visas to join him in the u.s. chen got into trouble for exposing forced abortions by hi chinese authorities. he fled to the u.s. embassy in beijing. the chinese government later allowed him to move to new york to studty. chen has continued to speak out on human rights in his homeland. he has accused officials there of persecuting his family. on tuesday, chen's mother visited the u.s. embassy in beijing. she and other members of her family applied for visas. >> translator: my health is getting worse, and i'm aging. i will not have many opportunities to meet him. >> family members say they're being subjected to more and more harassment. chen's older brother said he was almost struck by a vehicle while riding his motorcycle near his home. myanmar's pro d aung san su
collected a human rights award she won more than two decades ago. aung san suu kyi won the prize for freedom of sort in 1990, but she was under house arrest at the time. she could not leave the country because that would have put her at risk of never being able to return. authorities released her three years ago. last year, she won the seat in parliament and became leader of the opposition. >> we still have to work very hard before the basic law of the land which is the constitution. will guarantee us right to live in accordance with our conscience. >> the president of the european parliament praised her for what she's done. martin schulz said she's shown people that fight for democracy will prevail in the end no matter how long it takes. diplomats are trying to use their influence to bring the two sides in syria's civil war
together. they're hoping to persuade leaders of syria's main opposition group to attend an international peace conference. but opposition leaders are resisting. diplomats from the united states and russia have been trying for months to organize peace talks. their latest plan is to hold a conference next month in geneva. represents of 11 western and arab countries met in london to try to move the process forward. they agreed opposition leaders need to be united if they hope to put an end to the civil war. but some of those leaders refuse to sit down with representatives of syrian president bashar al assad. the british foreign secretary offered some reassurances. >> assad would play no role in that future government of syria. >> opposition leaders are not convinced, including the head of the main opposition group, the syrian national coalition.
ahmed al jarba said they will not participate in any negotiations as long as assad remains in power. south korea's unification minister says his government is ready to resume talks on re-opening a symbol of cooperation between the two koreas. the tourism project of mt. kumgang has been on hold for five years. >> translator: i believe that through such talks, people from both countries can come up with approaches we can agree upon and make progress toward resuming the project. >> thousands of people from both sides of the border used to visit mt. kumgang to enjoy the scenery. it grew into an important source of foreign currency for the north koreans. but authorities suspended the project in 2008 after north korean soldiers shot and killed a tourist from the south. ryoo said north korean leaders
need to take responsibility for what happened, then both sides can work toward re-opening the project. but he said they need to ensure that tourists are safe. white house officials say the recent partial government shutdown will likely trim economic growth by 0.25 percentage point in a fourth quarter this year. head of the council of economic advisers, jason thurman, said payroll growth in october could decline by $120,000 due to the shutdown. >> so as we look at more of october, those numbers could change and potential ly get worse. this all just really underscores how unnecessary and harmful the shutdown and the brinksmanship
was for the economy, why it's important to avoid repeating it. >> the white house calculation is based on eight economic data including jobless claims during the first 12 days of october. officials in japan and russia are using electricity generation to boofrt ties. a new power plant equipped with japanese turbines started operations in eastern russia. the thermal facility provides electricity and hot water to the country's largest aquarium using natural gas. japanese machinery maker kawasaki heavy industries supplied its two turbines. the president of a local power company priced the efficiency of the machinery. russian government officials are trying to make better use of natural gas reserves by improving infrastructure. they are building gas supply networks in the far east region, and they're also working to convert thermal plants that burn coal. a kawasaki heavy industries official says he hopes the new
plant will encourage economic cooperation. the people at apple have unveiled a thinner, lighter version of the ipad. they say it's their weapon to fight off their competition. >> ipad air. >> the new tablet has the same size screen as its predecessor, but is about 20% thinner and 28% lighter. consumers in the u.s. and japan can buy the device in about a week. they can expect to pay about $500 for basic model. apple's executives will also launch an improved version of the ipad mini later in november. >> ipad combines into an incredible experience of hardware and amazing software and intuitive services into an experience that no one else can match.
>> south korea's samsung electronics and other firms offering tablets that run google's android operating system. apple's tablet sales for the april to june period fell year-on-year for the first time since 2010. it used to hold over half the market share. now it only has 32%. the executives hope the new products will help them win back what they've lost. firefighters in eastern australia are trying to make every minute count. they're working to contain wildfires. the flames have burned through vast tracts of land and destroyed more than 200 homes. one person has died. nhk world reports from sydney.
