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tv   BBC World News  PBS  February 14, 2011 5:30pm-6:00pm EST

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>> this is "bbc world news." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank.
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>> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news." >> at least one person killed in anti-government protest crashes with police in the capital of iran. china is officially the world's second-largest economy. it surpassed japan. google android converses microsoft -- versus microsoft. welcome to "bbc world news," broadcast on pbs in america. coming up later, allegations that the judge in a trial did not write his burdick and credit against his will. a record breaking up, but how long did this valentine's day smooch last?
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iran has seen what may be the biggest protest against the government in more than a year. the iranian news agency is reporting that one person was shot dead as protestors in tehran cannot in the hundreds, possibly thousands, defying a security crackdown. the agency is blaming opposition supporters for the killing. james reynolds reports. >> demonstrators in tehran were told the rally was illegal. but these protesters did not listen. many covered their faces to avoid being identified. here, they confront a man the suspect working for the government paramilitary force. it is rare to see this kind of challenge. here, another group of
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protesters shouts, "death to the dictator." these are the biggest demonstrations against the government in more than a year. >> we can see hundreds of anti- riot police and security forces. they started to disperse people by force. but people started chanting slogans against the police. i could see a lot of clashes, severe clashes. police started to launch to gases and pepper gases. i myself was affected seriously. >> one man protested earlier in the day by climbing a crane in the center of tehran. these mobile phone pictures show him on the top left. it took the police a while to get to him. you can see the protester here, wearing a green and then a, a symbol of the opposition movement. we do not yet know if these protests will have lasting impact. iran's opposition has proved it
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is still alive. james reynolds, bbc news. >> the u.s. secretary of state has restated her support for the opposition supporters in iran. she has called to account of the iranian government for their use of force. >> what we see in a run is a testament to the courage of the iranian people and an indictment of the hypocrisy of the regime, a regime which over the last three weeks has constantly hailed what went on in egypt. now, when given the opportunity to afford their people the same rights they called for on behalf of the egyptian people, once again, they illustrate their true nature. >> in egypt, it has been a day of more protest and strikes as demonstrators demand better pay and conditions. police, bank, and transport workers refuse to work. the military has urged all egyptians to go back to their
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jobs. from cairo, christian frazier. >> the freedom to protest brings all sorts of new challenges. a fight broke out today at the gates of the interior ministry among police officers demanding more pay. the euphoria of the past few days has been pushed aside by the tensions. there is still huge frustration over low wages and rising prices. there are strikes and demonstrations bring up all over egypt. it's a transition to democracy depends on the goodwill of the generals of the old guard, who have maintained with iron will the power of the mubarak regime. the generals are pushing some reforms, but they are wary of the forces unleashed. >> we call on citizens -- >> there was a statement urging
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people to return to work. the guides at the giza pyramids are pleading for the tourists to return. the old government pledge to public-sector employees a 15% pay rise, but millions of other poor families have survived for years on a pittance. many give their support to the best organized opposition movement, the banned muslim brotherhood. >> this is a catastrophic seed. the mubarak regime destroyed the country. >> with the economy under such pressure, european governments were urged in brussels to freeze the assets of the deposed president and his family. >> there must be economic opportunity for these people. they have to be judged. they have to return this money. this is where foreign countries can help by freezing their assets. this includes the president and
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the president's family, at least. they are all one. they are very, very rich. >> to the opposition, recovering that money would be a huge help at a time when people are crying out in pain. in the end, it is the currency of a new political system for which they wait impatiently. the longer it takes, the more likely it is that demonstrations will grow. bbc news, cairo. >> the success of the protests in egypt and tunisia have ignited anti-government demonstrations in several other parts of the middle east. in yemen, more than a thousand protesters clashed in a fourth straight day of protests in the capital. the president has offered some concessions, including a promise to step down in 2013. police fired teargas and rubber bullets on protesters in bahrain, where thousands
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gathered to support reform. it was called a day of anger in the gulf state. they want the ruling dynasty to transfer decisionmaking power to parliament. it is official. china's economy has overtaken japan's to become the second- largest in the world. if china keeps growing at this rate, it could overtake the united states in 15 years. but the average person in china is still 10 times poorer than the average in japan. the bbc is in beijing. >> china's success blazed across the sky. for the last week, the country has been marking the chinese new year. there is much to celebrate here. it is the country that has seen dazzling growth and is now the world's second-largest economy.
