>> the italian prime minister calls for a state victim -- state funeral for the tums of the tragedy. close in 300 refugees from africa died when the boat went down. a date is set for the trial of egypt's ousted president mohamed morsi. he will be in court november 4 on charges of inciting violence and murder. seven people are killed in a fire in bangladesh. the latest incident underlines the unsafe conditions in the garment industry there, six months after a factory collapse left over 1000 dead. you are watching "france 24."
two more french hostages have been identified. if nicolas henin and photographer pierre torres went missing over three months ago in syria. the information has been kept confidential but today their families decided to make a public announcement. our international affairs editor douglas herbert joins us now. what do we know more about the state of these two men and why the families decided to release the information? >> first, let's go viewers who they are. two more hostages have been added to the growing french toll of hostages throughout the world. most of them today in africa, specifically west africa dating back to 2010. at least 10 or 11 french hostages held. we found out these two new hostages, we found out about them through a statement released to their support committee, hostages in. one of them is nicolas henin basically a journalist with many
years of experience across the arab world and africa as well. he has covered somalia, he has been to yemen, he has been in egypt, he was in iraqi. -- he was in iraq. he, along with photographer pierre torres who was on his second trip, both appeared june 22. there have been 100 days of essentially a blackout on any information pertaining to their disappearance. the reason is the french authorities have always favored very much a policy of not giving media publicity, not publicizing these hostage takings. their theory being the more you talk about it in the media, the more you publicize it, the more it potentially jeopardizes the chance to be able to secure their freedom. the natural question you ask is why at this point did they decide to break the silence. let's be clear.
these are the families themselves that we know made the decision to tell the world about the fact that their children are being held in syria. this is all speculation at this point, but they did it presumably because they felt they had nothing to lose and they were perhaps losing hope and they felt that this point it is a good strategy to follow. they wanted people to know about it. they wanted to give perhaps the maximum potential to secure their release, and the only way to do that is really to get the resources and get people mobilized and knowing about it. we have found out names in the past of french hostages and it has led to a lot of high mobilization campaigns to secure their release. and we have seen hostages released. a family that was taken in cameroon in february ended up being released. there have been good outcomes to these stories. but, yes, two more hostages today to add to the very sorry french toll. >> thanks for that. let's hope for a positive outcome. the italian prime minister has called for a state funeral for
the victims of last week's shipwrecked tragedy off of lot produce the la padusa. closed 300 refugees from africa died when the boat went down. prime minister letta was on the island yesterday and he said europe cannot turn away from the italian refugee tragedy, saying europe would give 30 million euros to help italy settle refugees into the country. let's listen to what the prime minister had to say. >> this visit has been an opportunity for us to listen to the messages and the requests of people here. it's means that today we as repartee -- it means that today, we as representatives of the italian government along with representatives of the european commission we are able to go forward within our respective institutional capacity. we are now able to act knowing
what their real necessity and priorities are here. >> in egypt, the ousted president mohamed morsi has a date set for his trial. that is november 4. he is going to be tried on charges of inciting murder and violence. our reporter joins us from cairo. catherine, what more do we know about the upcoming trial? >> egypt has been waiting to hear the fate of ousted president mohamed morsi for months now and today we finally had the announcement of the date of his trial, november 4. these charges of incitement to murder and violent are over an incident that took place last year outside the presidential palace. there were demonstrations against the overarching residential powers mohamed morsi had awarded himself, and those demonstrations ended up in -- in violent clashes with 14 killed.
other muslim brotherhood members will also face trial on the same charges and we understand the trial will take place at the police academy where the trial of egypt's the other ousted president, hosni mubarak, has been taking place. mohamed morsi has been held and an unknown location by the army sent being deposed july 3. there are reports in the local media that he has not been cooperating with investigators and he is still insisting he is the legitimate president. he has been allowed to talk to his family once and also the european union's top diplomat -- top diplomat catherine ashton has visited him. at november 4 will be the first time he has been seen in public if he indeed attends the trial. security will be a key issue for the authority because, of course, mohamed morsi supporters are still in the streets everyday and has been since he has been deposed, refusing to accept what happened. >> thank you.
