tv Melissa Harris- Perry MSNBC February 6, 2016 7:00am-9:01am PST
there's a lost couple in the men's department. (vo) there's a great big un-khaki world out there. explore it in a subaru crosstrek. love. it's what makes a subaru, a subaru. this morning, my question. does it matter if a woman wins the white house? plus, the flint water crisis sparks a national political debate. and sweet honey in the rock performs live in nerdland. but first, policing progressive politics. ♪
good morning. i'm melissa harris-perry. and that music makes it sound like we're running for president! thursday night in their first one-on-one debate of the 2016, bernie sanders -- campaign, bernie sanders and hillary clinton exchanged jabs over foreign policy. health care and campaign tactics. but the biggest fireworks were sparked by one word. an ideology that has become the focal point of the race for the democratic nomination. progressivism. >> i have a progressive who gets things done. and the root of that word, progressive, is progress. >> all i've said, there is nothing wrong with being a moderate. but you can't be a moderate, you can't be a progressive. >> in your definition, as you being the self-proclaimed gate-keeper for progressivism, i don't know anyone else who fits that definition. >> establish a list of what it means to be a progressive that is unrealistic. >> not at all. >> but the candidates' fight over the meaning of progressivism did not end or begin on thursday night. clinton and sanders have been in
a full-fledged war over the term since sanders made this claim while campaigning in new hampshire on tuesday. >> hillary clinton has called herself a progressive with a plan. do you think hillary clinton is a progressive? >> some days, yes. except when she announces that she is a proud moderate. and then i guess she is not a progressive. >> the clinton campaign's response? e-mail after e-mail to supporters all outlining her career achieving progressive change. complete with bullet points to set her progressive record straight. the sanders' campaign fired back, with fact-check e-mails of its own. each doubling down on sanders' initial critique of clinton's progressivism. and this war of, well, word has just picked up steam since thursday's debate. but how did we even get to this point? well, this is nerdland, so to get to that answer, we're going to go back to the historical root of the word
"progressivism." during the progressive era between the 18990s and the 1920s, people who considered themselves progressive were part of a movement that sought to fix the economic and social problems that industrialization introduced. the era was known for muck-raking journalists like jacob rees, who brought the people the gritty details about local and national political machines. corporate greed and industrial corruption that contributed to poverty. you see, then being progressive, making social and political progress, meant that you shared the primary goal of ending blue to go race, removing barriers between the people, rich or poor. the progressives believe that the people, all people, should be partners in governing, and the government should have a direct hand in social change. but in order to help the people to affectively govern, progressives wanted americans to be as morally and ethically pure as possible. or as progressive era president
teddy roosevelt put it, the prime problem of our nation is to get the right type of good citizenship. so while seeking the right kind of good citizenship, progressives ushered in reforms like prohibition, hoping it would enhance political morality. now they also championed women's suffrage, arguing that women would provide a moral political compass. progressive era reformers were also concerned with efficiency in society and government in the workplace, and supported scientific exploration to identify a problem. training in expertise to solve it. but progressivism in america also has a troubling history. that same emphasis on scientific discovery was also used as a basis to support racism. and imperialism. while believing in the need to include the ordinary citizen in government, progressives also tended to believe in the inferiority of black people. and of immigrants. progressives' focus on expert
citizenry meant, for example, literacy tests for the would-be black voter. in fact, the progressive era coincided with a period we call the nadir of african-american history, marked by jim crow laws, rampant disen franchment and terrorism. the progressive era meant anything but progress for black americans. given this history, maybe it is better to be a progressive, only some of the time. joining me now, julian zel zero, professor of history, and public affairs at princeton university, and author of "the fierce urgency of now." lyndon johnson, congress and the battle for the great society. cristina beltran, professor at nyu. nina turner, former ohio state senator and national surrogate for bernie sanders. and khalil mohamed, director of the sham berg center for research and black culture, also author of "the condemnation of blackness: race, crime and the
making of modern america." so julian, what do you make of this kind of contemporary invocation of progressivism. what is the claim being made here? >> two claims. one is to the period you're talking about. early america in the 1900s, when there were reformers who are looking to europe, who are looking all over the world for ways in which the government can play a bigger role in diminishing social inequality and creating a political process that didn't just serve the wealthy. but to have that underside you were talking about, that's not what bernie sanders is trying to invoke. but the other is a different post 1970s tradition, where many liberals who felt as howard dean said that the democratic wing of the democratic party was going, wanted to defend the democratic traditions from ted kennedy right through bernie sanders. and it's a battle in the democratic party about how far to the center to go. and progressive really means new deal, great society kind of liberal. so i think there's really two periods this comes out of.
>> and the defense of the democratic party over and against a kind of centrist move is very much a defense of the democratic party over and against -- in its most recent era, the clinton move, right? so there is this triangulation move, it's a clinton move that is very clearly the d triple c. and i mean not hillary clinton but bill clinton who basically shows up on the stage and is like, look, you can have progressivism or a democratic president, somebody who can actually win. i'm here to win. i'm going to move hard to the center, i'm going to do it in some very particular ways. but you're going to also end up with a two-term democratic president and he made those choices explicitly. >> in many ways, hillary clinton is running against bill clinton's record of moderation. so -- >> sir, yes. >> so the language of progressivism is itself a recovery of some of the content that was lost during clinton's eight years of presidency. and also, a way of transcending the kind of baggage that liberalism has, even in the context of president obama's
election. so we get this very squishy notion of progressivism that was articulated by hillary clinton, and very nonsensical terms, which is a progressivism is someone who can make progress. like -- that means nothing. because progress can move in any direction. >> that's right. >> even in the context of the historical notions of progressivism, we saw progress moving towards greater liberalization of wages and workplace safety and even housing conditions for many white americans at the same time that we saw, as you have just aptly described, the elimination of equality and substance for black people. >> and so -- that said, i've got to say, i am irritated by the like you're not a real progressive. because i've got to say, it sounds to me, not unlike the -- you're not a real conservative discourse that occurs on the right. i'm very nervous about ideological litmus tests on the basis of which we will make the value of an argument. so i don't think that we should
exclusively make pragmatic arguments in our politics. i think that's the kind of deadening of our politics. on the other hand, i also don't think we should have some sort of -- like here's the list of the ten things you have to believe in order to be kind of in my club. >> right, exactly. we should be having a conversation about what constitutes the content of progressivism and really having a debate over what's going on there. and i think what you're doing, this is really important. i would argue that there are elements of that earlier progressivism that have echoed through hillary clinton, you know, her -- you know, her and bernie to some extent, there is a certain dynamic that does exist here between protecting and policing populations. that a desire to both sometimes the clinton era was an era that conjured up both pity and fear for communities they were trying to serve. so i think the idea that there is a proper citizenship and a proper progressive, i think that haunts progressive politics, which is in an effort to, you know, kind of animate state power. there is also a concern that perhaps we need to have a certain kind of proper citizen.
