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tv   Hillary Clinton It Takes a Country  MSNBC  July 23, 2016 3:00pm-4:01pm PDT

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s to questions like, what's the difference between a fico score and other scores? get the tools. and get better at managing your credit. go to experian.com to enroll in experian creditworks today. two decades. >> hello, and welcome to msnbc. >> more than 175,000 hours of television. >> the judgment of the supreme court of florida is reversed. >> there's a guy with a magnifying glass. this is a presidential election. >> countless news events. >> there were parents who suddenly were afraid to send their children to school. >> they were just trying to stop the economy from going into depression. >> history in the making. >> change has come to america. >> the goal was to make available to everyone. >> this is a total victory for
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the advocates of same-sex marriage. >> how does what happens then impact us now? >> katrina is always in the back of their mind. >> this was a human catastrophe on the broadest level. >> tonight, america is at war with terrorists. >> 9/11, it defined the lives of an entire generation. >> 20 stories that shook the world in 20 years. >> hi, i'm rachel maddow for msnbc. for the last 20 years, msnbc has covered all the biggest news of our time from what seems like a never ending presidential election to a devastating attack on our nation. two decades of events that have transformed not only the way we report as journalists but the way we live, the way we love, the way we learn. right now, 20 events that made headlines and changed us. >> 9/11 continues to change
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everyday life in this country. >> i was being put on my microphone to do my show on msnbc and somebody said a plane has hit the world trade center. >> there's a major incident in lower manhattan. a plane has crashed into one of the upper floors of the world trade center. >> the airplane is clearly a commercial airliner of some sort. >> it's crystal clear. nothing added up. there's a moment where your mind goes to, this could be terror. >> and i don't think that we started to get a lot of clarity, frankly, until the second plane hit. and then the second the second plane hit, i think all of us knew it was terrorism. >> terrorists fly a third jet
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liner into the pentagon. a fourth hijacked plane crashes into a pennsylvania field. by 10:30 a.m., the twin towers have crumbled. >> tonight, america is at war with terrorists after a stunning series of attacks today. >> that day took everything that i knew as a journalist, as a citizen, as a father, as a husband, as someone who had been in the business for 40 years. >> make no mistake. the united states will hunt down and punish those responsible for these cowardly acts. >> the attacks claimsed the livs of nearly 3,000 people from 90
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countries across the globe. >> it was an enormously consequential event that led to a series of other events that didn't just define the last 15 years. it defined the lives of an entire generation. >> everything seems to revolve back around 9/11. the long lines of tsa. it's 9/11. when you get frisked going into a ball game, it's 9/11. it changed our lives and everything we do. >> the country went from being ripped with grief to on a war footing in a very short span of time. >> less than a month after september 11, a u.s. led coalition launches air strikes in afghanistan. marking the start of the longest war this country has ever seen. >> you're either with us or you're against us in the fight against terror.
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>> in march 2003, the u.s. wages war on iraq. after president bush and his administration make the case that saddam hussein is hidie weapons of mass destruction. an allegation proven to be false. >> to later learn those did not exist in iraq at the time of the invasion threatened how many americans viewed truth in government and damaged u.s. relations around the world. >> saddam hussein is captured in 2003 and executed three years later. in 2011, u.s. forces kill al qaeda leader and 9/11 mastermind osama bin laden. >> his death does not mark the end of our effort. no doubt they will continue to pursue attacks against us. we must and we will remain vigilant at home and abroad. >> 15 years after 9/11,
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thousands of u.s. troops remain in iraq and afghanistan. >> we have people now fighting in afghanistan and fighting still in parts of iraq who were 3 years old when the attacks took place. >> a deadly new threat emerges. the islamic state, also known as isis. >> without the iraq war, there is no isis. isis is simply insurgents who were more or less defeated but who then found a way to reinvigorate their organization. isis is armed and funded like no terrorist group in history. >> in the battle with isis, the theater of war has expanded still. most recently to the west. where the terrorist organization executed coordinated attacks in 2015 and brussels in 2016.
