tv Up to the Minute CBS November 18, 2015 3:07am-4:00am EST
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x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x=x= one day before the paris attacks, isis struck in lebanon, which is bursting with syrian refugees. twin suicide bombings in beirut killed 43 and wounded more than 200. the victims were mostly from the shiite branch of islam. isis is the sunni branch. holly williams is following this from turkey. holly, how significant was that attack in lebanon? >> reporter: scott, it was very significant. lebanon has been a war-torn country, but this was the worst terror attack in the capital beirut in many years, and it comes at a time when lebanon is especially fragile and the civil war raging just across the border in syria has played into those tensions, destabilizing lebanon. on top of that, lebanon, which
million people, has had an influx of over a million syrian refugees since the civil war began. >> paris has demanded the world's attention, but it's been at the expense of coverage like the story in lebanon. >> reporter: well, scott, that's true. and there's been a lot of criticism on social media coming from inside lebanon and other middle eastern countries asking why there wasn't more coverage of the attack in beirut. and some people have said that it was racist, that what the western media was effectively saying is that european lives matter more than arab lives. and, scott, there is one very important point which is sometimes forgotten but which we have made before and it's this: isis has killed many more muslims than it has members of any other religious group, including christians. >> holly williams in turkey for us tonight. holly, thank you. isis has already claimed responsibility for blowing up
well, today, the russians confirmed it was a bomb with a force equivalent to about two pounds of t.n.t. that brought the plane down. 224 were killed, mostly vacationing families. in retaliation today, russia fired cruise missiles from ships in the mediterranean and dropped bombs from planes on isis targets in syria. major american cities have been tightening security, and here is our homeland security correspondent jeff pegues. >> reporter: around pennsylvania avenue in washington, it's not just the white house that is a potential terrorist target. it's also the restaurants, coffee shops, and public squares. the area has tight security, but even at midday, we didn't see any police presence. former assistant f.b.i. director ron hosko. >> there are simply not enough police, law enforcement on duty, off duty, hired security to cover every potential gathering
liberty. >> reporter: in los angeles, deputy police chief michael downing says since the paris attacks, the l.a.p.d. has increased patrols and is working with the community to step up awareness around soft targets. >> there are 45,000 private security guards in the los angeles area alone. there's 10,000 l.a.p.d. when you combine that with community members that are interested as well, we have some good leverage. >> reporter: but law enforcement officials say the best way to stop a suicide attack is having the right intelligence, and once an attack is under way, cutting down on the response time is key. that involves active shooter training developed after the columbine school massacre. move in and immediately neutralize the threat. but hosko says even a huge show of force may not be enough. >> is that going to stop a
only one thing -- jihad and martyrdom and mass carnage? i don't know that it's been known to stop that. >> reporter: it is not just los angeles that's relying on private security guards. scott, we also spoke with philadelphia's police commissioner who says they are as well. >> jeff pegues reporting. jeff, thank you. today, the republican leaders of the house and senate called on the president to stop accepting syrian refugees. we have more on that from our congressional correspondent nancy cordes. >> it strikes me that we need to pause or a moratorium. >> reporter: it's no longer just the republican rank and file. senate leader mitch mcconnell and house speaker paul ryan both called for a halt today to the refugee program. >> this is a moment where it's better to be safe than to be sorry. >> reporter: but the administration isn't wavering from its plan to let in 10,000 syrians over the next year.
today one-on-one interviews are conducted with each potential refugee, something that didn't happen when the refugees arrived in europe earlier this year. officials add that just 2% of the 2,300 syrians let in so far are single males of combat age. >> frankly, there are probably greater risks with passport- holding europeans. >> reporter: adam schiff is the top democrat on the house intelligence committee. what's wrong with taking a brief pause to make sure that the refugee program is as safe as possible? >> a refugee who is trying to come and find solace here in the united states now, it's still going to be a year and a half before they get through the process. so adding further delay to that i don't think makes sense. >> reporter: but 27 of the nation's governors now say they'll try to deny refugees resettlement assistance. robert bentley is alabama's governor. >> we're not going to allow them into the state of alabama.
>> reporter: white house officials are holding a conference call with governors tonight while the f.b.i. director briefs members of congress here on capitol hill. it is a full court press from an administration, scott, that has been criticized abroad for not taking in more refugees. >> nancy cordes on the story in washington. nancy, thank you. there's also breaking news tonight in the presidential race. republican bobby jindal, the governor of louisiana, is dropping out. jindal never got out of single digits in the polls. still ahead, the hunt for isis in iraq. the "cbs overnight news" will be right back. it's the final countdown! the final countdown! if you're the band europe, you love a final countdown. it's what you do.
