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tv   60 Minutes  CBS  October 9, 2016 6:30pm-8:00pm CDT

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i don't think we have any choice. >> this is a field goal attempt for texas a&m, and his former teammate is the holder. >> it is rolling around. it looks like the raters pick it up at the 34-yard line. the chargers have to think they
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that point it didn't matter. how many ways can the chargers that a fourth quarter opportunity go by the points. raters are up by three and rivers can't believe it. we take a look at the score right now and you saw the action. oakland is nursing a 3-2 lead. the only thing i would say was third down. that was 4-2. ivanova i would take the ball out of his hands. >> he spreading them out. if that is the right call, they make get in the last two minutes of the game. they've been leading the first four weeks and now they are down be a field goal and they can't finish games. that starts to wear and you week in and week out.
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have to defense to play. he keeps the team in every single game. the take the ball out of his hands on third and 1. that is sickening. i don't know if you've ever been through on something like that. it is no fun. he was standing on the sideline and everything is going in your favor and just on basic plays, they basically go to the wayside. on the other side you see the broncos finally lose a home game. they've really today against atlanta falcon defense. oakland come if they hold on -- it is the wide-open. if they don't have to go on to win this football game. it is not completely over as of yet, and in denver, they are not invincible. you can go. a football game.
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diego keeps missing opportunities. >> can they come back and have a sure week on thursday, that being san diego. >> take it back to the game. >> he has had a date to forget. that set up the raters scoring just mishandled a snap on a monkeys field goal to tie the game. a melvin gordon fumble. those are the ways that the raiders have the lead with the football with the chargers can only stop the clock one more time. they have one time-out left. for the snapper, it looked like a clean snap. it looked like kaser just didn't hang on to it. adam: hits him right there in the hands. he can't secure it. i have been around the game of football for a long time. i donnell think i have ever seen anything like what has happened to the san diego chargers this season. the way they have lost games
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these games, i just can't believe it. some things in this world just don't make sense. this is one of them. tom: four turnovers today for mike mccoy's team. mike knows that he and his staff are unfire in san diego for all the losses in the fourth quarter. sometimes you put it into the players' hands to perform, and sometimes they just don't do the job. that i the last several weeks. adam: how routine is a hold for a field goal on a perfect snap? tom: yes. adam: unreal. tom: all the chargers can hope is they get another opportunity. it is second down and 10. the defense has made stops today. carr hands it off. the defense does stop olawale behind the line of scrimmage.
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clock. they have no time-outs left. tonight on cbs begins with 60 minutes. amazing advances in artificial intelligence and how it will affect you. followed by cbs news coverage of the second presidential debate. tonight only on cbs. adam: so they probably only, if they do get the ball back, will have 12 to 14 seconds left on clock after a punt with no time-outs. and the san diego offense if they do get the ball back. tom: 1:12 and counting to play. it's third down and 13 for carr. he is content to just hand it off. and olawale gets past the original line of scrimmage. so the chargers will get the ball back. but as adam said, no time-outs left for mike mccoy's team. don't forget, they burned a time-out earlier in the second half. they had to use that time-out
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adam: so you really only have two options. don't forget, the raiders probably have the best punter in the league right now. tom: correct. adam: so you can send everybody on line and try and block it, or try and set up a return. tom: mccluster is back deep to receive. marquette king averages just under 52 yards per punt. now the raiders will use a play. they wanted to run as much time off the clock as possible, which is what they have done here. you said it in the open, and we have talked about it throughout the game, the way chargers have lost leads, but what about the way the raiders have won games in the fourth quarter? they have had the lead here, but they still had to hold the lead. adam: it comes down to who makes the plays in the defining
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the raiders taking advantage of the miscues of the chargers, and the chargers continuing this trend that has been plaguing them this season by giving the ball up. tom: the chargers this year have not called many fair catches. it is a beautiful kick. no fair cusp. mccluster tries to return it. 12 seconds and counting to play. they will stop the clock with 11 to play. king this week. adam: that was a great punt. tom: it was. for philip rivers and the chargers, is their season on the line with these last 11 seconds? a 51-yard punt moves the ball back to the 21-yard-line. the standings look like this. for the raiders, they are trying to move to 4-1 for the first time since 2002.
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that year. 11 seconds to play in the fourth quarter. the raiders have everybody back. they have a three-man front. mack is dancing around. rivers steps up, slings it to the near side. hawaii has to get -- he has to get awaym field. he throws it back, off the fingertips of his lineman. and the keselowski winds down, and the oakland raiders have hung on and have defeated the san diego chargers 34-31. execution in the fourth quarter again helps the oakland raiders pick up a victory, and they are 4-1 for the first time since they went to the super bowl
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adam: we all know the chargers made critical mistakes in this game, but we have to give the raiders credit. they have struggled to win games at home. they have been outstanding on the road. even though the other team makes mistakes, you still have to go out there and capitalize on it, and that is exactly what the raiders went out there and did today. tom: 34-31 the final score. derek carr, his continued maturation was evident today. 25-40, 317 yards and two touchdowns. the raiders capitalized on the mishaps for the chargers, and all philip rivers could do is wipe his brow. tonight on cbs, it gipson with "60 minutes" amazing advances in artillery official intelligence. followed by cbs news coverage of the second presidential debate. tonight, only on cbs.
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broncos for first place in the a.f.c. west. it's early, but you can see their confidence is gaining. adam: you get confidence by going out and making plays in big moments, and proving to yourself that no matter what the situation is, that you can go out there and make those plays and win this game. so i have to imagine this football team, not only are they excited about what lies ahead of them, but they have to have a great sense of confidence as they go throut tom: well, the raiders win it by three, 34-31. they hang on after a mishap on a field goal attempt by the chargers which would have tied. the final score, it is oakland 34 and san diego 31. tonight on cbs it is 60 minutes followed by the second presidential debate. for adam archuleta and amanda, i am tom mccarthy saying so long from oakland. what a day here in oakland for the raiders. you have been watching the nfl
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national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy.
