agencies report that the trucks were ambushed while the rebels claim they have not targeted civilians. an interim government was launched in south sudan in april raising hopes for peace. but government and rebel forces resumed fighting in july. more than 270 people have been killed since then. the u.n. mission in south sudan issued a statement on monday urging both sides to immediately cease hospitalities. japanese self-defense forces are serving as u.n. peace keepers in south sudan. japan's defense minister inada was monitoring the situation. >> translator: i understand that the incident was a number of sporadic clashes in various areas of the country.
>> inada said the capital juba where they are carrying out peace keeping activities appeared calm. she said she will continue to monitor the situation to ensure the safety of the unit. japanese researchers say they've made a breakthrough in a field of science that could revolutionize electronics. gene otani has the details on that and other top business headlines. researchers at ko university says they have made a major discovery in an area of science known as spintronics. they've disproved a widely held belief that spintronics relies on -- and the magnetic field it creates.
spintronics requires less energy. believes it will lead to devices that will use a lot less power. >> we found that a common material like copper can be used for spintronics. this has widened the scope for choosing materials for the new technology. >> the team says the finding marks a major step forward for the commercializization. samsung electronics has announced it is halting sales of itss galaxy note 7 smartphone. the move follows reports that some of the models have been catching fire. samsung had been offering customers the option of exchanging the phone since september after complainting began to surface about battery fires. but then replacement phones were
emitting smoke. the company is investigating the latest cases. they say people who have a galaxy note 7 should take advantage of the solutions available including refunds. the smartphone went on sale in countries like south korea and the united states in august and was next scheduled to appear on the european and indian markets. the problem is likely to be a heavy blow for samsung which is locked in a battle with apple over the global smartphone market. checking the markets, the energy sector stocks benefitted from surging oil prices. for the details phoebe amoroso reports from the tokyo stock exchange. >> oil prices soared on the opec november meeting. especially after vladimir putin said his country will join efforts to limit production. a weaker yen also lifted the market's mood. the nikkei closed up almost 1%
finishing at 17,024. it's the highest finish since september 6th. the broader topix gains 0.4%. wti rose more than 3%. the index hit a four-month high. those higher oil prices have translated into gain for energy related shares. inpex and showa shell both reaped big rewards. we saw a positive bounce in the market in tokyo after monday's national holiday. but investors are still mindful of the next u.s. rate hike. phoebe amoroso, reporting from the tokyo stock exchange. looking at other asian markets, seoul's kospi ended lower closing at 2,031. that was after shares in samsung electronics fell 8% following the news about its flagship smartphone.
moving to singapore, down by 0.5%. 2,856 the close there. announced penalties for three major banks. the banks allegedly breached money laundering regulations in their deals with a malaysian state fund. the shanghai composite up by a little bit over 0.5% to a one-month high. investors welcome the new guidelines for cutting corporate debt. but hang seng index ended lower by 1.25%. japanese lawmakers have passed the second supplementary budget for the current f fiscal yearar to boost the country's economy. the upper house approved the budget with the support of the governs coalition. it's aimed at funding additional stimulus numbers. the budget also includes
spending to boost cruise ships. aiding small and medium sized firms and restoration work in kumamoto prefecture hit by earthquakes earlier this year. > the paris agreement onn climate change will go into force on november 4th. japanese cabinet ministers h ha endorsed a bill aimed at gaining the diet's approval needed for its ratification as participating countries move to ratify the deal. the paris agreement is a global framework to curb greenhouse emissions after 2020. 75 nations have agreed to the agreement such as u.s., china, india. signatories are expected to hold their first meeting in morocco last month. but it's unclear whether japan will have it ratified by then. yamamoto said he will make every effort possible to gain the diet's approval in time but also explained missing one meeting won't be a major setback.
>> translator: i think most countries will agree that japan has contributed well to the discussion and i think japan will play a pivotal role when setting up t the rules. here's a look at some of the other stories we're following. japan's current accounts stayed in the black. finance officials said it totaled $19.3 billion. breaking down the figure, trade surplus was $2.3 billion. japanese workers are feeling less positive about the state of the economy. the economy watchers survey index was down for september. 0.8% from the previous month. 2,000 people were polled. many said typhoons and heavy
rains pushed down household spending. a southern japanese city is trying a new way to revive the local economy. it's making it easier for foreign residents to start businesses. nhk has the details from fukuoka. >> reporter: these are two french entrepreneurs who see opportunity in fukuoka. >> we don't really feel as foreigners. we f feel welll accepted. >> reporter: thanks to a s specl visa, they were able to get the business idea off the ground. >> why not hiree a a l local st to helelp witith your one-titim. >> r reporteter: theyy started sosocial n networkingg business. it connectss local students who can provide a a service with potential client. it is from dog walks to moving
apartments to services. the pair got the idea from their own experiences at the university in fukuoka. they found job opportunity was lacking for students. after launching the site, they now have 550 students and clients registered on the system. business is taking off. >> we got a lot of help. >> reporter: officials want more foreign residents to start businesses, so they started issuing start-up visas which are rare in japan. the visa gives the holder six months to meet the conditions of a regular business visa, namame renting an office and hiring two staff members or getting at least 5 million yen in the bank. one that helps foreign people kick off their new business.