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china's growth has been built on exports, making whatever the world wants. for this man and his wife, the violence are a family trade. 13 years ago, they set up a company. at first, they had three employees and worked from home. now they hire over 20 workers and run a factory. >> in the past, we would struggle like everyone else. now we have two cars and can afford something much bigger. >> the workers produced 200 violins every works -- every month. it is a time consuming task, but profitable in a country where
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wages are still low. as things stand, the workers cannot afford to buy the violence they make. the chinese government wants to increase salaries so people spend more. "this man has worked in the factory for a year. he lives in the dormitory and is one of 200 million migrant workers. there are rising -- they are a rising consumer class the government hopes to tap. their determination to better their lives could drive more growth. >> it does not matter where you live. all that matters is how hard you fight. as long as you put in the work and have opportunities, you can improve your life. >> throughout the week, chinese have been visiting temples, praying for good fortune. the country's billion people are getting used to better times.
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the challenge for the government here will be meeting the rising expectations. bbc news, beijing. >> it is recruitment season in japan. for those finishing university this year, the pressure is on. success means joining the next generation of salary man. but few countries would consider a graduate from last year. if they fail now, they may never get a secure job. this man has invested in interview coaching. it is best to make a good first impression. in japan, getting a job is almost a full-time job in itself. going to university abroad is not worth the risk. >> the japanese are afraid of doing something different.
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we are lacking in initiative. we like to follow in each other's footsteps. graduate after four years at university and get a job. >> the number of japanese going to foreign universities has fallen by a fifth since 2004. business leaders complain japan's young are becoming more inward looking, even as china's economy steams ahead. for countries like this clothes retailer, it is a problem. the population is aging and shrinking. for growth, japan needs to look abroad. uniqlo wants to become number one, so it told all its employees to learn egypt by this time next year. >> we need to hire people abroad. we need to have one team -- one thing in common, and that is english.
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>> the school for chefs is another side -- another sign some see a need for change. they are learning the basics of sushi in a year. most want to work in restaurants overseas. >> i hope more japanese will grow. when i was growing up 20 years ago, a lot of people wanted to go abroad, but that has changed. people do not even want to take business trips overseas now. >> now that japan has been overtaken by china, many believe it is due to relative decline. unless more young develop drive and seek more opportunities abroad. bbc news, tokyo. >> eastern parts of south korea have been hit by the biggest snowfall in a century. one province saw more than a meter this weekend. some buildings collapsed under the weight. in the capital, the bbc reports. >> thousands of soldiers have
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been deployed along the east coast. this unit is taking to the skies, as many roads are impassable. isolated villages in desperate need of help. people are used to harsh winters in this country, but nothing like this. this woman says it is the heaviest snowfall in her lifetime. in rural areas, even the wild life struggles. in cities, snowplows are not up to the job. they needed earthmovers to dig through the drifts. cars were buried by the freak weather, at 80 centimeters of snow in a single day in some places. that is waist deep. it is the heaviest snowfall since records began a century ago. the coldest winter in years here. forecasters say there is more snow to come. bbc news, seoul. >> still to come, new toys at
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the phone fast in barcelona. we may have your number. first, two security guards were killed when a suicide bomber tried to enter a shopping center in the afghan capital. guards opened fire and the explosions went off, killing the attacker. >> the target was a shopping center and hotel complex popular with foreigners. the same place was hit a year ago. two security guards fought a gunbattle with the bomber at the entrance. "i saw a man with a kalashnikov," he says. there were two bursts of gunfire. then, an explosion. the police chief says the guards saved the lives of those inside the shopping center.
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as soon as the bullets hit the suicide attacker, he exploded. this is the second attack in kabul in two weeks. one theory is that the caliban- linked group the who, network -- taliban-linked group, the hakkani network, is no longer obeying a cease-fire. another theory says a new splinter group is trying to make its mark. attacks in kabul are becoming a frequent event as the afghan government tries to reach out to some elements in the taliban who might want to talk. others do not want that to happen. >> at least 14 people have died in an air crash in honduras. the deputy minister is among the victims. according to honduran airline officials, the jet crashed
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monday morning on a routine daily flight. it is reported the plane lost contact with air traffic control. you are watching "bbc world news." in iran, at least one person is reported killed. thousands of anti-government protesters clashed with police in tehran. china is officially the world's second-largest economy. it has overtaken its regional rival, japan. an assistant to the russian job who handled the tile -- trial of khorokovsky said the sentence was not his own, but the words were handed to him. moscow court authorities immediately denied the allegations.