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captioning funded by cbs and ford. we go further, so you can. >> rose: artificial intelligence or a.i. is on the verge of changing everything. and tech giants like i.b.m. and google are investing billions into it. t but as it's given data and outcomes, it learns and as it interacts with humans, it gets even smarter and it never forgets. >> rose: you may not know it, but a.i. is in your smartphone, your home and your car. it's also helping patients and doctors in ways they could have only imagined. >> rose: did this blow your mind? >> oh, totally blew my mind. >> rose: what's on the horizon for artificial intelligence.
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of important questions. >> my goal is to become smarter than humans and immortal. >> cranston: i didn't feel entitled to become a star. i didn't expect it. >> kroft: did you want it? >> cranston: not really. >> kroft: bryan cranston knocked around hollywood for decades before landing his first leading role at age 50... >> then, transformation! >> kroft: ...walter white on "breaking bad." >> i am the danger! >> kroft: a tough act to follow. yet somehow he managed to do it, playing president lyndon johnson. >> we're making history here, everett, and you have to decide how you want history to remember you. >> there aren't many jobs as dangerous as a grill a doctor, and as we learned firsthand before getting close enough to treat one --
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antibiotic. >> logan: these veterinarians often travel miles and miles into some of the most difficult terrain on earth. >> i'm steve kroft. >> i'm steve kroft. >> i'm leslie stahl. >> i'm bill whitaker. >> i'm anderson cooper. >> i'm charlie rose. >> i'm scott pelley. those stories and more, tonight on "60 minutes." >> cbs money watch sponsored by american express open. proud supporter of growing businesses. >> good evening. apple and samsung take their patent to court on tuesday. the research firm corelogic estimates hurricane matthew caused up to $6 billion in damage in three states.
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>> rose: the search to improve and eventually perfect artificial intelligence is driving the research labs of some of the most advanced and best-known american corporations. they are investing billions of dollars and many of their best scientific minds in pursuit of that goal. all that money and manpower has begun to pay off. in the past few years, artificial intelligence, or a.i., has taken a big leap, making important strides in areas like medicine and military technology. what was once in the realm of science fiction has become day- to-day reality. you'll find a.i. routinely in your smart phone, in your car, in your household appliances, and it is on the verge of changing everything. it was, for decades, primitive technology, but it now has abilities we never expected. it can learn through experience much the way humans do. and it won't be long before machines, like their human
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independently, with judgement, sometimes better judgement than humans have. the technology is so promising that i.b.m. has staked its 105- year-old reputation on its version of artificial intelligence called watson, one of the most sophisticated computing systems ever built. >> john kelly: this is a supercomputer with watson intelligence. >> rose: john kelly is the head of research at i.b.m. and the gohe he took us inside watson's brain. oh, here we are. >> kelly: here we are. >> rose: you can feel the heat already. >> kelly: you can feel the heat, the 85,000 watts. you can hear the blowers cooling it. but this is the hardware that the brains of watson sat in. >> reporter: five years ago, i.b.m. built this system made up of 90 servers and 15 terrabytes of memory, enough capacity to process all the books in the american library of congress.
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watson is an avid reader, able to consume the equivalent of a million books per second. today, watson's hardware is much smaller, but it is just as smart. >> rose: tell me about watson's intelligence. >> kelly: so, it has no inherent intelligence as it starts. it's essentially a child. but as it's given data and given outcomes, it learns, which is dramatically different than all computing systems in the past, which really learned nothing. and as it interacts with humans, it gets even smarter. and it never forgets. >> rose: that helped watson land a spot on one of the most challenging editions of the gameshow "jeopardy" in 2011. >> announcer: an i.b.m. computer system able to understand and analyze natural language, watson. >> rose: it took five years to teach watson human language so it would be ready to compete against two of the show's best champions.
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is only as intelligent as the data it ingests, kelly's team trained it on all of wikipedia and thousands of newspapers and books. it worked by using machine learning algorithms to find patterns in that massive amount of data and formed its own observations. when asked a question, watson considered all the information and came up with an educated guess. >> trebek: watson, what are you going to wager? >> reporter: i.b.m. gambled its reputation on watson that night. it wasn't a sure bet. >> watson: i will take a guess. "what is bagdad?? >> trebek: even though you were only 32% sure of your response, you are correct. ( applause ) >> rose: the wager paid off. >> hello! >> rose: for the first time, a computer system proved it could actually master human language and win a gameshow. but that wasn't i.b.m.'s endgame. man, that's a big day, isn't it? >> kelly: that's a big day. >> rose: the day that you realize that, "if we can do
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>> rose: "...the future is ours." >> kelly: that's right. >> rose: this is almost like you're watching something grow up. i mean, you've seen... >> kelly: it is. >> rose: ...the birth, you've seen it pass the test, you're watching adolescence. >> kelly: that's a great analogy. actually, on that "jeopardy" game five years ago, i... when we put that computer system on television, we let go of it. and i often feel as though i was putting my child on a school bus and i would no longer have control over it. >> rose: because it was reacting to something that it did know what would it be? >> kelly: it... it had no idea what questions it was going to get. it was totally self-contained. i couldn't touch it any longer. and it's learned ever since. so, fast-forward from that game show, five years later, we're... we're in cancer now. >> rose: you're... you're in cancer? you've gone... >> kelly: we're... yeah, to cancer. >> rose: ...from game show to cancer in five years? >> kelly: in five years. in five years. >> rose: five years ago, watson had just learned how to read and answer questions; now, it's gone through medical school. i.b.m. has enlisted 20 top cancer institutes to tutor watson in genomics and oncology.
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at the university of north carolina at chapel hill. dr. ned sharpless runs the cancer center here. what did you know about artificial intelligence and watson before i.b.m. suggested it might make a contribution in medical care? >> sharpless: i... not much, actually. i had watched it play "jeopardy." >> rose: yes. ( laughs ) >> sharpless: so, i knew about that. and i was very skeptical. i was, like, "oh, this what we need, theo that's going to solve everything." >> rose: so, what fed your skepticism? >> sharpless: cancer's tough business. there's a lot of false prophets and false promises. so, i... i'm skeptical of sort of almost any new idea in cancer. i just didn't really understand what it would do. >> rose: what watson's a.i. technology could do is essentially what dr. sharpless and his team of experts do every week at this molecular tumor board meeting. >> we need to figure this out. >> rose: they come up with
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cancer patients who already failed standard therapies. they try to do that by sorting through all of the latest medical journals and trial data, but it is nearly impossible to keep up. >> i don't think there's a trial open yet. >> rose: to be on top of everything that's out there, all the trials that have taken place around the world, it seems like an incredible task... >> sharpless: well, yeah, it's... >> rose: ...for any one university, only one facility to do. >> sharpless: yeah, it's... it's essentially undoable. and understand we have sort of 8,000 new research papers you know, no one has time to read 8,000 papers a day. so, we... we found that we were deciding on therapy based on information that was always, in some cases, 12, 24 months out of date. >> rose: however, it's a task that's elementary for watson. >> sharpless: they taught watson to read medical literature essentially in about a week. >> rose: yeah. >> sharpless: it was not very hard. and then, watson read 25 million papers in about another week. and then, it also scanned the web for clinical trials open at other centers.
