sea. turkey is trying to since that's twong two -- trying suspected smugglers in the death of island pretty -- of aylan kurdi last september. the state of the union address was interrupted to street -- interrupted repeatedly. thousands of protesters were met with tear gas. a minor shakeup. francois hollande spoke live on french television after he reshuffled his cabinet this thursday, just over a year before the end of his term. he made a list of his priorities for the rest of his time in office. signedollande: i have
the government three credit -- assigned the government three priorities. the first is to protect the people, the second is to create the, and the third is ecology, the environment, and the tradition -- transition to new energy. added two president more ministers and five state secretaries. he also brought in three green party members, reinforcing the number of the socialist party cost allies in the government -- socialist party's allies in the government. the biggest surprise is the addition of jean-marc ayrault, after the departure of laurent fabius. reporter: he had been mentioned as one of those to succeed laurent fabius. he makes a political return after two years. another candidate was emmanuelle cosse, who became minister for
housing, while her party colleague jean-vincent place also got a position. barbara pompili got -- becomes secretary of state for international climate relations. the minister for territorial planning and affairs -- the biggest surprise is a relatively unknown minister. 14 months from the presidential election, the reshuffle is securely important for france will -- is particularly important for francois hollande. hopes to give new life to his embattled presidency as he enters the final stretch. shona: our policy expert, marc perelman, joins me onset -- on set. what did francois hollande speak about tonight in his speech? c: he explained the reason
for the reshuffle. he said the government is here to act, to reform. we saw the three priorities he set out for the government. he said it was important to open it up to the green party. the green had left his government nearly two years ago and he clearly needs them into show that he is able to reach out beyond his own socialist party. he didn't make any major announcements. he, again, said that he really unemployment. he had promised that unemployment would lower. it hasn't happened. he said, yes, i understand this needs to happen. he was asked repeatedly whether he would run for reelection next year. he said, i'm not making any calculations. michael is to be present until the last -- my goal is to be present until the last moment when i have to make this decision. he wants to show you he is not bothered by any political issues . his goal is to protect france from terrorism and to make sure the reforms can bear fruit. there is a big question mark
over the result of the economic reforms. growth has been sluggish. unemployment has been on the rise. shona: why is this reshuffle taking place? we know that laurent fabius left the foreign ministry. was it an excuse for hollande, or was there more? marc: he is sending a message. the message is that, although he denied it repeatedly tonight, he is looking at the next presidential election. he wants to run. he is trying to make sure that he gets the house in order just to go to this election. this is why he is bringing the greens in to show that he is able to govern beyond his party and make alliances for the election. this is why, although he brought back his first prime minister -- this is unprecedented. to have your first prime minister -- jean-marc ayrault is very well respected within the socialist
party. the party is really in disarray. many members of the party hollande'sth economic policy and also with his security crackdown. he wants to show he is still socialist. he is hoping jean-marc ayrault will bring some order to his socialist house. it is not a major reshuffle for the french public in general. they will say, not much change. shona: it really sounds like these changes are really to please politicians. it is really about politics. it is not about the french people. i mean, we are getting a lot of, you know, lashing back at politicians now. we saw a few days ago when they voted to prolong the state of emergency, a lot of the mp's were not even there. what does this say about the style of his presidency in general? clearly, this has been an issue. francois hollande presented himself as the, quote-unquote,
"normal president." be aid, i'm going to normal president. the problem is that, very quickly, in france -- the presidency is nearly normal -- nearly royalty. with thisn struggling since the very beginning. obviously, he has been hampered at the lack of economic results. but, clearly, this will be seen, as i just described, as a political calculation for next year's election, rather than sending a message about reform. he said, i will reform the economy, just bear with me. you will see the results. but the french are getting impatient. they are worried about security, worried about migrants, worried about unemployment. this is why many of them are turning to the far right, and this is really the main danger for francois hollande. let's not forget that he runs the risk, if he wants to be reelected, of not making the run
through the presidential election, because it could be a face-off tween the conservative candidate and the far right candidate. this -- this would be his worst nightmare. shona: thank you so much, marc perelman, on the french -- the french politics expert. mp next guest is a socialist . thank you so much for joining us on "france 24." was this reshuffle really necessary? >> actually, behind this reshuffle, there is a message. we need to have a brighter majority. with the newected ministry who have been nominated . it is reflected in some politics. i think there is a key message that we need to have a brighter, i would say, majority.
