tom: good evening. the u.n. human rights chief says south sudan is facing what he calls one of the most horrendous human rights situations in the world. this follows on the publication of a u.n. report which details horrific crimes, monks in the killing of children, the abduction of individuals -- amongst them the killing of children, the reduction of individuals, and rape. do what you can get away with and take what you can -- that is the credo within the south sudanese military according to a new u.n. report. civilians have been systematically murdered, raped, tortured by armed militias and the country's army come in what commissioners in geneva have
turned one of the most horrendous human rights situations in the world. >> crimes against humanity and war crimes have continued into 2015, and their predominantly been perpetrated by the government. there are instances of opposition, and violations of as well. the machinery of violence is basically the state. you are either a loyalist or you are not. if not, you are in peril of harassment, detention, rape, abduction, death. reporter: the report says the government turned a blind eye to mass rape, considering the pillaging of the towns and villages a form of payment for soldiers. ethnic violence has plagued south sudan since its creation in 2011. the country erupted in civil war in 2013, setting up a cycle of partisan killings with supporters of the president and the opposition leader pitted against each other. rights groups have been working on the ground to uncover the
extent of the crisis. the witnesses told us that the men and boys were forced into containers with their arms tied behind their backs and clothes removed, most of them wearing underwear, the doors were closed and the men were in distress and banging on the walls and the witnesses could hear this. 2015, a: in august peace agreement was signed between the 2 warring factions, for the violence has continued, forcing some 2 million people to flee from their homes. although humanitarian agencies say the crisis is so widespread it is difficult to estimate how many tens of thousands of people have been killed. tom: another world news, people across japan paused earlier today to mark the five-year anniversary of the deadly earthquake, tsunami, and nuclear disaster which resulted in 18,000 500 people being reported as either dead or missing. these are just some of the unforgettable images of that day, march 11, 2012, when the
magnitude nine earthquake struck under the pacific ocean. leading today's commemorations in tokyo was the japanese emperor and the prime minister shinzo abe. 2:46 in the afternoon, the exact moment thousands died five years ago. in tokyo, japanese leaders gathered to commemorate and patriot to the over 18,000 people -- pay tribute to the over 18,000 people who died march 11, 2011, when the magnitude 9.0 is great and the tsunami it created swept across japan's coast, catastrophes that would create the fukushima nuclear meltdown and devastate the nation. >> no one should be left alone amid hardship, and i hope they can return to normal life without further delay. i think it is important for people in japan to unite in our efforts to be there for those who have suffered. reporter: 180,000 japanese still
remain displaced by fukushima. the government is trying to speed up reconstruction with a new $57 billion project. eyes out once again that we will follow a hand the footsteps of our forefathers and continue to move forward. reporter: abe's government has received criticism for forcing efforts -- focusing efforts on boosting tourism before the tokyo 2020 on the big games instead of helping survivors. the dead and those who remained were on people's minds across the nation friday. employees of the national electricity company that was in charge of the nuclear reactor also down their heads for a minute of silence. theo these residents of city devastated by the tsunami. they gathered around the miracle pien. a symbol of hope, it remained standing while thousands of other trees around it were washed away. in other news the u.s. presidential hopeful donald trump once compared rival
candidate ben carson to a child molester. to today the 2 men appeared bury the hatchet and the retired neurosurgeon carson, who dropped out of the race for the republican nomination, says he now endorses donald trump, making him the second former candidate after chris christie to back him in the race for the white house. washington correspondent philip crowther joins us now. it really does look like they've managed to put their differences in which a one state looks quite considerable, to one side. philip: yeah, this is not the first endorsement, as you say, for donald trump. the one from ben carson is a significant one. he once was the front runner for the republican party, he was in fact ahead of donald trump it changed a lot over the last few months with loopholes going down significantly for ben carson. it stillonald trump, gives him the possibility to be seen again on stage in florida with a former republican presidential candidate, as he
did also with new jersey governor chris christie. this ties in with a new narrative that donald trump is using on the campaign trail and yesterday at the republican president told the day. republican party establishment believe, donald trump says he can't unite the republican party. can she can -- says he unite the republican party. most of the eldest say he is destroying the party. he says he can united. and like getting ben carson and the likes of chris christie, that is what he looks like. he will presumably use ben carson on the campaign trail with crucial primaries coming up, especially this tuesday. tom: we will be keeping a close eye on those primaries. look at a tactics being used in the ranks of the republicans. are you noticing any change in the tactics being used right now?
