laura: welcome back. you are watching "live from paris" on "france 24." climb laura cellier. travel banp's reinstated. bansupreme court allows his on travelers from mainly muslim countries. prime minister theresa may says that eu nationals will be offered a successful status after five years in the u.k. u.s.-backed forces in syria retake another neighborhood from islamic state. the latest for us on this program.
first, though, the european union's top brexit negotiators says the british government has not gone far enough to guarantee the rights of eu nationals living in the u.k. prime minister theresa may says that eu citizens who have been in the country for more than five years would be offered settled status with the same rights as british nationals once britain leaves the european union. living in the u.k. under five years would have to apply to stay. prime minister may: first, we want certainty. i know there has been anxiety about what would happen to you to citizens at the moment we leave the european union. today i want to put the anxiety to rest. i want to completely reassure
people that under these plans, no eu citizen in the u.k. lawfully will be asked to leave at the point the u.k. leaves the eu. we want you to stay. laura: the eu says those plans like clarity and ambition. detailo london with more on the government's plans. come as youay remember, per stay of the eu summit in brussels last thursday, started to get some idea of what would be involved, and has been confirmed today that eu citizens living in the united kingdom after one year of waiting since the british of the -- phobic of the british people, the reverend and -- the referendum, opting for brexit, that if you have the four five years continuously in the united kingdom, you get to apply for the settled status and you get to stay, and that is with your family make sure that your
family is a broad and they come back by an unspecified cutoff date will that be march of this year? march 29, you will remember, the prime minister in vote that they article famous 50, the beginning of the divorce negotiation officially. er will it be when the uk's du to leave the eu, march 2019? that is not been made clear today. that is one of the criticisms of the chief negotiator of the eu critic of theresa may, unsurprisingly, is labor leader jeremy corbin. -- jeremy corbyn. he says it is too little too late. labor says that the u.k. should have made a unilateral guarantee of security to the 3.2 million eu citizens here in the
aftermath of last year's surprise, it has to be said, brexit vote. there are many more details that people want to see that are online. but already criticism from some associations -- we met with the immigration minister earlier on today in parliament and they are complaining as well. , it will85-page form be much easier to apply for the residency status. it will be a huge, minmetals test for the home office, believe there could be some 4000 applications by -- i -- a day. laura: is theresa may in a better position now that she has reached a deal with the northern irish eup? benedict: short answer, yes. she believes she could increase the majority from her predecessor, david cameron, who
left his job because he did not win his particular political gamble of offering and the referendum to the british people and winning that could instead, the british people opted for brexit. what theresa may opted for is an early political gamble, instead of waiting for 2020, the next scheduled general election, she went for an early election, believing she would transfer labour party. she did not. but the conservatives did get the most votes -- 318 mp's. they needed to reach 326. in order to do that, she needs someone else. that someone else is the dup. they have come after 2 weeks of talks, finally decided that they would come on board. and therefore vote for the government for key votes on defense, security, and brexit.
dup does not make sinn fein happy, the nationalists in northern ireland. nor does it make other people happy, including the software softer brexiters within the conservative party. definitely a prime minister who needs to tread carefully in order to govern and have that majority in parliament. laura: benedicte reporting earlier. moving to the united states to more president donald trump has hailed the decision by this up in partially restores his controversial travel ban. -- by the supreme court that partially restores his controversial travel ban. the restrictions had been ruled unconstitutional by several lower courts, but the supreme court has overruled those judgments and will make a final ruling in october. trump says it is a victory for national security.
let's go to washington and our correspondent philip crowther. in practical terms, what does the ruling mean for people in the 6 nations who had been planning to travel to the united states? philip: they might have to come up with completely different plans, because the trump administration in the past had said that once the supreme court decides that this executive and upholds the executive order, it would take 72 hours to implement from that moment, meaning in theory, in three days time, this immigration, travel, and refugee ban will be up and running for the first time, and will stay so for quite a while. the fact that the supreme court takes this up in the autumn is not necessarily a surprise. the fact that it decided to keep large parts of this executive order running, that is the big surprise.
