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tv   BBC World News  PBS  May 14, 2012 5:00am-5:30am EDT

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>> this is bbc world news. funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. shell. and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> and now, bbc world news.
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>> it looks increasingly unlikely that greece will be able to form a new coalition after the radical left party resumes out taking part. the eurozone finance ministers meet in a few hours to discuss the greek crisis. european stock markets are falling. more survivors of the norwegian massacre are testifying at the trial of killer anders breivik. welcome to "bbc world news." i'm geeta guru-murthy. also in this program -- after the glitz and glamour of cal break-inee, what star will the new first lady of france bring? and the blue half of manchester celebrates an extraordinary last-minute win to claim the premier league title.
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>> hell sandow welcome. the last party being lined is forming a unity government is not possible. the head of the moderate democratic left party said that without the ought territory on board, no government would have the necessary popular support. greece faces possible new elections in june, and senior members of the e.c.b. are opening talkly about greece leaving the euro. today, european markets have been falling. tim orman reports. >> if at first you don't succeed, try, try and try again. greek politicians will continue their talks on monday as they desperately try to form a new government. the one man who says he won't be attending is the leader of the far-left party, syriza. he's pro-euro, but anti-bailout. he says he won't join any government that enforces spending cuts. and if there's no new government, there will be new
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elections. >> there is a kind of game of chicken being played here and some believe they have time on their side. on the other hand, i think the messages coming right now are there is not a lot of room for maneuver as far as the e.u. is concerned. but i certainly hope there will be accommodations somewhere in the middle, because the stakes are very high. >> so what if greece does leave the euro, either voluntarily or otherwise? what would happen next? well, the dragma would be reborn and no doubt immediately plummet in value, making depreek debt even more expensive. the country could default, giving it a chance to rebalance its economy, but creditors will be badly hit. and if greece leaves the eurozone, questions will be asked about other member states who see their borrowing costs soar. countries like spain, which has seen another wave of protests, will be outraged.
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and outrage appears to be spreading across the couldn't net. the dutch government has already fallen, and french president nicolas sarkozy is about to leave office after losing his bid for re-election. his successor, francois hollande has spoken out against austerity. after he's sworn in on tuesday, he'll head to berlin to meet chancellor merkel. what's more important, fighting debt or creating growth? they'll have much to discuss. >> joining me from brussels is our e.u. analyst, jackie davis. jackie, as far as you're aware, is there any possibility now of greece not having to face new elections, and if it does, what does that mean for its bailout deal? >> well, now it's looking almost certain that greece will have to have those new elections next month. of course, there is a paradox, because opinion polls since the first round of inconclusive elections have actually shown
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an increase in support for a party that wants to tear up the bailout packages. but also, the greeks want to stay in the euro by an overwhelming majority. i think what is happening here, we heard european central bankers talking openly about the possibility of greece leaving the euro. the german finance minister also talked about it. everybody saying it's not what we want, but if that is what's happened, what is happens. i think they're trying to send the greeks a very clear message. if you think you can have your cake and eat it too, if you think you can tear up the agreement that u made to reform and cut spending in order to get bailout money from us, think again. you can't have your cake and eat it too. >> but, is it in the interest at the end of the day of the e.c.b., of germany, to allow greece to drop out of the euro? because the prospects surely are terrible for greece and for every other country that could be affected, like portugal and spain. >> well, this is exactly what some people in greece are
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banking on, at the end of the day, the rest of europe is bluffing. the consequences for greece, for the eurozone, the risk of contagion to other countries like spain, portugal, even italy is so great that, in the end, the rest of europe, germany in particular, will do whatever it takes. but we sigh a marked change in language here, which is that the european central bank president talked about incalculable consequences. now you hear e.c.b. members saying it's not what they want, it's not desirable, but it is possible. one talked this weekend about an amiable divorce. another one said the consequences would be much more serious for greece than for europe. so, some greeks politicians arguing it's a bluff, in the end they won't force us to the wire. others saying greece faces a very stark choice this week, that they actually do mean it. i think it t is, yes, we still want to save greece, but not at
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any price. >> thanks very much indeed. aaron, the markets are falling. >> absolutely. i think the markets are reacting to the picture, but also to your guest that was just saying not at any price. that's the worry. two years of will owe their won't they, and people are fed up. if greece is not going to stick by the rules, then greece can leave. that's basically in the language your guest talked about, exactly what we're seeing and reading at the moment, especially from the european central bank. that's a stark turnaround from the language we're using, only, used only a few months ago. let's look at the european markets. the ftse 100 in london, they're down around the 1.5% to 3%. the ftse missed 3.9%. banking shares have taken the biggest hit. some of the french banks are taking the biggest bank. b.n.p. paribas down around 3.5%. soc gen down. credit agricole down. this is because of their exposure so these economies.
