tv MSNBC Live MSNBC June 29, 2016 12:00pm-1:01pm PDT
the cia director speaking out about the attack moments ago. >> the attack yesterday at the airport that killed dozens and injured many more certainly bares the hallmarks of isis's depravity. >> let's go to richard engel. you were on the air with me yesterday afternoon as the story broke. u.s. officials are inkrecreasin confident this was isis. what are you hearing from your sources? dr. >> reporter: turkish officials are saying the same thing. the primary suspect is isis. they keep batting around the term in the u.s. that it bares all the hallmarks of an isis atta attack. that's the way the investigation seems to be pursuing. no names have been released, but i suspect that will be coming
fairly soon. the investigation is going on at the airport. teams are there both putting the debris away and doing repairs at the airport. and also passengers are going through as the airport remains open and you have this strange situation where you have an ongoing investigation, a crime scene and an active airport all on top of each other operating at once. >> any indication that turkish officials had any kind of warning or knew something was coming? >> reporter: there are reports in the turkish media that they had a specific warning that isis was planning an attack. according to the reports, that warning came about 20 days ago. that would fit with the warning we reported on two weeks ago that isis had deployed more than 35 militants to this country
with the intention of carrying out attacks during ramadan. that's really a fundamental piece of all of this. it was passed to me by a u.s. counterterrorism official. the director talked about how isis was trying to prestage fighters to carry out international level attacks. then this report today that 20 days ago turkey got word that there was a possibility of annist attack in this country. so it does seem to fit in the same time period. isis wanted to stage militants here to carry out international level attacks during ramadan and frankly we're not sure if they are done yet. ramadan is still ongoing. when you talk about 35 militants being deployed from syria, three are dead that we know of.
what about the other ones? >> from what you know now 24 hours later, talk about the sophistication of the attack itself. i know you have done a lot of reporting about what went down and how it all played out. >> reporter: and we have gotten some more confirmation on this. yesterday i was in a car driving to the airport trying to get in all the roads were blocked. we were try ing ing to get thro check points and ended up circling the airport for a couple hours. then we spoke to a witness who described a police officer who tackled one of the bombers to the ground but the bomber still managed to detonate his device. now the prime minister is verifying that version of events that there was a bomb that blew up outside the airport right at the curb side area. that bomb and gunfire created panic and chaos.
that allowed the two other attackers to get inside the terminal building. once they were inside, there was already panic buzz of the first explosion. people were running. the first bomber was tackled. he detonated his device and killed many people. the other bomber managed to go upstairs to the departure lounge. he was shot, dropped to the ground and detonated his device, but most were cleared from the scene. both of these police officers are being hailed as heros in this country today. >> richard, thank you so much. the attack there part of a loorgeer conflict in nearby syria and the region. for a step back now, i'm joined and as we wait for the president, explain to us the context when you look at the regional map.
where does turkey fit in? >> it's between europe and the middle east, but not just anywhere, it's the most dangerous part of the middle east because you have two countries that are really in full blown war. civil war in syria and in iraq the state fighting against isis. a lot of that is spilling over into turkey. given the recent attacks. when you put this in the context of turkey, turkey itself has been an active participant in the civil war. they have supported rebel groups and moderate groups and allowed weapons to be brought sbo that battlefield. they have also allowed their border to be used as a continue wit for some of the foreign fighters. some are coming on to europe to carry out attacks as we saw in brussels and france. those attackers were once fighters on the syrian battlefield. now starting to attack turkey
internationally as well. the challenge for turkey is double because it has an international political problem with kurdish separatist movements. they have been fighting the government for decades and become militant and more lethal and potent in their attacks. >> as we look at the past year from all sorts of different groups, it's a remarkable number. this is not an isolated event for them. >> it's definitely not. almost 270 people killed in the past 12 months alone. there's been one attack almost every month, significant attack in turkey. >> today is an anniversary. it's two years from the very day that isis declared their caliphate. >> when you talk about isis, it's ant an evolution. two years ago is when they had
their strongest foothold. they declared the islamic state isis. and ever since it's been expanding territory and now projecting some of its terror beyond the borders of iraq and syria. it's starting to lose ground in terms of the coalition fight against it. so they can adapt to what is happening. >> we still don't know definitely this was the work of isis yesterday. we were caught by this list they put together. >> isis tops that list by far. so they have achieved some level
