host: this is "france 24." time now 60 minutes live around the world. these are the headlines. former israeli president and prime minister shimon peres has died. the man known as one of the founding fathers of israel passed away early this morning at age 93 two weeks after suffering a stroke. reaction to his death has been pouring in from around the world. french president francoise along said he was one of the most ardent defenders of peace.
u.s. president barack obama called him the essence of israel itself. the syririan army takekes contrf the rebel held district and aleppo. that is the regime's first major gain as it launched an intensive bombing campaign on the city last week. coming up for you this hour, can oil producers do a deal that would cap supply and increase oil prices? onwill have the latest the meeting in algeria. world's first baby is born combining dna from three people -- a mother, father, and egg donor. but and more on the way, first our top story live from paris. ♪ host: plans are now being made for the funeral of shimon peres, the former israeli president and
prime minister. he died earlier this morning at the age of 93. the body of the nobel peace laureate will lie in state before the israeli parliament before a state funeral friday that is due to be attended by world leaders including u.s. president barack obama and the hope. we take a look back now at his life and career. 2014 at nearlyly 91 years of age, shimon perez asired from political life 70 years as israeli statesman, prime minister, and campaigner. as he handed over office to his successor, he left this message as his political testament. up my rightt give to serve my people and my country. and i will continue to help build my country with a deep belief that one day it will no security and peace. born in poland in
1923, shimon peres emigrated to british controlled palestine when he was 11. joined the recruitment and supply of weapons as the group fought for the creation of the state of israel. founded byation israel's first trimester soon peres,a mentor to the even appointing into the navy. became director general of the defense ministry, launching israel's nuclear program with the help of france. decades that followed, his role on the political stage group. ew. he became prime minister on three occasions. during the 1970's, he supported colonization of the west bank, but he were to play the major role of fostering the
peace agreement with the palestinians, a deal that earned him the nobel peace prize in 1994, award he shared with the palestinian leader yasser arafat and the then israeli prime minister. years later, the peace process was stalling . surrounded by bill clinton, mikhail gorbachev, he made a fresh appeal for peace. viewerst to say to our that we can revive the hope of peace. i want to tell you that it might be closer than you imagined. reporter: after a string of setbacks at the polls on june 13 , 2007, he was elected israel's ninth president. >> it is no secret that i've many misgivings about taking this job. i'm no longer a young member of the israeli parliament. i've already carried out all the key jobs of government and known some failures and a good share
of successes, which i hope have been a positive contribution to the well-being and security of the state. mereter: once viewed as a ceremonial role, he pushed further for peace breaking protocol along the way. to the, he invited presence of pallas, the first of a presidential palestinian authority. he continued to advocate a two state solution with the palestinians. the two men found themselves side-by-side once again in 2014 as along said pope francis they planted olive trees and the gardens of the vatican and prayed for lasting peace. ♪ host: for more now on the legacy of shimon peres, let's bring in jerusalem's correspondent. you had a chance over the years to have spent time to interview
shimon peres. tell us more about what he was like as a man. guest: what struck everyone who met him is that he was a man of vision. what that means is that you usually meet a politician and they are very concerned with their own survival and they look low. shimon peres saw the big picture. the big questions, what is good for the jewish state he helped to found? he had different answers at different times, but he was a leader and he followed a vision. he was not always popular, but what struck me. and i think most people who met him, he was personally charming. he was restrained. he was incredibly sharp minded well into his 90's. he was giving a lecture the day before he had that stroke two weeks ago that led to his death this morning. he was full of boundless energy. he tired people half his age. he kept that vision, cap that
focus, kept that dream. the creation of the jewish date .as a drea hm he never lost sight of the dream. host: talk about some of the reaction that has been there since the news first broke this morning. guest: but we have heard from israeli politicians is that a stream of them went to the hospital to say their goodbyes to him yesterday. this morning, there was a special cabinet meeting to pay their respects, the israeli government respect to shimon perez, who held so many divisions including prime minister and president. he is been part of the politics since the 1950's. the prime minister spoke. is from aetanyahu different party and did not always see eye to eye with shimon peres, but he said i learned to respect him and i came to love him. i think that is true of the israeli people, too.