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>> there is a line you could draw from 9/11 to the isis-directed atrocities in europe. we cover them now but they are great anomalies and great tragedies. and i think they are. but going forward, i think they're going to become more common place. >> coming up -- people started defaulting on these loans. these homes started getting foreclosed on. it was a domino effect and the bad credit was filtered throughout the financial system. ♪ using 60,000 points from my chase ink card i bought all the framework... wire... and plants needed to give my shop... a face... no one will forget. see what the power of points can do for your business. learn more at chase.com/ink
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the internet makes life so much simpler. now we can point and push and have a few clicks and order almost everything you can imagine. >> before the internet, we bought books in a bookstore and soap in a drugstore. but the rise of the on-demand economy turned traditional business models upside down.
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>> the on demand economy means you're operating faster and more efficient. >> in 1997, online book retailer amazon.com goes public. ushering in a profitable new era of digital commerce in a 24/7 marketplace but books are just the beginning. >> on demand economies have been changed by two things. one is your phone. and the other is satellites in the sky. so they always knew where you are. uber is the most extreme example. i could call a car to anywhere at any time. >> everybody expects whatever they want at a touch of a button and they want it right now and they can get it. >> i did not have sexual relations with that woman. miss lewinsky. >> bill clinton addresses reports about an affair with a
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white house intern. >> bill clinton brought the presidency to a place where it had never been. standing up there and saying, i did not have sexual relations with that woman, a sentence that instantly became memorized by the entire country and also a lie. >> the allegations are very, very serious. if those turn out to be true, this presidency is in serious trouble. >> so much of it was salacious and so much of it was tabloid. at some point, you had to step back and say, the future of the leader of the free world is at stake. >> six months after lying to the country, president clinton confessed to his indiscretions in a primetime broadcast. >> indeed, i did have a relationship with miss lewinsky that was not appropriate. in fact, it was wrong. >> in december 1998, the house of representatives impeaches president clinton charging him with obstruction of justice and lying under oath. >> i do. >> certainly having the kind of
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affair that he did was repugnant to almost every american that a president would do that in the white house but was it a high crime and misdemeanor that would force him from office? >> after a five week trial, the senate reaches its verdict. >> the president acquitted on two accounts. perjury and obstruction of justice. >> 18 years later, the scandal still dogs the clinton family. as hillary clinton becomes the first woman in u.s. history to be the presumptive nominee of a major political party. >> do you remember the famous "i did not have sex with that woman" and she's taking negative ads on me. >> the monica lewinsky affair is going to affect the next election in a big way. >> it's a challenge for hillary clinton because it takes away for who she is as an office holder herself. >> in one of the greatest comebacks of all time, steve jobs returns to apple as interim
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ceo in 1997 after being fired 12 years earlier from the company he founded. >> steve jobs coming back to apple is the smartest decision that company ever made. >> let's chat for a few minutes and see what we try to do here. >> i think being fired -- >> fire, so to speak. >> he was going to show these people who had let him go, what he was going to make of this company. >> this is going to be the hottest gift. >> in the years that follow, apple rolls out a steady stream of revolutionary user friendly products turning it into one of the most successful companies in history. >> steve is undisputably the leader for consumer products in the industry. >> ipod, imac, now ibook? >> they made technology we wanted to use and that was intuitive to learn and they really made it a much more consumer friendly space. >> in 2011, steve jobs dies from pancreatic cancer.
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leaves behind a company that has changed the world. >> i think it's hard to really overstate the influence of apple on all of our lives over the past 20 years. >> good evening, this has been a wild and harrowing and history-making day and we still don't know how this ends. >> in 2008, america's housing bubble bursts. triggering our nation's worst financial disaster since the great depression. >> virtually, all the big debts on subprime mortgage loans, the bonds were bad and didn't see how bad they were. >> the fallout is catastrophic. from individual americans to the nation's largest banks. >> the financial crisis happened because people got mortgages too easy and bought homes they shouldn't have been buying. >> people started defaulting on these loans. these homes started getting foreclosed on and it was like a domino effect and all of that
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bad credit was sort of filtered throughout the financial system. >> bear stearns is arrested and then takes control of fannie mae and lehman brothers collapsed without warning and aig is seized by the fed signaling that the entire u.s. financial system is on the brink of failure. >> the government's response to the crisis was problems rolled in and they dealt with them on a case by case basis. they were trying to stop the economy from going into a depression. >> in an effort to stabilize the economy, congress approves a controversial $700 billion bailout. >> this is truly a monumental moment in american history. >> you can't let it all go down because if the banks go down, the economy is in chaos. >> a lot of people lost their homes and a lot of people lost their jobs.
