streets? to speak the truth and say we are not living well. >> we just want to live a normal life, to be able to eat. we just want to be able to find bread and for our children to find work. >> in the past year, as the morsi government should notted international loans and the country has run out of money, the poor have grown poorer, and angryier. patience will be thin as a varied and disparate coalition of former coalition groups,
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backed by the military, works towards new elections. >> the elections will come within a few months, and i am in favor of a short transitional period. >> egypt cannot afford a long one. >> in egypt, i can claim that more than 85% of the protesters to dr. morsi and before to mubarak was raising the prices, the unemployment, they disappear and the fluctuation of people because the economic future is so dark. >> at the end of an extraordinary week, the crowds have come out again in tahrir square, while elsewhere, violence has broken out as the new opposition rallies to denounce a coup d'etat. what this country has been promised in such a polarized atmosphere is national reconciliation. >> what it needs, and quickly, is political stability and a
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way out of egypt's deepening economic crisis. jonah hall, al-jazeera, cairo. >> if you'd like more analysis on egypt's crisis, you can always visit our website, aljazeera.com. 29 students and a teacher have been killed in an attack on a boarding school in northern nigeria, according to the associated press news agency. survivors are being treated for burns and gunshot wounds after the attack. no one has claimed responsibility, but suspicion is likely to fall on the armed group, which has carried out other attacks in the region. venezuela has offered asylum to american fugitive edward snowden, the whistle blower. he's responsible for one of the biggest intelligence leaks in u.s. history. he's believed to have been stuck in the transit zone at moscow airport since last month. how snowden will make the journey to the south american
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country could prove difficult. >> he's been on the run from the united states since early june and still thought to be holed up inside the transit area of the airport in moscow. since leaking top-secret information about a u.s. surveillance program, intelligence contractor edward snowden has been seeking sanctuary somewhere where he may be offered refuge. he's wanted in the u.s. on espionage charges and has appealed for asylum in more than 20 countries, but turned down by most. now he's been offered a lifeline by venezuela and also nicaragua. >> i announced to the government and the friendly nations in the world that we have decided to offer the international humanitarian rights to asylum to protect this young edward snowden from the persian cushion that's been unleashed from the most powerful and perilous in the world against a young man who only spoke the truth.
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>> the fallout from this whistle blower case has been felt far beyond the u.s. hong kong, where edward snowden traveled to first, and moscow, where he's thought to be now. it deepens suspicions between old rivals. earlier this week, latin american leaders rallied round when the official plane of bolivian leader was forced to land in austria. suspicions that edward snowden was on board were unfounded, but the plane had been blocked from entering part of european airspace. morales accused the u.s. of being behind the whole incident. the u.s. has warned of serious consequences for any country offering edward snowden refuge. both nicaragua and venezuela appear to be unfazed by that. emma hayward, al-jazeera. >> the white house has yet to comment on venezuela's offer of asylum to edward snowden. in iraq, at least 19 people
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have died in two separate bomb attacks targeting shias. funerals are underway for the 15 victims of the bombing at a mosque in baghdad. on friday, another went off in the city of samara. it is not yet known who was behind the attacks, the late neast rising wave of violence cross the country. thousands of anti-government protesters are at a mass rally outside bahrain's capital. they're demanding freedom and democracy and the release of political prisoners. they say the ministry of interior has arrested at least 600 campaigners in the last three months. a roadside bomb has killed three policemen in yemen. it was in a bag left near a check point in the north of the capital. it detonated as the policemen checked its contents. north and south korea have come to the target to discuss reopening a jointly run
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industrial park. pyongyang polled 53,000 workers from the case in april after rising tension on the peninsula. we get more from seoul. >> all warm greetings and mutual compliments at the start of the latest efforts to improve relations between north and south korea. both sides portraying these talks as a valuable first step. >> the industrial park has been shut down, but i have a heavy heart and i am worried. i hope we can resolve the problems through mutual cooperation and trust. >> we can discuss several issues, but during the rainy season, it's the most urgent one. let's make a good result from the talks. >> the case on complex, a last similar bomb and a $19 million a year income source for the north has been idle since south korea pulls out its workers when relations were at their low nest years. even this initial phase of talks isn't easy.
