tv France 24 AM News LINKTV January 31, 2014 5:30am-6:01am PST
>> hello, it is 1:00 p.m. here in the french capital. you're watching live in paris. the headlines -- talks in geneva are wrapping up with little or no progress. there is frustration with the lack of humanitarian access. measures tourges ease unrest, but with indefinite leave for yanukovych, many people wonder what is left for the country. sunday'sme for this super bowl, up to $4 million for advertising.ds of
♪ are the top stories we will be covering for you. also coming up in the program, french president francois hollande is across the pond visiting with rich prime minister david cameron. the two leaders are discussing a host of issues. we will walk you through what is expected. an australian authorities green light a project to dump dredged sediment near the great barrier reef. scientists warn that the plan could have detrimental effects on the wildlife. that, we had to geneva where syrian peace talks are wrapping up this friday. the two warring factions walking away from the negotiations with little to show for it. the key will remains for president bashar al-assad and
both sides are sticking to their positions. john joined us. they ended with nothing concrete. this was largely expected. the mediator is still frustrated there was no agreement on humanitarian access. i was workingheem over the weekend to gain access to the deceased city of homs. unfortunately, that access has not occurred. he is very disappointed. negotiationsoing between the government and in syria toorces try to get convoys to go in and the people who are the seats in the city, those who want to come out may do so. but there has been no richter on that front.
of activitye a lot this weekend at the munich security conference. secretary of state in the u.s., john kerry, will be there. his russian counterpart, the human secretary-general, and also the un's special envoy chairing the talks will be there as well. there will be a lot of activity andhe conference on syria there is a scheduled visit to russia for more talks with the foreign minister next week in moscow. there is a lot of activity, but no breakthrough. and we are waiting to hear rrom the mediator, lakda brahimi, due to speak shortly. the syrian government has
been accused of entire neighborhoods being wiped off the map. they said bashar al-assad used bulldozers and explosives to punish the people backing the opposition. researcher for human rights watch and he told us more about this report. >> the large-scale demolition of seven neighborhoods in syria's and argest cities ,hama damascus, we used satellite imagery. in the course of just a couple of weeks, entire neighborhoods have been erased by the syrian government. put this into perspective, the area demolished is about 145 hectares. singletake every building that was erased and put them next to each other, they would fill up more than 200 soccer field. many of these were several stories high, as many as eight. we are talking about thousands
of families that have lost their homes and most of their personal belongings. he was from human white -- human right watch. heels in, dragging its iran on giving up its chemical -- dragging its heels in syria on giving up its chemical arms. dozens have been shipped out of the country for destruction. bashar al-assad had agreed to give up chemical arms in august, this to avoid a possible u.s. airstrike. now to ukraine, where the army is calling on the president to take urgent steps to calm the ongoing clinical crisis. the country faces its deepest turmoil since it orange revolution. in the latest twist, yanukovych announced on thursday that he is taking an indefinite sickly. many in ukraine are wondering what is next -- sick leave. many in the ukraine are wondering what is next for the country. here is a report. >> many are beginning to wonder
whether yanukovych is fully in control of his own camp. the presidential party, the party of regions, is still very in control of the country. there is no need to talk about a power vacuum when you have the deputy prime minister, a close ally of the president, stepping into the role of prime minister after he resigned. the president's press shows us that he is still holding the rain, -- the reins, even if he is on sick leave. but there are two different accounts within the ruling parties. -- within the ruling party. havee one hand, there almost certain been provocations organized in order to justify a state of emergency and calls, first of all from the justice ministry, and now from the defense ministry or through the army by the defense ministry for austerity measures to be taken. some people think that swift and forceful action needs to happen.
and then on the other side you have the president holding these meetings with the opposition to try to reach a compromise. they did not manage this time, but i think his idea is still open. manhave ukraine's richest and a close friend of? but saying the only way to resolve this is by -- a close friend of yanukovych saying the only way to resolve this is by compromise. i'm not sure he's able to balance these forces within his own camp, calling for different ways to resolve this crisis. >> that was gulliver craig reporting from kiev. a reporter who vanished for eight days said he was abducted and tortured before being left to die. he is being treated in hospital after being found on the outskirts of the capital. he is a member of a group of car owners that is taking part in the protests against president viktor yanukovych.
to the u.k. now, and britain's nuclear reprocessing plant. it has been partially closed due to elevated levels of radioactivity. a perimeter alarm was triggered at the north of the side, and each building is now being checked. all nonessential staff have been ordered to stay home. authorities are saying there is no risk to the general public or workforce. let's take a look at some of the world news will stop staying in the region, british prime minister david cameron is hosting french president francois hollande. the two leaders will cover issues, including energy, defense, and science. european union reform is also on the table. the british are expected to push for a more flexible eu. that is unlikely to be backed by élan. --hollande. authorities in panama have released 32 of 35 north koreans arrested since july.
they were arrested after cuban arms were found on their ship. they were carrying soviet era aircraft. they have agreed to pay fines for the release of the crew. there three remaining north koreans face trial and up to 12 years in prison. and the leader of a major mexican drug cartel has been arrested. gonzalez, believed to be the second in command of the goerful chilies go -- police isco cartel. mauritania has taken over the revolving chair of the african union. this comes after a meeting in a few be 0482-day summit. r a two-day summit.