and a proper citizen behaves a certain way and prioritizes identity in a particular way. and so there is a kind of policing logic in what constitutes good civic behavior. and i think that still haunts democratic politics from its far left versions to its more conservative version. >> this is not a small point, that idea of animating the state on the one hand, you know, you want the state to get animated around assisting in reducing economic inequality, which i hear mr. sanders talk about in the really powerful way. you don't necessarily want the state to get animated on the ground in ferguson, right, in these other kinds of ways. nina, so help me out a little bit. because it does seem to me that part of what mr. sanders is doing here is this kind of battle for the soul of the democratic party language. but is that what he's really doing? or is this just straight up politics, right? like is this like, okay, okay, i actually now see a pathway to winning, and i'm just going to hammer the thing that will allow me to win. >> let's go back to the fact that he didn't necessarily start
this debate. >> no. but he is in it now. >> but he's in it now. but this is really about the mission of the thing. so i agree, this is about the mission of the thing. when he stands up and says that people -- we should go for a $15 an hour minimum wage in this country, people who work 40 hours a week should not still be poor. that's progress in the right direction. because i agree with the professor. we can progress the other way. and you're absolutely right. for us in terms of what pure progressivism means in the earlier days of american history, black folks didn't make out so well. in that. but we see a sea change in what sanders is talking about, when he talks about the five violences against black and brown folks. and he called them violences, legal, political, physical, economic, and environmental. all of those things speak to whether or not we as a country, not only will dream big, but use the full power and weight of the federal government to get those kinds of things done. so for me, i want a leader who
does dream big, who does think big. somebody once said that man's grass -- his reach should exceed his grasp. that is really what senator sanders is talking about. >> all right. so this is interesting question about whether -- just how far that grasp is. when we come back, we're going to talk about that other big question, electability. was engineered... ...to help sense danger before you do. because when you live to innovate, you innovate to live. the all-new audi q7. a higher form of intelligence has arrived. ugh! heartburn!
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the large voter turnout and helps us win. >> i think it's fair to say that whoever is in that position, senator sanders or anyone else who might have run, will face the most withering onslaught. so i think that i am the person who can do all aspects of the job. i think i'm the person best prepared to take the case to the republicans. >> that was bernie sanders and hillary clinton in thursday's debate. arguing about who would be the most electable candidate in the general election. according to a national quinnipiac poll released yesterday, clinton leads sanders by only two points and the poll also shows that sanders is the strongest candidate in a hypothetical -- set of hypothetical general election match-ups. the senator donald trump beats donald trump, while clinton leads trump 46-41%. that, of course, is also all gobblely gook at this point in the election cycle. that said, what i thought was
really interesting about the argument that bernie sanders made there, is he made an argument that he has longer coat tails than hillary clinton. which i think is the first time i've heard anyone make that argument. i'm wondering what you think and then i'll come back around. >> look, the parramis of his argument, he's a mobile-up campaign not unlike 2008, and in the end, that combined with his being firmly rooted in where congressional democrats are. they're not all as far from him as you might think. >> sure. >> that he in the end could generate the excitement, the votes to not just have a democratic president, but a democratic government. i don't think that's true. but you can see where the argument comes from. >> i just really -- sanders' campaign to stop saying that it is 2008. it's just okay for it to be 2016. senator, it's 2016. and you're not barack obama. just -- barack obama 2012 wasn't
even barack obama 2008. it's different. it's okay to be different. >> i don't think the campaign is saying that. those parallels to it is not exactly saying -- you're right. it is okay to be 2016. we are -- >> be your own self. >> professor, this is the thing here in terms of the coat tails. we got slaughtered, we being the democratic party in 2014. i was part of that slaughter when i ran for statewide office in the great state of ohio. >> every midterm. every time president obama was not there, actually. yes. >> so we do need leaders, starting with the president. but then in with the president, who will say every single freakin' election is important. that you can't nation-build for years. >> so i have never -- okay. so i want to pause on this for a second. because i'm not sure this can happen. in fact, i would argue that for me, thursday night, watching hillary clinton and bernie sanders, already this early, we are in new hampshire. and our party is so anemic, we are down to two candidates, right?
say what you want to say about the mad house going on on the republican side. >> they've got diversity. >> all kinds of folks. still want the republican nomination. >> i'm with you. >> we have two folks who are advanced in age, who have been in government for a long time. >> are they both in the same generation, professor in please say that so folks can hear you at home. >> all of that is true, happening on the stage. is there a democratic -- like -- can you have a coat tail at a party that's anemic at this point? >> in terms of what is happening now and the energy. i agree with you, professor. it cannot solely happen at the presidential level. but you need that large cache to say that electing a school board member is just as important. >> it is. >> as president of the united states of america. now, but your point -- i am very critical about my party when it comes to where the heck is the diversity, where is the diversity. and you're right. we can say whatever we want to say about our republican brothers and sisters. but they've got something for everybody. >> it's wider than the oscars up in here! >> that's low.
you went there. >> the republican party as a whole has moved to the right. electorately, politically, and they might have more people on the stage. but i'm not sure it's so politically diverse. >> no, but i just -- i literally just need a robustness of the party. >> yes. >> right. and i don't even mean that. i just mean a robustness of the party. i just mean the idea that when there was an open seat race, after two years of an incumbent president, that a bunch of people threw their hat in. and said i'm ready to run. i am -- i'm ready to go and go for this. you could argue about -- you have to run in all 50 states. that actually is critical. >> yeah, and you can argue, actually, one of the issues with hillary clinton, she has taken up so much oxygen of the party. what kind of bench we're going to have post hillary. and even post biden. the sense there are these people we have to wait. so i don't think we have a sense of how deep the democratic bench is yet. until -- until hillary -- until this thing runs out.