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south korea wanted businesses to be able to recover material and finish products from the complex and is demanding safeguards from north korea that it won't pull out again before considering any restart and full operations. so says pyongyang, they want to fast track the restart and is reluctant to allow materials to be removed. and we've been here before. just last month. then the two sides failed to agree on the seniority of delegates for proposed ministerial talks. it collapsed amid acrimony. for now, the very fact that talks have begun at all is a modest kind of progress. >> there is more cattle than people in somali land with exports to saudi arabia as a major income, but all that is changing. we'll tell you why in just a while. welcome back. the top stories here on al-jazeera -- in egypt, at least 30 people
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have died in clashes between south and opponents after the deposed egyptian president, mohammed morsi. 29 children and a teacher have been killed in an attack on a boarding school in northeast nigeria. venezuela's president has offered asylum to an n.s.a. histle blower, edward snowden. the syrian national coalition is trying to elect a new leader. its head quit over disagreement about potential talks with the syrian government. now, for more on this, let's talk to -- let's go live to beirut. the last time they met, they couldn't agree on a leader. what's the likelihood they will come to some sort of a onsensus this time around? >> well, they say they will. they expected red lights within
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two hours. there are two candidates who are competing on this post. yesterday there was a voting, but neither of these candidates was able to get more than a simple majority. that's why they had the runoff, and that's why they had to receive the election. but the leaders of the opposition understand they need to come up with a very clear leadership with a very clear vision on a road map on how to achieve their goals. there's a lot of frustration with them from within the activists and the rebels inside syria and from the international community. >> of course, yeah. you mentioned there are two candidates. it's down to the wire now. are either of these two candidates, are they able to actually try to persuade the international community to step up to the military aid that has been promised? >> well, it's a challenge, because their backers and supporters, whether from the regional powers or the international countries, have a
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lot of doubts in how effective this has been. so they do have to regain their trust in order to get the needed support. they also have to regain the trust of the people inside syria, because the people who are still inside, whether they're just the regular public or activists or rebels, feel they are paying the highest price, and the leaders outside are just birking and disagreeing, and we think with tangible results, and that's why there's a lot of pressure on this meeting to produce results. they also have to act very quickly, because on the ground inside syria, the forces are making significant advances and regaining control of the areas that will stronghold and rebels have been able to control. so they have to put their act together, so they have to put their house in order, in order to be able to move forward and try to repel this offensive by the regime. >> thank you for speaking with us.
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now there appears that torture in detention is on the rise in the west bank and gaza. numbers are up by a third in a year. the independent commission for human rights says both israeli army and palestinian security forces are responsible. we get this report from hebron. >> a demonstration in the west bank, israeli soldiers chase local teenagers throwing stones. they arrest one, appearing to kick him on the ground. perhaps unaware of the security camera overhead. this footage is now part of a military investigation into the arrest. but there's no video evidence of the beating this man suffered last month, this time in the company of the preventive security. he is his injuries were so bad, he lost his voice for four weeks. a recording had to be played until he got it beat.
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>> they tied up my hands and bashed my head against the wall. >> the number of arrests here have increased since the relationship between hamas and fata broke down in 2007. >> i'm 100% convinced my arrest was politically motivated. i will use the loss to get justice, demand this violence is not repeated. security forces should be cleansed of these officers. >> reports of violence and beatings are on the increase, and perhaps not so surprising, they're against the israeli army and against the palestinian forces. according to the human rights organization, even cases of systematic abuse and torture are being well documented, but action is rarely taken, and officers are rarely held accountable. >> i think it's the culture that is really very much in the practice, and without being accountable to that kind of practice, which is not really making it very -- taken very
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seriously. it has not gone beyond disciplinary measures. >> this is a journalist in gaza. he's been repeatedly arrested by the police, especially since the division between hamas and fata, and he describes torture and degradation in palestinian detention. >> i'm either object deducted from the street or they break in and destroy my furniture before taking me in. they swear at me. they beat me. they spit at me. i'm sorry to say this, but they forced notice pee myself and then to drink my own urine. >> the hamas or the palestinian authority have commented on the report, but the palestinian president did call for an end to torture and abuse in all detention centers last month. it's not yet clear if this is political talk or if it will result in a full-scale clean-up. >> the french press agency is reporting that mali has lifted a five-month state of emergency.