>> we need to make a financial and logistical effort. we have enough men, but not the equipment. in central africa, there are not many roads. it is hard to move around. we need a major financial and logistical effort to cope stop we already have 6000 men and winning another 5000. -- and we have another 5000. it is enough. we need to sort out the logistical means before the troops arrived. >> african leaders will also discuss the violence in south sudan, despite a cease-fire agreement signed last week. clashes continue across the country. in the past people six weeks have been killed, and hundreds of thousands have been driven from their homes. -- france 24's joshua reports in a neighboring village in uganda. >> war in south sudan has brought more than 45,000 people here in northern uganda.
mostface a shortage of essentials, food and water, shelter, and medicine. according to aid agencies, almost 95% are women and children. this mother was forced to give birth in a tent after fleeing her hometown in central south sudan. >> we fled when the war started. my husband left us here with my mother and the children. then he returned to fight against the rebels. >> like most of the refugees here, this woman is from the dinka ethnicity, the same as the south sudanese president. he's fighting a rebellion led by a politician from the newer community. the ugandan government does not allow refugees to be divided by ethnic groups, but here at the camp, that already seems to have happened. are dinka,e majority 91% or so, but further down, it nuwa. reverse, about 90% areink it is the way people
traveling, traveling to meet with people they are more comfortable with. sayhese refugees do not -- they do not understand the fighting. this is the first time this man has fled the country since 1997. before commit was due to the war between north and south sudan. >> it was bad before, but now it is very difficult for us to begin. >> the conflict in south sudan has pushed almost 60,000 people into north uganda. around 50 thousand -- around 50 refugees are still pouring in daily. >> an italian court has reinstated the murder convictions of american amanda knox and her former italian boyfriend raffaele sollecito. 28y have been sentenced to years and 25 years respectively. knox says she is frightened and
saddened by the verdict. it is the third time this case has been tried, and with knox back on u.s. soil, it raises the chances of a link the extradition battle between the u.s. and italy. amanda knox's family says they are still searching for what they think really happened. >> we are still searching for the truth, and it may be that we don't really ever know what happened that night. which will be something we have to come to terms with. we hope that we are coming nearer to the truth, and an end, so we can stop and remember metaphor who she was. the united states will seek the death penalty for accused bomber of last year's marathon. he had pleaded not guilty to killing three people in the attack. another 260 people were wounded when two pressure cooker bombs went off on the finish line. his older brother was also
involved and was shot dead by police in a manhunt. boston's mayor personally opposes the death penalty, but supports the attorney generals decisions. >> as you all know, as a state representative, i voted against the death penalty. if i were asked to vote on that today, i would vote the same way. this is not my vote to cast, nor my decision to make. i support the judicial system and i support the process that eric holder put on today. footballerican championship, or super bowl sunday, is upon us. the seattle seahawks are taking on the denver broncos. for many fans, watching the as enjoyable, is if not more so, then viewing the game itself. advertisers are willing to shell out the big bucks, paying as much as $4 million for just 30 seconds of air time. always, the most-watched
show on u.s. television is drawing in advertising's big guns, like coca-cola, general motors, and budweiser. what doesn't make sense is to shell out $4 million for a 32nd slot. -- a 30-second slot. >> you can send a message to the average consumer to buy my product, we are american made, or you are sending a message to your stockholders. we are healthy financially to make a marketing play this big. >> american brands are not the only ones trying to capture the viewership. israel's sodastream international injury car jaguar have also secured spots. the only retailer to advertise during this super bowl is swedish clothing giant h&m. the company is breaking ground a new e-commerce at,
the first of its kind. >> it while you're watching the game and you see the commercial, the collection will appear around a commercial. you will see it and you can click on it and it will give you a mobile number and it leads you to h&m and you can continue to shop. spend roughly $10 million to advertise during the super bowl. in america, over 100 million pairs of eyes will be watching on sunday. and for many viewers, the commercials get as much attention as the game. >> there is no snow here in paris, but that is certainly not the case in toronto, which is good news for a 12-week-old a look there. the cub was born in the toronto zoo and got his first taste of the cell -- of the snow. his name is remy. he was spying and sniffing it. he is the lone survivor of three cubs born in november to aurora,
one of the zoo's two female polar bears. parise watching live from will stop here are the headlines. syrian peace talks are wrapping littleeneva with prospect -- progress. the u.n. mediator is frustrated for lack of agreement humanitarian access. ukraine's army urges the president to take measures to ease the unrest. that could prove difficult with viktor yanukovych on indefinite sick leave. shellvertising agencies out big bucks for air time during this sunday's super bowl, up to $4 million for 30 seconds. this friday brings an end to ben bernanke and his eight year stretch at the home -- the helm of the u.s. federal reserve. he ran thetenure, worlds most powerful central bank during the deepest economic crisis since the 1930s. jessica -- for janet yellen, who has served as the vice chair for the past four years, to --
