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tv   Headline News  RT  August 9, 2013 5:00pm-5:31pm EDT

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with mike's cancer a no holds barred look at the global financial headlines tune in two kinds of reports. coming up president obama met the media just a short time ago here in d.c. a large part of his news conference dealt with concerns over the n.s.a. surveillance state and edward snowden's leaks are political commentator was at the white house he'll join us today coming up with more. and this week marks the sixtieth anniversary of the atomic bombs being dropped on hiroshima and nagasaki japan but activists now fear that americans are forgetting the horrific blessings of these bombings that story is coming up in today's show. and relations between the u.s. and russia remain cold over edward snowden's asylum and now today in d.c. there were bilateral talks between top u.s. and russian officials so what's the focus of the meeting find out ahead.
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hello there it's friday august ninth five pm here in washington d.c. i marinate and you're watching our t.v. now before heading to martha's vineyard for the weekend president obama held a news conference at the white house this was his first formal press conference since april thirtieth and he spoke on a wide range of topics including everything from government surveillance to n.s.a. leaker edward snowden to us russian relations our political commentator sam sachs was at the white house for the press conference and joins me now in studio to discuss the latest thanks sam now why the press conference today regarding the n.s.a. well you see each week the guardian comes out with a new week the president wants to get out ahead of these now he wants to start talking about them also congress there's a lot of action just a few weeks ago that the emotion moment nearly passed which would have put a huge hamper on the n.s.a.'s ability to run these programs so that the presidents are sort of start trying to get a. front of these these issues before they keep snowballing and that makes sense
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now let's talk about some of the reform the president is open to and what he had to say about that sure well he first address the section two fifteen of the patriot act now section two fifteen is what allows the government to go to businesses like horizon and collect massive amounts of data from their users in this is metadata this is the phone numbers and you know who you are who you're talking to and when you're talking to them and he said that he's open to to making public a lot of the legal justifications for that i think we have a clip here of him talking about it. my direction the department of justice will make public the legal rationale for the government's collection activities under section two fifteen of the patriot act the n.s.a. is taking steps to put in place a full time civil liberties and privacy officer and released information that details its mission authorities and oversight. so is this section two fifteen here like i said the a mushroom and almost completely defunded it now the president they did release
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this white paper the department of justice released this white paper showing legal justification l. lot of the stuff is classified information so it was left out of it but in it they basically say yes this program is very broad i mean we were told that millions of customers arising customers were brought into it yes it's very broad but they say that it's relevant because of all these records they could be useful some time into the future they justify that they're using three hops which means if you find a target that you want to conduct surveillance on not only can you conduct on them but you can take a jump hop from them and see where they're communicating from hop from there so you they're communicating communicating with them in a hop and there are three hops and they said that ultimately because the supreme court has ruled that you don't have an expectation of privacy over your phone numbers when you're talking over the phone that this program is completely constitutional a sweep up millions of metadata belonging to americans who use for example arising right now let's move on to the face the courts did the president say anything about
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making any changes there yes he hinted that he's open to some phase of court reforms that screenplay the clip here of him him talking about the court one of the concerns that people raise is that a judge reviewing a request from the government to conduct programatic surveillance only hears one side of the story may tilt it to four in favor of security may not pay enough attention to liberty and while i've got confidence in the court and i think they've done a fine job i think we can provide greater assurances that the court is looking at these issues from both perspectives. so this is been a big concern because a lot of people are saying that the secret files the court is just a rubber stamp for the government after all the government doesn't have any opposition in the court basically the n.s.a. goes to the court the d.o.j. or goes to the court and says hey we want to conduct surveillance on this person in the judge's ok what for example senator blumenthal has done is propose legislation that would put a special privacy advocate on the court who could argue against the government's
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claims to do surveillance and try to look out for civil liberties so we'll see if maybe the white house and senator blumenthal can come to an agreement and install some sort of operative opposition on to the pi's accord it's interesting now did the president have anything to say about edward snowden all his leaks and all this noise around him now and the fact that he has asylum in russia yes he was directly asked you know given the fact that this whole debate wouldn't be happening given that these reforms you're introducing wouldn't have been possible without edward snowden has your opinion of edward snowden changed and here's what the president said no i don't think mr snowden was a patriot as i said in my opening remarks i called for a thorough review of our surveillance operations before mr snowden made these leaks the president echoing a sentiment that a lot of members of congress are having even though they're using edward snowden's leaks to write and try and pass legislation to rein in the n.s.a. bring transparency to the prize court nobody really wants to give edward snowden
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any credit for it and the president says that look we were talking about these issues before snowden came even even came into the picture. that's a bit debatable i mean where on the president's agenda was the n.s.a. we've heard a lot about immigration we've heard a lot about jobs you know all this stuff i highly doubt that anywhere on top of the president's agenda was reforming the n.s.a. some point in the next three or four years of his presidency now what the president say about the general oversight of all of these programs the surveillance programs he said he was pleased with the oversight he said he believes there's enough oversight he thinks that these these leaks have led the media to. kind of mischaracterize what these programs are doing but he said he's open to reforms to try and restore public faith in these programs which you know doesn't seem to make much sense here we know for a fact that based on one pfizer court opinion that the n.s.a. did overstepped its bounds and has committed unconstitutional spy and we know that
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senator ron wyden has said that this that this is happening we know that today the latest leak coming out today shows that there's a backdoor loophole that allows collected data on american citizens to be accessed by the n.s.a. without any sort of warrant so if the president's trying to make an argument that there's no oversight all these leaks are seemingly allowing that point now there's been criticism that's been leveled at the president for appearing on the tonight show with jay leno and he denied the existence of these domestic spying programs can you not elaborating on basically said we don't have a domestic surveillance program a kind of remind you of james clapper telling ron wyden no we're not collecting data on american citizens boom yes yes they are doing it. again all a lot of these revelations seem to suggest that there is a domestic spying program americans communications that leave the country are being monitored collected and searched for identifiers that might pin the pin them to some foreign target you have this program x.
