tv DW News LINKTV January 24, 2020 3:00pm-3:31pm PST
>> this is dw news live from beberlin. china races to curb the spread of a deadly virus. the city has locked down, more than 40 million people quarantined. the world under alert. but the country is struggling to keep the coronavirus from spreading across china and beyond. also on the program, donald trump becomes the first sitting president to address the anti-abortion march for life in person. years after calliling himself po choice in every respect. we'll take you live to washington. and germany's chancellor markel meets with turkey's president
erdogan in istanbul. the two leaders find common ground on migration but differ on how to bring about peace in libya and syria. ♪[music] >> welcome to the program. china is taking on measures to contain the spread of a deadly new coronavirus, quarantining more than 40 million people, closing major tourist attractions and cancelling public events. it started in wuhan but has now spread to at least 12 other cities, all of which are now on lockdown. the outbreak comes just as china heads to the lunar new year, when millions travel to take part in celebrations. many of those events have been called off with more than 800 infections reported and more than 25 deaths. authorities are leaving nothing to chance.
>> a city of 11 million people with almost no one on the streets. trains, planes, buses, cars, almost nothing enters or leaves wuhan. hospitals in the epicenter of the outbreak are overwhelmed with patients. so overwhelmed that authorities have now decided to build a new dedicated hospital from scratch. they're hoping to complete construction in just six days. in existing hospitals, health workers are working tirelessly against the virus. [speaking foreign language] >> of course, we're worried. and so are our relatives. but we're nurses and will do our job as long as we wear the uniform. reporter: despite the rising number of cases, the world health organization has refrained from declaring a global health emergency. >> the advice to the dg, which is provided by the emergency committee, is that now is not
the time. reporter: but china isn't taking any chances. transport within and to a number of nearby cities have been cut. and the fear of contagion has produced dramatic scenes, like here at the airport. where a man suspected of carrying the virus was confined to a quarantine container. the lockdown now covers more than 30 million people. and it's putting a serious damper on the lunar new year holiday. >> how bad is this? we can talk to a virologist at lancaster university in the u.k. welcome to dw. 40 million people are quarantined. that sounds like an awful lot. is that going to stop this virus from spreading? >> well, if we look at the scientific evidence, all those case, those have been inside china and abroad, they have been linked to wuhan. this means, if we could have
contained wuhan, those outbreaks would have been stopped. but better late rather than never. this is a great opportunity for china to contain the infection. however, the main challenge will remain whether the chinese government will implement legislation over there and for how long a time. >> we are hearing of cases outside of china. so it sounds like it's out now. >> absolutely. so that's what i meant. if we could have these things already done like two weeks before, those cases could have beenen stopped. but now the infected patients are outside already and probably are spread more within china. therefore, these containments, restrictions or discouraging the gathering, these are probably less fruitful. however, it would still help to stop any further cases because the cases, those are already out, if those are identified, those could be contained. >> and how dangerous is it? are we talking about lots and lots of deaths around the world? and indeed, is there a vaccine?
>> at the moment, there is no vaccine for this coronavirus, because this is the seventh form of the coronavirus and this is completely new compared to what we have seen before. so there is no specific vaccine for this one. vaccine initiatives have already been taken. but it is a long route to develop a vaccine against this. and also, there is no viral -- once a person is infected, nothing can be done except supportive therapy. the only option left is personal hygiene and containment facilities that could restrict the spread of the virus. >> are we talking about this necessarily being deadly? >> well, if we look at it, it's a disease, a clinical sign and it has a genetic similarity with the virus. there is no evidence that this would not be deadly. however, the difference compared to the 2003 coronavirus has been
that the actions have been a lot quicker, information became available earlier, and the awareness in the world is much better than in 2003. therefore, it is relatively contained. however, if we look at the virus itself, this has the full potential to cause as pathogenic consequences as it has been in 2003. >> the u.n. today decided against declaring an international health emergency. what does that tell us about the severity of this outbreak? >> that has been taken as a surprise by the scientific communities because what we were banking on is that the virus has all those benchmarks required for spreading and also causing contamination around the globe. the decision has been taken based on two important decisions. fist, 25% are the only people severely infected and the people who have died are those people who have underlying causes, which means that the virus itself is not that pathogenic, which is not really proven scientifically.