also, in the way we are running some policies. shona: do you believe that this new team is more apt to make necessary reforms? i think, yes, the new people, the new ministry are so strong, like jean marc already -- jean-marc ayrault, like segolene royal -- yes.nk, sense, they -- in a are key people who are able to implement some of the policies that are needed for our country. shona: how do you interpret the high number of green party members in this cabinet? now, we had only in the government and some socialist people and three people from on
the left side. i think this was to show that the majority is brighter than before. shona: thank you so much. >> thank you. moving on to other news now, she is the only candidate, set to remainrde, at the head of the international monetary fund. the former french economy minister took on the role in 2011 at the agency's 11th chief, the first woman to hold the position. since then, she has overseen european -- the european sovereign debt crisis. the imf is nominating lagardere for a second -- nominating pristine the guard for a second -- nominating christine lagarde for a second five-year term. indeed, no competition for
the role of managing director. her first term comes to an end on july 5. now, there is nobody else who wants this role as managing director, hence why it appears she has the full support of the executive board here at the institution. and it was that same executive board that already knew in the year 2011, when she was given this job, that she had potential -- shona: four ships in the a gnc -- aegean sea. least three warships under german command will be participating for now, though that number may grow to between five and seven. any refugees rescued from the water will be returned to turkey. earlier in the year, nato called for help as europe deals with
its biggest my -- migrant crisis since world war ii. nato has launched a mission, the -- -- f text has been rontex has been unable to stop smugglers. standing -- nato's standing maritime group ii is currently deployed in the region. it will be taught to conduct surveillance, monitoring of illegal crossings. >> nato's maritime forces will share the information with frontex. several nato members could reinforce those ships. the goal is to stop all illegal migration.
nato says it is not targeting the migrants, but helping them. >> there is now a criminal syndicate which is exploiting these poor people, targeting that -- poor people. targeting that is, i think, the way that the greatest effect can in the humanitarian dimension. >> italian, greek, and turkish coast guard rescued people -- seaue people in the aegean on a regular basis. turkey, twohile, in suspected smugglers are on trial, accused of causing the death of migrants, including aylan kurdi, whose dead body on the shores of turkey sparked an outpouring of support for inuggling migrants back september. if convicted, the alleged smugglers could face up to 35 years in jail. i,s father, abdullah kurd
is also on trial in absentia. he has been accused of people smuggling by the two defendants present at the courtroom. troops are put on the ground in syria, there is a risk of world war -- those are the words of russian foreign minister dmitry medvedev -- russian prime minister dmitry medvedev this thursday. john kerry and sergei lavrov were both present. minister faroreign back after the u.s. accused moscow of bombing two large hospitals in aleppo on wednesday. >> russian aircraft were not flying near the city of aleppo yesterday. the nearest target was more than 20 kilometers away. the only planes from the so-called anti-islamic state -- the only and
planes were from the so-called anti-islamic state group coalition. -- eems the more we are >> russia's defense ministry says it's air force has hit 1888 terrorist targets in just the last week. the u.n.'s human rights chief says the situation around what was once syria's economic capital, aleppo, warns that up to 3000 -- 300,000 people are at risk of being besieged by the syrian army and its allies. thomas waterhouse has more. thomas: the coming and going of aid trucks and ambulances is still the only real movement at the -- the crossing at the turkish border. the gates remain firmly shut to those syrians who have flocked here in recent days. but after escaping the recent upsurge in the violence in their homeland, to them, this is quite
clearly nothing other than an emergency situation. >> the situation is very bad. the russian airstrikes are hitting the area day and night, and the syrian regime is surrounding the area. no one is helping us. we have nobody but allah. thomas: meanwhile, thousands of syrians remain stranded here at the refugee camp. the daily queue for food sneaks ever longer, and the living conditions get even worse. >> we fled from village to village until we arrived here. we had become afraid of the bombing. thomas: this is what the tens of thousands like him are fleeing from, a bitter escalation in fighting. forcesse -- as
move closer to aleppo, anurgents managed to retake air base. the violence is pushing more and more refugees to the front door. is wearingience thin. the president warned he could soon have to open the border and let them in. inna: a riot turned deadly northern mexico. at least 52 men died in a prison brawl. inmates sparked a fire during the altercation between two rival groups. 12 prisoners were injured. five are in serious condition. troops were deployed inside the prison in the industrial city of , while -- of monterrey family members gathered outside the gates for news. send me to of the country's 72 of thee -- country's prisons are overcrowded. chaos on south africa's parliament as the president made
his state of the union address. one party walked out after repeatedly interrupting his speech. ey could -- jacob zuma is facing mounting pressure to step down amid pressure from the courts, opposition parties, and street protests. the for his speech, the police fired tear gas at thousands -- before his speech, the police fired tear gas at thousands of protesters. reporter: one of the things that investment andas the economy. he talked about making south africa a more -- south africa more attractive to investors while strengthening the economy, which he had knowledged had been declining over the years, but said that south africa's democracy was stable. jacob add that president 's speech was overshadowed by protests against him inside and outside of parliament.