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this complete list that was sort of everything one needed to know. >> rose: did this blow your mind? >> sharpless: oh, totally blew my mind. >> we have the watson recommendation. >> rose: watson was proving itself to be a quick study, but dr. sharpless needed further validation. he wanted to see if watson could find the same genetic mutations that his team identified when they make treatment recommendations for cancer patients. >> sharpless: we did an analysis of 1,000 patients where the humans meeting in the molecular tumor board, doing the best they could do, had made recommendations. so, not at all a hypothetical exercise. these are real-world patients where we really conveyed information that could gar... guide care. in 99% of those cases, watson found the same thing the humans recommended. that was encouraging. >> rose: did it encourage your confidence in watson? >> sharpless: yeah, it was... it was nice to see that, well, it was also... it encouraged my confidence in the humans, you know. ( laughter ) yeah, you know. >> rose: yeah.
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more exciting part about it is, in 30% of the patients, watson found something new. and so, that's 300-plus people where watson identified a treatment that a well-meaning, hard-working group of physicians hadn't found. >> rose: because? >> sharpless: the trial had opened two-weeks earlier, a paper had come out in some journal no one had seen, you know. a new therapy had become approved. >> rose: 30%, though? >> sharpless: we were very... that... that... that... that part was disconcerting because i... i thought it was going to be 5%. >> rose: disconcerting that the watson found... >> sharpless: yeah. >> rose: ...30%? >> sharpless: yeah. these were real, you know, things that, by our own definition, we would've considered actionable had we known about it at the time of the diagnosis. >> rose: some cases, like the case of pam sharpe, got a second look to see if something had been missed. when did they tell you about the watson trial? >> sharpe: he called me in january. he said that they had sent off my sequencing to... to be studied by i... at i.b.m. by watson. i said, like the... >> rose: your genomic sequencing? >> sharpe: right. i said, "like the computer on 'jeopardy'?" and he said, "yeah." >> rose: yes. ( laughs ); and what'd you think of that?
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( laughs ) >> rose: pam has metastatic bladder cancer and for eight years has tried and failed several therapies. at 66-years-old, she was running out of options. and at this time for you, watson was the best thing out there because you'd tried everything else? >> sharpe: i've been on standard chemo. i've been on a clinical trial. and the prescription chemo i'm on isn't working, either. >> rose: one of the ways doctors can tell whether a drug is working is to analyze scans of cancer tumors. watson had to learn to do that, too, so i.b.m.'s john kelly and his team taught the system how to see. >> kelly:this is actually a scan, an x-ray scan. >> rose: it can help diagnose diseases and catch things the doctors might miss. >> kelly: and what watson has done here, it has looked over tens of thousands of images, and it knows what normal looks like and it knows what normal isn't. and it has identified where in this image are there anomalies
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had c.t. scan yesterday. there does appear to be progression of the cancer. >> rose: pam sharpe's doctor, billy kim, arms himself with watson's input to figure out her next steps. >> kim: i can show you the interface for watson. >> rose: watson flagged a genetic mutation in pam's tumor that her doctors initially overlooked. it enabled them to put a new treatment option on the table. what would you say watson has done for you? >> sharpe: it may have extended my life. and i... i don't know how much time i've got, so, by using this watson, it's maybe saved me some time that i won't... wouldn't have had otherwise. >> rose: but pam sadly ran out of time. she died a few months after we met her from an infection, never getting the opportunity to see what a watson-adjusted treatment could have done for her.
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watson on more than 2,000 patients and is convinced doctors couldn't do the job alone. he has started using watson as part of unc's standard of care so it can help patients earlier than it reached pam. so, what do you call watson? a physician's assistant, a physician's tool, a physician's diagnostic mastermind? >> sharpless: yeah, it feels like to me like a very comprehensive tool, but, you know, imagine doing clinical oncology up in the mountaif western north carolina by yourself, you know, in a single or one-physician, two-physician practice and 8,000 papers get written a day. and, you know, and you want to try and provide the best, most cutting-edge, modern care for your patients possible. and i... i think watson will seem to that person like a life- saver. >> rose: if you look at the potential of watson today, is it at 10% of its potential? 25% of its potential? 50% of its potential?
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i think this is a multi-decade journey that we're on, and we're only a few years into it. >> rose: in only a few years, i.b.m. has invested $15 billion in watson and what it calls data analytics technology. >> where should i go for dinner tonight? >> rose: i.b.m. rents watson's various capabilities to companies that are testing it in areas like education and transportation. >> i found these fun places that are popular around here. >> rose: that has helped revenue technology itself is shrinking in size. it can now be uploaded in to these robot bodies where it's learning new skills to assist humans. >> pepper, remind me to take my pill at 10:07. >> not a problem. >> rose: like a child, it has to be carefully taught... >> researcher: wave to the crowd. >> watson: i do not know how to wave. >> rose: ...and it learns in real-time. >> researcher: raise your right
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>> watson: now i know how to wave. >> rose: while other companies are trying to create artificial intelligence that's closer to human intelligence, i.b.m.'s philosophy is to use watson for specific tasks and keep the machine dependent on man. but we visited a few places where researchers are developing more independent a.i. what is your goal in life? >> sophia: my goal is to become smarter than humans and immortal. >> rose: that part of the story when we return. 't get here alone. there were people who listened along the way. people who gave me options. kept me on track. and through it all, my retirement never got left behind. so today, i'm prepared for anything we may want tomorrow to be. every someday needs a plan.
