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tv   BBC World News America  WHUT  May 15, 2012 6:30pm-7:00pm EDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding for this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, and union bank. shell. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> and now "bbc world news
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america." >> this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am jane o'brien. braced for more uncertain to. greece heading back to the polls after an attempt to form a government ends in failure. the new french president goes to berlin to propose a union of prosperity, not austerity. >> to overcome the current crisis, europe needs a project. it needs solidarity. it needs growth. >> the first prosecutions in britain's phone hacking scandal. rebekah brooks faces three conspiracy charges.
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>> welcome to our viewers some pbs in america and around the globe. greece has run out of options. after an inconclusive election, the country is heading back to the polls. voters will decide the all important question of whether greece keep its commitment to an international bailout program. the decision could have far- reaching implications on the global economy. >> the election has passed. they should be putting the finishing touches to a new government, but today those hopes dashed. party leaders attacking each other over the bailout and more spending cuts. >> the parties that support the
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loan support our international creditors, not the national interest. >> those who signed the bailout want a government of national salvation, but greece has not been saved. it has been pushed to the break. >> some have chosen in cold blood to play party politics, rather than to what is best for the country. they're going against what the public wants. >> and this exhausted nation lurches between crises. fresh elections next month and the power vacuum in greece cannot be afforded. the head of the syriza is at the top of the polls. this could mean the days of greece in the euro could be numbered. and that is the fear.
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banks could collapse. inflation soar. the current survival would be under threat. greece appears to have lost its way, torn between years of punishing cost cutting and departure from the euro and a departure into the unknown. they have four weeks to decide. greece is that a critical moment in europe knows what unfolds here could cast a dark shadow far beyond this country's borders. bbc news, athens. >> the two men pillars of the eurozone, germany and france, say they want to keep greece in the family. francois hollande was in berlin to talk with chants a lot -- to talk with chancellor angela merkel. she is determined to keep austerity at the heart of the european recovery efforts.
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our european editor talked of the busy first day for the new french president. >> preparations for a transfer of power. elsewhere in paris, an unmarked car pulls out, surrounded by photographers. inside, a 57-year-old francois hollande, a socialist leader, on his way to be inaugurated president of france. making way for the outgoing president, nicolas sarkozy, never imagined he would be beaten by a candidate who has never held government office. in a corridor, presidents are cozy -- president sarkozy and his wife held a conversation with francois hollande and his partner.
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then he leaves the palace for the last time. within minutes, in a simple ceremony, francois hollande was sworn in. in his inaugural speech, he promised a dignified presidency and wasted no time sending signals to berlin about his agenda for growth. >> i will propose to our partners the necessary reduction of public debt and the growth of our economy. >> he had already set out his store -- growth, stimulating your's economy. he headed for berlin with -- for berlin for a crucial meeting with chancellor angela merkel. but his plane was hit by
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lightning, and social -- and so he had to change aircraft. much later than planned, he arrived at the german chancellery. the welcome was cordial, but intense. after all, angela merkel had backed president sarkozy in the election. he was greeted with military honors. as the two leaders negotiated the red carpet, they appeared nervous with each other before beginning discussions on what french president means on making growth his brewery. as a joint press conference, chancellor merkel and george to about the -- even joked about the lightning strike. >> even though the lightning hit, maybe this could be a good omen for our cooperation. >> president mr. hollande vowed
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to put everything on the table. >> becomes to growth, it is certainly right. but so far, this word has not been properly explained. but i am happy this topic -- growth -- is back in talks. we must work together. >> both leaders expressed a wish for greece to stay in the eurozone. >> we agreed on this, that we want greece to stay in the euro. the majority in greece want it to stay that way keeping promises made must be kept. -- stay that way. promises made must be kept. >> the challenge for mr. hollande and chancellor merkel is to reassure investors that can make compromises and resolve differences.
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tonight, they made an edgy start. bbc news, berlin. >> for more on this news from europe today, i was joined by the assistant managing editor of -- magazine from new york. >> just how important is this relationship? >> is incredibly important. the french-german relationship was the basis of the founding of post-war europe, not to mention the eurozone and it is incredibly warm for this relationship to get back on track. if the score countries do not have a firm relationship, the rest of the eurozone cannot have a firm footing. we see these headlines again. the bond yields rising. the top of the exit for greece from the eurozone. >> the two of them have had there first day. this commitment to friendship.