>> reporter: some 60 wildfires are burning in australia's eastern state of new south wales. the premier declared a state of emergency after the flames tore through residential areas. some people have been told to evacuate their homes and head to shelters. firefighters have been trying to keep the fires from merging. as you can see behind me, hazard reduction burn has been conducted in order to stop fire from expanding. firefighters raced to make the most of the cooler weather on tuesday. they burned vegetation and small bushes to eliminate fuel for the fire. the cleared areas will act as barriers to contain the flames. firefighters at this regional headquarters are monitoring the situation in blue mountains national park where the
wildfires are the worst. they're trying to maximize their resources. more than 2,000 firefighters have been called in from around australia to battle the flames, but they still don't have enough teams to cover all fronts. >> the biggest challenge is purely the large size of this fire. it's over 40,000 hectares and over 300 kilometers around. so it's a massive fire. there's a lot of fire edge, and that is the most challenging at this point in time trying to get to all that. >> reporter: some of the fires started spontaneously. residents say in other places, strong winds brought down power lines, igniting the dry bush. defense ministry officials are looking into whether explosives at a military training site sparked the fire at a national park. authorities have arrested two
boys they suspect deliberately started fires in other areas. millions of people are seeing the result. smoke is clouding the skies. a haze envelopes sydney on monday. a burning smell lingers in the air. >> coming in on the train, you could definitely smell it and it's pretty hazy, as you can see, today. >> reporter: wildfires are common during the summer month, but authorities say it's extraordinary for them to be this intense and large scale. so early in the season. forecasters blame an unusually dry winter, and they say the past 12 months have been the warmest on record. the conditions for wildfires were perfect. and the firefighters are bracing for those conditions to worsen. forecasters are calling for hotter and drier weather on wednesday.
nhk world, new south wales. a japanese astronaut has finished his final prelaunch test and is ready to head into orbit. koichi wakata is set to be the first japanese commander of the international space station. wakata has been preparing with his crew at the training center outside moscow. he will spend half a year in space. he will take command of the station during the final two months. >> communication is a key to the success of space flight. so i will like to make sure that we have good teamwork, communication between the crew members, and also with the ground support teams. >> the astronauts will take off in two weeks onboard the russian spacecraft, soyuz. japan's chefs could soon find their work endorsed by the
united nations. members of a unesco committee have recommended japan's culinary arts be dez signated a intangible asset. unesco is expected to endorse the decision in december. japan's cultural affairs aswrgc proposed it. the recipes, tableware and other culinary arts are a fundamental part of japanese culture. the officials say they hope unesco recognition will be a boost for businesses hit by concerns about food safety since 2011 nuclear accident. unesco currently recognizes four food cultures. french, turkish, mexican, and mediterranean. thousands of foreign volunteers traveled to northeast japan after the 2011 earthquake and tsunami. many of them helped clear debris
in the city of ishinomaki in miyagi prefecture. a team of local amateur journalists is trying to give something back to people overseas. nhk world has the story. >> reporter: he runs a gas company in ishinomaki. he's very busy these days with reconstruction efforts. he has another commitment as well. he started an english magazine with two friends last year. they named it "rolling press" because they want to set people's minds in motion. they write about what's going on in their hometown. >> translator: we're trying to focus on locals who are working with a positive attitude. >> reporter: arakawa had a good
reason to start a magazine for people overseas. the march 11th tsunami destroyed his home and his business. he says the devastation made him feel hopeless, but then many foreign volunteers arrived and offered help. >> translator: i was amazed that so many of them came and worked so hard for us. i'm not sure i would have done the same thing in their situation. >> reporter: arakawa's team is working on an article about a japanese restaurant that was destroyed in the tsunami. many foreigners helped clear debris from the ruins. the restaurant was able to re-open this summer in time for its 100th anniversary. >> translator: the support of
many volunteers made it possible for us to re-open. >> reporter: one of arakawa's goals is to tell the story of survivors who are helped by foreigners. one of the volunteers was bree mcwilliams. she helped clear the debris in ishinomaki. now that the cleanup is finished, she's helping in another way by translating articles in the "rolling press" into english. >> i want to stay involved. and it's also just a continuation through the 2 1/2 years i've grown a kind of affinity toward ishinomaki and it's become a place i feel is quite near and dear to my heart. >> reporter: so far, more than 1,700 copies of "rolling press" have been distributed around the
world. arakawa and his team are trying even more to disseminate to the world more information about the situation in affected areas and the progress of reconstruction. they've also conducted a tour for foreign visitors. arakawa hopes to share his experiences from the disaster in what he learned from them. >> translator: i felt, so, so huge and cannot fight for nature. but i felt people's power is also very huge. can change your mind, can change your situation. >> reporter: arakawa told people on the tour about the "rolling press." some took copies to take home
with them. >> it reminds people life here isn't perfect and there's a lot of work to be done. >> i'd like to come back and see how it's doing in five years' time, ten years' time. >> translator: i'd like many people to visit ishinomaki to see the rebuilding for themselves. they can connect with residents who were helped by foreign volunteers. that would help the economy, too. it's my dream. >> thank you, again. >> reporter: arakawa says he'll keep spreading the word about people in is h hinomaki. their new lives and challenges. he also says he hopes to attract more tourists from overseas. nhk world, ishinomaki. time now for a check of the weather. a typhoon is battering southwestern japan, and another is on the way. meteorologist sayaka mori tells us the latest. >> hello, there.