he was not always popular, but by the time he was in his 80's and israel's president, i think israelis saw what he had done and how great his commitment was to them and all their feelings coalesced around him. he was no longer controversial. he was in the bosom of his people. i think that is what they see now, even though he did not succeed in achieving peace. as his son said today, we have not yet fulfilled his dream. we haven't felt. host: thank you for reporting for us from jeweler jerusalem. mark is on the set with a bit more analysis. let's talk about the dream that is still yet to be fulfilled. will it be fulfilled one day as shimon peres would've hoped? guest: the odds are not there today for the peace process to succeed. there's not even a peace process to speak of right now. i interviewed at length shimon peres and asked him. it was the 20 anniversary of the
thataccords and he told me we have not achieved peace, but we have opened the door. arafat he blamed yasser for not being able to unify his people and deliver the p eace. he says it was a regret, but never lost hope. he says the current leadership, who you told me at the time and then repeated, he says he believes he is a serious partner for peace and someone who wants to achieve peace in his lifetime. the problem is that shimon peres sounded as someone who is an idealist because obviously the stars are not aligning right now. the palestinians are bitterly divided. what is more striking is that the israeli and-palestinian issue is not clearly on the back burner in the region because they are all these other problems with syria, isis,
refugees, that no one really talks about or cares about the issue.-houston you issupalestin this made him pretty said because he realized it would not happen in his lifetime and not for the for seeable future. host: the french president was one of the first of patriot to shimon peres -- pay tribute to shimon peres. guest: he liked france and its culture, but he was also grounded in a not so secret episode in the 1950's when shimon peres can quite frequently to paris. he even had an office and the defense ministry because it was very tight cooperation between france and israel. this was the beginning for israel to obtain the means to fabricate nuclear weapons.
this was always key to israel security and also another element of som shimon peres'legacy that he was a hawk and that israel was able to defend itself. that is why the cooperation with france was essential before being able to make peace with its neighbors, egypt and jordan. it succeeded sometimes but failed obviously coul. the french president will always go to attend the funeral scheduled for friday. host: let's turn our attention now to syria where regime forces have taken control of a rebel held district and aleppo. that is the regime's first major game since it launched an intensive bombing campaign last week. city is facing a new onslaught from the regime, civilians trapped inside are suffering from lack of food, water, and just about everything.
among those trying to survive and aleppo are tens of thousands of children. elliott richardson has more on the situation. please be forewarned that some of these images may be hard to watch. reporter: the district of aleppo under 250,000 people. this is a rebel held region of the city was syrian troops advancing in search of military game. 400,000 children are thought to be trapped in the city, caught up in the crossfire. several have been killed in the last few days. those wounded are treated in a makeshift hospital in the east of the city cou. this thought to be one doctor for over 7000 pepeople. 59 children were killed in julyy alone by rebel fire in western aleppo. the situation is even worse in the rebel held east. these children step out to play for summer spike in the city overcome by bombing. the seven-year-old is joined by several of his friends.
withoutfended ourselves weapons. this is a gun. we can put cartridges in it and shoot the plantes. just like that, i put cartridges here and i love the gun like that ann anna d i shoot. reporter: the parents know this is all too real. wayhe children are in a bad because of the airstrikes in the bombings. they panicked and they take refuge in the house. they cry. reporter: in the sky, russian aircraft circulates above aleppo. the city's residents and its children are trapped on the streets below. host: we have some science news for you now.
