tv Global 3000 LINKTV August 22, 2019 1:00am-1:31am PDT
♪ this week we're off to jakarta. could d the indonesian capital soon be underwater? strength, in the ring and out of it. women in egypt have discovered the power of boxing. and we meet online activist masih alinejad and hear about her campaign that allows ordinary women to experience a littttle freedom.. womemen in iran arare expecteo cover their heads in public. and if they want to apply for a
passport or trel abroaoad, they need male permission. and wivehahave little chchancef obtainining a divorce.e. nonetheless, women have bebeen campaigning g for equal ririghn their country since the turn of the millennium. social media has given the movement a boost. it's used by more than half of the iranian population. and men, in n rticular, , are discovering there really is strength in numbers, regardless of where they are in the world. masih: it's a punishable crime to be unveiled in public according to the sharia laws in iran. you get lashes. you get jailed and fined. but more important than this, you won't be allowed to get an education from the age of seven. if you take off yoyour headsca, you won't be allowed to get a job. you won't be allowed to live in your own country.
[ocean sounds] masih: my campaign was born from a simple picture. it was a picture of me running in a beautiful street in london. it was spring, may, the trees were full of blossoms. and i wrote a caption on my picture that every time, when i wanted to be in a free country, and i feel the wind wading through my hair, it just reminds me of the time when my hair was like a hostage in the hands of the iranian government. i asked the women whether they want to share their pictures with me
, stealthy moments of freedom, with me. i was bombarded by pictures from them inside iran being unveiled. so i c created my stealthy freem page on facebook, whicnow w has more than 1 1 million llllower, on instagramam more than 1 milin followers. and it's all about freedom. it's all about dignity. it's all about choice. i grew up in a small village which is close to caspian sea. when i get homesick, the only thing that makes me feel home and happy is just going to nature, climbing a tree, going to mountain, or walking the seaside. it just reminds me of home. ♪ masih: our kitchens in the
village are designed for women, it's shorter, because women are so that shows that i started my feminism movement, my feminist revolution, from my kitchen. that is important fofor women. we have to start being a rebel in our house. my mother never had the chance to go to school, to university, never. she is not even able to read and write, but to me, she is the true feminist. my father, he stopped talking to me. he doesn't support me. he thinks that i am against islam, i'm against my own country, that i am betraying my
country, but i thihink these ae all happenining because the government really brainwashed people like my father. otherwise, my father loves me. when i was a student, i got kicked out from my high school just because of my opinion. and then i became a journalist, a parliamentary journanalist. i got kicked out from the mpmp, because i exposed a corruption. i became a columnist. then, again, because i criticized the president of iran. it was just a week before the controversial elelections in in in 2009.9. my car got vandalized in iran, and two of my journalistic cards were under my vehicle wheel, so that was a message for me that , you know, it is going to happen to you, as well, so i decided to just leave the country. i launched my stealthy freedom, but after three years, it was
everywhere, so, like, the president of iran knew about it, talked about it, all the media around the world, the media inside iran, iranian state tv, clerics, and i thought, oh my god, now is the time. we have to shift the online movement to something offline. these people need to identify each other. so in 2017, i actually decided to pick a day, pick a color, and help these people to identify each other in public. lonely warriors. i call it a one-person demonstration, because they never have the permission to take the street. they wilill be shot. ththey will be, you know, into prison. they will be tortured. but they are brave. they found their way to protest
against oppression.. this is the time menen should t masih: t the goverernment in a was to c control societyty becae they know that this generation is not going to keep silent. they found social media as an alternative media to express themselves, to be loud, and to break the censorship. thatats why the e social media itself is a threat for islamic republic of iran, so they try to block it, because they see this is the main battleground, and they don't want to lose the control. ♪
masih: i have so many dreams, but the biggest one is that, one day, women in iran have the power to run the country. my dream is just to see women are as equal as men. ♪ host: sport is another activity that gendeder roles in mususlim communities make difcult for women to ful participatete in. yet, pyingng bastball l or football can be deeply liberating. not only is it healthy and physically strengthening, sport can also help build self-confidence. >> hadeer really packs a punch. and that's what saves her from all sorts of unwanted, male attention. here on the streets of cairo, sexual harassment is a common
experience. her training partner, walaa, is just as fierce. she's egypt's heavyweight boxing champion. outside the ring, the two boxers usually have to dial it down a notch to refrain from striking anyone with full force if pestered. but on the streets, they are never afraid. walaa: i don't want to boast, but i am, in fact, a heavyweweit boboxing champion. and that's an honor for my family. so i'm the man of the house and also out in the world. >> these women do wear headscarves, even while training. but it causes some frustration. and for competitions, they like to take off the hijab, though this bothers a lot of men. hadeer: the hijab limits me and gets in the way. it makes it harder for me to breathe. when my hair is uncovered, i feel better and perform better.