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and eventually, you saw people downsize and it shook out to where it ought to have been from the start. >> the bailout under the bush administration perceived as government overstepping its bounds and protesters launched a new movement with an old history. >> the chicago tea party in july. >> that's where the tea party movement was really born. they saw wall street getting a bailout when they weren't bailed out. nobody made sure their employer was solvent. and so that got people upset. >> the tea party quickly takes off and in 2010, it helps the gop capture the house. >> people are warped into something different. it's this free floating vessel that collects anger and anxiety wherever it goes and runs on that as fuel but the beginning is the financial crisis. coming up -- >> a bit of trading suddenly,
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presidential race with texas governor george bush and vice president al gore. just after 2:00 a.m., the news networks project a winner. >> barring any recount or any anomalies, george w. bush, the governor of texas is projected now to win the presidency of the united states. >> the al gore was on his way to make a concession speech. en route, they got information it was closing again the other way. >> i got off the phone. true that the vice president has called. his concession. >> the race, it turns out, was too close to call. >> just an hour or so ago, the tv networks called this race for governor bush. but now appears, it now appears that their call was premature. >> the system just simply broke down. i looked into the camera and said we not only have an egg in our face but omelette all over our suits at this point.
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it is not over, ladies and gentlemen. >> al gore leads in the popular vote but the electoral college is in a dead heat. and it all comes down to one state. >> florida was the place where it was close enough to have a recount and had the right number of electoral votes to change the outcome and that's when we discovered how imperfect the voting system is. >> it is a ram shackled process. voting methods vary. some people punch cards. it's all different. >> with reports of widespread voting irregularities, the florida state supreme court orders a manual recount in several counties. >> they would hold up ballots and stare at it. what did this voter mean? >> one woman would say that's a gore vote and another would say, that's a bush vote. and look at the same ballot. >> when you punch the little hole in the card, the little square that gets punched out,
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they call that the chad, doesn't come all the way off. so the question was, how should a hanging chad, they called it, be interpreted? >> there's a guy with a mag enough if nifying glass. i'm like, that's where we're at. >> reached the united states supreme court. >> we got the decision, ran outside and stood on live decision trying to figure out what it was and it did occur to me at the moment, it was not a good one to screw up. >> the judgment of the supreme court of florida is reversed. >> 36 days after the election, the u.s. supreme court votes 5-4 in favor of stopping the florida recount. the controversial decision hands the presidency to george w. bush. >> people who liked the winner were very happy and thought this was great legal scholarship. >> whether you voted for me or
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not, i will do my best to serve your interests and i will work to earn your respect. >> the people who didn't like the outcome thought this was rigged. >> i say to president elect bush that what remains a partisan rancor must be put aside and may god bless his stewardship of this country. >> the decision by the supreme court underscored in many ways the power of the electoral college. i think it also led to a lot of cynicism in the electoral process. >> 16 years and three presidential elections later, the 2016 race for the white house proves that the process is still anything but predictable. >> the risk for irregularities in voting still very real and certainly those who work in election law have gotten more sophisticated on how they're ready to battle this out if it comes to that. >> the huge battle in the music industry these days against the internet site known as napster.
