"> welcome to the "france 24 newsroom. i am molly hall. syrian government rockets hit a damascus suburb, killing dozens. the violence comes as crucial talks are held in vienna in hopes of bringing any indeed to the syrian civil war. two boats carrying migrant refugees sink off the greek coast. at least 22 people drowned. half of the victims are children. the greek prime minister says the ceaseless tragedies europe
to shame. and struggling to reach communities cut off by this week upon powerful earthquake. many are left without shelter in frigid conditions. also coming up, we look at how chile is flushing out corruption as it tears apart a toilet paper cartel. we will have details in business with kate moody. plus, 007 leaves paris shaken and stirred. bondatest in the franchise, makes his debut in the french capital. first, in, a deadly government airstrikes from your capital this friday. according to the syrian observatory for human rights, government forces fired missiles into a marketplace in duma, 15
kilometers northeast of damascus. at least 40 people have been killed and 100 others wounded. the airstrikes, as key talks over syria's war are underway in vienna. the discussions involve the major foreign players in the war -- the u.s., russia, saudi arabia, turkey, and for the first time they include iran. tehran's involvement is seen as a crucial shift. future of bashar al-assad remains a major issue. here is the british foreign minister speaking on the matter earlier in the day. gather this morning to see if there is any scope for bridging the gap that we know exists between the russian-iranian position on the one hand, and the position adopted by the rest of the countries represented on the other. this is an exploratory discussion. we want to see if there is a way forward, if there is a way of
establishing a process which can end the suffering and the killing in syria. molly: that was philip hammond speaking before talks got underway in vienna. joining me to discuss this is douglas herbert. we are seeing for the first time since the conflict began in 2011, all major parties involved either on the side or directly involved in negotiations. douglas: the first major international effort to resolve this is elusive, grinding war that has defied resolution. we have been here before. not exactly in this form. the reason that these talks are the talk of the town is because iran is there. back in geneva one way 2012? that was the first international attempt to bring this to a resolution, and it called for those original talks, a political transition. the hitch was that it called for a national unity government in
syria, which was not going to happen because the two sides in the conflict are too far apart. we are back to the same situation today. it is bashar al-assad. he is not even the 9000-pound gorilla in the room, he is the 20 million pound gorilla. the talks are going to come down to differing interpretations of what role he should play in the short-term, the medium-term, and the long term. it is an achievement that the talks are taking place, and you could be grudgingly give vladimir putin some credit for that because he has been banging the telephones, trying to get everyone back around the table. the u.s. has been seen as more passive on the diplomatic front. you also have to give credit to john kerry, the eternal optimist -- we haveo have seen a lot of mediators come and go, but he has stayed the course
in improbable odds. the very fact that you have everyone sitting around the table, if nothing else happens today -- if i am here sitting here later on in a few hours time and saying nothing happened, the fact that they were meeting, something happened. the purpose, the objective in the short-term is to perhaps pave the way and ensure there will be future talks. keep the parties talking and keep them at the table. continuationsee a of talks following today's meeting, how likely is it that we can bridge some of these major divides, which all parties remain and that they still have? douglas: very unlikely, to answer your question briefly. is,long, drawnout answer take russia -- will they see eye to eye anytime soon? john kerry calls a day managed -- calls it a managed transition. there is a softening tone in their view of a sod -- of bashar
al-assad's role. they want him involved. they are willing to sort of acquiesce to him being there in a short-term transitional government, but not in its future. russia says it wants is elections in syria. vladimir putin has made it clear that they are not really in love with bashar al-assad, but they want to show that they have a role to play in the middle east. the question is, how far will they go supporting russia? and the giant conflict here will be between saudi arabia, sunni saudi arabia, and the shiite iran because they have been the ones behind the proxy wars in the region. they are the ones that are really at each other's throats. it makes the u.s. and russia look like they love each other. the u.s. had to do quite a cajoling and persuasion job just to get the saudis to sit at the table with iran. they see each other as up to no good, wanting to dominate and control the region. who is more paranoid? maybe the
saudis at this point. it is hard to say. there is no love lost, as they say in english, between these two countries. so keeping them at the table will be very important. and the u.s. managed to convince saudi arabia for now that as much as they may find iran detestable, it has to be there because it is a major player alongside russia in the diplomatic solution. but also right now in the military angle as well, right there in the field. .olly: thank you for that for more on the meeting going on in vienna. the syrian war has fueled the ongoing refugee crisis in europe , and today four syrian children drowned off the coast of turkey when a small boat carrying them capsized in bad weather. one tonged in age from four. the coast guard rescued 19 people traveling with them. overnight, at least 22 people including 13 children also drowned when two boats sank off
the greek islands of,roads. earlier, my colleague melissa bell spoke with the emergencies director at human rights watch. more,are seeing more and entire families are now leaving syria on these boats. it is really stunning to see these boats come in packed with people, often more than 55 people in one of these rubber dinghies. we often take off 10 or 15 toddlers, babies off a single boat. this is a hazardous journey for children. the boat trip is only the beginning of their suffering. they spend days and sometimes weeks through the balkans, exposed to the elements, sleeping out in the open in horrible conditions. volunteers there to help them once they arrive.