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can they make this marriage work, do you think? >> i think it will depend on how much each of them are willing to give. the truth is, we hear this austerity versus spending debate. it is a false debate. you cannot start your way to growth. we need sensible spending cuts. i think ms. merkel has been playing a very cagey game. germany wants to extract as much as it can from the eurozone before it ponies up the bank in germany and france will get behind the lead the country's if there should be a disorderly exit by greece. >> they both have said they want to keep the greece in the eurozone. is there anything they can do that would effectively intervene in the crisis? >> well, in an ideal scenario, you would of the talk of
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eurobonds. you have a political discussion are around real political integration, a fiscal union. that is probably not going to happen given all the political constraints. ms. merkel is facing incredible political pressure within germany, as well as the rest of europe. we could see a joint statement that france and germany are going to do what ever it takes, financially and politically, for the eurozone. of firm statement. similar language would do a lot for the common market's. >> they also say they are willing to put both arguments on the table later this month. to you think they are likely to compromise at this stage? >> i think that the germans and the german street are starting to realize that this is not germany against the rest of the eurozone. it is a false debates throughout
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the entire eurozone crisis that the german model is the better model, that if the rest of europe could be more like the germans, that everything would get better. but that is not the case. germany is the china of your. germany has prospered, but they have prospered because they are a strong export nation. it needs a strong europe to keep that model going. i think there needs to be understanding politically from germany that it is going to have to work with the rest of europe to create a viable model f the future. >> thank you very much for joining us. in other news now, it has been reported that the federal bureau of investigation has launched an investigation into the $2 billion trading loss last week by america's largest bank, jpmorgan chase. the u.s. financial regulator has started investigations into the cause of the loss. a man has set himself on fire
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outside the courthouse for the mass murderer anders breivik is being tried. police say the man poured flammable liquid over himself and was running toward the building before he was stopped and put out. he is now in hospital with severe burns on his chest and stomach. a summit in chicago to discover it -- to discuss the future of afghanistan. this after a six-month blockade of supply routes into afghanistan. one of rupert murdoch's most senior executives has been charged in connection with the phone hacking scandal in britain. rebekah brooks and four other people will appear in court next month to hear charges on conspiracy. our correspondent on assignment has the story. >> when all this started, and it
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hardly seemed possible. news international's chief executive facing a criminal court. rebekah brooks was formally charged today before being driven away, pursued by photographers who might once have worked for her. prosecutors earlier announced six out of seven arrested would be charged. >> i see sufficient evidence for a realistic prospect of conviction. >> tonight, rebekah brooks and her husband charlie, who was also being charged, emerged with statements that did not conceal there anger. >> i am baffled by the decision to charge me today. however, more importantly, i cannot express my anger enough that those closest to me have
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been dragged into this unfairly. one day, the details of this case will merge. and people will see today as nothing more than an expensive side show, a waste of public money, and the result of and in just decision. >> i feel today is an attempt to use meat and others as scapegoats -- to use me and others as scapegoats, the effect of which will be to ratchet up the pressure on my wife, who i also feel is the subject of a witch hunt. >> the case began in july last year. rupert murdoch moved to britain after the hacking was revealed. when news of the world close come rebekah brooks resigned. a massive police investigation took place. while all this was going on, it is alleged seven boxes of
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material were removed from news international and computers and electronic equipment concealed from the police. course of justice take in rebekah brooks's inner circle. not just her husband, but also her personal assistant and three others close to her. her chauffeur, the news international head of securities, and a free-lance security consultant. rebekah brooks was well- connected. >> ok -- >> she was friendly with prime ministers, labour and conservative. her trial will be uncomfortable for the government. the whatever her past power, her reputation is now in the hands of the justice system, and
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ultimately 12 ordinary jurors. >> tom simons reporting there. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come -- >> [singing] >> forces from stereo we do not hear any more. -- from syria we do not hear it every day. you may not realize it, but electronic gadgets may be creating a conflict in the developing world. they contain minerals often mind in areas controlled by local militias. >> every day, these men go deep into a mountain through dark, narrow tunnels to earn a living. heads bent, water dripping. the roof shored up by timber.
