tv BBC World News America PBS May 1, 2012 6:00pm-6:30pm EDT
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america reporting from washington. one year from osama bin ladin stead, president obama makes a surprise visit to afghanistan. ripping into rupert murdoch, he is declared not fit to lead a major company. cu mopyveoccupy movement.eoc in new york, the activists are having an impact. welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and around the globe. president obama has marked the anniversary of the killing of osama bin ladin with a surprise visit to afghanistan.
he announced -- he arrived unannounced under the cover of darkness. he then signed an agreement about the role of combat troops after their withdrawal. >> a dramatic appearance. the americanme president of rid. -- arrives. president obama left the air base and went to the presidential palace. he discussed america's continued role in the fight against global terror. >> i have come to afghanistan to mark an historic moment for
our nation's. i am here to a firm the bonds between our countries, to thank american men and women who have sacrificed so much in these last 10 years. in order to ensure peace and .rosperity for our nation's president obama sends a message he hopes of america's enduring commitment that the international community 80 will not abandon this country when the fighting is over. -- will not abandon this country and the fighting is over. it has been a rough few months for america with afghanistan working as partners.
despite this evening's agreement, this is an uneasy partnership. call >> what is that involvement actually going to remain? >> number one, i think this always was the plan. the notion that we would be there just for a short time, meaning a decade, because changing the afghanistan on the ground is going to take decades, not just one. i think the plan always was to increase the level and then try to turn responsibility over to
the afghan army and police and then reduce our presence so that we could have a prevention force, a counter-terrorism force that would prevent a resurgence of al qaeda and the taliban and also discourage pakistan coming over into afghanistan. this has been the plan. the next decade or more, it is likelier to see american troops or some combination of american or allied forces. >> we do not know exactly how many troops. to what extent is signing this agreement today that the president has just signed with hamid karzai sending a message to the taliban and sending a message to the pakastani, we are here for awhile? >> and sending a message to the american people that we have made a commitment. i assume that is going to be controversial at home as well. there is a tremendous pressure saying come back to america. >> 52% of americans now do not
support the war. >> exactly. the question becomes -- and this is where bipartisan really becomes important -- is there a bipartisan coalition that will persuade the american people it is important for our long time security to have our remaining force in afghanistan? >> what impact can a few thousand troops -- because let's face it, that is what is going to be -- what impact can they really have on, for example, the taliban knees and the pakastani is coming across the border and trying to destabilize the country? >> that is why we have the use of drums. not a lot of people on the ground. maybe a few people on the ground being spotters' or providing intelligence but yet have a major impact in interesting terrorist activities in the united states and elsewhere. you can have a smaller -- interrupting terrorist activities in the united states and elsewhere. you can have a smaller force
have a larger impact than having a massive show on the ground, which can, in fact, be counterproductive. >> on the anniversary of the killing of osama bin ladin, how much safer do you think america and the west is today from the threat of islamic terrorism? >> i think we are safer, not yet safe. i think we will never be safe as long as individuals have access to technology and are allowed to travel internationally annualize that technology. i think we have to be -- and utilize that technology. i think we have to be a resilient nation. i think we have a long twilight struggle against terrorism. i think we have to be prepared for a lifetime of individuals having access and the capability to inflict damage. >> thank you for coming. >> a reminder that terrorism can come in many guises here in
america to night -- guises. here in america tonight, five men described as anarchists have been arrested after planning to blow up a bridge in ohio. they planted what they believed was a bomb and then tried to set it off. they were sold dud explosives and there was no threat to the public. the bridge was just south of the city of cleveland. rupert murdoch's not fit to run an international company. that was the scathing report from a group of british rule makers today. the parliamentary select committee found that murdoch's company misled parliament about this telephone hacking at one of his newspapers. the finding was less than unanimous and news corp. has shot back a statement calling some of the committee's language "unjustified and harley -- and justified and highly partisan." >> rupert murdoch, until recently seen as the world's
most powerful media mogul today declared not fit to run an international business because the minister yd he an his colleagues turned a blind eye for years to phone hacking by journalists at the news of the world. >> everybody in the world knows who is responsible for the wrongdoing in news corp., rupert murdoch. more than any individual alive, he is to blame. morley, the deeds are his. he paid the piper and he caught all to the tin. >> the committee was even more damning about three of murdoch's colleagues. the former editor of news of the world come at the lead and affairs manager of the british newspaper and for decades mr. murdoch's right hand man. all accused of saying hacking was limited to the work of a single row reporter. all are facing the possibility that the whole house of commons may find them guilty of
contempt. today in new york, he is still an editor for another organization. he in the two others have all rejected the damning verdict. it was a disclosure last year that the news of the world hacked the fun of a murdered teenager -- phone of a murder teenager that turned the story into one of national importance. the concern the people's privacy has been invaded by phone hacking has grown and grown. >> we used to not ever criticized murdoch or the press. to see this report has come as a bit of a shock. i thought, is it too much? has it gone too far? and then i thought, no, it has not. i think rupert murdoch has a lot of questions to answer. he has a lot to answer for and i think he is for the first time being held to account. >> what will be the impact of the verdict that rupert murdoch is not fit to run an international company?
