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tv   France 24 AM News  LINKTV  December 10, 2013 5:30am-6:01am PST

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>> the court here in france has sentenced a defective rest implant maker to four years in prison. his company supplied breast implants with what turned out to be substandard silicon gel. removed dued to be to an abnormally high rupture rate. 300,000 women around the world had been awaiting the results. it is one of the largest trials of its like ever known. there are two other trials pending. in the ukraine authorities have moved to take back control from protesters.
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groups haved riot seized computers from one of the top opposition parties. demonstrators say that they fear an attempt to -- to be crushed by force, removed the day after hundreds of thousands of demonstrators moved into key have, the biggest of three weeks of protests. the rally started when the president backed away from signing a pact with the european union. today the european union foreign policy chief will be on hand to hold conciliation talks. the thailand prime minister has said that she will not resign ahead of national elections in february, despite opposition demands that she step down. andissolving parliament calling a new election she is aiming to cool public anger. the message from bangkok is that the capital was now calm after several weeks of violent
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demonstrations. monday, at least 150,000 antigovernment protesters took to the streets. a series of sacred masks belonging to naked -- belonging to native americans have gone under the hammer at sotheby's despite the requests that the auction be delayed. they wanted the sale suspended due to the cultural and religious significance. the sale followed a judge will -- a judges dismissal on the sale. >> according to their tribe, the masks are sacred, used in religious ceremony. last april, 70 were sold at auction for around 900 30,000 euros, despite international appeals to halt the sale. >> the sacred objects to be auctioned are sacred to us
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because for us they are special, they are a part of our lives. >> the case was taken hold of and france just a few days before the auction. >> all that we ask is that we be given the time to determine where the masks come from and whether they have importance to france, which is of no doubt. tothe u.s. embassy pledged suspend the sale, but the plea was ignored. >> it is always the same, american or french, people are free to practice their religion, but an object is not off the market just because it is sacred it. >> some 24 these masks were auctioned on monday, selling quickly, fetching more than 200 and 50,000 euros. >> the world's chemical watchdog is to pick up this year's nobel peace prize in oslo right now.
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the organization for the prohibition of chemical weapons has been slowly but surely destroying the world's most dangerous chemical stock tiles. hope is that they will be able to achieve disarmament. nobel prizes in literature and economics are also being awarded at the ceremony in stockholm. the prize itself consists of a metal, a diploma, and 8 million swedish crowns, 8 million euros. >> thank you so much, karen roberts. we have continuing coverage of the memorial service for nelson mandela going on now at the stadium. for two to going on three hours now. there you can see the vice president of china, one of several diplomatic heads of state to be speaking today.
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before that you heard an inspiring speech from the u.s. president, barack obama. sophie, thank you for joining us. you are a former correspondent in johannesburg and yourself had a chance to meet and interview nelson mandela several times. do you have a particular memory or something about him that strikes you the most? all at theuck us time was his extraordinary warmth. he clearly loved human company it was very striking. after 27 years in prison he had been deprived of the things that normal family life means to any political leader. when he remembers sitting under a tree in his garden for a press conference, that is the kind of thing he would do, sit on a chair with the press sitting on the grass around him. it was not dreamed up by some
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public relations specialist. he had a natural authority for leadership and he enjoyed the presidents of other people. i think that that came up, time and time again, we all had the real privilege, crosses warmth and enjoyment of company. for foreign company correspondents. he was having a lovely time telling stories about his childhood and how they used to steal the chickens from the backyard, chasing each other backwards and forwards with chickens, telling the stories and loving it. that stays with me on a very arsenal level. a man who just was enjoying being alive. that sort of have -- everything he was deprived of for years. >> at the same time, such an
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incredibly skilled politician who could manage the waters of apartheid. what about him as a politician marked you the most? >> there is a lot about miracles, the generosity of spirit, the warmth, the great smile, and it is all very true, but above all i think that what he was is -- was was the most extraordinary political strategist. he set his own conditions for liberation. he set his own conditions. ton they began to talk intermediaries, he always said that he would not give up the struggle. let me out and then we will start talking. he negotiated his own liberation . after the liberation he worked very carefully on a very well- to deducerategy