>> women's boxing in egypt is only a fringe sport. but according to the coach, there's no shortage of talented women. the challenge is finding them and supporting them. khaled: it's not as though this is only a sport for men. there are many women who become world champions. and in egypt, there's a lot of potential for that. we have many strong and talented women. >> but they don't have it easy in egypt. there is deep-seated prejudice and many clichés that endure. hany: boxing is a brutal sport. i think it's better for women to avoid it. it's very difficult t for womeno bear. mahasin: all those muscles look disgusting. no, i feel ill when i see all of that. i abhor it. >> nadia has had to contend with stereotypes like those for years, but that hasn't stopped her. quite the contrary.
she became world champion in 2008, and today, she coaches egypt's national team, the men's team, it should be noted. she's had a sensational career, but it hasn't all been easy. you could break your nose! blood gets spilled, eyebrows are split. >> at home, she never received much direct support, and that hurt, even though she understood her parents' sensitivities. nadia: my parents have never seen me box. they never attended the championships. only my siblings came. my mother was even too afraid to watch videos of the matches. she only ever wanted to know if i had won. >> walaa has also earned numerous gold medals, to the delight of her nephews, her biggest fans.
they also want to become boxers like their aunt. but the road there is long. walaa has been fighting in the ring for seven years. her mother is proud of her youngest child, and of her powerful punch. moshira mohamed ali: boxing is actually self-defense, and she's had to defend herself many times. i remember how she beat up three boys at school who harassed her. one ofof them had attacked her with a pencil and almost killed her. >> walaa and haleer can do more than just box. they are also quite capable cooks, and that is at least one stereotype they fulfill. but walaa is in no hurry to marry. she says finding the right partner is even trickier in her case. walaa: boys tend not to like it when a girl is s stronger than
they are. that's why i would like to find someone who understands me and who also practices this sport and loves it. >> living life with a sense of confidence, that's something that these young women demonstrate every day. they are fortunate to have the support of their families. and they can't imagine a life without boxing. walaa: my boxing friends are the most important thing to me. the way other people wake up in the morning and go to work, i go to the gym. it's my life. >> by doing what they love, these female boxers are also fighting for women's rights in the arab world and for the right of everyone to follow his or her own path, with no holds barred. ♪
>> i am. a global teen. ♪ hostst: today's globobal teen s from madagascar. lolita: my name is lolita hantantiana, and i've just turned 15. ♪ lolita: ten people live in my house. among them are my sister and brother. we live in tampolove. ♪ lolita: my parents fish for a living and spend most of the time out on the lagoon. ♪ lolita:
i like chinese jump rope most of all. and i love playing soccer. unfortunately, the boys play better than us girls. ♪ lolita: i definitely want to improve my english because i want to be a teacher one day. and a lot of tourists come to tampolove, and i'd like to be able to talk to them. ♪ lolita: my best friend makes me happy. her name is christophine. we talk about everything, and we laugh a lot together.
gogoing to church also makes e happy. [singing] ♪ host: few dispute that climate change is taking its toll on our planet, and in the not too distant future, eight major cities could be underwater -- bangkok, lagos, manila, dhaka, shanghai, london, houston, and the one sinking at the fastest rate, jakarta. parts of the indonesian capital have already dropped four memeters. the rereason? rising sea levels, for one. but that's nothehe only lpririt. local resintnts arsteadidi dedepletinthe e grndwater pply below e city.
th basically creat a an aiaipocket into whicthe e eah above itinks. attemptso curtaithis development ha proven fficult,ecause almost ha of jakartatans rely on groundwat for ththeir day-to-d-day needs. our reporter, michaeael wetze, went to jakarta toto find outt more. ♪ michael: it's been a while since anyone prayed in thihis mosquen northern jakarta. the sea has long since claimed it. it makes irvan pulungan feel sad every time he sees the building. irvan: the sinking of the city is increasing in the past few years. and it touches me a lot because, you can imagine, people say their prayers here before, and they cannot do it anymore.