of sophistication. >> yeah, there's no doubt. their ability to project their terror is unlike any other terrorist organization. if we put that list back up, you'll see most of them are operating within their border. like boko haram operates in a regional level. they are not carrying out attacks in europe or in the united states. they are not trying to radicalize people. not carrying out attacks beyond those limitations. isis is the only one that is either able to radicalize individuals like we're seeing in some parts of the u.s. where they are going out and carrying out attacks. inspiring others or directing attacks like what we saw in paris, brussels, and what seems to be now with certain degree of confidence what e we saw in istanbul yesterday. >> thank you for being here. as we look at those pictures, we are waiting for this press conference. it will be a trilateral press
conference with president obama, the prime minister of canada and the president of mexico that had given us a two-minute warning, but they are running a little late. the president is attending a summit with his counterparts. you see them this is his first trip up north in six years. they are expected to announce a landmark agreement to use more clean energy sources and to generate half of the power from zero carbon sources by 2025. what do we expect out of this press conference when they take the stage? >> talking about trade ands a operational energy goals, but the krgs will shift especially when it comes time to questions just what the president's view is on what happens in istanbul. look for specific questions on whether or not isis is to blame and whether or not the u.s. has confirmed that isis was behind this terror attack in istanbul. the challenge for the president,
it's a similar challenge. one you face before, but it's had to reassure the world and the international community while also acknowledging the severity and reality of the threat. that's his task. it's made a little more difficult in that we are in the middle of of a campaign season where the team is aware that the republican nominee will seek to exploit these attacks for political gain. they know they need to walk a fine line. we'll see how the president does that. also potentially expect some sort of question on brexit and what that might do from global trade and what that means for the global economy. >> i would expect u.s. politics. >> this is another challenge for the president is how do weigh in on international politics when you're across the border.
we'll also see what some of his counterpart who is are not burdened by that unspoken rule what they say about mr. trump. that's another thing to keep your eyes open for. >> let's go to the white house briefly. ron allen is following things from there. he covers the white house. this is president obama's first trip back to canada in six years. he hadn't been there in awhile but has a close relationship with the new prime minister of canada. this will be a farewell for the president. the last time he's set to e meet with these two leaders. >> most of the questions i would ask would be about the terrorist attacks and not just what the president thinks happened, but what is he going to do about it. especially given this narrative taking shape. the key issue being was it one that was coordinate d by isis o
just inspired by them. it appears to look more like paris than orlando. the orlando attack being inspired and coordinated. because the message from the white house over the recent months has been that they are making significant progress against isis. they have taken back territory in iraq and syria. at the same time, there are a lot of critics and vom voices in the administration saying the progress is perhaps being overstated and urging the president in ways publicly and privately to do more. president obama has always shown a reluctance or hesitancy or caution about using a lot of american military power on the ground to try to take u.isis ou. they have made progress. they are circling and trying to put a strangle hold on raqqah. but these operations are taking time.
they involve hundreds of special operations forces not thousands or even more. the administration will emphasize there have been more airstrikes and the process of working with troops on the ground is working. they are doing other things to try to strangle and cut off isis's financing. they have more to say they have made progress e destroying millions of dollars in cash and cutting off access to foreign markets. these attacks are happening again and again. there's a a meeting where the leaders of turkey, france, belgium and others along with the united states will meet and again this will be the issue that is the focus. what is nato and turkey is a
nato member. the relationship between the united states and turkey is a bit strained. mostly having to do with the kurdish dimension of this complicated conflict. the kurds are leery of the populati population. they want to form a separate state within turkey or separate from turkey. the united states sees the kurds as one of the most effective groups fighting its battles against isis. so there's that conflict. the united states has been putting pressure on the president of turkey to be more tolerant of human rights. there's a lot of criticism of crackdowns on the press in turkey, on opposition, on protests. so there's that as well. so clearly a very complicated issue. and although the president is in canada trying to talk about issues like energy and trade and
immigration with the president of mexico, given what's happened in istanbul i'm certain that's what will dominate or should dominate the press conference. >> ron allen, we see someone approach the podium. a quick commercial break. there should be interesting comments at that press conference, when we come back. and to keep up this pace, i need the right nutrition. so i drink boost®. boost® complete nutritional drink has 26 essential vitamins and minerals, including calcium and vitamin d to support strong bones, and 10 grams of protein to help maintaimuscle. in three delicious flavors. i'm not about to swim in the slow lane. stay strong. stay active . ugh. heartburn.g ] sorry ma'am. no burning here. try new alka-seltzer heartburn relief gummies. they work fast and don't taste chalky. mmmm. incredible.
