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tv   Documentary  RT  July 27, 2013 6:29am-7:01am EDT

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liquidity meaning it's harder to find buyers for these increasingly distressed assets so it looks like our favorite casandra meredith whitney was just a couple of years too early. and here's what's new our prime interest. under current basel three proposals within the next five years banks will have to hold equity equal to three percent of assets this means that for every one dollar of capital a bank can basically loan or gamble on derivatives thirty three times that amount earlier i spoke with robin barry a former investment banker with credit suisse and
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a corporate finance executive and i asked her about leverage during the financial crisis and the expansion of the derivatives market. all of the banks got in trouble in financial crisis because of the bets they place in the mortgage market and the securitization that happened from that we saw just last year j.p. morgan have a trading loss that they first. started as a loss of you know some they thought that their loss was two billion then it became six billion. and that's just one example of something that can't be valued if they don't know their total risk which is hard for for even the banks to know at any given time and we have capital management stevie cohen's from for him is facing charges allegations of insider trading wire fraud hedge funds or leverage to the hold to i think they had thirteen billion dollars under management but they actually had forty four billion dollars and what you're saying if i understand it is that when we have a systemic panic it's that higher number it's like the total leverage amount that
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really matters leverage is the key and i think we're going to talk about that yeah definitely leverage is you know for the lay person leverage is about borrowing someone else's money to make an investment ok and in general we are familiar with that from the experience for props of buying a house you take the money from the bank you go to a real estate or your house and you hope that the price increases and if it does and you pocket the difference you get and if it does and you plan is great if it works yeah that's the power of leverage but it's not just that the banks are taking money from the fed or from other borrowed sources and investing in an asset and hoping that it increases they're using that borrowed money to make bets they're doing leverage vegas style so they have the ability to take that money and place these bets interest rate swaps derivatives of all kinds futures options trading securitization it can multiply very quickly and we actually have a chart of leverage that i'd like to pull up right now and this kind of illustrates
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exactly what you're talking about. here we what is it federal reserve is right at the top sixty two to one and what does that mean. amazing wit but they are in the business of loaning money they are in the business of debt and so when you look at the balance sheet there is somewhere around three point four trillion in liabilities and only about fifty five billion in. capital right most of the banks are around thirty to one prior to the two thousand and eight crisis they've come down since they've increased some of the reserves some of the regulatory agencies are pushing them to continue to increase their reserves which seems crazy . i think it doesn't matter because in the in the ed at the end of the day the leverage ratio is still extremely high road and whether it's twenty to one or thirty to one they're still going to be able to do many of the activities that got them into trouble in the first place and let's take a look at there was a mcdonald's at the very end their leverage ratio is zero point seven five what is right i mean for corporate america that we do when you look at the difference between the banking industry and the corporate america you see
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a complete two totally different pictures in corporate america and for the fortune five hundred that i worked for we were responsible debt so our debt to equity ratio was reasonable and you can see there from the chart that mcdonald's has way less debt than they have equity so you're saying the makers don't pose systemic risk i guess you could say that ok so let's talk about the federal reserve and their role in all of this oh how do they fit into this grand scheme they're doing quantitative easing but how do they enabled the derivatives industry and all these other players to get so big yeah i mean the fed is able to pump money into the system in a number of ways it can make loans to banks through the discount window it can buy treasuries. they can do a lot of programs and like q.e. has been going on for a couple of years now by keeping interest rates near zero and especially the inner banker rate which has been near zero for quite
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a while i think it's like point two five. could you explain how these low interest rates are reflected. the ability of these banks and other people to make money sure i mean with the banks having that competitive advantage they literally are able to borrow that money way less than anyone else can and they can put it to work in the derivatives market or other investments they can place bets and hope to multiply their profit which you know is. inflated to the degree that it doesn't make sense i mean compared to how rest of corporate america has to operate right what about the big banks versus the smaller banks like the community banks the savings well you know the roofs and whatnot sure smaller banks are at a disadvantage the large banks obviously because there is an implicit and explicit guarantee by the fed i mean they can say in the media and they will talk about not wanting to save the banks and not wanting to step in again that they would do yeah but they have to get their hands are tied the system is geared towards that that
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size which we looked at in the in the beginning of talk when we're talking about the entire size of the u.s. economy resting on these banks they can't afford to let it to let it be at risk so they would they would step in if they had to go in let's talk about their mandates they actually have three mandates most people only talk about two of them you know you have maximum employment you have price stability which actually means inflation but also moderate long term interest rates how does that fit in right moderate interest rates i don't think you can call moderate interest rates and zero interest rates and the interbank rates that are as low as they have been are not historically. the norm we've got to get our way back to what is a moderate interest rate and which can benefit the savings side of the equation not just the debt side. that was my interview with former investment banker with credit suisse and corporate executive robin berry now following up on our discussion about
