tv Global 3000 LINKTV May 26, 2016 6:30pm-7:01pm PDT
>> welcome to global 3000. thisis week, we head to nepal. it has been a year since the earthquake, and timber is in short supply. the big question is how to protect the forest. we go to ghana. with prices at rock bottom, the mood is one of disillusionment. but first, we go to south korea, where demonstrations often have grievous consequences. in many countries around the
world, freedom of assembly is a fundamental right. article 20 of the u.n. declaration of human rights states everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association -- and association. in many countries, this basic right is often ignored. the cuban government regularly per -- cracks down on protesters, like this, just a few weeks ago. in turkey, the government represses protesters, like here in the gay pride parade. and security forces in hong kong show did no mercy during the months of student protests in 2014. meanwhile, south korea is not usually associated with such images, not usually that is.
>> a demonstration in seoul. the police put up barricades. ththat is illegal accordrding te constitutional court. in the evening, the antigovernment protests get out of control. from a distance of only a few meters, a water cannon hits this young man, putting him into a coma. it continues to pound him as he lies unconscious and seriously injured. a short time later, we are with his wife and daughters in a hospital. she has come from the netherlands with her family. we are not allowed into intensive care, but she leaves the microphone open and makes a promise to her father. she tells him she will make sure the government apologizes and that whoever did this to him goes to prison.
she says she is so sorry. in the south of the country is his hometown. his wife shows us photos of her husband demonstrating against trade agreements with china and chief -- cheap imports. he is in a coma with brain injuries. he is not expected to ever regain consciousness. >> you apologize when you step on someone's foot, but for something like this, after all this time, no one has spoken a single word of apology. >> she means the police and the government. this protest is directed against them. the accusation, use of excessive force. her elder daughter goes further. she says the government is curtailing basic human rights.
the right of assembly and freedom of expression. >> we have brought charges against seven members of the police, including the chief of police. someone has to take responsibility. this is about the general conduct of the police. if we are successful, that can spur on other people who are fighting for human rights. >> conservatives have been in power in south korea since 2008. keeping silent is now considered duty. there is more domestic surveillance. the police refused our request for an interview. we are not accessible -- acceptable to them. the organizer of the november demonstration says he is losing faith in his country. >> it was like this.
the terror attacks in paris took place a day before our protest. we had to listen to the president comparing as to islamic state terrorists. what can anyone say to that. >> a few discontented people in wheelchairs are being protected i is with shinguard's. when the church calls for people to vote and pray for democracies. the number of minders swells to north korean proportions. and when a protest is planned in front of the usually accessible presidential palace, she suddenly stands before law enforcement officers, and we are filmed while filming her. >> i am here because the police almost killed my own father. to hear that this is for my safety, that's weird.
the hind me is a tour group. only i, as a korean, am not allowed to stand inside the palace. that alone says a whole lot. >> repression and paranoia have already drawn and unwelcome visit from the united nations. >> inflicting great bodily harm with the use of water cannons, particularly coupled with massive deployment of force is almost guaranteed to increase tension between popolice and protesters. aggression begets aggression. >> amnesty international currently estimates that south korea currently denies 82% of applications for peaceful demonstrations. this is a country whose
constitution was modeled in part on west germany's. >> whether democracy, civil rights, or freedom of f the pre, we are g going backward. take reporting, for example. there are lots of protests, but usually, what is broadcast is critical. you cannotall thatat free press. >> amnesty resorts to tricks to expose this. 100 ghostly images. at least they can be heard. there are candlelight vigils for him, but he is not expected to recover from the coma police put him in. the question now is whether he will be allowed to die in peace. he is on life support, and the family cannot shut off the
machines because they do not have the necessary patient consent. >> i can imagine thahat the government would like to keep him alive e as long as possible, because they probably want people to o forget what happene. if he died now, protests would certainly take place. >> the blue house, as the presidential palace is called. after a long wait, she is able to come in and be observed, as if there were nothing more dangerous in south korea than remorse and concern. >> if i could go in and see president part, i would demand an apology for what happened to my father. >> that is exactly what the daughter's promise. they are going to need plenty of assistance.