we're continuing to watch this shot on the left side of your screen. that's ottawa, canada, where the north american leaders summit is taking place today. president obama, the prime minister of canada and the president of mexico. you see three podiums because we expect the leaders to come out and deliver remarks and take questions from the assembled press core. we imagine they will be asked about events in turkey and other things. let's go back to hanz nick els. it's only a half mile away from
parliament. i imagine security is pretty e high. walk us through what the president's day is like. he'll be speaking later today. >> he will be addressing the parliament. first time there's been a presidential address to parliament in over 20 years. just behind me you can see some of the buildings from parliament. it's right there on -- >> i'm going to interrupt you. the president just came up to the podium alongside the prime minister and president of mexico. >> just wrapped up a very productive meeting. the tone of the meeting was friendly as you might expect among friends, but also a little poignant. we're thrilled to have the president here for his first visit here. yet at the same time there will be the last chance to get together in this capacity given president obama's impend iing
retirement. usually with a little smile. but i do want to once again thank both leaders and their delegations for coming to ottawa and for being open to the discussions that took place today. one of the first items we discussed was our common respect for diversity and our firm support for lgbt rights, especially in the wake of the shootings earlier this month in orlando. >> translator: the united states and mexico both lost citizens in orlando. that tragedy has strengthened our determination to protect the rights of lgbt people and on behalf of -- and we urge all leaders to do the same. we also talked about the need to ensure a clean and prosperous future for all of our people and for all people in the world.
>> we are unanimous in our belief that on this issue north america can and indeed must lead the way. today we turned that resolve into action with a negotiation of an ambitious and enduring climate, clean energy and environment partnership. this partnership will see our country stand side by side as we work toward the common goal of a north america that is competitive that encourages clean growth and protects our shared environment now and for generations to come. it's a partnership that lays out some very clear deliverables and that identifies real u.s.ic paths to achieving them. together we will advance clean and secure energy with the goal of 50% clean power generation across the continent by 2025.
we will drive down short lived climate pollutants like methane, black carbon and other carbons. we will promote clean transportation creating clean jobs as we reduce energy consumption, air pollution and greenhouse gases. we will work together to protect nature and to advance our scientific understanding of the environmental challenges we share and finally we will respond directly and decisively to the challenge of climate change working to make our own countries more e resilient as we encourage others to do the same. this is what can happen when countries come together in pursuit of a common goal. when we have a big idea and the political will to make it happen. today's climate agreement stands as proof that cooperation pays off. and that working together always
beats going it alone. they were other issues on the agenda as well. >> we also had the opportunity to talk about ways of advancing trade and competitiveness in north america. it's essential to each of our economies and vital for the creation of good jobs for the middle class. we also discussed regional and worldwide issues that are urgent and we talked about the way we will work together to meet these common challenges. >> but it also meant forging a closer working relationship when
it comes to providing development and humanitarian assistance. as well as finding ways to mo morively combat more health challenges, the flow of funds and drugs and human trafficking. as i said, the conversations were friendly, but also frank and i'm reassured and encouraged by the progress we were able to make today. relationships between the citizens of our three nations have always been strong, even in the past when our governments haven't always seen eye to eye. it's gratifying that once again we are able to come together as leaders of three truly great nations to honor that enduring friendship and deliver real results for the people of canada, mexico, the united states and indeed the entire global community. thank you, both for all your hard work today and every day.
