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tv   Quadriga - The International Talk Show  LINKTV  September 10, 2016 2:00pm-4:01pm PDT

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♪ >> hello and welcome to "quadriga." last week's election took place in thehe chancellor's home stat, but it was a debacle. democrats came in third in the local election, beaten for the first time by the right-wing afd. they managed to win more than 20% of the vote, mostly by backing merkel -- bashing merkel has refugee policy -- bashing
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refugee policy, but the chancellor repeated the words she uttered years ago to get into office, "we can do this." it's a a pleasurere to welcome r "the, a business editor at berlin daily," who says the afd has peaked. the greatest danger for angela merkel is her own party. the opinion editor for a newspaper thinks merkel will have to deal with people's concerns about her refugee policy. otherwise, the upcoming federal election will be a disaster for her party. have thea pleasure to reporter of the merkel elections for politico, who believes merkel could have seen it coming. for months, her critics have waited for an opportunity to undermine her position. rathermedia are mostly
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steady, but they have been using rhetoric toagnerian describe this. the b beginning of ththe end foe gods and for the chancellor according to some. how serious is the result really ? is this truly some kind of watershed? >> it is serious. i do not know if it t is some kd of watershed, but it is ace .ereus result the right-wing populist party from the start gets more than 20% and beats the party of the governing chancellor. this is serious. just because one of 16 vendors in germany with not so many inhabitants in it, so it is more of a symbol, but it is a symbol .ecause every party is losing gaining was the afd.
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merkel is seen by most p peoples of thebolic figure refugee policy, if she likes it or not. she took credit for it and was praised for it by the united nations secretary-general, the president of the united states, various magazines all over the world. because sheunfair is governing in a grand coalition, but that is how it is. >> we will come back to if it is fair or not. watershed? has peaked.afd they are looking pretty strong at the moment. >> that's true. on the other hand, the refugee --ic is at its peak, and is it is the only topic this party has. they do not have a program. they are only a party saying what they do not want and what they do not want is refugees. if everyone stops talking about refugees because other topics come up as being more important,
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i cannot see how the afd is poised to have more than 20%. i think that is the most they ever get. in east germany, they have usually 20% to 24%, but in the west, they usually have 1 12% to 15% and not more. for example, now there will be an election in berlin, and they saying they will have just 12%. >> as mentioned, this is an eastern state, a part of the formerer communist part of east germany. it is also very rural, sparsely populated, and it is also angela merkel's home state. you were there. how representative is it for the rest of the country? >> i would say it is represented -- representative because the campaign was not about state
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issues. it was about federal issues, national issues. about refugees. those are questions mainly being decided in berlin, not the state capital, and ill, the whole campaign was about those national issues. terms of its size or population it is a small state, i think it was a very important election. >> before we go on, let us perhaps take a closer look at or alternative for germany. here is a short film. negative election campaign drew lots of voters. they made it clear what they did not like. they spoke out against foreigners, who make up only of the population. they did best in tourist towns. anti-muslim sentiment is strong. people are concerned about burgers and bikinis -- burkas and burkinis.
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anti-eu sentiments are also running high
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describing the feeling of fear that somehow without any concrete object, but the fear of change, and it's true that merkel does not say why we will never had any more refugees, and i think that is because she cannot promise that there will not be any more refugees because the war in syria is going on.
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dangeroust would be to say there will be no refugees and then they are coming. want to come back if you do not mind. we have a little film about the chancellor, and i would like to come back just a bit later, but let's perhaps stay for a wild with the question of afd supporters and who they are. if i listen to your r descripti, it reminds me a lot of what we hear about trump supporters in the u.s., and one of the isstions in the u.s. -- what the connection between those with these vague fears and the far right, the neo-nazi right, ? ich also exist in the u.s. what would you say is the case? did actuallyparty used to have representation in parliament. it has been rather strong. is that what we are seeing, a connection? >> i think there is a connection, and i think it is important to note this, but i think there's more. there are some who say around have some voters who
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right wing tendencies who were untapped so far, and they would not vote for the npd because they are stigmatized because they openly express neo-nazi tendencies. the afd was founded in 2013 as the skeptic party, let's not forget that. it had an image of the professors party because it was founded by economists, and this serves as a platform to kind of are, like, right wing extremists among them, but i think the large majority among afd voters are not far right extremists. they are far right voters who do 'st feel represented by merkel christian democrats anymore. >> just a word on these figures who were quite big in the state and during the election campaign. they look like pretty clean-cut,
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mainstream guys. i know you have met them. what are they really like? i would agree, a former radio host, well spoken, economist by training. he is very sort of soft spoken, but at the same time, he leaves no doubt about his ultraconservative stance, particularly when it comes to family issues. the other candidate represents the far right wing within the afd. i saw him at a campaign event in the state capitol. he was really brought into sort of cater to this far right potential of voters within the afd. when you look at ththe audience, there were not that many people ththere. 150 or 100 people, which is not much for a campaign event. you can see there were a lot of far right positions among those people in the audience. my impression was -- and this is very much what you earlier said -- the common denominator was
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that they were all against something. in particular, they were all against refugee policies, but there were some against what they call gender mainstreaming. when a woman says she's not ok with her kids being taught about homosexuality y in school. others against russian sanctions. >> i'm glad you mentioned russia because here is another fascinating fact we discovered while doing the research for this program. a survey by a renowned institutions many supporters of the afd trust putin more than merkel. what is going on their? >> i think what they really look for is a strong leader with nationalistic ideas. .hat is putin his program basically is russia first. russia has to be strong. no foreigners in russia. everything has to be russian, and he is a strong leader, and that is something they really of course,tive, but we also have to see that with east germany.
