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tv   Global 3000  LINKTV  October 13, 2017 7:30am-8:01am PDT

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>> this week on "global 3000," we're off to ivory coast and bonoua carnival, a celebration where gay people don't have to hide. in taiwan, courts say same-sex couples must be allowed to marry. but not everyone is celebrating. but first we go to brazil, where vast areas of rainforest are still being destroyed, with devastating consequences for us all. the world's largest tropical rainforests are found in south east asia, the congo basin, and the amazonian lowlands. these "green lungs" represent
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the planet's largest pool of captured carbon dioxide. but over the decades, vast areas have been deforested, as people look for timber, pastures, farmland, and minerals. the largest single area of rainforest is the amazon basin, which is mainly in brazil. but since 1970, more than 770,000 square kilometers has been destroyed, an area twice the size of germany. fighting to halt the destruction is a risky business -- 50 activists were killed in brazil in 2015 alone. >> the land around here is often ravaged by fire. we join environmental activist elizeu berçacola in the state of rondônia in southern amazonia.
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elizeu takes pictures of this tragedy in order to tell the authorities what is going on here. anything that can still move tries to escape the inferno. the smell is acrid. >> it's all about creating new pastures. the amazon r rain forest is beg burned down and destroyed. some parts of the forest die immediately. some trees initially survive the fire, only to fall latater. many animals are killed. >> endless fields of soyoya, whe once a huge forest used to stand. trucks loaded with farm goods thunder along the highway. pasturelands for cattle are being extended all the time. a few smallholders live on the edge of the protected rainforest area, like ederson and his wife.
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elizeu explains how the "agromafia" are destroying more and more of the area around their farm. but they've known that for a long time. they've been told to leave and received threats, even death threats. >> the situation is terrible. we live under constant threat that someone could come and take our lives. that's hard to cope with. >> ederson leads elizeu into the forest that's been his home and his workplace since childhood. he lives off the forest -- he's a rubber tapper -- so he strives to protect it. these trees provide the rubber he sells to make a living, so to him, they're almost sacred. just a little further into the forest, it's clear other people have been here recently. the eco-criminals have left their mark. they work systematically, the pair explains.
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first, they create small paths into the thicket, and then mark on a map the sections of the forest they want to rob. >> this is where they went through, where they've marked pathways. these people know what they're doing -- they're foresters and topographers. they put markers here to section the plots they want to later sell illegally as usable land. a a maa-like orgrganization is behind these crimes. >> from the aiair it becomes clr what elizeu means -- bare spots in the rainforest. these sections will be sold illegally after being conveniently "prepared" by the fire. after all, they're ruined anyway. they might as well be used forr farmining. figures s from the indepenendt environmental institute ibama show that destruction of the
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rainforest increased by 30% in 2016 compared to 2015. >> the problem is, we might catch an illegal deforester today, but he'll probably be there again next time. the political will to change things isn't there. we need better laws, tougher punishments for people who are repeatedly caught committing environmental crimimes. only that t can help in the fit against deforestation in amazonia. >> but the b brazilian governmt would rathther continue to shrk the protected areas. president temer recently faced corruption charges, but congress voted to block the trial. he escaped a suspension. 30% of the members of parliament -- representing various parties -- are part of of the powerful farm lobby. president temer is suspected of buying votes without a hint of guilt. >> there's no other country with more greenery than brazil. no country in europe has so many forests.
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what we do here with our nature reserves and conservation areas is exemplary. >> the situation here tells another story. the long-established smallholders on the edge of the forest are losing everything. elizeu could not prevent that. some families are now living in makeshift shelters in the town of machadinho. peasant farmers and rubber tappers have been driven out, threatened, even murdered. there were 21 murders in the area last year. elizeu tries to help here, too. he works with the ngo pastoral da terra that seeks to protect the poor and nature. but it's very hard in this lawless region, like something out of the wild west. elizeu is always armed, and for a good reason. >> there were four murder attempts against me, each with a
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fierce shootout. t>> they killed my son.. >> how old was he? >> 21. >> the stabbed him from behind. they rammed the knife into his body. >> these people have been robbed of everything they have. >> we need help. as the original inhabitants of this region, we want respect. nothing more than that. we live off the forest and for the forest. and we're ready to die for it. >> 8000 square kilometers of brazilian rainforest were destroyed last year. that's nine times the size of berlin. the bare patches in the amazon rainforest are continuing to grow. >> earlier this month, some 40,000 people hit the streets of
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sydney, australia, demanding the right to same-sex marriage. now a postal referendum could up the pressure on parliament to change the law in their favor. meanwhile, in many other democratic nations, gay and lesbian marriage is already permitted. some, like germany and the usa, took a little longer to agree to it, but they got there in the end. not a single country in asia, however, allows same-sex marriage. at least, until now. in may of this year, taiwan's constitutional court ruled that the ban violated fundamental human rights. >> may 24 was a day of joy for gays and lesbians in taiwan. that's when its constitutional court ruled that the civil code was incompatible with the constitution because it doesn't
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recognize same-sex marriage. the court gave the legislature two years to rework the law. hsieh cheng-long builds sets for a television soap opera. he lives with his boyfriend, and has campaigned for same-sex marriage for years. the court ruling was hotly discussed by the team at his tv studio. >> things are fine here. just one colleague had a hard time with everything he was hearing on the media. then we had a talk, and now he accepts that i'm gay. and we get on really well. >> hsieh cheng-long says it is important to talk about things with the people you work with to explain what you stand for, and why same-sex couples should have the same legal status as heterosexual ones. >> when colleagues ask why i fight so hard, i always cite an
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example. last november my boyfriend had an accident. i had to go to his father to ask for r a power of attorney, soi could make a decision on my boyfriend's behalf. >> even after he was given the power of attorney, the hospital refused to recognize it. it's been a long struggle for gays and lesbians to gain recognition and acceptance in taiwanese society. these people were demonstrating against equal rights for same-sex couples. such dememonstrations were hed for monthshs, every time parliament discussed the issue of equal rights and gay marriage. a lot of prejudice and misinformation was disseminated. >> marriage for homosexuals means making sex a public affair -- and not just regarding homosexuality, but also bisexuality and group sex and all kinds of other perversions. it's all entirely unacceptable.