there are some exceptions here. not all of it has been confirmed by the supreme court. there are some exceptions. for example, those citizens from those 6 muslim-majority countries who can show they have a bona fide relationship with a person in the united states, they will still be allowed to enter the country. also, those who have a formal association with a group, an organization, or students, for example, should still be able to enter the united states. but everybody else from 6 countries will not for a period of 90 days. and then any refugees for a these for120 days very important parts of the executive order, the first one, and the second one, the revised one, signed by u.s. president donald trump, and which was stopped by lower courts pretty much immediately. those should come into effect
inside the next three days already. says thislip, trump is a victory, he says this puts him back in charge of national security. clearly, not everyone agrees with him. what other comments as the made since the supreme court ruling earlier? philip: there hasn't been much. there has been an official statement from the white house and then a short tweet from the u.s. president in which he hails a 9-0 decision by the supreme court. that is the kind of thing we do not know. we do not know whether this was a unanimous decision. usually that kind of detail is given to nobody. we don't know where the white house gets this from. he doesn't see this as a victory for himself and a victory for national -- he does see this as a victory firms often and a victory for national security. it looks like that is the reason the supreme court decided to keep the executive order pretty much up and running within the next few days until after those 90 days elapse.
the decision by the supreme court mentioned to national security, and in this country the u.s. president has a lot of power over national-security decisions. that seems to be the main reason of the supreme court came to this decision. it is not yet a definitive decision. that will come again in the autumn, and that will not be changed. that is when the trumpet administration will go against lawyers representing some attorney generals from states that managed to stop the executive order in the first place. possibly also the american civil liberties union, the aclu. that will be a very big court case when it happens. we expect that to be the case in october. laura: thank you very much indeed, philip crowther reporting in washington. as the u.s. government cracks down on illegal immigration, here in europe, at least 400 migrants believed to be from toan have been found to try cross the italian border into france. they said they were fed up trying to have their paperwork processed. it really is on the frontline of
the migrant crisis and is been struggling to deal with the volume of new arrivals. along highways, caught between teargas, fences, and riot police just to reach the french border. these migrants climbed down to wade across the river. for many, their final destination is germany or the u.k. italy is just an entry point. yet it finds itself on the front line of the migrant crisis, and s the brunt of the police of the borders. this migrant is in a border town that has been a major crossing point. >> i try again, i try, try. >> how many times? >> 2. reporter: since the migrant deal
with turkey last year, the roots have been mostly closed. funneling the majority of migrants through libya, where the government has new to the resources nor the authority to prevent them from making the powerless crossing. regulation means that migrants must remain in the eu country that first process their arrival . since the beginning of the year, three of every 4 migrants entering europe have come through italy. this group of migrants has been stopped, but it is likely they will find another way to continue on their journey. laura: jewish groups have criticized the israeli government after it backtracks on a plan to upgrade a mixed prayer section at the western wall, the holiest site in judaism. ultra-orthodox press the government on the plan. reporter: the historic plan to
build annexed prayer section of the western wall is married -- a next prayer session is buried. one section is exclusively for men, another exclusively for women, all managed by ultra-orthodox authorities. reform jews, those who wish that men and women pray together, negotiated a deal for third section for everyone. it was supposed to be set up on the right side of these images and shown here in yellow. under pressure from or to orthodox -- ultra-orthodox parties, the government scrapped .t could > >>for 2 years we negotiated in good faith with the government of israel. an overwhelming majority voted to implement the compromise. and then today they decided in this new orleans avoid and they will not implement it and a quality is out the window -- it
