tv Cross Talk RT April 5, 2019 4:30am-5:01am EDT
i'm joined by my guest patrick lawrence in new york he is a foreign affairs commentator who's columns appear in consortium news in other publications also in new york we have remy p.a. he is a senior director at america's market intelligence as well as a research associate on political economy and foreign policy at florida international university and in paris we cross the from the he is president of asia center i'd jump in crosstalk rules in effect that means you can jump in anytime you want and i always appreciate this put this program has been inspired by an article you wrote of the consortium news i saw the the white house's reaction to italy joining this initiative the chinese initiative belton road this is coming from the national the national security spokesman mark a has italy is a major goal of global economy and great investment destination no need for italian government to lend legitimacy to china's infrastructure vanity project well this is a lot more than of vanity project and it sounds more that they find it threatening
go ahead patrick. it's a very great deal more than a vanity project that's a ridiculous description and i think the larger point peter is is it washington's position to confer deny legitimacy in these sort of things if the law whole statement reeks of washington's inability to to to read the clock and see what time it is. the world's changing europeans i think to to my to my delight our last figuring this out. and addressing addressing a future where there are going to be. more independent coal power i couldn't be more pleased at that prospect one has waited for it for decades of course. ok let's go to it let me go to paris here is on francois how far as it being in
europe and being a european do you see china as a threat or is it an opportunity because you look at the scaremongering out of washington and other capitals in in europe i mean i'm thinking of president ma mccrum he one on one point admonishes been at the same trip the town chinese president was making to your piece signed in the a lot of agreements with the chinese president seems a bit hypocritical at the or at least very confusing go ahead in paris well not may answer would be very him poor you know it would be too forward in tony's or you probably know is determined to define a crisis is a term which contains the word then ger and put in a t. so that the top that's my first point in my second point would be that china is as much as threat or and the poor too nitty as much europe is strong enough not to be threatened and strong enough or petunias sick enough.
to grow up to portion a-t. of course all. balancing the was the influence and turner is very good at it and find the witnesses turn up always pushes wherever it's weak wherever it's strong then you wouldn't find. it but couldn't you say the same exact thing of the united states because it's the concert good but of course you could think of every country ok let me go to remy here remy i mean you know the italians are being lambasted as the first g seven country to join this initiative here but i mean they've had over a decade of stagnation a country comes to you and says we want to invest in your infrastructure i mean who doesn't want new infrastructure but this is they're being told that they're going
to be turned into a vast saw well the european union is the vassal union but not to the chinese go ahead. well the situation is the following you have right now within the european union thirteen countries that actually have signed a memorandum of understanding with china for the belgian road initiative however in a case of italy has two very symbolic values the first thing is defined as the first g seven countries in terms of the column the power of italy's far greater than other smaller nations of the european union sign on the on the chinese deal and also more importantly it's a founding member of the european union the six country a founding member of the european union and therefore it's a big movement on the symbolism of this of this alliance now you have to keep in mind that indeed italy as an incoming situation that has been far from florida over the last decade has a very high level especially of of national debt and he's definitely looking for investors to be able to help them you know build infrastructure that has been lagging behind both at the national level but also at the levels and china is
actually the ideal partner for this remember that in general you had this bridge collapse with a very dead people because of the the lack of it is too easy of the infrastructure and the lack of new investment in china is an opportunity for italy today is different from the european perspective and from place on my core we actually want to have a united european union in front of china to make arrival ok patrick you want to jump in go ahead yes. i like you very much sure you are you're ricky you should know. of the balance between threat an opportunity. speaking as an america from america we we are not very good at this rate we do not we do not we do not have much capacity to identify opportunity instead we see strengths everywhere to the extent one grows sick and tired of the word right and this may sound a touch overstated where where you are sitting or where is wrong for us was sitting
but i worry that underneath all this is is a twenty it's first century version of of of the yellow peril we saw about a century or a little more ago right that may sound like an overstatement but if you if you listen to what congress is saying in all these bills they're passing of concerning quality and all that. it it's really not far below below the surface and i dearly hope the europeans can avoid falling into that pit ok well it's go back to paris where i mean you know going back to this national security spokesman you know calling this project abandoning project here i don't see the united states going in investing in talent infrastructure so desperately needed and you know it we also you know you have the that the port cities of germany were doing quite well right now and that's the port cities of italy want to compete what's wrong with
that is the european union investing in italy no it is drowning in debt ok they'd europe actually brussels and rome or are at loggerheads here now the chinese come in and they're not bringing their own political system they're not bringing their values they're bringing money what is wrong with that go ahead in paris. well possibly you cannot see united states investing in infrastructure but you got to be aware that infrastructures are not necessarily the most rewarding and the best yielding investment you can make on the investments by the united states or non european countries which are not china are much higher that whatever china has invested into europe in the last seventy two years remember that china only started investing into europe after twenty ten. twenty twenty nine they were quite
wary build the church did the european crisis then this study investing route why east china investing in into the infrastructure is one and i would see one before any other reason because with infrastructure of this you know what you're buying you're going her other sets and very often those other sets are yielding is stable return that would be the case we move the infrastructure investment that china has looked at now the second reason of course is that infrastructures are critical to be present in fear that doesn't mean that are because you cannot see american investors going into infrastructure each year of d.d. don't care about investing in europe but the log lake to to universe into more capitalistic investments i would see of course the investing to listed company is