either she doesn't win or does win this cycle. i think that's one of the issues. i think the other is, elections are simultaneously places that can create spaces for movement the, but not social movements. like, we can't -- >> that's right. >> we can't have -- we need a revitalized democracy that isn't just about electing people. at the point at which you're done electing them, you become a spectator again. >> you need a movement that has a larger -- >> but that's the political revolution. and let me say -- i know professor wants to get in here. >> you're apparently going to get up in here and there is a commercial. the reason we have commercials, we have to pay for the tv show, just like college, because free college is not a thing and we're going to talk about that when we come back. if you have high blood pressure like i do, many cold medicines may raise your blood pressure. that's why there's coricidin® hbp. it relieves cold symptoms without raising blood pressure. so look for powerful
college. but i don't believe in free college. because every expert that i have talked to says, look, how will you ever control the costs? what i want to do is make sure middle class kids, not donald trump's kids, get to be able to afford college. i want to get the economy going again. it's not just enough about what we're against, as important as that is. let's go down a path where we can actually tell people what we will do, a progressive is someone who makes progress. that's what i intend to do. >> that was hillary clinton saying khalil's favorite line. so tell me why that liner states you so much. >> it irritates me, but ultimately, bernie sanders, to come back to the political revolutionary issue, the longer coat tails, he is channelling the occupy movement and the black lives matter movement. he is uncomfortable wrestling with the explicitness of a blackness in racism. i concede that. but ultimately it comes as a reaction to both the democratic
party and the unwillingness to wrestle with poverty and economic immobility in this country. of which hillary clinton in that line just there is talking yet again, like the president obama has done, about the middle class. so there's an unwillingness fundamentally to wrestle with entrenched generational poverty and lack of economics so she can talk about it in big terms. but at the end of the day, what she is speaking to is the same middle of the road, middle class. the issue here is not donald trump's kids versus some notion of the middle class. the issue is we won't have a middle class. >> all right. so let's go on that. because i like this idea of channelling occupy, right? and i particularly like it in the language of a free college. because for me, occupy is on the one hand this beautiful discourse, gives us the 99.1%, gives us clear ways of thinking about what inequality looks like. it also occupies land in manhattan that, you know, is
occupied land, right? like it also fails to do a really important understanding of the intersectionality of the ways in which race and american history and imperialism and colonialism connect together in language like occupation, okay? and the reason i want to say that, for me, what i need mr. sanders to do when he talks about accessible college is to stop saying free college. because i think it actually dumbs down a very important debate about accessibility. free college sounds like we're throwing open the doors to all of america's colleges and universities. and that actually is not a thing. that is not going to happen. that's not going to happen with this president or any other. if it did, what it would do to the thing that is the american college and university system is deeply troubling in a way nobody wants. so have the actual debate. allow people to be complicated as -- we're going to have a revolution, let's have a good one! >> he's talking about affordability. >> but he doesn't say that. he stands up and says free
college. >> affordability. look, i've been traveling the country and i have met young folks who flat out -- one young man when i was in des moines, he said, i am not in college right now. because i cannot afford it. >> that's real. >> i can't afford it. so for so many young -- it's not just the college affordability. it is also senator sanders is saying as a federal government, we should be able to allow young people to change interest rates. >> yes. >> right? >> so they shouldn't -- we should not -- students should not be borrowing at an interest rate to go to school. we should invest in young people. >> that's right. >> this debate is fundamentally about -- i think when he talks about free college, what he's trying to do is bring back a language of publicness of education. >> yes. >> public education matters. education should be a public right. so the discourse of publicness, but as you're pointing out, we have an issue of private and public schools. i come from california where i'm a uc graduate so uc and the kind of cal state and uc and
community college system there, you have that in texas. you have a public language that i think he's trying to revitalize, which we have lost in the language of student debt. >> he's trying to balance the need for specificity, and i agree with your point, with the need to inspire. and the need to make a strong argument that many democrats feel has been lost. >> sure. >> and it's the two arguments -- it's not just inequality for him. this is my read. one is that government is good. and that's an argument that clintons have shied away from. >> yes. >> and he says it with vigor. and the second is a big point, but is relevant. the political process is broken. and he says that's not pie in the sky. >> that's right. >> that's actually at the heart of what's going on here. >> that's it. >> but i do think he needs to address that kind of concern or he'll be seen as a -- >> and you can continue -- i want to also say this. mr. trump's children, and anybody in that bracket, they will not go to public colleges and universities. this is not about making that
free for those young folks. >> oh. no, they might. oh, no. no, no, they might. i'm going to make an argument on that. >> make an argument, okay. >> i don't know if you saw what happened with the public charter school population with the rich people thing when we come back. stay with us. ♪ [screaming] ♪ ♪ the bold nissan rogue, with intuitive all wheel drive. because winter needs a hero. now get a $199 per month lease on the 2016 nissan rogue. nissan. innovation that excites. her long day as anne. hair stylist starts with shoulder pain when...
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i may not have done the job i should in explaining my record. you know? i did when i left the secretary of state's office, like so many former officials, military leaders, journalists, others. i did go on the speaking circuit. >> are you willing to release the transcripts of all your paid speeches? we do know through reporting that there were transcription services for those paid speeches, and in full disclosure, would you release all of them? >> i will look into it.
i don't know the status, but i will certainly look into it. >> so that was hillary clinton during thursday night's democratic debate. and i've made -- just kind of a straight political science argue for a lot of years about a challenge that hillary clinton faces a round of electionability that doesn't have anything to do with the quality of governance, ideology or anything else. it's just that typically what you want in a campaign when you're going into to run for president, you want some substantial portion of the american people to not have an opinion about you. right? it's one of the things that is benefitting bernie sanders right now. so high likeables are fine. but you just literally want a group of people who are like, i've never even heard of that person. because you want your campaign to teach them something. and that one of the challenges is just people believe that they know everything there is -- whether or not they actually do, they believe they -- that they know hillary clinton, good, bad or otherwise. and i wonder if that lack of space for people to feel like they can learn something about
her is the challenge. so you constantly get, will you release this. so everything feels like an investigation rather than a campaign of learning. >> that's a great way to put it. it's a constant investigation of hillary. she has been on the public mind since 1991. >> which it turns out is a long time ago. it doesn't feel like a long time ago to me. >> that's the point when jeb bush was not a total disaster. my life has made no progress, a bush and a clinton. >> no progress. >> no progress. so that feeling, no progress. so this feeling of knowability i think for her is a huge dynamic. and i do think that on the other hand, coming after barack obama, there could be something that she can parlay here in terms of the fact that one thing we didn't know is how barack obama would be as a political fighter. we didn't know what kind of -- we knew what his vision was. and i think bernie has the same thing, we know what his vision
is. but that language of getting things done, that language of tenacity. that language of i've been beaten up and i keep coming back and i'm the terminator when it comes to the political things. i think she might be able to -- i think she can never do like this reintroduction of hillary. that will not work. >> yeah. >> everybody knows hillary. it's a question of if you know what i am, good, bad and ugly, here's how i can win battles politically for you. that's why these numbers of the quinnipiac poll mean nothing. people are like, i don't know bernie, seems nice. her, they know everything. >> a lot of her campaign is about undoing what people think about her. >> yeah. >> that's a hard way to run a campaign. you're supposed to put forward ideas that sound exciting. you're supposed to introduce americans to this potential leader. but every debate, every speech, a lot of it comes back to i'm not that person. >> right. >> and she said this. >> right, right. >> she buys into this way of campaigning. and it's hard to think of a precedent where someone does well that way. >> well, there is -- interesting contradiction here. the line where she says i'm not
the establishment, i'm the first woman running for president. so that dissonance is exactly the opposite of what you just said. which is she is the establishment. and so if she's going to be the establishment, she needs to own it. the kennedy family could never say we're not the establishment. >> yeah, just be like, yeah, i run it. and what? i know where the machines are, i know where the bodies are buried. i put some of them there -- >> an awful lot of the accomplishments of the obama era was undoing the first clinton -- the -- >> that gets to the heart of the first argument we talked about. exactly the debate. >> thank you. we're all going to be back later in the program. up next, we talk to a mother whose family has been suffering the real life consequences of the flint water crisis. when we come back. just drop me off right here. oh no, i'll take you up to the front of the school. that's where your friends are. seriously, it's, it's really fine. you don't want to be seen with your dad? no, it's..no.. this about a boy? dad! stop, please. oh, there's tracy. what! [ horn honking ]
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♪ everything kids touch during cold and flu season sticks with them. make sure the germs they bring home don't stick around. use clorox disinfecting products. because no one kills germs better than clorox. this week, national political leaders turned their focus to the water crisis in flint. later today, a congressional delegation will travel to the
city to visit neighborhoods and meet with families who have been affected. tomorrow, hillary clinton will be taking a break from primary campaigning in new hampshire to fly to flint at the invitation of the mayor. she'll be using her visit to push the u.s. senate to approve $600 million in federal funding for flint's recovery. and to ask questions about the progress of the emergency response. meanwhile, the house of representatives had a few questions of their own. wednesday, members of a house committee put the environmental protection agency in the hot seat. during a hearing about the agency's response to the crisis. tempers flared as members of the bipartisan house committee grilled both federal and state environmental officials about the disaster that exposed flint residents to lead-tainted water for months. >> for lack of 80 to $100 a day, that's what you said, which is about -- let me do the math. it's about $30,000 a year. for that much money, we poison the kids in flint, didn't we? >> children are the living
messages we sent to a future we will never see. the question is, is what will they leave us, and how will we send them into that future? will we rob them of their desti destiny? will we rob them of their dreams? no! we will not do that. >> this governor of michigan and his emergency manager hand-picked to save money. he got caught red-handed, poisoning children in flint. and the residents of flint. there is no two ways about it. that's the headline here. >> one of the most impassioned moments of the hearing came from leeann walters, a flint mother, one of the first to raise the alarm about the tainted water, and whose son has tested positive for lead poisoning. >> now my home is known as ground zero. the people of flint stand with the people of d.c., who suffered a decade ago because we know the horror of poison running through other our taps and the negligent
sees of those who are to protect us. >> michigan governor rick snyder, who was not invited by the republicans who run the can committee. congressman cummings accused the republicans of letting the governor off the hook, and he and his fellow democrats demanded the committee's chair bring schneider in to testify. >> the problem is today we are missing the most critical witness of all. the governor of the state of michigan, rick snyder. he is not here. governor snyder should have to answer for his decisions. >> also missing from the proceedings was former flint emergency manager, darnell early who oversaw the switch from the flint river. the night before the hearing, he was subpoenaed to appear before the committee. his attorney refused on the grounds he needed more time to prepare. but later said early will appear if he is subpoenaed again.