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>> sean parker and sean launched the music file sharing service napster. >> it was to make music available to everyone. >> blind sides the record industry and permanently transforms the way music is distributed and sold. >> instead of trading cassettes, suddenly, songs are flying around for free like crazy. >> at its peak, 70 million users are swapping songs on napster costing the record industry hundreds of millions of dollars in lost revenue. before the service is forced to shut down in 2001. >> we started a cultural revolution but we didn't succeed as a business. >> nearly two years after napster's demise, apple launches the itunes music store. an online marketplace that redefines the single. >> i can't remember the last time i bought an entire album. it's an a la carte menu out there. >> subscription based streaming
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services are edging out digital downloads by selling to massive music stored in the cloud. >> i think most people in the music business have no idea what the future will be. there's all these technological challenges to profitability and they don't know how to combat that. >> while researching treatments for high blood pressure and heart disease, the drug company pfizer accidentally develops a life changing little blue pill. in 1998, viagra is approved by the fda. >> turns out there's a side effect a lot of initial patients had. they developed erections and the pharmaceutical companies thought there was a much better place to market than another blood pressure pill. >> viagra helped to treat erectile dysfunction but made that condition part of the national conversation. >> sales of viagra quadrupled
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since its launch but no equivalent for the other half of the population. coming up -- >> really did introduce a new era, if you will, of mass shootings at schools. ♪ ♪ (vo) you can pass down a subaru forester. (dad) she's all yours. (vo) but you get to keep the memories. love. it's what makes a subaru, a subaru. kellogg's® frosted 8 layers of wheat... and one that's sweet. for the adult and kid in all of us. ♪ kellogg's frosted mini-wheats® feed your inner kidult and i quit smoking with chantix. i have smoked for 30 years
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hi, i'm richard lui with your hour's top stories. hillary clinton making her vice presidential pick official earlier today making the stage for a rally in miami with virginia senator tim cain. she told the roaring crowd that he will be commander in chief if needed. and he said tough people do last. and in kabul, targeting a protest killed 80 people. more than 200 hurt. isis claimed responsibility for that. for now, back to our msnbc special.
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>> for 20 years, msnbc covered the biggest news stories and how they impact our life today. in that time, mass shootings in the usa have become shockingly frequent and never more debating. april 20th, 1999, two teenage students armed with shotguns and semiautomatic weapons enter columbine high school in littleton, colorado, and they open fire. >> skrecreaming, crying, tellin him not to shoot me and so he shot the girl and shot her in the head in front of me. >> the mid-morning massacre captured on school security cameras claims the lives of 12 students and one teacher before the shooter turns their guns on themselves. >> there were parents, thousands of miles away, from columbine high school who suddenly were afraid to send their children to
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school. >> it did really introduce a new era, if you will, of mass shootings at schools. >> since 1999, there have been more than 250 school shootings in this country. the 2007 massacre at virginia tech kills 32 people. in 2012, six faculty and 20 first graders are killed at sandy hook elementary in newton, connecticut. >> i will never forget the day i drove into newtown. one had christmas lights strung. i had this reallization that there were christmas trees in houses with presents under them for children who would never open them. that moment i thought, how can we as a nation deal with this again? with the senseless loss of precious young life? >> four months after sandy hook, a bill banning military style
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assault weapons fails in the u.s. senate and mass shootings continue to take place all over our country. >> somehow, this has become routine. the reporting is routine. my response here at this podium ends up being routine. the conversation in the aftermath of it. we've become numb to this. >> innocent people are killed in movie theaters. and houses of worship. and most recently, at a gay nightclub in orlando, florida. >> our collective sense of security was shattered again today by terror. >> oh my god. people are getting shot. >> 49 people are killed and another 53 injured in what is the worst mass shooting in u.s. history. >> mass shootings in this country have certainly affected the debate about gun control but not in the ways many people