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africana, learning the language, reaching out to their sport, with a strategy that meant reconciliation. it was inevitable that apartheid was going to crumble. the fall of the berlin wall was a precondition for that, taking away the peer of communism that had struck the americans. but there was nothing inevitable about the movement. he could have tried to hold on. long as have held on as he possibly could, putting the army in a position to hold onto power, and he did not, and it was because of this clever strategy to negotiate power, power-sharing. it was not a simple situation in 1990. they had worked on the constitution for a number of years and there were no recriminations. all of the torture, all of the
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abuses of apartheid, there was a reconciliation. that was a way for him to secure loyalty. one of the things that has come back to me in recent days, the day of his inauguration, i can very clearly remember that he had just been installed as president and the white south african defense force aircraft flew across the sky with the new south african flag coming out of the back. defense force is the absolute symbol of africana, national party apartheid power, supporting the new president. it was a question of strategy, negotiation, and determination to do it. bringing him on board. >> he was fortunate to have a like the oneartner
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he had. >> i think so. it had been tradition to give up rather than hold out. this would supposedly guarantee the impact -- the impunity that he had for the others, which would not have been there. reportedly he had a nasty temper , and the clerk had the common sense and intelligence to know that this was the best deal he could get. >> there were plenty like that who did not have the forlligence and foresight the direction that the clerk was taking his party. talentmentioned this that nelson mandela had for winning over the white population. the part of the story i love so much is everything that surrounded the rugby world cup
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in 1995, i believe, when he went out of his way to win over what was truly a white elites work, rugby. >> the south african rugby team was the africana sport. it is the sport the displayed, a team made up of africana, not an english port. that had been at cricket team. hosted thea tournament that year. this was notgain, some pr companies spin or idea. he himself at the time decided to wear the rugby jersey of the africana captain, in no way borrowing the symbol of the other, the former enemy, re- appropriating it, signaling him
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to send a message to the africana that he is on your side , a message to the black and white south africans equally. that this was a new south africa, this is what we are doing -- reaching out, we must all be tolerant of each other. at the time it was the next ordinary moment that no one expected. well, thement as soccer stadium, rugby stadium at the time, a jumbo jet flew very low over the stadium. these days security would never allow this, but they had underneath it the new south nationbuildingof , with a combination of
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imagination, extremely well thought through strategy. the generous spirit made it authentic. >> rugby, once reserved in south africa primarily for whites was seen by blacks as a symbol of oppression. the country's new leadership has fought to use the game to bring about reconciliation. it was a high-stakes gamble. the man behind the plan, then president nelson mandela.
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>> south africans heeded the call. though there was just one black player, the nation love the sport. >> issa that you represent the country right now. -- he said that you represent the country right now. >> south africa went on to win the rugby world cup. despite the symbolism of the old, green rugby jersey, nelson mandela put one on as a powerful gesture of national reconciliation. >> i went up to the podium to go and collect the trophy, but he stopped me and shook my hand and said to meet -- thank you very
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much for what you have done for south africa. you are wrong,- thank you for what you have done for south africa. he was able to fly at 30,000 and and look at our future what south africa needed in order to live together in live up to the potential of the young democracy. in many ways, nelson mandela's plan to unite south africa through sport has worked and turned a new page in the country's history. -- nelson mandela's public work did not end with his political career, of course. fought for children's
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rights and the greatest scourge facing south africa today, hiv, aids. something his predecessors have been that his successors have been criticized for failing to do. >> after retiring as president of south africa, nelson mandela took up another fight, this time against hiv-aids. in 2002 he visited this clinic, the only clinic in the country that provided free antiretrovirals drugs. at the time they were facing international pressure to distribute the dog -- drugs to all patients. his visit was a public show of commitment. a controversial move. it was a big surprise. our real surprise. this was the goal of the nelson mandela that we knew.