meanwhile, a group of flint residents in the audience at the hearing didn't wait for an invitation. they traveled overnight by bus to washington to show congress the faces of this disaster. a member of that group joins me now from ann arbor, melissa mays is the founder of clean water advocacy group, what are you fighting for. you were there. >> hello. >> what did you hear in those testimonies? >> it was great to hear congress just tear into the mdeq and epa. because they were supposed to protect us. in fact, what they did was lie. they covered it up, covered it up. they ignored us, they tried to shut us up repeatedly. as we are out on the streets, we were in legislation, we were testifying over and over and over again what was going on with our health, what was going on with the quality of our water. what we found out through our testing, and, of course, worked with virginia tech to get the truth out and they still called us liars and put us down, even when the doctor came out, she
was a liar. she was an unfortunate researcher. so to hear the congressman, especially congressman cummings tear into t are i smiled. unfortunately, without early or schneider being there, there are unanswered questions, but i look forward to future hearings for that. i would like to have a little box of popcorn with me and hear what they have to say. because everything so far has been lies, coverups. i didn't know, and just ridiculous answers or no answers at all. >> as we were talking about the story, this morning, before -- as our team meets, and we were talking about the story of your family, the only thing that i can describe that was happening among my producers and me is rage. absolute rage about what has happened to you and your children. will you please share that story with my viewers? >> well, the worst part is what's happening to my sons. i will take the hit. i have seizures, i've got diverticulosis. i have to go in for a liver biopsy now to see what toxins are in my system.
off the oarthritis. i'm in pain, but i would take that any day over what my sons are suffering through. my 12-year-old can't sleep at night, because his bones hurt so bad. my 11-year-old, his white blood cell count is 4. he is so anemic, he looks exhausted all of the time. he gets sick any time they go anywhere. my kids want to play sports and i'm too scared to let them because their bones are brittle. my 12-year-old fell off his bike and his wrists just slipterred, it just collapsed. and the doctor couldn't figure it out. the worst part is watching my 17-year-old, who has worked his rear end off for years so he could test into a high school where he could take college classes at the same time and graduate with a dmoem and associates degree and the fact that now he has a c-plus average, he's mixing up simple things like pluses and minuses in advanced algebra. we talked to his teacher every week and she loves and supports him, but he is struggling so hard now, and that is completely unfair. they didn't ask for this. they didn't do anything to
deserve this. now their futures are derailed and they have to work twice as hard at something that was coming easy for them. so watching them fight me in the morning because they don't want to go to school because it's too hard now and they don't understand why, there is no excuse. this i didn't know, it's an inexcusable. and honestly, there's 100,000 residents going through what i'm going through, what my family is going through now and it's not okay. >> and at the same time, it is my understanding that you are both getting municipal water bills and paying for bottled water? >> yes. yes. because going to the -- we don't give out enough water. they give you -- unless you have a child under 6, they give one case of water. we go through that a day. at least that. we have two dogs and a cat that we won't give tap water to, because they became ill. we watch our vegetables and our meats in bottled water. wash our face, brush our teeth, everything in the bottled water. so the one case isn't enough. so we continue to buy it at the
store. and my newest water bill came a couple days ago and it's $1,064, and i don't want to pay that, i shouldn't have to, because it's poison. it's been prepaid -- the water was prepaid by the state foundation. why we're getting bills is beyond me. the city administrator -- city appointed state administrator says we need to pay for it because we're still using water. of course, we have to. >> if you are using that much bottled water, what in the world are you doing with the bottles? >> that's another thing, too. we haven't gotten our recyclinging bins yet. they're supposed to delivery cycling bins, but we fill up a small kitchen garbage bag a day of these bags, so my husband has to drive them to work to recycle them there, otherwise they're covering the whole house. and i'm looking at this going, well, now i'm destroying the environment. i was against bottled water to begin with. now i'm forced to use it. and forced to pay for it, forced to pay my water bills, and i'm going, wow, what kind of world do we live in. the environmental physician we need isn't covered by insurance
so we need $200 to talk to her and we pay for the detox meds, which we don't know if they're working or not. but we're left with no options when what we need is home filtration and pipes replaced. >> melissa mays in ann arbor, michigan. what you just did was to make it absolutely plain. thank you for joining us this morning. >> thank you. >>. coming up, flint is not the only place where residents are suffering from the consequences of lead exposure. and that's next. alm music ♪ "hi, you've reached emma. i'm out of the office right now but will get back to you just as soon as i possibly can. your call is important to me." join princess cruises for exclusive discovery at sea experiences. limited caribbean fares from $549. call your travel consultant or 1-800-princess. princess cruises. come back new. ... 83% try to eat healthy. yet up 90% fall short in
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the flint water crisis has renewed attention to the broader threat of lead exposure, and in particular to children throughout the country. this week the "detroit news" reported that metal continues to turn up annually in the bodies of thousands of children, in percentages well above numbers that raised red flags in flint. the centers for disease control data found thousands of pennsylvania children had unsafe
levels of metal in their blood. and on monday, new jersey launched a plan to address more than 200,000 children in the state who over the last 15 years were diagnosed with elevated levels of lead. according to the cdc, in 2014, among 27 states that reported blood lead levels in children under the age of 6, children in 12 of those states had even higher rates of lead poisoning than flint. so one of the reasons i wanted you at the table to talk about this, khalil, the work you do around the condemnation of blackness and this construction of race in our notions of crime. and in part what we know about the physiological effects of lead, and its connection to behavioral, cognitive, academic, intellectual challenges. even what we heard there from melissa mays and what it's done to her children in a matter of a couple of years, who are over that age 6. and what we know, these are communities that tend to have high concentrations of poverty, and that are often communities
that are black and brown. and i'm wondering, the ways in which these realities might be connected. >> well, one of the lessons of the progressive era is that throwing black people under the bus for liberals, particularly in northern cities, the very sites that were having a conversation today about inequality, by and large, was itself a progressive solution to the limits of economic unlimited economic resources. so given the choice between who we should invest in, what kinds of communities should benefit from our expertise and our capacity to make the right decision on behalf of the public mentality that black people's roads weren't paved in the early 20th century. meant that their sewer systems were still privies and outhouses, long after the modern sanitation regime existed in america. in other words, we are seeing the same racial gap in terms of the infrastructure that we know
works in many communities, mostly white, almost always well off or wealthy as compared to poor, black and brown communities. and that itself is part of the progressive era legacy. at the same time, we have a failure of ideology in this moment. this is not just about those institutions -- those individuals in michigan or in new jersey or in pennsylvania. this is about an ideology that says, we can't afford our public good. and therefore, we are making choices at the margins everywhere. >> that's right. >> and therefore, the communities that have the least political currency and least ability to move the political needle are the ones who are going to be sacrificed. first. it is not an accident that the same emergency manager, darnel early, responsible for what happened in flint under snyder's watch is the same that just resigned in detroit, where their school system is completely falling apart. >> i totally agree. and this is about immoral