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isis has captured much of syria and iraq already, and it's using terrorism to expand its reach in those countries. charlie d'agata went along as kurdish troops hunted for isis sleeper cells in northern iraq. >> reporter: on the outskirts of kirkuk, the anti-terror squad hoped to find four isis suspects. they've been under surveillance for a while. they are considered dangerous, and they don't know what to expect once they get there. the men spread out and surrounded the house. then they burst through the gate, weapons drawn.
but it's not until the next house that they nabbed the first suspect, but he was alone. and the only information he would give them was his name. general sadar qadir told us the men are suspected of being among the gunmen who massacred as much as 1,700 army recruits when isis overran a military base in tikrit last year. now they're believed to be part of an isis sleeper cell plotting to attack civilian areas. the next location was a warehouse. men were ordered to face the wall and squat on the ground. back at the base, the general told us the tragic events in paris just showed that isis is a global enemy. "it's very sad," he said. "but there have been days where seven car bombs went off in kirkuk, and hundreds were killed, just like france." and although they captured two
isis suspects overnight, there are now two more on the run. these squads are out there day and night, scott, and the general told us because it is the aim of the terrorists to kill civilians, they pose a greater threat than the isis militants his forces face on the battlefield. >> charlie d'agata on the battlefield in northern iraq. charlie, thank you. the "cbs overnight news"
back home, storms are heading east tonight through arkansas, louisiana, and mississippi. the system spun off tornadoes yesterday, four in the texas panhandle. as many as ten in kansas where a number of homes were destroyed. and a fierce snowstorm dumped more than a foot of snow in kansas and colorado. there was a bomb scare at a soccer stadium in germany today. turned out to be a false alarm, but the match between germany and the netherlands was canceled. soccer was played in london as two rivals stood together. here's mark phillips. >> viva la france! >> reporter: when is a game more than a game? when the visiting team's anthem is the theme song of the night. when the national stadium of england is decorated in the colors and slogan of the old sporting enemy, france. when the game comes just four
to blow themselves up in the crowd during another game in paris. but had to settle for detonating outside when they couldn't get in. when two members of the french team were directly affected by the attacks, lassana diara's cousin was killed. antoine griezmann's sister escaped from the bataclan hall massacre. when the heaviest security anybody can remember is set up around the stadium. it was the french who said they wanted this game to go ahead. the english not only agreed. they turned it into an exercise in solidarity. >> we here to support england, we're here to support france. we're here to say yes to peace and no to terror. >> reporter: and when it was time for the anthems, instead of a competition between rivals, there was a singalong, the words to the french "marseillaise" put up on the scoreboard so the
english fans could join in. and those two century-old french revolutionary lyrics about resistance to invasion and blood flowing seemed as relevant now as when they were written. the anthem's message of historic defiance resonates today and not just in france. the challenge, though, is how to turn that defiance into effective international action. but what mattered here was the sentiment. >> i cried, like, for two days, and i was dispirited. and now i'm here to support my country. and know that every country are behind us in this situation. >> reporter: the score in the game, 2-0, england. nobody cared. mark phillips, cbs news, london.