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without hesitation he took off his shirt and put on the hiv shirt. all the cameras of the world picked up these images. it is an image that we use here on all the t-shirts. of course, that did not change the mind of the president at the time. and even less, the health minister. i can assure you, it promoted a heated debate. in 2005, a shockwave, he broke the taboo surrounding aids in africa, announcing to the world that his eldest son had died of the disease. conferenceonal press he confessed that he never thought it would happen to one of his own.
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>> that is the only way to make it right. >> it was this personal tragedy that drove nelson mandela to intensify his campaign to raise awareness of the spread of hiv aids. lent his name and reputation to a series of aids charity concerts. of what started out as a national awareness campaign became a global event. >> together. [cheers and applause] >> together, we have the power to change the course of history. his efforts may have helped
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to change the destiny of south africans living with hiv-aids. antiretrovirals drugs are now available to all patients. just a few moments ago you saw the doctor talking about the surprise and shocking admission, joined now in cape town. dr., are you with us? thank you, on this very moving day, as the city celebrates the life of nelson mandela, paying tribute to him. for you, what has been the biggest influence on your life 2002, as >> back in they were not in favor of antiretrovirals treatment. this country was the most
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infected country in the world at , starting with a public program to treat aids. i must say that we went through a very rough time in 2002. there was only one way to cut the price of the drugs from the national government. they were against the recommendation. to me it is just a coincidence. he came to visit the treatment and he told me -- well, if you want, come to my house and we will have the opportunity to speak.
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i thought -- what if you just stay there? what he did not stay there. he called me back a few months later. by putting the t-shirt on, it was great not only for the south african government at the ground level, but it showed he was fighting for access to treat in. he did not care about any embarrassment his statement might create. without any doubt. there is embarrassment, be honest, there are people who are enemies and it is because of those events that preceded.
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he could always recognize them, no matter the embarrassment. >> dr., what is the state of south africans living with hiv and aids today? are things much better because of his efforts? >> definitely. definitely. try -- the best and antiretrovirals treatment in the world. scale, andormous unfortunately we lost several theoriesryone's about hiv, but now we are catching up. as a result, we have seen a direct impact on mortality.
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mortality has gone down by 50%. since the beginning there are about 6.4 million people infected. we have a program where women , it is morend 35 than one or two women infected. we could not have known it would produce this impact. his eldest son died of the disease. was that something that he spoke about a lot? >> yes, his son died of the
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disease. in 2002 he knew about his son's disease, and he knew many other people. remember, in that time his successor said publicly earlier that he did not know anyone who , and for nelson mandela to say publicly that his an son died of it, this was extremely powerful political statement. >> thank you so much, doctor, speaking to us there from cape town. this is our continuing coverage of the ceremony to honor nelson mandela, his life, and his work. duncan is just outside the stadium. i imagine that the ambience has been electric. tell us a bit more about what you have seen.
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>> yes, obviously there has been an electric atmosphere around the stadium. by any means, people put off to a degree by the rains, but those who are there certainly received the speech from barack obama rapturously. his words went down very well. as he finished speaking, a lot of people started to leave the stadium. the reason they said they are leaving is because they just turned up to see obama, they did not really want to hear resident jacob zuma speak. the south african president is increasingly unpopular. >> behind you we can see the people leaving the stadium, and the mc of the ceremony today has scolded several times the crowd, asking them not to sing quite so loudly, to be disciplined, as
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mandela himself was disciplined. is that surprising at all? perhaps a little surprising, yes. people showed up here expecting a celebration of mandela's life, expecting music and something less dry than what has taken place. although they did receive the words of barack obama very well, generally speaking the ceremony is being considered a disappointment. brazil, thet of chinese president, all speakin
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