tv [untitled] June 8, 2012 7:32pm-8:02pm EDT
china the u.k. all have their share responsibility. disarmament agreements are not being honored. what is happening now it is that their role is in time countries are able to write a draft shod over international law because there isn't sufficient body of protest from good in that country or doing them to these basic principles. thanks tony she was pressed into the midst of the nuclear test. when we accompanied them to ground zero with guns pointed ready to fire who were we going to fire at i wonder the issue clearly crabs. you up with anyway there was a russian or american invasion nigel no end of the cold war and the going away of the soviet union many people thought that nuclear weapons disappeared so a lot of the people who were activist under saddam and issues moved their activism to the environment or fighting globalization or other issues and no one today is
fighting in the streets for disarmament and nonproliferation. the danger is growing will the anti-nuclear movement wake up. america was not the only western power to consider the pacific islands far enough from home to use for practicing nuclear war. in one thousand nine hundred sixty six french polynesia at all the more meaning the great secret became france's marshall islands for thirty years this earthly paradise under nearly two hundred nuclear explosions but more also became ground zero of the anti-nuclear movement. cannot overcome the fact that our country collaborated in the development of the
atomic bomb. general de gaulle sad but french polynesia is proud to be part of what france will become meek that is to say imagine you cleopatra. but to me that is disgusting. and that moment was imposed on us. don't you not in fact she makes us guilty to begin yeah for we are victims but we're also responsible for what's happening to us and for what might happen if france were to use its nuclear weapons. and i find that on forgivable. behind this image of paradise lies the secret that surrounds the testing and rips apart the people of french polynesia here the economy is dependent on friends and
the subject of nuclear testing remains taboo but this doesn't stop maria. bristow mood right now. that i'm thinking of my children's future. not so much to protect the. tiny territory a tiny country will do for but we have a high percentage of people suffering from thyroid long and bladder cancer. and it's frightening to know all that. with the help of her husband the teacher and mother of two uses the internet to broadcast an image of her country one that is rather different from those in the travel agency brochures. decided to speak out about the nuclear issue because it's part of our contemporary history and it has disrupted our society since the sixty's. now we suffer from the ills of modern society
yes we tell our son about our country's history but then when he asks us to but he's done facts we were just talking about nuclear testing with a lottery yes he was wondering why they did the tests here and not in france or we explained that we are in the middle of a big ocean. and there are only two hundred thousand inhabitants. people are likely to be affected. yes. my father is a vice president of the independence party. and he has been involved in many anti-nuclear demonstrations. just what am i going to say to them when they ask what did you do to get my country into the situation it's on that's what i worry about.
we were of the atom bomb generation. paddle your boat down it's on have a good time don't worry about anything else will look after your country. france is keeping its nuclear arsenal because it needs the nuclear deterrent to discourage various threats to its vital interests. it is the doctrine that was established in the sixty's and it is still valid today. that their leaders of the church and i've been one since one thousand nine hundred sixty three we have never agreed with nuclear testing. but we cannot agree to weapons of mass destruction this it's not possible they are surviving it's not just since the french tests we were against the american nuclear tests in the marshall islands.
long before france in one thousand nine hundred six the united states and then great britain chose the pacific to conduct their testing but their tomic mushroom clouds were poisonous radioactive debris fell on to the surface of the earth and threaten the help of people all over the planet in one nine hundred fifty eight campaign for nuclear disarmament organized the first worldwide grassroots opposition in one thousand nine hundred sixty three under the pressure of the peace movements the two western powers and the u.s.s.r. signed an agreement banning atmosphere testing france was unconcerned and continue to detonate bombs suspended from big buildings. by nine hundred seventy four forty six bombs pierced the atmosphere a french polynesia the word environment was still alien to the french however this was not the case for greenpeace but the campaign against the french was conceived
during the first campaign against the united. states because the united states was testing nuclear weapons but was testing them underground and france was still testing weapons in the atmosphere. in one nine hundred seventy one. decides to stop all nuclear testing in the pacific soon greenpeace departs for more they find an ally. from the french testing has been detected on its soil. and. france is forced to renounce atmosphere testing but there is still another option the era of french underground testing. it will last more than twenty years. you don't actually need to do any tests once you've configured it recently well from a physicist point of view there is no chance that it explodes the problem is therefore to figure out exactly what conditions it's going to explode and with how much part which is a ridiculous justification since the purpose of the bomb is to kill people women
and children so to achieve that goal you don't need to be a perfectionist. because i've known him since i was little but i never knew. if i told my superiors i want to be protected why are they protected by a. cocky police uniform shorts i can't be all that. and the military personnel from head to toe. in the same. we are tougher. so we can take a dose of radiation i don't know maybe it's from eating. diplo what i deplore is when some polynesians play the card about the french injecting billions here. in the force they say take advantage of it and don't go
around talking nonsense. and you've got to end your association tatto it's really a very young association two thousand and one wasn't it uncle. lost head to the president of the association earl and old ham on the radio he was appealing to young people is energy in them to take a greater interest in the nuclear problem then. so that's how we joined the socio. nucular tests here devastated polynesian society not just in terms of health the environment and other things. but the structures of the society were destroyed. what doesn't name to stop the tests no jobs no money no economy will all starve that was the government's message.
