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tv   BBC World News  WHUT  October 2, 2009 6:30pm-7:00pm EDT

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>> "bbc world news" is presented by kcet, los angeles.
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funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. the newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine macarthur foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now "bbc c d news." >> it is party time in brazil as
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rio strikes gold for the 2016 olympics. the first south american country to host the games, but there is shock in chicago. the front runner is voted out in the first round. welcome to "bbc world news" -- broadcaster our viewers on pbs in america and also of around the globe. coming up later, still finding survivors two days after powerful earthquakes in indonesia. as many as 3000 still trapped. and prove he is alive. the first pictures of a captured israeli soldiers are released in a prisoner exchange deal. >> hello to you. it will be the first time south america has ever hosted the olympics. the four countries on four
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continents bid for the 2016 games, and it was rio de janeiro that be enough challenges from madrid, chicago, and tokyo. the mood is very much in evidence there, but the losers disappointment is especially keenly felt in chicago. even a personal intervention by two obamas was not enough to swing it for their hometown. >> tonight, i have the honor to announce that the games of the 31st olympiad are awarded to the city of -- >> after four years of waiting, just a very -- one very slowly opened the envelope contained the offer for rio de janeiro. >> rio de janeiro. >> they never need much of an excuse for a party in rio, but the brazilians have earned this one. it will be the first time the games have been held in south
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america. bidding for the olympics can be a cool contest. this is winner takes all. jubilation for those who came to copenhagen to argue the case. >> amazing, crazy. i just see it as a way of being home and trying to win in my own home. for the people of brazil, it is an opportunity, not just to be in parties and to be happy, but to see the games as an opportunity to grow and to win inside brazil. >> president obama must be wondering why he bothered to come, but earlier in the day, there had been so much optimism around the chicago bit, and he talked to the ioc about an olympics in his home city. >> there is nothing i would like more than to stop just a few blocks from my family home with michele and our two girls, and welcome the world back into our neighborhood.
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>> but hours later, humiliation. >> the city of chicago, having obtained the release number of votes, will not participate in the next round. >> prize in iran, but tonight, is philosophical response from the president. >> i have no doubt that it was the strongest bid possible, and i'm proud that i was able to come in and help make that case in person. i believe it is always a worthwhile endeavor to promote and boost the united states of america. >> obama had been beaten by another president. the president of brazil had spent years campaigning on brazil's be happier and in some ways, it was not hard to sell. few others can post -- both landmarks to compete with these. this was a landmark that tug at the heartstrings, one that said it is south america's turn. tonight, carnival has come to copenhagen. the brazilian city -- the
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brazilian 15 will be able to return home with the ultimate prize in sports -- the olympic games. a couple of years of sport is going to be for brazil. first, the football world cup in 2014, and in the olympics in 2016. >> it is a terrifying predicament, but disasters have produced an astonishing stories of survival. rescuers in indonesia now suspect 3000 people may be trapped under buildings collapsed by two powerful earthquakes. 1100 are confirmed dead, but the indonesian government is desperate for help to find those missing and possibly still alive. it is a plea for foreign aid. more rescue teams and heavy lifting gear. >> this was the moment the earthquake struck. the camera captured the chaos that immediately followed. emerging from a crushed
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building, the first survivor of a collapsed judo class. then her classmates followed. one by one. injured, but alive. today, two days later, they are still pulling people from the rubble, but this young woman is an exception. she is alive -- week, but conscious. her friends heard their voices immediately after the quake, but his wife is still trapped. "it's god's will now," he says. there are many people now holding out hope, but searching for and rescuing the living is is becoming finding and recovering the dead. these are the pockets of rescue operations that have been going on for the last few days now,
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and many of them are and in the same way, and that is recovering bodies, not people who survive. 20 children were taken out of here this morning. it has been the same all over the city. it is still impossible to say how many died under the tons of rubble. only when the concrete is clear do we know just how deadly this earthquake has been. but even those who survived, badly hurt, are not out of danger. the hospitals are overwhelmed. those with horrific injuries on a comfortable, but there are too many to be given a normal cast. doctors do what they can, but the hospital itself is damaged. this boy is 9 years old. he had been in hospital 18 days recovering from a motorbike accident when the ceiling came in on him. his family helped comfort him in the intense heat, but he has a
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brain hemorrhage from the falling masonry. his mother says there is little chance of him surviving. one little boy suffering in a city where a thousand families are grieving and thousands more are hoping madison will arrive in time. >> it is not just indonesian's struggling in the aftermath of the severe earthquake. thousands of miles away in the south pacific, 8 emperor -- aid efforts are also being hampered. more bodies have now been recovered. at least 169 people are known to have died. that toll is expected to rise. the united states, australia, and new zealand have sent in supplies, and military personnel for help. there is no respite from the traumas affecting asia. the philippines may be in for its second disaster in a week. just days after a typhoon
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flooded the capital and provinces around, and is closing in on the same region. the present has declared a nationwide state of calamity. >> barely have the flood waters begun to subside and another typhoon is on the way. people have been warned to clear the expected pasth of the type and expected to hit the philippines on saturday. low-lying coastal areas are under threat and need to be evacuated. >> it can create disaster. >> the weather forecasters say the typhoon could yet change direction and miss the country, but there is concern about the effect of more rain in areas that have already been flooded. the earliest storm forced about two million people to leave their homes. it was some of the worst
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flooding in 40 years. in manila's eastern suburbs, a basketball court is now a relief center where people piled in in search of safety. >> i get very scared whenever i see dark skies overhead. i keep thinking it is going to happen again. authorities have been placed on alert, and civilian agencies have been ordered to stockpile food, water, and medicine, and no one is quite sure what is to come. >> at least 20 people have been killed, dozens injured in torrential rain storms on the italian island in sicily. on 40 taken to hospital as mudslide swept away cars and collapsed buildings. several more people are believed missing. the government has declared a state of emergency. the irish republic has voted in another referendum on the lisbon treaty on e reform. the previous vote on an island rejected the agreement.