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spain is also a big worry. it is spain and greece that will be on the agenda when, you mentioned it earlier, when the european finance ministers meet today. people are saying this is the last chance where they throw the dice on the table to see if they can keep or at least save greece. but if there is no will in greece to stick by the rules, i don't know, the markets think it will be very hard for the eurozone to keep them in the single currency. >> well, they have until thursday when parliament meets. >> but can the markets wait for that? i'll have more in 20 minutes. >> see you then. thank you. the dalai lama is here in london receiving an award worth more than a million dollars. he's been presented with a templeton prize for his exceptional contribution to life's spiritual dimension. but the spiritual leader says he plans to give away the money to charity. more survivors of last summer's massacre in norway are coming face to face with anders behring brev knick court today.
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among them, a 21-year-old woman who was shot in the arm as she fled across the campus on utoya island. it will be another difficult day in court for the survivors. >> last week, of course, we had lots of coroner's reports from the 69 people who were killed on that day. this week, we start hearing from the survivors,. most of them will be giving testimony where shots were just heard. two of them were just heard before the court went into recess. the first one, a young woman was shot in the arm. she managed to swim to shore, which is a considerable feat considering it's more than 600 meters from the island. and now, we've just heard from a young man who was shot in the back, just a few millimeters from being hit in the spine, which would have killed him, but he was lucky in a way, and he hid under a tree. we heard how he covered himself
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in foil and dirt to try to become less visibility with breivik, who, as we heard, was walking around quite calmly shooting people. >> 23 government soldiers have been reported killed in heavy fighting in rastan, syria. the syrian observatory for human rights says rebels were defending the town against a government assault over the weekend. at least nine people have been killed in an explosion in northern afghanistan. the blast happened inside a busy market. a member of the region's provincial council was among those killed. a local doctor said at least 10 people were injured. the military in uganda says it captured a senior commander of the lord's resistance army, a group that's been killing and abducting people for more than 20 years. the ugandan army is one of the top five leaders who was caught in the african republic. the head, joseph kony, is
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wanted for war crimes by the international criminal court. an inquiry finds that 72 civilians were killed in nato air strikes over libya last year. that's the conclusion by human rights watch, which has examined claims of civilian deaths during eight separate nato strikes. it's now called the military alliance to investigate the claims further. our diplomatic correspondent, bridget kendall, reports. >> the aftermath of a nato air strike in libya in august last year. one of the eight incidents that this latest human rights watch report into civilian deaths during the nato campaign went back to examine in detail. here, the report concludes 34 people died. locals said one house was crowded with refugees who fled the fighting. but nato says it was a legitimate target, a staging post for pro-gaddafi forces. and at the time, there were no civilians in the area.
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the aftermath of another air attack, this time in a residential area of tripoli last june. the only case where nato officials have accepted a bomb may have gone astray. but the human rights watch report suggests that in eight serious incidents, 72 civilians died and says it's time these forgotten deaths were properly investigated and acknowledged. >> until now, nato has taken a position of denial. they refuse to acknowledge that civilians died. they refused to give investigation about how they died and refuse to investigate. it's this lack of transparency that's deeply troubling. i think it will lead to unnecessary civilian deaths in the future if nato refuses to look at what went wrong and make corrections. >> nato says civilian deaths can't entirely be avoided, and when they have, they are deeply
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regrettable. but the nato alliance says it took unprecedented care to try to avoid innocent deaths and says it can't accept responsibility when it's never had a team on the ground to confirm what happened. now it's up to the libyan government. nato says it will cooment. bridget kendall, bbc news. >> you're watching "bbc world news." still to come -- we report on a campaign in australia for parents who lose their children before they're born. mexican authorities have discovered 49 mutilated bodies dumped on a roadside near the northern city of monterrey. security officials have blamed the killings on a conflict between rival drug gangs. will grant reports from mexico city.