is no and void and they will not implement it and equality is out the window. world, mostross the jews are reform or conservative, not ultra-orthodox, and they pushed hard for the mixed prayer section. ultra-orthodox authorities decide all religious issues. they do not recognize liberal-conservative conversions and question other jews' practices. redline has been crossed and it couldchange the stock support of' israel. has canceled acy dinner with prime minister netanyahu on monday night, a move that is unprecedented. moving out to syria, where the battle to liberate the city of raqqa from the islamic state group continues. a u.s. seven at coalition of kurdish and arab fighters known as the syrian democratic forces have made fresh gains can
capturing a west district from jihadists. reporter: what is happening is basically, the sdf have managed to encircle the old city of raqqa. there are no ways in or out of .hat city, which is besieged what we are hearing from the inside is that they are out of order on the islamic state group side. , veryer, very little food little ammunition, no real opportunity to get anything from the outside. of course, there are many, many civilians trapped inside that old city. it is believed that the islamic state group are using between 70,000 and 100,000 civilians as human shields in this battle. of course, the old city is also defended by a fortification, a law which is very high, which is centuries old but still intact. that, of course, is a next her problem for the sdf fighters
trying to conquer it. we were inside the city today. around the old city, not inside it. but the situation there is extremely confused, extremely violent. there is a lot of gunfire. there are coalition bombings going on, many, many bombings. we witnessed a few of them. a situation -- like we saw cityians coming out of the , father and his son on a motorbike. df forces, that s they managed to make it through. they wanted the rest of the family to follow, 22 other people. forces were saying to this man, do not go back now. he said, "no come i want to go back in any case, and i will try to come back with the rest of my family." he went off on his motorbike and we don't know what happened to him. given the intensity of the fighting, it would be incredible if you made it back into the islamic state-health part of the
city. a lot of confusion and a lot of violence. laura: now to a problem that is growing around the world. despite scenes like this, business is booming for global drug cartels. in burma and thailand, officials are destroying confiscated drugs to mark the u.n. international day against drug abuse and illicit trafficking. but it is not enough. the united nations says about 250 million people used drugs in 2015, an opiates are responsible for tens of thousands of avoidable deaths each and every year. to talk more about this, i'm joined by a public policy professor and drug policy specialist at carnegie mellon university. thank you for being with us on "france 24" tonight. there clearly is something wrong, but what do you think is the problem with the current approach to fighting drug use
and drug trafficking? >> i'm not sure that the fact that people continue to use these very compelling drugs means that there something wrong. that is, there is a lot less abuse than there would be if we weren't doing the things that we are doing. i don't think it is realistic to think that there is a way to have no abuse of the substances. laura: but tens of thousands of people dying from overdoses. we have seen in the united states a soaring rate of people dying of overdoses there. these are families torn apart, people prosecuted, lives ruined -- forget the clichés -- but by drug use could that is a problem for society, is it not? >> no, it is a huge problem. just saying that the fact that some people are using it doesn't meet it is failed. what is striking about this is it is primarily legal drugs provided by medical system that
are leading to the addiction. after people become addicted, they traded down the illegal is that is a problem with prescription opioids as well. laura: and a lot of government leaders and organizations have said -- the former president of mexico is one of them, have called for legalization. they say that is the only way to fight the problem, because you take the money out of the drug cartels and away from the drug dealers and you tax it and put it in the government's pocket. is that the way forward? >> perhaps for cannabis. the u.s. is leaning in that area, for better or worse. drugse vast majority of in the united states are coming from legal prescription opioids. .he problem is the chemicals the problem is that they are powerfully appealing. and people are vulnerable to becoming dependent.
