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tv   Democracy Now  LINKTV  May 30, 2016 8:00am-9:01am PDT

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05/30/16 05/30/16 [captioning made possible amy: from new york, this is democracy now! >> and we cracked the weapon, it was very fragile. it was made to withstand heat of re-entry into the atmosphere of outer space, it was like eggshells, really. we had taken as our motto the great statement of isaiah 2, "they shall beat their swords into ploughshares. so we did it." amy: today in this special l broadcasast, we mark the passing of two social justice champions. daniel berrigan was a legendary anti-war priest
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and poet, one of the founders of the plowshares movement against nuclear weapons. he became the first catholic priest to land on the fbi's most wanted list. then we remember the pioneering human rights attorney michael ratner. from attica to assange, the longtime head of the center for constitutional rights defended and spoke up for victims of human rights abuses across the world from haiti and guatemala to iraq and the palestinian territories. >> this is no time for compromise, no time for political calcululation. as howard zinn admonishes us, it is the job of thinking people not to be on the side of the executioner. amamy: today, mimichael ratner and dan berrigan, a remembrance. all that and more, coming up. welcome to democracy now!, democracynow.org,
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the war and peace report. i'm amy goodman. we b begin today's spececial broadcast remembering the life a and legay of the l legendary antnti-war pt father daniel berrrrigan. he died on april 30 just short of his 95th birthday. beberrigan wasas a poet, pacifist, educator, social activist, playwright, and lifelong resister against what he called "american military imperialism." along with his late brother, phil berrigan, father dan played an instrumental role in inspiring the anti-war and anti-draft movement during the late 1960's as well as the movement against nuclear weapons in the early 1970's. he became the first catholic priest to land on the fbi's most wanted list. georgetown university theology professor chester gillis o once said of father berrigan -- "if you were to identify catholic prophets in the 20th century, he'd be right there with dorothy day or thomas merton."
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in early 1968, father daniel berrigan made international headlines when he traveled to north vietnam with historian howard zinn to bring home three u.s. prisoners of war. in the documentary "holy outlaw,"ather dan recalled spending time in vietnamese shelters while e being bombed by u.s. je. >> so we were in this shelter and very unexpectedldly came on three children, who were c crouching in the, too, against a all expections,, and d one of the elder chihildn feeding rice to one of the younger ones. and i wrote this little verse within a couple days and tried to read it later at our trial. it seeeemed to sumum up everytg that catatonsville w was about in o one image, , one realitity. it's called, "children in the s shelter." imagagine three e of them. asas though survival were a a rat's worord, and a rat't's death wawaited therere at the end
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and d i must havave in the cenentury's boneyard heft of flflesh and bonene in my armrms i picked up the littttlest a boy, his face breaded with ricice his sistster calmly y feeding m as we climimbed down in my ararms fatherered in a m moment's grgrace, the messiah of all my tears. i borere, reborn a hiroshima child from hell. amy: on may 17, 1968, father dan berrigan, his brother phil and seven others took 378 draft files from the draft board in catonsville, maryland. then in the parking lot of the draft board office, the activists set the draft records on fire, using homemade napalm, to protest the vietnam war. they became known as the catonsville nine. the act of civil disobedience was chronicled in the 2013 documentary, "hit & stay:
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a history of faith and resistance." this begins with dan berrigan. >> we make our prayer in the name of that god whose name is peace and decency and unity and love. we unite in taking our matches, approaching the fire. we're all part of this. >> while people throughout the world, and especially vietnam now, are suffering from napalm, that these files are also napalmed, to show that these lives can fall on the same fate as the vietnamese. >> amen. >> napalm, which was made from information and from a formula in the united states special forces handbook published by the school of special warfare of the united states. we all had a hand in making the napalm that was used here today. >> napalm is a very old weapon. it goes back to the byzantines. but it really y came to public attention during the war in vietnam, in the pictures of napalmed people. so that was the kind of quintessential symbol
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of the war -- we were burning babies, literally, in vietnam. so that's why we wanted to come up with something symbolic and also something that would really destroy the files. >> our church has failed to act officially, and we feel that, as individuals, we're going to have to speak out in the name of catholicism and christianity. and we hope our action to inspire other people who have christian principles or a faith similar to christianity will act a accordingly, too, to stop the terrible destruction that america is s wreaking on the whole world. >> we regret very much, i think all ofof us, the inconvenience and even the suffering that we've brought to these clerks here. >> we sincerely hope we didn't injure anyone. >> our father who art in heaven, hallowed be thy name. thy kingdom come, thy will be done on earth, as it is in heaven. >> we have chosen to be powerless criminals in a time of criminal power.