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keyscore that allows analysts to specifically narrow searches on on american citizens if they want so we're talking semantics here really and if he says no. just explain program right now another issue on yemen there were three strikes in one day now this is in response to you know the allegedly data interceptions can you speak about that what the present have to say on this year the president was asked about directly asked about if you has anything to say about the recent uptick in drone strikes in yemen as you said there's been there was three drone strikes yesterday the president said he's not going to talk about it he's not going to talk about yemen which is pretty interesting we're bombing a foreign country you would think the president's going to say something about it's the cia that's bob as a talk with colonel morris davis the cia is a civilian agency is about as much authority as he said to kill as the national park service so. the fact of the president isn't open to talking about bombing a foreign country shows that not only have times changed considerably but. that's pretty much what times of the times have changed though there you have that was
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a political commentator sam sachs thank you sam. now to fort meade maryland where this afternoon the government is calling its final witness in the sentencing phase of army private bradley manning trial on thursday u.s. military expert on militant islamism ideology took to the stand as a witness for the prosecution a navy commander testified that al qaeda could have used this classified information disclosed by manning through wiki leaks to plan attacks on u.s. forces but then went on to say that there's no solid evidence that they did this now the defense objected to the vast majority of testimony saying it was cumulative and or speculative making it not relevant and rather than stop the testimony a military judge denise lynn decided to hear and rule on friday or next week if it was admissible bradley manning's defense will begin its sentencing phase on monday morning. this week marks the sixty eight year since the us dropped the atomic bomb on hiroshima and nagasaki japan the blast incinerated men women and children
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killing more than two hundred thousand people and tens of thousands more in the following months and years the us is the only nation to have dropped such a weapon of mass destruction on a population who many other countries possess nuclear weapons today now peace activists are worried that americans are forgetting the horrific lessons of these bombings artie's ramon go into has the story. with songs of peace activists in santa monica california remember the victims of the hiroshima and nagasaki attack the first time troops dropped the bombs i'm japan killing hundreds of thousands of. taping the structure of human booms. are on august sixth one thousand nine hundred five an atomic bomb named little boy fell on hiroshima the death toll is estimated at one hundred forty
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thousand it was a mass incineration of civilians at the end of a brutal world war. three days later the fat man bomb leveled nagasaki killing another seventy thousand the scene was so devastating that the u.s. government banned showing film footage of the carnage we must put an end to nuclear madness one of the rare public reminders of america's nuclear past is the chain reaction sculpture designed by puller to winning cartoonist paul conrad the huge chains wraparound and create a mushroom cloud conrad sun explains its significance and he doesn't want the world to annihilate itself with a chain reaction of atomic bombs flying between countries chain reaction would wipe out all mankind sometimes known as mutually assured destruction conrad sentiments are inscribed at the base this is a statement of peace may never become an epitaph but the peace memorial is in peril
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the city could get rid of the iconic sculpture if citizens can't come up with four hundred thousand dollars for renovation the chain reaction sculpture behind me is a stark warning about the dangers of nuclear war the political piece of art is in danger of being torn down and some worry that the memory of america's nuclear terror. well also go with it the reminder remains relevant in today's turbulent times young kids don't know what a nuclear blast look like we are just as close to nuclear destruction as we were twenty years ago when this is put up. to. in japan tens of thousands commemorated the victims of pure she may not be a sock in the u.s. the memorials are much smaller as a nation fails to remember its atomic corps. in
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santa monica california. are. while this week marks the anniversary of the atomic catastrophes on hiroshima and nagasaki japan today japanese attention turns to other nuclear concerns tensions in japan are rising over the radioactive water leaking into the pacific ocean from the country's crippled fukushima daiichi nuclear plant which was devastated by the earthquake and tsunami of two thousand and eleven to discuss the current state of affairs if i was joined earlier by paul gunter director of reactor oversight project the reactor oversight project at beyond nuclear dot org i started off by asking him how long the contaminated water had been leaking into the pacific ocean. likely since the explosions in the meltdown fukushima daiichi in march of two thousand and eleven that is quite