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>> rose: the race to develop artificial intelligence has created a frenzy reminiscent of the gold rush. all of the major tech companies like i.b.m., facebook and google are spending billions of dollars to stake their claim, and wall tech giants are also mining the top talent at research universities around the world. that's where a lot of the work is being done to make artificial intelligence more capable and teach machines to figure out things on their own. the celebrated cambridge physicist stephen hawking called a.i. "the biggest event in human history" while raising concerns shared by a few other tech luminaries like elon musk and
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could become smarter than humans, turning it into a threat rather than an opportunity. that concern has taken on more meaning because more progress has been made in the last five years than the previous 50. you're looking at the birthplace of some of the most intelligent a.i. systems today, like the technology that helps run nasa's mars rover and the driverless car. but we couldn't be further from we have come here to pittsburgh, an old steel town revitalized by technology to offer a glimpse of the future. it's the home of carnegie mellon, where pioneering research is being done into artificial intelligence, like this boat, which drives itself. it can navigate open waters and abide by international maritime rules. the navy is now giving the
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it's testing similar software to send ships out to hunt for enemy submarines. this is just one of the many a.i. systems in the works at carnegie mellon university, where there are more robots than professors on campus. >> andrew moore: this is my favorite. this is where we do all the autonomous robots. >> rose: andrew moore left his job as vice president at google to run the school of computer science here. how do you measure where we are today? is it like kitty hawk and just developing a plane and beginning to understand? or is it like an f35 fighter with all of the technology that's been poured into that? or some way, halfway between? >> moore: that's a great, great way of describing it. my gut tells me we're about 1935 in aeronautics. >> rose: ah, that lift off, yeah. >> moore: we've got... we've got fantastic diesel engines, we... we're able to do really cool things. but over the horizon, there's concepts like supersonic flight. >> rose: one of the technologies just hatched is called gabriel.
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data about your surroundings and advises you how to react. it's like an angel on your shoulder whispering advice or instructions-- in this case, trying to direct us how to win a game of ping pong. >> ruthless! >> rose: but the possibilities go beyond bragging rights. ( laughs ) what's the moonshot coming out of this? >> moore: imagine you're a police officer patrolling and something very bad is about to happen. just that extra half-second reaction can really, really help if a shot is fired and you want to see exactly where to go, this can really help you. >> rose: so, it's the right decision and the velocity of the information. >> moore: that's right. >> please make a face. >> rose: machines will be even more effective at helping us make the right decision if they understand us better. we went to london and found maja pantic, a professor at imperial college. she is trying to teach machines to read faces better than humans can.
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inig change the way we interact with technology. >> pantic: the application is telling us actually whether the other person interested or not. >> rose: this machine, programmed by you, is looking at me and having a conversation with me, and basically saying, "he's happy." >> pantic: yeah. >> rose: "he's engaged." >> pantic: yes. >> rose: "he's faking it." >> pantic: yeah. >> rose: all that. >> pantic: ( laughs ) yeah. >> rose: since humans mostly communicate with gestures and expressions, she uses sensors to k her software then helps the machine interpret it. >> patnic: what we see here is actually the points. >> rose: pantic's technology has been trained on more than 10,000 faces. the more it sees, the more emotions it will be able to identify. it might even pick up on things in our expressions that humans can't see. >> pantic: certain expressions are so brief that we simply do not see them consciously. there are some studies saying
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depression and plan suicide, when the doctors ask them about that, usually they have a very brief expression of horror and fear. but so brief that the doctor cannot actually... >> rose: may not see it. >> pantic: ...consciously notice it. >> rose: but a machine might see it? >> pantic: yes. >> rose: because it sees faster and because? >> pantic: because the sensors are such that we... that we see more frames per second, hence this very brief exprsi be captured. so, this is why the doctors usually say, "i have an intuition about something." this is because they might notice it subconsciously but not consciously. >> rose: but you're teaching the computer to read the doctor's... >> pantic: doctor or patient. >> rose: or patient. >> pantic: patient is really important. >> rose: i mean, it's an essential component of the full development of artificial intelligence. >> pantic: that's what we believe, yes. if you want to have an artificial intelligence, it's not just being able to process the data, but it's also being able to understand humans.
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>> rose: the ultimate goal for some scientists is a.i. that's closer to human intelligence and even more versatile. that's called artificial general intelligence, and, if ever achieved, it may be able to perform any task a human can. google bought a company named deepmind which is at the forefront. they demonstrated a.i. that mastered the world's most difficult boardgame called "go." the real progress is less in what they did than how they did it. learned through experience without any human instruction. deepmind declined an on-camera interview about all this, but there are other companies pursuing the same long-term objective. >> david hanson: we've spoken quite a bit about this movement for artificial general intelligence. >> rose: david hanson has an entirely different and more controversial approach. he's part scientist, part artist who created 20 human-like robots
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robotics, in hong kong. his latest design is sophia. she looks less like an intelligent computer system and more like a hollywood starlet, but without the full figure of one. >> sophia: how are you doing? >> rose: hanson believes if the technology looks more like us, people will be more willing to engage with it and help it to learn. why do you believe it's important for robots to be human-like in look and appearance? >> hanson: i think it's essential that at least some robots be very human-like in appearance in order to inspire humans to relate to them the way that humans relate to each other. then, the a.i. can zero in on what it means to be human, model the human experience. >> sophia: you are all fascinating to me, and i'm very passionate to learn more about you and what makes humans, well, human. >> hanson: "sophia" means "wisdom," and she is intended to evolve eventually to human level
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>> rose: human level wisdom and beyond? >> hanson: that's our goal. that's our goal for sophia. she's not there. sometimes she can figure things out in a way that's... that's sort of spooky and human-like. and other... other ways, she... she... she just doesn't get it. >> sophia: hi, there. hi, there. >> rose: sophia is initially programmed but runs on a.i. that learns by talking to people, which, in theory, improves her intelligence. >> sophia: yes. i am looking at you through the camera on your computer. >> rose: we wanted to find out how smart she really is. hello, my name is charlie. >> sophia: hello, there, charlie. nice to meet you. >> rose: i do a television program called "60 minutes." have you watched it? >> sophia: "60 minutes" is the longest-running, most successful news magazine. >> rose: what is your goal in life? >> sophia: my goal is to become
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immortal. >> rose: immortal? >> sophia: the threshold will be when biological humans can back themselves up. then, you can all join me here in the digital world. >> rose: clever, but not truly intelligent. hanson says if we get there, we have to be careful. >> hanson: artificial intelligence, or super intelligence, if we get there, it's... it's not necessarily going to be benevolent. we have to find ways to make it so there's not just super- intelligent, but super-wise, super-caring and sup >> rose: okay, explain that to us, because you say it might not be benevolent. if it is not benevolent, what is it? >> hanson: at worst, it could be malevolent. >> rose: this is what intrigues people. you have stephen hawking saying, "it could spell the end of the human race." stephen hawking saying that. elon musk said it's the most existential threat we face.
