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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  June 28, 2012 6:00pm-6:30pm EDT

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>> this is "bbc world news." funding for this presentation is made possible by the friedman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to know your business, offering specialized solutions and capital to help you grow your business. we offer expertise and tailored
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solutions for small businesses and major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america." a supreme ruling on president obama's health care law. the high court finds it constitutional, but the political fight is far from over. >> today's decision was a victory for people all over this country whose lives will be more secure because of this law. >> our mission is clear -- if we want to get rid of obamacare, we will have to replace president obama. >> the latest banking scandal hits barclays, with the fallout that need to stretch worldwide.
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welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and around the globe. it has been the most highly anticipated u.s. supreme court decision in years, and today, the justices ruled that president obama's overhaul of the health care system is constitutional. in the 5-4 decision, they settled the legal argument, but as our north american editor reports, the political battle is now running harder than ever. >> it is not the usual scene outside the supreme court. it felt as though the conable had come to town. supporters waited for the supreme court's most in judgment -- important judgment in years. for weeks, washington had been of god, expecting the court to
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humiliate the president and strike down universal health care, but then journalist race each other down the steps with a surprise ruling -- the law could stand. one awhile, giving all americans health care had long been their dream. >> we can start building the american health care system that all of us rightly deserve. >> huge. the premium right now is $850 a month. i get no coverage. >> the president's day suddenly seems much brighter. >> i know a lot of coverage has focused on what it means politically. well, it should be pretty clear right now that it -- that i did not do this because it was good politics. i did it because i believed it was good for the country. i did it because i believed it was good for the american people. >> this comes from up -- as a huge relief and perhaps a bit of a surprise to president obama. had the courts struck down his signature legislation, it would have been a massive humiliation,
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but now, it becomes a burning hot election issue. republicans hate the idea of forcing americans to take out health insurance. they are fired up, knowing the only way they can stop the law is by defeating the president. >> we are not going to give up. we're going to fight. we are going to get rid of him in 2012 and everybody else who voted for this health care bill appeared >> polls suggest most americans want the law repealed. >> with the court did not do on its last day in session i will do on my first day if elected president of the united states. that is -- i will act to repeal obamacare. >> this election is a fight over two different visions of america. health care will be a critical battleground. >> for more on the fallout from today's decision, i am joined by a senior correspondent for time. thank you very much for coming in.
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you heard mark saying that this is going to be a huge issue in the election, but just how much of an issue? >> i think it is somewhat to be determined. in reality, the number one issue for voters overwhelmingly is the economy. i saw a poll from a couple of months ago in which i think about 7% of american voters said health care was their top issue. all the discussion around the world raise those numbers, lifted it up, and i think the two sides will fight it up pretty hard, but i still think this will be an election on the economy. >> nevertheless, this has given mitt romney a clear, defining issue to rally his base around. do you think he will be able to gain some kind of support as a result of this? >> i do. i think this is a nice way -- if there's a silver lining, i think it is a negative for him, but if there's a silver lining, he needs to excite the conservative republican race. conservatives have never trusted him, in large part because of the health care mandate he
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helped usher into law when he was governor of massachusetts. this is a nice a rallying cry for voters, for him to pick up an issue that really makes their blood boil. as will be an opportunity for him to connect with his conservative base, i think. >> on the other side of that coin, do you think president obama can translate his victory into a long-term victory in november? >> i think so. it would have been a setback for him to have had his signature achievement deemed unconstitutional, and mitt romney was already saying that that had happened, his first term will largelve been a waste. he would have wasted all this time when he could have been doing other things, trying to do more to fix the economy. i really think that obama still seals -- sees that they have got to get to the economy. they do not want voters to think that they are bogged down on the issue. that they do not talk about anything else. >> the economy still is the
