tv [untitled] May 23, 2012 9:30am-10:00am EDT
well with. science technology innovation all the latest developments from around russia we've got the future covered. five thirty pm in moscow these iraqi headlines egyptians choosing who will leave them after ousting president mubarak a year ago but voters concerned the elections being scuppered by un representative stale candidates and the hardline military rulers. break through or break down iran's nuclear program in focus and under pressure again with new negotiations between tehran and the west and iran says it wants specific timetables western nations are pushing for disclosures. e.u. leaders get together in brussels to dine and discuss salvation for the euro zone with many believing it's time austerity came off that maybe you instead the mood is
shifting towards growth and investment strategy. next on our t. the secrets of a dirty war as we visit iraq's battered city full lucia or birth defects infant more into mentality mortality and cancer are all on the rise stay with us our special report up next. west of baghdad. the rebels bastion seems to be awakening the day after an earthquake. eight years after the war its inhabitants are still living among the ruins. the hospital doctors are fighting another war. today as every day the maternity unit is on alert a deformed baby has just been born the fifth this week. this newborn is suffering
from serious malformations the doctors think he will survive but he may never be able to walk. on the other side. i mean he needs an operation at the moment he's much too weak for us to move forward with surgery so we have him on observation but we have seen many other types of deformities he's not alone some are more severe than others we have something is born without skulls without organs and sometimes with their legs totally twisted hard look at his little legs the mother of this baby is in shock this woman has had three children before this one all born without any health problems this deformed baby is the first such case in her family. but there's a dramatic rise in such phenomena in fallujah one birth and five now exhibits
congenial malformation. this doctor sees only one possible solution and it is radical i am myself. and i'm the richer. and more suited to a. baby was that. how did it come to this all these babies were born after two thousand and four when food endured one of the most violent battles ever witnessed on iraqi soil bombs and shells rained down on the city for several weeks fifteen thousand coalition soldiers were marshalled to crush volusia facing them were two thousand iraqi resistance fighters armed with kalashnikovs and rocket launchers the u.s. air force dropped hundreds of tons of bombs. but. these pictures show fireballs falling on the city this is white phosphorus a chemical incendiary weapon today this bombing is said to have caused the malformations and the children of the lucia.
back dead winter two thousand and eleven how can you tell whether city is no longer at war perhaps by observing the passers by crisscrossing the streets in iraq peace is gradually settling but the stench of war is still noticeable. the iraqi capital alternates between days of violence and days of peace. the u.s. army is committed to point out of the country by december the police and the iraqi army will step into a choose. these traffic jams are an indicator of peace in iraq the city seems revived with businesses springing up once again and residents doing their shopping
in the city center. a city center that is returning to its pre-war opulence. but is the war really over though the situation in baghdad has improved other cities have been tossed into the garbage saluja for instance my parents' hometown after the war the city was totally cut off only the inhabitants had the right to come and go freely. so i like them but i have family and friends there and i speak iraqi arabic i make contact with a friend in flu shot. chemistry quite close to the statue i'll come pick you up and we'll go wherever you want on the side. this is eunice he's thirty two years old a former football player for fallujah now unemployed. that i first met him while doing a news report four years ago it was he who called my attention to these seriously
deformed babies he came to baghdad to fetch me because it's not possible for me to get a flu shot without his help. this road is closely monitored in traveling the fifty kilometers that separate baghdad from fallujah we go through more than twenty checkpoints this city is located in the middle of the sunni triangle also called the triangle of death by the americans some fifteen hundred u.s. soldiers have been killed in this region one third of the american casualties in iraq. the knowledge it flew joe was the first city to fight back against american occupation. they found fame by throwing them out of town and afflicting great loss of life so much so that the people wondered how a small city like fallujah could resist against the world's most powerful army yes i live. in march two thousand and four for mercenaries under contract to the
us army were killed in their vehicle on the outskirts of town their mutilated bodies were dragged through the streets then hung under this bridge as trophies. it was one of the very first acts of violence against the united states these pictures were soon seen all over the world. it was the start of an escalation that culminated in the battle of fallujah in november two thousand and four the death toll listed one hundred thirty four g. eyes and thirty five hundred iraqis saluja became a symbol of the revolt. accordingly the army imposed very strict checks in the city the fingerprints and retina scans of every last inhabitant were recorded in u.s. army files never has any town undergone such treatment. residents were even issued with biometric id cards. where they buy this badge and i was made