and see if you were against the obama and your father or uncle worked at the site and they didn't want to protest against the bomb. that's a real rift in the family even between father and son but it's nice i became aware of when i was about twenty four. my father went sort of crazy. he said take your wife and daughter and get out i don't want to see you anymore. and i was a teenagers and all and i said to myself who are the real crazy ones that these are all the ones who are against nuclear testing all the ones who supported. it because my classmates for example were saying oh yeah nuclear testing so it's a bone that explodes that's it.
only when you hear about an activist getting arrested by the police i'm thrown in jail and don't get to meet them or i think that in her mind she wondered why is it always my father. if you have a lot of me don't it's true liz when she was in jail it shocked me because i felt that it was too much of a sacrifice to celebrate i wonder if it was really worth it for him to make the sacrifice when others would not yes i was a little angry about that. do you know when you're on various trips to new zealand with my parents i had the opportunity to meet some members of greenpeace to think you know you couldn't if i think they will bring to cross the ocean to try and stop nuclear tests. but it would have been so much better if our people had risen up together in protest all
messages to move. greenpeace irritates the french military july tenth one thousand nine hundred five while the activists prepared to sail again tomorrow of france orders the sinking of their ship the rainbow warrior anchored in new zealand and harbor. the bombing provokes an uproar from the international community and tremendous publicity for greenpeace. ten years later in . nineteen the french president jacques chirac orders a new series of nuclear test this to he. actually our first demonstration was in one thousand nine hundred four and in one thousand nine hundred five both in the airport. and we saw the riot police shooting at protesters cities so it was. just so it
was weird it was like watching a big movie screen. it if you. can see what was very upsetting it was a feeling of hate. hate. but the polynesian people rose up together and said you know mr chirac please stop. you just brushed it away and said something my decision is final. it one person one person decided the entire future of my children. my grandchildren and my great grandchildren. it's in c. and. january nine hundred ninety six france proceeds with this last nuclear test in polynesia what turns out to be the starting point for a long term research. in the last tests justified an enormous investment to
build new equipment new missiles new bombs the laser megajoules and you aircraft so everything is being updated between now twenty and twenty. only interesting thing is the results from countries like the united states. some of their worst during their shins in developing new nuclear weapons that it excites the interest in countries like korea and around who want to join the nuclear club. two thousand and six is a landmark year the united states the united kingdom france russia and china all we invest in their nuclear arsenals the message is clear it is necessary to their security on the other hand the same countries keep telling non-nuclear nations that acquiring nuclear weapons is illegitimate leaders would be fooling themselves if
they think that this type of system can continue we are still living in the system that emanates from the end of the second world war five countries in the security council have special powers and it's even more problematic that these five countries are also the five countries with nuclear weapons so in a sense it gives the impression that having nuclear weapons gives them a special status i was going to have one law one standard are going to have to class world increasingly countries particularly developing world are saying that they're not going to live in a two class world. force where french we are in our passports the french but second class citizens yes second right do you remember what you said the other day. if we had been telling me sheehan would never have had nuclear tests . that's what i called back that. well i think that when we have our
independence. the whole truth about the tests and their consequences will come out. quality people are taken for you. and that has to stop lou. we are not ignorant. today we want the truth and we're going to get it france always maintained that their bombs were clean that they were exploding clean atomic bombs but in two thousand and six they conceded to some follow up throughout french polynesia. i see the camp recording test and the centauri test which were carried out the year i was boring. he. and i know that i've had a problem for two years now. and i wonder if it's connected to the nuclear tests. the interest. this shows that one hundred
and ninety six radioactive follow it's were detected in french polynesia. but we don't know the dose. and they're not telling us but they know. in france it takes time for things to be made public particularly with respect to nuclear testing it's top secret it's a defense secret so there's no information at all. exists in french polynesia either as the collective anxiety brought about by cycles sociological poisoning or in terms of the code of silence that has prevailed over the radioactive fallout. here if there is a psychosis it's because the government created it we want to know the radiation dose of those faults they tell us there were one hundred ninety six of them with no health consequences the truth has to be told after years and years of this
atmosphere of secrecy let's call it by its rightful name. lee popular people who live there are worried and rightly so because i think they deserve the truth they need people to campaigning for transparency doesn't necessarily make you a doomsayer. in general we have a higher rate of cancer as you compared to some regions it's much higher seems that if we have a higher incidence of leukemia than elsewhere it's probably due to the bomb but that means to be proved we have to hurry and tick. samples from people who are still alive viva the easiest way to find the people who worked on moore is to tour the halls outside the oncology department in the hospital of people.
