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tv   France 24  LINKTV  June 8, 2015 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> first up, the g.p.a. summit of rich nations has wrapped up in germany with a pledge to fight climate change and to say they are committed to limiting the rise in global temperatures to two degrees celsius. they agree action is needed to address climate change. this a victory for the german chancellor. >> closing the talks, the g-7
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hold said the group is ready to put its money where its mouth is on climate change. >> we are also committed to climatefunding. we can't do it on our own, but we are committed to this objective. as of 2020 we want to have $100 billion of public or private funds made available every year. >> but where will that money come from? $10 billion will come from a green fund created by the university in 2009. the rest will have to come from a mix of public and private funding. it will go towards a new g-7 goal phasing out the use of fossil fuels by the end of the crentry. no more oil, gas and coal and more wind and solar power. they want other nations to commit to decrease oil and gas emissions.
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there was cautious praise from green peace who said the summit had delivered. refs it was remarkable to see that even japan now needs to shift resources from funding coal fired power plants in other parts of the world towards renewable energy. with these kind of steps in funding and an increased public pledge at the conference in paris, there is hope. >> canada and japan may have managed to water down merkel's 2050 target for a low carbon economy, but they may have to become zero carbon by the end of the century. >> we are joined now on the line from germany. thanks for being with us here on "france 24." we have had a lot of pledges from world leaders about bringing down temperatures and
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carbon emissions, but we tend to see very little in terms of action. what is different this time around, do you think? >> i think that from a certain point of view, it is very important to listen to this decoration. all the duties are in front of us to get this off. we have to begin to slow down our emissions for 2020 by 3% per year. this is, from a technological point of view is very different. it is going to require changes in production and transportation. it remains very big and not very precise how we will do that how we would change all
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these things. approving $100 billion a year seems to be very difficult. if enterprises don't shift in a very radical manner on green business and green technology -- >> it needs corporate investment as as political pledges. is there a certain futility in seven rich countries saying they will cut carbon emissions and then you have countries like china and india who continue to pump them out. we all live on the same planet. will it make any difference? >> i think this decoration by the seven big industrialized countries is not enough.
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china is the first emitter with 28% of the emissions per year now. if china also turns a trajectory towards lowering emissions, if they dent do that, it is not possible. we can check and observe that even japan who was at this meeting in bohn, has had a positive role until now. i think really things are -- nothing is sure at this moment. >> thank you very much. >> thank you. >> well, many scientists do say that the rise of just two
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degrees in global temperatures could drastically alter the world's climate and have a devastating impact on wildlife as well. here is more. >> two degrees might not sound like much, but it is the critical threshold for global warming. our oceans are facing greater changes in the next 85 than in the last three million. boidiversity too see a drop of up to 30% in the majority of oceans. warmer regions have more risk of devastation. >> we are anticipating a significant decline in kelp and other things replaced by species that thrive in warmer temperatures like sardine. >> in this area, sardine
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fishermen have found a difference. >> the stakes will be high at this year's united nations climate change conference hosted on the table, a binding agreement as to whether to limit global warming to below two degrees celsius between now and 2100. at risk, countless species facing extinction and a potentially apocalyptic maritime future. others have been discussing it in the ukraine. for the second year running russia has been excluded from the summit over its actions with its neighbor. in a strongly worded statement, they said vladimir putin have to change direction. here is president obama speaking earlier. >> ultimately this is going to
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be an issue for in putin. he has to make a decision. does he continue to wreck his country's economy and continue russia's isolation in pursuit of a wrong-headed desire to recreate the glories of the soviet empire. or does he recognize that russia's greatness does not depend on violating the territorial integrity and sovereignty of other countries. >> turkey's president is recovering from a rare political defeat. his party lost its majority in parliament over the weekend, ending the president's bid to extend his executive powers. josh looks at how he has consolidated power over the past few years and now turkish voters are forcing him to step back. >> they brim with confidence as
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he puts an end to an election campaign. yet only 48 hours later, the tone had changed. voters had returned a scathing backlash against him turning it into a referendum against his increasingly authoritarian rule. since 2002, the party he founded has lost its majority. >> it is the end of a long period that he has enjoyed ruling the country on his own the way he would like. he always had a parliamentary majority, so he could legislate everything. it is the end of an era. >> he was born here in this neighborhood in istanbul. after attending religious school, he doubled with a futbol career, but ended up in politics. in 1994 he became the mayor of istanbul. then in 1999 he spent four