to answer a leaflet has. seven years later the badges are no longer needed the city is now under the control of the iraqi army but flew to remains the hardest place in the country to get into. i think it's fair that you need a guarantor to enter and he must be from fallujah i've been asked to be responsible for you for safety reasons so you can't just walk into fallujah no no not like that . as we approach the city the tension mounts in the car not stop filming put the camera down. here we are at the entrance to fallujah one hundred meters from a border post within a country. the iraqi army is checking each car that passes. to take in a camera you need special permission and an armed escort. but to give us freedom of
movement we'd rather enter illegally. as there are several cars in front of us and we're in the third one. where waiting come and fetch us. thanks to abu yunus one of the soldiers lets us through for his own safety we don't film him. after an hour's wait we finally pass through the checkpoint. welcome to fallujah three hundred thousand inhabitants considered the most dangerous city in iraq. nothing here has really changed since the battle life goes on the streets are teeming but the traces of war are still here and the iraqi soldiers carry on patrolling. in this prison town it's hard to keep a low profile if you're carrying a camera so to keep us safe as we move around with influenza yunus follows close
behind he'll be our guardian angel. this neighborhood is one of the hardest hit by the bombing half the buildings are in ruins not one wall has been spared by bullets. this former iraqi soldier was in the city during the american assault he lives just opposite this building totally destroyed. during the bombing he noticed suspicious explosions. just a little bit just after the bombing began and the landscape changed going to say even the appearance of the sky chips the sky became a kind of yellow you know it lasted for several days even the explosions were abnormal. now i'm a fighter i was an officer in the iraqi army under the old regime i thought for seven years in the war against iraq the bombs of missiles i've seen a lot of this is that i know what i'm talking about. but with these american bombs
it was different because they exploded in that. they produced something abnormal something that. i don't think i've ever seen before and. the strange bomb that this resident refers to contain white phosphorus a chemical incendiary weapon often compared to the napalm used in vietnam. according to the geneva convention. civilians and civilian objects may not be attacked in any circumstances by incendiary bombs. basically the use of white phosphorus is banned in any populated zones the american army claims to have used it only to illuminate combat zones. yet influenza thousands of inhabitants were still in the city during the bombing. eunice arranges to meet me at the martyrs cemetery
a former football stadium three thousand five hundred bodies are buried here resistance fighters and civilians alike. this is where eunice played football today he comes to meditate at the graves of former teammates now become martyrs. to not be what they lie about some of the footballers who are used to play in this stadium buried here john admitted that even the coach we called in a colorful cowboy and even he was killed by the americans and although i think thirteen players from the flu team are buried in their own football ground. this man is the caretaker of the cemetery one day in november two thousand and four while bearing the victims of the fighting he made a strange discovery that. i didn't know the americans brought me sadness at first i thought it was humanitarian aid. but when i opened them just like i
found it he began to put out bits of bones and clothes intact. there translator told me these corpses were american and that's why they've given them back when they come to join. the caretaker recovered close to five hundred unidentified bodies he photographed each one before burying them in the cemetery. you know that so and so we asked the doctors and they told us that if there were only bones in the clothing is intact then that's because of white phosphorus and what happened to this man. as well it looks like it's due to a chemical weapon and god knows what it is but that's phosphorous to. there then the caretaker is in no doubt these men were killed by white phosphorus did the u.s. army use these weapons against the population what are these photos really hiding to find an answer i must go to the united states.
far from iraq and it's ruined buildings boston. i made contact with ross computer a twenty seven year old former marine who fought it flew you know he looks like a teenager roscoe putin is already a war veteran traumatized by his experience he decided to testify oh. this is me this is in fallujah and i'm really embarrassed to say that i'm kind of posing for this picture. you know i had the bandana on and i wanted to look tough and you know this is the mentality that we had while we are in there. we were tough war fighters and. you know these are the type of pictures i want to go home and tell my friends about. in fallujah ross was a radio operator it was his job to relay information to the other soldiers he was
there for on the front line before the ground seizure actually began they told us this was going to be the biggest battle since way city vietnam they were bombing the city really really heavily at this point and they put us on this hill outside the city kind of overlooking it the night before before the ground siege began and at this point i remember very clearly seeing the white phosphorus and i remember very clearly like having this weird feeling about it like this can't possibly be legal i remember seeing it lakes way down in the wind like this i asked a lieutenant close to me about it. i said hey is this is this legal and he said yes it's legal because we're using it as a smoke screen we're not using it offensively and there are thousands of civilians who couldn't leave the city wherever we used to it was a strong possibility that this was going to land on civilians so white phosphorus was indeed discharged above the population and i feel really guilty about it.