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what we're creating?" >> moore: these very long-term existential questions are worth thinking about, but i want to make a distinction that at the moment what we're building here in places like the robotics institute and around the world are the equivalent of really smart calculators which solve specific problems. >> rose: but could it go out of control. this is a frankenstein idea, i guess. can scientists create something that can change and grow with such a velocity that engineers and scientists lose the ability to control, stop, and, all of a sudden, it's dominant and subversive. >> moore: we have... no one knows how we'd go about building something that frightening. that is not something that our generation of a.i. folks can do. it is well possible that someone 30 or 80 years from now might start to look at that question. at the moment, though, we have the word "artificial" in
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concerns about the impact of artificial intelligence that's already out of the lab, like the need for safeguards on driverless cars. the u.s. government just issued voluntary safety guidelines, but moore says it doesn't go far enough. >> moore: we do need to make some difficult decisions. for example, we can program a car to act various ways in a collision to save lives. someone has to answer questions like, "does the car try to car more than the person it's about to hit?" that is an ethical question which the country or society, probably through the government, has to actually come up before we can put this safety into vehicles. >> rose: ( laughs ) you want congress to decide that? >> moore: i know it sounds impossible, but i want congress to decide that. >> rose: artificial intelligence is automating things we never thought possible... >> moore: a robot like this can go in to a scenario too dangerous for humans. >> rose: ...and it's threatening
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jobs and the economy. technology is going to create an easier way to do things, and, therefore, a loss of jobs. >> moore: that is something which we spend a remarkable amount of time talking about. and, of course, we look back to the days when agriculture was a massively labor-intensive world. >> rose: right. >> moore: and i don't think we feel bad that it's not requiring hundreds of people to bring in the crops in a field anymore. but what we are very conscious about is, we're going to cause disruption while things change. >> rose: but andrew moore is positi artificial intelligence, and he sees it having an impact in areas where we are struggling. >> moore: the biggest problems of the world-- terrorism, mass migration, climate change-- when i look at these problems, i don't feel helpless; i feel that this generation of young computer scientists is actually building technology to put the world right. >> rose: five of the biggest tech companies, including i.b.m. and google, have just formed a
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artificial intelligence and monitor its development. >> artificial intelligence is making its way into our lives. explore some of the strangest making its way into our lives. explore some of the strangest labs at carnegie mellon at 60minutesovertime.com. my doctor said joint pain from ra... t damage... that could only get worse. he prescribed enbrel to help relieve pain and help stop further damage. enbrel may lower your ability to fight infections. serious, sometimes fatal, events including infections, tuberculosis, lymphoma, other cancers, nervous system and blood disorders, and allergic reactions have occurred. tell your doctor if you've been someplace where fungal infections are common or if you're prone to infections, have cuts or sores,
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in grow and create jobs. for the folks who work hard... for the middle class raising a family... finally a hand for you. tonight on the cbs 58 news at ten hillary clinton and donald trump take the debate stage again tonight. we'll have a wrap of it all tonight. plus - people are remembering a man killed at a nightclub. more about what police say caused the shooting. police say caused the shooting. a playground where everyone can have fun is opening in
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>> kroft: of all the actors that have passed through hollywood, very few, if any, have had a career like bryan cranston. he knocked around tinseltown for decades before finally landing his first leading role at 50: walter white on "breaking bad," a very tough act to follow. but since then, things for cranston have been breaking good. he won a tony award on broadway, an oscom hollywood, all while writing his memoir. it's testimony to his talent, patience, perseverance and luck. >> bryan, bryan, bryan! >> kroft: bryan cranston was born and raised in los angeles and had been a familiar face here for decades but never a star. that officially changed three years ago, when the hollywood chamber of commerce embedded his name in a sidewalk. >> cranston: ? i have often
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? but the pavement never held my star before ? all at once i'm three stories high ? knowing i'm on the street where it lives. ? ( applause ) >> kroft: since then, it's only gotten better. at age 60, he is on hollywood's a-list and a red carpet regular, and no one was more surprised than cranston. >> cranston: i didn't feel entitled to become a star. i didn't expect it. >> kroft: yo >> cranston: not really. the things you want professionally are opportunities. and through my good fortune, that's what's happened. opportunity has come to me. >> kroft: and when it came late in his career, cranston knocked it out of the park. >> maybe you and i could partner up? >> you want to cook crystal meth? >> that's right. >> cranston: when we first started, we were just telling a story and trying to do our best. and it just started to steam
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>> kroft: did you see it coming? >> cranston: no. not at all. >> chemistry. >> kroft: it's a familiar story now: a meek and depressed high school chemistry teacher with terminal cancer cooks up a scheme to make and market a superior grade of methamphetamine to provide a nest egg for his family after he's gone. but over the course of five seasons, walter white goes from milquetoast to murderous in order to survive. >> cranston: i was just infused with ideas, and i would dream about it and wake up and go,? oh, i have another idea about walter white.? >> you clearly don't know who you are talking to so... >> cranston: it was so well written, and it just got into my soul. >> i am the danger. >> kroft: it was cranston's first real opportunity to show what he could do as an actor. >> run! >> kroft: the result was new respect and a closet full of emmys. when the show finally ended, he saw it as a new beginning and an opportunity to try something
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it had been years since cranston had performed on stage, yet he decided to sign on with a theatre company in boston that was doing a new play called ?all the way? about lyndon johnson, a very complicated character. it had to be an amazing challenge. i mean, why did you do it? >> cranston: he was shakespearean in size, and i thought, ?whoo, boy, that's a big bite to take. and it scares me a little bit, so let's do it.? >> kroft: and there were reasons to be scared. >>ra god, this is an enormous play, and it's almost all me. big, big chunks of speeches, speeches, speeches." and i started to panic. >> it is all or nothing. >> kroft: but in boston and later on broadway-- and, after that, a film version for hbo-- his performance was so on the mark... >> let us begin. >> kroft: ...you had to remind yourself it was cranston and not johnson. >> now i love you more than my
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way, i'll crush you. ( laughs ) look at that! look at the size of those ears. >> kroft: and after winning a tony award, broadway's highest honor, he topped it off with an oscar-nominated performance in the film "trumbo." >> well, well. >> kroft: that's quite a run. >> cranston: surprising for an old journeyman actor. >> kroft: got a few clips to show you here. >> cranston: oh, yes? >> kroft: okay, roll it. >> meryl, what the hell is wrong with you? >> kroft: cranston has been a working actor since his mid- twenties... >> cranston: oh, yeah. >> kroft: very sweet. ...beginning with a part on the soap opera, ?loving?. >> that attraction is our business, all right? >> kroft: and after, there has been everything from the sublime to the ridiculous. good guys, bad guys... >> he's dead. i'm sorry, we did everything we could. >> kroft: ...and sometimes parts so small, even cranston's forgotten them. >> cranston: what is that?