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american chat show host david letterman has confessed to a series of sexual relationships with female members of his staff. he told his studio audience he had been threatened with blackmail. a cbs news employee has pleaded not guilty to trying to extort $2 million. an israeli soldier captured three years ago by palestinian militants has been seen for the first time in a video released today. the 23-year-old soldier is shown holding a newspaper from last month and saying he has been well treated. the tape was handed over. israel freed 19 palestinian prisoners. >> shalit, a national symbol in a country where almost every jewish family has someone in the army. until today, every image of him was from before his capture. first, though, the israelis had
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to release 19 female palestinian prisoners. in return for this, palestinian militant groups promised a videotape showing shalit alive. the moment this prisoner exchange began, a german military met with israelis in secret to hand over a tape. it is now being viewed by the family who will decide if it is to be released. >> this is what the family had been waiting for so long to see. the sergeant is gone after three years in captivity, but not injured. a newspaper dated september 14 shows the israeli government which was not negotiating for the return of my body. >> i want to send my regards to my family and tell them i love them and missed them.
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i hope the israeli government will not waste the opportunity to reach a deal. >> outside in gaza, hamas celebrating. the prisoner release has made them stronger. one of the women freed was a mother of nine. hamas may ask for more than 1000 detainees for the return of the soldier. that might be a price to high for the israeli government. at the least, there's a lot of hard bargaining ahead. regular visits will continue and while longer. >> stay with us if you can't on "bbc world news." still to come -- he has been an inspiration to so many. on the 140 anniversary of
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gandhi's birth, we will examine his legacy. first, i also find in the ethiopian does it may be the oldest known ancestor of modern day humans. the skeleton combines human and monkey traits. it could have climbed trees but also walk upright. >> this is the afar ripped in ethiopia. could this be the cradle into which humanity was born? for the past 15 years, researchers here have been piecing together the remains of what they say could be one of the most important human fossil finds for decades. artie is 4.4 million years old. she was good at climbing trees but also walk on two feet. however, she did not have arched souls like us, suggesting that she could walk or run for long distances. the big question is -- was she part of an evolutionary line
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that eventually led to us? at the moment, researchers are not certain, but there is some evidence that she could be one of our oldest ancestors. in 1974, researchers discovered this creature, which they called lucy. she was part 8 and part human, who stood upright. this is how her current might have looked. they live more than 3 million years ago. hardy is a million years older. >> this is a certain -- this is certainly a very exciting find. it is comparably complete. it is older than lucy, and it takes us back to an early stage in human evolution when we really were close to the common ancestor we had with the chimpanzees. >> the new discovery should give scientists new insight into just how the human race evolves from primitive apes more than 6 million years ago.