pelley. this is the "cbs overnight news." >> welcome to the "overnight news." the international manhunt for those behind the paris terror attacks is now focused on two fugitives. french investigators say both were directly involved with the attacks that left at least 129 people dead, and another 350 wounded across paris. the islamic state has claimed responsibility, and tonight, the group is feeling the wrath. french warplanes again bombed isis targets in and around their self-proclaimed capital of raqqah and moscow is stepping up attacks as well after concluding the russian jetliner that crashed in egypt was brought down by a bomb. all 224 people on board died and isis has claimed responsibility. vladamir putin is offering a $50 million reward for those who
mark phillips has more. >> reporter: russian security services has said they now have the evidence to confirm what was always the prime suspicion, that the russian jet crash in the sinai was caused by a bomb. the fact that the wreckage from the plane was spread over such a large area had always indicated the plane broken up at altitude. the question was whether that was due to explosion or structural failure, a much less likely cause. now, the head of the main russian security agency, the fsb, has told vladamir putin that tests on the wreckage proved that a homemade explosive device, as he described it, blew the plane up. the continuing suspicion is that the bomb was placed on board at sharm el sheikh. a lapse in security, the egyptians resisted admitting to. reports that two airport workers have been arrested haven't been confirmed. but the responsibility of the deaths of those on board has long been claimed by the islamic
state, saying it was retaliating for the russian bombing campaign against them. vladamir putin has vowed to find them and to punish them. the russian navy has warships in eastern mediterranean conducting cruise missile strikes in syria. vladamir putin ordered his commanders to cooperate with the french military in their assaults. in paris, scott pelley sat down with secretary of state john kerry to ask him about this new alliance. >> the secretary outlined for us today a dramatic, and if it works, a historic grand alliance alliance. he said he can imagine in the next few weeks the united states, russia, and france cooperating militarily against isis, or as he prefers to call it, daesh, in syria. the idea of u.s. and russian forces fighting together,
terrible enemy is a remarkable idea. but that is exactly what they're trying to do. you know, it seems to me that the americans can't say they're supporting the russians and the russians can't say they're supporting the americans. but both can say they're supporting france. in two weeks' time, isis brought down the russian jetliner, attacked their enemies in lebanon and now attacked paris. it doesn't feel like it's working. >> well, the strategy is to contain isis within iraq and syria, and diminish their hold and destroy their headquarters and them fundamentally. because that's where all of this has emanated from. slowly but surely, that is working. but yes, they have foreign fighters who have left there and gone to other places. that remains a challenge, and we've known all along that challenge is there. the basic strategy of destroying daesh's center, its core, which
working. and that's -- daesh sort of filled their void. >> we did that with an enormous land invasion of afghanistan. you know better than anyone that never in history has an air campaign accomplished the goals that you just set out in this interview. >> correct, and that's no pretense here. president obama has never suggested. >> how do you root them out of syria? >> which is exactly what is beginning to happen now, as the syrian arabs, the kurds and others move and earn back their capacity to be able to fight. one of the lessons of iraq is, that it doesn't have to be american soldiers who are on the ground in order to be able to fight the fight, that they can be enablers and help, but you have to have the people that live there invested in that fight. president obama's strategy is to continue to empower them, which is what we're doing. they are currently full square
in the fight to liberate ramadi. and it's a tough fight. they've lost over 200 people and 1200 wounded, but they're fighting. they're doing it. and that's exactly what the strategy is. it may take a little longer. it's tougher. who knows? but if we don't empower them to have the control of their communities, then daesh will move right back in when we leave. and you wind up in this cycle. that's not where we want to go and i think the president is on the right track to be able to take out daesh in a methodical, systematic way, which is now frankly going to increase through the help of obviously the russians, the french are now upping their involvement. and that's all to the better in terms of speeding up the process of taking them out. >> this is an ambition, his is a hope that the russians will come along. secretary kerry seemed to think it would just be in the next few weeks, if it was indeed possible
president hollande of france is going to be meeting with president obama in washington next week and then going directly to moscow to meet with president putin. the hunt for isis terror cells is not limited to france and belgium. kurdish forces are also rooting them out in northern iraq. charlie d'agata was embedded with kurdish special forces and reports now from irbil. >> reporter: here they hunt down terror suspects every day, mostly at night. last night we spent the night with a squad going after suspects from one of the worst isis atrocities this country has seen. we met the general at a secret location south of kircut. he told us they were after four isis suspects. a sleeper cell lying low among the local population, plotting terror attacks in iraq. down a muddy road, they nab the first one. he didn't put up any resistance.
but in the back of the truck, it's starting to sink in. the targets, men suspected of taking part in a massacre of as many as 1700 army recruits when isis overran a military base in tikrit last year. lined up by the hundreds, shot dead in shallow graves. who is this young man? the general said the men they were after are among those who pulled the trigger. the next location is a warehouse where they hoped to find three other suspects. they only found one. he too is blind folded and taken away for interrogation. two more men from the suspected terror cell are still at large. now they know their cohorts are already been taken in. the general told us because they hide in plain sight and then strike civilian areas, the suspects he and his men go after every week pose more of a threat than isis militants his forces face on the front lines.