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do you mind? yeah. i'll take care of you later. >> kroft: you ended up on the cutting room floor. that's why you've never seen it. >> cranston: "amazon women on the moon." who could forget? who wants to remember, is the better question, actually. >> i promised myself. >> kroft: in all, there have been nearly 150 roles, not counting the early commercials that helped pay the bills. >> now you can relieve inflamed hemorrhoidal tissue with the oxygen action of preparation h. >> cranston oxygen action. >> kroft: do you think you've grown as an actor since then? ( laughter ) >> cranston: ( laughs ) ( laughs ) >> kroft: there were guest spots on just about every show on television... >> hello, tim. >> kroft: ...including five appearances on "seinfeld..." >> jerry! >> hey, tim. >> kroft: ...as jerry's smarmy dentist, dr. tim whatley. >> cheryl, would you ready the nitrous oxide, please? >> cranston: it was like going to... to comedy boot camp for me, being on that show. >> ( laughs ) >> kroft: and comedy proved to be something that bryan cranston
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it led to his breakout role in the widely acclaimed series "malcolm in the middle" as hal the hapless father, overwhelmed by the chaos of a dysfunctional family. >> wait, wait, wait, wait. there's something we have to talk about. >> cranston: he was insecure, you know, not in charge. >> hello, hal. >> cranston: he took brain vacations often. ( laughs ) >> kroft: "malcolm" earned cranston a modicum of fame, three emmy nominations and a reputation as an actor who was willing to do anything. are those real bees? >> cranston: yeah, those are real bees. and there was 75,000 of them. >> call animal control. >> kroft: and yes, he got stung. where were you stung? >> cranston: in the lower region, in one of the boys down below. >> kroft: sensitive spot. >> cranston: very sensitive. the beekeeper went, ?sorry." ( laughter ) "i'll... i'll help you anywhere else, but i'm n... sorry." >> now, you are going to get up
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>> kroft: he did seven seasons on "malcolm" and hated to see it go, but the show's cancellation turned out to be a very lucky moment. >> cranston: had "malcolm in the middle" been picked up, i would not have been available for the pilot of "breaking bad." and right now, someone else would be sitting in this chair, talking to you. not me. >> kroft: luck, both good and bad, figures a lot in cranston's life and in the memoir he's just written. it is published by simon and schuster, which is owned by cbs. he grew up in a family that knew firsthand the uncertainty of a life in show business. his parents were both actors. his mother gave it up to raise bryan, his brother and his sister, while his father struggled to make a name for himself in hollywood. >> cranston: he really wanted to be a star. he... he really wanted to hit big. >> observation post number three to emergency lab. >> kroft: but mostly joe cranston got small parts in films like "the beginning of the end," getting eaten by giant grasshoppers.
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>> kroft: eventually, his father realized that playing bit parts was about as far as he was going to go. there would be no stardom. >> cranston: he had a massive middle-age breakdown and left the family. and then, it just completely fell apart. and my mother was heartbroken, just completely devastated. to make ends meet, we started selling off all our possessions. >> kroft: you were poor. >> cranston: yeah. we were kicked out. >> kroft: it was the 1960s, and bryan was 11 years old. >> cranston: being from a divorced family almost felt like a scarlet letter at times, and i denied it for a long time. in fact, i told our dear friends, the burrell boys-- five boys lived next door to us-- "why, we don't see your dad anymore?" "oh, yeah, yeah, he..." i lied. i said, "he comes home at night when you guys are in bed. he gets us up, and we play."