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issue for voters, but has public opinion evolve on health care? some parts of the legislation are very popular like being able to get insurance for pre- existing conditions and being able to ensure young adults. data that is right. we short and when we talk about public opinion, but there are different components people have different opinions about peary the mandate has always been one of the less popular parts, but i think you might see: change. what happened -- when the law was passed, it was an ugly, messy process. the complainers out number the cheerleaders, and even the cheerleaders were not that happy at the end of the day. a lot of liberals felt i did not go far enough. some dissatisfaction as liberals who say it is not good enough, but especially in the middle, independent voters have not like this. i think that could change now. we have this stamp of legitimacy that has come from the supreme court and a chief justice who was a republican appointee. >> can you explain to me very briefly -- many of our viewers, particularly in europe -- what
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is wrong with socialized medicine? if you live in a country that has it. it is not a problem. why do americans take -- hate it so much? >> a difficult for a phenomenon in america that socialism is a dirty word. i think it is a residue of anti-communism in america, and there's a sense that those european medical systems do not give you the best and fastest care, and that is probably not true, but it was a lot -- it is what a lot of americans believe. >> that as a whole other debate. in one more u.s. political mode, the house of representatives has just voted to hold attorney- general eric holder in contempt of congress. republicans pushed the action after they claim holder failed to turn over documents in a bumbled begun tracking operation. holder responded by saying they are reckless charges not supported by facts. banking scandals are all too
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familiar, and now, there is another which could have a big impact on both sides of the atlantic. major financial institutions from america to europe are being investigated as details of a rate-fixing scandal at barclays come to light, but the chief executive of the bank is saying tonight you will not resign, and there is no evidence senior management knew what was going on. our business editor reports. >> weighing the cost of the city and barclays, about the worst ever abuse of trust by a big british bank. the bank's chief executive saying he will not resign on the day that barclays share price plummeted an astonishing 15.5%. the city of london has been shaken, and it is the men and a bit of reducing the shaking. >> it is clear that what happened in barclays and potentially other banks was completely unacceptable, was systematic of a financial system that elevated read above all
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other concerns and brought our economy to its knees. >> in brussels, the prime minister made clear that he had to answer for what went wrong. >> i am determine we learn all the lessons from what has happened at barclays. as i said already today, people have to take responsibility for the actions. >> drive, he accepted a last- minute invitation from one of the world's most influential investment banks, america's morgan stanley, to explain himself. he told them he would not be resigning. >> you understand what people do not think you are suitable to be running one of the biggest banking institutions in the country. >> this evening, he wrote saying he would be happy to go back and explain how barclays had attempted to manipulate a crucial interest rate. in his letter, he distanced himself from the wrongdoing. he said his i
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conduct was limited to a small number of people. authorities found no evidence that anyone more senior than the immediate desk supervisors was aware of the request by traders at the time that they were made. big investors tell me that he has a fight on his hands to keep his job. and they want what they call a big cultural change at the bank to clean it up, and they may demand the appointment of a new chairman. across the world, almost 20 banks have been probed for possible involvement in reading interest rates, including lloyds, hsbc, and royal bank of scotland. their share prices fell sharply with our bs down 11%. why? >> not just here but in the u.s. adding all those potential costs, we could easily get to several billion dollars account
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for the u.k. banks. bamut a huge price being paid by barclays -- the massive legal cost it faces. these will not kill the banks, but banks look after our precious money, so they need to be trusted, which is why barclays needs to demonstrate that the flagrant flouting of the rules by bankers can never happen again. barclays has been disciplining the traders who tried to rig the market. not enough, says the leader of labor. >> i do want to seek criminal prosecution, and i do want to see those who have done the wrong thing, those who have committed what i think are atrocious acts, brought to justice. >> bad news for our banks. tomorrow, they will be chastised by the city regulator for imperiling small companies by selling them unsuitable products. >> as the banking sector is sent through another look in brussels, another european
