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tv   [untitled]    June 11, 2011 12:30am-1:00am PDT

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so you would r.t. this take a look at the headlines going down. three months since the deadly earthquake hit japan and crippled the fukushima power plant there's still no end in sight to the country's radioactive crisis test isn't tokyo holding mass demonstrations against the country's use of nuclear energy. activists try to draw media attention to a secretive meeting of some of the world's most influential leaders they want the build of the group to be opened up to public scrutiny of the gender of this news gathering remains on the road and speculation mounts that the new international
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monetary fund head other ways to save the euro on the table. on the next winter olympic games host the russian city of sochi is getting a major facelift sure its infrastructure and schools facilities are put paralympic athletes and spectators with disabilities on the girl next to not spotlight program ugh another speaks about various foreign minister to find out why the country is considering listing elements of the new terms missile shield as coming right now. hello yanna welcome to spotlight they interview show on r.t. i maldonado and today my guest is it will identify. the area as voce and
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important for russia's energy projects in the region and also an integral part of an ambitious nato missile shield military project all this political gathering diplomacy and the center of intensive diplomatic negotiations to tell us about the results of negotiations in moscow and also to explain bulgaria's point of view on burning international issues on the show is both gary as foreign minister has an effect. russia and nato have failed to come to terms on the project missile defense shield in europe who's confused about who the alliance believes is a potential enemy placing its warhead so close to russia borders bulgaria is all the european countries feel safe on the nature protection and supports the shield if you just strongly believes the proliferation of ballistic technology will make such protection vitally necessary.
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it was a little welcome to the show a very good speaker thank you very much for being with us it's a pleasure and an order well first of all i wanted to ask you about your meeting move your recent meeting with mr lavrov the russian foreign minister where you said i quote it's of paramount importance that our balcony become part of the european security system well obviously you meant membership in nato. so i also meant membership in european union ok right and are you sure that that nato is the main factor that will guarantee security in europe is that is that the belief i'm absolutely positive because if you look at it. things historically you will see the last twenty years in the balkans we have seen so many was so many divisions among ethnic groups and religions that we have a historic opportunity actually more than that we have
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a historic responsibility to make sure a war will be impossible in the balkans and the way you make war impossible in the balkans is by bringing in the neighbors in the west welcomes into many european union and nato that achieves two things very important things first it provides for a common framework of laws and regulations to allow for the development of society secondly it builds on the community of values that europe has in terms of security when your advice. together with everyone around you you don't fight you don't waste money and you don't waste resources. protecting each of us you also forget to enable us you actually invest your money and your resources in fact leading the contemporary challenges of security that we have and these challenges today are quite different from the way they looked in the nineteenth century one of
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the twentieth century there was in foreign minister voiced more than once the russian position russian proposal to create ten european system think unity not centered in nato what with so few. opinion about how to have the proposal we've looked very carefully a proposal that came from russia for a new security architecture if i'm going to go of that and i think the many issues that still need to be discussed within the framework of the always see the always see is the framework that gives. the entire brings everyone together in a forum to discuss the security challenges we face but our view is that the best way to guarantee security. for all of us within nato russia each and every country is that being engaged on more practical and practical ways in involving us military establishments and involving upwards cool stuff in daily interaction to protect
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ourselves from the threats that emerge from outside both europe and russia and north america this is a very this is a very important approach to be much more practical in that sense but also to look at the existing structures that we have there's a very good framework within the nato russia council in which we meet. all of them and we discuss exactly these three issues we discuss the challenges of security we discuss how we're going to work together in afghanistan what we face a major threats from the. from the taliban and from and from international terrorism how we're going to tackle the problem of piracy and somalia all of these issues that we can deal with and i think this framework is a is a very substantial one we need to build on it we don't need to start from scratch we need to build an existing institutions and we have almost no seems to be very nervous about the u.s. plans creating
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a missile shield and you get to decide to take part in this program is this decision final where is the course because if of course it was and it is a decision which is not just in the national interest but it's in the interest of the security of the border and citizens as we go forward with the development of the nato ballistic missile defense system it is of paramount importance to us that the entire territory of gary be covered by the system so that citizens can feel protected from the threats that they emerge when you contend these threats and these threats do not come from russia they come from a number of factors and they are common to both europe major and russian. here's here's just a very quick list we have a an interregnum know nonproliferation regime which over the last ten years since faced very stiff opposition and has in some parts been weakened this is a substantial international problem today ballistic missile technology is much more