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we have chosen to be branded as peace criminals by war criminals. amy: father dan berrigan and other members of the catonsville nine were arrested on the spot. dan berrigan wrote "our apologies, good friends, for the fracture of good order. the burning of paper instead of children."" the draft board raid invigorated the antiwar movement by inspiring over 100 similar acts of protest. it also shook the foundation of the tradition-bound catholic church. father dan would eventually serve time, about two years in a federal pson inin danbury, connecticut. in 1980, the berrigan brothers and six others began the plowshares movement when they broke into the generalal electric nuclear missile facility in king of prussia, pennsylvania. the activists hammered nuclear warhead nose cones and poured blood onto documents and files. they w were arrested a and chad with over tetedifferent felony
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and misdemeanor counts. they became know as the plowshares eight. i want to turn to a clip from the from the film, "in the king of prussia." this scene features dan berrigan reciting what he told the judg and jury during the trial. >> you've heard about hammers and blood in this room. these are the hammers of hell. these are the hammers that will break the world to bits. these are the hammers that claim the end of the world. the judge knows it. the prosecutor knows it. we've seen people walk away from these things. we've seen them disclaim them. we've seen them sayy they a are not responsible for them. we've seen all sorts of language circling them like a dance of death. they are murder.
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he knows it. he knows it. you must know it. we have been trying -- we eight -- to take responsibilityty for thesese things, to call them by their right name,e, which is murder, death, genocide, the end of the world. their proper use is known to the judge and the prosesecutr and to you. we would like you to know the name of our crime. we would like to assume responsibility for a world, for children, for the future. and if that is a crime, then it is quite clear that we belong in their jails. where they belong is something else.
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but in the name of all the eight, i would like to leave with you, friends and jurors, that great and noble worord, which is our crime -- "responsibility." amy: that is an excerpt from the film "in the king of prussia" directed by emile de antonio. we turn now to father daniel berrigan on one of f his last appearaes onon democracy now! on june 8, 2006, shortly after his 85th birthday. can n you talk about thatat first decisision you made in catonsviville, before catonsville, to do it, what you were doing at the time and how you made the decision? >> yeah. i was teaching at cornell, and philip came up. he was awaiting sentencicing for a prior action in 1967 in baltimore, where they poured their blood on draft files in the city. and he came up to cornell and announced to m me very cooly
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that he and others were going to do it again. i was blown away by the courage, and ththe effrontery, really, of my brother, in not really just submitting to the prior conviction, but saying, "we've got to underscore the first action with another one." and he says, "you're invited." so i swallowed hard and said, "give me a few days. i want to talk about pro and cons of doing a thing like this." so when i started meditating and putting down reasons to do it and reasons not to do it, it became quite clear that the o option and the invitation were outweighing everything else and d thatat i had to go ahead with him. so i notified him that i was in. and we did it.
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amy: now, this was after you had been to north vietnam. >> rightht. this was may of 1968, and i had been in hanoi in late january, early february of that year. amy: with historian howard zinn. >> right. amy: freeing prisoners of war? >> yes, we brought home three flyers who had been captured and imprisoned. it was a kind of gesturere of peace in the midst of the war by the vietnamese, during the so-called tet holiday, which was traditionally a time of reunion of families, and so they wanted these f flyes to be reunited with their families. amy: in catonsville, was this the first time you were breaking the laws of the united states? >> no, i had been at the pentagon in 1967 -- i think it was in october. and a great number of us were arrested
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after a warning from mcnamara to disperse. and we spent a couple of weeks i in jail. it was rather r rough. and we did a fast. and we were in the d.c. jajail, which h was a very mixed lot. so i had had a little bit of a taste during that prior year. amy: you and your brother, phil berrigan, had an unusual relationship with secretary of d defense mcnamara. you actulyly talkedd to him, wrote to him, met him? >> yes. i met him at a social evening with the kennedys in about 1965 and after this very posh dinner, which was welcoming me home from latin america. onee of the kennedys announceced that t they would e to have a discussision between the secretary of war and myself in front of everybody, which we did start. and ththey asked me to initiate the thing,
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and i said to the secretary something about, "since you didn't stop the war this morning, i wonder if you'd do it this evevening." so he looked kinind of pasast my left ear and said, "well, i'll just say this to father berrigann and everybody -- vietnam is like mississippi. if thehey won't obey thehe , you send the troops in." and he stopped. and the next morning,, when i returned to new york city, i said to a secretary at a magazine we were publishing -- i said, "would you please take this down in shororthand, becaususe in two weeks i won't believe that i ieard what t i heard." the secretary said, in response to my request to stop the war, "vietnam is like mississippi -- if they won't obey the lawaw, you u send the troops in.'" and this was supposed to be the brigightest of the bright, one of the whiz kids,
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respected by all in the cabinet, etc.c., etetc., etc. and d he talks like a sheriff out of selma, alabama. whose law? won't obey whose law?? well, that was the level at which the war was being fought. amy: so you went to catonsville, you went into the draft office. we heaear about drdraft card burnings. but this was draft file burnings. in you went in with a group of people. now, some of them -- you talked about having been inin exile in latin america, and some of them were there more about treatment of what was going on in the u.s. government in places like guatemala than vietnam, is that right? >> that's right. amy: why were you exiled to latin america? >> well, there was a lot of controversy and a very hot scene here in new york c city beginnig
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about 1967 into 1968. and i think the occasion of my being kicked out was the immolation of a young catholic worker in the city here named roger laporte. he went to the u.n. and burned himself. of course, the whole catholic worker community was devastated by this terrifying event. they wanted to hold a memorial service, and i was invited to officiate. and in the c course of it i cast doubt upon the judgment of the cardinal that this had been suicide. i said, i don't think we know. a i think this could have been some kind of misguguided heroism that sai, i'm going to give my life rather than take life. and that word, of course, got out and there was panic.