anybody who wants advice on starting a business is welcome to come in. on weekdays there are consultants and lawyers and english interpreters on hand. this man wants information about paying taxes. >> it's very useful. provides services i really need. considering i am, well,, in japn and rules in japapan are quite complicated. >> translator: we expect foreign entreprereneurs to develop thei business in their style. not in the traditional japanese way. i think you can help with the revitalization of our regional economy. >> reporter: fukuoka is japan's fastest growing city. it has 1.5 million people. there are only 30,000 registered foreign residents. but if the plan works out, that
number may grow. nhk world, fukuoka. it's time to take a look at our global economic calendar for this week. on wednesday we have machinery orders. this is the leading indicator on how much japanese companies are investing in their businesses. the same day the u.s. federal reserve will release meetings of its meeting in september. the fed hinted at a rate hike by the end of this year in the meeting. policy makers at south korea's central bank look at what to do about the economy. interest rates already at a record low. the same day, the owner of the uniqlo will announce numbers. on friday, china will look at consumer prices and producer prices. every week we ask specialists to share their perspective on the coming week. in today's edition of expert view we hear from kobayashi.
japan's machinery orders stayed positive in june and july. he expects to see some corrections for the month of august. >> translator: we are predicting the machinery orders to fall 3% from the previous month. but machinery orders rose 4.9% in july and 8.3% in june. so these figures are still running at a high level. we think machinery orders will go into a temporary adjustment phase. >> kobayashi said companies are making investments to deal with labor shortages. but therefore lacks the strength to boost economic growth. >> translator: domestic production is falling and that accounts for the lackluster investment in plant and increasing capacity. that's why we haven't seen such
an increase for the manufacturing industry. >> kobayashi is concecerned by e global slowdown. he predicts managers will remain reluctant to spend despite low interest rates. >> translator: looking globally, we don't see a situation where demand is expanding. the united states economy seems to be going into a slowdown phase. and china's high growth era seems to be coming to an end. taking into account the global factors and the sluggish production in japan, we believe moves to boost will remain weak for some time. you can catch our report again online together with a full transcript. look for nhk world and business wrap. that's a look at business news. i'm going to leave you with the markets.
of ivory, but the poaching has only escalated. now they're looking to ban domestic trading as well. nhk world joined an anti-poaching patrol in kenya to see the problem first hand. >> reporter: this is tsavo national park. the largest national park in kenya. on this day, a fleet of suvs was racing through the savanna. they found the body of an elephant. its dusks had been removed. it seems to have been dead for about ten days. >> reporter: in the pastt three years, more than 300 elephants have been killed in this park alone.
the kenyan government doubled the number of rangers and upgraded their weapons. but the poachers also have cutting edge weaponry. and the rangers have suffered casualties. for africa, poaching is an environmental crisis. it's also becoming a threat to national security. it's believed that militant grououps and o oanized crime syndicates use the ivory trade to fund the activities. >> intelligence reports have indicated that most of those people are dealing with ivory trade and elephant tusk trade are also linked with terrorism group. >> reporter: most of the illegal ivory is believed to be smuggled into china. it is in high demand amongst newly rich people as the
country's economy grows rapidly. japan's domestic ivory market is thought to be worth around 2 billion yen per year. and the government claims it is strictly controlled. until recently, one of the world's largest ivory markets exists in the united states. however, last yeaear the u.s. government decided to shut down the market. >> i can announce that we're proprosing a new rule that bans the sale of virtually all ivory across our state lines which will eliminate the illegal ivory in the united states. >> reporter: officials in was s washington have called on other countries to stop ivory. china has agreed to get on board. the world's largest ivory market reached a deal with the u.s. last year. it paved the way for a ban on the trade.
a resolution was adopted unanimously at the conference in johannesburg. it called on countries to close domestic ivory markets that are contributing to poaching o or illegal trading. however, japan insists its domestic market is already regulated properly. and therefore will not be shut down. >> we hope that japan will follow the footsteps of u.s. and china to close their domestic ivory market to save the african elephants. >> we'd like japapan to clolose market because we'd like everyone to close their markets. >> translator: this resolution is aimed at shutting the markets that encourage poaching. we don't think it has to be closed immediately. >> reporter: but it is often pointed out that japan's ivory
trading system is inadequate. as recently as september, tokyo police arrested five people for dealing in unregistered ivory. it is now up to japan to show the international community how to improve ivory legislation. otherwise the country faces heavy pressure and criticism at the next conference in three years' time. nhk world, johannesburg. people from neighboring countries have been coming to southwestern japan's kyushu region for centuries. and their visits have had an influence on the culture. 400 years ago, korean artisan introduced the craft of porcelain making.