and as you know different stock market is invested by quite a lot of us pensions vernon to own and forth so i would say that is probably the higher degree of education in terms of investment from the us than there is front of that from china which we still be in the learning curve in terms of in. this meant this being said you can of course. the mention of the chinese investment into infrastructure is ok well already you got an enemy going to really get around here i mean you know. you know when you look at the end of the chinese investment it is it is deemed as some kind of threat and particular people in washington here but you know the i.m.f. and the world bank they're not charities they already always have conditions attached to it ok i mean i don't see any of those same kind of conditions here and plus in the case of italy they had these are just memorandums of understanding they're not done deals yet and of course it's going to be wiggle room here go ahead
remy in new york. well in terms of different sorts of investment first of all yes indeed chinese investment infrastructure can be a walk i'm side future for the fall for italy that actually needs those there are some investment from from the european union also the structural adjustment program that actually reinvest in different countries italy's and that contributed to the european union because the needs of infrastructure is actually greater in eastern europe and that's where the funds are going more generally that eataly however what you were pointing was was absolutely right in the says that the different perspective and offers from different global actors whether he's the u.s. or china out towards europe have been very much evolving the last five or six years china is offering an opportunity for joining vestment that has its risks also in case a country is not able to repay that investment and therefore you will actually potentially fall in on the in the shape of the chinese investment that should not be the case in case of italy however when you look at the child administration today who doesn't have any answer to the increasing presence of chinese investment instead of offering
a win win scenario it out of only just works on trade disputes and trade disagreement potentially raising tyrus on aluminum raising tariffs on all the other key imports for just challenging and idea of globalization by pushing forward an agenda of america first red meat is trying very hard and will only hold on don't hold your brother good china hold those gentlemen we have to go to a hard break and after that break we'll continue with discussions on china's state with r.t. . it's a. good.
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eight months of intensive school. rats. and they save lives. i mean this is a bit like you know it's this you do. you do this for the first one you open your eyes to go forward from the hundreds. that's awesome you just want to do that. here thing i was national guard. but if you look at the it. was from the films. school board of these critics one of the biggest musical. because the. machine into
life to be smeared. all over this you know. the polls. because of the style if you believe that eighty. welcome back across the uk were all things are considered i'm discussing china. ok let's go back to remy in new york i think we should all speak the obvious what's going on here right now and we see. a major transformation of the global economy in geopolitics and and china's got the deep pockets it has the technology it has the
will and as i've pointed out i mean we'll find out i suppose but they're not bringing a lot of political baggage with them ok it's not promoting democracy at the end of the barrel of a gun i mean they're just saying there's an opportunity here we can win you could win and let's do it and it seems that they doing pretty well it's the united states doesn't want to lose europe as a part of its orbit that's really obvious ok no one wants to say it in such clear language but that's the case go ahead romy well if you're saying it is true indeed but in another element it's important to look at when you look at normative values to to to investment to international relationship that's actually what was interesting to look at over the last few days of the story that you had in europe about china looking at it as a system it a rival and the idea here is that europe actually worried about the increasing presence of china especially the five days that he's on the reciprocity so for example when you look at how you can invest in european markets whether you're our european country or you're from outside if you actually compete on the same level
of technical city and prices you actually are able to be awarded a contract is actually the case on the other side of the equation here where european companies that often you know taking out of the but then potentially of investment back in china and that's what you know in terms of the relationship between europe and china something that europe is demanding that changes however indeed china can actually be a very good partner a strong partner especially when the u.s. tends to fall down on its own that's a nationalistic values especially on issues such as climate change for example there's definitely more interest and collusion of interest here between the european union and china trying to build a new potential world order on climate change and strategy so it's interesting that now we have the rise of a multiple of the system that is different from the one that. we had a series of different decades when the u.s. could basically dictate its wheels or western europe right now you have in when you look at security issues or also the comic issues you have other options on the
table for a country like italy you know patrick you know maybe you can elaborate on that because the world is changing in ways that the united states can't control and that's something that's very very frustrating for the exceptionalism part of the foreign policy establishment is that any major change has to have the the blessing of the washington consensus and that just isn't the case anymore i mean it's really these policymakers are so out of step of what's going on i mean as the as they as the trump in ministration angles of to destroy the economy of venezuela you have you know china is the biggest investor in africa and the european union's biggest trading partner is china china is staying away from those things i'm not trying to praise their economic model political model i'm just looking at what they do ok and and it's just the u.s. that is out of sync with that that it absence of major of a country come up so fast and challenge the the established order that they think
is set in stone go ahead patrick well peter a couple of points very interesting what you just said i think one. i can't get past the thought that there is a certain sense of shock in washington and perhaps in some of the european capitals although i doubt it. that this is a non western country. acting. as on the basis of parity with the west ok if all this money that china is is offering to invest in europe we're not coming from a no unless we're coming from another western countries there wouldn't be this kerfuffle and sort of freak out. second point peter. look at history for seventy years. america was the
