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tv   France 24  LINKTV  January 19, 2016 5:30am-6:01am PST

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>> hello and welcome to live from paris. i am an net young. livia announces a new unity government aimed at bringing together the country's warring factions. also, the polish prime minister addresses european parliament this afternoon, as poland faces and escalating dispute with eu's over expanding its control. from the chinese economy,
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growing at its lowest pace in 25 aars, adding to fears of slowdown that will affect financial markets across the globe. will have more in our business segment. first to libya, where the unity government is to be formed under a deal to end bloodshed. the country has been in chaos since the 2011 ouster of longtime dictator ken duffy and has had two rival governments operating -- longtime dictator muammar gaddafi and has had two rival governments operating ever since. only seven of the council's nine members have signed the document which names a total of 32
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ministers. .ur correspondent has more putting your differences aside to help the country move forward and combat a common enemy, a month ago libya's two rival governments signed a peace deal. on tuesday after pushing their deadline back by 48 hours, they formed a unity government. , they named a 32 member cabinet. for the past five years the fall of moammar qaddafi, war has played to libya, with two -- war has plagued lidia. not all of the concerned parties signed the deal. for those that did, their differences are not likely to be completely and immediately pushed aside. the twoer of governments have complete control over their own troops, their own factions or military
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or armed groups. but certainly it is a very important step in the right direction. >> how libya posner government will establish and consolidate its power remains to be seen. but they have a formidable reason to act fast. for their common enemy, the islamic state group, has been gaining ground along the coast, namely insert and misrata. isis, the islamic state, for that reason you need to have a local government which is respected and is not the marionette of the international community. blame thea, many international community for the ongoing war, but western powers are eager for stability. in a country that is just 300 kilometers from europe's shores. annette: for more on this story, i am joined in the studio by our chief foreign editor rob parsons
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. how did we get into the issue where there are two rival parliaments in the country at the same time? >> we have to go back to march of 2014, the situation already chaotic following the overthrowing of muammar gaddafi in 2011. in 2014 elections were held in which surprisingly nationalists and liberals won the majority. the problem is that that is only 18% of the population that took part. party -- in november of 2014 the supreme court, which is backed by the parliament, issued a ruling saying that the elections in march were unconstitutional and should not be recognized. from that point on, there were two separate parliaments operating in libya, the old one in aaa, the new one in the east of the country -- the oldman in
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tripoli -- the old one in one in the east of the country. the islamic state organization has slipped, taking control of andcity of sirte, threatening to take over the two biggest oil ports. there is in orbis international concern that there is in norman's international concern -- there is enormous international concern. ofette: given the presence the islamic state group, is this still likely to hold as a result? remain in orbis obstacles to it. there was an immense international pressure -- there remains enormous international pressure. -- thereem is if the
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will be targeted sanctions against individuals per the other stick, as pointed out in the report, is unless they get their act together, the main beneficiary is the islamic state organization, which is beginning to carve out territory for itself. so there is pressure, but it has to be said that there remain formidable obstacles. the two governments are so divided, 50% of the deputies in both parliaments remain. the fact that the main government outside tripoli, it is opposed to this enforcement of the deal in tripoli, so big obstacles have to be overcome. this is a significant step forward. annette: rob parsons, thank you for that. a u.n. report released tuesday says at least 18,000 civilians in iraq were killed and another
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36,000 injured over nearly a two-your period, ending last october. the u.n. is caused -- is calling the civilian death toll staggering, and details shootings and beheadings. are believed to be holding approximately 3500 people, predominantly women and children. the group has swept across northern and western iraq in mid-2014, plunging the country into its worst political and security crisis since the withdrawal of american troops in 2011. police have arrested nigerian asylum seeker over alleged duringoffenses festivities in the german city of cologne. it is the first arrest directly linked to the crimes that shocked germany and sparked a national debate about immigration of migrants. hundreds of women were groped and robbed.