we've been focusing on typhoon francisco francisco. clouds are covering minamidaito island. we have some video from this location. trees are swaying in the winds and gusts of about 105 kilometers per hour were reported this morning. ferry services and flights have been canceled due to strong winds and high surf. now, it looks like the southwestern islands of japan will remain on the stormy side throughout the day. and it looks like gusts of about 200 kilometers per hour are likely with waves of about 10 meters today. and a rainfall of about 150 millimeters into the next 24 hours. kn now, starting friday, francisco is starting to move toward the northeast as it interacts with jet stream. and then probably stay over the waters into the weekend. but, of course, mainland japan, kishu, will be feeling quite stormy conditions into the weekend. and before the arrival of the system, a new system has formed here. that is producing quite heavy
rain for many areas across the pacific coast. especially kishu and shikuku. you could be seeing as much as 2 a millimeters of rain into tomorrow morning. so flooding, landslides, all of them are going to be a very high risk for some time. now, further down toward the south, we have a more intense storm. this is violent typhoon lakima packing wind gusts of over 300 kilometers per hour. tornado-like winds are battering in and around the center of the storm, and the system will likely affect the northern mariana islands tomorrow and affect the ogasawara island by friday. now, across the continent, we have this low producing wet and windy conditions. some snow is in the forecast in the upper elevations. and this is actually improving the bad air quality. some people in northeastern china are dealing with hazy conditions, but because of the wet and windy conditions, conditions could improve on your wednesday. so that's good news. now, further down toward
australia, as we have been reporting, the worst wildfires in decades are raging through parts of new south wales. especially the blue mountains in the city of katumba. the fire danger is at a severe level today because of high temperatures and high winds. now, tomorrow, although temperatures may go down to the mid teens, but winds will remain on the high side. and even friday, although winds will ease, a humidity will remain on the low side into the weekend. so, unfortunately, no big improvement is in the foreseeable future. all right. across europe, then, a big and powerful low-pressure system is affecting the western half of europe. as you an scan see, we have a v long frontal system and strong low-pressure system and the lines are close to each other meaning very strong winds are blowing in many places in europe, especially severe weather is occurring from the iberian peninsula, through the western continent, up into the scandinavian peninsula. even snow showers are likely in
southern parts of the scandinavian peninsula, and even tornadoes cannot be ruled out in places like germany, spain, or actually france and the low countries. different story in the center. sunny skies and temperatures are going to be summer-like in many places. like belgrade at 27 degrees for the high on wednesday. that's 10 degrees higher than average. here's the extended forecast.
terry been i will be starting a association where one in 11 children go under -- go without food. this week, the tavis family foundation is launching ending nationala four-year initiative to examine barriers and examine solutions to alleviate poverty here in america. we will start that with andrew mccarthy, president and ceo of the casey foundation, dedicated to building better features for disadvantaged children.
the war on poverty, and only has it not been one, but we are losing battle after .attle game part ofick mccarthy is the charitable organization that has a leadership role in finding solutions that seems to be an intractable issue in this country. >> so happy to be with you. tavis: why -- tabby is it that we can seem to get
traction on a real conversation about alleviating poverty in america? when we think about our own growing up, we have talked about opportunity in this country. if you have worked hard and stayed hard and do it you are told, you can get ahead. i think that is still a core value that we have as americans. it is very hard for americans to hear that there are many fellow citizens and their children who are in poverty. it is hard to hear that, even as we struggle with the question of how do we keep folks on the path toward opportunity. tois difficult for people engage in that position. but we have to. you are -- tavis you are right, but there are so many americans in the million who are living the story. the numbers tell the story. vested oro your less
left or right, somebody struggling with this. how can you not get a conversation about it when this is not a poor story. i you, airing out in you and tax you are thanks i issues that part of the that there are major economic changes in the last 30 years. we have certainly entered a world of global competition. we have high productivity which brings the rices of their consumer is down. at the same time, there are fewer jobs available than there used to be back when fa