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think. we've seen, certainly, the last several mass shootings that gun sales go up as the conversation goes up on guns and availability and may or may not have contributed to the latest horror. >> the advent of modern technology introduced a new generation of virtual vigilantes. fueling the ongoing debate about personal privacy versus national security. >> wikileaks took on the u.s. military and started leaking documents and videos from the military's own servers. >> in 2010, whistle blower wikileaks publishes a highly classified vehicle showing a 2007 air strike that kills 12 people including civilians. >> one small child wounded. >> oh, damn. oh well. >> there was something jarring
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about being able to see something that feels like we shouldn't be seeing but also that we had to see. how many other incidents are there like this that we're not seeing? >> three years later, former nsa contractor edward snowden leaks classified u.s. documents to a british newspaper revealing controversial u.s. surveillance practices including the tracking of phone records of millions of americans. >> this needed to be told to the public. you know? the constitution of the united states had been violated on a massive scale. >> facing espionage charges in the u.s., snowden flees to rouge a -- russia and is granted asylum. collecting bulk phone met that data meta data. >> they lost a powerful and effective tool. >> this is something the
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country's only coming to grapple with. we want our privacy. but, you know, we're going to have some trade-offs here. we have to decide what those are and we haven't yet. >> nearly 1.7 million americans will be diagnosed with cancer in 2016. since the early '90s, the death rate from the disease has dropped by 23% in the u.s. >> the medical community will never encounter a more vicious militaristic enemy than cancer. >> after decades of clinical trials, in 2015, the fda approves a powerful new weapon in the war on cancer called immunotherapy. >> it's big in cancer because i'm in remission but it's there. everyone in the field said we're on the cusp of a golden age and it's about immunotherapy and
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about using the cancer to fight the cancer in your body. >> it's used successfully to treat skin cancers like melanoma as well as lung cancers. >> vice president joe biden is leading the charge to accelerate cancer research after losing his 46-year-old son, beau, to brain cancer. >> i learned so much from so many of these brilliant, brilliant docs that i began to realize they were right. that we are at an inflection point and we need something to push it over. coming up -- >> we rely on government in times of crisis and it failed. it failed a lot of people. [ be] oh, hey, jamie, can you hang back a sec? ♪ you wanna tell me about the boy in this painting? i dunno...maybe nobody understands him. well, if he were here, i'd say that being different is what makes him special. just like our discounts -- each one is unique, but together, they help save our customers a lot of money. okay.
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deteriorating levees in new orleans are breached. flood waters pour into the city. >> there were neighborhoods where homes would literally be wiped from the face of the earth. >> we hitched a ride on one of these air boats. as we were going down this street, a river, i should say, and you realize you're looking at these homes and everybody is still home. >> we've got people in three story houses still trying to survive in the house. >> what started as a natural disaster quickly becomes a national tragedy. >> the call went out to evacuation but there were communities where people don't have cars and don't have access to a lot of notifications. >> more than 20,000 residents seek refuge at the new orleans super dome. only to find deplorable conditions, mass confusion, and little help from local or federal authorities. >> the only thing angrier than
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katrina are the thousands of hungry, tired, and thirsty that katrina left in its wake. >> that was the most graphic show of how it was almost okay to do this to certain people of a certain class, and a certain race. >> we have nothing. >> and i don't know anybody. >> this was a human catastrophe on the broadest level. there are moments where you just had to sit down for a couple of minutes and just, you know, accept the humanity of it. how sad this was. that was hard. >> from local and president bush's disconnect from the job, the government response is under fire. >> i drove all the way down to the coast and drove up and down
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and were commenting, where are the police officers? where's the national guard? they were nowhere to be seen. >> we're right here. >> in the end, nearly 2,000 lives are lost. and a million people are displaced. >> on the local, state, and federal levels, they have clearly learned the lessons of katrina. katrina is always in the back of their mind with every storm that approaches. they evacuate people faster. they react much quicker. >> we rely on government in times of crisis and to protect us, and it failed. it failed a lot of people. it was shameful. since 1992, world leaders have convened every year to discuss ways to fight climate change. in 1997, a treaty called the kyoto protocol, the u.s. won't support it and it fails.