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there was panic in the authorities of the archdiocese of new york and in my order. and they said we've got to -- hehe's got t to -- he's become a very hot i item, we've got to get him out of town. amy: where were you exiled to? >> well, it was a one-way ticket to latin america. so i was dowown there i think about five months. and i was in at leasast 10 couountries purportedly reporting back to my editorial people in new y york about conditions down there. it was a wrong move. it generated huge publicity not just in the catholic community but across the country. and they were forced to call me back. so i came back with a stipulation that i go on with my p peace wo. they said, ok, ok. amy: so you certainly did in force. and from catonsville, you served how many years in prison for that? >> well, i think it was about two years.
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amy: and then withth your brother phil you founded the ploughshares movement -- your first action in 1980, king of prussia, pennsylvania. explain what you did at the g.e. plant. >> well, we had had meetings, i recall, all that spring and autumn with people about the production of an entirely new weapon, the mark 12a, whwhich was s really o only ul if it initiated a nuclear war. it was a first strike nuclear weapon. it was being fabricated in this anonymous plant -- huge, huge factory in king of prussia, pennsylvania. and there had never been an attempt -- in the history of the anti-nuclear movevement, there had never been an attempt to interfere with the production of a new weapon. with the help of daniel ellsberg anand other experts, we were able to understand
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that this was not a hiroshima-type bomb, it was something totally differerent. it was opening a new chapter inin this chchamber of horror. so we decided we would go in there in september of 1970. and we did. amy: september of 1980? >> 1980. excuse me. amy: what does that mean, "you did"? >> well, we didn't know exactly where in that huge factory ththese weapapons were conceal, but we had to trust in providence that he would come upon the weaponry, which we did in short order. we went in with the workers at the changing of the shift and found there was really no security worth talking about. very easy enentrance. in about thrhree minututes, we were e looking g at doomsm. the weapon was b before usus. it was an unarmed warhead about to be shipped to amarillo, texas, for its payload.
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soso it was a harmless w weapn as of that moment. and we cracked the weapon. it was very fragile. it was made to withstand heat of re-entry into the atmosphere of outer space, so it was like eggshells, really. we had taken a as our motto the great statement of isaiah 2, "they shall beat their swords into plougughshares." so we e did it.. poured our bloodod around it. and stood in a circle. i think reciting the lord's prayer until armageddon arrived, as we expected. amy: and you werere tried? >> we were tried and convicted in short ordrder and d sentenced, eventually, to three to 10 years. and we were out on appeal for 10 years. the trial was susuch a fararce that the state of pennsylvania really didn't knknow what to do w with it. and it went on and on and on.
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finally, in 1990, a retired judge, kind of weary of the whole thing, gave u us time s served. amy: father dan n berrigan speaking on n democracy now! in june 2006. we will retuturn to the interviw in a minute.  [music break]
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amy: this is democracy now!, democracy now.org. the war and peace repoport. i am a amy goodman. today a special broadcast remembering the lives of two champions of s social justice, father daniel berrigan and attorney michael ratner. in a moment, we will return to my 200606 interview with dan berrigan. but first, i want to go back to the documentary "hit & stay" looking at the time father berrigan spent living underground as a a fugitive frfrom the fbi whililhis conviciction in t the catonsville nine case was under appeal. >> during g the time he was in hiding, father berrigan changed his location often. he stayed with 37 different families in 10 eastern and midwestern citities. well, father dan, you've beenn underground d for some time no.