he worked in. a repair facility for navy ships returning from the test sites. and now i have lung cancer he has cancer in his left lung. you know he worked for a very short time only six months and the second time they brought him home because he was having trouble breathing. you know they had three brothers who worked in all three died of this yes. yes yes they died. so this is his wife she has it's mine. and it's starting to get bigger look and later it will be here. but i'm not saying it's because of moral or no i can't we don't have scientific proof but we have lots and lots of questions about it that's all i don't want to say that we should be criticizing. it. also in
addition to the serious nature of their illness if you say anything they insult you they tell you all you want is to benefit from french money. i'd prefer my husband to mine and his illness has gotten worse and i'm going to lose him so it hurts i don't care about money even if yes that's the way. the four years they have been checking me. they couldn't figure out that i had a kidney tumor. i'm waiting for someone to say clearly your illness was caused by eating too much pork too much of this or that. because of the nuclear testing. what have we done it has to stop.
give you a load of nonsense and then just say. don't worry you can eat fish grow food and there's no problem. well yes there is a small problem but it's not serious it's clean. most of that remains under grow. when it gets into the water and when it gets in. it could be a problem. what is the legacy of one hundred fifty to undergo nuclear tests. seven hundred kilos of plutonium underneath . what does that mean. one
tenth of a millionth of a gram of plutonium can cause cancer. so it's radioactive half life is twenty four thousand four hundred years. that means it will take more than two hundred forty thousand years before it can be considered harmless. this assumption that plutonium will not go anywhere which is held by testing authorities i think in more than one country turns out to be not quite right. recent research done by the u.s. government. indicates that. has migrated quite far already with. one additional problem that had been discovered in the last fifty years. to be a very complicated substance chemical. very difficult to characterize.
before. we have to worry about. you know we have seven hundred kilos down there. nobody knows if it's stabilised. is beginning to cave in that's the legacy we're left with and they want us to close the book. no no never. to seven hundred kilos of plutonium buried in l. soil. and i ask myself is because it's worth having children will see poor when they're faced with a tragedy. and it could indeed happen. to them.
is to feel it goes from then all it would take would be a tsunami or light up. when i heard him talking about the legacy. i saw my daughter you. can hug and kiss and we. you know and i thought if i don't do anything the one day she'll blame me that's what motivates me to fight the nuclear threat through none struggle for my country's independence.
u.n. monitors investigating reports of a massacre in your home on syria find evidence of human remains and burnt homes this is pressure builds on both sides in the conflict to lay down their arms with antiviolence rallies across the country and rise in condemnation from a broad. brush approach is the cheshire czech republic for one it is for this game is the euro two thousand and twelve football championship kicks off but there's also been controversy as host nations ukraine and poland face accusations of human rights abuses and racism. the euro zone on a knife edge experts predict spain could ask for a bailout this weekend the move expected to aid the country's banks and follows a credit rating. up next the spotlight is on cantor a nuclear nonproliferation activist and president of the luxembourg forum on preventing nuclear catastrophe stay with us.
in june this year the german capital was ousting the anniversary conference of the luxembourg forum on preventing nuclear catastrophe leading expert. leaders and that. had gathered here to. the actual threat to nuclear nonproliferation trying to name the regions of the countries where such may become they also discuss such issues as the possibility.