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police have made seven other , but they were related to theft and robbery. germany is wanting to limit migration from north africa by morocco and nigeria and syria -- for more of this, we talked to sarah in berlin. what more can you tell us about this arrest? >> i have read there is not much detail. a man was arrested from algeria, 27 years old. he was arrested about 30 kilometers away from cologne. interestingly enough, algeria is on the list of countries that the german government wants to declare a safe zone, along with morocco. previously the declared the balkan countries like bosnia, montenegro, serbia to be safe countries, and that means effectively people coming from
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those countries have almost no chance of getting asylum in germany. practically speaking, it also means they will not be housed among the regular refugee population, which is distributed through centers across germany. rather, they will be held in something called repatriation centers in germany's southernmost state of bare area. there is an interesting -- of bavaria. there is an interesting note as well -- there is a competition with deporting people because algeria and morocco notoriously do not cooperate with deportation cases. the notion has been raised of limiting development aid to those countries if they do not step up to the plate and cooperate with the deportations of people germany has termed in eligible for asylum that has termed in eligible for asylum status. all this puts angela
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merkel under increasing pressure? absolutely. the majority of germans do not support her open-door refugee policy. that is a dramatic shift in the poll numbers. we also saw a member of her own cabinet, the transport minister coming out and saying that germany should prepare for the inevitable, closure of its open borders, that it can no longer thatthe face to the world angela merkel has been so keen to display. that is an interesting aspect because to have a member of her own cabinet, the transport minister, say we need to close the open borders -- that is quite a change in tone. annette: sarah harman reporting from berlin. thank you. staying in europe, growing concerns over moves by poland's right-wing government to expand control of the judiciary. -- the polish prime
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minister is set to explain the new laws in front of the european parliament later this tuesday. mary colombo has more. aid, calling for broadcasting the european anthem , attracting attention. --was fired for possessing law -- for protesting a that puts broadcasters under government control. of what weery proud have done since the fall of the berlin wall. these are important for europeans. people in poland are under threat. mary: publicly owned tv stations are being targeted. a few dozen journalists have already been pushed out, and polish people are struggling to understand the changes. >> all these reports that i
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really like, i see them leaving the tv stations. something is changing here. there were changes when the new government came in, but i have never seen anything like this. mary: a member of the ruling law and justice party is the new head of public media. ironically, his twin brother is none other than the head of gazetta, the most popular newspaper in the country, independent newspaper in the country. >> the justice party has an way, and they do not accept any form of criticism. these last few years, public media have no longer been fulfilling their mission.
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they were not reporting the news in an objective way. during the political campaign, some voters told us they no longer recognize themselves in reports in the public media. -- they felt journalists : publiche justic companies are already being targeted. the cultural centers could be next. on religious values and patriotism could be put in place. a major fire has broken out in the landmark paris ritz hotel. ovation, sotly there -- it is currently closed for renovation, so no guests were staying there. the four story hotel, owned by mohamed al fayed, was due to be reopened in march.
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time now for the business news. desousa joins us now. theyumbers are in and concern a slowdown in china. >> we have been saying this all along, all last year. the world's second-largest steam and 20some 15th or gdp in the fourth quarter came in at 6.8%, while growth for last year declined 6.9%. that is the slowest annual pace in china in 25 years. the slowdown as beijing tries to steer the economy away from manufacturing to service instead. this was one of the major parts of china's booming economy. now migrant workers in the coastal city in the southeast of the country are feeling the full force of the slowdown. business is not as good as it
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used to be. in the past hour, 10,000 people have been banned. now only a few thousand are left. >> china's economic growth is at its lowest level in 25 years. it grew by 6.9% in 2015 compared to its 7.3% a year earlier. the figures are in line with targets set by beijing, the world's second-largest economy. -- as china's -- th is seen investors are worried. >> china is in a transitional phase between old and new. transitional industries are big in size, emerging industries are small in size even though they are growing fast. the emerging industries cannot make up for the traditional industries' slowdown, so the overall economy is facing downward pressure. >> some observers claim china posit growth is weaker than
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traditional -- traditional -- some to move toward consumption. and services. the latest figures coming out of china, and growth in the overall economy. i am joined by tom stevenson, investment director at fidelity international in london. good afternoon, tom. the market reaction has been positive to china's slowing growth. is that because we were expecting the slowdown? right, yes. that is sometimes the anticipation is worse than the actual event when it occurs. for the first two weeks of this year, stock markets around the world have been worrying about the slowdown in the chinese economy. what we saw today was a slowdown and the worst growth for 25 years, but it was certainly no worse than expected. in fact, there was a silver
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lining, and that is that this transition away from an export-led investment economy toward a consumption-led economy is finally happening. said, for the first two weeks of the year, markets have been in mayhem. oil prices tumbled to 12-year lows. you also have car companies and luxury goods makers revising their outlook due to what they are seeing in china. on the other hand, airbus continues to hedge bets on the chinese growth story print last week the company's ceo scoffed at the talk of slowdown in china. how would you advise companies to position their outlook when it comes to china? >> what is clear is that china is slowing down but not melting down. we are seeing parts of the old economy, the manufacturing, the