right now, there are still thousands of people gathered outside of parliament, demonstrating against resident jacob zuma, chanting "zuma must -- "zuma must fall." shona: what are the reasons for this opposition to jacob zuma? reporter: he has been making a lot of unpopular decisions, wrong decisions. he had renovations done to his private home, to get -- the tune of about $20 billion, well -- whileof -- wow millions of south africans still live in poverty. the south african rand has dropped to an all-time low.
people have decided enough is enough we saw also the formation last year of the "zuma must fall" movement. people will no longer stand back and watch jacob zuma turn the country into a banana republic, to quote one person that i've talked to. shona: let's take a look at our headlines once again. changing of the guard -- francois hollande has reshuffled his cabinet. a lot more green party representatives. the big surprise is the return of jean-marc ayrault, the former prime minister, who is now replacing laurent fabius as the foreign minister. o change is expected that the imf, however. christine lagarde is the only candidate for her succession. she has the backing of several countries as well as the u.s. treasury. chasing after migrant smugglers .n the aegean sea
three warships are being deployed. turkey is trying to the suspected smugglers involved in the death of -- trying to double suspected smugglers in the death of aylan kurdi last september. time now for the business news with kate moody. kate: global growth -- fears about global growth are continuing to wreak havoc on the market around the world. we are going to go through the numbers and take a look at what's behind them. in asia, the hang seng fell nearly 4%. the nikkei fell nearly 2%. the dax losing nearly 3%. 2%. ftse, an we saw sharper losses in other parts of europe as well. fell as much as 6%
earlier in the session, recovering a bit at the close. wall street has been paring back , ony very sharp gains reports of the opec cartel may be getting closer to an agreement to cut or cap oil production that would help the problem of global oversupply. the dow jones down 1.5%, the s&p not far behind. to better understand what has been causing this turmoil, i spoke to jasper, who said the combination of low oil prices and investor uncertainty has created the perfect storm. >> one issue that really has caught the market's attention at the moment is this idea of negative interest rates. seen it instituted by the bank of japan, by the european central bank. rates extended to negative today. the problem is -- that we face because of these is the negative
impact that they have on banks. , takingin business advantage of the yield curve, their lending business is core. it makes it very difficult to make a profit margin from lending when interest rates are negative. it makes it almost impossible. that's why bankshares have been shares have been collapsing recently. germany's biggest bank falling of a% just in the space month. that sector has been driving the decline. we are already worried about oil prices and other factors. kate: what do you think should be the role of central banks? do they have the tools to bring calm to the markets? >> i think part of the reason the decline in stock markets could continue in the medium-term is because we are starting to get to a point where it the powder is coming -- where the powder is running dry. we are losing faith in the
markets, that they have the capability to act and to shore up the global economy, stop the slowdowns taking place in china and other parts of the world, and bring us back to a sense of normality. the u.s. is desperately trying to raise interest rates, normalize them, but global conditions, where other central banks are taking even more extreme measures in the other direction, are making it almost impossible for them to do so. as of today, markets are pricing no further rate increase from the federal reserve for not this year, not next year, 2018 is the next scheduled rate rise if you are to believe markets. going tothe turmoil continue, and, if so, for how long? a reallyhas been extreme example of market volatility. typical safe haven in the market -- a typical safe haven in the market, gold, has gone to a high
. that can't last. perhaps there will be something from the central bank. maybe they are going to try to step up their efforts to support the economy. maybe some economic data that could support it. but nothing really seems to be a big enough catalyst to really prevent what i think is probably going to be a medium-term decline in the market and very much moving away from the kind of bull market we have experienced in the last few years. kate: the british parliament committee has grilled google about whether it fares -- it pays its fair share of taxes. pay said the internet giant 130 million pounds, about 165 million euros in back taxes. he insisted the company was paying the full tax rate of 20%. the u.k. is not the only country where google has been
investigated over taxes. both italy and france have been looking at possible tax evasion by the internet giant. bosses declined to comment on the numbers are >> what i'm saying -- to comment on the numbers. thoset i'm saying is articles are not based on facts. we have never paid, as part of an audit outside of the u.s., an audit settlement larger than the one we just agreed to. kate: also at that hearing, the u.k. -- the u.k. google chief told investigators he did not know his own salary. that fronted mocking from the -- that prompted mocking from the committee chair. shona: i do find that quite surprising. declined to say. he indicated he didn't know the exact figure. i certainly know how much i make. shona: thank you so much. that's it for now. we will be back in just a few
02/11/16 02/11/16 democracy now! amy: from pacifica, this is democracy now! >> my administration submitted a draft resolution to congress for force against isil. i want to be clear about what it does and does not do. it reflects our core objective to destroy isil. amy: a year ago today, president obama sought congressional approval to attack isil. congress never took a vote and the u.s. role in the war keeps expanding.