are you seeing any sign that other kinds of aid will be set up? the european union is putting itself in a position that is able to greet these people when they arrive? --that is why we should be that we are now months into this crisis, humanitarian groups and human rights groups have been warning for months about the dangers that people would face as winter sets in. we see very little response from the european union or even from the united nations in terms of trying to cope with the humanitarian conditions these people are facing. this really is not an impossible crisis to a dress. -- to address. security forces all over europe deal with much larger crowds at concerts and soccer matches, and they should be putting in place the kinds of crowd management systems which would allow people to travel in a much more dignified and humane way and end this needless suffering.
to greece on the same route that these people a thousands of dollars for, it is an accessible those seeking asylum in europe. director ofwas the human rights watch earlier and the day. authorities in pakistan are struggling to provide aid following monday's huge earthquake on the afghanistan border. the damage was far worse than early estimates. thousands have been left stranded without shelter in frigid conditions. alex has more. , theseng in the rubble desperate survivors have been braving freezing temperatures for several might. a 7.5-magnitude earthquake damaged 15,000 homes. in pakistan's worst hit province. the elderly and young children are particularly vulnerable.
snow is too arriving just two weeks. >> there are small children and old people living in tents. it is difficult for them. we will have to bear the snowfall, but it will be very cold. >> my three children were injured when my house collapsed. no one came to help. arey injured children living with neighbors. so far we have no tents and nothing to eat. leading theis rescue effort while the government has promised aid and compensation. but with many communities terrain, theygged are not sure the aid will arrive before the snow does. much ofies used up their own emergency supplies when the region was devastated by flooding three months ago. even the russians complains there is no way to care for them. >> when i went home we had no water, nothing to cook food in. my children went to bed hungry.
what kind of world do we live in? >> survivors in these isolated areas say that they will be forced to abandon their homes to go begging in the cities. let's switch gears and talk sports. the rugby world cup champion, south africa goes head-to-head today with argentina for third place. argentina was beaten by australia. for one south africa player, friday's game could be historic. our correspondent tells us why. two-time world champ in south africa may have lost his spot in saturday's grand final, but they are taking no chances. loss fork this is a them as well. to finish on a high. the bronfman game against and i think-
outside we wanted to keep doing what we have been doing. >> the springboks lost to new zealand by two points last weekend. they have made nine changes including the captain. argentina for the first time. the south americans are hoping to equal their best world cup results. >> of course we want to play the final. every time we find a motivation. >> both sides sides are playing for the consolation third place, but the one thing about havana, it is particularly important. havana will be helping to break the record in this match. at 32 years old, it could well be his last chance to do so.
molly: tomorrow is halloween, and it is not to bank big of a celebration in france, but not the case in america that it is not too big of a celebration friend -- it is not too big of a solution in france, but not the case in america. mexico is notaid a friend of the u.s. and that the country sent drug runners, criminals, and rapists across the border. a mexican artist has given people a sort of a revenge. the u.s. candidate is depicted with his signature coif and open mouth. syrian government rockets hitting damascus' suburb. crucial talks are occurring in vienna, hoping to bring in end to the syrian civil war. two boats carrying migrants and refugees sink off the coast of greece.
the greek prime minister says the ceaseless tragedies put europe to shame. rescue teams in pakistan struggled to reach communities cut off for this week's powerful quake and many survivors are left without shelter and in frigid conditions. a businessnow for update. i am joined in the studio by kate moody. we are going to start out with news that unemployment in the eurozone has hit its lowest level in nearly four years. kate: the lowest since january of 2012, crying to the e.u. official agency. the jobless rate across 19 unemployment has dropped since september, compared to 11.5% a year ago. germany had the lowest rate with 4.5% unemployment. greece and spain have the highest, topping 20% each, perhaps one of the countries that few countries to raise its 7.427.10.es from
consumer prices remain unchanged from september to october. that 0% is much weaker than the european central bank's target, leading to speculation that there will be more quantitative easing in store. that has not had much of an impact on the markets. major european indices have reversed earlier gains, turning downward midway through their trading sessions, each down about a third of a percentage point. that is from a mostly negative close in asia. corporate results are moving the markets today, so let's take you through some of those headlines. is royal bank of scotland operating at $1.3 billion for the months ending in september. the lender, nearly 3 billion -- three quarters owned by the british government after the 2008 bailout says there is an increased cost for restructuring and warned of higher than expected litigation costs in the future.