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accessible we didn't ten twenty thirty years ago and you have a number of radical groups and ideologies the aim of acquiring such weapons and this is this is a combination of these three factors and if you had a number of countries that are quite unstable as we speak as well this threat becomes very important so what is important for us with a nato and russia is to find ways in which we can work together jointly together protect ourselves against such a threat and some of the proposals that have been made is to start again with a very practical approach on setting up a mechanism setting up a center for good exchange information that would builds trust between the military people up and let's go leaders so that when you have such a sense that which allows for all the nato missile defense system and the russian
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missile defense system to exchange information and to develop in coordination and you back that up with the political will which was very clear from the just one summit. to work together then slowly but surely would develop that cooperation in that trust that is vital so i don't think that anyone in russia should feel threatened by the system on the contrary it provides as a wonderful and very practical opportunity to jointly work together against the quantum steps then could you explain why why wasn't. washington and or to nato countries happy about the russian proposal and part of that system you remember the russians proposed anything. the qabala station for tracking this doesn't sound like these but there is a very busy very these are very complicated discussions because they always end up in a technical debate that relates to military technology and all kinds of other quite specific issues i think what is important is that there is
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a political will which will state that both by nato and by president but if that we find the ways in which we can cooperate and we can quell the mate and this and that and that we now move to the next level of the after the statement to find the more deleterious through which we can begin to exchanging information and building the trust in this i think this would be this is quite important it is a very innovative project if you think about it it's probably you know. five years ago or ten years ago if somebody has come to you and said nato and russia are thinking how to work together to protect their territories against ballistic missiles coming from third countries you would have probably laughed yeah i thought that is crazy but today we i still consider it to be crazy when somebody tells me that russia may become part of something american military program such as
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the establishment which still is an american program and you believe you really believe that russia may become part of it what it actually well it's obvious. you say that what i say is that you know there are no rules only unities there are a number of opportunities for nato and for russia to work together in protecting nato and protecting russia. by using our own systems against such a threat. i don't see why people here are so skeptical of that i do wish that you know. people in russia would be a little bit more understanding of the fact that we are now partners there is a partnership that is being signed. nato and russia there's a strategic relationship between the european union and russia and that one doesn't need to be you know suspicious of everything one needs to be much more open minded and to find a way through which we work together in
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a way that actually delivers to the indian the interest of our citizens because the citizens of all garia are citizens of russia the citizens of any country. in europe or in north america basically the same people want to live in security they want to have their rights guaranteed and they want to have economic opportunity and when there are threats against. against these very basic human desires we must stand up and protect ourselves against them well a you said that russia obviously is not the. threat and you also mention the terrorist groups that want to cry or weapons but terrorist groups are not firing ballistic missiles it would be more specific and would you consider the threats coming from and you do know places where these missiles that would be shot over bulgaria and fired from i would be a little bit more careful with you with such an assessment because twenty years ago
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. terrorists did not do many of the things which we now you now find to be a common practice of animals some groups improvised explosive devices very sophisticated improvised explosive devices complicated and well planned attacks on civilians aimed at disrupting civilian infrastructure in the parks done recently we had terrorists walk into a naval facility and do quite a lot of damage there so the world is changing and we need to be prepared not just for the threats of yesterday but for the threats of more and this is why. developing such a system in concert with other things that we're doing in concert and the dialogue that we have on identifying. the core. fundamental reasons why terrorist groups exist in the world in addressing very fundamental i
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deal with ideological divisions that now try to explain the world is of collapsing and some form of question of some right solutions of the question of religions all of this is fundamentally. a problem an issue that we must solve and it doesn't matter where that comes from russia whether it comes from. says. areas foreign minister. will be back shortly after we take a great settled stay way i don't know. it was created to serve public interests to inform and to entertain.
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these days there's nothing easier than opening a new media outlets but there is nothing harder than revoking its license in case of corruption. when just from. san antonio in front of the crowd you can involved in a community where you have one large corporation controlling the daily newspaper radio stations television stations the cable outlet that you tell me that that sounds like democracy the public opinion versus f.c.c. broadcast blues on r.g.p. . while kings go mad their people suffer. kahlo some to good advantage of power that was given to them. the secrets of big dirty money. on r.g.p.
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. welcome back to spotlight i'm al going off and just to remind you that my guest on the show today is nicole miller jennifer who is the foreign minister of bulgaria mr weldon garia and was determined to contribute into another. big. program of nato which is the mission in libya russia's foreign minister a lover of was criticizing nato as operation in libya in its current form he said he said that it was not corresponding to the initial nato resolution well what does bill gary think about your participation in the libya and the libya operation and what's the final goal ousting could after what can do you actually see the final go approach yes i do and i think first of all it by start by saying that.