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interest rates let's look at in the story example of interest rate among two central banks in the lead up. to the great depression for more on this we turn to prime interest producer justin underhill justin can you walk as exactly through what happened during the early ninety's hundreds well we have a graph here of the english economy from one thousand nine hundred through one nine hundred thirty the green line is the value of pounds in terms of gold the lower the line the less valuable the pound the less gold you would receive for each pound the yellow line is the price index ranging from zero to thirty well england was on the gold standard the price level was fairly constant so it's going up until nine hundred fourteen so during world war one thousand nine hundred fourteen to one thousand eight hundred england effectively doubled its money supply causing the price index to increase substantially as we see it right here during this time they also suspended the gold standard as they were too many pounds in circulation to be
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redeemed for gold so even though we show that the price level of gold is fairly constant rate here you couldn't redeem your currency for gold at that time after the war the english central bank wanted to return to the gold standard and remember the number of pounds circulating in the economy had doubled but the amount of gold hadn't changed the only way to return to a gold standard prewar levels would be to contract the money supply and this was done by raising interest rates increasing savings but when interest rates shot up to seven percent in the early one nine hundred twenty s. unemployment also rose with high unemployment rates the only way england could attract gold into the country and expand the money supply would be to have a trade imbalance where they were exploiting more than they were importing but because the price index as we see right here in the one nine hundred twenty s. didn't drop substantially not supreme where levels english goods were still fairly expensive compared to american goods gold flowed out of england and went to the us
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setting the stage for me to your problem. in the one nine hundred twenty s. so let's break this down just again what were some of the issues that were facing that they were facing although there is a massive amount of gold that had gone to the us from europe so it wasn't just england that was facing these problems and so in august of one nine hundred twenty seven three officials from three different central banks so it would be the bank of england and france germany added to the u.s. and they urged us to lower the fed to lower its interest rates and this was very good that they did that this was for that purpose the idea that the fed lowered interest rates in the u.s. the u.s. would be a less favorable place to invest the fed lowered rates in one thousand twenty seven from four to three point five percent and many economists believe that this actually fueled a lot of the speculation right before we saw the great depression you had one of the one of the economies view at that time well there's actually an economist at
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the federal reserve who said it quote this was in one thousand thirty four the greatest and boldest operation ever undertaken by the federal reserve system and it resulted in one of the most costly errors committed by its or any other banking system in the last seventy five years and many economists do believe that this the fed lowered these interest rates that actually encouraged the speculative finance that we saw leading up to the great depression or are we just about twenty seconds but what about returning to a gold standard today now would that be possible today i don't know some people like jim rickards say that it might be but that would be for international settlements not necessarily redeeming all your currency and gold exactly thank you justin you've been wonderful coming up periods been blowing bubbles on your campaign for ill children to the fine print of this economic speech is stay tuned to find out what that's about and i will do all our very own tom hartman of the big picture over the dysfunctional banking system now we go from the only one to right
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through the great depression into the bottom of presidential pick. wealthy british style. time to. market why not come to. find out what's really happening to the global economy with mikes concert for a no holds barred look at the global financial headlines tune in to cons a report on our. more news today violence is once again flared up. saying these are the images the
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with your mobile device you can watch your t.v. anytime anywhere. she good leverage or curb it was to build for the most sophisticated robot which on fortunately doesn't give a darn about anything mission to teach creation and why you should care about humans. this is why you should watch only on the r g dog. so this week kicked off president obama's campaign to fix our economy and he's on the trail giving stump speeches to motivate us to invest in our future days before
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the launch the white house created a fan fair of anticipation the assistant to the president dan pfeiffer e-mailed the entire u.s. press saying you're going to want to watch this speech in just hours before obama's appearance at knox college white house press secretary jay carney got a little tip on morning joe building the wonderment of what obama's speech would be about but afterwards the media didn't find it all about exciting the new yorker said boring is not bad but i would concur with that then speaker boehner said obama is wearing out his arguments. creature enough to be all sizzle and no steak that's assuming that there is an essential left after you've repeated this thing so many times on that note let's dig into the fine print of obama nomics to see what it was all about first he points out that we're on a dangerous to directory of wealth as a patient in the wealth gap between the middle and upper class can tenure to widen