reporting from cairo. exactly one year ago today pakistani teenager malala was shot in the head by the taliban. she was attacked over her fight for girls education. one year on, conditions for pakistani girls are still difficult with more than 5 million out of school. but the islamists are not just winning on that front. the irony is that both malala the front-runner for the nobel peace prize and her fight are little known or appreciated at home. >> in this region of punjab province, a group of men are discussing their daughters' futures. >> this was prompted by a recent announcement by the provincial government to turn all
segregated primary schools into coeducational ones. a few kilometers away, classes continue but without any female students. >> the girls will end up illiterate. they are getting no education. when the girls don't come back to school, how will they learn? they should come back. >> a year ago, a pakistani schoolgirl called malala was shot by the taliban for speaking out in favor of female literacy. she survived the attack but continues to live in self- imposed exile in the u.k. because the taliban about to attack her when she returns. back in punjab, they believe her struggle has had little impact. >> her sacrifice is going to waste here. she wanted to educate girls, and for that she struggled and suffered violence, but to what end? >> todaymalala has become a problem for the taliban and other religious groups. he blames a foreign agent for the attack. >> what happened to her was an
elaborate plan by foreign powers. everybody in pakistan. the taliban could never hurt her. muslims don't do that. >> she was the first pakistani girl to be considered for the nobel peace prize, yet her dream for education is far from being fulfilled in her own country. >> at least seven died and 50 heard at a fire in a garment factory in bangladesh. the cause of the blaze is still unknown. it is the latest in a series of deadly incidents in the garment industry there. six months ago, a factory collapsed, leaving over 1000 dead. to talk more about this i am joined by the coordinator for the collective affiliate of the clean clothes campaign. what can be done to secure the best ensure the security of these factories? >> first of all, i want to say that since 2005, more than 700
people workers, have died in the terrible accident in bangladesh because of a lack of interest for the security of those buildings. an accord was signed by more than 90 companies a few months ago after the terrible accident. it is a big step forward because it is the first time that a binding agreement is signed by international companies. it is also managed by unions, workers directly, and it is the kind of accord that we push forward. among everything, companies must ensure that the practices allow the implementation of international human labor rights. >> what exactly does this agreement and tail? what practically will be done to
help these people working in the garment industry in bangladesh? >> practically, the companies who is not -- who signed the agreement are obliged to give money. and it is the first time also it is not only the lottery claiming commitment, but the companies will have to pay for independent inspections and also for the work that has to be done at the factory. it has also forced subcontractors to work with unions inside the factory to ensure that the work is done at the factory and workers have a say and can also monitor the implementation of the accord. >> thank you so much for speaking to us. a chinese court has agreed to an appeal by fallen communist party star who was convicted of bribery and embezzlement and abuse of power last month am a
but was a central figure in china's biggest political scandal in decades. he was sentenced to life in prison just last month. his sensational trial gave a rare peek into the family life and dealings of a top politician exposing brides, murder, and an illicit love affair at the highest level of power. over in the united states, president obama is dealing with the government shutdown that is now in week two. both republicans and democrats are refusing to budge. the president is stepping up pressure, urging the speaker of the house to hold a vote on reopening the government to avoid a potentially disastrous he fault. but the house speaker says the republicans will not surrender the budget fight without cuts to public spending. here's more. >> the deadlock continues. with both sides digging in their heels. but barack obama is clear -- he is willing to talk to the republicans, but he will not
yield to blackmail and extortion. >> having such a conversation, talks, negotiations, shouldn't require hanging the threats of a government shutdown or economic chaos over the heads of the american people. we can't make extortion routine as part of our democracy. >> for the republicans, a different interpretation of democracy. house speaker john boehner said at catching other measures is a long-held tractors and the president was demanding republicans surrendered the budget and debt limit fight unconditionally, something they were not willing to do. >> we can't raise the debt ceiling without doing something about what is driving us to borrow more money and to live beyond our means. the idea that we should continue to spend money that we don't have and give the bill to our kids and our grandkids would be wrong. >> the government reaches its borrowing limit october 17. unless a solution can be reached, the u.s. will not be able to pay its bills raising
fears of potential global economic chaos. >> we leave you now but the winner of the nobel prize for chemistry. that is going to scientist martin karplus, michael levitt an area war show, who won for their work laying -- ariah w archel. the noble academy called it groundbreaking, managing to make new aaron's classical physics work side-by-side with fundamentally different quantum physics for the very first time. i'm here in paris. you are watching "france 24." don't go away. >> welcome to the week in the middle east. coming up in the show, risking his life to reach europe.