bnp paribas has seen its shares rise as it reported a 15% jump in third-quarter net profits to 1.8 billion euros. its retail business helped offset corporate banking revenue . airbus says it plans to increase production of the a320 single-i'll jet to 350 per month. earnings.ped propel european aviation giant says it plans an additional production line for its planes in hamburg shares inl buy back 2016. the white house is setting a debt deal. the agreement, which passed bipartisan support, reduces federal spending by $80 billion. it raises the dealing -- the
debt ceiling through the end of barack obama's presidency. he is saying he will sign the budget as soon as he reaches his desk. in chile, authorities are taking action against a toilet paper cartel. after revealing that two companies have been colluding for more than a decade to fix and control the price of everyday paper products. collusion toong control paper products in chile flushed out by its competitive practice regulator. ofy have been accused colluding over the prices of everyday paper products like told the role -- like toilet roll for a decade. past we learned about our conclusion was chicken and pharmacies, and now it is toilet paper, napkins, and other everyday products. what do all these cases have in common? one thing. they harm people and free
competition certainly affects families. overd escalating price war 20 paper in 2000 apparently led to the collusion. it allegedly began when the manager of cmp c tissue and the essasa met with a gold club. in a statement, the company said the fact that some of their executives carried out acts that go against free competition was illegal. cmp c is not due to be fined over the incident, and will find the general manager -- will find the general manager instead. finally, the hype surrounding the new star wars movie has hit new heights, quite literally. a special a most -- a special promotion has been hitting
theaters for fans. air flights from san francisco to paris on the day of the european premiere or you can get tickets and a direct drive the airport to a cinema in a dedicated star wars shuttle bus. >> nothing will stand in our way. kate: a great way to be jet lag. while ago -- molly: thank you for the update. it is time for the press review. it is time to look at what is grabbing headlines across the world. i am joined by florence villeminot. we will start off with news out of china. we have seen a lot of reaction to china, turning over its one-child policy. news starting in china. let's take a look at "the global times," photos of lots of children. that is the aim of this switch in policy, the one-child policy lifted.
all couples are allowed to have two children. on the front page of "the china daily," couples are allowed to have two children for the first time since 1980. roughly 90 million chinese couples will be eligible to have a second child, and the aim of all this is to address china's aging population, which china daily point could lead to potential labor shortages. take a look at another article in "the global times." it talks about the second baby blues. it is a strange title because toy blues usually refers postpartum depression. this article says this change is being greeted by chinese couples , that this is something they were hoping for for some time. the article said the shift in policy really echoes the will of the people, particularly people whose biological clock is ticking, i guess you could say. people who were born in the
1970's who do not have much more time to have children. this article describes ways people have been trying to get around the policy. for instance, faking divorces and remarriages. but ultimately it is risky in china. molly: the policy shift has grabbed headlines outside china as well. flo: right, huge news across the world. if you look at the front page of "the wall street journal," it focuses on the end of this one-child rule in china. , essentially 36 portraits of chinese citizens born under this policy, one for every year the policy has been around -- from a baby in the top left corner to an older gentleman in the bottom right-hand corner. beijing officials say the policy prevented 400 million births and contributed to china's economic success. but "the guardian" says they have been focusing on the human toll -- a lot of abortions, a
significant gender imbalance in many parts of china. "the guardian" says millions of men have trouble finding a partner, and then you can see it in the headline, the fact that the policy has changed for some people is too late. only: we are going to move to paris. this is where in exactly one month's time, a major summit on .limate change will be held we are seeing papers here on that and focus on climate change. flo: that's right. when we think global warming we often think about polar bears and glaciers. but it is said that things are heating up in your backyard. climate change is happening now -- pharma, flora, agriculture, health -- kind of the tour de france of areas affected by climate change, including many vineyards. a very interesting area reported on here. vines are on the front line, in
the bordeaux area where france's famous bordeaux wine comes from. in recent years, global warming has improved the quality of french wines, but in the long run he can do serious damage. molly: perhaps not the most is the issue in terms of climate change, wine, but it is important nonetheless. elysees -- the champs elysees is one of the most beautiful roadways. flo: it has not been given a facelift in 20 years. this is what he could look like. n exclusive first look. authorities want to make it a little bit more like manhattan. one of the main aims is to bring parisians back to the champs elysees. the only people you really find there are tourists. molly: this is where we have a
focus on two viral videos concerning white police officers confronting black teenagers. tell us more. flo: "the washington post" sums it up as dancing cop versus abusive cop. it takes a significant look at the good cop-bad cop debate. one thing that came out of north carolina, we can see a police officer body slamming a black student. you can see the footage right here. the student was reportedly disrespectful, and this happened. another video gone viral across north washington, you can see a police officer came to break up a fight. instead of clearing out, as the police demand, this teenager started dancing. the cop responded by also dancing. the teenager here -- her name is a leah. she said the woman police officer turned it around and made it something fun. she says i never expected cops to be that cool.