i'd now like to introduce the president of mexico. >> translator: thank you very much, prime minister of canada and barack obama. with this press conference we come to an end of this day in canada two days of stayed visit and the north american leaders summit. allow me to say once again how grateful i am for your hospitality, for the warmth with which we were received, myself and my delegation. we were warmly welcomed in this country. we're going back to mexico with memories of the warm welcome that the canadian people showed in toronto and ottawa. we're going back to mexico fully
convinced that we have renewed our bilateral relationship with canada. canada has a leader that is going back to universal values that make canada stand out in the world. president obama, i would like to say that we acknowledge your determination to have a more united, integrated and competitive north america. a more prosperous and inclusive north america. i would like to highlight specifically being the last north american leaders summit. along mexico a strategic partnership and you have always
been unwilling to work towards a bilateral agenda that covers different beyond security and in the process of generating clean energy you have favor ed those efforts. you have always favored a more expedited safer border, more competitiveness in our trade. you have always been in favor of having cooperation in education and cultural matters. that your legacy covers other regions of latin america. you have reestablished a relationship with cuba. you have supported the development of central america. and in the summit of the americas as well we have contributed to its advancement.
we would like to acknowledge the tireless efforts made towards the investment of the investment of addressing the challenges of global warming. there's no doubt that your presidency has helped to build and reaffirm the candid relationship that the united states and mexico have. khcanada, ts united states and mexico we have reaffirmed our decision to work together with a mission to advance economic integration in north america in order to fulfill this goal, mexico values that in the tra transpacific partnership, there is a great opportunity to reaffirm this level of integration between the countries that are part of nafta
but besides that we are taking this opportunity to other regions of the world. specifically towards asia. i believe that the advantages, the benefits and the beauties that integration will carry and has carried along for the benefit of societies can be extended. when the transpacific partnership is approved mexico supports this effort with enthusiasm. this agreement is at the senate in the process of being approved. we are fully convinced that by working together and by taking stock of our complimentary we can be the most competitive region in the world as prime minister has said during this summit. we have worked on addressing
four priorities. climate change, clean energies and environment, e competiti competitiveness at the borders and trade security and regional and global issues. specifical specifically, mexico addressed competitiveness and trade in our borders. i would tliek highlight the agreement. we're going to create single trade windows to enable our borders exchanges. our goal is to have one for north america. secondly, we're going to map north american clusters. this will be a vital tool for decision making and to bolster economic trade in the region. we have agreed to have a trilateral cluster map as soon as possible. and thirdly, i should mention that trilateral program for
trusted travelers. mexico has proposed that this program uses global entry platform that canada and the united states already have and this year we will implement the electronic kiosks platform that is already present in different airports in the united states and canada. this system will be used in north america as a whole and this will be a system that will enable and expedite of individuals. and finally use an example to describe our level of integration. the preservation of the monarch butterfly conservation is a species that in its pilgrimage we can see how our countries are
intertwined. and we agreed that e we would take care of this species and make sure that and the figures speak for itself. the area where butterflies reach only covered less than hundred heck tor. it extends to 4.1 and we are in route that by 2018 this figure would grow to 6 and eventually that would be our goal.