there is one very clear and very public change today, and that comes from the marco rubio campaign. the senator from florida, who has to win his home state on tuesday to be able to stay in donalde, he has to beat trump in a state where donald trump at this point is ahead in the polls. what the campaign manager of marco rubio's campaigns that today is that he wants his supporters, marco rubio's supporters, in ohio to vote for governor john kasich. the other man in the race at this point. in other words, this is exactly what the republican party wants these candidates to do. it wants voters to vote for whoever can beat donald trump at this point, and that is john kasich in ohio, possibly marco rubio in florida. it is the anybody but trump campaign that seems to have officially begun, and marco rubio, one of the candidates, seems to have officially embraced. there is one thing that is pretty clear that will come out .f this tuesday's voting
if marco rubio loses his home state, he will be forced to bow out of the race. the republicans, by losing the establishment candidate who they have identified. tom: thank you for that update. philip crowther in washington. thank you again. --cy reagan, former wife of former first lady of the united states, has today been buried alongside her husband, ronald, in southern california. 10 white house families joined mourners in paying their respects to mrs. reagan, who died last sunday at the age of 94. she was regarded as one of the most influential first ladies in u.s. history and was rarely seen far from her husband side throughout his presidency, which lasted from 1981 to 1989. lecturer andand also an author on the reagan years, thank you for joining us. this is a very rare show of unity we are seeing in the ranks of u.s. politics right now with
the death of nancy reagan. what made her so significant, do you think? >> well, she was a very influential first lady. she was influential to her husband because her husband, his presidency, was historical. that she is also remembered as a key actor. reagan was not really -- ronald reagan -- was not really involved in the day to day management of his team, office staff, in the white house, as she was. it's not like she had a political role, because she was not really ideological, but she was a kind of iron hand in the white house, as far as managing the staff was concerned. making sure all the staff members were loyal to her husband. quite a renowned figure in washington in the 1980's. tom: in terms of what she stood
for and what she championed in terms of causes, what do you think of the things she will be best for member for, do you think -- best remembered for, do you think? every first lady has a charity, if he will, good social cause good in this case, a very famous anti-drug campaign entitled "just say no." she was in a lot of infomercials and commercials saying just say no. she was remembered for that. this change because after come in the 1990's, after reagan was diagnosed with alzheimer's, she --raced stencil research stem cell research, and that was a political decision on her part , may be the first in her life, because of course, stem cells is highly polarizing issue in the united states. the right-wing, the conservative republican party, which are
lt -- for religious reasons, hostile to stem cell research, and she broke with the party, she broke with the george w. bush administration, and she was very active in that field. which was great on her part. tom: thank you so much for sharing that with us. thank you so much for speaking to "france 24." the world athletics governing party says it is going to decide in the month of may whether or not to allow russian athletes to take part in the summer olympics in rio. russia was suspended back in november following reports of corruption and doping coverupss. iaaf says moscow will be reinstated until it has more to tackle the problem. will russia's athletic team participate this summer in rio? it is still to be decided, after revelations of systematic
state-sponsored doping and mass corruption last year. international authorities ordered moscow to clean up athletics. with just five months to go before the track and field events take place at this year's olympic games, the iaaf says the russian athletic federation has not yet put its house in order. >> while progress has been made, the council unanimously agrees that the russian authorities furtherundertake significant work to satisfy the conditions, so russia should not be restated to membership of the iaaf at this stage. olivia: yes getting task force says athletes and coaches named in the report are still to be interviewed, as well as previous offenders. last year russia created a special committee to tackle the president vladimir putin said they would do everything possible to eliminate doping in the sport. he says athletes who are clinch
or not pay for the misdemeanors of others. putin: we must carry out our own internal inquiry and carry out the most professional cooperation with international anti-doping authorities. saida: the sports minister at the time that the accusations were part of a conspiracy to " get rid of a major competitor from the games." yet fresh allegations have emerged from a german documentary aired last week in which suspended coaches were shown still working in russia while others provided banned substances to sportsmen and women. tom: now, and appeals court in france has lifted a restraining , meaning hetriker could be allowed to play in the euro 2016 tournament. the 20-year-old is one of france's key players that he was handed a ban in an ongoing blackmail scandal in involving another team ever. oliver farry explains.