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>> this is "bbc world news." the latest headlines this hour -- the brazilian city of rio de janeiro has won a competition to host the 2016 olympics. is the first south american country to do so. 3000 people are still believed trapped under buildings collapsed in the two earthquakes that hit the indonesian island of sumatra. thousands of children promised a new life in the sun that turned into something horribly different. they are seeking an apology from the british government. between 1930 and 1970, they were sent to australia but in the farms and care homes they went to, many suffer hardship and abuse. some tried to tell the british what was going on, but the warnings were ignored. >> excited child migrants on their way to australia. over the last century, it is estimated 7000 british children
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were sent across the world. the youngest -- just two years old. the policy was promoted as rescue. children from the slums sent to the sunshine of a new life, but the reality for many was cruelty, sexual, and physical abuse. education for farm work and little else. australia is planning to apologize, but it was written and sent them. many migrants feel britain should say sorry. >> it would show that they finally feel guilty about the fact that they deported us to australia. and they finally knowledge the years and years of hardship that we have had to put up with because they deported us and the neglected us. >> here at the national archives, i found what seems to be one of the first serious efforts to warn the british government about the policy. in october 1947, a woman called
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lucy coe hamilton wrote to the home office. she had worked at one of the farms for many years, and she was worried by reports that british children would once again be sent to australia. she feared the forms were not conducive to the children's happiness or welfare in a great many ways. she came to london and told officials of her concerns face to face. cottages were grossly overcrowded. 24 children were at most there was space for 12. the staff was generally of low- quality, and supervision from london was very necessary, but there is no indication her concerns were passed on. one woman, said to the farm as a girl, was angry. >> i think it is pretty disgusting, knowing that the government in england knew how the farm had been run out here and still sent us out here. >> think that an apology needs to be given, to apologize for
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happen. and also for what happened to these children when they are arrived on the shores of austria. >> even now, that is important here former migrants say it would counter that feeling that britain waved them goodbye and then forgot about them. >> 140 years since mahatma gandhi was born, and with him, and philosophy of non-violent campaign in an inspired many other leaders, including the current u.s. president. he spent much of his life working for indian independence, but on the day it happened, he did not join the celebrations in delhi. we explore his mixed feelings as india became a free country, the least a token to calcutta, simmering with fear and violence. >> the gate of freedom is open in india. [applause] the last viceroy of india our
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lives to take part in the official end of british rule. >> on august 15, 1947, india's leaders finally gave the power to govern their own land. nehru became the first prime minister. india was free at last. it was gandhi who had first galvanized the nation, who had brought india's cost to international attention. and so at the moment of independence, he was held up as the man responsible. but this is not how he saw it. >> he was completely disenchanted. he was a broken man. he does not think that this is
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the independence for which he struggled. this is not the independents for which he mobilized the people. because two of his dreams -- nonviolence and the unity of india -- they are both completely broken apart in front of hand. at the very moment which could have been the moment of his triumph. >> india's independence movement had been defined by nonviolence, but the actual long awaited event was quite the opposite. 2 million people died in indiscriminate, and all slaughter. it is in gandhi's darkest hour that india glacis his true work. he had chosen to spend a moment of independence hero in calcutta. a city once again in turmoil.
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moslems, sikhs, and hindus all fearing for their homes and their lives. gandhi receive used to stand by and watch his people destroy each other. he teamed up with the local muslim leader. together, they set up camp in this house. abandoned by muslims, fearful of hindu attack. gandhi had put himself in the front line of the action. >> there is a very turbulent the young man who came into this building and demand that gandhi leave immediately. gandhi says he could do anything he wanted, but he would not
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leave. he said they could kill him, but he was here to do what he wanted and he would not leave until there was a single muslim in the area who is still frightened. this statement somehow strikes in the heart of the people who had come to accuse him, and they suddenly fall silent. this suddenly became a cooperative crowd. >> memories there from calcutta. q. but is opening up to market forces and redistributing land in the biggest development of its kind since fidel castro's revolution in 1959. his brother has begun leasing millions of acres of unused state land to private farmers. the hope is to increase food production and reduce imports. >> fresh lettuce at the height of summer is a rarity in cuba,
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but the small family farm is working hard to meet demand. it is part of a cooperative, made up of individual small holders who come together for credit and supplies. private farmers own less than one-third of the land but produce almost 3/4 of the items -- of the ivan's food. in the past, it was tolerated. now, it is being actively encouraged. >> there has been an enormous difference in the last two years. they are paying a lot more attention to us. they help with irrigation as well as offering land. we earn more money now because we are selling more food. >> this is a new member of the cooperative. his family farm has a mix of derry, cattle, and crops, all of it on the seized land, which two years ago belonged to a state farm. part of an extra 120 hectares, which they acquired. all of it, though, in need of
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attention. cuba's large state and collective farms have allowed vast tracts of fertile land to go to waste, much of it covered by a dense weave. it is like a jungle in here. once the mayor of it takes hold, nothing else will grow, and the cattle cannot grays. it is a nightmare to get rid of. so far, 80,000 cubans have been given tracks of land to clear, the first phase of 8 2 million hector transfer. the state is also starting to help with access to fuel, tractors, and bulldozers, but much of the work must still be done by hand. it is one reason why the authorities have turned to private farmers. >> now, i'm happy working. it is different when you do it for yourself rather than being paid a wage. >> when roe castro took over the
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presidency from his brother, there was speculation that he might introduce chinese-style market reform. these changes in agriculture, though, are his only major move so far, but the more the private farmers seem to be boosting their earnings by increasing productions, the greater the pressure for similar changes to the rest of the economy as well. >> just before we leave you today, let's take you back to the moment when rio de janeiro received some very good news indeed. for your countries on four continents that bid for the 2016 games. there is. rio beat off challenges from madrid, chicacacaand tokyo. the loss especially up in chicago. xxxxxxx
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>> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new honolulu. the newman's own foundation. macarthur foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its wide range of companies from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> i'm julia stiles. >> i'm kevin bacon. >> i'm kim cattrall. >> hi, i'm ken burns. >> i'm lili taylor. >> i'm henry louis gates, jr., and public broadcasting is my source for news about the world. >> for intelligent conversation. >> for election coverage you can sound bites. >> a commitment to journalism. >> for deciding who to vote for. >> i'm kerry washington, and public broadcasting is my source for intelligent connections to my community.
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