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a long time now how much and what sort of radiation is leaking into the pacific i know there's all different types that you can explain a little detail well clearly what we've seen now is the movement of radioactive hydrogen tritium which is a mobile radioactive isotope but clearly. some radioactive cesium one thirty four one thirty seven strontium ninety we're seeing a full range of radioactive contaminants now moving which indicate that the damaged cores of these reactors and meltdowns themselves have are now contributing to the contamination of the pacific ocean and groundwater that's moving abroad a rate of about three hundred to four hundred gal. metric tons per day so but these numbers are really only approximations and will vary but clearly a lot of radioactivity is moving through groundwater into the ocean now why is the
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plant continuing to leak you'd think they would have or maybe they already have taken steps to contaminate some of this like it well. they had you know tepco tokyo electric power company put up a temporary wall between the reactor wreckage and the the ocean but this is it really acted in nothing more than just like a dam so that the water is building up behind the dam and now it's breached the dam it's spilling over and the radioactive contamination is moving into the pacific but it's. a right now we're seeing that the japanese government is in chaos this the fact that the revelation of this extensive contamination is coming now more than two years after the accident occurred indicates that it's completely. out of control and command and control is in chaos in japan right now and really the big question is why aren't they calling international aid to address the radioactive
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contamination of the pacific ocean why do you suspect that kind international. problems are i think clearly there's there's no transparency and the government and the industry as documented by the japanese diet their congress is that there's been a collusion all along and so what we're seeing is a veil being drawn over the accident to promote agenda for continue the restart of these reactors in japan and to try to contain the bad news rather than the radiation that's very concerning because the radiation is much worse than just the news itself now what can be done beyond these dams that you mentioned before in terms of contaminating the leakage well. you know in order to contain the leaks we have to isolate the radioactive waste but indications are
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right now that the reactor structures themselves have been breached it's very likely that. some of the radioactive material of the melted cores have moved into the earth and. so containing that it's beyond containment right now i think that's the tragedy that we see unfolding as fukushima's radioactive water crisis is only beginning it's very concerning how far has this radiation spread and how fast is it going while it's pret again some of the radioactive isotopes are more mobile than others radioactive tritium hydrogen it moves any where water goes because it is radioactive hydrogen and makes up a component of water so. the display. of the contamination is only going to be as effective lee monitored as the technology is out there and frankly we
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don't know the full extent and nobody really knows the full extent of the contamination at this point as it moves through not only ground water but also through the atmosphere and into ocean currents so it's we're in a very grave situation right now as the the japanese government has declared this is a new radiation emergency coming out of a worsening situation if fukushima daichi now what does this mean for the people in japan and around the world. i think that certainly the concern right now is the people of japan one more transparency into what their government is or is not doing about this uncontrolled radioactive catastrophe the meetings that are going on right now between industry and government are behind closed doors so the japanese people are asking for more transparency to get a better understanding of just how out of control this whole situation is and
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that's going to be true for new zealand for taiwan for korea for china for all the immediate pacific nations but ultimately it raises concerns for radio radioactive contamination in the ocean currents in the pacific a very concerning we appreciate your insight into this thank you for joining me here today that was paul gunter director of the reactor oversight project from beyond nuclear dot org. just great recent diplomatic altercations russia and foreign russia's foreign and defense ministers arrived in washington d.c. today to meet with their american counterparts secretary of state john kerry and defense secretary chuck hagel r g corresponding guy and she can is now in our newsroom with more so grand these these seem to be the highest level meetings we've seen since russia granted edward snowden temporary asylum how did they go. well erin remember this meeting between russian and u.s.
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officials at the state department comes days after president obama canceled a bilateral summit with the russian president in september more and more often we hear about a new cold war between moscow and washington so everyone was listening very closely to what officials on both sides were saying and we heard two different messages coming from president obama and four minutes the labral both holding a news conference at the same time separately of course here is foreign minister lavrov responding to a question about a new cold war and edward snowden. you remember very well what you said when we were saying goodbye you said well i believe that we can make a difference in the rest of their conventions let's their kids as adults. and that's what we're trying to do because if you for. small incidents. become an impediment to every single.