oliver: it is clear for him to play in 2016 even if his legal woes are not over yet also a court by david did legal restriction's on him coming into contact with the france teammat e, who he suspected of trying to blackmail. thatwould just like to say it confirms the investigating judges decisions to allow him to once again meet. we are very pleased with this decision. zema was placed under investigation november 5 suspected of involvement in the blackmail and extortion. he is believed to have approached him at offense turning clamp and informed him of the existence of the tape. the real madrid striker said he told police he was devising a friend in a difficult situation. following a court order, benzema was suspended from the french national team in december. he is still under investigation and could face up to five years in prison if found guilty.
he will be able to play in european championships, to be held in france in june and july. be opposed to playing alongside benzema. tom: the guinness book of records announced today that there is a new oldest man in the world. following from the death of a japanese person who passed away in january, the new titleholder is also 112. he is a survivor of the ostrich concentration camp. he was presented with an official certificate at his home in the israeli city of haifa. since its launch in 1990, nasa's hubble space also has enough incredible insights into distant galaxies and is also brought back stunning images. but it's replacement is being built and is heading to orbit in 2018. philip crowther gives us sneak peek at this, the biggest telescope ever made.
inside nasa's hangars and maryland, they are working on a bit of a time machine. the james webb telescope will let scientists to go back to the origins of the universe. 18 of these mirrors make up the successor to the hubble telescope. -- the now complete installation is seen as a milestone by nasa. once assembled from this is where the james webb telescope will be tested, in an environment that will simulate both of the noise and the vibration of the actual launch. the telescope has been in development for 20 years. this $8 billion piece of machinery is set to be launched in october 2018 by the european rocket company. >> the team has already started to work on this lunch with other teams and for its mission we ty, which is the
successful, but for this mission, failure is not an option. philip: the mission couldn't be more far-reaching, literally. there are hopes it could find signs of life on planet's beyond our solar system. in a to get the head of nasa excited about the future. >> it is huge. let me not downplay it. it is critical for the future of astrophysics and planetary science, for the nations of the world, not just for the u.s. it, too, is an international project. telescopee hubble spent his life span of 26 years so far in lower orbit. the new telescope will go much farther, more than one million miles from planet earth. tom: now let's get a check of the top business news stories. markus karlsson joins me in the studio. good evening to you. let's start by looking at the price of oil, which seems to be going up for a change. markus: brent crude has extended recent gains this friday. we have seen brent crude closing
just above the $40 a barrel mark this friday over in new york. it has been climbing this price, as the international energy agency has come out with a statement saying that the prices may have bottomed out, finally, essentially. in a monthly report, they note that the recent price rise and says that a sharp drop over the past two years could now be over . an agreement last month by russia and saudi arabia and other oil producers to reason the output has increased prices -- freeze output since has increased price and it is unclear whether they will come into force. let's look at a reminder of where the prices have been heading in the past year or so. you're going to prices were well above $60 a barrel, which were already been seen as low. brent went as low as $35 and jerod but has recovered. stock market are getting support from the stabilization of the energy market, and in the united
states, we are seeing some pretty healthy looking gains for the nasdaq, leading the way around 1.5%. energy shares are trading higher on the back of those higher oil prices. american stocks are also getting a boost from europe and the european central bank's stimulus package it on built on thursday. european stocks also ended on a very positive note this week. they were sharply higher for much of the same reason as in the united states. that ecbhan 3% after decision on thursday. on thursday we saw the stock markets trading lower in the immediate aftermath of the ecb decision but it seems as if markets have had to rethink this friday, and we have seen these gains in european stock markets. we are going to switch gears now. japan has been honoring it dead after an earthquake and tsunami