it's a symbol of the relationship that canada and the united states and mexico have. the north american leaders summit bears witness that isolated national efforts are insufficient. if we want favorable results for the benefit of our societies, it's better to work together as a region. we all know that global challenges isolationism is not the solution. in contrast with what happens in other corners in the world, we have decided to be closer as a team and to compliment each other and to make progress as
the most kpet ty region in the world. thank you very much. >> good afternoon. i want to thank my friends and partners and the people of ottawa and canada, thank you for your wonderful hospitality. this is my fourth to hold nearly u a decade. this reflects a new commitment that prime minister has brought to our shared vision of a strong and integrated north america. let me start by once again commenting on the horrific terrorist attack that took place yesterday in istanbul's main international airport, can which is one of the busiest airports in the world. the prayers of the american people are with the people of turkey, the people of istanbul
and all those affected by this terrible crime. we have offered all assistance that we have available to our ally in turkey and stand prepared to assist them during this difficult time. we're still learning all the facts, but we know this is part of our broader, shared fight against terrorist networks. and we will continue to work closely with turkey to root them out. and meanwhile we're going to do what's knows protect our people. i'm confident that we can and we will defeat those who offer only death and destruction and will always remember even as they are those trying to provide us that we are stronger when we come together and work toward a better world together. we're reminded of this basic fact at this summit. combined our three nations are home to nearly 480 million people. we are bound together by family,
including millions of immigrants who traced their roots to each other's countries. we're not only among each other's top trade partners, we are a global hub of innovation. with integrated economies and production that span our borders. on every security and global challenge we are partners. and we're united by common values of democracy and pluralism and commitment to human dignity. i have worked to strengthen our partnerships with our friends in the americas and that begins with strengthening our relationship with canada and mexico. during my administration, we boosted u.s. exports to canada and mexico by about 50%. that supports about 2.8 million american jobs. today as justin described we agreed to build on that progress in several key areas. first, we agreed to make it easier to do business together
so our je rons are more competitive. we're bringing more advanced technologies to our border crossings, which will reduce wait times for travelers and make it more affordable to trade. by the end of this year, we'll have a single trust to traveler program for our countries to make it easier to travel while improving security. we'll continue to align our standards and regulations chrks is important for small businesses who want to export more. we'll do more together to promote women entrepreneurs and minority owned businesses to succeed as well. we're going to keep expanding our educational exchanges among our students. as has been mentioned, we discussed the transpacific partnership. the politics of trade are always difficult. i don't know any country where there aren't going to be some folk who is argue against trade. but we all believe that in an
integrated global economy the goal is not for us to try to shut ourselves off from the world, but rather to work together to raise standards around the world for workers and the environment. and that's exactly what tpp does. it's the right thing to do. we're going to keep working for it. given free trade u has been toz fair trade. our countries agreed to work together on a range of measures to enforce our rights and protect our workers and ensure a level playing field for the steel and aluminum industries in north america. and given the vote of the united kingdom to leave the european union, our economic teams are going to continue to work together to remain focused on keeping our economies growing and making sure that the global financial system is stable. something i'm confident we can
do. second we're making sure that north america remains a leader in the fight against climate change. i could not be prouder of the work that we have done to help realize this important goal. the united states governments making a major commitment to purchase more clean energy for federal facilities and more clean and efficient government vehicles and all three of our countries are committed to reducing emissions from the oil and gas sector by 40 to 45% by 2025. third, we're going to do more to make sure that we're looking after the safety and health of our citizens from the danger of i illicit drugs. we're focused on the epidemic of
opiate abuse. o our teams will meet to make sure we coordinate our efforts and we will continue to be relentless against the criminals and traffickers that are inflicting so much violence on communities. fourth, we're deepening our cooperation on regional and global challenges. joint efforts against diseases like sooe zika, addressing pove and violence that have led to so had families making a dangerous trip to flee difficult circumstances. i want to thank justin for their government's strong support of their new approach to cuba. and i'm also glad that our countries have agreed to do more around the world to address the refugee crisis and expand our peace keeping efforts. in our own hemisphere with the historic agreement in columbia,
a major step towards peace, our nations are going to help the colombians remove land mines. given the serious situation in venezuela and the plight of the people together we're calling on the government and opposition to engage in meaningful dialogue and urge the government to respect the rule of law and national assembly. political prisoners should be released. the democratic congress should be respected and that includes effort os to pursue a referendum consistent with law. in closing, we're determined to keep building on the progress that's been made at so many of the previous summits. by the way, i love the story about monarch butterfliebutterf. they are not just any species. they are spectacular. i want to make sure our children
