tv [untitled] June 24, 2011 8:31pm-9:01pm EDT
well the forum functions as a good attention grabber for guests from other parts of russia and beyond the brand new tomsk special economic zone is a place where the push for new high tech sector development is underway year round this is two hundred seventy hectares are divided into two campuses one in jason to the well established university center on. the other by the massive petrochemical plant complex in its turn or the zone has a specific mandate to attract innovative residents process intended to ensure applicants have ideas and products to contribute to an expanding knowledge based economy the main site in the city southeast will eventually be a fully equipped with congress an administrative centers office space solutions for large and small businesses alike and top quality infrastructure combinations and amenities for all their workers and guests. a company looking to set up its r. and d. center and constructed building here. a similar project outside the special
economic zone at least eighteen months. cheaper thanks to the incentives and breaks we can offer here because. those benefits are enough to attract already an established player in the russian microelectronics market with twenty years of experience and more than a thousand highly skilled staffers on their payroll sitting up inside the zone where firms pay social taxes in a bargain fourteen percent on salaries instead of the russian standard thirty four should keep clean room compensation highly competitive. on new products important or ships their microchip production is largely directed towards hardware for telecommunications systems radio locator devices and microwave electronics all fields with fierce international competition for new ideas and markets but they've already shown their ability to corner important mishits mccrone is applying top quality microelectronics systems to the specialized needs of siberia's economy.
river transplant was a long life line for isolated cities. and it remains a vital link in the latest equipment to stay competitive and safe. pinpoint. previous generations provide the location of potential hazards. the inevitable siberian ice flows. itself is in the fact that it's fully based on solid state technology there's no high voltage in it the peak power it uses is twelve volts this means high reliability of all its components we expect the mean time before failure to be thirty thousand hours which means years and years of uninterrupted operation as for operating range the key difference from existing systems is that this one has no blind spots. the manufacturing of the right body is similar to the production of printed circuit
boards it's very efficient so we hope it will allow us to cut prices significantly in the future. the river system is just one of the many destinations for me. as technology has improved. devices has come down dramatically leading to increased demand for the longer lasting data transmitters. and the applications keep right on expanding. our customers include oil and gas drilling companies and those that require wireless transmission mobile phone operators in particular. last year we completed an order for. they needed a large network. based on our p d h. telecom
relay stations for the far flung residence and resources of so many russian regions . and it. oversees six thousand kilometers of pipelines in some of the world's most isolated regions so the transmitters that monitor their condition have to hold up largely on their own. most electronics are fairly temperature sensitive your microphone is testing their receiver transmitters from a bomb the fifty above all the way down to a frosty fifty below. precisely that degree of expertise and experience big shots nokia siemens cited when selecting. its russian joint venture aimed at producing the backbone for the country's first nationwide four g. network. forces to the special economic zone in a project said to pump ten thousand l.t.e. base stations a year. brings its own scientific base and original solutions to the project particularly in the field of
a lot of technology we are planning to include gallium arsenide. comes online later this year mcclellan will have made yet another contribution to the vital infrastructure connected and just as they work to ensure the viability of every invaluable uplink they'll be working to ensure the information bridge to the future starts today and. most of the water in and around homes is plenty clean enough for leisure activities like a lazy day out fishing or the occasional summer swim still you probably won't catch anybody drinking it straight from the source and local beverage producers have even higher purity standards to meet fortunately a filtration method pioneered by scientists is helping us quench our thirst for crystal clear. is one of many companies to emerge from the ideas and talented minds of tomsk university in the. case for me institute of string physics
a material science world wide filtration research is produced defective membrane methods but they are often costly and limited in throughput volume the founders are discovered that instead of straining water for harmful microbes and pollutants especially treated electrostatically charge material might be used to suck up these elements like a magnet. filters have found a happy customers in rural schools. and other parts of siberia where naturally high iron content is a real danger to children they also help brewery and other bottlers meet state regulations with perfect and near perfect results often stumping testers the best news the magic material appears to have even broader applications. initially this material was meant to filter water purifier from microorganisms viruses and bacteria which is an important issue. the material was developed quite
successfully only after that an idea emerged that could address a major problem facing clinical medicine you could even say it's a problem facing all of humankind and that's the developing resistance of microorganisms to antibiotics. so how can this substance help reworked in bandages known as it can remove infections caused by harmful bacteria without requiring any biopic medication applied widely disc it helps slow the trend of increased resistance to such drugs as well as offering a solution for patients like this man whose condition would otherwise be very tough to treat. when he came in we observed a fourth degree burn of the exhibits all region at the base of the skull with a significant lesion when we see cultures from the wound we discovered an infection of puritan bacillus one of the most virulent pathogens hardly susceptible to and to big serial treatment like antibiotics. using this material we saw that the wound