the world's first baby has been born using a new three-person technique of fertility. the goal was to prevent the child from inheriting a fatal disease from its mother who lost two children. mark pollard explains. reporter: this is the world's first baby born from a new technique that combines three dna from three people. the baby's mother is a number of defectho carry a genetic in a tiny structure of the cells called micro-contrast -- mitochondria. is a veryochondria decimating situation for the babies. reporter: dr. jones team took all the vital dna from the mother's egg plus healthy mitochondria from a donor egg to create a healthy new egg that could be fertilized with the father's sperm. with a .1%is a baby dna from the donor and all the genetic dna from the mother and
father. >> they cannot be done carelessly. reporter: the baby has been receiving care in mexico where there are no laws against this technique unlike many countries, including the u.s., where it is banned. host: time now for business news with stephen carroll. you are starting with the price of oil. oil-producing countries are meeting in algeria. guest: that is correct. it is opec plus russia as well. they are talking about the oversupply in the market, which has led to this huge fall in oil prices. oil prices are up a little on the day, but there has been focused of volatility on the market as investors feel it's unlikely that oil producers will agree on a cap. it will help increase prices and help many of them. it is a rivalry that
is key to any deal on capping oil production could o. on tuesday, iran rejected the deal from saudi arabia to cap its production. donations are holding talks in algeria with major oil producers. they are optimistic about reaching a compromise. >> tried to figure out where the market is going and get a consensus view. that will happen in due course. the emotion is generally positive. member opec the 14 cartel, saudi arabia is the most influential voice. it offered to cut production by a million barrels a day on condition of regional rival iran agreeing to treat output at current levels. tehran wants to increase production by 20% to increase its pre-sentient share of the market. wasenergy minister says he
hoping to change views to reflect the interest of his .ountry oil-producing nations are suffering since the decline of prices in the second half of 2014. cutting supply would help boost prices and revenue. iran has become a bigger player since it reenter the market after the lifting of its oil sanctions under last year's nuclear accord. it was further flooding the market. tensions between saudi arabia and iran also scheduled opec's efforts to curb production in april. although a deal could be in the cards, the discussions are more likely to pay the way for an agreement during the next formal meeting in november. guest: let us see how the markets are dealing with all that. we will go to london and speak with the senior market analyst who joins us now. craig, thanks for being with us. has hope been abandoned for any sort of deal for this meeting in algeria? >> at least in the short term, yes. what we are effectively seeing
right now is increasing cooperation between the different members that is ultimately in the short-term going to lead to absolutely no change in output. therefore, no solution for this oversupply side story, which has been lingering for about a year and a half and two years now. it has weighed on oil prices. there seems to be a willingness between a number of countries, but unless everyone is involved, including russia outside of opec, i deal with not be forthcoming with iran pumping below pre-section levels. they want to go a little beyond that. it is hard to see how any solution will be found at this stage. guest: should we expect oil prices to stay where they are. ? are we going to see any major rebound or fall in the coming months? >> i think we have found the fair value of oil at the moment at around 45-50 dollars a barrel .
given the situation we are finding ourselves, we are seeing russia pumping at all-time highs. saudi arabia pumping at around all-time highs. other countries within opec are doing the same. about the u.s. market, the show market has called down a little, rebounding from those $28 lows to find a more sustainable level we have seen. inare seeing the decline u.s. oil production stabilize since july. we've not seen a rebound as of yet, but we have seen oil rigs coming back online, which may suggest it is worth it at the end of the year. we may see u.s. oil production pickup. if we do not have that deal between opec and russia and that time, that is when we may see increase, start to but for now we have found fair oil prices. guest: the other big issue the stock market has been dealing with this week is deutsche bank concerns over its financial health. we have reports today that it will sell off at the life, but
it denies reports it is preparing a bailout plan. powershares doing in the banking sector today? >> we are seeing a small rebound in banking shares today on the back of these reports. i'm not sure the rebound has much legs given that the near-term goodness have come out and claimed that these reports are false and the german government does not have an alternative to do so at a time when they are telling the italian government they are not able to step in due to the new banking rules. deutsche bank faces a very difficult issues right now. the number of oppositions being levied against it is enormous. just a long list of a number of issues it has dealt with in the last 12 months, which is really wiping the share price. i believe there's going to be more pain ahead for deutsche bank and they will have to do a lot more to convince investors
that the stocks are worth buying again rather than convincing people it is were shorting . guest: cry, thanks for joining us from london. brief picture of what is happening in the markets -- a little bit is helping bankshares , helping share markets. that is the picture from europe a couple months ago. host: stephen carroll with our look at the business news today. time now for the press review. ♪ host: franz is with us to take a look at what is grabbing headlines around the world. a lot of focus on the death of former israeli prime minister shimon peres. guest: let's start with the editorial of "the jerusalem post." the nation is down its head in sorrow. peres was much more than a former politician and leader. he was the last of the state founding generation.