a nine-year-old syrian refugee tells the story of a dangerous attempt at crossing the mediterranean. corruption allegations, workers rights, schedule changes the 2022 qatar world cup is coming under fire. and we will see how free running has become the ultimate means of escape for young palestinians. we start with syria and the first positive steps in destroying the company's chemical weapons. the first weapons were dismantled on sunday as the head of international chemical weapons watchdog called it a construct the beginning but warned it would be a long and difficult process. the group decided to send a second team of inspectors to help with the mission. under the terms of the russia- u.s. brokered agreement syria's chemical arsenal must be destroyed by new 2014. russia has praised syria's active cooperation while the u.s. welcomed the progress made so far. theis disaster -- among those
trying to beat the italian island are more and more during the refugees fleeing the war back home. our correspondent in cairo met a syrian child whose trip to europe came to an abrupt end last month. >> ahmed is at home with his little sister after a long and frightening journey. at nine years old, he has already lived through the trauma of immigration. like many other syrian refugees, he and his father tried to cross into italy from alexandria but they were intercepted. as captured in this amateur video, egyptian coast guards opened fire on their boat. >> when we arrived in international waters, the coast guard came and opened fire on us. just before we had shouted there are children here, but they shot anyway and two people
died. >> he was separated by -- from his father and detained for four days by the lease along with 100 and 50 other refugees -- attain for four days by police along with 150 other refugees. >> he thought he was going to be welcomed into italy. that is what people told us. >> facing the civil war in syria and discrimination in egypt, any migrants faced death in the hope of a better life. >> we are labored as nasa labeled as migrant -- we are labeled as migrants from the moment we arrived. >> the promises often and illusion. human rights advocates say european authorities are doing all they can to prevent the boat from landing on their shores. >> europeans don't really give the opportunity for syrian refugees to come into the country legally. they put pressure on egypt to intercept oats.
the solution would be to let syrian refugees in officially into neighboring countries to facilitate their entry. these syrian migrants are human beings and they are being treated like animals. >> according to the u.n., 3300 syrian have arrived since the beginning of august. >> staying in egypt, nine members of the country's security forces were killed monday. a car bomb exploded in southern sinai outside police headquarters and a group of gunmen opened fire on a military convoy near the suez canal. the attacks came just a day after dozens of muslim brotherhood supporters were killed in clashes with security forces as protesters were trying to reach tahrir square in central cairo. in early 2011, a tunisian man set himself on fire to protest the way authorities had treated him. the event triggered a massive
demonstrations and sent shockwaves through most of the arab world. he won a half years later, some arab leaders have been forced to step down -- two and a half years later, some arab leaders have been forced to step down but some still in power. our reporter went to jordan where the arab spring seems to have been stopped in its tracks. >> two and a half years after it began the arab spring may have found his final resting place in jordan. even though some locals are still clinging to revolutionary ideals. [man shouting in] >> on lurker -- onlookers seem unfazed. a few hundred islamists and liberals walk hand-in-hand at this friday rally to demand reforms, not regime change.