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nearly a decade later, an inconvenient truth has its premiere. >> i am al gore. i used to be the next president of the united states. >> the film shines a spotlight on global warming and on former vice president al gore's climate change activism. >> is it possible to threaten others besides terrorists? >> what al gore did is create a really simple but entertaining film that explained the science in a way that almost anybody could understand it. >> what "an inconvenient truth" did is got people curious enough to figure out exactly what climate change or global warming is. >> 17 years after the failed kyoto protocol, countries promised to limit the limit well below 2 degrees celsius. >> we are going to win this. the remaining question is how
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quickly we will win it. it is 10:50 p.m. on the east coast of the united states. we've been following the car accident in this evening of paris, france. >> the car accident with princess diana and the paparazzi stunned the world. >> it was looking more and more likely that princess diana had died. when the time comes to say that, it's emotional. it's hard. >> princess diana has died according to the british news agency press association. >> she had captured the imagination of people around the world on so many levels that it really did become like a global tragedy. and i think people mourn that because they felt like they lost someone they knew. >> princess diana's life was cut short but the impact on the british monarchy endures. >> she showed a humanity that
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the royal family hadn't shown in a long time. >> nearly two decades later, the public embraces an increasingly accessible royal family. >> they're gracious, friendly, courteous and human. by 1994, aids is the leading cause of death for all americans between the ages of 25 and 44. >> fight aids! >> two years later, a life-saving breakthrough for the more than half a million americans living with the disease. complicated and expensive cocktail of anti-retro viral drugs. >> we saw a dramatic decline in the deaths and diseases due to aids. whole hospital wards that used to be devoted to hiv and aids closed down. >> we now have the ability to promise to most people who have hiv they could have a near normal life expectancy and quality of life.
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>> with 37 million people worldwide living with hiv and aids, the challenge now is access to the treatment. >> hiv and aids is still a major public health concern because of limited resources and access to these medications. there's still a long way to go in terms of prevention and treatment. coming up -- >> don't shoot! >> you saw this conversation about do we value the lives of young black men? are they the throwaway parts of our society? its way into your day, i hear you. to everyone with this pain that makes ordinary tasks extraordinarily painful, i hear you. make sure your doctor hears you too! i hear you because i was there when my dad suffered with diabetic nerve pain. if you have diabetes and burning, shooting pain in your feet or hands, don't suffer in silence! step on up and ask your doctor about diabetic nerve pain. tell 'em cedric sent you. ...cleasee ya!ake off. when you're living with diabetes.
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is anyone out there who still doubts that america is a place where all things are possible? tonight is your answer. >> november 4th, 2008, an extraordinary moment in american history. >> this was the first breaking
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of the mold. >> barack hussein obama is elected the 44th president of the united states and becomes the nation's first african-american chief executive. >> i think the world has come to think that this nation who had the legacy of slavery and segregation elected a black president. i thought he was a statement for this country that was such a good powerful thing, that sense of optimism. and my god, this was a really great country. >> obama energizes the electorate through a sweeping campaign promising hope and change. behind the scenes, his team leverages the power of big data to target voters and secure his victory in the landmark election. >> president obama got through multiple hurdles. number one, it doubts that even african-american voters had to the viability of a black candidate. number two, the lack of name recognition and that name,
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barack hussein obama. >> it's been a long time coming, but tonight, because of what we did on this day, in this election, at this defining moment, change has come to america. >> the rise of the internet in the late '90s yields a company that begins in a california garage and goes on to unleash the power of the worldwide web. >> google grew with the scale of the internet. and we were amazed at the number of contributors, the amount of content. >> nearly a decade after the domain name is registered, google is a technology giant. and the word google is so e ubiquito ubiquitous, it is added to the dictionary. >> we have on the order of 3 billion people connected to the internet. virtually all of them use google, probably at least once a month and on a daily basis, it would be in the billions. >> in 2006, the online
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networking platform facebook opens to the general public. it launches a social media revolution. >> here's a company that grew out of a college dorm room that has over a billion people on the planet using it. >> today, social media shows explosive growth. >> twitter, pinterest, facebook, instagram. the biggest thing is that social media makes you think of yourself as a brand. >> it makes the world a smaller place. fundamentally change the way we connect, communicate, and organize. >> all these tools have done is they've harnessed groups and passions to the same sense we celebrate the use of facebook, twitter, and others, it's also true that the opposition infiltrates those and knows exactly what it's doing. it goes both ways. >> outrage erupts in 2012 when trayvon martin, an unarmed teenager is shot and killed