his death symbolizes the end of an era. in his 93 years, he saw it all and was at every major juncture in the country as it went through it 68 years of statehood. he was there the whole time. as you can see in the title, peres pushed the nation forward. he is called a living legend and the last of the titans of israeli politics. in many ways, he was an outsider and this is an interesting part of his life. israel at thed in age of 10 and was not seen as a real israeli. you can see them talking about shimon peres as a term for essential immigrant. he had to try harder than everyone else. he thought that he had no choice but to outlast them all. host: many papers are focusing on his efforts to reach some sort of lasting peace agreement with the palestinians. it is what came to be known as the oslo accords, which
ultimately led to the infamous handshake between shimon peres and yasser arafat. guest: they're focusing on what they call his quixotic battle for israeli-palestinian peace. it really comes back on everything he did throughout his career to push for this peace agreement. all the titles and powers he required for himself worked for himself after altered they were really -- worked for himself after all. his dream of a deal seems further away than ever. what is interesting is that before being someone who is pushing for peace, he was also quite a hawk. you can read about this in "the new york times." he did more than anybody to build up the countries fermentable military might. he was one of the prime in the development of the nuclear program. this is al jazeera who pulled out an interview that he get
back in 2012 when he was present. he is not pulling punches when it comes to palestinians. he says their self stigmatizing. host: let's go to france where the former president nicolas sarkozy and a future president is in the spotlight as one of the former advisers is coming up with this tell a book today and seems to be settling scores with his former boss. guest: the name might ring a bell because while he was one of his close advisers at the end of the palace, he was actually recording conversations the whole time. now he is set to publish this embarrassing tell-all book that could really hurt nicolas sarkozy. there are some crucial primaries coming up in november. you can see on the front page they are talking about sarkozy and his ongoing cases and his bothers. a reference to a famous song, but all this is playing into the hands of sarkozy's main rival.
there's a very interesting statistic today. they take a look at what would happen if that primary happened today. you can see if it did happen today, then his rival would get 39% of the vote and sarkozy would get 33% of the vote. it is interesting how this poll has evolved in the last couple of weeks. he has jumped five points while sarkozy has dropped. host: lots of focus still on the u.s. presidential election in that debate monday night. guest: donald trump says he won that first debate, but the general consensus is that it was actually helical in. this is the front page of "the wall street journal." chums debate pitch -- trumps debate pitch faulted. it is a conservative paper, so it's interesting to have that analysis. we can see hillary clinton depicted as miss housekeeping. this is something that came up during the debate and it emerged that trump had allegedly called
a mexican beauty queen miss housekeeping. hillary clinton is mopping up a very sweaty looking donald trump. what is shee using? she is using his way. host: let us stay with "the independent." they interviewed a body length which expert about what came through the debate visually. guest: they says what a candidate says is almost as important or less important than the way they look when they are saying it. this is a psychotherapist who says it looks like donald trump's nerves got the better of him. he spent a lot of the debate .niffling could h, he was sipping water and kept giving long side glances to his family. all this is indicative of the fact that maybe he was not as comfortable as hilly clinton. "the new york times" carried a very similar exercise. he actually watched the debate on mute. new the score and still new that hillary clinton was ahead.