legalization -- very dangerous drugs like opioids likely increase the number of people who are dying. governments be going after the producers or consumers? much of the world terror and supply comes from afghanistan, people try just great -- the world's heroin supply comes from afghanistan, people trying to scrape together a living. >> you go after the suppliers in your own country. with the users -- laura: what there is pressure -- sorry, there is pressure on afghanistan from the united states, pressure from the government to destroy this crops. >> sure. not very much of the heroin in the united states comes from afghanistan. the opiate markets are hemispheric. most of the heroin consumed in the western hemisphere produced
in the western hemisphere. most produced in the eastern hemisphere is used in the eastern hemisphere. in part it is try to protect other countries users and in part it is try to get money away. laura: thank you very much indeed. let's get an update on the top business news. kate moody is with us in the studio. billygoing to talk about because the government has averted what could be a serious banking crisis. kate: what it is not without controversy. says it hadernment -- the italian government says it had a rescue plan days after the eurozone warned it could collapse. banking shares soared after the deal was announced on sunday, but some analysts question if the deal might undermine eu regulations set up to protect taxpayers from supporting the banking industry. reporter: it is the deal that
could cost the italian state billions. in the nation's biggest retail bank, they will take on the members. 2 failing backed up by 5.2 billion euros from state coffers, and a further 12 billion euros in guarantees to shield it from unexpected loss, it is a decision that divided public opinion. what is too soon to know will happepe way. the failure of a bank affects citizens and companies. >> we will and of paying for everything. citizens always pay. no one ever gets that. reporter: the european commission may have approved the move, but critics say italy found in people in regulations in place after the financial crisis designed to limit state bailouts of banks. losses are meant to fall on bondholders rather than
taxpayers, but easily sidestepped that by arguing that the banks are crucial to the region and the italian economy. the concern is that the decision will undermine the european banking union. >> some are worried that what the government decided to come in order to save the small banks, we will compromise the wesibility that in europe .ill the banking union reporter: however, the prime minister says that the state has done its duty, making sure that they "on monday -- open their doors on monday. kate: european investors were boosted by that banking deal. up about half a percent. german business confidence hit a new record high in june. shares in swiss food group
nestlé outperformed. we are seeing more muted session on wall street. nasdaq has fallen into the red, as tech stoxx bareback. -- pare back. the number of people looking for work in france as picked up slightly. 22,300 more people sign up for unemployment benefits in the month of may, an increase of .6% from the previous month, and a reversal of the trend seen in april. it is also a bad start for emmanuel macron's presidency, although he has not had time to enact measures he hopes will boost economic activity. he does not want to bring the overall and implement rate down -- does want to bring the overall and of women rate down to -- overall unemployment rate down.
the greek government is urging garbage collectors to end a strike that is left garbage around the capital. residents have said patience is wearing thin as the strike entered its second week and mounting piles of garbage could post a health risk. a french retail giant is being sold to a domestic rival in a move that will save most of the failing brand's employees. ofsaid it would take on 85% the chain, which was once a leader in discount fashion but as struggled to compete against the likes of h&m. jury selection has begun in the new york trial of a former pharmaceutical executive who was once dubbed the internet's most hated man. receivedkreli widespread condemnation after he defended the hiking of a price of a drug more than 5000% for his own benefit. he is accused of fraud linked to his time running a hedge fund as
well as a drug company he later founded. oo big to fail is a term reserved for the financial sector. australia'sputs great barrier reef in that category as well. it is worth about 38 billion --os to the us giant economy to the australian economy and apparently supports 64,000 jobs directly and indirectly. the report says more should be eef, to protect the r listed as a protected world heritage site by unesco. >> the great barrier reef and if it was a company would be at the top. it employs more australians than most of australia's largest corporate entities. most of the benefit comes from tourism, but there are also significant benefits from commercial fishing, scientific research, and recreation activities. kate: economic as well as moral plea. laura: absolutely.
06/26/17 06/26/17 [captioning made possible by democracy now!] amy: from pacifica, this is democracy now! >> the thing that happened was that very soon after i won the booker prize, the government came to power -- the nuclear tests. i wrote the essay condemning the testss, and that was the end o f a romance of the face of the new india. amy: as donald trump welcomes indian prime minister narendra modi to the white house, we will hear from one of india's most famous writers, arundhati roy.