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tv   CBS Evening News With Scott Pelley  CBS  May 21, 2012 7:00pm-7:30pm EDT

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says that men should no longer get routine p.s.a. tests to screen for prostate cancer. the reason, it says, is that the tests may lead to treatments that do more harm than good. more than 33,000 american men die of prostate cancer each year and every year 20 million get the p.s.a. test to detect the disease early. the recommendation tonight is already causing a lot of criticism and we asked dr. jon lapook to tell us more. >> reporter: for 20 years, the message has been the same: get a p.s.a. test every year or two, detect prostate cancer early and save your life. >> hold that right there for me. >> reporter: dr. michael la fever sat on the panel said said the message was wrong. >> the problem is in contrast to small benefits a significant number of men will be harmed by the tests and treatments that follow prostate cancer screening. >> reporter: the task force said the p.s.a. sun reliable, giving a falsely positive result 80% of
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the time. prostate cancer is typically diagnosed in older men and the disease usually progresses so slowly they die of something else. the panel is among the most influential in the country. it's cited an 11-year study of over 180,000 men. the study show more than 1,000 need to be screened to detect 37 cancers and detect a single prostate cancer death. the options for men with prostate cancer include radiation, surgery, hormones or simply observing. side effects of treatments include erectile dysfunction and urinary difficulties. la fever says the consequences can be even worse. >> ultimately we'll find that two to three men out of those thousands will, in fact, have a serious complication such as heart attack, stroke, blood clot or even death. >> reporter: the recommendation sparked fury today at the annual meeting of the american neurological association. in the statement, the group said it was outraged and the recommendation was inappropriate and irresponsible.
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>> i do not believe that the medical evidence in any way supports this conclusion. >> reporter: dr. herbert la pore is the head of neurology at n.y.u. langone medical center. >> piece say has taken us down the road to decreasing the risk of prostate cancer death. we all recognize it. we've got a long way to go to perfect screening, but the last thing we need to do is turn back. >> we have been taught for years to fear cancer and that the only hope is early detection and treatment and so for both doctors and patients alike it's difficult to accept that some cancers don't need to be discovered and don't need to be treated. >> pelley: jon lapook is joining us now. jon, what about someone who has a family history of pronser? are they saying that person doesn't need to be screened? >> i spoke dr. la fever this afternoon he said no, they can't specifically say to do the recommended test in that group because they don't have good enough tests.
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they don't have good enough study. in the future it may be that that test is developed. for now they're saying have a discussion with your doctor and ask the pros and cons. >> pelley: jon, thanks very much. the leaders of the nato countries agreed today that the primary role for security in afghanistan will be handed over to afghan forces next summer. president obama hosted the nato summit in chicago and norah o'donnell is there tonight. norah? >> reporter: scott, the president and allies together agreed that they are on an irreversible course to end the war in afghanistan, an agreement the president called today a milestone moment. >> the timetable that we've established is a sound one. it's a responsible one. are there risks involved in it? absolutely. can i anticipate that over the next two years they there are going to be some bad moments
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along with some good ones? absolutely. >> reporter: the president today cemented plans for what the end of this war will look like. afghan troops will take the lead in combat missions by mid-2013. afghans will have full responsibility for their country's security by the end of 2014. right now just half of the population is under afghan-led protection. and finally, an international commitment to support an afghan security force after 2014. u.s. officials say the cost will be about $4.1 billion a year with the u.s. likely to pay more than half of the bill. >> i don't think that there's ever going to be an optimal point where we say "this is all done, this is perfect, this is just the way we wanted it." this is a process. >> reporter: mr. obama met with afghan president karzai and today both leaders held a remarkable, impromptu meeting with pakistani president zardari. relations among the three are