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summit has opened to forge a way forward for the eurozone. the to the forever won the seeing eye to eye. angela merkel opposes the cooling of debt and wants to strengthen the powers of the you while france's president, francois hollande, wants to share the burden of debt without the addition power. a brief time ago, i spoke to our europe editor at the summit to help make sense of it all. and the people are saying they have met here 19 or 20 times since the crisis began, and there is certainly a lot of tension. the focus is on italy and spain because of their high borrowing costs, and indeed, the spanish prime minister came out and said there are now some spanish institutions that can no longer finance themselves, but when the leaders arrived, it was clear to see the visions of the french president saying we must show solidarity with these countries, help them with their debt. on the other hand, there were other people was message to spain and italy was -- there is no such thing as a free lunch. but central to all of this, of
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course, is germany. pressure very much on angela merkel, and she has said there is no point in sharing or pulling debt. what needs to happen first is for european tight control of national budgets. what i am hearing is that there is some discussion about whether they can use the eu's main bailout fund more flexibly, but all of this we will have to see, and the judgment will come in the markets, and whether what is decided here brings down the borrowing costs of italy and spain. >> angela merkel does seem to be becoming more and more isolated. what does she mean by greater political integration, and why are the other countries so adamantly against it? >> she is not totally isolated, and that would give the wrong impression. there are countries like finland, the netherlands, and austria who are very much on the side with her, but her view is that it is all about sequencing. what she does not want to see is
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an agreement to have, for instance, a joint liability over death before these countries have really been put in a position where she has said in the that loans will be repaid and that they will live within their means. so what she is pushing for, first of all, is greater economic integration and, indeed, political union. only when she has that in place is she willing to discuss the idea that perhaps there could be some joint liability for debt. on the other hand, the french take an entirely different view. they say -- let's get on with it. let's have more solidarity now. let's help these countries who are in trouble, and maybe later on, they will agree to a greater transfer of sovereignty from their country to brussels. >> thank you very much for joining us. in other news now, the south american foreign ministers are in argentina to decide whether economic sanctions would be imposed on paraguay over the impeachment of the president.
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regional leaders have condemned a vote against paraguay's first left-wing president, describing it as a parliamentary coup by the new president. the international criminal court for the former yugoslavia has acquitted the bosnian war crimes suspect of one of data we would charges of genocide. however, he still faces prosecution over his alleged involvement in the massacre of 8000 muslim men and boys. president obama is in an area of the western united states devastated by wildfires. the situation is worse in colorado where flames have reached the outskirts of its second largest cities -- second- largest city. more than 30,000 people have been evacuated. authorities in china are cracking down on anyone trying to stir unrest.
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right and clashes with police appeared rose been sparked by complaints of police brutality. about 30 people were injured in trouble in the manufacturing town. the bbc has been there and filed this report. >> the sheer force of numbers. hundreds of police brought in to quell a simmering tense town with a large population of migrant workers. digital we are not of rioting were sparked by allegations of police brutality, and up to 100 people may have been injured in the trouble. more serious than most, but just one example of the dozens of daily cases of civil unrest and protest that china does not want the world the sea. journalists are rarely allowed access into the search terms of
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blocks, and decides people are often too nervous to speak out. "i'm not too sure what happened," this man says. many people have simply chosen to stay inside for fear of further violence, and almost every shop on every street has had its shutters down, closed for business all day, and as we move through this town, we are having to stick to these back streets, only film in the riot police from a distance because it is a near certain bet that were they to see us, they would stop us. cheap migrant labor has fuel china's economic boom, but tougher times are putting pressure on wages. calm has been restored here, but it is unlikely to be too long before the country's restless factory heartlands feel the law again. >> you are watching bbc world news america. still to come on tonight's program, a british lawmaker who doubles as a spy. the shocking story now uncovered
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by the bbc. we will tell you who he was passing secrets to. the violence in syria continues to escalate. state television says a car bomb planted in the palace of justice in damascus injured three people appeared in a television interview, president assad dismissed the idea of any outside solution to the crisis inside his country, but his statement comes as turkey deployed anti-aircraft guns on the syrian border. >> heading for the border, sending sophisticated anti- aircraft missiles appear the most sensitive locations along its share of fraught with syria. under the new rules of engagement, they will treat any syrian forces approaching the border as house file, and they are allowed to target them if necessary. we have not yet abandoned the search for the pilots shot down by syria on friday.