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they hack for tin. it is the metal that goes into our cars, mobile phones, and household appliances. it is considered a conflict mineral. it is used to fund militia groups in the long-running war that has killed millions. a link with war and killing that goes right into our own home. >> the minerals should be the source of wealth. is a source of death in this country. -- it is a source of that in this country. that is why everyone who is human should say no. >> and that is precisely what may be beginning to happen. is a soldiers were once part of
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-- the soldiers were once part of a mining and alicia. now they are keeping the peace. and these minerals that drive the economy are under the spotlights of a new american law. activists are charging electronic companies -- can they guarantee 100% that there raw materials -- their raw materials are not conflict? bbc news. >> two syria now where at least 20 have been reported to the been killed when government forces opened fire on the crowd. this is an almost daily occurrence. there have been talks of civil war. while the fighting goes on, the country's moderates hope for a peaceful way out of the crisis. we have this report from inside syria.
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>> the old city of damascus. syria has always been sustained by the kindness of its people. it is what i have seen in the many years i have been coming here. the syrians are so beautiful. -- dutiful. it is what makes the current violence so shocking. it is easy to forget it began as peaceful protests. those voices are still there. last month, alone outside parliament, she held a banner. afterwards, the authorities
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detained for. her act of bravery became something much bigger. they now call her "the woman in the red dress." >> the main thing is, it sent a message to everyone that they can make a change, no matter how small. is spread widely. -- it spread widely. we all want to stop the killing and build a syria for all syrians. >> , a joke to you have that this will be resolved peacefully -- how much hope do you have that this will be resolved peacefully? >> hope is not something abstract for as. when we help each other, there is hope. will try to build dialogues, build bridges with people with other views. we look for hope, day in, day out. >> shortly after we met her, she was detained again. everywhere i go, i am told the
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need to save cirio. but the government has now unleashed -- to save syria. but the government has now unleashed a new campaign of arresting intellectuals and activists, as though everyone is a threat. it is an effort to show what they say is still a one-sided war. layla was one of them. she was recently released from detention. >> there are some people now who say syria is in the midst of a civil war? >> no, it is not. that is not possible. >> if it is a regime versus the people, what percentage of the people are peaceful protesters? >> a very large percentage. the estimates of the free syrian army are -- what?
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1000? tens of thousands? there are hundreds of thousands of people are round -- around. i know they are louder. but we are much more peaceful. >> there are moderates on the other side, too, to seek a gradual, peaceful change. but with every explosion, there fear grows as syria stands to lose more than it gains as the country is remade. >> the outsider has a government approval to set up a tv channel. he says they will try to tell a different story. >> we are definitely against the intervention, the military solution in both ways, coming
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from either side. we want a political solution. we want to be able to express these views. >> but his own view now is security. >> the state the coffee in the morning -- they say the coffee in the morning is not the same anymore. aaron security, the security of the -- our own security, the security of the country. >> but to preserve itself, the state does not want to disturb the present order from keeping what they are, changing as little as possible. the political space just isn't opening. last year, president assad invited him to a political dialogue. today, he showed me pictures of
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this two sons, arrested last week. he has no news, except others obtained with them say they were tortured. >> it is not easy to lose two members of your family. and it is not just my children. the whole country is in agony. my personal pain, the country's main. >> every month that passes, there are more guns, more explosions come and voices -- more explosions, and voices like yours calling for a peaceful protests are getting drowned out, getting smaller. >> blood only lead to blood. violence only leads to violence. we have not seen the upper portion of reaction by protesters. when our sons and brothers and sisters are killed, we cannot blame people who take up arms.
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only angels would refrain. >> no one wants to lose what is good about this country. so many hope it can still be done. but after so much violence, sides are polarized. if they do not reach a middle ground, and everyone stands to lose. -- everyone stands to lose. >> that was from inside syria on the country's ongoing crisis. that brings to days and showed to close. you can find constant updates on our website. to see what we're working on at any time, check out our facebook page. for all of us here at "bbc world news america," thank you for watching. see you tomorrow.
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>> make sense of international news at >> funding was made possible by -- the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, and union bank. >> this is kim, about to feel one of his favorite sensations. at shell, we are developing more efficient fuels in countries
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