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strained and u.s. and pakistan relations have especially deteriorated since u.s. navy seals killed osama bin laden on pakistani soil since a nato led air strike last november mistakenly killed 24 pakistani soldiers. >> we need to work through some of the tensions that have inevitably arisen after ten years of our military presence in that region. >> reporter: at issue is now a nato supply route that pakistan closed after those november air strikes. now, an agreement to reopen that route would help the relations, be the first step in repairing that relationship and tonight a senior administration official tells me they're very close to reaching an agreement. >> pelley: norah o'donnell, thank you very much. today's nato agreement comes as relations between u.s. soldiers and afghan soldiers are at an all-time low. the coalition began a study of afghan attacks on u.s. forces after six american soldiers were killed during a joint parole in 2010. the report was finished last
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year, but it was quickly classified. but tonight allen pizzey has some of the details of what's in the report. >> reporter: the murder of u.s. troops by afghan soldiers they train and fight alongside is a growing systemic threat, according to a coalition report issued last may. since then, the number of attacks has increased. at least 55 american troops have been killed since 2007. more than 75% of the incidents happened in the last two years. the killings were mainly sparked by the strain the war places on individual soldiers, coalition spokesman brigadier karsten jacob said. >> the vast majority of the cases are coming from battle stress, battle fatigue. people are under strong emotional influences. >> reporter: but the report concluded the killings were triggered by cultural misunderstandings and insults. interviews with hundreds of u.s. and afghan troops revealed a
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deep-seeded contempt on both sides. americans complained the afghans were undisciplined in combat, thieves and drug users. among the comments "they are stoned all the time, some even while on patrol with us." and "they are pretty much gutless in combat, we do most of the fighting." afghans interviewed for the report were equally scathing, describing american troops as bullying and disrespectful. the most frequent complaint was u.s. soldiers don't listen, they're too arrogant. and they get upset due to their casual cities they take it out on civilians during searches. the worst point of friction, night raids on home, has been fixed. they are now only conducted by afghan forces. nonetheless, american troops in joint bases with afghans sleep with what they call a guardian angel-- one man awake and armed. even at training centers no one relaxes their guard according to army first lieutenant governor corey scanlon. >> you can't be too critical or else they'll get upset because
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there's a lot of honor at stake. so sometimes you have to be careful with how you address people. >> reporter: the seriousness of that is summed up by an afghan proverb. "life over wealth, honor over life." it goes some way to underlying what might be considered offensive behavior in western behavior can be mortal in afghanistan. allen pizzey, cbs news, kabul. >> pelley: at the end of the summit in chicago today the president was asked about his reelection campaign and its attack on mitt romney's record as head of the private equity firm bain capital. >> so if your main argument for how to grow the economy is "i knew how to make a lot of money for investors" then you're missing what this job is about. it doesn't mean you weren't good at private equity. but that's not what my job is as
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president. my job is to take into account everybody, not just some. >> pelley: that caught our ear, which made us pick up the phone to bring in john dickerson, our cbs news political director. john, no matter what the president is doing these days he's also campaigning. i wonder was that a campaign theme we heard in chicago today? >> it sure was. it's a central theme of this campaign and it popped up because the president was a bit on the defensive. he's running a tough ad attacking romney's tenure at bain capital. it highlights a steel company that went bankrupt while under bain's control. newark's popular democratic mayor corey booker said the ad and these attacks in general weren't relevant to the issues of the campaign. the president as we heard and his campaign says it's relevant because mitt romney's central claim is that his business experience makes him particularly qualified to turn around the economy. the romney campaign argues obama's distorting the facts, that romney was gone from bain when this plant closed. and only focusing on the bad
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thing that happened but above all of this sniping what this moment highlights is the central debate of this campaign. the president argues that the government needs to play a larger role, creating opportunity for people to improve the economy and romney says that what his business experience tells him, by rolling back the government and freeing the private sector, that's the best way to pro create prosperity and he points to his own career at bain as proof of that. this is a fight to define mitt romney and the election. >> pelley: much more to come. john dickerson, thanks very much. that scandal involving u.s. agents and colombian prostitutes is expanding. we've learned today that three agents from the drug enforcement administration are being investigated for allegedly hiring prostitutes in cartagena. this incident is separate from the one involving secret service agents and members of the u.s. military, though it happened at the same time. now on to the facebook story. in the second day of trading, the most closely watched stock in america plunged. facebook debuted friday at $38 a