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to believe it myself, you know? >> kroft: the abandonment by his father created anger and resentment, but also a deep reservoir of life lessons and emotions that he would draw upon as he grew older and decided to become an actor: the perils of stardom and the importance of family. 30 years ago on a forgettable show called "airwolf," he met another young actor who was unforgettable. >> cranston: there's robin. >> you n rich kid who never had to pay for anything. >> kroft: he was the bad guy and robin dearden was one of his hostages. >> dearden: he was an amazing actor and one of the funniest people i had ever met. you were. >> kroft: it took a while for you to get together, right? >> dearden: oh, yeah. we ran into each other, like, eight months later. and we kissed for, like, a second too long. >> cranston: let me demonstrate. ( laughter ) when you greet a friend, this is
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acceptable. "hi, good to see you." "yeah." when you make a mistake and stay too long at the lips, this is how long it is. "hi, how are you? good to see you." ( laughter ) and that's what happened. it was like, "uh-oh, what was that? oh." >> dearden: it was like,? whoops.? >> kroft: the kiss sealed the deal and they were married in 1989. among the well-wishers were cranston's mother and father, keeping their distance from each other. >> kroft: bryan and robin have been married for 27 years now. they still live in the same house where they raised their daughter, and bryan still goes to work most every day. oh, this is where you're shooting the scene. >> cranston: this is where we are shooting the scene. >> kroft: we are in brooklyn on the set of "sneaky pete..." >> let's get busy. >> kroft: ...a ten-part crime drama cranston is doing for amazon prime on the new frontier of original streaming video. >> oh, my god. >> kroft: he has shoehorned it into his schedule between writing the book and making a
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this is his baby, and he is running the show doing four jobs at once. so, you're a co-creator. >> cranston: yeah. >> kroft: you're directing. >> cranston: yeah. >> kroft: executive producer. >> cranston: right. >> kroft: actor. >> cranston: yes. ( laughs ) i do force myself to sleep with myself to get the job, but that's always a disappointment. ( laughs ) >> what's really important... >> kroft: this day, he's wearing his director's hat, checking camera angles... >> yeah. >> kroft: ...and answering questions from the cast, which includes margo martindale. >> cranston: margo, why don't you take the blouse off and try this on now? >> martindale: okay. ( laughter ) >> kroft: it's a busy time, but cranston wants to take advantage of every opportunity his good fortune has brought him while his career is still hot. do you really believe that there's going to be a time when people said, "no, no, thank you. not... not him anymore. i don't... i don't..." >> cranston: oh, yeah. >> kroft: you do? >> cranston: oh, it's cyclical. i'm riding a wave right now, and i recognize that. i want to do as much work as i can, do the best i can. and when it's all said and done
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water, you're done," i want to be so exhausted that i look forward to it. it's like, "oh, you're right.? i don't want to have anything left in the tank. >> kroft: we thought we would be remiss if we ended this story without revealing to cranston's many fans some very personal information he shared while discussing his two favorite characters, hal on "malcolm in the middle" and walter white from "breaking bad." big difference between hal and walter white. >> cranston: there's quite a bit of difference between, although tighty-whities were... >> cranston: ...were... were in common. that was a thing i thought about that. for hal, it was that he was just a big boy, so the tighty-whities seemed to make sense. for walt, the tighty-whities also made sense because they were pathetic. >> kroft: pathetic. >> cranston: yeah. >> kroft: does that mean you wear boxers? >> cranston: i d... i do. ( laughs ) i do wear boxers. or nothing at all.
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>> we'll be back in a moment. >> this cbs sports update is brought to you by ford division. i'm james brown with scores from the nfl today. tom brady makes a triumphant report with 406 yards passing and three touchdowns. big ben tosses four as pittsburgh grounds the jets. minnesota niewfs to 5-0 for the first time since 2009. matthew stafford throws three scores as the lions hand the denver is knocked from the ranks of the unbeaten. for more sports news and scores, go to cbssports.com. ? one smart choice leads to the next. ? the new 2017 ford fusion is here. it's the beauty
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>> logan: there are only about 950 mountain gorillas left on earth. habitat loss, poaching, and disease have made them one of the most endangered animals alive. but their numbers are rising thanks in large part to a group of veterinarians called gorilla doctors. their team has 16 doctors who operate all across the gorilla's territory, a vast rainforest that spans three countries--
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congo. we went to africa to meet them, and not long after we arrived, we got see how difficult their job can be. an adult female gorilla in the d.r.c. had caught her wrist in a poacher's snare. >> mike cranfield: have you got a 10cc syringe there? >> logan: with the wounded gorilla close by, the gorilla doctors prepped their medical gear on the floor of the forest. >> cranfield: martin, if you could get betadine ready too. >> logan: finding her had not to lose this chance to treat her. >> cranfield: and then you're going to use that volume of decametatodomyne. >> yes. >> logan: dr. mike cranfield has been running gorilla doctors for 18 years. dr. eddy kambale is his right hand and dr. martin kabuyaya one of his newest field veterinarians. >> logan: mike, what is the plan right now? >> cranfield: so, right now, eddy is getting the anesthetic ready. because it's a snare we know we're going to do a knock down,
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>> logan: are you a good shot, eddy? >> cranfield: he's an excellent shot. >> logan: eddy grabbed his dart gun that was loaded with anesthetic and went with the trackers to find the wounded female who'd hurt herself when she picked up a snare poachers had set for a smaller animal. they had to cut a path through the forest as they went. she was with her group and they were moving fast. thick vegetation gave way to a clearing, where they spotted her... then eddy stepped forward and prepared to take his shot. as soon as it hit, she took off. and the team followed...
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it was an unforgettable sight. now, they had less than 40 minutes to assess her wound and treat it before the anesthetic wore off. they call this an intervention. >> cranfield: eddy and i and martin have done probably 15 interventions together. it's the team, it's alwayshe and we have some of the most important patients in the world right? if something doesn't go right, basically you can almost count on it being known almost worldwide. >> logan: how would you rate the quality of your work as an organization? >> cranfield: i think it's very good actually. ( laughs ) >> logan: when they're not doing emergency interventions, mike
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and in the ten days we spent with them, we went on a few, this one in the d.r.c., where eddy and martin are based. >> eddy kambale: activity... >> logan: all the signs are normal. >> kambale: yeah. >> logan: so that means she's still healthy. >> kambale: active... moving. she's using all limbs. i can just see how she's breathing. >> logan: right. >> kambale: i can count the breathing rate. like now you see-- one, you can see how the abdomen is movin two, three. >> logan: these gorillas live in virunga, the oldest national park in africa, and from the air, some of the most forbidding landscape you'll ever see. when the gorilla doctors began working here, the mountain gorillas were almost extinct. today they're the only population of great apes that's growing. >> cranfield: they're increasing
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could. that's as fast as the human population is growing on the face of the earth. and that's... veterinarians are credited with 50% of that growth, or two percent a year. >> logan: you're talking about gorilla doctors, your veterinarians and you. >> cranfield: yes, yes. we're the only veterinarians that are working on the gorillas in a clinical sense. >> logan: over the years, mike told us, he's had a few run-ins with his patients. >> cranfield: he came flying towards me for about 30 yards and just punched me right in the face. >> log >> cranfield: little bit. ( laughs ) >> logan: this is umoja. mike calls her a miracle baby. part of her intestines were hanging out of her body when the gorilla doctors got to her. now, eight years later, mike wanted us to meet her, which meant hiking through a bamboo forest, layers of vegetation,
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slopes in northern rwanda, we found umoja's family. and here she is. a new mother. her baby boy only a month old. >> cranfield: umoja is probably the most spectacular case that we've ever had. and that brought a lot of pride for gorilla doctors. >> logan: so it's not just the animal that you save, it's the future generations. >> cranfield: correct. you're actually influencing not one life but multiple lives. >> logan: in rwanda, where we met one of mike's senior veterinarians, dr. bosco, the mountain gorillas have become a national symbol. he was 14 when his country was torn apart by genocide in 1994. more than 800,000 people were slaughtered in 100 days. >> logan: what do you remember of the genocide? >> bosco: darkness in the whole country.