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>> if they were just looking for anrong leaders, even erdog from turkey, and they do not -- >> also in west germany, there is strong support for putin. not only east german ties to russia -- >> i think it is interesting that percentage-wise, they have not just gained many votes from the nonvoters, but also from the very left party because they are anti-globalist, anti-american, pro-russian. they even took over a lot of elements from the left-wing , so this is a combination of populist right-wing and left-wing motivations. trusts -- i'm thinking of and leadership. angela merkel's popularity ratings,s, which were once
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seemingly unshakable, has been headed downward recently. let's take a look. >> of course the outcome of this poll is linked with our refugee policy. i'm the party leader and thehe chancellor. you cannot divide the two, so i'm responsible. he'll, i believe we made the right decision. -- still, i believe we made the right decision. >> a lot of voters disagree. >> merkel has lost t control. she believes everyryone can just come here and do whatever they want. >> i believe angela merkel's time is over. >> the latest polls indicate the chancellor's popularity has dipped to a five-year low, and many of her party colleagues are a course correction. has germany lost confidence in angela merkel. >> the angela merkel we saw at
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the beginning of that report was speaking from the g20, , visibly humble, visibly concerned, and she said, for example, she takes responsibility and knows she has to demonstrate to people that the problems are being solved later in the week. she assured parliament that germany will remain germany despite the influx of refugees. you say that is not enough. what do you want to hehear her say? >> first of all, i d do not want to hear her say we will not take any refugees in. it is impossible to do with the syrian war going on, with all the turmoil in africa and so on. this is just impossible, but she that scenese voters like what we saw a year ago from hundred numbering be thousands and more, in a month will not be repeated. i mean, this is not a small decision, and it is regarded as her decision that she made and
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she was overwhelmed of the whole situation and people just want to be assured that it is like this will happen again, not without asking, not without representation, not without asking even the parliament to do these kinds of things, and that is what she refuses to do. >> would it, do you think, really make a difference if she were to say words like that? you saw the campaign in mecklenburg. how can politicians who resist good argumentsnd vis-a-vis politicians who are populismilling to tap and anger and fear? >> i think my interpretation is that what we're seeing right now , merkel losing popularity has to do with this contactt between -- conflict between policy on the one hand and politics on the other side. people withinof her party agree with it, she has done a lot of things since last year, implemented a lot of new asylumssigned
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laws, accelerated deportation, brought down the number of refugees arriving in the country. her problems are politics. her problem is how to communicate these things. the moment that a lot of people felt was kind of the straw that broke the camel's back was her repeating the sentence "we can do it. we will manage the situation," this summer when year later where a lot of people were asking why she was repeating this. a lot of people felt it might be accurate, might be true, might even reality, but why say that? people misunderstand statements like this as if she was not listening to their concerns, and i think this is exactly the sort that the afd is capitalizing on. >> isn't that unfair? we say these voters want a strong leader.
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when she then utters a sentence meant to encourage, to build confidence, everybody is on her for that. >> exactly. that is why i say this is above all a communication failure. i talked to a bunch of linguists , and they say in terms of political communication, it is so unfortunate because it has an unclear reference. it says "we can do it," so what is it? it's being misappropriated, .isused by her opponents >> i think the problem is completely different. the problem is she did everything there was to do, and then she has her own party always saying it's not enough, we are failing. the bavarian branch of the conservative party continuously claim that nothing is being done despite the fact that everything is being done.
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what is the population supposed if those governing always claim that they themselves do not govern? >> exactly. that party, if i can just we then a quote from it right here, leader, himself quite a populist figure, said himself this week that folks do not want the politics that religion is serving g up. his party is part of the govevernment. > exactly. nothing you can do. that is something you cannot overcome. that is stronger than the chancellor. >> you have to understand there's two interpretations. outside germany, nobody understand that we are discussing a phrase like we can do it. it is encouraging, gives you optimism. interpretationnd is like no big deal.