killed more than 80,000 people five years ago. the natural disaster also triggered a meltdown at the fukushima nuclear plant, dealing a harsh blow to japan's nuclear industry. five years on, though, the industry is staging a comeback, despite public opposition. as you can plot careful return to nuclear power, a moment of silence at pepco. at the sightrator of the fukushima disaster says the focus on safety will never again be taken for granted. >> i don't think it is an exaggeration to say that the tsunami smashed and swept away the overconfidence and arrogance co over its tep safety. has staged aco comeback of sorts since 2011. $86 billion of interest-free loans have helped of the nuclear operator's stock price gain back some ground. the country's future has bike
and since the little democratic party returned to power in 2012. prime minister shinzo abe reversed the decision of a predecessor. currently only 2 of the country's 42 reactors are in operation but that figure could quickly rise since 25 hope like to restart. a resource for our country cannot do without nuclear power to secure the stability of the energy supply while considering what makes economic sense, and the issue of climate change. by 2030, the government wants nuclear energy to account for 22% of electricity generation, not far from where it was before the disaster in 2011. but this week, regional court restricted the electric power company from operating 2 reactors in western japan. analysts say legal challenges posed the biggest threat to abe 's vision and could put his energy mix in doubt. berkeley's sparked
attention this month when it said it would scale down operations in africa. the chief executive of the unit has come out to explain the background of the decision. linked to ais not downturn in a can on african markets. plans to sell down its stake in the african business to 22% within the next three years. >> it has been on the african continent for 100 years good it has not made the decision because of one economic cycle. the regulatory environment has changed globally. it is more difficult for large global banks to stay globally significant to all the subsidies. tom: markus: mario ramo -- maria ramos stating it is not a decision linked to the countries in africa. more on that presumably in the
next two months or so. prime minister says the government will offer compromise any proposal to reform the jobs market. manuel valls is time to win over support for a bill that is meant to make it easier for companies to fire workers. the government says more flexibly for firms will encourage hiring, but that message has been falling on deaf ears. unions are critical, and when the prime minister met with student groups on friday, the two sides were far apart. oliver farry has more. oliver: faced with a revolt from the young, the french prime minister manuel valls had no choice but to meet them. first up on friday, delegates from a student union. despite the links to unionism, they want it withdrawn. >> are fundamental differences remain. what the prime minister told us was we can discuss anything at a later stage, but not the labor laws.
students need to step up the mobilization that is currently underway. >oliver: they are called for another demonstration next week. another union visiting the prime minister's residence is considered more reformist. bey are demanding it not withdrawn, but modified, particularly with the universal right to job training. >> the way out of this by monday is still possible. aredoors not close but we cutting it tight. oliver: they hope it will assure in a new era of job security with temporary contracts become the norm. speaking afterwards, my manuel valls welcomed the opportunity to address the concerns of the youth. alls: this vital and fruitful dialogue should also allow us to sound out proposals. to hear people's concerns and criticisms.
why? to correct errors, to rectify things, change what needs to be changed. oliver: a spirit of compromise that raises some house but a deal is still some way off. markus: we are going to bring you up-to-date with stories in brief. general motors is moving forward its position in self driving cars. it is buying a silicon valley software company that has been testing the technology in san francisco. the price tag for cruise automation is reportedly more than $1 billion. gm is soon to be upping the stakes in its race with google and others to develop self driving technology. sector,in the car volkswagen is coming under fresh pressure. sales of its main vw brand fell in february by nearly 5% in the same month last year. gains in europe were offset by
03/11/16 03/11/16 [captioning made possible by democracy now!] amy: from pacifica, this is democracy now! >> last night you told cnn "islam hates us." did you mean all 1.6 billion muslims? >> i mean a lot of them. amy: in the final debate before tuesday's five key primaries, republicans spar in miami on trade policy, israel-palestine, cuba, torture, and donald trump's comment on islam. will host a debate between