they come carefully close to local red lines without ever crossing them in the hashemite kingdom where people have not openly called for the ruling monarch to quit. >> turnout is low but we go for quality and not quantity. we are confident that, god willing, more people will soon join us. people will not stay silent forever. one day they will decide that the time for change has come. they will take to the streets to get their freedom back. >> those who have been protesting for the past couple of years in jordan are known as reformists. some have been arrested, others remain active, but mostly online. they say their agenda has changed because skepticism has grown over the arab spring. >> if you look at what happened to libya egypt, tunisia, yemen even bahrain and syria, all of this has led everyone to fear what the arab spring could do to
us and what its consequences would be. that is what we are dealing with. this reality has weakened our reformist movement. it is still alive, nonetheless. >> at the market in downtown amman, the shoppers we speak to say the prices of basic commodities have spiked. but very few are willing to do more than just complain about it. >> i am looking for cheap products, third or even fourth grade. >> you are not going to take to the streets to protest this? >> even if i did, it won't change a thing. >> despite the rising cost of life, the present of a robust islamist opposition, and other ingredients of the arab spring on the streets of jordan, the bloody battle raging on in neighboring syria and recent reforms seem to have quelled any local appetite for any kind of ocular uprising in the hashemite
-- popular uprising in the hashemite kingdom at least for now. >> good football's biggest competition be set in the winter? this possibility is rocking football. fifa president is announcing a new task force to look at whether the qatar 2022 world cup can be moved to winter. a delegation from an international labor iteration is in the country to inspect the treatment of migrant workers. we will look at why qatar is giving football such a headache. >> 4000, the number of migrant workers the international trade union confederation estimates may die if current conditions continue in qatar's run-up to hosting the world cup. outraged officials are showing fifa the red card, demanding preparations for the petition in 2022 don't explore -- exploit laborers. and expose a lifted the lid on harsh treatment and that. this week he delegation arrived in doha to inspect construction
sites. >> they should be able to install the mechanism to make sure that labor standards international labor standards are implemented now. >> and workers rights are just one of many controversy sparked by this tournament. some countries are complaining a gulf summer when temperatures reach up to 50 degrees celsius will be too hot for players and fans. qatar has also been feeling the heat over rumors that used its financial clout to secure the competition. one person claimed the country put pressure on politicians to convince delegates to vote their way. despite this, he himself back qatar as host nation last december. >> it was not a mistake. because of the rotation, it was time to go also to the arabic world. >> last week he confirmed the competition will go ahead but a
decision on the precise date is not expected until next year. but a rescheduling to winter comes with its own complications. the australian fa already threatened to sue if the change goes ahead. sure to be described also -- japan, south korea, and the u.s. lost out to qatar and the bidding process. europe's top leagues would also have to be suspended. sports lawyers predict a legal minefield. >> even if they make small changes in the necessary agreements with the raiders organizations and each country involved, it will not change the fact they will only sell one part of the issue of we will not have sorted out the problem of existing contracts or the conditions of how the world cup is awarded, which change when the scheduling of the world cup changes. >> almost 2.5 billion euros worth of broadcasting rights have already been sold. a majority bought by american outlet likely to rethink their deals. but the moment at least, it seems fifa is caught in a catch 2022.
>> we turn to the gaza strip where a group of young men turn to running and jumping and climbing for a break in their daily lives. the sport known as free running started in france and early 1990s and quickly became popular around the world. >> these young gazans are fans of and urban sport sometimes known as free running. the principle is to move quickly through the landscape clearing all obstacles by running climbing, and acrobatics. parcours born in a french suburb in the early 1990s quickly gained popularity in this refugee camp. practitioners range in age from 12-25, and stretching is
necessary because the work of his demanding and injuries are common. >> we love the sport. we put together a team and started to practice in the videos. we feel free when we practice. it is a good thing because we are stuck here in gaza. we live under the blockade. and when we practice, we feel a certain freedom. at least it gives a bit of life in gaza. >> the many abandoned building sites provide a perfect playground. with youth unemployment hovering at 50%, this provides an escape on both their troubles and the mindnumbing boredom. a few even dream of glory competing in big international competitions