and grandchildren can see them as well. we're creating what we call the north american caucus, which means our three governments will meet on a more regular basis. we're going to continue to deepen our cooperation in this hemisphere and around the world and in short we're going to do more to speak with a voice on the world stage. we couldn't have better partners than justin and enrique u. i'm confident we're going to advance regional integration and that's not going to be just for our people but for the world as well. >> so we're now ready to start with the question period. >> our first question from richard madden from ctv news. >> good afternoon, gentlemen. one of the candidates who wants to replace president obama has already said he want s s to e
renegotiate nafta and walk away from the tpp. all suggesting that perhaps there's a growing disconnect between the pro trade message you're selling here and the protectionist voices we're hearing in the u.s. and possibly the brexit in the uk. so my question to all three of you. what's your strategy to reverse this growing sentiment. >> it's to highlight trade and positive agreements among our nations are good not only for the economy of the world and the economy of our countries, but it's also good for our citizens. we know that industries that export more goods pay salaries that are 50% higher than sectors that don't export. we also know that trade gives
rise to good jobs, innovation and progress for individuals as well. in our conversations today and yesterday with the president, we signed agreements and held conversations that allowed us to remove visas for mexican visitors to canada. this will have effects on all californnadians who live in communities that welcome mexican tourists. it will also allow canadian agriculture producers to have access to the beef market. these are examples of the cooperation that we say is good for the north american market, but also good for the entire world. and it's with this in mind that it's important to come together to talk together about the
future of this world where we are more and more connected. and we have to agree more and more in this world. >> our response to the kinds of protectionism that we're seeing around the world is indeed to highlight that when we come together like in events like this north american leaders summit, there's an opportunity to come together in ways that are beneficial for the global economy that are beneficial for our country's economies but mostly that are benefit shl for individual citizens. industries pay 50% higher wages than non-exporting industries. we know that trade leads to innovation and opportunities for communities, for individuals, for workers and we need to make sure that we are dealing with challenges and problems as they come up. that's where a constant engaged dialogue comes with positive
outcomes. just yesterday we were able to establish forward movement on two difficult issues between not just our countries, but our peoples, which will have beneficial impact on both sides of the deal. we will be lifting visas for visitors to mexico, which will have a positive impact on communities across the country as we welcome in tourists, but also we have been able to secure access for farmers to sell their beef in mexico. these are good concrete things that happen when we pull together and deal with important issues. and always there will be people trying to get us all to turn inwards, but the fact is our world is interconnected in so many ways that tz much better that we engage, that we work through our challenges together
because really that's how we end up with the kind of growth that benefits our countries and our citizens. >> there are times that one has has not been valued until you lose them. would this integration has managed to achieve in north america is precisely to give to our three countries more opportunities and to give our societies more opportunities by growing trade, by having more investment in our three countries. in our three countries, we see opportunities growing and reaching out to more people.
i can make exchanging and the possibility of studying abroad in any of the three countries represented here by three heads of state are outcomes of our trilateral agreements. and we are all aware of how the reactions are in the uk and there's still uncertainty. the outcome of the referendum is uncertain. but when someone values what you had, then when we see such reaction, we are here trying to innovate, to be more competitive because we are competitors, yes, but we have complimentary economies and that would give more the element to our
societies. i believe that this is the main goal of our efforts. the agreements mainly here are not only agreements made by three heads of state. we are building roads. we're building the foundation so that our societies can have strong foundations and go further. that makes a great contrast. that you choose protection measures that they were not letting our societies to project themselves to other kinds of scenarios. >> let me make a couple points. first of all, the integration of
of a global economy, that's here. that's done. and so the question is not whether or not there's going to be an international global economy, there is one. technology, travel, massive c cargo containers that can ship goods back and forth. the fact that a company can move capital around the world and in the blink of an eye. the fact that an engineer can send plans to the other side of the world in an instant to a colleague. those are facts. so we have an integrated economy already. the question is under what terms are we going to shape that
economy. and it is my firm belief that making sure that how we trade, how we exchange goods, it is my firm belief that shaping those in accordance with the values that our three countries care deeply about is going to be good for us. and us trying to abandon the field and pull up the drawbridge around us is going to be bad for us. now with respect to brexit, i think it's important to point out that those who argued about leaving the european union are the same folks who the very next day are insisting, don't worry, we'll still have access to the single market. so apparently, their argument
was not against trade generally. they just didn't want any obligations to go with the access to the free market. and it's important for us not to draw easy analogies between what happened in the uk and the eu versus what's happening between our three countries in terms of trade or what's happening in terms of us attempting to access asian markets through tpp. that's point number one. point number two, ordinary people who have concerns about trade have a legitimate gripe about globalization because the fact is that as the global economy is integrated, what we've seen are trend lines across the advanced economies of growing inequality. and stagnant wages.