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what's i it like to o be undergd inin the uniteted states of ame? >> welell, i'd say ththat it lookoks as thougugh it couldld go on forer. it looksks good enough, looks ususeful enoh, for the movement. >> so there were s some, what, fofour months that they looked for dan everywhere. and he was everywhere and available to everyone, except the fbi. amy: an excerpt from the documentary, "hit & s stay." ththat last voice was peace activist liz mcalister, phil berrigan's wife. on may 6, , liz gave the eulogy at dan berrigan's funeral. we return now to my 2006 interview with fatather berrigan. after the e trial, you went underground. why did you decide to do that? >> well, the war had worsened, and the spring of 1970, the campuses were aflame. nixon had invaded laos.
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there was secret bombing going on. the war had widened. it was a bad t time to turn oneself in, and d we were comparing g that r to military induction. it was like saying, "well, i'm going off to war. i'm going to obey them and go off to war. i'm going to take the penalty for what w we did toto make the war evevidently,y, evidently unwinnabable and ununwageable." so a group of us said, "no go," and went underground. amy: and what does that mean when you go underground? >> well, it meant that the fbi was on your tail and ththat hoovever was outragaged and very angry and kept marking up sheets--that we got out, freedom of information, later saying, "get him get him!" and scrawling all these orders around and putting extra people on our tail. amy: but you were showing up in the strangest places. >> allll sorts o of placese,
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includuding preaching in church and getting on natational television with a good interview and so on and so forth. so it really increased the edgiginess of the whole thi. amy: can you explain what happened -- was it at cornell? they almost caught you there? >> that was at the beginning of all this. inin early sprining of 1979, they had a big rally in our favor at cornell. and i showed up unexpectedly and got away again, in spite of the presence of fbi all over. amy: how did you get out? >> i went ouout in a puppet of one of the 12 apostles. they had had a beautiful mime on stage that night showing the last supper. and somebody whispered in the darkness, "wouldn't you like to go out?" and i said, "well, let's try it." amy: so you went out as one of the apostles. >> yes. amy: and youou slipped past the fbi. >> got away, for months.
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amy: how did they catch you? >> there were letters exchanged between philip in prison and elizabeth. amy: philip berrigan, your brother. >> yes. his fiancée or wife at that point. and they gave a kind of a hint as to the fact that i would be visiting friends on block island, which proved true, so we had birdwatchers out there and they got me. amy: there was that famous picture of you with a peace sign and the authorities on either elbow, taking you in. and how long did you serve then? >> i think that was two years then. amy: we're sort of talking about this lightly, but what does it mean to serve time in jail? >> well, at that point, it just meant -- i i think that we had kind of demythologized the fact that now phihilip and i were undnder lock and ke, and that there was work to be done in there as there had been good work to do on the street.
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so we were dealing with prisoners who had no other access. we were teteaching, counselili. i was -- i was leading a bible study. there was all sorts of good work to be done with prisoners, so we did it. amy: we're talking to father dan berrigan, has probably been arrested more times than years he's lived on this earth, now 85 years old. father dan berrigan, i was wondering if you could read some of your poetry. your latest bobook is "a susunday in hell: fables & poems." why did you choose that title? >> well, it's the title of one of the -- the--one of the fables in here. i talk about a preacher who suddenly has to face the fact that he hasn't made it himself, and finds himself in very strtrange circumstances.. i won't give it away because i hope everyone will get the b book.
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but i'd like to read a poem in honoror of by brother phili, who died three years ago. and this was written when we both were in prison around 1970 to 1972, and i think the occasion was philip's birthday. but anyway, i presented this poem to him called "to philip." and it goes like this. compassionate and casual as a good face a good heart goes without saying someone seen on the street or infinitely rare once, twice in a lifetime that conjunction we call brother or friend biology, mythology cast up clues. we grew together, stars made men by cold design instructed sternly, no variance,
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instructed sternly in c course anand recourse in the heavens in our mother's body, by moon and month were whole men made we obeyed then,, and we are born. so he liked itit, and that was enough. amy: you survived your brother, phil. as you reflect on that relationship you had with him, as you're talking about this special bond, brother and friendnd, prison mate,e, activist, fellow activist, can you talk about what it meant to live with him and to lose him? >> well, it doesn't get easier. i'll start with that. i i think ththe best clue i had, let's say,
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out of readiding and m meditatg ababout philip, especially around the time he died, was a statement by augustine of hippo, saint augustine, who had lost a good friend. and he said in his memoirsrs that he had lost, "the half of my soul." so a while at least, after an event like that, a terrifying event, i think one feels like an amputee in the world. there's something very disabled going on, and you're asked to continue walking. and it's very hard, something like that. but in time, i think one gives up that feeling, because there's work to be done
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and there's another war. and philip would be the first to say, "walk it." and so i keep trying. amy: you've continued to get arrested. do you think these arrests, what you have engaged in, protests, even when people are not being arrested or jailed, h have an affect? i mean, you have gone through a number of wars now. do youou think things are getting g better? >> no. amy: or do you think they're getting worse? >> no, this is the worst time of my long life, really. i've never seen such a base, cowardly violation of any kind of human bond that i can respect. these people appear on television -- the unwritten, unspoken motto seems to be something about "we despise you.