>> patients is also needed by countries dependent on crude oil right now. since 1980, africa has seen a threefold increase in its twofold -- in its crude oil resources. other countries are also investing hope in black old. 12 of the 50 worldwide largest petroleum producers are african. one of these is gone up. its crude oil resources once suggested a brighter future for the e country, b but in now thee hopes seemem to have b been das. >> the boats prepare to set sail from a fishing community in ghana. they do not bring much home. catches here have been poor for a long time. people blame the o oil comompans
that began drilling ofoff the coast six years ago. >> at night, the oil platform is lit up bright as day. that attracts all the fish, but we are not allowed to get near it, so our catch has dropped dramatically. the boats here all used to go out. now they just lie idle on the beach. reporter nine years ago, the : companies discovered oil fields off the coast. the government promised hundreds of thousands of jobs, , awakenig huge hopes. young people in particular were to be abable to find well-paid work. so far only about 7000obs have been createded, even tugh h the oil companies made huge profits. but at the national petroleum commission, which coordinates ghana's oil production, they complain that the boom years are over for now. >> with the decline in the oil price from a high of a hundred dollars to a low in the thirties, when you compare 2015 to the last year, government treasury revenues have dropped from over a billion dollars to
about 20 million dollars. rererter: the e impact has been dramatic. a large portion of the petrodollars were meant to flow into agricultural development, accordrding to an n agreement between the countries of the african union. but now government support is failing to materialise, and ghana's agricultural sector, from which so many people earn a living, is making little prprogress. >> in 2014, the government allocated 28 percent of the total oil revenue we call aba , the annual budget amount, to agriculture. in 2015, this reduced to a about 3%. so, there are cecertain years agriculture allocation from oil is so high, then certatain years it goes down. we don't have consistency, there is a lack of planning and is really affecting agriculture productivity.
last year, 2015, agriculture grew 4%. that is very low. reporter both the collapse in : oil prices and mismanagement have hit the oil city of takoradi. it doesn't exactly look like a boomtown. many young people from thehe country's interior moved here, hoping for work. so-called oil schools offered expensive trtrning coursrses for workrk on oil platfoforms. they turned out to be dubious rip-p-offs. only a very few got jobs. >> our people seem to feel that the oil is taking the same trend as the gold. we've mined gold in the western region for over 180 yearars. bubut nothing is there to shsho. and so there is the fear in our people that the oil is also going to be the same story as that of the gold. and it's t t a good one. reporter: at least takoradi's railway station is being renovated. it was supposed to be a showpiece for petrodollar investstment. seaweld engigineering, whihich supplies the oil industry, has done relatively well.
founded in 2007, it now has branches in 13 countries. specialists for oil platforms are trained here. for instance, in the proper cleaning of tanks. everything has to run smoothly. seaweld constantntly receives applicatioions, but there are fw openings right now. >> i have other colleagues and other friends who really want to be in the industry. but it's challenging, you know. to get opporortunity to be heres not that e easy. >> all the youngng ones want toe in t this induststry to be ablbo make it, b because the mononey gettining there is good. reporter seaweweld hasn't had to : lalay anyone off y. theyey say they'll get thrououge oil prpriccrisis s sehow. >> we knew right from inception ththat prices keep on fluctutuag and that surely one daday we'd o down. so we got to gear ourselves and prepare ourselves.
reporter: and what about people in the villages? many of them hoped for jobs with an oil company -- but in vain. now even the fish are staying awaway, a twist of fate that m s things even harder for the fishermen on s sekondi beach. host and now to our global ideas : series. this is when we meet people working to protect animals and plants. today we're in nepal, where huge areas of forest are under threat. it's been a year since the devastating earthquake here. reconstruction work is slow, and timber is in short supply particularly in the gorkha , region near the capital , kathmandu. our reporter, sascha quaiser, travelled there. he met up with villagers who are learning how to use their forests sustainably.