now i'm fully aware of how many people are hurt and how many people we killed so it's not easy to live with ross computer he decided to quit the army after the battle of fallujah he set up an association to make american public opinion aware of his experience as a soldier in iraq. i remember that in my unit there was very little curiosity about who these insurgents who moved where everyone just seemed content with the rumors that we had heard about them being terrorists and bathurst diehards and into americans of all different sorts though ross computer denounces the use of white phosphorus others in the military or go out of it. in march two thousand and five an american army major made surprising revelations in this army review he claims that the use of white phosphorus proved highly effective in fallujah. he adds that he used it willingly against the insurgents the major refers to such deployment as
shake and bake missions according to this officer white phosphorus was used in iraq to kill. given this damning evidence the international press seized upon the story. they would have to wait until november sixteenth two thousand and five for the american administration to officially admit to the media that the city was bombed with white phosphorous. back to fallujah seven years after the bombing the population is convinced that white phosphorus is still killing. such is the case with. he lives in the jolan neighborhood one of the hardest hit by the bombing. in two thousand and five pound of the first charity for war victims. it is aimed to gather as much information as possible beginning with these files on sick children. this child for example has developed
a brain tumor just after the bombing back in two thousand and four. and it's the same in this case there's a a serious malformation problem from birth. so we record the information and we establish a medical file and then we send it off to the doctors and charities and said you know all we were really want to try and do is find a solution and you know help these poor families. and something only it's a modest office doesn't have extensive resources not even a computer on which to record all this information he seems overtaken by events you know we know absolutely nothing about any of these diseases before when the americans came here they were supposed to bring us what they wanted in stead of set us back to the stone age son are you. agreed to supply us with the files of sick
children he says that most cases of rare illnesses concern children under ten like . he was born after the two thousand and four attacks with a serious malformation he is the first case of this type in his family. so you know many of us about what i knew also and he was operated on when when he was forty seven days old which on the house we lived in was bombed in shock when we returned i cleaned the place entirely and maybe it was because of that i don't know your house was bombed during the battle yes it was hit by a missile and half the house was destroyed i can't talk about. the living room my bedroom all of it was destroyed the furniture to all we had left was and was what we're wearing was this wardrobe we rebuilt everything ourselves one year later my
and my son was born with a malformation and i was told it was linked to the bombing how long did you stay in that house two years away we left the house a year after i gave birth. why are children who were not alive during the war and who were therefore not exposed directly to white phosphorus victims of malformations what do the iraqi authorities say is it a public health problem in fallujah only the ministry of the environment was willing to talk to us. less than the truth is we haven't been able to do any environmental service i mean it was impossible to carry out any tests at all. if in a lot of the bombing started in two thousand and four then once again in two thousand and five and two thousand and six all the way up until two thousand and ten it was only in two thousand and ten that the americans left the city. and at
that time if a citizen bent down to pick something up for example may look like a potential bomber in an american sniper might even shooting. that happened several times i can tell you. all this to say it was nigh on impossible for us to go to any of these loans with our equipment and carry out our tests it was far too dangerous in fallujah nobody has the means to investigate the causes of these illnesses not even the iraqi ministry of the environment. this upsurge in deformed children isn't among the authorities priorities. the former rebel stronghold has been sidelined by its own government a code of silence reigns in volusia. since the end of the war just one study has shed some light on this it was carried out in fallujah in two thousand and nine and was published in
a major medical review. this document contains warring results about the rise in the number of deformed babies they reveal an explosion in such cases since two thousand and five one year after the battle of two thousand and four. aberystwyth on the west coast of wales the author of this paper is professor chris busby a british scientist specializing in radioactivity. he secretary of the european committee on radiation risks to chris busby is a regular mainstream media guest in his black beret he has become an easily recognizable figure on the b.b.c. for al-jazeera he was recently consulted on the consequences of the nuclear crisis at fukushima. unlike the iraqi authorities he has investigated in fallujah. but the way around that is to just knock on the door
and say scuse me unmasking have you how many people have got cancer here in the last five years and who lives in a very simple because if you know who lives and how old they are you can you can then predict how many cancers they should have on the basis of the national average and rates and so on and just compare them with the numbers that they report and the one divided by the other is a relative risk so we did you frank who. told you no way i've got too many people after my guts i'm not going to construct myself some of the probability so. my hope in others you know what all i did was i told them what to do i said look i'll tell you what to do i'll create a questionnaire. based on the ones i've done and even for an iraqi team recruited by chris busby's the task was complicated some places they went to they got beaten up because they saw they were from the secret service of the state or something so then we had to start sending people around with some. local person that everybody
knew council or something and after that it was ok and we just finished it when the iraqi government found out about it and then they put out something on the television saying to the terrorists and anybody who answers the questions was good . but it's too late we've done it by using world laws on top of the questionnaire chris busby asked for samples of soil and water samples of residents here were also taken the test results are astonishing. denise has all those on the soil samples and all we measured sixty two different elements so we have to struggle to invent barium and near demi among them cobalt and. cesium mentality in the you name it we looked at it and what we found was that the only element that could explain that level of congenital malformation is and cancer was you're right. he believes it's not the white phosphorus that is harming the inhabitants of flu but your ania. so for instance in fallujah the rates
of. the rates of leukemia for example thirty eight times that they expect. breast cancers more than ten times chose cancers fourteen times i would forget the exact details but the shoes numbers there's no nothing that you have ever found in any epidemiological study anywhere ever this is like the highest rate of genetic damage in any population ever study is worse and you know. why is fallujah compared to here oshima how did uranium come to be in this city officially known nuclear weapons were used in fallujah.