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we can do it. it is diminishing the size of the problem. she shows she is not understanding how big the problems are. >> let's just get away from the semantics for a moment and talk about the other parties and their contribution to thee difffficulties that the chancelr is in. you said earlier perhaps it is not there to blame her, and the fact is both of her coalition parties, not only the junior sister party i in bavaria, but e are acting like they are not part of the government. we have heard social democrats also doing quite a bit of merkel bashing this week. >> yes, they have found a new narrative. they are saying they supported her decision at year ago opening the waters and letting refugees in, but then she makes tremendous failures recognizing the size of the problem, and that is what went wrong. it both trying to have ways, to be on her side with her
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decision a year ago, but to distance from her in implementing all these refugees -- all these refugee policies. >> lest we forget, we are entering campaign mode in this country. national elections are coming up next year, and with the christian social union, it is important to note that throughout six years of their party history, the most important thing is for them to .old up their power in bavaria >> i think the problem really is that everyone thinks that one million refugees must be a big problem. that is something you also had said. she should acknowledge there is a big problem. it is not a big problem. you can see that. we have taken in one million , and nonetheless, the budget has a surplus. to be honest, we could have
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taken 2 million refugees and the in at would still be surplus. it is kind of weird everyone in germany thinks there's this big problem despite the fact that we can finance the refugees without raising taxes. the problem isk or what causes the tension here is financial. just onehere are million people from the orient, from syria, iraq, eritrea, places like this -- afghanistan -- and they are just strangers in a country like germany. this is the kind of beer. >> this is the fear you talked about. before we run out of time, i would like to ask you -- because you mentioned the federal election. our title asked how isolated is merkel. i would like to ask you briefly how you see the implications for the next elections and for merkel's own political fate? could it be she will not be standing for her party? >> she will run because there is no one else in the party who
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could become chancellor. >> i'm pretty sure she will run for chancellor but also it would be impossible for the u.k. to .ote to leave the eu in politics, everything is possible. >> and the state of the afd? >> the afd is here to stay. here to stay, but merkel has a job explaining politics and policy and where the borders of humanity lie. beginning of the end for merkel? >> no. not now. is diminished in power and influence, but she is still a very strong figure in european politics. >> that sounded like consensus. many thanks to all of you for being with us today and many thanks to all of you for tuning in. see you soon.
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♪ >> too many outsiders, culture and los angeles is something that begins and d ends with h te movivies. but the city has alwayays been home to radical ideas and art, architecture, literal -- literature, and urban life. the profile of the city has run bigger and writer. with new cultural institutions, new approaches to art, and new ways of thinking about the landscape. join me asas we hit some of thee city's most importatant cultural landscapes.. "artbound."." [captions
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made possible by kcet television] we can exploree forever. >> amamazing people coming from all over the world. a maker and a designer. >> the better art happensns at e boundaries where the real gives up to the idealal. ♪ >> next on "artbound" -- >> los a angeles, a a chilled ot orange grove that became a movie capital and manufacturing center. now it's changing againin, in favor of a new kind of urbanism. los angeles is remaking itself. new train lines connect east and west.
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on per is coming back to life. christopher hawthorne takes us to this new panorama. >> what is the third los angegele it's essentialla a shorand.d. describing tyoyou shthanand s angeles is workingndnd rugglili to establish. the city is taking real, memeasurle, , ofn contntversial .teps includg the prate car,he freey, the sgle-fami house the lawn. it no loer dream of finite pansion e way of long dead, ofrowiwingts wayayut of every problem. increasinglyfffferina vavariy of ways to move arndnd theity.y. car share, bike share, new trsit t lis. it is too easy s say simply
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atat losngeleless movivi into a new asase of identity, from a b b. that i i can -- that idea loss er onenemportantact. manyf the ements we're loing to add or improve, archectuturecivivic buildings, longeles pduced in remarkab quantits at the d of the 19tanand stt ofof t 20th century's. in our cicic dna something bebeforehe c carbeforerehe freeway, before the concret l. river, the lawn andhehe smoke. as i see it, that's s the rst s angeges. fromhe880'through rld waii. that's thfirst los angele thsecondndos angeles, the l.a. atat proced d althosee familiar erereotys ababou car and the shrunk civic rlm, it rs the rghly the yr 2000.
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athe heart othe thirl.a. coept is t idea th the ci is noongerushing o at thedges, sawling a up emyn by gobbli land but lding ba ontself, looking developore intensely in i r race grow. this emeing cityhat we a seeingow, the cit rediscering its public spaces, viving pt cacar lture e d the singleamamilyousese, xiouss about economic inequali, , in many ways having to reararn th ararof sharing t thiany raraer -- tsaving chop it up ememerng citis best derstood as the thi los aeles. for much of the 19th an20th ntururies, l.aculture ke most of ameranan culture was
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obsessed with a ki of westrdrd pansion d the e nventional wisdom of the way to realolos angelelewas to move from east west. to startowntown,ear the river, a move towards the edgege, e beacac meaning saa monica was oneff e last cultural frontis s of experirintation. you wera young tist or architect in the 1970's s or 1980''s, chances are good you would set up hernenear the edge, ne thehe bch. it was effective ta. culture was informe by idea of expementatio at this ststern ge.. thanks to rising rents and gentfificati, ththiss no long t that nd o of ty. venice is no lonr r the place where ung artis s are ttining up shop. th a are dng i it rtherrasast in moror affordable rts of the city. meaning that the culraral ceer moving dramatically frowewest easast. the city is doubling back on seself.
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instead of lookingor new, frfresherritory, w edges to exndnd towards, it is looking ininsteato r redelop a aas of the ci t that ignored in many waysys iits rush to the weste ed. >> loo at the ocnfnfront all that you see is horizonff ter r ansky. it's inspining. that's totallinspirin fresh air is totally inspiring. abbo kinney,ho wanteto devep and ma mon, heent toood schos and udied the classics, studied in europe. hehe h studied iheidelbe, turk. wanted replica the beautyf f tharchitectu that he had sn aroundhe world sohe wou dig cans and then haveve waterways set of streets.