therefore, many people are objecting on this. however, the decision has been taken. although they are open to rediscuss this thing, that means that -- the declaration means that only the national control strategies already being implemented will be considered sufficient and there will be some control measures that would be proposed. there will not be situation where the transport will be restricted. >> thank you for making that clear. from lancaster university, have a good day. >> thank you. >> we'll take a look at some of the other stories making news around the world. tens of thousands of demonstrators have returned to france's streets to oppose a planned overhaul of the pension system. on friday, they unveiled their final version of the draft law which critics say will force millions to work for longer. police in germany say six people have been killed in a shooting in the southwestern town of rot am see. two others were seriously
wounded. the suspect has been arrested and is reportedly related to all of the victims. swarms of locusts are eating their way across large parts of east africa in the worst outbreak some regions have seen for 70 years. the u.n. has called for aid to avert this major threat to food supplies. experts blame this on extreme weather swings. locusts can increase their numbers by 500 times in five months. u.s. president donald trump has been speaking at an anti-abortion rally in washington today, the first president to do so. he took to the stage as thousands gathered for the annual march for life, a rallying point for opponents to women's abortion rights, which were legalized in 1973. this happened as senators conducted the president's impeachment trial just a few blocks away. andd he's -- his campaign for re-election continues to gather pace. let's go straight to washington where we find oliver.
welcome, oliver. abortion, of course, a contentious political issue there in the u.s. what does the president's unprecedented decision to attend in person tell us? reporter: that's right, phil. very divisive issue indeed. but that's in part also why president trump decided to participate here for the first time, as you just mentioned, in the history of this protest, of this movement. he is finding thousands of conservative christian, mostly white protesters here, of the so-called march for life movement. those are all potential trump voters. they were very thankful for several policies president trump put into place, making abortion more complicated and let's not forget, he was celebrated here like a pop star. let's not forget we're in the middle of the 2020 election campaign right now and it's a crucial campaign for president trump. he is under severe pressure.
right behind me, you see the capitol where the impeachment trial is going into its third day today. so he's certainly also using every opportunity he can to distract from that impeachment trial and to surround himself by supporters. >> and what did he tell the crowd? reporter: well, we've heard some of them -- some of the conventional, traditional, typical arguments that the march movement put forward is that they have to speak up for those who can't speak themselves. also, religious arguments that every life has to be protected, even if it's unborn. so those were the most important arguments that president trump put forward here. but he also used this opportunity here as an election stunt, if you will, because a considerable amount of the time of his speech here, he used to attack the democrats and called them the most radical party in decades. >> and did he give any
indication as to why he was there, having previously called himself a pro-choice in every respect? did he explain to the crowd what he was doing there? reporter: well, he did not really elaborate on that. in fact, a long time ago, he called himself pro-choice, but then president trump, in his history, often changed positions. right here, this is the moment where he could cater to a lot of conservative voters, and he therefore took a very conservative position on the question of abortion since he became president of the united states. >> ok. and briefly then, oliver, what is this march for life? who marches, for what? reporter: well, we saw people of all ages here. but most of the participants were quite young. a lot of students. men and women alike. mostly white. religious, people that took to the streets here.
this is a very high, symbolic significance. that event has been taken place since 47 years, since a court ruling that bans -- that allows -- excuse me -- abortion in the united states. and they're marching to the supreme court and calling an end to this law. >> oliver in washington. thank you. this is dw news. still to come, china scrambles to contain the coronavirus coincides with a runner to the lunar new year celebrations, as the year of the rat begins. some say it's time to to giving the rodent such a bad rap. german chancellor angela merkel has held bilateral talks with turkish president erdogan in istanbul. under a deal, ankara agreed to prevent refugees traveling from turkey to departing for greece.