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earlier, the malian army reentered the northern city for the first time since it was pushed out by rebels last year. last month, rebels signed a peace deal. in somaliland, half the population depends on livestock for their survival. trade for animals boosts income. but as we get this report from the capital, herders in somaliland could be so much better off. >> this is where fathers come to sell their livestock, and traders drive a hard bargain. goats cost around $60 each. camels can fetch $500. most of the animals will head to saudi arabia, which lifted its ban on meat from somaliland in 2009, changing the fortunes of people here. >> my father, my grandfather, and a fathers work in this business. the money i earn supports my family, pays my 27 children's
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school fees and for my house. >> animal vastly outnumber people in somaliland. around 3.5 million people live in the region. compare that to an estimated eight million goats and more than one million camels. >> development organizations have realized the importance of supporting livestock markets like this one, as well as helping the people who own the herd. it's not just about boosting somaliland's economy. success here can help prevent future in the region. grazing in this region, especially in somalia, and the recent rains have been good. >> mohammed walked 30 kilometers to get his goats to the market, but he's worried about what happens the next time there's a drought. >> what we need when the rain stops the tanks and wells, we don't have machinery to dig. without water, we can't survive. >> investing in animal byproducts is one way of
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earning extra money for when times gets tough. the u.n. and the u.k. support this project to make organic soaps from bone marrow and animal fat. and the jewelry from the bones of camels. >> you're vision and goal for most want them to be self-sustainable, and in the country, they can produce livestock. >> one of the biggest areas to big industry in somaliland is that it's self-declared. the world doesn't recognize it is sovereign. it can't be expanded without foreign investment. somaliland is just beginning to develop its livestock industry. with a little help, it could become one of the world's most important exporters. >> 12 people are dead in
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pakistan after a train hit a rick shaw. it happened near the punjab. more than a dozen people are in a critical condition in hospital. and pakistan's education system is in crisis. the u.n. says on behalf of the -- half of the country's adults can read, but one village has a 100% literacy race. our correspondent went there for a lesson. >> play time always puts a smile on these children's faces, but this is no ordinary school. high in the mountains of northern pakistan, this village has achieved what the rest of pakistan can't, 100% literacy in english and a local language amongst its people. there are community-funded schools like this one. it focuses on educating as many children as art in the village. it's a remarkable feat. it's remote, accessible only by boat and a three hours' drive
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from the nearest toufpblet despite its remote place, the principal says its biggest asset is community action and not relying on the government. >> we just gather the strength of the community and ask them to establish as much a school that could go along with the town. >> the school makes the best use of its natural surroundings, teaching agricultural and rural skills. but as the children progress, things get into more high-tech and they have very proud students. >> we have got brilliant teachers. we have got facilities that are not here like the library with books there, and many more activities it has every year. >> it's testament to the school and how life is for everywhere you go. most people can speak english. this school was established in 1991, and right from the very outset, they decided that they wouldn't rely upon the government, instead relying on
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the leadership and the support of the community elders to really drive this project. it has been a struggle, but one village is very proud of it. mohammed was one of the village elders who founded the school. he says the biggest challenge is financing. when we need our money, sometimes we can't spare our teacher, but our nation, our community always help us to prepare that. >> the school graduates have gone on to university both home and abroad, begun careers with international organizations and the government. that's an extraordinary feat given the poor state of pakistan's education system and he remoteness of this place. >> indonesia is planning to provide universal health insurance for its 242 million people.
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as we get this report, there have been some problems. >> they've been six of the last four months. his distended belly swole within fluid. doctors don't know what's wrong with him. his mother brought him to near near their home, but they didn't have the right facilities to treat him. >> the doctor told me to bring him to a public hospital in jakarta, but i cannot afford the travel fare. it's too far. besides, i have other children to take care of. >> the family lives some three hours away from the capital. this case illustrates some of the challenges the indonesian government will face trying to provide universal healthcare to its people. earlier this year, two patients died after being turned away from hospitals in jakarta, which said they were either overcrowded or lacked the equipment. the death occurred soon after jakarta gave health insurance to the poor in november. people who never had access to healthcare before swarmed hospitals, even for minor
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ailments. the queues have been there, but health experts say it could happen again when the government rolls out a nationwide health insurance plan beginning next year. and lately, there's been another hiccup. some private hospitals disagree over how much they're allowed to build the government for some of its services. >> we understand that this is a good program, but we cannot lose money while searching the people. >> after discussions, the government has agreed to increase some prices. health experts mostly agree that indonesia will encounter some hurdles as it gives greater access to healthcare for its citizens, but it's a step in the right direction.
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>> hello, i'm john cleese. do you realize that native peoples are largely responsible for the survival of the planet? yes, because it's their forests that are still managing to offset some of the greenhouse gases from the major polluters like us. but although native peoples have the smallest ecological footprints, they unfortunately manage to suffer the worst impacts of climate change. it is their islands that are sinking, and their glaciers that are melting, and they are not happy about it. soon, we will be hearing directly from some of them, as almost 3,000 indigenous delegates from around the world struggle to have their voices heard at the united nations permanent forum on indigenous

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