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share. today it closed just over $34 for a loss so far of more than 10%. not at all what many investors were expecting. anthony mason is our senior business correspondent. anthony, what's happening? >> reporter: the nasdaq had its best day in five months, scott, but facebook still fell on its face. thebacks had propped up the stock on friday in order to avoid the embarrassment of facebook falling below its offering price but today gravity took hold. typically an i.p.o. makes 10% to 15% on its first day, which means the most talked-about stock offering in years is an indisputable dud. >> pelley: but if the stock is overvalued, anthony, how much is it overvalued? >> reporter: well, that's the big question, scott. initially the banks were talking about an offering price of between $27 and $34. at the last minute it was up to $38. by comparison, look at another hot tech company, apple. apple stock is valued at ten
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times its estimated earnings per share for next year. facebook at that $38 price was valued at about 65 times its earnings and apple made an $11 billion profit last year. facebook $1 billion. analysts say that math is the reason facebook stock has fizzled. >> pelley: anthony, thanks very much. a surprise sentence in a web cam spying kis. an earthquake leaves parts of northern italy in ruins. and millions watch a game of peekaboo in the sky when the "cbs evening news" continues. [ music plays, record skips ] hi, i'm new ensure clear. clear, huh? my nutritional standards are high. i'm not juice or fancy water, i'm different. i've got nine grams of protein. twist my lid. that's three times more than me! twenty-one vitamins and minerals and zero fat! hmmm. you'll bring a lot to the party. [ all ] yay! [ female announcer ] new ensure clear. nine grams protein. zero fat. twenty-one vitamins and minerals. in blueberry/pomegranate and peach.
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day in a case that sparked a national debate over anti-gay bullying and bias crimes. a former rutgers university student was convicted of using a web cape cod canal to spy on his gay roommate who later committed suicide. he could have gone to prison for a decade but instead he got one month plus 300 hours of community service. michelle miller reports from new brunswick, new jersey. >> reporter: 20-year-old dharun ravi showed little emotion over the course of his trial but today he cried when his mother addressed the court. >> dharun's dreams are shattered and he has been living in hell for the past 20 months. >> reporter: earlier, jane clemente had spoken on behalf of her son. >> even i had no idea of the despair and torment tyler must have been feeling, and i thought
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i knew him. >> reporter: tyler clemente jumped to his death from the george washington bridge a few days after he discovered ravi had used a web cam to spy on him and another man having a sexual encounter. ravi used twitter to invite other classmates to watch. >> the sad part is, what he found out was only one part of who tyler was. he never really knew tyler. >> reporter: in a police interview, ravi admited what he'd done. >> did you violate his privacy. >> yes, i did. >> reporter: but throughout the trial, ravi's lawyers argued his actions were a result of bad judgment, not bias against gays and that he never threatened clemente. judge glen berman delivered the sentence. >> the person who described your conduct best isn't here to describe your conduct best. when tyler clemente said it was wildly inappropriate. >> reporter: judge berman could have sentenced ravi to ten years in prison. instead he decided on the 30-day
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jail term because he didn't believe ravi understood the possible consequences of his actions. but berman reprimanded ravi for his behavior. >> and i haven't heard you apologize once. >> reporter: clemente's parents left the courthouse without comment. last year, they told us they hoped the trial could raise awareness about bias and bullying. >> we don't want parents to have to have the same kind of experience that we've had. >> reporter: ravi will begin serving his sentence at the end of the month. prosecutors say they may appeal. michelle miller, cbs news, new brunswick, new jersey. >> pelley: a number of roman catholic diocese and colleges sued the obama administration today over the new health care reform law. they object to the provision that requires church affiliated institutions to provide employees with free birth control. they say that this is a violation of their religious teachings. there's been a tragedy at the top of the world. a deadly expedition on everest.