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i think it would be it would be very room to put it in the room for this. president obama in the meantime did the opposite he has basically hyped up the cold war talk they call the thing. when president putin who was prime minister when medvedev was president came back into power i think we saw more rhetoric on the russian side that was anti-american that. played into some of the old stereotypes about the cold war contests between the united states and russia and i've encouraged mr putin to. think forward as opposed to backwards on those issues with mixed success. president obama also said in light of all the disagreements with russia it's time to make a pause and quote recalibrate leaving everyone wondering what that means the tone of the talks at the state department at least the opening part that we have seen
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was different the meeting was not expected to produce any ten jubal results but at least there was there was an agreement on both sides that they should not let this agreement and scandals completely overshadow whatever progress the two countries can actually make and one area where the two countries can make a difference is the crisis in syria both state the the same objective that they want to political solution that they want to bring all sides of the syrian conflict together in geneva to try and map out a political solution the opposition the syrian opposition says they're not going to sit down at one table with those who have blood on their hands moscow says in order to stop the bloodshed all hands need to come to the negotiating table foreign minister lavrov just said that secretary kerry assured him that washington is going to do everything possible to have the opposition at that negotiating table so we don't know what's going to happen there so there were some very serious issues on the agenda like syria like missile defense in europe where russia and the u.s.
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obviously don't see eye to eye but making progress and on any of those topics becomes that much harder when the relations are defined by scandal and today we heard foreign minister lavrov trying very hard to use the tension to move it away from the cold war talk but president obama it seems he has done the opposite he has hyped up the tension back to you aaron. that was archies guy and she's you can reporting from the newsroom. still ahead here on r t it's common knowledge that the heart about heart disease is a growing problem in the u.s. but if you are going to have a heart attack where is the best place to get immediate help the answer is not the hospital details ahead.
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here is mitt romney trying to figure out the name of that thing that we americans call a dollar. i'm sorry i missed the guy who cares an awful lot but you sir are a fool you know what kind of terrorist cells you want to listen to feature isn't the only liberal the christian. should listen to the snow for you to distract us from what you and i should care about because they're
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profit driven industry that sells a sensationalistic garbage he calls it breaking news i'm having martin and we're going to break the set. i would rather buy shoes for people in positions of power instead of speaking on their behalf and that's why you can find my go larry king now right here on r.g.p. question more.
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the same story doesn't make good news no softball interviews snow possibly says some tough questions if you. heart disease is the leading cause of death in the united states for both men and women so it was only a matter of time before someone looked into the best place to have a cardiac episode archie correspondent liz wahl explains. when someone goes into cardiac arrest by the time a patient gets here it's oftentimes too late. according to
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a new study out of the journal of the american college of cardiology the best place to be is ad age were required to have our c.p.r. . certifications a data trained staff and access to these defibrillators or a.d.'s i'm directing this person this person hey i need you to go grab a d. it's right here in this location cardiac arrest is more likely to happen in places where people exert themselves so most gyms are required to carry the device the sooner help arrives the higher the chances of survival if someone goes into cardiac arrest most indians are prepared to act fast want to turn it on and as a big button that says on all the once you turn it on it'll say clean the security area please do this and when you take it out you know there is an emergency here.
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so you see what. you have. it works the study compares cardiac arrest survival rates and numerous indoor locations and found that quote survival was higher at exercise sites than at non exercise indoor sites for a lot of small organisations a lot of places where they don't believe it is not seen as a necessity but i really think it's education should be promoted i was another unexpected spot where your chances of survival are better casinos a.d.'s are common at the adult playgrounds and the staff tends to be well trained on how to use them this according to a study recently published online in the annals of emergency medicine while a.d.'s are often found in public places like schools cardiac arrest don't commonly happen there so the take away of the study know where people are most at risk and focus on
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putting life saving devices there in washington liz wahl r.t. . and other news pink is the new red at least in the solar system that's right pink is the exciting new shade of the season thanks to the newly discovered planet g j five zero four b. and while the name may not be that sexy the color sure is located fifty seven light years away from earth this done in designer planet orbits around the sun similar to our own and is a sizzling hot four hundred sixty degree fahrenheit their research team spotted this little fireball which also sets a new record as the lowest mass world ever detected by using infrared data from a subaru telescope in hawaii so watch out mars there's a new lady on the block in astronomers are just going wild for that does it for now for more on the stories we cover and you can go to youtube dot com slash r.t.m. america and check out our website r t v dot com slash usa you can also follow me on twitter at aaron i see you right back here at eight o'clock.
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on the one. you. like to have you with us here on our t.v. today ali roll researcher. is it possible.


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