stepping into the top spot, she will be the first female to ever leave the u.s. that and will largely be expected to carry on the policies that bernanke has laid down. i'm joined by economic professor at harvard university. thank you for speaking with us. ben bernanke is leaving after eight years as the head of the fed. in what shape is he leaving the u.s. economy e >> in great shape. you saw the first growth figures, which are stunning. bernanke should get most of the credit for forgetting -- four getting the u.s. economy out of a rough spot. the european countries are in a slow growth spot. there has been a lot of innovation and a lot of out of the box thinking. i think we should give him the credit, a lot of the credit for getting the u.s.-backed on high-
growth. the u.s. back on high-growth. >> let's talk about his legacy. he had to steer the economy through the worst crisis and the economic -- since the great depression. how did he do it? >> he did several things. first, he introduced monetary policy where interest rates were already very low. usually, when you want to boost the economy, you use interest rates. forlower interest rates short-term loans. that is the usual thing you do. that is called the open market operation. but he went well beyond that. he did what we call quantitative easing. he started to buy long-term loans. securities to inject liquidity into the american economy. that is called quantitative easing. monetary flowhe
this way. and the other thing he did was strong guidance. he said that he would not increase interest rates for the foreseeable future him and then specify conditions under which he would start to increase interest rates. was laterrd guidance emulated by the bank of england and the ecb. but he gets the credit for having introduced these policies. >> let's talk about what he got right. -- we have talked about what he got right. what did he get wrong or could have done better? say he went too far trying to bail out big banks. although they made money on these bailout programs. theat the time he went into bailouts, for example aig, and other financial institutions, he was criticized for these policies. but in the end, it turned out fine.
>> now we have janet yellen. she has taken over postop she is to be sworn in on february 3. what are the major challenges that she faces on day one? >> the main thing is to continue what bernanke has done. economysee now that the is picking up again. you have to start winding down the quantitative easing policy. but you have to do it in a progressive way, a controlled way, because if you do it to brutally, that long-term interest rates will go up. do is to wind to it down for aggressively -- wind it down not too aggressively. that is the challenge. but i think she will do very well. she has been working with bernanke and she understands very well the policies.
themnk she will implement slowly, the winding down of the quantitative easing. >> a professor of economics at harvard university, thank you for speaking with us. storyhead now to our top out of geneva, where the syrian peace talks, the first round of them, wrapping up. we can listen into the human mediator, lakhdar brahimi, as he speaks. >> each one will present their respective reading of what happened this week. and i am presenting my reading of what happened. today inberate effort the statement, to speak almost only about the few positive , because we want to
look to the next steps. and i sincerely think that there offerme elements that can a beginning and a ground to if there is political will to look for a solution. this is the tech -- the test of the first session of the geneva conference on syria. the steering government and the syrian opposition met for the first -- the syrian government and the syrian opposition met for the first time in three years to discuss the war and try to find a political solution to save their country. countries along with the united nations itself organizationsinal
came together to insist that the unspeakable suffering of the population of serious must cease. they urged the two sides to come to a political sus -- settlement that meets the aspirations of the people of syria, and also they appealed for the full implementation of the jew minute -- the geneva communiqué of 2012. over the past eight days here in geneva, the top -- the two sides engaged each other through me. it was a very difficult start. but the sides have become used to sitting in the same room. positionspresented and listened to one another. there have been moments where one side has even acknowledged the concerns and difficulties
and the point of view of the other side. progress is very slow, indeed. but the sides have engaged in an acceptable manner. ,his is a very modest beginning but it is a beginning on which we can build. to discuss ahere political -- the site came here to discuss the clinical solution. whenever syrian's meet these cannot but discuss the terrible situation on the ground, and they did. i appealed for action to address desperate -- the desperate humanitarian situation in serious. homs was extensively discussed, though unfortunately, there has been no breakthrough yet. discussed access to the ideaces as well as
of the countrywide polls -- pause in the fighting to allow access for all areas. news cameit of good yesterday with the delivery of humanitarian assistance to the palestinianp refugees. but so much more is needed. humanitarian discussions will continue on the ground between the governor of homs in particular and the united gg99ññwççñmw