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there was a seeses of jor r an minor c cattrophehe they put all the money into ee or, winwd avee. e sto destroyed it. the e la valaluehad plummeted om the 20's, 30's, the wartime. area-s anttracte it wasn't an attctctive area, nenecessilily. artist livedere. jazz musiaians, ets,s, writers. >>hat th wasas alace w wre artists me in th50'and 60's becausyoyou cod geget big warehouse spe fofor xt too nothing and yocan serve. it was low-cos placeo be a eative pson.
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>>t is usuly called wher the debr meets t sea. surrounded by alcohols, bon, and meally ill people. iteally was ly that was cheap. he was able to ren303000 saree feet off space on manene, tw bloc from the beach, for $75 a nth. >> my rst pla is six- my fit place s $64 a mon. you n even sy here f one ght for64. yeah, $64 a month. >> i remember e e firsday i was hehe. i ke up in the morning. it was a beautifulororning and the e was dead bodjustst laying there. detectives we sming cicirettes, walking arou andnd cckingg jokes. th was my rst morng in nice. i'm notryiyingo make arime scene out ofenice, but it
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literayy was. the only people atat wercrazazy enough to really move into the ararea we arartis. people like really bankston, e moses, larry ll, bob graham. e rest ofhe neighborhood ss hooks s andrug d dlers. crazies. the crs s and e blbloo. bacally, venice waa very differt t placthanan iis nowow young artists could acally ist t do here.e. tserocally,ome of artis becameroperty ners thselves. theivery prence madet an atactive pla. theyrought i architects creang i intestingngooking houses
3:10 pm on thenou had sckbrokerand te people ming in, chasin th b bohemiais him -- bohemiani.-- c cours it t habeen destroyed through thchchase. >> i came to vene e when wasas about seven year old. spliing withy mothernd fath l.a -- living wh my therer a fatathein l.a.. the first thing that r rememr ar their divorce, there was acach do there. thata's what we wanted to .. go down there, jump in the ter, feethe e sa. grandfaer, alfoe joseph
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first blackshe cecementontrtracr hereren los angele heound a aot of work. at this time the canals ee beg bubuil there are still a lot v vacan houses. werere into 2016. wewe havall of theseig mansns goingp. i oblem wi that ishey are tearing wn perfely good houses, buding the mansions. onofof theirstst this they d is put up an legal fee, tall bushes a things. you neveget a ahance to see themem. i like to know my neighbs.s. know m mt of them on this blk here. since gentrificati i is he, u don't get a chanctoto know them. there still are few pioneer mililieseft ear. bunonot ve manany. not very many.
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>> there wasn' even a place to get a mbmburge ththe was nothing down here. ifif y walk down market stre tohe boaoawalk and lookk towards santa monica and saw 20 ouldle all the waythat be big day nobodyame down here. w was ety.. we are now in fronofof 77 rketet street. i used to own number 76 mkeket reetet. snapchat started acquiri a all the prprerty around here. threntnt g too h hh. i think they have l l of t bubudings on this street. i don't know how iisis goi too play out. as it hascarries on be g goingyou u kn, litttt towns like this, a little house
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likeke this built in the 's will be worth $25illion f a litt shack lik tha >> fortunate, , los geleles s lots of underdeveleded ighbororods. erybody doesn't ha t to li ininhe same blocks. venice or atwate whever t t artist go, utiqiquewill follow and artists lead the way. evereryby elsese follows, the wy is s tritionanay. >> los angeles h a alwaybeenen known as the city of nehbhborhood e of the ones wi t the ststrongest cultural identity is thisarart. it was id out -is this park. 1920's.d out in the
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a a neigorhohoodhat was protecd d by rial l conants.s. it wasn't titil thracece rts of 19 65 and accelatating itee flight that the neighborodod came w wt we know it today as, a rerealenter r african-ameranan polics s an art. as we await the arrivalf f the crenenaw line light-rail route, bringing hopes o new invtment d develoent and xieties abougentrifitition a displacement, e e queson i is whetheheit can maintain that rereputati a as thhearart the centerff african-american culture in los anges and the reon.. >> how are you doi?? >> i'm good how aryou?