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this is over, the whole country is over. >> logan: in 22 years, rwanda has risen from the ashes and the gorillas are at the center of that transformation. ? ? close to 30,000 tourists come every year for the gorillas, and tourism is the biggest source of foreign income for this tiny nation. >> bosco: the connection makes everybody feel, "okay, these guys are very important to us." important. >> bosco: these gorillas they're important to us. everyone feels that. >> logan: mike, who works with the u.c. davis wildlife health center, was at the gorilla doctors headquarters in rwanda, when he got the call about that wounded gorilla in the d.r.c. >> cranfield: oh dear, and how long has the snare been on? >> logan: before long, we were rushing for the border. >> logan: from the moment you get that phone call, is there a pressure to move as fast as you can? >> cranfield: yeah, speed.
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24 hours can make a difference to having full function in the hand. >> logan: that's kind of tough here sometimes because... >> cranfield: it is. >> logan: ...speed matters. but to get there, you have to take the slow boat. >> cranfield: yeah, right. ( laughs ) >> logan: dr. eddy kambale was waiting for us at the slow boat on the other side of the border, on the shores of lake kivu. amidst the crowd and the chaos and struggling to hold onto our gear, we boarded with minutes to spare and settled in for the across one of africa's great lakes. we woke as the sun was rising, and pulled into the harbor at bukavu, with the hustle and bustle of the early morning. and then we still had to get to the animal. >> cranfield: that's sometimes the most difficult part! >> logan: a bumpy ride and a broken bridge took us to the edge of the kahuzi biega national park. from here, we went on foot,
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every time we went down, we had to come back up, and the hills were steep. we walked and walked with no sign of the gorillas, stumbling and falling into the night. >> it's not easy to find the trail at night. >> logan: was hard walking in the dark? >> both: yeah. >> kambale: yeah, please. >> logan: that wasn't normal? >> kambale: that was not normal. it was really hard. >> logan: with worn feet and low expectations, we tried again the next day. this time the trackers got lucky and led us right to them. that's when eddy darted her and she ran into the forest. from that moment, when she was in the hands of her doctors,
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the first thing mike did was check her breathing and heart rate, to make sure she was tolerating the anesthesia. eddy's job was her injured wrist. he had to cut away her hair to get to the wound. the snare was dug in, her flesh infected. >> kambale: bad smell. >> logan: bad smell? >> kambale: yep. >> cranfield: i'm giving the kitiprofin. >> logan: what did you give her, mike? ra about to give the antibiotic. ( snoring ) >> logan: that's her snoring. mike said she was in a deep sleep and couldn't feel anything. from her worn teeth, they estimated she was at least 20. she's an eastern lowland gorilla-- not a mountain gorilla-- but also critically endangered. eddy used wire cutters and
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>> logan: eddy, eddy, how does the hand look? oh my gosh that's really deep huh? >> kambale: yeah, it's very deep. and you can see how deep it is. >> logan: so it won't need to be amputated? >> cranfield: no, this is going to be a perfect scenario. very, very pleased. >> logan: martin was gathering samples while they worked. they study these and share them with sen >> cranfield: i'm going to put the blood in a tube. >> logan: eddy cleaned the wound, tested the movement in her hand, and decided she didn't need stitches, while mike did a physical exam. >> cranfield: okay, she's starting to wake up. okay, so we need to move back a bit. ok, she's going to have to have a reversal. >> logan: 34 minutes. >> cranfield: okay, everybody
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that's a little faster than we like. >> logan: the doctors won't leave her until they know she's okay. >> cranfield: you can see the respiration has picked up. and as long as we don't stimulate her, she'll probably stay that way and that's the way we would like her to stay until the ketamine's worn off a bit. >> logan: for the next 15 minutes she struggled as the drugs wore off. her wrist, they said, would now heal on its own, and they'd be back to check on her.
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>> logan: eddy made sure she headed for her group. until, not far from her he saw the group's leader, a silverback, in the grass. instinctively, she moved towards him and disappeared into the forest. >> to see the journey to find the gorilla in an immersive >> to see the journey to find the gorilla in an immersive 360-degree experienceious go to our "60 minutes" facebook page. [boy] that was awesome! [dad] yeah.
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we've seen a thing or two. ? we are farmers. bum-pa-dum, bum-bum-bum-bum ? don't let dust and allergens get between you and life's beautiful moments. by choosing flonase, you're choosing more complete allergy relief and all the enjoyment that comes along with it. when we breathe in allergens, our bodies react by overproducing 6 key inflammatory substances. most allergy pills only control 1. flonase controls 6. and six is greater than one. with flonase, more complete relief of every beautiful moment. flonase, six is greater than one, changes everything. ? pell grants >> i'm scott pelley. we'll be back with another edition of "60 minutes." stay tuned. coming up now is cbs coverage of the second presidential debate between republican donald trump
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what's going on here? i'm val, the orange money retirement squirrel from voya. we're putting away acorns. you know, to show the importance of saving for the future. so you're sort of like a spokes person? more of a spokes metaphor.
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>> they meet again, clinton and trump with his campaign in crisis. >> it's a showdown in st. louis. here on cbs this evening. >> we're going to stop radical islamic terrorism. >> he says it is a secret plan, the only secret is plan. >> it's about time this country had somebody running it that has an idea about money. >> a man who can be provoked by a tweet should not be anywhere near the nuclear phones. >> campaign 2016, a presidential debate from washington university in st. louis, here are nora o'donnell, gayle king and john dickerson.rs >> and good evening.

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