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we despise your law. we despise your order. we despise your bible. we despise your conscience. and if necesessary, we will kill you to say so." i've never really felt that deep contempt before for any kind of canon or tradition of the human. amy: what do you mean, "we despise your bible"? it is often said it's done in the name of the bible. >> well, y yes, these people are -- they're making a scrapbook out of the bible in their own favor. and they're omitting all the passages that have to d do with c compasn and love of others, especially love of enemies, or the injunction to peter, "put up your sword. those who live by the sword will perish by the sword," all of that. all of that gets c cut out inin favor of, well, a god of vindictiveness, the god of the empire, the god who isis a projection of our will
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to dominate and to prove ourselves over your body. amy: do you think that it means, the fact that things are getting worse, the strategy has b been wrong? the strategy of peace activists? >> no, the point of -- my understanding of the spirituality of nonviolencne is that you cut yourself free of any kind of necessity of succeeding. you cut yourself free of the other end of the good work you're trying to do, and concenentrate uponon the goooodness ofof thek you're trying to do. amy: what rerecommendation woud you have for young people today? >> well, i don't have a great deal to say directly to young people. i have a great deal to say to their elders, their priests, their parents, their teachers, people
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that i'm grandfather to. and it would go very shortly like this -- the young people will be different if you are different. that is to s say, you elelder. and people like myself are not moved by anything except example. anand as a t teacher, i have t tried to o give a good example and get arrested first and then invite the students to look more seriously at this matter of f war. father dan berrigan speaking on amy: democracy now! in 2006. days after that interview, hundreds gathered in new york to mark his 85th birthday. dan recited one of his best loved poems, "some." >> and this poem was played before tonight, but i'd like to dedicate it to all of us, all of us who come h here and who keep at it. "some." some stood up once,
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and sat down. some walked a mile, and walked away. some stood up twice, then s sat down. "i've had it," they said. some walked two miles, then w walkeawaway. "it's too much," they cried. someme stood and stood and stoo. they were taken for fools, they were taken for being taken in. some walalked and walked and walked -- they walked the earth, they walked the waters, they walked the air. "why do you walk?" they were asked, and "why do you stand?" "because of the children," they said, and "because of the heart," and "because of the bread," "because the cause is the heart's beat, and the children born, and
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the risen bread." thank you.u. [applause] amy: father daniel berrigan reciting his poem "some." father berrigan died on april 30 just shy of his 95th birthday. visit our website democracynow.org for our full coverage of his death and his life. when we return, we will remember the pioneering human rights attorney michael ratner. stay with us.  [music break]
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amy: this is d democracy n no, democrcracynow.o.org, the war and peace repoport. i'm amy goodman. as we continue today's special broadcast by rememberiring the life and legacacy of the trailblazing human rights attttorney michael ratnr who died on may 11 at the age of 72. for over four decades, michael ratner defended and spoke up for victims of human rights abuses across the world. he served as the longtime head of the center for constitutional rights. attorney david cole told "the new york times" -- "under his leadership, the center grew from a small but scrappy civil rights organization into one of the leading human rights organizations in the world.
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he sued some of the most powerful people in the world on behalf of some of the least powerful." in 2002, ccr, the c center for constitutional rights, brought the first case against the george w. bush admininistration for the indedefinite detention of prisoners at guantátánamo. the supreme court eventually sided with the center in a landmark 2008 decision when it struck down the law that stripped guantánamo prisoners of their habeas corpus rights. michael ratner began workrking on guantánamo in the 1990's, when he fought the first bush administration's use of the military base to house haitian refugees. michael ratner's activism and human rights work dated back to the 1960's. he was a student at columbia law school duduring the 1968 student strike there. michael was a clerk for the legendary federal jujude constance baker motley. when he graduated from law school, she was the first african-american woman judge and protégé of thurgood marshall.
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in a 2004 letter, constance baker motley wrote -- "michael ratner was in retrospect,, the ablest law clerk i have had in my tenure on the bench." michael ratner joined the center for constitutional rights in 1971. his first case centereded on a lawsuit filed onon behalf of prisoners killeded and injured in thehe attica prison uprising in upstate new york. michael ratner was deeply involved in latin america and the caribbean, challenging u.s. policy in cuba, haiti, nicaragua, guatemala, puerto rico and elsewhere. in 1981, he brought the first challenge under the war powers resolution to the use of trtroops in el salvador,, as well as a suit against u.s. officials on behalf of nicaraguans raped, murdered, and totortured by u u.s.-backed contras. in 1991, michael ratner hehe led the c center's challee to the authoririty of president george h.w. bush to go to war against iraq without congressional consenen.