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>> nevertheless, taiwan is one of the most liberal countries in east asia with respect to gay and lesbian rights. discrimination in education and the workplace has been illegal for a decade or more. even the kuomintang, or chinese nationalist party, is changing. jason hsu is one of its mps. and he's working to update the paparty's conservative image. >> the reason why same-sex marriage should be incorporated in civil code is because it is human rights. we will just amend the code and then incorporate the rights in there. >> we accompany hsieh cheng-long to the home in a
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suburb of the capital taipei that he shares with his partner, liu hsing-kuo. their parents know they live together. many other gays and lesbians still keep their families in the dark. this couple say they just wantt their way of l life to be considered normal, with all the rights and obligations everyone else enjoys. >> we want to be like a regular straight married couple. we want insurance, inheritance, and health care rights like everybody else. >> their tatattoos stand for bg bear a and little e bear. they're a substitute for wedding rings. daily life for gays in taipei is not all pain and secrecy. in this neighborhood, life is quite relaxed. lawmakers now either have to amend the civil code so it no longer bars same-sex marriage or establish a new law specifically about it. >> a special law is also a form of discrimination. that should not be necessary.
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the clock is ticking. within two years from may, a legal solution has to be found. what the lawmakers come up with will show just how progressive taiwan is. >> marriage for all -- it's a dream that's still out of reach for gays and lesbians in over 70 countries worldwide, where homosexuality is against the law. in seven of those countries -- among them nigeria, somalia, iran, and saudi arabia -- the punishment for it can be death. in africa, homosexuals suffer widespread discrimination, which is why in ivory coast, one particular day can bring a brief sense of relief. >> they're out on the streets -- in high heels, dressed as innocent schoolgirls accompanied by a wayward friend, or as the girl next door. all these ladies are on their
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way to the event of the year in the small city of bounoua. fréderic about is here with a few girlfriends, just like always. this time around he's gone for the housewife look. >> i like my style. in the heat, this kind of dress is way more comfortable than something tight. i feel good like this. >> but wait a minute. men in women's clothing? in africa? where raw manliness is seen as a virtue, and women often are denied a say? >> this festival is all about celebrating different cultures. our aim is to bring different social groups together. >> officially, the lgbt community doesn't belong to
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these different groups, even if it's an open secret that the festival is an unofficial christopher street day celebration. but not everyone is in a celebratory mood. here, at the headquarters of the aid organisation alternatives côte d'ivoire, employees are fighting for gay rights in the ivory coast. claver touré is the organisatition's director. he's often insulted and called the gay president. >> we offer refuge to young people who come here with bruises or even worse. they are often abused by their families, simply because they are gay. >> claver touré has been working to protect the rights of homosexuals for years, in the hope that things may someday improve. he deals with open hostility on a regular basis. his apartment was set on fire, but the police didn't do anything. officially, there is no law prohibiting homosexuality in the ivory coast, unlike most other african countries, but toure says that doesn't mean it's allowed.
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in the evenings, the employees meet up for a drink in a local pub. not everyone here is comfortable that we're here with our camera. claver denies that the carnival in bounoua is a vehicle for homosexuals. but would he prefer to have a proper christophpher street da? >> what's the point of demonstrating for gay pride in africa if you're stigmatized for being gay? if you're cut off from society because of it? if you get depressed or commit suicide? who would want to take to the streets and shout out loud that they're proud to be gay? >> the streets of bounoua are buzzing with excitement.
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the men are in their element. it's all good fun. fréderic about is enjoying the show with his son, who is dressed as a girl. >> this is all about love and brotherhood, and everyone is happy in their own way. >> today, anything goes, whether it's just a bit of fun, or expressing your secret desires. but what's it like normally? >> normally you can't walk around like this -- you're not allowed to. people would think you're completely mad. >> at the alternative headquarters in the country's economic capital, abidjan, they're celebrating a birthday.