well, here i have just heard a committee say they voted against that verdict. any suggestion that this is a political judgment and not a dispassionate one, well, that could undermine it. >> the issue on which no conservative member felt they could support the report itself was the line in the middle that said mr. murdoch was not fish to run an -- fit to run an international company. >> it has lost a great deal of its credibility which is an enormous shame. >> news corp sees the verdict on mr. murdoch as unjustified and hardly -- highly partisan. in an e-mail, mr. murdoch said, "i recognize that for all of us, and myself in particular, it is difficult to read many of the report's findings, but we have done the most difficult part,
which is to take a long on this look at our mistakes." the big and expensive question for mr. murdoch is whether these mistakes will make it more likely that the media regulators will rule that b-sky-b is still unfit to hold a broadcaster's license. the news of the world scandal still making news, still shaking the sprawling media empire of james and rupert murdoch. >> although the select committee vote was partisan, remember the labor politicians have had just as close ties to rupert murdoch as conservative politicians. in other news around the world, the libyan government has officially challenged the international criminal courts right to challenge muammar gaddafi son for war crimes. an arrest warrant was issued for
him on charges of murdering and persecuting civilians. in the latest date of his landmark visit to burma, u.n. secretary general dunky m d se sainguuauan m m s praised aung san suu kyi for backing away -- banga keyman praised aung san suu kyi -- ban ki moon praised aung san suu kyi. a judge has rejected dominicks foxconn's claim of diplomatic immunity. -- dominique strauss-kahn's claim of diplomatic immunity. secretary of state hillary clinton is now in beijing. a diplomat is in the eye of a storm. he escaped house arrest last week. neither side wants this issue to destroy strategic and economic talks. but can they keep it off the
table? >> surrounded by chinese security and fortress-like, the u.s. embassy in beijing, now at the center of a crisis. this man is believed to be sheltering an american diplomat after his dramatic escape from seven years of captivity last week. once free, he issued a direct challenge to china's leaders to punish those responsible for illegally detaining and beating him -- illegally detaining and beating him. it is a major embarrassment for him. his wife and daughter are still being held, intimidated as they have been for years, by local thugs hired by communist party chiefs. he suffered abuses for reporting forced abortions in his area. we were blocked the entrance of the village. there were real concerned his family are facing reprisals.
a lawyer told us he feared for the life of his nephew, who is being tailed by authorities and was terrified. shortly after this interview, the lawyer too was pressured by police to stop representing the family. as the bbc left the area, we were also followed by this silver car. senior u.s. diplomats have been arriving in beijing. intense negotiations are said to be under way. even president obama, rarely lost for words, has been evasive. >> i am aware of the press reports on the situation in china but i am not going to make a statement on the issue. >> hillary clinton is now lkvel talks -- talks with china's leaders which could be derailed if this crisis is not resolved. but that may not be simple. just after his escape, he met another human rights activist
and said he does not want to leave china. in recent years, he had already become a symbol of human rights abuses here. forcing him into exile now be the best solution for china's leaders. if he does not want to go, this could become a drawn-out crisis. bbc news, beijing. >> you are watching bbc news america. down to the wire, just days before the french election, the candidate for fighting it out to the very end. in marly, rowling hunt the soldiers have overrun the barracks of the -- ruling junta soldiers have overrun the barracks of the old guard. >> vehicles turning back in the streets as the city remained tense. there were further outbreaks of shootings today after the attempted countercoup.
>> we spent a sleepless night shooting of people. people are dying. stray bullets are killing people. this morning the tanks stood outside the state headquarters of the television. there were few people on the streets. uncertainty continued about how and when the fighting would end. imitating the gunfire he had heard, this man said he had seen soldiers of the presidential guard shooting. as it all began, forces loyal to the junta that seized power in march tried to arrest the head of the presidential guard. under the cover of darkness last night, they attacked the tv station, the airport and a military base.