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but they must now be presumed to be dead. it was an action that turkey insists was wholly unjustified. the prime minister has toughened an already harsh stance toward syria, describing it now as a clear threat to turkey. but for all the bellicose posturing, turkey does not want to get dragged into a hot confrontation with syria. instead, it will be hoping that saturday's planned meeting convened by kofi annan will produce a diplomatic breakthrough. is proposing an interim government for syria, the start of a political transition, but everythingependsol on russia's support. so far, that is not certain. this is already a tense and militarized border. an increasingly porous conduit for refugees and insurgents, steeped in plots and injury. until now, turkish and syrian troops had taken great care to avoid coming to blows.
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they may not be so careful in future. >> listen to this -- a british government minister working as a spy for czechoslovakia during the cold war. sounds like the script for a television drama, but it is actually a true story just under its by the bbc. a former member of parliament, was passed does not come to light, and the bbc pose a security correspondent has the details. >> he was an unusual mp, a working-class trade unionists as politics were of the right. here he is speaking out against legalizing homosexuality. >> most of the people involved in secret cases have been found to be male homosexuals. >> and yet, he himself was the security risk. files found by the bbc in prague show he was passing information
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to czechoslovak spies for a decade. we have known before the some labor mp's had worked as communist spies, but this is the for some we have known that a conservative and he, a minister even, had done the same. what kind of information did he pass on? he did not have access to anything top secret, but these files show he passed on secrets even drewow mp's and a floor plan of the prime minister's office in the commons. why did he do it? this receipt for 100 pounds provides the answer. he had little money and a taste for gambling. one former colleague who used to drink with him in westminster's bars was astonished by the news but things money explains it. >> i think he was short of cash. apparently we now learn he had a gambling problem. i knew nothing about that. no wonder he fell prey to some of the temptations offered by the czechs.
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>> he was selected as mp in 1983 and died in 1990 just as the cold war ended. only now have his secrets the merged. >> we turn now to news from the sports world. david that the may have been a huge drop in letting the olympic flame, but he will not be playing for great britain's olympic team in the lead in games. it has been announced he did not make the squad, despite being widely picked for a slot. right now, of course, most of all fans are focused entirely on the euro 2012 tournament way today, italy upset germany and advanced through to the finals where they will face spain this weekend. it is a game which will draw viewers from around the globe, and that includes cuba. the generations baseball was the sport that reigned supreme, but football is now taking center stage >> baseball starts young here. this is cuba's national sport. fidel castro's favorite, and
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cubans excel at it. but the new craze is slowly sweeping this island. for football,, these players call it a football revolution. >> support for football among young cubans has really grown. you only need one ball for lots of people, and there are more fans here every day. and it is illegal to have satellite tv at home here, but state tv channels now carry all the big matches life, feeling football fever. and the people have always liked baseball. it is this for the revolution, so everyone has to follow it. but i like football, and it has
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really grown year. >> but the domestic game is suffering from neglect. this is cuba's best football ground. the crowd got into the spirit. >> footballers have not had much success on the pitch, but their fans are full of enthusiasm. they have always had that for baseball, but the passion for football here is on the rise. >> unlike baseball, cuba's national football side is not much to cheer about. they have not made it to a world cup since 1938. no wonder the fans follow foreign teams. those in charge do admit to problems, but they are optimistic. >> our pages need improving for official competitions and our stadiums. and we need to work from the bottom up with young players, but if we did not get to this world cup, there is always 2018. we have to dream.
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>> meantime, there is no denying cubans enduring passion for baseball. every day, a crowd here locks horns in furious debate. when the man finally come around, i asked what had happened. the youngsters who had watched a football go to the baseball, this man tells me. cuba's national sport still gets most of the official attention and the funding, but when it comes to the fans, there are signs of a swing in allegiance. >> and there has been a huge upset at the wimbledon tennis tournament where former champion nadal has been knocked out of the tournament in only the second round. the world's no. 2 lost to an unseeded czech in four rounds. it is time for our exit,
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bringing today's show to a close. for all of us here at world news america, thank you for watching. please tune in tomorrow. >> makes sense of international news at >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and , and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in. working to nurture new ventures
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and help provide capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by
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