unchallenged dominant power right it did not have to say gary much it did not have to imagine alternative perspectives it did not really need diplomacy right that it it was just in the driver seat suddenly the world has changed and. washington is rather school rhotic it's not accustomed to thinking it's not accustomed to new circumstances and it's not accustomed to seeing king other than we just proceed to do what we've always done since one nine hundred forty so it's kind of been shaken awake rather abruptly and . i think it's going to take quite a long time and a great number of mistakes some of the extremely unfortunate before washington is able to wake up and see the twenty first century food for what it is at the moment
washington frankly speaking doesn't really much care for the twenty first century good point romney as you pointed out earlier in the program me what you said it's thirty thirteen countries in the european union and already. been dealing with china in this respect here but it's really interesting the individual countries can do it it says a lot of this has a lot but i'm not a lot of good things about the european union because they really aren't knighted on this and it's really tells you the condition of the european union because it because of this neoliberal economic policies and so many countries particularly in the south that used to call them the pigs remember that about ten years ago that was so much into debt the european union it's where it's current model and with using the euro lot of these countries just can't get out of that mess and you have an outside fresh source of investment that kind of move things along because if i were an italian i would welcome this because there's an it's
a pretty bleak future with this current economic model based on a stereo unfortunately this is the third way out what do you think remmy. oh nothing we can go too far ahead here basically have thirteen countries that signed a memorandum of understanding what does a memorandum of the standing mean not much to be really honest i mean there for the moment there's no clear investment happening there's no but it's just a sign of interest towards potentially working closer with with china as an additional partner there's also a game here they being played by eastern european countries or even equally specifically here two words brussels trying to say what charge if you actually don't cover for all interest. around and try to you know move away from a consensus position that's exactly what you know french president. said by inviting when the president or trains president came to you to they went to what i call then he went to europe to france during the same trip by coin vidame in the positively day and then he actually had him on the second day together with merkel and with the younger in terms of showing that there was
a show of strength and unity inside the european union to try to have a more consensus here in front of china definitely to italy whether you're looking at the. five star movement or salvini is basically trying to play a game ahead of the european elections trying to showcase potential economic success while right now if you really look at the two million situation they haven't done any progress over the last year and fortunately deniable to showcase any kind of success before the european elections so now if you actually look on the other side of the equation where i totally agree with you he's defied that there's no clear answer from the united states they've seen china you know assigning agreements with eastern european countries before that there was a series of different central american countries that actually moved away from taiwan opened. the seas with china in what used to be the american bike yard of the month of doctrine and it is actually not able to any articulate any potential progressive and ambitious position towards you know showcase another option for
those countries is cutting down the series of help to central american countries is cutting down and just bullying european countries inside the nato to force them to pay two percent of their. he threw in nato for more than i think american military production and he refuses to have this rise of a multilateral multi as a multi-polar order in the in the world today that is a reality yeah you hit on so many very important points i agree i mean patrick let me go back to you i mean it really brings up some many good points here is that you have this rising power china i mean and in all of our lifetime i mean it's it's amazing since i was helping when i was around i mean it's extraordinary what's going on here and it seems to me that you know it's the city's trap i mean the united states has to take a make a stand either allow china to continue its path and negotiate with it or an over the third always the worst option is war and it seems the first two options the united states is not seriously thinking about this is the time to seriously think
about those options before the third one is forced on you go ahead patrick it's washington's thinking is essentially paralyzed. i think what's happened if you go back heater we were talking at the time if you go back to the ukraine crisis perhaps before that syria. washington now northeast asia washington's basic position is we don't have a constructive response to the the evolving world order so our our effort goes into spoilage our role is spoiler it one after another case and i think if you look at the washington position. it's these are the europe and china quite specifically the way situation we are essentially
playing the role of spoiler we don't know how to respond anymore constructively than that we do not have a working policy framework or others and spoilage. this this goes across the pacific and now we're seeing it in europe. or in the you hang it where you are nani your head go ahead remy in new york go ahead. well i agree that you really see a shift here internationally with the with the new tribe administration used to have two options on the table you have the american option which is basically on the third equal level call democratic dearie the idea that by promoting free trade we're going to help you know population grew in terms of the economy push towards democracy and not go to war and basically that was the basic idea behind the european union the rise of the faculty the rise of free trade and therefore have moving away from nationalism and to listen and that was best embodied by the clinton administration and the obama administration that was pushing for more free trade agreements that you can actually create those in terms of the impact that he
has on the quality but definitely the idea was to try to have a wall where you have absolute gain for everyone to work together and trade together with the pushing of of the you know the trade agreements where there was a trans i think the trade agreements other than that in asia and i actually what happened that was different off the table the second option was more chinese option that was look we just want to deal with the other pragmatic level we're not going to be pushing for more democracy in your country we just want to have you know money and agreements right now without having any kind of interference. on them at all they are not honestly call it miles on the table their defense of the way they want to win win situation that's interesting we should pursue it that's all the time we have gentlemen many thanks to my guests a new york and in pairs and thanks to our viewers for watching us here are to see you next time and remember cross-talk rules.
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