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the environmental group o-search is wrapping up its first-ever shark tagging expedition in the gulf of mexico. cbs news has been following this group of fishermen and scientists for years. we were there when they tagged and released the first great white shark in north atlantic waters. jeff gror was out with o-search on their latest trip. >> reporter: the gulf of mexico has received enormous attention, mostly for what went wrong. the deep water horizon spill to start. but five years later, parts of the gulf are teeming with life, providing researchers a chance to study how many sharks are there and where they're going. meet finley, a 10-foot long tiger shark. the first gulf shark to be spot tagged on o-search's crab boat turned laboratory. >> here it is, finley the tiger shark for you to enjoy following across the gulf of mexico. >> reporter: this group of
scientists just wrapped an expedition off the coast of texas. tiger sharks, sort of the white shark of the gulf? >> yes. >> reporter: and a shark that gets very close to shore. >> tiger sharks love to come in to beaches and estuaries. >> reporter: during their expedition, they tagged four sharks, two tigers and two hammerheads. they're posting all of their data to their websites, bringing global attention to a body of water with an often muddy reputation. a lot of people think of the gulf as a mess, largely because of the spill. what kind of shape is the gulf in? >> oh, i think the gulf is in pretty good shape. if you talk to the people out there fishing, it's rebounding, full of life. >> and he hopes full of sharks. remove too many and second tier predators would roam, throwing
in the gulf, they're optimistic. thinning, one of the biggest threats to shark populations, is not as prevalent here. over the past few decades, the influx of oil rigs has created just as many artificial reefs. we are 30 miles offshore. there are about 4,000 active oil rigs in the gulf of mexico. above water, they are steel, stark, industrial. but underwater, an explosion of life. >> you have to keep in mind they have been here for decades. no one realized the great ecosystems that would be formed around them. >> reporter: greg is one of the scientists working with o-search in the gulf. >> we're going to be fishing oil and gas structures. >> reporter: you've been down diving at many of these reefs. when you first saw one of these undersea worlds, what was your reaction? >> one, it's just the sheer size is amazing. on the surface, it's flat and looks like nothing.
few feet and you see the size of a building under water, and then the next thing you see is just the abundance of marine life, particularly fish that are just everywhere. >> reporter: over time, man made structures like oil rigs become artificial reefs by attracting an entire food chain. microscopic organisms, coral, schools of fish and the lions of the ocean, sharks. they also attract controversy. usually when a rig is retired and a decision needs to be made. should parts of it stay and be permanently reefed or go? this is a tricky issue. everybody agrees that there are environmental benefits to it. but some say listen, we're against reefing, regardless of where it is or when it is, because it just encourages the oil companies to drill more. true? >> yeah. well, yes and no. many say it's ocean dumping, you're just leaving the trash. believe it or not, the oil and gas companies don't necessarily want to do this. the scrap value of the steel is
worth way more to bring it in. a lot of concern in the general public is that it's oil and gas and oil and gas doesn't always have the best reputation. look, ocean first. great grandchildren first. if you want an abundant future for the gulf of mexico, it would be an absolute catastrophe to not reef every single one of those rigs you can. >> reporter: for now, big oil's trash is fisher's treasure. finley and her friends will provide data scientists have never had. where gulf sharks are mating, breeding, and traveling. what role artificial reefs play, and what threats are real versus imagined. >> it's kind of crazy to be pioneering this work in 2015. you would have thought it was done a long, long time ago, but it's crucial. we should also be terrified of an ocean with no sharks. if that is the case, there simply will not be fish
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you're supposed to regard the greatest and the tiniest. the lowliest. equally. >> if we could get down and look these species in the eye, really get down low and look them in the eye and you see how lovely they are and how much intelligence there is there. they're telling us something. i mean, they're shouting it to me. >> reporter: for ten years now, our friend, national geographic photographer joel sartori, has made it his life's mission to be their messenger. and he hopes their protector. their noah building a photographic ark. >> this is the ark room we call it. we have 5,002 species in here. all rolling past. at this rate, it would take two hours to see them all. it's supposed to overwhelm people with what life looks like on earth. >> reporter: and what might soon
>> the very last, that's the very last of its kind, of this tree frog. his name is toughy, because he's he's like nine years old at least. when he's gone, that's it. they will be extinct. >> reporter: his photo ark will be at the national geographic museum in washington, d.c. until april. >> this is the northern white rhino that i photographed at the zoo this summer in the czech republic. there were five at the time. this is a very old female, and she died one week to the day after we photographed her. now there are four. this is the pygmy rabbit. that animal has gone extinct. she was very near the end of her life. >> reporter: it has? >> yeah, yeah. you can see her from thor end of the exhibit. we wanted people to be able to see her, come into this room and have the experience of, well, this is what we're talking
about. this is the consequence if we ignore the world around us. this is the consequence of that. >> scientists over the past 500, well, half a billion years. we've seen five mass extinction shuns. you think of volcanos and astroids. scientists describe the current loss of plants and animals as the sixth mass extinction. >> reporter: catherine workman is senior director of national geographic's protecting wildlife initiative. >> we're losing animals at a rate a thousand times the rates of extinction in the past. we have hunting, climate change, habitat loss and the combination of all these changes is really hammering the planet's biodiversity. >> reporter: joel didn't set out to create a photo ark. it began as an act of desperation, when his wife, cathy, was diagnosed with breast cancer and he needed to stay
home in lincoln, nebraska. >> i just thought i need to shoot something. cathy's going to be sick for a long time, and on the days when she felt better through the chemo cycles, i just needed something to shoot. >> reporter: so this world traveler, who shot 35 stories for national geographic -- >> that's what i came here for. >> reporter: including six covers, drove to the lincoln children's zoo a mile from his house and asked if he could photograph the animals. >> they let me take a naked mole rat and put it on a white background and i did a couple of blue and black poison dart frogs, i think. that was 5400 species ago. >> reporter: he's not quite halfway through photographing all 12,000 animal species in captivity, endangered or not.