cleared up rather quickly and that the cleaning period roughly coincided with the formation of new granular tissue as a result our patients despite the serious lesions instead of the usual one hundred fifty to one hundred eighty days of active treatment was something this serious recovered in just eighty days. with. like most modern bandaging the nuvi develops into septic dressing is composed of two sterile non-abrasive fabric layers this secret to their success however lies in the absorbent microfiber layer between these micro fibers are tiny crumpled balls particles of an aluminum based nano powder dusted on the layer of the materials effectiveness is the positive charge these microscopic particles are packing when applied to a potential source of infection or harmful bacteria electrostatic forces attract negatively charged microbes to the absorbent layer of the dressing locking them down in never letting go. there are currently no in terms of
functionality as a rule the septic material is toxic to the infection placed on it. simply extracts microorganisms viruses and bacteria from the infected areas whether the wound is a cut or some sort of look and it does not matter whether the microorganisms resistant to antibiotics or not. while the food is pain a vivid picture of the video dressing in action that actual lifting of the microbes is still easier seen in the institute's laboratories where we witnessed a layer of the negatively charged bad guys lining a typical petri dish a small disc of the material layered on top when pulled away the disk really does take off the microbes it contacts. the healing process here happens in an entirely new way. stopped being healed from the bottom up eliminating the need for
skin grafts and no cool scrawny elation tissue is formed with the epithelium is restored almost completely pain is either considerably reduced or entirely eliminated this points to good prospects for this material and its usage for various purposes this is what we're working on along with medical specialists studies are ongoing to find out exactly what he develops does to extract infectious bacteria and why is the electra static activity responsible for the pain relief effect does the dressing serve similar purposes for both long term and more urgent treatment as with the concept for filtering water that came before it this is a material properties were first theorized increasingly tested and released his products only in accordance with distributed regulations that relate to help impacting arenas like water filtration and medical treatment having passed through this long road from principle to practice if you develop bandages are set for sale
beyond. already this summer in the meantime the lead in the institute behind it are busy pushing the test of their own success story further to see what other exciting results might lie ahead. across town success stories are also coming from the special economic zones north campus many from meal last offense away from the toast nifty plant that's long been one of the city's industrial mainstays is the main research and development center for the massive russian petrochemicals conglomerate seaboard stretching polymers to their breaking point isn't just for the entertainment of guests like us it's an important link in the chain of proposing developing testing and launching initial production of many of the millions of tons of petrochemical products the firm puts out annually this means everything from liquefied gases and polymers to rubbers lubricants some fertilizers and may not sound sexy but these beakers are the basis of so many materials. we take for
granted. a great deal. for the products can be made. great. by generating. above and beyond international standard. a key product in the broad spectrum of petrochemical synthesised rubber rubber were used to burning every time we step on the gas of our automobiles but today they're not just turning out any old tires the twenty first century focus on going green. green tires doesn't mean you should be expecting a ship. anytime soon. eco friendly future easily understandable. to be a bit more complicated. with. the
major. been taken to test. europe. according to specific characteristics. related to their environmental impact. because of this efforts. that are more environmentally friendly need to be comprised of new materials. so they will not only provide better vehicle safety for those who are inside. for the environment. getting rid of waste. and. even. minimal resistance to the motion generated by the motor saving on atmosphere
soiling emissions as the samples undergo testing it's clear the blade cuts both ways and the trick is balancing complex tradeoffs still seaboard has completed this small stage development and needs bigger specimen to supply its international partners in order to get a better feel for how products will perform in real use it's necessary first and foremost to proceed to the so-called pilot stage we have an installation letting us model the laboratory process in order to obtain specific types of quantities which gives us something to work with in testing with thai companies and outlining the main conditions of all cooperation here we can adjust the process and the robbers properties be full moving to the full scale industrial production stage with a practically finished. compounds to international leaders like michelin and bridgestone there's an even
better chance that tomorrow's smart tires come with a touch of. where the rubber meets the road isn't the only place the efficiency of modern automobile stands to be improved each and every one of their many moving parts as a potential impact and another company reinventing car design. based out of the first building of the new special economic zone technology market is at the heart of high tech trends and soon to be at the heart of the automobile power train. along involute gearing damages most commonly a breakdown of the flank of the gear teeth. after that happens and the gear to the missing tooth it grinds and slips and holds the whole system. it's cheaper to repair them our prize for the repair is lower than for buying substitute gears in this case from germany what is most important is that the lifespan of this production unit will be extended several times over. in systems of gears power is
transmitted along a single line of action tangent to both gears based shifting pressure on the teeth in the process the key limitation is that only one point of contact pushes that one hundred percent efficiency. from the point shift gears speed and size technology market makers of all kinds of machinery by promising a solution that simultaneously. transmission company president and engineer. power demands for heavy machinery consistently high. cost of providing the necessary power because. they've named eccentric site. there are three stages in the development eccentric six global technology which essentially continues the work of. we made a transmission with power. at this first stage the device had the upside of low