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>> pelley: the damage is still being assessed in northern italy where a magnitude 6 earthquake left seven people dead. centuries old buildings and art work were destroyed. early estimates put losses at around a quarter of a billion dollars. three climbers were killed and two others are still missing on mount everest. officials in nepal said today they believe the climbers collapsed from exhaustion and
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altitude sickness on their way down from the summit on saturday. a canadian woman is among the dead. the other climbers are from germany, south korea, china and nepal. a lot of people in parts of asia and the western united states spent yesterday gazing at the heavens and for good reason. a rare type of eclipse turned the sun into a ring of fire. from china to japan and across the ocean in california, arizona and utah they watched the moon pass in front of the sun, being careful to shield their eyes from the harsh rays. >> oh, you can see it! there's a little teeny bump in the sun. >> reporter: because the moon is at its farther frers the earth, it appears smaller in the sky and so it did not block all of the sun. a tiny bit of light remained around the edges. the ring of fire. (cheers and applause) >> really cool. unbelievable. >> reporter: in boulder, colorado, 10,000 people saw the clouds
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>> pelley: it was one year ago tomorrow that a tornado tore through joplin, missouri, 161 people were killed and 7,500 homes were hit. tonight president obama will address the graduating class at joplin high school they're students who have learned hard lesson this is year, but none of them more so than the young man our ben tracy found. >> reporter: so this used to be your house? >> yes. >> reporter: quentin ander sont doesn't like to remember what happened here, but he also can't forget. >> i spent 17 years living there. you have the memories but not the place to visualize it. >> reporter: the tornado tore right down 26 street, that's where quentin lived with his parents bill and sarah anderson the tornado literally came right through your house? >> yeah, literally. >> reporter: the family huddled together in your t hallway, the next thing the 17-year-old high school football player rememberd
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is waking up in the hospital with a broken back, a fractured skull and his older sister telling him what he had lost. >> i knew my parents were dead and that the house was gone. >> in a that moment what were you thinking? what were you feeling? >> i'm one of those people that doesn't cry when people are around so when i was alone that night i would cry. other than that it was just kind of like the realization like i'm an orphan now. i just have my sister. >> reporter: what do you miss most about them? >> i miss my mom's smile. i miss my dad's goofy laugh. they were kind of a goofy couple but they loved each other. >> reporter: quentin also lost his school. joplin high was leveled. all that's left is this pile of rubble, but joplin is determined to rebuild. new houses are going up on many blocks. church steeples are rising. the city's main park is growing again. a team prior high school is open inside a strip mall. >> studying molecular biology.
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>> reporter: tonight quentin will graduate from honors from joplin high. >> what's it like to graduate and not have them sitting in the audience. >> in all reality they get to see it but i just don't get to see them there. >> do you feel that they're watching over you and they know what's going on? >> uh-huh. >> reporter: does that bring you some comfort? >> yes. you don't really realize how much your parents do for you until they're not here anymore. >> reporter: although joplin is rebuilding there are some spaces that can never be filled. ben tracy, cbs news, joplin, missouri. >> pelley: and that's the "cbs evening news" for tonight. for all of us at cbs news all around the world good night. captioning sponsored by cbs captioned by
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now, "entertainment tonight," the most-watched entertainment news magazine in the world. ♪ you need to show >> the latest on the death of beegee robin gibb. ♪ how deep is your love >> his five honal hours. plus, the brothers final feud. >> i have been deliberately disinvolved. >> nothing and no one can come between me and you. >> and the decade they defined. then, the emotional tributes to donna um isser and whitney houston at the billboard music awards. maria shriver and the hollywood


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