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heartland to the north of the country slowing down, yes, but the reach, the coastal regions, the service sector sides of the economy are doing quite well. from an investment point of view, there is lots of opportunity, but you need to know where to look for it. delano: and the latest data which came out today says consumption has in fact increased within china. are there any other bright spots in the emerging markets that you would advise on? tom: yes. it is very difficult to generalize about emerging markets. we are seeing a real listing should between the oil/energy importing emerging markets and emergingxporting markets. so you have a country like india, benefiting from the oil price that is lower, it in the same way that parts of the
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developed world are benefiting from cheaper energy. delano: tom stevenson, thank you for joining us on "france 24." let's get a quick check of how the markets are trading. we can start out in asia, where the markets risk -- where the markets reacted positively. the composite closed up well over 3%. you can see this on the hang seng in hong kong. we can see jones of over 2% across the board. that we can see jumps of over 2% across the board. renault says it will outline measures to reduce nitrogen oxide. recall 15,000ill vehicles to make engine changes to lower emissions. engine checks will be offered to owners of around 700,000 vehicles. the fix will come in the form of a software upgrade and will only
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be available for cars with the latest euro six generation in diesel engines. that is the business news. i will hand it back to you. annette: it is time now for the press review. time to take a look at what is making headlines across the world. for that i am joined in the studio by florence villeminot. let's start with the french catholic paper, focusing on a report by the anti-poverty charity, oxfam, on inequality, a report scheduled to come out ahead of the world economic forum in devos. -- in davos. it says the gap is widening between rich and poor people. according to oxfam, the richest 1% own 50.1% of world wealth, more than the other 99% of the
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world put together. calls thees what it dominant economic model and says the economic model is that of market fundamentalism, which essentially can explain the rise in inequality because it means that there cannot be any fair kind of redistribution of wealth. that means that the rich are getting richer, the poor are getting poorer, and the rich are getting a large part of the cake. if we take a look at the front page of the belgian paper, there is another figure that came out in this report. 62 people, 53 of them are men. 62 people own as much wealth as the poorest half of the entire world. if you add all those people up, that comes to 3.6 billion people having the same wealth. annette: which is an extraordinary figure, isn't it? forbes has a very harsh article
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denigrating this report. flo: it has become kind of a tradition because oxfam released a similar report last year. very harsh words for oxfam. solved theready little inequality problem that oxfam is whining about." it is only focusing on wealth and not income, and this article says in developed countries, a lot of people considered poor still have access to borrowing money, which means that they are not really poor because they can still buy things. to quote the article, it says that what oxfam is complaining about is not very important and we have already solved it anyway. annette: that in france, a series of measures were presented to fight against unemployment. an emergency plan that was met with a lot of skepticism in the local press. flo: not many papers are buying what francois hollande had to
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offer. let's look at the business paper, which says that -- it actually interviewed a series of economists who said the president's plan falls short of being up to the task of reducing an employment in france, and what is really going on is francois hollande trying to be reelected in 2017. it says his emergency plan has a political feeling to it, and another paper by that is equally cynical today. it blames francois hollande for thinking about his reelection and throwing money about -- and throwing money at unemployment. it seems like the presidential election has no price for francois hollande, and you can see a huge sum of money, and 2 billion euros, that has been thrown out of the francois hollande hot-air balloon, that is headed for 2016. it seems he is throwing money at it to reach the destination, and you can see the caption there, "i hope it works out, and if it
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does not, maybe we can throw overboard the economy minister." annette: let some move -- let's move on to news coming out of the u.k. we saw on unprecedented debate yesterday where british politicians discussed the motion -- the notion of banning donald trump from great britain. flo: back in november donald trump planned -- pledge to ban muslims from entering the u.s., and half a million british citizens signed a petition demanding that britain become a trump-free zone. most british politicians said there should not really be a ban on donald trump, but they did lineup to roast donald trump. one mp said we british are pretty good at roasting beef, so why don't we roast trump instead? it got pretty bitter. he was called stupid, a hate and an idiot.oon,
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not very nice things were said about donald trump. let's look at a cartoon, this time in "the independent." you can see theresa may at the border saying you can come in, but the ferret -- his hair -- has to get six months in quarantine. annette: we looking at the australian open. papers are continuing to focus on the incredible allegations of match fixing at tennis games. this is revealed by both bbc -- flo: a huge story continuing to get a lot of press. there is a huge tennis ball on the front page. this hurricane is hitting the as the australian open kicks off. 16 elite tennis players accused of fixing matches. interesting peach -- interesting piece today, the interview of a specialist in sports family who says this is not just a tennis problem.
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he is concerned about the growing presence of mafia organizations and sports betting in general. he says the gains in this type of betting art huge that in this kind of betting are huge and the risks are low. annette: why are you laughing? flo: i was really hoping there would be an article that would be a source of hope, but you will see. this is "the guardian" reporting about north korea. state media says they invented a hangover-free alcohol. i was excited about this. they said it was a special ginseng liquor that could be drunk without the hangover of liquor. paper last year found a cure for said north korea had found a cure for aids. annette: if you would like to see more of those stories we have been talking about, head to our website. www.
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that is it for this edition. i will be back after a very short break. awúwóóóóó/ñ>x>xxú÷úlúl
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announcer: this is a production of china central television america. walter: there are nearly 20 million veterans in the united states and millions more around the world. this week on "full frame," conversations with veterans and their advocates who are using lessons learned on the battlefield to overcome the challenges of civilian life and inspire people worldwide. i'm mike walter in los angeles. let's take it "full frame."


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