incompetencies right here. in terms of government's power and sway to create spaces where all folks are equal. and the system is rigged. and so that begs back into this whole notion about is there a need for a political revolution that says that poor folks -- poor folks matter too. this is what -- >> maybe first. >> first. yeah. >> you have to invest double to even get -- >> and the mothers' pain -- professor -- mother to mother. jesus christ! you know her -- for life! this is for life. and that governor needs to be locked up, along with anybody else that was complicit, because there is flesh and blood behind the kind of cavalier, nothing to see here. when general motors says that that water was corroding cars? yet it took local, state and federal officials did not do their daggone jobs. >> speaking of locked up -- i had forgotten, because, of course, we always forget the
people who are locked up. >> yes. >> people in the flint jails were still drinking the water, including imprisoned pregnant women drinking that water up until about a month and a half ago. so -- and, again, corroding car parts. >> right, right. and our hispanic brothers and sisters. >> that's right, that's right. and in undocumented communities, because in part of the raids coming out of department of homeland security, which creates a culture of fear, people were not opening the door when federal officials were coming and local officials were coming to bring water, that is correct. thank you to nina turner and khalil mohamed. the mayor has been doing the work to address this, invited hillary clinton to flint, and the candidate is heading there, and guess what? we're going to have mayor weaver live on our show tomorrow. because mayor weaver ain't waiting for nobody. she is working to save her people now. she will be on our show tomorrow. coming up next, doesn't matter to have a woman as president. also sweet honey and the rock is
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♪ welcome back. i'm melissa harris-perry, and this year, american voters have an opportunity to make history. presidential gender history. it's not the first time. i mean, in 1984, geraldine ferraro served as the vice presidential pick for democrat walter mondale. and had they defeated the incumbent that year, ferraro would have been the woman with the highest-ranking elected position in u.s. history. in 2008, that precise opportunity presented itself again, when sarah palin campaigned alongside john mccain, offering the possibility of securing the dp role for the ladies once more.
2008 was also the year hillary clinton, then a senator, stood on the same historical precipice she now occupies. just months from securing the democratic nomination, and potentially claiming the top spot. the presidency itself. but each time that there has been a real chance of sending a woman to the white house, either as the qb or the vp, american voters have passed in favor of a bro show. here's my question. should we care? more specifically, should feminists care? should those who believe that gender equity is critical to a fair and functioning democracy care whether or not we elect a woman to the u.s. presidency? now, on the one hand, as the mom of young daughters, the answer for me is an emphatic yes. i mean, i have read "grace for president" to my daughters so often, the pages are worn. as mrs. barrington introduces her elementary class to the u.s. president, where are the girls? and she decides to be the first girl president by running
against tom in a class election. i invite you to read it and see how it turns out. thanks, wyoming. i shared this story with my girls repeatedly, because feminism does assert the importance of women occupying positions of power. but feminism is not just picture book girl power. or even wicked displays of sexy, self identification. no matter how satisfying those may be. a new survey from the "washington post" and kaiser family foundation set out to understand just how americans think about feminism. they found that 60% of women now identify as feminists. so do about a third of men. turns out that those much sought after consumers and voters millennial women are more likely to identify as feminists and the generation immediately preceding them. millennials look like those who dominated the baby boomers. maybe that's why barbie got a
sweeping makeover. when she was first introduced, it was to help women remember they could be single ladies with cars and homes of their own. ken was just an accessory. and now barbie is as intersectional as millennials themselves. tall and petite, curvy, brown and multicultural. yes! so with kaiser finding that big majorities of women support ensuring equal pay for equal work, reducing domestic violence and sexual assault, providing affordable child care, it's clear that feminism matters to american women. but with only 38% of women reporting that electing more women to public offices is a top priority when it comes to improving their lives, the question remains, does having a woman as president matter, even to feminists? joining me now is my all star feminist panel, nancy cohen, brittney cooper, assistant professor at rutgers university and contributor at salon.com. cristina beltran, associate
professor at new york university and author of "the trouble with unity" and republican strategist, susan del percento and chrissa thompson, one of the partners in the new feminism poll that i just mentioned. chrissa, nice to have you. can you tell me what you found to be among the most surprising findings from the survey? >> sure. so we undertook this project to really explore what feminism means today, and especially how it's playing out in the lives of young women. and so the data point that showed that young women really see the feminist movement as important to their lives, i think was surprising for us. they were more likely to say that feminism is not outdated. that it's relevant. and as opposed to large majorities of the general public, you know, they don't see it as necessarily having a bad reputation. now, the way feminism is playing out in their lives is radically different than a couple of
generations ago. you know, there are not charismatic leaders that they name as being really important to them. or necessarily like national organizations that are leading the feminist movement for them. but really the connective tissue of the internet sort of holding all of this together. nearly half of young women said they had spoken out about women's rights on social media, which was surprising, as well. >> yeah, so i thought this was interesting -- there's a kind of funny gap that on the one hand, when asked to describe or identify a feminist icon, the person who rises to the top for them is hillary clinton. she gets more mentions than anybody else. not a majority, but more than anybody else at 22%. but then when asked whether or not it's important to, you know, elect women -- more women to office, it doesn't seem to be particularly important. and i guess i'm wondering why you think that gap exists. >> it's interesting. you know, voting and sort of those traditionally like
political ways of expressing feminism did not rise high. for young women or for any women in our survey. you know, the issues that we see are important in terms of equal pay. that was more important than electing a woman to high office. you know, affordable child care. those kinds of things. really, this feminism, especially for young women, is about how it's playing out in individual lives. in their relationships with one another, in a view of how they see the world. and electing hillary clinton isn't necessarily playing into that in any real way. >> stick with us, chrissa. nancy, let me come to you on this. >> well, chrissa, this was such a fascinating survey, and the article that you guys wrote about it was great. thank you for this. i have so much to say. >> i wrote a book about this! yeah, yeah, yeah. >> let me back up a second about this. so right after obama was elected -- re-elected in 2012,
it was pretty clear that hillary clinton was going to be the front runner, as -- for the democratic nomination. we had also just been through an election, where women's rights, women's health and women voters made the difference. so here's a little factoid. if women had had so much as split their votes between romney and obama, romney would have won the election by 4 million votes. >> but wait a minute. okay. but -- and i -- because this is the thing -- right here for me is when it all goes -- because i just -- i have to show -- it's my favorite chart. at all points i really just want it behind me. because it isn't women. that's not what happened. it's just not. so when you look at the exit polls from 2012, it isn't women. because actually women did -- white women voted for mr. romney. 56% of white victim voted for mitt romney. i want to say this again. 56% of white women voted for mr.