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>> we do this kind of thing often, to get rid of the stress that we can't get rid of openly in the way that we'd like. here, we can let it all out, but we can't do that anywhere else. >> daily life is a game of hide and seek. most gay people are conventionally married, claver tells us. but that's not for him. and he refuses to tolerate questions from his neighbors. he says his sexuality is a private matter. he also says he knows of men who pretend that they're persecuted for being gay so they can claim asylum in europe. >> after my flat was set on fire, they asked me if i wanted to leave.
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i said, no, i don't want to leave my country. i want to fight for equal rights here. exile is not an option. the ivory coast is my home. i have the right to live here, no matter what job i do or whom i love. >> bounoua's carnival celebrates the kind of tolerance that claver would love to see in daily life. it's the chance to be crazy for a day, or the person you really are. >> marriage for all -- what's your view? what's the law in your country? tell us on facebook. follow us on "dw global society.y." this week in "global ideas," we're off to malaysia. a country with high-energy consumption, and serious air pollution in big urban centers. now the government is keen to make the country and its economy more environmentally sound.
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but first, it needs to convince consumers. and it's hoping a new eco-label will help. our reporter bastian hartig headed to the capital, kuala lumpur, to find out more. >> if only it were this quick and easy to get around malaysia's capital city, kuala lumpur. in reality, rush hour looks more like this. co2 emissions produced by traffic are one of malaysia's biggest climate killers. but that's all set to change. for example, with this electric scooter. it was developed and produced by the malaysian company eclimo. they're especially proud of the high-performance batteries they designed themselves.
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in >> the power direct drive on the motor is 6-kililowatt, the batttteries that we e use is 4 kilowatt hour. this is one of the technology breakthroughs that we have achieved so far not only comparing to malaysia, but also comparing to the world. >> the malaysian government supports companies that bring eco-friendly products onto the market like eclimo. the financiaial aid and tax bres are supposed to help malayisa become a greener country. but over the past three and a half years, only around 400 scooters have left the factory. at around 3700 euros, they cost more than twice as much as conventional models. >> our business model right now is to go for the fleet customers who heavily use two-wheeeeler. righght now the biggest is kentucky fried chicken, kfc. kfc are are using it for home deliveries. there is a police team
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papatrolling using the bikes, d we also have a local council enforcement team going around patrolling the roadsds. we have e not entered the coconr market. so far it's only for the fleet customers. >> they're already in use at the malaysian ministry of energy. with support from the giz -- germany's international cooperation and development agency -- the government wants to promote other green products, with an official label to guarantee their green credentials. more than 850 items already carry the "myhijau mark." the project is called malaysia green technology, and is overseen by the mininistry of energy. but cost is proving to be an issue. as >> when you go to the supermarket for example, they're looking at how much this costs in comparison. so there is still a challenge there. unlessss we have econonomies of scale, w we can prproduce these grgreen prododucts at scale, the can reduce the costs. >> right now, the government ii
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the main customer for these certified eco products. >> thehe government is the biggt purchaser. 15% of the gdp comes from the government. so the government needs to set the direction, set the example. with the higigher purchases frm the government that will stimulate the market and introduce green products and services for privavate green purchasers. based on the registration that we have on the myhijau, , we cn see that the demand is increasing. the demand for paints, for example, green paints and green building materials. >> more and more companies want to jump on the eco bandwagon. but are their products worthy of the government's eco label? that's decided here at the renowned sirim institute in kuala lumpur. every candidate for myhijau accreditation is put through its paces to make sure the product really is eco-friendly. in this detergent is up next.
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>> t the company claims that ts product is biodedegradable. so we are going toto test the biodegradability potential accocording to the oecd test memethod. >> the sample is mixed with a bacterial culture. if the sample hasn't dissolved within 28 days, it won't be granted the label. the criteria that have to be fulfilled for the eco label are tailored to conditions in malaysia -- not only with respect to health and environmental sustainability, but also w with respect to economic feasability. >> different countries have different cultures, different requirements, and different standards of living, so this has
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to be considered, because otherwise, if it's set too high, like germany, then second or third-world countries may not be able to adopt it. so we have to look into the economic situation of the country and how they can adapt with the eco-label, because if you put too high then nobody can comply and nobody can pick it up so it defeats the purpose of having an eco-label. >> the next step is to establish uniform ecological standards by region. the german development agency is also supporting malaysia's neighboring countries indonesia, thailand, and the philippines -- because the more people buy eco-friendly products, the better it is for the environment. >> that's all for today. thanks for joining us. we always enjoy hearing from you, so write to us at global3000@dw.com or on facebook.
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follow us at "dw global society." take care, and see you next [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]
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10/13/17 10/13/17 [captioning made possible by democracy now!] amy: from pacifica, this is democracy now! >> and this morning, the president's tweeting he wants to pull fema and the military out of puerto rico will step how long do we have to stay in puerto rico, mr. president? until every puerto rican's name is taken up the vietnam a moral wall were erased from the records of the korean war, afghanistan, iraq, as long as it takes. they gave their lives and died.

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