in exchange, turkey was supposed to receive billions of euros from the e.u. president erdogan has threatened multiple times to scrap the deal, saying europe is not fulfilling its commitments. reporter: the german chancellor and turkish president met at this palace in istanbul to rebuild trust and resolve some key issues, such as the refugee deal between turkey and the e.u. turkey says it has yet to receive most of the six billion yours it was promised for building new refugee camps. the e.u. denies this. ankara says it needs further funding because of the worsening situation in syria. >> around 400,000 migrants are making their way to us from the city of idlib. we have to work out how we can provide these people with humanitarian aid, especially in the winter months. reporter: ankara wants to build solid houses in turkish controlled parts of syria. experts warn international law
could hinder germany from providing further financial support. but chancellor merkel suggested it could be in the offing. >> i will consider how we can help turkey when it comes to people in syria who are living in tents because they have fled the conflict. and i'll determine whether we can supply more funding to improve the humanitarian situation there. reporter: the migration issue represents a key political challenge for both leaders. both within their own countries as well as abroad. >> straight to istanbul then where we can join dw correspondent julia. welcome, julia. now, chancellor merkel has signaled germany's willingness to provide funds for a new influx of migrants into europe. did president erdogan get what he wante wanted from europe? reporter: well, no decisions, no pledges were made today. but yes, more money, that's what
president erdogan wanted. on top of that, he got some friendly words and praise by the german chancellor. today she repeatedly said how thankful she is for turkey hosting 3.6 million refugees. she called it a huge challenge. and then, yes, she signaled there might be more financial support for turkey. germany will look into options of maybe helping to build shelters in syria's idlib province for refugees over there. that's a new thing. and then she also said there might be more funding on top of the six billion euros agreed upon between brussels and ankara under the so-called migration pact. now, you might wonder why would she do that. that's exactly because this migration pact is faltering. the number of migrants trying to cross into the european union
from turkey illegally has gone up sharply in recent months, in the past year. the refugee camps on the greek islands are hopelessly overcrowded. and president erdogan has repeatedly threatened to open the gates for migrants to europe. so merkel wants to make sure he still backs the still, he still is committed to it. she knows she needs him. she doesn't want to see another migration crisis in germany and the e.u. like in 2015. and erdogan exactly knows that. he knows how valuable he is for merkel and the europeans. >> and on libya, the two leaders had different stances, didn't they? reporter: well, apparently they have different understanding about progress that has been made on the ground. merkel, for example, said that during a libya conference in berlin last week, general hofstra, one of the rival
parties, verbally agreed to cease-fire and erdogan reacted quite angry, saying this man can't be trusted, as long as he didn't sign anything, and he didn't sign a cease-fire officially. he basically still continues his attacks and we have the right to continue our military support in the form of sending personnel for training to the tripoli government because turkey militarily supports the government there in tripoli. the u.n. recognized government. >> and briefly, if you wouldn't mind, julia, relations between the two countries have been fraught over recent years. did you detect any thawing? reporter: well, it was an unusually friendly atmosphere. erdogan repeatedly called merkel "my dear friend." merkel also was kind of, you know -- she was not very critical. she didn't openly criticize him for issues that are known to be
issues between germany and turkey. freedom of speech here in turkey, freedom of the press, rule of law all have come under attack. and merkel indeed met some civil society activists during her visit, who told her just that. but she didn't openly criticize. erdogan, to the contrary, they inaugurated a university campus of the turkish-german university together and it was quite a display of harmony there. erdogan gave merkel a present, a mirror. so that was basically the message here today. these strained relations now are kind of warming up. and that was an important message for merkel and erdogan, i guess. >> julia hahn in istanbul, thank you. international holocaust remembrance day will be officially observed on the 27th of january, the anniversary of the liberation of the auschwitz death camp.
with fewer holocaust survivors left as witnesses to the nazi regime, germany has been debating how to move forward with its culture of remembrance. the national holocaust museum has stood in central berlin for nearly 15 years, but how should future generations of germans deal with this darkest chapter in their country's history? dw had a survey. reporter: the horrors of the holocaust and nazi terror have had a lasting impact on the germany national psyche. death camps like auschwitz are seared into memory. a vast holocaust memorial stands in the very center of ber lib, within -- berlin, within view of the german parliament. >> we must never forget the holocaust. this is a fundamental principle not only for the state but also for society. what happened then was an unprecedented collapse of civil
laition. we must always remember what this led to in our country. reporter: according to a new survey, almost 40% of germans say it's time to stop discussing the nazi era. 60% disagree. >> we must always invoke these memories, because if they're forgotten, the same things could happen again. >> i was just in israel. at the memorial. it was terribly depressing. we must never forget, ever. >> when you see what's going on in other parts of the world, you see how important it is to keep alive the lessons and memories of what happened. especially given what's happening in parts of germany. reporter: so how much attention to memory is appropriate?