reporter: the e past months have been tough for people in nepal. the effects of the earthquake a year ago are very much still visible. in the old royal city of bhaktapur all the historical buildings are either damaged or completely in ruins. but the nepalese haven't forgotten how to party. in april, the bisket jatra festival rings in the hindu new year. it's the country's biggest celebration. the countryside still looks much
like it did in the weeks after the earthquake. the village of katteldanda in the gorkha district was at the epicentre. farmer babubasu kattel is still waiting for aid money the government promised him. during the quake he was out in his fields. >> even from that distance, i saw a huge cloud of dust from the field above my house. at that point i thought something big has happened, and quickly rushed home. when i reached the house i felt another tremor. reporter his family built : themselves a temporary shelter from old wood. now they want to build a proper house. their livestock survived, but their stores of corn, rice and grain were lost.
now they need money -- and wood. wildfires, often send -- set intentionally rage everywhere in , nepal. they eat their way through the mountains, and are easily visible at night. animals die because they can't escape them. that puts biodiversity at risk. the next day, horrified villagers visit the devastated forest. just recently they had , painstakingly planted new trees. >> we don't know who was responsible. people are saying someone was clearing his field and the fire accidentally spread. we saw it from far away and quickly went to the spot and tried to put if out, but we couldn't. reporter it's extremely dry. : everyone is waiting for the monsoon to bring rain.
fires are sparked off by cigarettes or carelessness, or deliberately laid to clear new land for farming. the international centre for integrated mountain development has focused on reforestation for many years. it helps locals form committees to protect the forest. >> you cannot conduct agriculture here. there is no water. what we want to do is, we are trying to restore this land back into forest. so the committees have done some plantation and they look quite fruitful. reporter: but the best intentions come to nothing where goats are concerned. they're the saplings' greatest enemies. that's why they're no longer allowed into the forest, and can only roam freely if they're closely watched. the shepherds now bring them food.
these measures were decided in the forest committee. the villagers regularly discuss problems at their meetings, how much timber can be harvested, how fires can be prevented, and how to deal with people who start fires, because often they have no idea who they could be. today, for instance, they've have decided to issue ids, so they can control access to the forest. the success is visible. this looks like a plantation, but it's not. the trees grow rapidly and they're very robust. >> this was barren land, say 7, 8 years ago. since this patch was handed over to the local communities, they have developed an operational plan, which they follow. as you can see, this young forest has regenerated naturally. the organization's project workers have told them what wood
they can take, and when trees can be felled. so the villagers collect only dead wood and branches in the forest. and they keep to that. the forest is a carbon reservoir, protecting the climate. nepal is preparing for the un's redd+ program. countries that expand their carbon reservoirs receive money from an international fund. that's why the villagers are measuring this area. how many trees a are there, howw tall are they, and what is their circumference? >> for them the concept of carbon is very new. and we want them to actually know whether the forest is increasing or decreasing in carbon trend, and this is very important for measurement, for monitoring, measuring and reporting the carbon in the
committee forest, and it gives them a sense of ownership. and it also reflects the management. if it goes in a decreasing trend they should know that they are not doing a good job in terms of managing the forest. reporter: regular monitoring will take place over the coming years to see if the forest grows, in which case there will be funding from m various sourc, or if it shrinks because of fires. that would be bad for the climate, natature and biodiversity. >> my name is tony rasta post: we want to get to know you. become part of the global 3000 community and answer our
questionnaire. what does globalalization mean o you? >> to me, globalization means respecting differences. host what do you do for a : living? >> i've been a zookeeper for 25 years. host and how do you spend your : leisure time? >> i like to go fishing. host: just send us a video or ananswer the q questions on our website.e. >> m my name is s george psaila. i now w 87 years old.. living here in c corfu town. >> gardener here in cemetery.
after 20 years, died and i, because i young. [laughter] host: next week, we head to the colombian jungle, for a rare meeting with farc, the oldest guerilla organisation in south america. since the 1960s, farc has led an often bloody campaign for a marxist colombia. but what d does everyday l lifek like for these rebels? what hopes do the mainly young fighters have? and how likely is a peace agreement with the colombian government? all that and more next week on global 3000. do write to us at -- or visit us on facebook.
>> welcome to this latest edition of "quadriga." this week, we are talking about developments in turkey among fears that president tayyip one-manis creating a state. the german chancellor has been in istanbul, expressing what she calls s her deep concern about turkey''s commitment to democracy. in the meanwhile, the rest of europe are increasingly dependent on erdogan.