but earlier today, soldiers loyal to the coup leader appeared on state television saying they still held these key locations. the tv showed weapons and ammunition supposedly belonging to captured troops. they suggested there had been foreign backing for the counter to. it demonstrated how volatile al the area continues to be even though coup leaders have officially handed over power to the interim government. >> in france, president sarkozy is fighting for his political life ahead of this weekend's poll. today, his chances for reelection were dealt a blow by the leader of the far right, marine le pen. she drew more than 6 million votes in the first round, but
she said she will not vote for mr. sarkozy or his opponent in the final round on sunday. we report from paris. >> the french far right leader is at the center of attention. in at the first round of elections, over 6 million people voted for her. she had promised that on a day she would advise her supporters had to vote on sunday's decisive round. whether to back president sarkozy or the socialist candidate, francois hollande. president sarkozy will need many of these votes from the far right if he is to make it into the palace for a second term. in recent days, he has been seen sang several things normally associated with the far right. despite his frequent attacks on immigration, these voters aren't convinced. >> he has the same attitude had
five years ago. he is saying whatever marine le pen is saying to have our votes. >> this woman had voted for president sarkozy in the past but said he had failed to live up to his promise. in the event, marine le pen refused to endorse either candidate, a setback for president sarkozy. >> i do not trust either of the candidates. one wants the right to win. the other the left. but they have both contributed toward france's failure of the years. sunday, i will cast a blank the. >> across the city, a huge crowd turned out for president sarkozy. he turned his fire on the unions and the left, saying they stood in the way of change. >> look at what is going on in countries that do not make the necessary changes.
look at what is happening in greece, in spain. we do not want that happening in france. >> but his opponent francois hollande remains ahead in the polls and has this criticism of his agenda. >> the main issue is unemployment. >> francois hollande has promised to make growth, rather than austerity, his priority. tonight there will be a tv debate between the candidates. perhaps president sarkozy's last chance to reduce francois hollande's lead in the polls. >> marine le pen holding strong cards there in the french election. we will bring you the results of those polls on sunday. across europe and the world,
mayday was turned into a day of protest. italian protesters clashed in the streets as thousands marched to hear union leaders denouncing the government's austerity program. spanish protesters put out a similar message, pointing out that two years of spending cuts and tax hikes have put one in four out of work and push the country into deeper recession. in new york, occupy protesters also took to the streets, holding simultaneous demonstrations outside a number of high-profile corporations. by midmorning, activists were gathered at bryant park for an encampment reminiscent of the movement's early days. occupy activists have been trying to find new ways to continue their protests. in manhattan, they have turned to art to make themselves heard. every night the streets of the city become a venue for cultural warfare. paul mason reports.
>> new york, the center of the global our world. since last october, it has been at the center of something else, they occupy movement. whether the protests leave a lasting impact on america's politics, what is for certain is they are already impacting its art and culture. >> 99% in black on white circle. it reads as a basketball, culturally legible. instead of a super hero millionaire psychopathic millionaire bruce wayne, it is a 99% coming to save itself. we are our own super hero. that is the part i really think is rich. >> meet the eliminators. mission: to project slogans on two buildings from a van. with these tools in a matter of
months they have created a brand more successful than any actual brands. but is a performance art or is it activism? for a generation of artists in occupied, that is a stupid question? >> is designed to be shared. it is designed to be made widely available. >> in the occupy movement, the poster is where the white walls gallery meets the black blot, where fine art meets street art. >> what i keep i did to my generation was taught us outside of ourselves -- occupied did to my generation was tests outside ourselves. in it is engage with real people and the outside world. i am not just producing a cool, pretty image that decorates things. i am producing a functional and persuasive piece of work that is going to be read pasted on buildings and held up by demonstrators.
>> since they were expelled from the original camp, the occupiers have been playing cat and mouse with the nypd nightly. there is always an element of performance with the protest. as a real police moved in, so do actors playing a spoof police force. >> you do not have any money to pay as. >> night after night, they'd turn new york into a venue for the culture war. artistic, today's rebel is tomorrows by in the academy, but at least with this rebels cannot call athem without a cause. >> paul mace and reporting from manhattan. whenever you think of the occupied movement, you have to admit that the art is pretty cool. a quick reminder of our top stories. president obama has made a
surprise visit to afghanistan. jordan after arriving, he signed an agreement cementing -- shortly after arriving, he signed an agreement cementing the u.s. commitment after combat troops leave. mr. obama trip comes a year to the day after the raid that killed osama bin ladin. the reason america is safe is because of view, he told the troops. president obama flew in in the dead of night and announced. that brings today's show to a close. you can find updates anytime you like on our website. if you'd like to reach me and most of the bbc team, you can find us on twitter. find us on twitter. >> make sense of international
news at bbc.com/news. >> funding was made possible by -- the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, an >> at union bank, our relationship managers use their expertise in global finance to guide you through the business strategies and opportunities of international commerce. we put our extended, global network to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.