rest of his life to finish. he's taken pictures at more than 200 zoos in the united states alone. the how-to part can be tricky. >> there he goes. we're just standing here as living fences. >> reporter: wrangling flamingos. not quite like getting your ducks in a row. >> doesn't this look nice? perfect for chimps. >> reporter: on the other hand, success is not always guarantied. >> not a bashful bird. >> reporter: ouch! and there can be hazards. you've heard of angry birds? >> this is like a $6,000 camera.
this bird is the nastiest, most bad-ass bird i've ever had to do. got it, got it, nice. >> reporter: why zoo animals? >> zoos often have the only populations of these animals. >> reporter: he accepts that people fall in love with fuzzy, cute animals. like the fennic fox. these at the st. louis zoo. but he wants us to appreciate the importance of the uncuddly ones. the ones we've never heard of. >> this is often the only voice they'll ever have before they go away. this is their only chance to sing, in a way. >> reporter: his animals have been projected on the empire state building. and at the u.n. soon, they'll be shown on the vatican. >> this has gone extinct, and this.
>> reporter: anywhere he can, as often as he can. joel sartori pleads for their lives. >> this is the best time ever to be alive to save species, because there's so many species that need our help. >> reporter: he hopes his photographs will get people to help, and he likes to hook them young. >> what grade are you guys in? >> fourth. >> we already know that tiger bones are sold as medicine. >> i do take considerate -- comfort in the fact that all is not lost, by any means. in this country, the whooping crane, black footed ferret, the california condor, mexican wolf, all of those animals all got down to two dozen. they're all stable now. not in the best shape but stable. and that just speaks volumes to the fact that people do care, but we have to let them know these animals exist and they're in trouble and what the need is. >> reporter: the ark is his
eye, to look hard. the national museum of african-american history and culture doesn't officially open until next year. but the museum's first exhibit was put on display a little early. jan crawford reports. >> reporter: the building on the national mall may not be ready for visitors, but it proved a fine canvas for the first exhibition at the national museum of african-american history and culture. >> we felt that history couldn't wait. it's important this museum contribute today. >> reporter: this is the museum director. >> all of us, regardless of race, are shaped in profound ways by the african-american experience. our goal is to make sure that we can tell a rich and complicated historyof america. >> reporter: the live event included a musical performance and film to commemorate and celebrate freedom, 150 years of
reaching five stories high. documentary filmmaker stanley nelson produced the display with his wife, marsha smith. >> i think the message is inspiring, that african-american history is all about history, but that it's an inspiring history. it's a history that has ups and downs, but when you take it all together, you know, it tells an incredible story of the american people. >> each of these boxes has a story. >> reporter: the museum had already collected more than 30,000 pieces when we visited curators in a warehouse last year. this will go in a sports ss exhibit? >> yes. >> reporter: there are gold medals from olympian carl lewis,
and even a plane the group used for training ahead of world war ii. triumphs will be celebrated here and a nation's dark past will be remembered. but not every collection has a focus on the past, because history is happening now. >> please keep your hands up. >> reporter: museum curators were in baltimore to document this year's riots following the death of freddie gray while in police custody. amazing grace >> reporter: they were in charleston, too, after a pastor and his bible study group, were all murdered in their house of worship. >> part of the goal is to be about as much as today and tomorrow as it was yesterday. >> reporter: the film concludes with images of the black lives