romney. the reason it wasn't a split, african-american women and latinas overwhelmingly showed up for the president. so it wasn't -- that's not women. >> absolutely. >> that's the race! that's the black and the browns happening. it's different. >> so absolutely. i think the point is critical here, that democrats are depending, particularly on latinas and black women, to elect democrats, and democrats should deliver to them. but let me make a point about the white voters. whites in general are older, they're wealthier. so they tend more republican. and i really do think in 2012 -- i looked at some of the state exit polls at that time. what you see is the white numbers skewing, because white evangelical women in the south vote republican at like 90%. whereas california, it's probably 60% of white women. so it doesn't -- it's really -- we're really not as bad --
>> no, no, no! it's not a question of bad. it's really not a question of bad or good. but it does feel to me like a question of -- in part of strategy. chrissa, i want to come to you for one second on this. i'm wondering, as you all were doing these data, looking at the millennials and seeing that the millennials are looking like the baby boomers, part of what is interesting to me about that around the question of both of them showing up as feminists is that -- is the kind of intersectional racial differences that are true of millennial women versus baby boomer women. that isn't just an age difference. that's also a race difference, right? that is a bunch of brown women saying we're feminists versus a much larger proportion of white women saying we're feminists. >> that's true. so what we found in our reporting, and also the poll is this then becomes something that is very socially diffuse, and what does feminism mean to you. and lots of women have different answers to that. and so the question of whether
this movement now brings some political power to the table when it comes to something like a presidential election is a question that, you know, we sort of have to ponder. but we have to remember that this term is also freighted with a lot of history that showed up in our survey, as well. you had more than half of women -- not just women. more than half of our respondents said that feminism itself has a bad reputation, while the women's movement had a good reputation. >> right. we're going to take a break. i'm getting everybody back in on the rest of this. chrissa thompson in washington, d.c. my favorite little factoid, you were nine months pregnant with a girl while working on that survey, which is just -- i can imagine also was a fun part of working on it. so thank you for that study. when we come back, more on gender, more on the 2016 campaign. as we go, we're going to listen to hillary clinton talking about shattering that glass ceiling. >> i'm going to try to break the
highest and hardest glass ceiling. i hope it splinters completely. and -- and i hope for your daughters it opens doors that might not be open right now. regardless of whether any of them ever do anything politically. but in their lives, their professions, how they're treated. i hope it does give them more of a sense of empowerment the. this is sheldon whose long day setting up the news starts with minor arthritis pain and a choice. take tylenol or take aleve, the #1 recommended pain reliever by orthopedic doctors. just two aleve can keep pain away all day. back to the news. (bear growls) (burke) smash and grub. seen it. covered it. we know a thing or two because we've seen a thing or two.
rally. >> i've come here because for me, gender is not what's important. issues are what's important. >> okay. if hillary clinton -- she probably would win u.s. presidency. for real. i have issues with hillary clinton. but why would susan sarandon not support hillary clinton? >> when you're talking about looking at millennials -- >> she is a millial! >> she was speaking to that clan. and we look at why millials and some women are not supporting hillary clinton. they have grown up with -- under the guidance of the fighters for the women's movement. they have been told, women and young girls have been told, you are equal. even the men growing up in that time. so it's what you want. what do you want? you are not required to vote for a woman, just because you are a woman. you have a choice. we are both capable. men and women are both capable. >> this is -- that is a critical
misstep. so one of the things i see when i teach young women, they keep mistaking feminism as a personal identity, rather than a set of political commitments, right? >> right. >> that is rooted in a movement, that is rooted in actual oppression towards women. so then the problem becomes that the other thing that they -- that a lot of young people don't seem to understand is that they have associated voting with hillary clinton, and considering her womanhood as part of that, as being connected to identity politics, but they're acting as though voting for the white guy for an office that white men have held in all but one time is not identity politics, right? >> right. >> and all identity politics. the last thing i want to say in this moment is, bernie sanders has so effectively marshalled race and class politics that he is neutralized hillary's ability to actually think about gender in a critical way. so he is out here -- he has overcome his old white guy problem by saying -- but i'm progressive on recent class so i'm your typical white guy. and reminded me when i saw
him -- you made in your first book how women traditionally hear feminist messages better from men than women. >> ma'am. so where were you in the first hour when the bernieites were -- i am so neither bernieite or clintonite. and i think maybe in part, because -- i'm not sure i see a feminist on the democratic side. >> because you didn't see -- it's also because you didn't see someone taking it for granted. because she is a woman, she started off taking women for granted. >> i'm not sure. >> absolutely. >> i do think it was a terrible move when she said i'm not establishment. i'm a woman. i think that was a terrible moment. >> i want to listen to that. just in case folks -- i mean, who wasn't watching? but just in case you weren't, let's -- i want to take a listen to hillary clinton saying that. and then i want to listen to another piece right behind it. let's just take a listen. >> senator sanders is the only
person who i think would characterize me a woman running to be the first woman president as exemplifying the establishment. and i've got to tell you that it is -- it is really quite -- it's really quite amusing to me. >> when folks talk about a revolution, the revolution is electing the first woman president of the united states! >> but i -- that doesn't work for me. >> i think the other thing that we have to keep talking about is multiplicity and retro general a tee. it's which women. are they married women, white women, younger women, affluent women, college-educated women? same thing as feminism. there is not feminism, there is feminisms. there is women of color feminism. so there are different voices of radical politics that come out of feminist politics.
and there are very conservative politics that can come out of it. so i think one of the real issues is, you have more radical feminists saying we want something more than parity. we want a transformation of our social lives. and other women just want a seat at the table. so i think that hillary clinton is playing a certain kind of liberal feminism. so i think then we have to have a debate about what kind of feminism that is. when saran done says i see issues. that's problematic as well. the last thing that is important here, descriptive representation matters in as much as seeing women in public life tells americans, tells citizens of the world that every community or every population has a right to be at the seat of power. but it has no guarantee of the quality of governing or quality of power. so that's why we have to distinguish between understanding that women at the seat of power matters. but it doesn't guarantee equality politics. >> right. so this has been kind of one of the -- as i move through the question of releasing the obama years, right?
which has been about a descriptive representation, right, the embodiment of the american state in an african-american democratic president, right? it is meaningful in and of itself. beyond whatever else, whatever failure successes policy wise. and that was true for me, for example, even in condi rice. to be an african-american woman, political science professor, who is through the world as the secretary of state, there is a certain like, go do that. because just aren't very many of us in the world. right? >> right. >> so even when there was a sense of disagreement, like, that embodiment matters, and i guess -- you know -- but i guess i keep wondering, does it matter enough? in a tie-breaker. we're going to talk more when we come back. i promise. more when we come back. in new york state, we believe tomorrow starts today.