today they are looking for foreign influence to give the industry a boost. >> reporter: delicate vines. inspired by nature. this man is learning how to apply traditional patterns. >> i am beginning to see details and interesting patterns and things which could inspire and i could play with in the near future. >> reporter: locals are optimistic about international artists like jacobs. they hope he will breathe new life into the centuries old tradition. arita sits on the northwestern corner of kyushu island. they are celebrating the 400th anniversary of porcelain making here.
>> translator: i'm glad that the tradition of arita hasas contind and wiwill go on. zblrks >> reporter: arita was started in 1616. he discovered deposits of white porcelain ore in the area. soon it became popular with europeans. the local economy thrived for centuries. but lately the industry has been in a slump. consnsumers' taste has changed d there's a lot more competition with cheaper foreign made goods. they are now 1/6 of what they were at their peak trading five years ago. so the local artisans decided to shake things up with new ideas. new of the new projects is this.
perfume bottles for the european market which local makers have rarely produced before. the look of this perfume bottle is both traditional and modern. it has a typical white and blue pattern, but a surface of the other part has a texture of leather. travel to europe to study the lalatest trends of the high end market. now these bottles are selling. giving the company new life. >> translator: we always have to take a risk to innovate. it's important not to give up. >> reporter: and for the dutch artist, they are not just learning, but they are also stimulating the locals. jacobs wants to use it for his artwork. >> translator: he's eyeing
something new. their sense may be different from ours. >> reporter: started working on his expererimental projects. people of arita want artists to take back not just the skills and the knowledge but the spirit of arita. >> it's important that a lot o pepeople stay investingng in ar to create and maintain the new possibilities and maintain the traditions. >> reporter: the arita porcelain industry is now at a turning point. once again taking in new global ideas and talents to re-energize the community. nhk world, arita. lots of innovative trends coming out of arita while preserving the old. the weather is arita town is cloudy with a reading of 18 degrees celsius or 64 degrees
fahrenheit. you're watching nhk "newsline" coming to you live from our studios here. sayaka mori joins us with this hour's world weather outlook starting with wednesday. sayaka?? >> yes. it's like cool weather will continue throughout the week in tokyo. we had the coldest morning of the season in several places including tokyo. the morning low was only y 16.2 degrees. now, the coldest temperature of the day was minus 3.4 degrees which was in hokkaido. this area had thehe first frostf the season. in hokkaido there's a low front moving over the system. it's not a slow mover so we will see dry conditions coming back as we go into wednesday in places like sapporo. temperatures cooling down to 13 on wednesday, but at least the sun will come out. thursday is going to be a chilly day. 12 degrees for the high. and as for tokyo, sununnier conditions c comparedd to todayd
temperatures will be 24. cooling down to 19 degrees on thursday. now let's go to north america. we have been talking about hurricane matthew. matthew moved over haiti about a week ago as a category 4 major hurricane and then moved over the eastern tip of cuba, moved along the bahamas afterward, and then it affected the southeast coast of the united states. it caused a lot of damage in many places. we have image coming out of haiti. they are struggling to overcome from the devastation of hurricane matthew. 1,000 people were killed by the storm. 1.4 million people are in need of humanitarian aid. haiti is also facing a surge of cholera disease. matthew caused unprecedented flooding. so many places of the caribbean islands and also the eastern
united states were affected by the system. right now the remnants of hurricane matthew are affecting that line to canada with powerful winds and rainfall. and flooding occurring in nova scotia. meanwhile across the opposite sidede of the united states, ththere's a low front located. this is dragging cooll air from the north. we a are seeing chilly temperatures in many places like montana, idaho. we are seeing snowfall up in the mountains. temperatures are going to be as follows on your tuesday afternoon. temperatures are going to be only zero degrees in billings with snow expected. and then temperatures into minus 55 in bibillings. we expect 11 degrees in washington, d.c. as well as new york city on your humpday. and finally let's go over to europe. there's a low pressure system still located over the balkan peninsula in italy. this system is still causing
genie: this is "france 24." time for 60 minutes live around the world. i am genie godula. these are today's top stories. house speaker paul ryan tells fellow republicans he will no longer defend or campaign for donald trump, the party presidential nominee. haiti is in desperate need of clean water, food, and medical supplies in the wake of hurricane matthew. the u.n. says close to 1.5 million people are in desperate needs