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while walking down the street in florida. a man named george zimmerman is charged with second-degree murder. a year later, a trial, zimmerman claims he acted in self-defense and he's acquitted. those who oppose the ruling unite and launch the national movement "black lives matter". >> the black lives matter movement was born out of the need to affirm black life in a day and age we're seeing senseless killings of unarmed black people. >> you saw this conversation about, do we value the lives of young black men? are these the throwaway parts of our society that they could be killed without consequence? >> in 2014, a ferguson, missouri, police officer shoots and kills michael brown. another unarmed black teenager. the officer said he feared for his life. >> don't shoot! >> it was striking to me of the sheer fury, frustration, and rage of folks who live there. >> we're on the air and they
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were shouting things at us like, why are you here now? we've been here for years. why are you just showing up? >> and they were furious, pissed off at police. and a bunch of young men started chucking rocks. >> we are telling the true story. >> people are angry. they're really angry. >> i think people felt so ignored, undervalued and trod upon for so long and then the glare of national media attention wasn't capturing the reality and people were enormously frustrated by that. >> each death and police custody. each report of police brutality fueling the black lives matter movement and cameras capturing the final days of people like walter scott, freddie gray, sandra bland. >> there have always been
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police/citizen altercations that are controversial but we're living in the era now that information is getting out so rapidly through social media. >> it's the civilian. any civilian can tape a police encounter and create a set of facts that are an eyewitness account. >> in one devastating week earlier this month, a video circulates online of police killing alton sterling in indiana. less than 48 hours later, he's killed. >> just shot him and he's armed. >> the next evening, a peaceful black lives matter protest in texas erupts in chaos when a sniper ambushes police killing five officers. nine officers and two civilians are wounded. >> all i know is that this must stop. this divisiveness.
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between our police and our citizens. >> i find it implausible that two men deciding to commit themselves to each other threaten the marriage of people a couple of blocks away. >> in 1996, president bill clinton signs the defense of marriage act, a divisive law banning federal recognition of same-sex marriages. >> we're year. >> doma ignites a two year legal battle over equal rights. >> it said, first of all, if one said declares the right to same-sex marriage, no other state has to honor that and the second thing it said is if a state decides to grant same-sex marriage, the federal government cannot recognize that right. >> in the years after doma, 31 states pass laws or constitutional amendments to ban same-sex marriage. in some cases, states do both. >> to insist that male/male or
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female/female relationships must have the same status is absurd. >> but proponents of equal rights forge ahead. in 2000, vermont recognizes civil unions and by 2003, same-sex marriage is legalized in massachusetts. >> conservative backlash is fierce and sweeping. >> our nation must enact a constitutional amendment to protect marriage. >> it's incredible how quickly the issue of same-sex marriage has moved in 2004. >> by 2012, same-sex marriage is legalized in six states and washington, dc. >> watching vice president biden come around on this issue before the president was an incredible moment on a number of levels. >> i am absolutely comfortable with the fact that men marrying men and women marrying women and
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heterosexual men and women are entitled the same exact rights. >> in 2015, in monumental and unambiguous decision, the united states supreme court rules that the constitution guarantees the right to same-sex marriage. >> this is a total victory for the advocates of same-sex marriage. >> today, we can say in no uncertain terms that we've made our union a little more perfect. >> just a little more perfect. as we've seen over the last 20 years, this country and the whole world have been shaped my key players and major events and at times, change has been good. at times, change has been slow. and sometimes, change is very unwelcome. but as we reflect on the past 20 years, we're also looking forward to the future, to the next 20 years.
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i'm rachel maddow. thanks for watching. >> where are we going to begin? >> i think we should begin with day one of msnbc. >> where else? >> it was bare bones, nerve-wracking. >> i can't believe it's been 20 years. >> msnbc was such a cutting edge place when it went on the air. >> favorite msnbc memory, wow. >> she does not have a short memory. i have a short memory. >> thank you so much. >> thank you. election year 2016. a political year without precedence. >> i call her crooked hillary. she's crooked. >> don

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