michael: the indonesian capital of jakarta is home to over 30 million people. it's one of the most densely populated cities in the world. and it has a problem. the threat isn't obvious here in the heart of the city. but it's severe. in the n north, home to many fishing communities, there's no ignoring the rising seawaters. this breakwall was built in 2002 in the muara baru district as protection against flooding. the sea wall is continuoususly being g reinforced and raise but that doesn't help. after a spell of heavy rainfall, the water begins pouring over again. jakarta is sinknking. irvan: when the groundwater is being extracted very much, and we lose our water catchment, the surface and the soil is sinking.
we have water extraction, and then came along climate change in the last 20 years. the climate change impact is doubling the vulnerability of the city because it is already below water naturally. michael: rising sea levels and sinking soil. the city needs more long-term solutions. pulungan used to be an environmental activist who campaigned for the rights of fishermen. nowadays, he advises the governor of jakarta and is part of a team working to stop the city from disappearing into the ground. he's well aware that anything he plans will have an impact on fishing. there are some 22,000 fishermen in jakarta.
these people harvest green mussels from the bay, a local specialty. they're cooked right on the beach. four years ago, the city authorities began building a chain of artificial islands off the northern coast to slow down land subsidence. it's had a serious impact on their catches. irvan: how many kilos do you catctch a day? khalil: about 50 kilos. irvan: and what about before the islands were built? khalil: back then, we caught 200 kilos! michael: now a new port is planned, along with a breakwall that's actually in the sea, 50 meters offshore. the fishermemen are worried thy soon won't be able to catch anything at all. they've learned to live with
regular flooding. but the new coastal wall would mean the end of their livelihoods. khalil: you want to know whether the coastal wall will disturb our access to the sea? i say that even if it has benefits for the community, the development plan has to be discussed with the affected community. michael: pulungan wants the fishermen to be part of the decision-making. the covered market wherere thy sell their catch is nearby. here, too, it's impossible to overlook the city's plight. the market was only built five years ago. but huge cracks are already showing. buildings in some parts of jakarta are sinking into the
ground at a rate of up to 25 centimeters a year. this major fountain in the heart of jakarta belies the fact that clean water is in desperately short supply. half the capital's population draws its water from illegal wells. and vast amounts of groundwater are used by the new high-rises springing up across town. that needs more regulation, says pulungan. irvan: to develop more water absorption facilities, to strerengthen their waste management facilities, and also to penalize where they are violating their water licensing. michael: the city is searching for ways to conserve the precious resource. preventing groundwater levels from further declining is essential. otherwise, jakarta will sink even faster, and flooding will
popose an even bigger threat. waste is another problem. in the monsoon seasoson, especially, trash h clogs upup rivers a and canals, so waterws can't drain into the sea. these days, an army of about 12,000 trash collectors work evacuated and torn down in the name of flood protection. the kampung of tongkol was slated for demolition in 2015. the huts were directly on the river, and inhabitants were supposed to be evicted. then they took matters into their own hands. they have torn down parts of their homes themselves, removing sections on the water's edge. gugun: three years ago, we cut our house. and before we did some cleaning
, river activitieses. we planted vegetables, flowers, and before, and everything here. this yes, it looks different. ,not really perfect, but -- michael: the result is a thriving, peaceful community, and residents whwho take priden keeping the neighborhood trash-free. and there's now a riverside walkway that's a comfortable distance from the e water. the community also has the support of a team of architects who developed a sustainable model home for tongkol. it's made of stone and wood, rather than plasastic and shst metal. seven families live here. >> this is small house, like pigeon house. michael: among them are gugun muhammad, his wife, and their two children. gugun: it's cooler than before. and i have window. this is important for me, because in the past, i don't have window.
michael: the archihitects are pinning their hopes on sustainable living solutions and social change. >> well, i am not saying the physical result is not imimportant,t, but i think the socicial process t that comes h it is the most important. michael: social responsibility. sustainable water management. the people of tongkol have shown what's possible. the community has become a model of clean and green living. now the neighborhood enjoys ststate support. irvan pulungan hopeses the authorities are starting to understand that when it comes to ensuring the city's survival, the urban poor in northern jakarta are part of the solution, not the problem. ♪ host: that's all from us this time. we're back next week, and we'd love to hear from you in the meantime.
announcer: on this episodede of "earth focus," ocean acidification caused by global warming is dramatically affecting marine life. in california, partnerships are forming between cocommercial fisheries, scientists, and community members to helelp the endangered abalone adapt and survive. [slide projector clicking] different announcer: "earth focus" is made possible in part by a grant from anne ray foundatia