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since two thousand and nine the average c.e.o. pay raise has increased forty percent all while the average american earns less today than they did in one thousand nine hundred ninety he calls this a winner take all economy. all of it not just a result. inequality of opportunity. this growing inequality it's not just morally wrong it's bad economics. because when middle class families have less to spend guess what. business is that fewer consumers. when wealth concentrates at the very top it can inflate unstable bubbles of the drug. so according to obama bubbles are the riches fault so while romney and warren buffett are distracting the president with their bubble guns the federal reserve had their hands compressing interest rates to a store close fueling tons of money into the financial sector this coupled with
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government policies that supported the housing initiatives some of which obama voted for when he was in congress helped inflate the housing bubble you can't have a bubble without middle class participation the one percent were buying the securities that made up of the ninety nine percent it wasn't the richest fault it was the system and please wealth concentration is simply a side effect of a bubble not the cause and you can't fix the problem if you don't know the cause but don't worry because the white house has a better bargain for the middle class that's the name of his plan and he went so far as to say that whatever executive authority i have to help the middle class all use it so if congress won't pass the bargain held by the hill probably by executive action to get its way but that's one of the perks of being the president the details of his better bargain have not been spelled out but the website says it will include housing because owning a home has always been at the heart of the american dream maybe that's true what
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americans don't want to relive the nightmare of the housing collapse and the economic plan also includes health care obama's theory is that the new health care legislation is also going to stimulate the economy because the middle class families deserve the security of knowing they have access to affordable health care when they get sick. however as overgrow forbes points out in the vast majority of states the affordable care act has the net effect of raising premiums a lot which has given rise to the term rate shock but the paradox is that the affordable care act is so overreaching it stretches into the department of education and the economic plan also includes education which obama calls the single most important investment we can make in our middle class what he fails to mention is one of the relatively unknown provisions of obamacare took over the private student loan industry and to date the government has made almost nine million dollars from student loan interest payments and all of that money is going
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to find obamacare as seems as though the better bargain leaves us better off to bargain with our hope and change than our dollars and cents that's was in the fine print of obama nomics up next as the daily deal. i am joined today with tom hartman of the upon misleading named the big picture with tom hartman thank you so much for joining me here let's listen to our first story elizabeth warren's proposal to reinstate a form just a form of glass steagall which was the separation of commercial banking from investment banking it's going quite a bit of attention this got us thinking about depression era reforms what are your thoughts on this whole part of the one nine hundred twenty s.
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generally investment banks and commercial banks were different not by law but just generally didn't work in the one nine hundred twenty one election warren harding arguably one of those libertarian presidents american history was was elected on the platform of less business and less government business more business and government and started deregulating the banks drop the top tax rate so the five down to twenty five percent. at sutter etc and banks started opening at the rate of two to three a day through the twenty's most of them were under funded and most of the more enthusiastic to help people with the two great you ways to get rich which was speculating in real estate and speculative stock market stock market went from sixty three sixty just eight years and then of course that whole little fantasy world of deregulated banks mean so wonderful crash glass steagall that we were permanently high plateau didn't work out did it it took it until one hundred fifty five before the stock market got back up that was in twenty nine and you mention hard even though there was
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a mini depression during that area and some would say the austrian camp say that because he actually did nothing that solve the problem and there's another argument that the fed was actually printing too much money throughout the one nine hundred twenty s. in order to serve the interests of great britain and that's what fueled part of the speculative boom that there was too much money kind of like would have fueled the housing boom that we saw in two thousand and five as if i could be possible one zero harding was at hearing of the gold standard i mean one of the problems that we had with the great depression was that the united states would only take payment in gold from other countries and we had a current account surplus and so it was depressing trade and continue to press trade right up until until thirty three because we would only take payment gold and we had we had basically cornered the world's supply of gold the gold standard was slowing things down well let's talk about the depression itself in one nine hundred twenty nine nine hundred thirty we had herbert hoover come in and there was a lot of argument about he did absolutely nothing to prevent the great depression
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from actually happening but he instituted a number of things like smoot hawley and he actually negotiated with with a number of large corporations to freeze wages and there is an argument that could be made that the freezing of wages while actual prices decline consumer prices decline was one of the prof. summit causes of the of the great depression yeah i think it's nonsense the you know there was a there was a small effort around the first of all smoot hawley was a three percent three or four percent increase in our tariffs from thirty one to thirty four or something like that it was relatively meaningless it changed our balance of trade and our total trade by less than a percent i mean was it was irrelevant everybody likes to point to it if it had very little to do with anything and in fact it was decades later that it got basically recalibrated number two with regard to his his trying to negotiate with businesses it was largely unsuccessful anyway it was in fact up by the force of law so it was about to blow over the force of law but wages were sticky at those times