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a decade later, he would become a leading critic of the geoeorge w. bush administration, filing lawsuits related to guantánamo, torture, domestic surveillance, and the 2003 invasion of iraq. he also helped launch the group palestine legal to defend the rights of protesters in the u.s. calling for palestinian human rights. in recent years, he was the chief attorney for wikileaks founder julian assange and becacame a leading critic ofof the u.s. crackdowown on whihistleblowers, including chelsea maining and edward snowdenen. michael ratner was also the sbsband of k karen r ranuc, a longtime member of the democracy now! family. today we spend the rest of the hour looking at the life and legacy of michael ratner. we begin by y going back to 206 whwhen michael ratnener apared on democracy now! to talk about the u.s. torture program, guantanamo, his effort to sue defense secretary donald rumseld, and the nomination of albertoto gonzalez
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to become u.s. attorney general. i began by playing for r him a clip of president george w. bush being questioned about torture. >> that ththere are some respons that judge gonzales gave to his senate testimony that has troubled some people, spspecifically his allusion to the fact that cruel, inhumane and degrading treatment of some prisoners is not specifically forbidden so long as it's conducted by the cia and conducted overseas. is that a loophole you approve? >> al gonzales reflectsts our policy, and that is we don't sananction torture. he will be a great attorney general. and i cacall upon the sesenate to confirm h him. >> i think the clip you played of president bush beining asked: "what about t cruel, ininhuman degradining treatme, isn't there a loophole where you can still do that basically inhumane treatment toto foreigners overseas?" and d he answers, "we have a policy against torture," really says a lot t of it becaue what gonzales said here is that, "yes, i'm against torture," --
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and we can talkk about ththat in a sesecond -- "but i don't think the prohibition of t the torture cononvention prohohibiting cruel and ininhun and degrading treatment applies to foreigners held overseas." well, yoyou can drdrive a huge k through that. that's basicallyly saying if you are a non-citizen heleld outside the united states, you can be treated inhumumanel. what does it mean? it's defined in the law. all this kind of stuff, stress positions, stripping, hooding, all that kind of stuff is considered cruel, inhuman anand degrading treatment,t, violatates internationalal la, violates treaty commitments of the united states. this is not just about gonzales and what the government has done in the past. this is about what they're doing right nonow and currenently. so that is the first thihing i want to say about gonzaleses. the second thing is we're putting in someone who really has his h hands deep in the blood of the conspiracy of tororture in this countryr. he is s the one who wrote e e memo saying the geneva conventions shouldn't apply. he i is the one who asked for the memo redefining torture so narrowly that the worst abuses we've seen would not constitute torture under his definition.
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here's what they've done to this guy. not only h has he basicalllly said he a agreed with those conclusions, but they put him in as thehe chf law enforcement officer of the united states. that means that it is now a conspiracy to continue the cover-up so that this does not go to the higher ups at all, so that nobody, not rumsfeld, not cambone, not gonzales will obviously ever be investigated. these are the peopople responsible, these are the people who lower level soldiers are really angry at because they're the ones who o got led into t this by these guys at the top. amy: what about these guys who have been released from guantanamo? fourur men from britainin ha just t returned h home and an a australian as well. >> you know, i got called just as mamadou habib arririved in australia, and i i have to tell you it was incredible to me and incredibly moving. after three years in a prison where this manan habib where firsrst he was sent to egt and tortured for six months in egegypt, electroshock, the whole thingg and then recent revelations by mr.
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habib about the use ofof women and even, whetheher it was real or fakake, menstrual b blood, rubbing it on his face as a way of making him unclean, taking away water from him soo that he couldn't wash himself and that therefore he couldn't communicate with god in any sense at all. these are recent revelations that have come out. in fact,t, recently the last couple of days there are some revelations about one of the people who was in guantanamo, one of the interrogators, a soldier,r, trying to write e a book about thisis and revevealing how women were used in this way. that's mr. habib's story. juan: michael, there have been reports in the past we that conditions at guantanamo got so bad for some of the detainees that there were attempts at a protest in terms of suicide hangings. do you have any information onon that or any speculation about -- >> there's been attempts at suicide throughout the guantanamamo perd and serious ones, and the united states decided they don't like the word "suicide" so they called themm self-injurious behavior or, you know, words that don't use t that.