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>> the verdict in the case came at the end of december. a few days later, he had six years added to the eight in prison he was already serving. his supporters pointed out that this conveniently kept him inside during some crucial elections. the judge read the decision at breakneck speed in a low voice. his assistant and press secretary has claimed the verdict was not his, but one that had been dictated by more senior judges. in an interview with the russian website, natalia said her boss has been under pressure from above throughout the trial and became depressed by the end. >> if he began to write the verdict. i suspect it did not suit his superiors. he received another verdict which he had to read. >> it is a sensational allegation that reopens all the arguments over the case. human rights campaigners and
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senior international figures have complained that he alone among russian billionaires' was put on trial over his actions in the 1990's. they say it was a political prosecution because of his support for opposition groups. if natalia's allegations are true, it means part of the russian legal system is rotten. the judge said in a statement that her claims were nothing more than slander. bbc news, moscow. >> the biggest annual event in the cell phone industry is getting underway today. it is expected to be dominated by companies only arrived in the industry a couple of years ago. the mobile phone congress in barcelona includes dozens of phones using google android software. it has overtaken all other smartphone systems. here is our technology correspondent. >> once, phones were for making
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calls. in barcelona, they are about more than that -- taking pictures come up finding your way around town, or talking to the world. smart phones are main street. what is the current climate? >> the blackberry. >> galaxy. >> iphone. >> iphone. >> iphone or blackberry. >> apple smart phones have sparked a revolution, but google has raced into the lead. here at the world's biggest mobile phone event, androids are everywhere. there are more than 150 android phones with all sorts of manufacturers. google is also attacking apple on another front. >> it is running android at 3.0, which is the latest version. >> will new tablet computers provide opposition for the ipad?
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>> we expect to see incredible devices with this kind of technology. it is up to them to make it happen, as they have done with bonds already. >> on friday, nokia time -- teamed up with microsoft. they are confident there are more smart phones for everyone. >> you used to do only e-mail and internet on your pc, but now you do social networking interaction such as facebook and twitter. now, you want to do that 24-7. the only way you can do that is take it with you on a mobile phone. >> other smart phones will be making their debut. endure it is opening up a big lead. bbc news, barcelona. >> in the world of espionage, a chink of light from the british
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intelligence service. mi has opened its doors to an artist. perhaps this is the first time. he has captured sensitive work on campus. the details are secret. our arts editor has been investigating. >> it was an unusual assignment. shrouded in secrecy, i was entering an undercover world. i was about to expose it. >> hello? ok. i understand. a rendezvous in 3 minutes. >> i went to the agreed location in central london to meet my contact. it was the artist james hart dyke. he had become part of the secret
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life of mi6. >> we have had few images aside from the james bond films. it is every day and bill, but there is a twinge at the end where things become a little unreal and give it a bit of an edge. >> there are no aston martins or saddle row suits in his paintings. heat depicts a world of brown beer and clandestine meetings in parks. >> he has captured the atmosphere and the spirit. he somehow projects the personality of the service and the sort of people that we have working with us and what is on their minds. you get that combination of extraordinary and very unusual things happening, but in everyday life. >> mi6 wanted their covert existence recorded, but there
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were to be no identifiable places or faces. they chose the right person. not only did he take on the job for free, but his style owes much to the impressionists', meaning his pictures are atmospheric and sketchy, more a blur than detail. this is a constant motif, and with good reason. green is the color of paint used exclusively by the chief, known not as m but as c. >> a court in ecuador has ordered chevron to pay $8 billion in damages for damaging the amazon region. texaco was bought by chevron in 2001 and was accused of damaging parts of the northern jungle and contaminating hundreds of people in the 1980's. chevron said it will appeal. it is a valentine's day. around the world, couples are
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starting new relationships and leaving old ones behind. a snapshot at different approaches to coupling up. some are very modern. >> in australia, it was not heels, suits, and hair styles. >> i am lisa. >> 130 meters above sea level, it was valentine's day speedskating with a twist. >> it is nerve wracking. you are on top of the bridge, trying to perform under pressure on one of the tallest icons in the world. >> it is an approach to love and relationships which appeals to modern times. millions are looking for love using on-line dating. according to historians, advertising for relationships has been around a long time. >> some of the ads in the 18th- century say, "i want good cow- management skills, and a well
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shaped head." early ads will say, "i moved to the big city. i work too hard. i need to find a husband or wife." across the seas in italy, it is a different market. instead of parts up for grabs, it was unwanted valentine's gifts from past relationships. in thailand, the focus was on what some people might hope for on valentine's day, a good long kiss, though maybe not this long. seven couples celebrated their day by breaking the world record for locking lips, a 32-hour 7 minute and 14 seconds smooch. >> a reminder of the main story. iran has seen what may be the biggest protests against the government in more than a year. an iranian news agency is reporting one person shot dead,
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several wounded, as protesters into iran came out in the hundreds, defying a security crackdown. you can get more on bbc.com. >> hello and welcome. >> see the news unfold, get the top stories from around the globe and click-to-play video reports. go to bbc.com/news to experience the in-depth, expert reporting of "bbc world news" online. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank.
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>> union bank has put its global expertise to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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