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i think it's very unfortunate the way that colonel gadhafi responded to the legitimate concerns of the legitimate demands that he has as people that for more democracy informal but the space and government and for more openness the right way to respond to such demands structure to address the real concerns that people have notes to take the tanks into the streets not to call your citizens rats and not to attack them and this is what happens particularly in benghazi and if it hadn't been for the very quick and very rapid reaction of some countries because of nato or any united nations of the u.n. security council resolution and so the nato operation we would have seen a massacre of one proportions extent so i think that the operation in
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libya is right it is legitimate because it's based on the. u.n. security council resolution and it is just because it protects the people from b.p. now if you ask me about the final how do we get out of that question that question is very much a political question and i think the international community has laid very clearly one of the requirements or the. stepping stones towards reaching such an agreement and will get it takes a very strong interest in libya because we have a strong relationship with the people of libya and we have many people grand national school and it would be analysis shows very clearly that the political resolution to the future of libya must be based on a strong and very clear roadmap which brings people together from both east and west of the country that unites the tribes of libya the different families of the different factions brings them together in
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a process which allows them to choose their. own transitional authority a transitional authority that. will design a new constitution will design a process of building up to an election of course in this process there is really no place for caught up i think and i hope that he will understand what soon unfortunately he doesn't seem to have a list of them so now that the. the staying on continuing to stay in the position that he has now it's not just on the table for him in the long run but it is beginning to damage very much the libyan people i hope that you know we will see also an increased international effort so drastic humanitarian situation both on the side of. him in places like misrata what it's very severe but also increasingly in tripoli as well we hear more and more
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reports from our people on the ground of the difficult conditions that people. face . as a naval assets and naval blockade that exists and banks we come traveling to the contact group meeting and i would probably where we should be discussing further international with and i hope that discussion will focus also on how do we find a political solution to this crisis. this is the same i mean your opinion about libya who do talk about me i mean about syria syria should the international community also exert pressure on bashar asad to to to to to stop violence against his own people get a demonstration would that solve the situation the scene as you see it i that's that's a very complicated question because i generally don't think that we should look at the situation in the middle east and. without understanding the specifics of each
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country syria is a very different country from libya unfortunately president assad. has not been able to push forward the reforms that he promised and what we have seen over the last few months is an increase in violence in syria which is completely unacceptable and it is it is in the long run it damages very very seriously syria bill syrian society and the ability of syria to come into a community of nations the very much welcome it if it if it meets all international standards and good practices on this i was in the us because a few weeks ago and met with president assad and we had a long discussion about the reforms that are needed and about the need to stop the violence unfortunately i think we have the violence has gone so far and so people into the syrian society but now we're really in the last minutes stays open opening
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for political reform understand that over the last few days some. initiatives have been taken to allow for an amnesty to have a debate on the constitutional changes and also to open a dialogue with the. different opposition groups within syria however this is too little much much more needs to be done and it needs to be done very very quickly. one of the most. wooden questions in russian i had to get a bilateral relations is cup ration ration and energy cooperation in two thousand and six had to countryside big reman to build their nuclear power plant in bell anything else. right well however construction has not started yet can you tell us the main reason the main obstacles why isn't the project starts cracking
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thank you good question but let me start somewhere else because you said it would be easier shoes or energy is one of the most important issues and our relationship and i agree with you but it's not the only one we have a very good relationship with russia and my visit here was to try and focus more of our discussions not just on energy and tourism but on a number of other areas where we can cooperate including culture. and education as far as berlin is concerned elin is a very big project and it's quite a complicated project the way that the bulgarian government approaches it is in a constructive manner to try and see to make sure that the project itself which was developed some time ago the cone as you sort of contract was signed in two thousand and six but it's a little project that goes back some thirty instance but everything in the project today meets the highest possible international standards and particularly european
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requirements and safety you understand that after fukushima we are all very much more sensitive towards what safety and i'm not saying that before fukushima we were lax on it but the public itself is now very much much less so what we're doing now is our experts are working with the russian experts to make sure that the project is. at the very very top of safety requirements and we don't have any differences but because. neither bulgaria nor russia nor any other country would be willing to jeopardize them safety and secondly we're working on creating the. economic and the financial package to make this project interesting to outside investors as well because it's a they said in the beginning this is a very substantial project obviously this takes time it doesn't happen quickly but i can assure you that it is in the interests of both good and energy companies the
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russian energy company to this and will do in a both governments and everyone else in europe we if we go ahead with this project if we go ahead with it on the very very firm basis that doesn't leave any questions to be asked to start a safety economic benefits financial backing just people who take wiki leaks seriously they say that one of the reasons they're hampering this project may be that the americans would have pretty much pressure on bulgaria according to wiki leaks. that in favor of house instead of russia that i'm american investors instead of russian investors is that true. i'm not one of those people who take wiki leaks seriously so if you want sort of all that you both find somebody who takes a series of other sources of information says that despite as i said i think you know all of the conspiracy theories and these discussions that have been spurred by
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leaks are very interesting and fascinating but the reality is that we're talking about a nuclear power facility i nuclear power facility is a highly complicated. facility that must. you know at the very minimum you meet the requirements in terms of safety you know. and as i said after fukushima people have been very sensitive to that but you have to do was you know we're not abandoning them for an original at this point definitely a lot. of people a sense of after fukushima but people in bulgaria also remember. and they remember the effects of that hatch and these affect still linger on in many bulgarian families there are stories about how the government then the communist government
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then did not inform people of the risks that they were facing going out into the streets because of the clouds and all of that and indeed some people to conserve have to be a very serious crime so this is why. society is very sensitive to these issues so you know with all due respect we clearly exclude all due respect to different types of reactors and producers when you build something on your own territory you wanted to be top notch thank you thank you very much for being with us and just to remind you that my guest on the show today was the end of the far this throughout the area and that's it for now from all of us the spotlight will be back with more first and comments on what's going on in and outside russia and so then stay on. and take it.
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