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>> good morning. i'm m gog to g g started. to the house.ow annene wit anything that the counity shldld be are e of weekwas contacted last [inaudible opportunity toet more properti, commity owne with me propeies. thought we were doining,ccumululing all of the prproperes f for us. now that people are going to s the alonon coming. [indiscernible] everybody's gettg g seris now. this h h been going on f 30 years. since 1987. we havbebeen ting g toave this for aican-americans. ththiss noththg no -- nothing ne
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's secret. we've been workingn n thisor a a long timim >> just haa a quick esestion i just had a quick question. the metro line wi b be upnd nning by the year 2020. 202020 visioisis somhihing tt ew out of our moay morning meings. it was a way f us to have a plan owhatat ts neneigorhoodod would look like when our ighbhborfrom a a over the world come up out of the meoo op. i think it's a itite unue thering of peopl it's a lot of the 60's children o are rered d tour the main sese of e pepeop doingnghe planning. it's al verery mu like a eam te. eachf themnow exactlhat ises need toake plac this is brother to.. changing the world, ma
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one of the greatest men on the plan rigightere. you are in good coanany. >> sings wonderfly. [improvisational singing] ♪ blacks is the center of cuculturin a ameca. ght ininhe middle of it. as i kn it, thiis a ver unique place th a sensive hisry. started aroundhe samtime of e 1932 ompics. thirst totallylan neigorhoodillage -totally anned nghborhoo vlage. they didn'allow pele of color toive here >> it was all white. ere was no thoug o of anodyy se beiei here. people startedck moviving west. startn965 in
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e areaecameuch le white, muchore black ter th. after that, the bachman gallery started. the whole black tstsovement became place tgrow. >> the need for oppoununitie for rican-amican andther mirity artiss was the reason wepenened rockmkm gallery. o openeit u in 1967. i was 20. myrorother was 24.4. we automically kneit was going to bnique cause we re herto promoteinorit artist there wanothing like itn the mmunity. you think abouthe social impact, the political impacts of
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ththe time, we were ght for is oppounity. pe for r is oprtunity. the brockman galleris the reason that we are still on th map. it's a lot to say it's a proud moment, to be a partf this growing and ntinuing htory of e area a cultul h. th' changededhe gam theyought t jor piecec of , addi to the orory that we're goi to have >> ts place is drenched in art. l l kindof a. it's mamajor voice -- major force for change in th nehborhoho here. i say at, i'm flinching.
3:20 pm was a movement the mta was going touiuild t linehat stops at enenshawing , justalf ofhe area. ereasn outcry be that manyms to pelele in e viville aree nervous abouthahat th meaeans they wanted a train stopbubut with a a gain more desirable, thiningset more expensive. they are very worrd d abou gentrification. euphemism for white people comi in and changing the col of things. thiss knknowas a b bck, grassroo p place i would say atat it's s be a long time coming. 20 o yeaears in some ways it took tooonong. in other ws, it's comingoo fast >> we are 9% of e e poputionon of los angeles and we own 55% of
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ththiseighborhd. i don't think is about bad atisisti. ththonly thing we have to dis to fight, to make sure thaththe histororof our iolveveme and gagement in this neighborhood ststays at way. people rembeberingt soso i won't get run ov.. [cheering] check it out. evereryby holdldhe handout like this. riright? lowre gng to start in a tonethenen ware gogog to get highhehere istopops. 1, 2, 3. [cheering in unison] >> me and this gir named devon montgomery, she us t to ta mee to showst echo par diy type shows. i s s comi from a hip-hop babackgrnd.. battles and stuff. she thought it would be cool if we bughtht our worlds together i was like, tight.
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we started dng bananas. i helped to promote .. was rerely good at internet omototin i grew it into whaitit is w. [wrapping] ♪ sticking to the meme eth, oking bands. bookg wrwraprs. other genres, pelele whoo beats, who sing, stuff like th. ♪ >> itarted coming to b banas whent t was couple oyearars rolling already. i'm an avid suororter. i'm here every m mth, without fafail. it's like a pcece forellolowsp and art. where people can expressheir
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ideas, bounce ideas off e each othehe and collaborate with ea otr. i'm optimistic tt t it wl kekeep its esnce. there is no other placlilike is. it is mecca for culture, sisic. i think that's wh m makes it the park.ark -- la merck the people. ththe cuure.e. ♪ >> ♪ get ready get ready get ready ♪ ♪
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>> theollywoodign ha liv three stinct lives. put up in 1923 to average -- to advertise an upscale subdisision callll hollywood land. followed, its that simply set hollywood, shn n of the lala four letters. itececame absbstrt symbol recognized across the wod for thee newly ambitus movie busiss and ihad d no connection to the neighborho orocatioiophysically in los angeles. now, in the third los anleles, thankskso a combination of seie culture, soci media, and dital mapping, its lolocati hasas become intensely imrtanant. there arincreasi numbersf pedestris tryingo make tir ,ay as close the sign closasas thecan n tot to t te a pho to post to instagm.m.
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ere arall sortrtof battles in the neiboborhoo about who should he accesso o the streres, sidewalks, and trails in the area. isis, inany y wa, is the third loangeles. this mix of techlology a obobructionism. battleover access to srered space e d how the city will be defined over it. anybody afraid of heigs? l right, cool. that's thtotop ofhe r recd building. it's built to look lika a stac ofof rords.. >> oh. 1, 2, 3. [l[laughr] the sign has always been attracng peopl this ithe quinssential selfie picre.
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ople comup here d immeately post to insta. i know that there have bnn mplainin, but at the same time when you buy a home ritt derneathhe hololwood sign, itititeral comomes with the territory, rhtht? know thathere is tt tensn betweethe resince of the area andsers of the park. >>t's an internationalymymbol of wits and glamour. bui ththina lot t times in lolos anles,s, sce it inception ahollllywd sig has been location point. the origal hollyod sig s built 1923, t aertise the new development of hollywood land.