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months in prison for inciting religious hatred. his crime was to have publicly reciting a poem with islamic overturns. our domes are our helmets and our mosques are our bearcats. he chose to take a resolutely conservative line when he founded his party in 2001. one year later, the a.k.p. took power. >> in turkey starting from today, nothing will be like it was before. >> the rise of the a.k.p. coincided with an economic boom in turkey, and the party proved to be a consistent election winner. however, complaints over his authoritarian streak grew louder. a tight reign was being held over the press and social media
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sites. some were shut down. he was given the dubious nickname of the sultan. the turkish president denied he was a dictator. >> i don't think it is fair to talk of dictatorship. it shows a lack of respect towards our country a lack of respect towards me even. >> erdogan was elected in the first round of elections in 2014. his party had grown used to ruling with a majority, but will now have to learn to share power. >> the big star of the turkish laker -- election is the charismatic leader of the people's democratic party. traditionally a kurdish rights appeared they did well by uniting kurds with liberal voters. here is our report. >> kurds may be a minority in turkey, but they are definitely
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a majority here. sunday night the whole city seemed to be celebrating the kurdish party's break through. for the first time it has made it into parliament. >> it's a big step for kurdish people to surpass the threshold. our party will have the political power, and they will be able to use that power when necessary. in istanbul, kurds celebrated with kurdish flags, but they were just as thrilled. >> we are victims of a political authority. this political party is our only chance to get rid of it because it does not solely defend a single group ethnicity or race. it brings all of us together. >> bringing people together, one of the things the h.d.p. has tried to do during the campaign. the party developed its mainstream liberal ideology, tracking new voters among secular turks homosexuals
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women who oppose the president and others. >> kurds arabs armenians, all ethnic identities hoe live in this country it is the joint victory of our beliefs. all of the discriminated that want to live free with their beliefs. >> the h.d.p.'s break through is a break through for the historic kurdish struggle. the violent battle of the kurdish party has turned into a political one. they have a critical role in finding a peace agreement between the kurdish state and the kurdish people. >> across the border in sir, dozens of people in-- in syria, include can't six children were killed. the attack happened in a square. the area is now almost completely controlled by opposition forces.
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video shows civilians picking through the rubble. >> aratrea has one of the world's most reoppressive regimes. it is one of the primary reasons that thousands of citizens are fleeing the country, despite the prospects of an uncertain future abroad. here is more. >> abuse on a scope and scale seldom witnessed elsewhere. the outcome of a u.n. inquiry on human rights violations. >> the commission found that simic, widespread and gross human rights violations have been and are being committed with impugnity under the authority of the government. some of these violations may constitute crimes against
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humanity. >> a mass exodus accounted for 22% of all people entering italy by boat last year. on the run from an oppressive government, they paint a totalitarian state went on securing security and rat us to keep its population at bay. the country won independence from ethiopia in 1993, and it turned against its own people. widespread censorship have led to a poison climate of submission. sexual slavery and extra judicial killings are reportedly widespread. the national service is supposed to last 18 months, but one witness was forced to three after a 17-year draft. the u.n. has called on the government to implement and
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respect a military code including prohibiting child soldiers and sexual harassment. the government has remained silent on the contents of the report. >> they have propose the delaying presidential elections to july is a. the vote was supposed to take place at the end of the month, but they have been put under pressure. he has refused to move the vote. up to 30 people have been killed in burundi. aid has been suspended. in mexico, he looks to retain a slim majority in parliament. but early results suggest the ruling p.r.i. party has won 40% of the vote. this election was marred by violence. people in mexico are angry
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about corruption and a lack of police protection. luke brown has more. >> election turmoil in mexico which has already claimed the lives of several candidates and a dozen campaign workers or activists. they blocked people from voting in the elections on sunday. guards attempting to protect polling stations were chased out of town. more than a dozen ballot boxes were taken or set afire. >> we haven't managed to hold elections. >> ballot boxes were destroyed at several sites in the southern states. protestors with a reminder of the 43 college students missing last september, part of the anger at the authorities' failure to find them or protect them. >> this town is now defending its right to vote. the state and ferguson are not
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doing anything to prevent these kinds of problems. >> the president says there have only been a few violent incidents. but violence have marred a series of elections across the country for hundreds of mayors, local officials, and above all, in the lower half of congress, where the governing p.r.i. party hopes to maintain its majority. >> authorities in china are getting tough on cheating as students prepare to sit this year's exam to determine what university they go to. silent unmanned drone is being used. it is able to pinpoint suspicion signals and relay it back. any student using forbidden wi-fi signals will be found out. cheating is said to be rife this time of year.