25% of germans surveyed think that there's too much discussion of nazi crimes. 55% think that there is an appropriate amount of discussion. and 17% say there's not enough. there are fewer holocaust survivors left to tell their stories. but the number of books, exhibitions and memorial sites is growing. 75% of germans polled say school field trips to holocaust-related memorial sites should be mandatory. over 60% support obligatory research into personal family history. and over 40% say asylum seekers should be educated about germany's nazi past. 55% disagree. overall, the survey suggests the history of nazi crimes is still firmly anchored in germany's collective memory. and that a majority of society does not want to forget.
>> now, there's more than six months to go. preparations for this year's olympic games in tokyo are entering their final stages. they include emergency response drills in the event of an earthquake. reporter: preparing for the worst but hoping they won't have to do it for real. in this drill, a rescue team from the tokyo fire department has just rushed into action. victims are treated on the spot or taken away on stretchers to have their injuries assessed. these are the first 15 minutes of a hypothetical 7.3 magnitude earthquake, in a country as quake prone as japan, intoxicato 2020 organizers are leaving nothing to chance. >> we are going to conduct a survey from the participants of this drill, including people with disabilities. to collect ideas and suggestions
for us to review our operations. reporter: this drill involved more than 500 volunteers. they played the role of evacuees with instructions relayed in both japanese and english. organizers acknowledge, though, that their linguistic capabilities must not stop there. >> we are aware that among foreigners, some people do not speak english. so what will be necessary to take measures to be able to deal with several languages. reporter: to the outside, this might all look quite scary. but the message to visitors is, don't be afraid. if any city in the world is prepared for an earthquake, it's tokyo. >> now, as you heard earlier, china has imposed travel restrictions on several cities as part of efforts to stop the spread of the deadly flulike coronavirus. it couldn't come at a worst time
t. country is heading into a week-long holiday for lunar new year when people usually travel back to their hometowns to join the celebrations. this year, people are welcoming the year of the rat. coincidental, a creature associated with spreading disease. ♪[music] >> disease spreading vermin. or cute furry pets. author marty has been living with rats for nearly 30 years. >> every single one of them has a different personality. i can actually predict their behavior. so to have an animal that's that kind of smart, unique, playful, inquisitive -- they're very cheerful. they're clean. reporter: to a rat is just like us? in 2007, hollywood made one of the clever rodents a star when it sent remi the rat into the kitchen as a cook. >> it's only a matter of time before i'm discovered.
reporter: but maybe that wasn't such a great idea. ♪[music] reporter: rats can spread more than 100 different infectious diseases. they're attracted to garbage and food waste. this boy was bitten when rats overran the pakistani city four years ago. a course of rabies shots saved his life but it wasn't an isolated incident. the city government finally sent an exterminator, who left poisoned food out for the rats. ♪[music] reporter: but why use poison when rats supposedly love music? back in the middle age, the pied piper of hamlin is said to have lured a whole hoard of rats out of his german city. what's clearly established is that rats have a fantastic sense of smell. they can even sniff out tuberculosis bacteria, which could lead to a quicker diagnosis for patients. rats are even deployed to detect
explosives, like here in the formerly war-torn cambodia. and what kind of thanks do they get? they get eaten. the rodents are considered a delicacy in cambodia. sweet and sour rat. so it's welcome news to some that the often misunderstood critter is now being honored and celebrated for chinese new year. according to chinese astrology, this is the year of the metal rat. >> the metal rat, the metal element, the qualities of the metal elements, are about sharpness, clarity, and doing the right thing. reporter: and rat whispering marty is convinced that peaceful coexistence between rats and humans is the right thing. >> hmm. coming up next is dw's ecoafrica, with a look at a
eddie take. and a verer wararm welcomome difference twenty four you're watching live from paris with nissan i'm chante a and the am at ten pm in the french capital here the headlines. unborn children have never heard a strong a defendant in the white house. those are the words of donald trump. it becomes the first president to attend the march for life rally in america is a forty seven year history. a deadly coronavirus is not reached europe with franz confirming two cases the news comes as the us also confirm the second case. meanwhile china's locked down to contain the disease it represents the firstar