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it was built by a kind of consortium of heavyweight and early los angelesinincludg g eli clark and hibrbrotheinin-law people who felt thathehey were stuck in the grime and hustle and d bule of thbig cici would look uand sollywoodand anthink th they cod live there like unt olyms. the si that weee today i not th signonstrued in 1923. the sign that we see today was consnstrted in 1978, wn a grp of hollywood insiders, inincling huhu hefner,r,ene autry, and strgegely eughh alicee cooper got together and gaveve mey fororach letter. new hollywood sign wabubuilt. it's ngerous t there. the are pele just opping the mide of theoad wh theicars to t out and take ctctures didibeying traffic sns. bui also wt t s to peop
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-- youave chos to livender the moamous si in the world. u havehosen to le under theollywoodign. >> i am pretty well wald d and fencnc off in. so, it hasn'bebeen mh ofof a issue other than occasionally oplele pking i ifront of my gate or whatnot. i ha a f frid on b bchwood drive who is bloeded in s iveway at least every other ek and h t to ca tow truc >> i found of his house, walked out t he, felllln love and thght -- isis is like being i lakeuouomo, ve m mines from the fun of majorolollywo ststios. i boughtt t immeatelely. you movento this ea, you thin that there is activity. just a neighborhood was few hike w with little bit of
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tourism until 2011. >> i in e laststour years or so we have had an extreme explosion p populity y of people coming up he asas aestinanaon. we expect it is main t throu ththadvent of people having gogoog maps on their cell phon. as traffic study showed 7000 exaa cars or weekend comg up he.. -- t last trfic studshowed 00 extra cars pereekend ming up. this tract was constructed in 1923. it was the very first papansio inin the hills. it was recreated with e e type of bandwidth in mind thawewe are experiencing tay. stst othese streets don't veve dewalks. it's a reci for daster. ere have been occasions ere re trucks and ambulances have nonot en ablblto get to the deinations becau of ca blocki them orhe streeee being too narrow.
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>> if you type hollywood sign into google maps, if you are a tourt oror seone h he who was to see it, ishows yoa litt pain whe the signs. if you ask for drivi direionsns t it, it will send yototo griffiths observatory infenced bybeen people in the city who say that th best place to go toeeee the signgns griffiths observatory. it doesn't actulyly telyouu that you can drive, park much clos, wawalkn publictreetsts hike on public trai. ase e kindf make this transition froa city that is kikind olockckednto our uses and yards to gng out into the streets and celebrining th pupuic spaces provided by th city, the are the peopleho don't want stranrs walki down t streetsa public street that anybo should able tuse. >> we d't wananto excde pele from ming up here. or discourage em even. it's s sily become untenable at is point
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people are tryintoto paint. homeowners, back-and-fth, guining tween n sidents. frfruently i have seen people jujustunningng bween stop signs and srsregarng t the no smoking signs, the lteriringnd whnot. --ould love to as them wod you like me to come to yoyour nghboborhd and d have like thi safe andt want to be share what we have a be reasonab. you don't carebobout yr puic safety, the public fefety of yououfriends and familil the you e e ignong s somhing t tt could killouou.
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>> the mern sing-family house on hillsidwas wher the drm o sond los geles s createand trsmitted to the re of the wld thankin large rt to imes fro the aritectural otograer juli shulmannd oers. at the picresuggestt was a deeply optimistic forward-looking prisise of postwar los anges.s. what does that dream lk k like now? even e fact tt empty piec of landn n whicto b bui these experiments are no loerer ailablbl it mostly means archecects dn thhill a a working in a range ofays to r rake or reimagi thidea o oresidentl chitectu in los anles fo a dser era.
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means lightuses -it means uses le this one are n longer faceso live, aces to make a lif, much they ar museumieces. places to examine t experintation at markethe powar dade as ifhey are objects der glas relive to oer, veryense york,its -- new totokyo,ao p pau, mexixi city -- it's probably fair to say that a a dpropororonately highumumber of single-family hohome this has been a place where peopleavave mod dudue get their little ploofof lanandd build their little hesestead the nuclear family is l longe thth model generating urban form the y y thatt generated in the 50''s. with all of these waysn n whic
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ththfamily is changing, i don'tt know a proliferation o thsands s single-mily homes of00000 sqre feet and upwards kekes see. i think that we've g to o chge the residential fabric to acmmodate e familyf the future. >> we are seeing the cy really transforand rebud itself a lot of the things atat we ve e here to stay. therare also parts oitit tha ararabout undergoing radica chchge. e city is trying out expemements ordrdero gett people back in t the cy anand usee the publitransportition. to be an architect, rtrt of at lows us to get outside of a p or kd ofof dign or sle discourse. en it cos to urb living and quality of lifas we nfront t realityhat the city wil cnge a loover the next 20 yes. lackbisal notio i
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is h do you ke theuality 18 sing-family house and pack tm into fe lots wh th added bus of a nse of mmunity. i thk it'a desi solutio to theuestion density. to makehe part kindf neighbhood apppriate ece ise did whate cald ealth denty. sotimes th are twoouses t they lk like o house. some houses are threhohousesut ey look like one and a half hohous. is really very much a rtrt of is e expimentata tradition. >> dsity, i tnk, is o of thkey chalnges foros anges. -- has notis not realallyeen a a allenge that los anges hahas d to c cfront untilow and now it's coming out ke a a we.