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a reminder of our headlines. there has been a pledge to fight global temperature change at this year's g-7 summit. that meeting wraps up in germany. there is warning for the russian president vladimir putin at that summit about being in ukraine. and turkey's president coming to terms with a rare political set-back this monday after the party he offended lost its majority in parliament. he concede today that no party can govern turkey alone. that is where we begin tonight's business news. will is with me in the studio. starting with a bit of uncertainty in turkey, and investors don't like that at all. >> they don't. the turkish stock market reacting to this. the lira to an all-time record
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low against the dollar. over the past decade, his ruling party oversaw an economic boom, but lately figures have been less impressive. now tasked with forming a coalition, he may find it difficult to put in place policies. claire looks at the state of the economy. >> turkey is in the eye of a financial storm whipped up by the country's biggest political party losing its majority. there is now a 60% possibility that turkey will have to return to the polls with just a 40% chance of a coalition government being formed. this uncertainty has accept investors returning for the hills. the turkish lira lost 4% over the day, and the stock market plunged over 5%. the country's central bank has pledged to respond on tuesday. >> the market reacted with a very sharp sell-off as expect the.
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all-around the world markets are asking the government with a strong mandate from the public and a good economic policy. >> even critics who cried theriot tearism talked about it. the country had 5% economic growth five years ago. unemployment is a gloomy 11%. >> they are all about winning against the h. c. p., people will look at how the covered is governed. >> some are urging opposition parties to be responsible and compromising in upcoming negotiations to enable to the country to regain stability prosperity. >> let's check in marketses in the u.s. stocks are lower. the three utility,, dow jones
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nasdaq and s and p 500 down from a third to a half percent. investors are worried about greece as well. g-7 leaders discussed the country. chancellor angela merkel said there was little time for them to work out issues with creditors. >> we want greece to remain part of the eurozone, but we take the clear position that solidarity with greece requires that greece makes proposals and implements reforms. the two institutions share a common goal, which is progress. on this basis, talks are proceeding. >> last week, greece he is government rejected proposals pursuit forward by european lenders and the international monetary fund. today it struck a more
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conciliatory tone and said both sides need to do more. >> we need to work. history is not going to take it down as ansubsequent. history will take it down as a failure of the political class of the european union, of me, of ms. merkel, mr. uecker, off the whole political class. we have a historic duty not to allow this to happen. >> time for a quick look at company news. apple has installed its new streaming service called apple music. part of the announcement came from pop star drake. the tech giant unveiled the details in san francisco. live music will stream to 100 countries and some 30 million song will be available on its catalog. it will compete with the industry leader, spotify. >> a dispute with british
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anti-frust authorities. it has about a 12% share of across the channel market. despite winning no trophies last season, manchester united worldos more valuable futbol brand, worth just over $1 billion euros. six of the top 10 call-ups were english, barcelona fell two spots to sixth place at 690 million euros. on to iceland now and good news. it has taken the first step to lift capital controls. the government said it will impose a 39% tax of creditors of collapsed banks who want to take reclaimed assets out of the country. those measures have been in place since the 2008 financial meltdown. that is when some countries were left on the hook for billions of euros to bail out the countries. the island has endured hardship
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and is only now just emerges. back here in france, uber has expanded, despite not technically being allowed. the company's appeal has yet to be determined. but uber says it is providing valuable jobs and services. its competitors, taxi drivers say it is doing so unfairly. >> uber pop is worse than the normal uber. anyone can take his personal car and pick people up in the streets bring them to a restaurant, to their home, to the airport railway station or nightclub, doing exactly what a taxi does. >> that's it for me. >> a bitter battle, that ube
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rom pacifica, this is democracy now! >> we are going to discuss our shared future, global economy that crates jobs and opportunities maintaining strong and prosperous european union forging new trade partnerships across the atlantic, standing up to russian aggression in ukraine, combating threats from violent extremism to climate change. amy: as leaders of the s

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