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this week, jeb bush brought his mom, former first lady, barbara bush, to join him on the campaign trail in new hampshire, part of what the "new york times" described as a trend of republicans looking for a softer tone to appeal to women in the granite state. here's what mrs. bush had to say about her son's opponent, donald trump. >> i mean, unbelievable. i don't know how women can vote for someone who said what he said about megyn kelly. it's terrible. and we knew what he meant, too. >> stay precious. stay precious, mrs. bush. horrifying. i think it's horrifying. >> tell me why. >> i think it's horrifying -- i think i'm my own man, and now -- you know, they're all coming out. it's just a -- it's just sad.
the bush -- but i also think, this is why we need to think about gender, not just in terms are there women in the office, men in the office. that's a fascinating deployment of gender and eternal affection. there is a bunch of issues you need a gender analysis to make any sense of. i want to get back to the point you said earlier, in a world of which women and people of color now hold more power than they have historically in our world. not enough. still underrepresentation but more women in the seats of power. one of the big challenges we have, how do we read what we are seeing. how do we use judgment to make a judgment over what we're seeing. and i think we need a more critical eye about the diversities we're seeing, and i think that maybe 20 or 30 years ago, there was a certain assumption that once we had more of those bodies in office, we would have a better politics. we would have a feminist politics, a socially just or racially just politics. it's not going to be that simple. we currently have a neoliberal multicultural politics. and for some of us, that is not
a just politics, a diverse politics, but not a socially just politics in ways we imagine. >> i want to pick up on this earlier point you were making about deployments of gender. i think they matter here. so one of the things that i've been asking myself is, would it actually be possible for hillary to run farther to the left to invoke all of the things we like about bernie sanders, and still win. right? because president obama couldn't run as far to the left and win. now he ran left of center, but he was still a fairly centrist candidate and we made all of these, you know, excuses for that, right? he's got to get there. and you know -- it becomes a mark of distrust, right? so all -- >> also because there is a history, though. >> it's true. so this is the tension i'm battling, which -- on the one hand, she is an architect of clintonism, which many of us reject and i think rightfully so. but there is also a way that bernie sanders is able to martian these liberal claims. >> because he's got white male
privilege. >> exactly. >> and i do think that we attribute bill clinton's decisions a little too much to hillary. we know that she opposed a number of -- >> she said super predator. super predator. and i mean, she did. like, she has -- >> so she is -- >> she bears that. >> yes. so she bears that. but she has been advocating for criminal justice reform for the past ten years, since she was in the senate. she's called mandatory minimum sentencing indefensible. i want to go back to this point, is it just having the right people in office, is it descriptive. and the global research is unequivocal that when women lead, when women are in power, they make advancing gender equality, women's opportunity, women's participation a true priority in a way that it's very, very rare for men to see. we see it with michelle bashalay
in chile who opened thousands of nursing schools so women could work. who pushed through emergency contraception in church. hillary has been putting equal pay, repealing the hyde amendment, reproductive justice at the center of her campaign. and i do think she is a champion of women's rights, and bernie is a good ally. but i think he has a long checklist of things he wants to do. and i think that it's -- if he is elected president, and i will say as a democrat, i will support him as our nominee. but if he's elected president, i think we're not going to -- i think like always, we're going to see all these things fall to the back burner. and i think, you know, it matters to women of color that we have equal pay. that we raise the minimum wage. these things matter more to women -- >> but it also matters that white women not call our men super predators.
>> yeah. and let me actually say, for me, one of the experiences, part of what i have sort of -- at least what i've experienced over the eight years of the obama administration is, it turns out that one of the most important things in the context of kind of partisan gridlock is what presidents say. often when they cannot govern, one of the main things they have left is their rhetoric, is their discourse. so actually, i'm listening very carefully to what both of them say, in part because if they're going to govern with what we expect to be continued partisan gridlock, that i'm going to need both of y'all to do way better. thank you to nancy cohen and brittney cooper and susan de persio. as the zika virus becomes important, what does that mean for rights around the world? many people clean their dentures
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the world health organization has officially pushed the crisis button on zika, thein yushl brain damage in newborns. the agency has declared the outbreak an international public health emergency and estimates that as many as 4 million people could be infected by the end of the year. most cases have been reported in south america, but a case of sexually-transmitted zika in texas and the possibility of getting the virus through blood transfusions are triggering home-grown concerns, as well as action. florida governor rick scott has declared a health emergency in five counties, where at least 12 cases of the mosquito borne disease have been detected, all from infections contracted outside the u.s. with no vaccine, treatment or accurate testing for zika, the predicted surge in brain damaged newborns has led to guidelines, directed primarily at women. in some latin american countries, women should avoid
getting pregnant. but it's the message that has turned the emergency into a question over women's reproductive rights in latin america, where unplanned pregnant nancies are widespread and con tri essential for women is limited. in brazil, both the epicenter of the outbreak and where abortion is illegal under most circumstances, the crisis has sparked a debate over whether women should be permitted to have an abortion if the fetus indicates symptoms linked to the disease. on friday, the united nations took its stance, urging countries hit by sdplooek zika to grant contraception and abortion. joining me is the program specialist at the center for reproductive rights and dr. alexander van tulican, senior fellow at fordham university. so to both of you, this seems like -- i kept going back and
forth asking should we really do this, are we doing that panic thing that happens sometimes when cable news will start talking about a disease that's happening and it's not actually really that big of a problem. so begin with, is this a real crisis? are we looking at something that we should actually be concerned with? >> i think this is definitely a crisis and the w.h.o. is reacting early. the u.n. commission for human rights is acting early. so we have the possibility of detecting this, and stopping it spread nice and early, compared to something like ebola, where everyone was late. >> talk to me about the connection with pregnancy. because part of what we were sort of having this reaction with is that then -- you get these sort of public health warnings, early ones, but the language is, don't get pregnant. well, okay. but, you know, that -- that may be easier said than done if contraception is not widely available. >> these warnings are really empty. they are two things that are very important to highlight about those warnings.
the first one is the warnings are only made to women. and as all we know, women don't get pregnant on their own. there is an important role of men playing, and there is no government coming up and saying, men, use condom, try to avoid pregnancy. so it's also showing how the responsibility at the end is only women, which is very unfair. and the second part is, if you are in colombia last week when all of this happened, if you are there, you ask how do you want me not to get pregnant? like, are you going to be given some types of free contraception? are you going to be giving campaigns? what are you going to do with women? doesn't even know -- don't know how to use contraception? in the case of colombia, at least it's a case where women have some access. abortion is legal in certain cases. i am extremely worried in the case of central america and specifically in the case of el salvador where abortion is
illegal, in the case of honor did your ans where emergency contraception is totally banned and one of the highest rates of sexual violence. and what do you do with unwanted, unplanned pregnancies caused by sexual violence. >> and not only the questions of government policy and law, but the catholic church. so you're talking about the w.h.o., again responding much more swiftly than, for example, in the case of ebola. but the catholic church ends up being a part of this narrative, because so many of these are catholic nations and the catholic church has a strong stance of contraception and termination. >> that's right. and we have extraordinary examples from south america, where doctors performing abortions, cases where it is clearly indicated, 9-year-old girls raped, the doctor is ex communicated and the rapist is not. and you have this extreme barrier. so even though the doctor is legally allowed to do it, the social religious pressure adds another layer of impossibility to access this. >> so then what kind of public
health effect then does that kind of social and spiritual kind of judgment then end up having? >> i think what we have in this disease is a perfect storm of problems for women. it is a disease that targets poverty, particularly, because you are more likely to be bitten by a mosquito because you're more likely to live in areas where mosquitoes breed. you have repel ability. and then when you get pregnant and you're more likely to get pregnant because you don't have access to contraception. and then if you have a problem, you can't afford an abortion. so what you see is a multilayered public health problem. if you just talk about the abortion issue, we're talking about more than 4 million illegal abortions. and i say -- that is -- that is in those countries illegal abortions. >> right. >> which are very dangerous, and disproportionately affects poor women. >> so with just a very few seconds.
the very legality of it is another health potential problem for women. >> it is. unsafe abortion is already one of the leading causes of maternal morality in latin america. we are very afraid to see those numbers run up. >> and these are women who often have existing children and so then you're talking about the problem of orphans and motherless children. thank you to palla and dr. alexander van tulcan. next, the republicans have their debate before the new hampshire primary. we get a brief preview from steve kornacki, next. why are you all here? to learn, right? so you can get a good job and you're not working for peanuts. well what if i told you that peanuts can work for you? while you guys are busy napping, peanuts are delivering 7 grams of protein and 6 essential nutrients right to your mouth. you ever see a peanut take a day off? no. peanuts don't even get casual khaki fridays.