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how weweake a more dense city work i iways tt are unique and real tthe e wa that we live herere. hethink that is one of great, imptant, prsising challelees for us. tha's meththinwe havavto figure outn n our n terms, as poposed importi models that might no fit so well from otrr aditioiol cities multifamily housing. a denser type housing is bemingng me andd more -- not ononly aecesessi, but t tually a quality that people are vyy terestst in here. one santfe was deloped oa sitehat manyeople di't know exied. beten is thresho the ts distrt, the rlroad, the river, and east los angeles on t o otheride.e. myajor gl was toake a buding athat scale aind
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ma differe ways foit to try to both weave into the cit ast exisis now, but also open up and anticipate th poibilitit of en more importanconnectis bween differensides ofhe city the fure. horizontal reali of the builng w waso deal with the realy ofof l angelel as a primarilyorizontacity. eryone tnks that city th sscrapers t he and devep vertally. at the same time, los angeles allyly h been a horizontal cityty. it is one of its quintessentia idtitieses atwere ryry muclookokin whetr that could ctinue to be aualilitycontinin to be a f thecharacteristic bubuildis ofof t city,y,ven as they g bigger and bigr. makehat building more part o th low slung fabric of the
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ty.. i don't think th t the singleleamily home disappears anime e so. nor ould it. much of e culturof theity habeen devoped in at way. arguably doesn't hahavehe capapity to continue to pushut furth and furer and rther. dotown andow that velops intesting noto mucin thatt will bome the nter ofos angel. is intesting beuse its anxperimenin how t dser nteredrecinct the cit can beeveloped maybe at'a model for theay th other cenrs in thcity cadevelop the fute.
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forearly alof itsodern history, l angel has bee known the cenr of archectural novation but has nev extendeto the skyline. it is rd to the govnment -- it is hard to think of anyone significant high-re e in t cici. all buildings ov 1 150 ft inin ighteeded hepads. thbuildi behind me,he wihire grandis reprentative of a new shift in skyscraper arctectctur it w wasiven a a variance, allod to h hava top th doesn't have a lilipad. w that hipadequireme has be done aw with together. we maye lookinat a new generati of towers at are re interting aritecturay. yrs, los geles came virally thenly majo city in thunited stes that
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limited e topsf buildis. alsot the height, but requirg that a buiuildg sixx storieor taller had toee fl. the fifi department decided it woululd saferero be able to ndnd a helicicter on the roof a talluilding case the was fire or some other kind of emergency. never as i know, it's evever bn usused thremoval flat ro requirent was anged byhe city counc about twor thre years o. i thk that is sho that th city has differe attite towas tl building in theore centl parts the city, were runni out of space. ifou want changand grow, you ve got tgo up ther thanpreadi outwards. it's only logical tt people wowoul start thinking mobout wh those bldings lk like d would become more acstomed looking upwards to the psps buildldgs.
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the wilshire grandroroject reprprents the first change in mamanyecadeses of the 60's,'s t gogoinback to e 20''s or the 30's, it will be thfifirst time that there is a new bubuilng wititsomething other than flat to >> when you see these ececes o plywood, that's a whol d't t lk on them. if you do, they ara a litt bitit of a traoline. this entire project 2 2.1 millioiosquare feet. it's over $1,200,000,000 i catal ininstment. ay off t cable.
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>> this is gndndale. pasadena. we l.a.a.. lax. of course,e e are 66. ifou are on the 73 f floor there is nok, hier s spa like e at in the city. here's a helicopt f flyinbelolow us, right? you casee it right out there. it's low us. downto l.a. is designed to have 500,000 people move ianand move o o every day. that's the regur r cour off sinessss 12 mlion people, 40 million pepeopleivining ound h he can actual g get he. th can say -- hone letet's s go downwn to the wilsre grand go tththe to takake r friend and ha a glass of wine. th''the e ecomic mod, by the way. that's what the wlele prese o of this is. we are angelenos. 'm ing totoo to the top of
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that. i'gogoing havave nner t tre. that's a real economic driver. at''s whatatntertainnt destinatio a are a abobout this projecteaeally flecects exactly what's gogg on in wnwntown l.a. entertainment, really hi quality. fo, rerestrants,s, residtial. five-star hotel. it's s at t epipiceer whehe everything ldsds. it's a perfeclolocati. >> in the fit los anleles, i before world w ii,
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thboyle hehts sectn of ea los anges just ross the river fr downtowwas real the ceer of jesh cultu in loangeles. as the sond los geles daed , thneighborod was ilated om the cy and thregion b a tane in thfreeway th was ing builall overhe regio of coue. where with a ram through neighbhohood with thentensity of the vlence th happened in ylyle heits. over timsesecondosos anges i in the postwarecade, the ololatioprovovedo be a a surprising source of strength in the neigorhood. it becaman encla of latin american and mican amecacan migrgratn. by the 70's and 80osositiv bebeme the settled neiborhood of not second but third-gerarationmmigigras andd a neighborhood with a strong sesense itstseland enengy. what that means now as money gentrificationd come, the neighborhood haseen le t to ght back against the forcesf f chan much mo efefctively than otr nehbhborhos around the region.