manufacturing costs but it had some drawbacks like noise and intermittent discontinuities in the transmission ratio we managed to eliminate the noise but the energy conversion coefficient remained low as in the previous version that followed already have increased efficiency with almost equal energy input. allowed to transfer this force with a ratio several times greater than equivalent involute gear teeth the grandfather the concept was. produced in the late twenties by german engineers. compact and costly technology. model but with parallel shafts so that each eccentric had its own. smoothing the opinion and to the contours along the along the eccentric rotation axis. the noise in discontinuity is problematic in the first model like the traditional invalid model contact is present along an entire line instead of a single point. model was developed with slightly squared off teeth which have
increased the energy conversion coefficient a hundred percent. this year to thing is the most environmentally friendly innovation in the last one hundred years of machine building. consumption of the planet's resources reducing metal imports by roughly thirty percent lubricants oil and oil products and most importantly electric energy . those are exactly the kinds of green gainsaying costs on the minds of the makers of the. economy said to be russia's first homegrown hybrid june two thousand and eleven ribbon cutting of their future factory outside of st petersburg it's a pet project of russian billionaire holding company own next some group who hosted the fanfare for friends journalists as well as. technology market may have been three time zones away but they provided a very important cog in. our colleagues. from the
outset of this project proposed a very original solution a reduction in manufacturing with a fundamentally new principle of making. which considerably reduces. the gearing in the end product. serving other technical specific this is extremely important because weight and eventually the final cost are crucial when we're talking about the energy supply for the car. so technology. made its innovative edition of the. project but we still got quite a while to wait for a finished factory and put it in mass production in the meantime let's head back out to siberia to see what else they're sending our way. among the residents of this special economic zones months old second building is one of the best known. his colleagues have. business on being
a head of digital video curved in its most technically nuanced mishits forming back in one thousand nine hundred eighty from a university laboratory where digital television seemed light years in the future their bread and butter are video codecs constantly updated to process material according to the latest compression standards for professional or mass use it's the kind of programming stays mostly behind the scenes but ella card provides the building blocks for some of the world's i.t. giants. licensing the basic technology. companies who are. you know all this digital stuff could be used everywhere in simple player. in the video so doesn't matter where we are leading. or. we have more than companies who are. from.
moscow state universities graphics in media lab sets the standard in testing video codecs put out by the world's biggest players and they're not in the business of taking eloquence word for it we take for granted our curse quietly about when we press play on our digital. specialist spend hours quantifying in clarifying. the ele could see from tone skews interesting because they're a group that's given the world several different code ticks. and they've produced products for television and movies. it's seem that to keep their quality. the industry leaders tend to change a bit and ecologies usually among the top two money factors of commercial called x. . in two thousand and seven elec are decided to combine and. video expertise with
another group of tomsk natives interested in emerging three d. technology giving birth to tree access it may have been avatars two thousand and nine release that made three d. a hot topic which reactions has long been in the business of making the experience our user friendly future. presence the term three d.'s mainly associated with watching three d. material with the help of glasses. technology the trick was glasses will be phased down to in favor of a more natural visual experience. where is material for glasses based systems needs just two channels for the two eyes in order to create a broader zone for serious competition various systems require significantly greater numbers of channels or cameras from five to eight or even up to twenty eight as a result will have better image quality but there are a bunch of drawbacks such systems are rather complex to operates and require a tremendous amount of data storage space also it's not easy to edit to compress to
transmit all to receive such huge amounts of data applying an approach when just one more type of data or information about image depth is added to the existing picture is more efficient because it makes use of the existing equipment and channels for data transmission that we're working mainly on problems of preparing three d.v.d.'s material of broadcasting receiving and decoding. we have developed special software that not only solve these problems for use in studio conditions for enhancing previously prepared video material but also in real time broadcasts so the necessary equipment will be the same do stereoscopic cameras used to film today's glasses on blockbusters or home videos the two channels originally intended for your right and left eyes can be used to extract the additional virtual angles needed for glasses free viewing we treat axe.
now on our. president obama's announcement to withdraw thirty three thousand troops from afghanistan wasn't welcomed by either. or military officials. welcome to cross talk and peter lavelle exit strategy obama's long awaited plan to start drawing down troops levels in afghanistan is in play but is it a real drawdown or just a reduction of the so-called surge of eighteen months ago did obama capitulate to public opinion over military needs and will american and nato troops ever
completely leave afghanistan to afghans. take. cross-talk u.s. afghan strategy i'm joined by gareth porter in washington he's an investigative historian and journalist also in washington we have sam side there he is senior director of iran programs at nonviolence international and in london we crossed the alexis crow she's a research fellow in the international security program at chapman house all right folks this is cross talk and that means cross talk rules in effect that means you can jump in anytime you want gareth i'd like to go to you first in washington details of obama's pullback from afghanistan are becoming more and more clear are you satisfied that it's legitimate to or is it just all about domestic politics the united states obama is trying to satisfy public opinion without alienating the military all that much because they still open ended.