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this one happened about a year ago. it was 23 peoplele who attempted to commit a mass suicide. got stopped.d. sosome of them had to be hospspitalized. but that is about the conditions. when we talk about alberto gonzales, we cannot separate him from guantanamo. guantanamo is where the stuff began. it's where -- it is an experiment in torturere and cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment and it is not just habib in ausustralia. the other people who were released, the other fourur british people also subject to all of t this kind of ststuff from dogs to stripping to the whole range of stuff. the sad ththing is, it's still going o on. itit's still g going on, whetetr it's in guantanamo or a abu ghraib. juan: but it s seems that the me revelations come out about how systemic this kind of treatment was, the less attention it is getting in the u.s. corporate media compared to obviously when the abu ghraib scandal first broke. you are getting less and less actual cocorage or even outrage about how systemic this has been.
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>> you knonow, i don't get it. it's not only systemic, you had gonzales essentially admimitting itit, essentially saying this is the way we do it. this is what we're willing to do. and these guys are going to confirm this guy. i think almost anybody who votes for him could coconceivably be, if this were germany, part of a conspiracy to commit and cover-up war crimes that are being committed at the highest level of officials. wewe're having that t vote next week. we have a senatete that's's 55-45 in favor of the republicans. i don't know what the vote will be like. that eight democrats finally voted agagainst him -- i think had there been a screaming ououtcry in the beginning against gonzales by all these -- all human rights organizations, all the democrats, it's possible the guy could have been beaten. but i agree with you. the media has been a disaster here. i'm saying to you right now no one is complaining in any of the major media about the fact that we are saying we can inhumanely treat people right now as we speak who are non-citizens all over this globe. amy: speaking of germany, michael l ratner, you went to berlin. we spoke to you when youou filed suit against donald rumsfeld,
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the war sesecretary, the defense secretary. he is now not going to a conference in germany in february because the german government did not quash this suit. can you exexplain? >> there is actually a lot going on here in germany right now. there was an article in the "washington post" today y that said that the pentagon deninies that he isn't gogoing bebecause of the lawsusuit. what i think is really happened here is floated a -- it's not a rumor, it may be trueue he's not going- but floated it as a wayy of putting pressure on the german govevernment to s, "get rid of this lawsuit." this is seriouous businessss, we're considering not sending rumsfeld there. but on the high ---- onon the level of calling them, "no, no, no, this isn't what this is about." and i think what the conferences february 11 and d 12, it is the major security conference for europe, the secretary of defense has been going for 40-some y years. my view is we're reaching a point in this lawsuit in germany where something is going to o give. we're filing major new papers, actually, today and monday. one of them, of course, names alberto gonzales now
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as an additional defendant in the case. his testimony is one that really they could have put into a war c crimes trial in germany d said, "y"y're convicted." somemeone told me this incredibe story about germany and what happened with torture. one of the key people, keitel, who got a death sentence in germany, was the man who scrarawled on a memo to the h high command about t russian soldiers that said, "geneva conventions? obsolete rubbish."." remember the word that gonzales used to describe geneva, "obsolete." and when they sentenced keitel to death, what they said was one of the reasons we're giving you the death penalty is for basically saying the geneva conventions are obsolete. so this is a verery serious isse in germany. amy:y: that was michael ratntr speaking in 2006 on democracy now! i last interviewed michael on the program on july 20 last year in washington, d.c., at the reopening of the cuban embassy after it was closed for more than half a century.
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it was boiling hot. michael was drenched in sweat. but it was one of the happiest times i never seen him. michael talked about the significance of this historic day. >> well,l, amy, lelet's just s, other than the birth of my children, this is perhaps one of the most exciting days of my life. i mean, i've been working on cuba since the early 1970's, if not before. i worked on the venceremos brigade. i went on brigades. i did construction. and to see that this can actually happen in a country ththat decided early on that, unlike most t countries inin the world, it w w going to lelevel the playaying field for everyoy. no more rich, no more poor, everyoyone the same, educatitn for everyone, schooling for everyone, housing if they could. and to see the relentless united states go against it, from the bay of pigs to u utter subversion on and o, and to see cuba emerge vectorial us -- and when i say that, this is not a defeated country.