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oh yeah well had a major problem in one nine hundred twenty seven you had this housing bubble that had grown all out of proportion a little early people down in florida standing on street corners block from block from block selling house flipping houses day by day i mean it was it was insane speculation that bubble burst in florida in twenty seven it started bursting all the way up the east coast through a twenty eight burst big time in california in late twenty eight in early twenty nine and that burst in the housing bubble just like our housing bubble burst in two thousand and seven here in the united states when to get out of you i made myself in florida so it sounds kind of like a repeat of that it exactly is and that's really the thing that drove the stock market crash was the housing market crash because the two ways that people were getting rich was speculating on housing and speculating on stocks and when they could no longer speculate in housing and they started them speculating on stocks they could spot speculative stocks with huge margins you know ten to one margins you couldn't do housing with that kind of margin really those margins in the margin calls came in you know the whole thing you know it is about leverage and steve kean
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when we had him on our show had a really interesting go graph of the incredible correlation between margin and stock prices but what i want to get to is glass steagall is my my position is look i am all for it if we're going to keep our current banking system then we have to. you know we have to have some kind of limit on derivatives but unfortunately we're not going to have any realistic expectation even if the volcker rule comes into effect even if we have a reincarnation of glass steagall almost a federal reserve stops printing and giving away this free money to the banks because there's too much money at stake to really have any real reform because the people who are instituting these reforms supposedly are the ones who are regulating who are the ones who are writing the rules like j.p. morgan well we could go through a long list of what's wrong with the fed but i don't think the fed is the problem here really what we're talking about with glass steagall is separating gambling banking investment banking from checkbook banking old fashioned commercial banking
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you know if you have a checkbook you have a savings account if your mortgage with the bank and from nine hundred thirty from the founding of the republic until nine hundred thirty five we never went more than fifteen years without a major national banking anik in one thousand thirty five we put into place glass steagall which said you have to choose if you want to be a bank either you're like merrill lynch and you're an investment house and you gamble in the stock market with your money and with other people's money or your like you know bank of america and we're used to be and you just take checkbook accounts that got blown up in ninety nine with with graeme leach bliley and the consequence of that was that these two merge so now you've got banks they can take your deposits and go out and gamble with them on wall street and i think that's not only do i think that's wrong but that's what crashed the system we need to go back to saying to the banks you can be one or the other pick tom we're out of time i wish we had another ten minutes for this thank you so much for joining if you want
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to weigh in on today's show be sure to like us on facebook at facebook dot com slash prime interest and you can follow tom at tom underscore hartman you can follow me that english thank you so much for joining me on today's daily dose. and it was a day of connect the dots here on prime interest here is the tangled web we have woven from j.p. morgan however in to that still unknown clinton baier firm snail holdings is a short the first domino in a trail that leads west to chicago the bond market never lie finally we traced a q e two derivatives and then blazed the trail that led us to our favorite banks here's looking at you diamond thanks for watching come back next week from everyone
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at prime interest i'm sorry i'm boring have a great day. i've seen the perception of the cross many times it doesn't matter if there's snow a heat wave or hail storms people keep on going i don't expect anything just one i told myself i keep on going as long as my heart told me to that's all i wanted at the moment mick keelty hanson so my cheese cd i'm carrying these sayings on my shoulder. do you want me to put a bandage here you know that's fine a lot of people were so exhausted they could barely walk their feet hurt and some
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of them straight it's great evacuee three two wanted to keep going i don't know what tomorrow will bring. right. first trip. and i think. play live on a reporter's twitter linspire live live in the live on the odd live. live live
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. live. live live. live . close to live. sigrid laboratory to mccurry was able to build a most sophisticated robot which all unfortunately doesn't give a darn about anything tim's mission to teach music creation why it should care
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about humans and world this is why you should care only on the algae dot com. is eve's. no one chooses to be homeless no wind chills this to me in our sorrow. is that all for the show to. get in the six pm get out six be a six. day war and.
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dance for the. man not to me the class before the. days no more against the war. it's tough to think about all of them comes to. an end to know that many may not have only been lost to choose won't should never be but they're also due to foreclosures that never should add. that judges assess on son. killed on the streets. that women kidnapped and converted to islam by force will be another layer of moses for the coakley christians of egypt to the cross to use its future victims. the way of the cross city.
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breaking news on our team more than a hundred people are feared to have been killed in agent most of them reportedly pro muslim brotherhood demonstrators or it's said to have been attacked by army supporters and targeted by snipers in cairo. the syrian national coalition agrees to take part in peace talks as the group meets with the u.n. security council for the first time. and u.s. authorities break a cyber fraud scam worth hundreds of millions of dollars believed to be the largest ever they are now seeking decades in prison for the hackers.

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