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if legalzoom has your back.s, over the last 10 years we've helped one million business owners get started. visit legalzoom today for the legal help you need to start and run your business. legalzoom. legal help is here. tonight, most of the remaining gop field will gather for the final debate before new hampshire's primary on tuesday. and the first since the iowa caucus pushed three more republicans out of the race.
joining me now from new hampshire is msnbc steve kornacki. steve, there is a lot at stake tonight. >> >> that's right, melissa. the home stretch. a couple things i'm looking for in this debate tonight. number one is marco rubio. how are the other candidates going to treat marco rubio? he seems to be the guy who has momentum. there is that possibility he catches donald trump, he actually wins this state. obviously, all eyes on donald trump, how will he handle marco rubio? we haven't seen him going after rubio as much this week as we would expect. but again, donald trump and the trump campaign have been defying our expectations all along. the other wild card, though, when we talk about marco rubio is somebody on the stage who is not doing that well in the polls right now, but who has a pretty big voice up there, and that is chris christie. chris christie has been making marco rubio his top target all week, really get the impression looking at christie that christie is saying, look, maybe i can't win new hampshire. i would like to win new hampshire. but if i don't win new hampshire, i at least want to keep marco rubio from winning it. it really seems personal between christie and rubio.
you know christie can be really tough in the settings. so if he's going after marco rubio, i think that's the big thing to be looking at on that side. the other thing, again, is ted cruz. we have talked about this controversy over the cruz campaign, and how it won iowa with this whole issue of did they suggest to their supporters tell their supporters, misleading that ben carson is getting out of the race. is ben carson -- he's not been the most aggressive debater, but is ben carson going to make something of this up there? are the other candidates going to make something of this up there? is this going to haunt ted cruz on the debate stage tonight. again, here we are, we always talk about these eight days between iowa and new hampshire as the eight most volatile days in american politics. this is the setting. this debate tonight, a couple days before the primary. we have seen things happen in these debates in the past. that have changed races. it was on this same night, saturday night, eight years ago on the democratic side when barack obama said to hillary clinton, you're likeable enough, you remember that moment, that seemed to give hillary that late kick of momentum that give her
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the 2016 campaign has put the spotlight on a variety of issues, from immigration to voting rights to environmental justice, especially in light of the water crisis in flint shall michigan. our next guests have been performing about these issues for decades. sweet honey in the rock, the grammy-nominated collective of african-american women have been singing for social justice for more than 40 years. they performed around the globe, including for the obamas at the white house. and they'll be performing at carnegie hall, right here in new york next week.
♪ so much trouble in the world today ♪ ♪ it takes my breath away ♪ is there anything you do or say to bring some joy to light ♪ ♪ i know i can sing about love, let freedom ring, like the sweet waterfall ♪ ♪ i know together we can make a change ♪ ♪ with a little bit of love together ♪ ♪ we can make that change with a little, a little love, love, love ♪ ♪ i'm in love ♪ ♪ living, learning, loving ♪ i'm loving out loud ♪ living, learning, loving ♪ loving ♪ high above the crowd ♪ dancing on the cloud while i'm listening out loud ♪ ♪ lyrics --
♪ ♪ carry me home ♪ oh, carry me home >> we want to know what's your flavor? is it sweet, is it hot, is it cool, maybe not? maybe you're living fast. maybe we're laying low. maybe you're feeling low, maybe you're moving slow. however you're feeling, don't be shy. be proud. live it how you feel it and live it out loud. ♪ ♪ oh, i don't know what tomorrow may bring, but i'm living out loud ♪ ♪ even when i don't know what to sing, i'm listening out loud ♪ ♪ when the world turns upside down, i'm loving out loud ♪
♪ i can feel the blessings all around ♪ ♪ i'm laughing out loud ♪ oh ♪ oh ♪ living out loud ♪ my, my, my ♪ iedk but i'm lol ♪ idk but i'm lol ♪ i dk but i'm lol >> are you loving out loud. ♪ this week was a tough one, and having you all here -- >> i hear you. i hear you. sfroo having you all here means everything. yesterday would have been the 21st birthday of trevon martin.
>> yes. >> i've been listening to a lot of sweet hundred where i and the rock last night thinking about you all being here and listening to elia's song, listening to some of the work you've done. talk to me about how sweet honey the rock remains a kind of soundtrack for the activism, for the work that is being done in communities right now? >> well, i think what's happening that's really a blessing is that people have been embracing's ella song, and the fact that it's important for people of african descent to really be taken very seriously in terms of our lives and how we live and what's important to us and that everything that we are about is as important as everybody who is on this planet, but our issues are very specific to us related to racism and white supremacy in the united states. >> that language of living out loud. i was over there dancing to the
side. you cannot just listen to "speed honey." you have -- you asked at one point during the music, are you standing up? are you up? are you out of your seat? cannot sit and listen. is that what the living out loud is? >> it's like expressing who you are and standing for what you know to be right or standing for what you know to be the right thing to do, do the right thing. are you speaking on it? are you doing anything in your life to lift up? anything to make a change, you know, for the better because everybody has different gifts. are you using yours? out loud. >> the flint water crisis. >> yeah. >> tell me. respond to that for me. the passion that we heard from melissa maze, from the mother. speaking into your mike, tell me from sweet honey and the rock, any of you, what that crisis is telling us about where we are in this country? >> it's really devastating.
oil spills in the gulf and just increasing problems with water not only here in this nation but worldwide. water is becoming a very serious problem. the fact that we have people -- powers that be who don't want to recognize that we have to really make a stand to do something to clean up our water. water is life. without water, we have no life. >> we think of god troubling the waters as a way that black folks talk about a central idea of who we are. i want to acknowledge that sweet hundred where i has always had a commitment to the deaf community through your sign language interpreter. tell me a little bit about what that commitment is as well. >> back in the, i think -- it was in the late 1970s, sweet hundred where i and the rock was traveling to the west coast and doing a lot of work with women's movement, feminist movement, and they were noticing that in all of the social arenas there was accessibility for people. there was child care.
if you wanted to -- a mother, you want tonged to come out and a good time, there was child care. they noticed that the deaf community was being addressed. i think it was bernie wanted sweet honey to be able do to do that too. >> this is your american sign language extraordinary. >> louise robinson. the women of sweet honey and the rock. more than four decades of this work, and that is our show. >> hey. >> for today. thank you. >> yeah! . >> thank you for watching at home. tomorrow join us. we're going to have our latest reaction to tonight republican presidential debate and, of course, it will also be our nfl show. also a programming note, gop candidate ben carson will join ari live in new hampshire. coming up three days to new hampshire. live coverage from the granite state. (bear growls) (burke) smash and grub. seen it. covered it.
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