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this is a country -- if you heard the foreign minister today, what he spoke of was the history of u.s. imperialism against cuba, from the intervention in the spanish-american war to the platt amendndment, which made u.s. a permanent part of the cuban government, to the taking of guantánamo to the failure to recognize it in 1959, to the cutting off of relations in 1961. this is a major, major victory for the cuban people, and that should be understood. we are standing at a moment that i never expected to see in our history. >> let me tell you, as someone said to me here, if obabama wants to solve guantánamo and the prisoners at guantánamo, give it back to cuba. there will be no prisoners left in guantánamo. easy w way to do it. satisfy the cubans, satisfy guantánamo. let it happen now. think about cuba's place in history. when we think about it for young people, not t just for the fact that it leveled a society economically,
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gave people all the sosocial netwowork that we don't have in the united states, but think about its international role. you think about apartheid in south africa and the key single event took place in angola when 25,000 cuban troops repulsed t the south african military and gave it its first defeat, which was ththe beginning of the end of apartheid. it had an internationalism that's just unbelievable. and i remember statanding in frt of -- in the 100,000 people in front of a square in havana in 1976. i was on a venceremos brigade. and fidel gave a speech, and he said, "there is black blood in every c cuban vein, and we are going into o angola" i'm telling you, i stilill cry over it. amy: michael ratner speaking at the cuban embassy in washington, d c, at its reopepening after more than half of l last july. michael was diagnosed with cancer just weeks later. we end today's program
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with a speech michaeael ratner gave in 2007 when he was awarded the puffffin/nation prprize for creative citizenship. >> over the last few years, i've become acquainted with a manan named henri alle. henri alleleg is a french alalgn in his 80's who was water-tortured --- or as this administration says, waterboarded -- by the french. here is how henri alleg described his water torture,e, a practice that goes back to the inquisition -- "the rag was soaked rapidly. water flowed everywhere -- in my mouth, in my nose, all over my face. i tried, by contracting my throat, to take in as little water as possible and to resist suffocation by keeping air in my lungs as long as i could. but i couldn't hold on for more than a few minutes. i had the impression of drowning,
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and a terrible agony, that of death itself, took possession of me." think about henri alleg when you hear the cia talk about enhanced interrogation techniques. or think about a terrible agony, that of death itself -- that of death itself -- taking over you when you hear our nenew attorney genereral refuse t to condemn n waterboarg or when you hear that someme of our demococratic leaders were briefed and made not a peep -- not a peep of objectioion. let there be no doubt, the bush administratation tortures. it disappears people. it holds people forever in offshore penal colonies like guantánamo. it renders them to be tortrturd in other countries. this is what was done to ccr's client maher arar,
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who was rendered to syria for torture. and sasadly, a majority of our congress, our courts, and our media have g given bush a free hand - and in fact, worse, have been n the handmaidens of the torture and detention program. but it has notot been gigiven a free hand by the c center for consnstitutional rhthts. it has not been given a free hand by the nation. it has not been given a freeee hand by jeremy or naom. today we're in thehe midstst of a pitched battle, a pitched battle to putut this country back, at leastst ostensibly, o on thee of fundamental rights and moral l decency. the battle is difficult and the road is long and hard. on occasion, i get pessimistic. sometimes i and my colleagues feel like sisyphus. twice -- not just once, twicice-
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we pushed the rock up the hill and won rights for guantátánamo detainees in the supreme court, and twice the rock was rolled back down by congress over those rights. so we e pushed it back up agag. five days ago, we were inin the supreme cot for the third time. it was difficult, more difficult than before because the justices have chahanged. four are antediluvians, lost forever to humanity. [applause] but before i get us all depressed, we've had our victories. we've e gotten lawyers to guantánamo, stopped the most overt torture, and freed half of the guantánamo detainees -- over 300. [applause] we have gotten maher arar out of syria. canada has apologized for his torture,
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given him a substantial recovery -- in canadian dollars, which is no embarrassment anymore. [laughter] they said he was an n innocent man, but he remains on the u.s. terror list. we have slowed, but not yet stopped a remarkable grab for authoritariaian power. i also don't look hope -- i alalso don't't lose hohop, because i think about the early days of guantánamo. at first, we were few. but now, we are many. at first when ccr began, we were the lolonely warriors taking on the bush administration at guantánamo. now we are many. now we, just on antánamo alone, are over 600 lawyers, most from major firms of every political stripe. [applause]
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these lawyers have an understanding of what is at stake -- liberty itself. this s struggle -- this struggle will be seen as one of the great chapters in the legal and political history of the united states. [applause] totoday, war, totorture, didisappearancnces, mumurder sururround us like pla. most in this country go on their way oblivious. some don't want to know and are like ostriches. some want to justify it all. some want to make compromises. but be warned, we are at a tipping point. a tipping point into lawlessness and medievalism. we have our work to do. for each of us, the time for talking is long, long over. this is no time for compromise, no time for political calculation.
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as howard zinn admonishes us, it is the job of thinking people not to be on the side of the executioners. the puffin/nation prize reminds us all that the job for each of us is not to be on the side of the executioners. thank k you all. [applause] amy: michael ratner speaking in 2007 when he was awarded the puffin/nation prize for r creative citizizenship. michael died on may 11 at the age of 72. you can visit our website democracynow.org to see our full coverage looking at the lives of m michael ratner and father daniel berrigan. and that does it for today's show. democracy now! is looking for feedback from people who appreciate the closed captioning. e-mail your comments to outreach@democracynow.org or mail them to democracy now! p.o. box 693
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new york, new york 10013. [captiononing made possible
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