and a smaller and smaller share of overall productivity and growth going to workers and a larger portion going to the top 1%. and that's a real problem because if that continues, the social cohesion and political consensus needed for liberal market economies starts breaking down. so they're right to be concerned about that. i'm concerned about it. justin is concerned about it and eureka is concerned about it. the question is, what do you do about it? and the prescription of withdrawing from trade deals and focusing solely on your local market, that's the wrong medicine. first of all, because it's not feasible because our auto plants, for example, would shut
down if we didn't have access to some parts in other parts of the world. so we'd lose jobs. and the amount of disruption involved would be enormous. secondly, we'd become less efficient. cost of our own goods in our own country would become more expensiv expensive, and this nostalgia about an era when everybody was working in manufacturing jobs and you didn't need a college degree and you could go in and as long as you worked hard you could support a family and live a middle class life, that has been undermined far more by automation than it has been by outsourcing or the shift of jobs to low-income or low-wage countries. the steel industry is producing
as much steel in the united states as it ever was. it's just it needs 1/10 the workers that it used to. and this is why, you know, my pushback on both the left and the right when it comes to protectionism or anti-trade arguments is you are right to be concerned about the trends, but what you're prescribing will not work. and there's a better way of doing this. and the better way of doing it is countries like ours that have high labor standards and high environmental standards and strong protection of intellectual property and rule of law, we've got to get out there and help to shape those rules so that they work for our workers and our businesses. because if we don't, china will write the rules. they may not have the same regard for the values we care about. other countries will write the
rules in ways that disadvantage our workers and our businesses. in asia right now, there are a whole lot of tariffs that keep our products out but because we happen to be some of the most open nations in the world, they're selling our stuff in. so we can't disengage. we've got to engage more. and if we combine that with investments in education and tax policies that are fair and making sure that college is affordable and we're strengthening the safety net, and we're rebuilding our infrastructure which are jobs that cannot be exported. and we're making investments in research and development. and we're building an inclusive society in which everybody has got a fair shot. that's how we're going to solve these problems. and what is absolutely true is that too many folks who have
been in charge around the world have neglected that side of the equation. so we're going to keep on pushing hard to shape an international order that works for our people. but we're not going to be able to do that by cutting off trade because that's going to make all of us poor. >> translator: thank you. now to the second question. >> danielle, millennial. >> translator: good afternoon. i would like to ask you, we have the election process going on in the united states. there is an anti-immigrant, and anti-mexican rhetoric by donald trump. i would like to ask you, did you address this issue during your meeting, and how can you --
what would happen if someone who is not in agreement, he has said it that nafta would -- they would step back from nafta. what did you address in your meetings? thank you. >> translator: i would like to begin by saying that we did address the issue, and we have discussed it during the state visit. specifically, i would speak on behalf of mexico. my government will respect the election process, which is a domestic process for the united states. we are getting ready to work with whom able turns out to be president of the united states. the best way to -- the progress and agreements that have been made so far is to explain clearly and let the people feel
the beauties and the benefits of all the work we do. most of what we have today, it's not random. it might be a gift from god, but it is actually the outcome of our work of the foundations and the work we have done so far. n i believe that in the end of the day, what we manage to achieve today would teach us a lesson and would be for the americans to define who would provide them better guarantees to move into the path towards growth and development based upon what we have managed to build in the past. >> well, i think enrique is right. whoever becomes the president of the united states is going to
have a deep, strong interest in having a strong relationship with mexico. it's our neighbor. our friend. and one of our biggest trading partners. i think i've made it clear, set aside whatever the candidates are saying, that america is a nation of immigrants. that's our strength. unless you are one of the first americans, unless you are a native american, somebody, somewhere in your past showed up from some place else. and they didn't always have papers. and the genius of america has been to define ourselves not by what we look like or what our last name is or what faith we
practice, but our adherence to a common creed. a belief that all people are created equal. a belief in free speech and freedom of assembly and democracy and pluralism and tolerance and rule of law. and we have observed those ideals imperfectly at times. but in each successive generation, we've got a little bit better at it. we've come closer to our ideals. and the notion that somehow we'd stop now on what has been a tradition of attracting talent and strivers and dreamers from all over the world, that would rob us of the thing that is m