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the question is, wt will become of one of the sprising succs s stors ofof sond lolo angeles in ts s new ty with devepmpment ney y poing inin from all corners. one y y to awer r th queststn might be tgogo furer east, aw f from e shshinnew developments of ylyle heights, ggining neath h e surface of this placid, non-district -- nondescrip cul-de-sacs of eastern l.a.,here a new muiculturaenenergyf the third s angeles is coconstitingng itself andnd proving self in rprising waysmmune tohe flatting foes of displacement. >> if you look at a maofof boy heights, you are talking about fofour sare e mis. an area that is literay y hemm in by the construction of fee tersececng freeways in the ar.
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so, this area was litelllly aranantid by highway constrtion and urban renew in the 1950's and960' it wasne of thfirst surban redential comnities for businessn and famies w were td to thenitial velopmenof downtn los geles. time, ble heigh was wh we woulall fancy sidentl neighborod with victoria mansion the mographics were imimaril white, upper mdle class falies. probab around e 19 tee, 192's th we began to e a sht from t old dowown class ofntreprenrs and milies ta more raciay and hnicallyiverse iigrant a workg-g-clas community. it was iththe 5's d 60's when you gagan toee t the massive is placement of sisidentfromom boyle heights to make way for
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e interstion of e five jor freays. hee ve freew, the 10 10, the 6 they all conrge upon boyl heights. part of the city's effort to get rid of slums in los angeles. for the people who did protest the coming of the freeway, it was a lost battle. there was simply no way to fight a powerful highway buildi auorityy that bulldozed its way to b boy heights. stst los angeles and boyle heheightin p parcularr emerged s the epicenter of all of the thaemergedrment around t mexican american cil ririgh movememt. it continu t to reesenent e culture in the lifofof mexan scent peoples in the unidd ates.. it's stilththe vio - -- barrio
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capital b. >> my family fir a arriv here in the92920's bebecae of t t mexican revotition. they played an acte e rolen aping it. th arrivedn the mile of burbia. where do they goo meet pple? toind communi? identy? latinos re-creeded thain t the own y. are indefining who yo isis amecan n coext. goodt to show you a explple of frorontard shrine. the way at latinos use their fronyards to exess their cuurural identity. a lot ofhehem pushririnein
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their front yards. like my housesn the surbs, itas a garagin the fnt. like t one nexdoor is ere yosee it typicly. version ofino at.. it became a part of that indoor ouoor lifeyle. hind this the one freeway. -- the 101 freeway. on the eastside it w devasted and t communi fought bac it's beenn n impoant t pa of the identity. here, turning across, decorate you had time to s t the
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transfsfmation of the space on the e easide.. >> the million-dollaququesti isis how boyle heights is goingo fair in the face of ntririfition.. right now there a a bacashh against gentrification i cities throughouthe n natn. boe heights also statained thatatacklash. right now you are sengng a kd tension in the way that the dynamics are pying out. on the one hand, it's bemingng more integrated toto the city because ofhehe extsionon o new public tnsnsit pgramams. like the met r rail. on the other hd,d, thaveryry development ispepeninghe doors for neww phase of gegentricatition as follows echpark, so follows downtown, boyle heights, and beyoyondnto ththvalley.
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follows may not be the rhtht rd. it depends on whose perspeivive you are working from. >> the san gabel valley is owining . it's willing up rhtht now thth's e next chaer. how do we accommatate th? how do we keep the qlility o lili by? -- life high? it is a transit b.b. they are going tbebe ablto verage that, just likenyny her cici. >> running is a part of ee ready.y. to be able to escape a absorb thlalandsce ararou me. . i want to hear the sound of the woworl it's pa of exploring your ndscscap i grew up in the citand of
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always stayed within t v valle ititeels like home. i am the writer and direoror of "vararty punks." i wasn't finding success by sesellg the e ories. i said -- i'veotot to oducuce one. weanted tohoot something in thlolocal ighbhborod, shshing f f the culture and involving ruing.g. the fact that it was goi t to be my hometown, presenting a lturure at iss underrepresented , i think e e vall iss completely underrepresendd in hollllood movies. i don't ev t thinke arare the radar of a lot opepeoplen l l.a >> he's beeneaeally fectctivat getting the support and the excimentnt othe community. not him ining itlonene. it's really a cmumunityomining togethero suprt his project. anhavivingun wititit. as far as the role oarartistgo the role of gentrification,
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we d''realallyave rere estate devepepers lkingng tards what rsrsity nks s ar doing. as far as whetheththey suldd invest. what they are loining foourr communities where they are lele acquiui cheap property because ofhis invemement i ththe communities. they are lkiking f opportunities toakake moy anand there are other factors. >> capital development and investment is always looki t to conqueuenew frontie. ev i if th arere o frontie that have already become conquereanand dipidadate over time they can become new frtitiers r ininvement a a over again. about is one cotatant urn lilifen genenel. i think all ofhehese cmuniniti are e ing to be affected in popositi and negive e wa by the chang we are seeing rhtht w. -- the gentrifitition
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, it's pa o of imovining places, but as long ast't'donene the thought okekeepinthee community alive. it's a differt t plac iti's my place. the city has a l of things wrg wiwitht, bututt's home. it's s ouhome..
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man: '' been a ile.e. mi: surhas. l's o.


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