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>> it was as violent an episode as mexico has seen in its drugs war. dozens of mutilated bodies beheaded and unceremoniously dumped in plastic bags on a road leading out to the industrial city of monterrey. authorities in the region said identification of the bodies was further complicated by the fact the killers had removed the victims' hands. this is a manifestation of violence between rival crimes. this is not an attack on the civilian population. it's very important to recognize that. >> this part of the country is under control of house and drug cartel. in particular, a vast criminal network. the cartels are battling over the lucrative drug route north to the united states. in 2006, the army was deployed to tackle them. six years later, more than 50,000 people have lost their lives in drug-related violence,
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13,000 last year alone. the presidential election here in mexico is just a few weeks away. atop the list of both priorities is security. this shocking event in monterrey made clear whoever wins in july's vote is going to have a very tough time in bringing peace back to the country. will grant, bbc news, mexico city. >> for years, a refugee from yugoslavia mopped floors, cleaned toilets, and took out rubbish at a university in the united states. but after 12 years of studying, the 52-year-old janitor has donned a cap and gown to graduate with a bachelor's degree in classics. as a colombia university employee, he didn't have to pay for the classes he took. this is "bbc world news." i'm geeta guru-murthy. the headlines -- it looks increasingly unlikely that greece will be able to form a new coalition after the radical left party, syriza, rules out
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taking part. as the trial of anders breivik enters its fourth week, more testimony is being heard from survivors of the massacre in norway. >> coming up in sport today in half an hour's time -- last man standing. city against manchester. matt kuchar lands golf's richest prize. the american wins the players championship and takes home a check for over $1 million. and the fedex is gathering pace again. federer wins in madrid and is now up to number two in the world rankings. >> playing with 21 people aboard has crashed in northern nepal, killing at least 15 people. a plane crashed into a mountain while trying to land. survivors in critical condition have been flown by helicopter to hospital. the passengers have been traveling to a popular pilgrimage site for both behind you'res and buddhists.
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let's speak to our correspondent for our nepal service. do we know thousand crashed happened, and what is the situation now with those injured and those killed? >> well, geeta, i just spoke to an officer in nepal, and he told me that the investigations are on to determine the actual cause of the crash. but he said the plane crashed with an air trasm controller, and then the pilot tried to return after aborting the landing attempt. and after that, after the tragic accident, the six survivors have been rescued alive and flown to a nearby town for medical treatment. helicopters have been flown to bring the bodies of those killed in the tragedy. >> thank you very much, our
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correspondent. tomorrow, nicolas sarkozy will hand over power to the french president-elect, francois hollande. alongside mr. hollande in the new job will be his partner, valerie trierwieller, the only first lady to enter the elysee palace without a wedding ring on her finger. christian fraser reports. >> the first lady of france, a role that in recent years has brought glamour and celebrity to the elysee palace. not that valerie trierwieller will be overshadowed by carla bruni-sarkozy. she has star quality of her own. for 20 years she's been a political reporter and presents her own talk show on french television. throughout the election campaign, ms. trierwieller kept
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her distance from the cameras, but she was there. she had an office in socialist headquarters and was always ready to offer advice that mr. hollande clearing values. >> i think she can be very useful to him. i think she was. she knows the ropes. she knows the profession. she knows politics. carla bruni didn't know anything about politics. that's a big difference. >> twice divorced, she has three teenage children. i did not choose a public life, she said recently, i chose francois. indeed she did. and in the wings but still very much on the stage is the woman whose man she stole, the mother of his four children and a former presidential candidate herself. and if that makes life difficult, what about the act ms. trierwieller has to follow? the supermodel, carla bruni, always did outshine the other first ladies on the international stage. her problem was down playing glamour. no such problem for valerie
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trierwieller. she shops for her clothes in the market and spends most of her spare time, she says, searching for clothes under her children's beds. yet her intimate knowledge of the media and her wariness of it has at times made her distant, to the point of appearing cold. one of mrs. sarkozy's supporters renamed her the rottweiler. >> you must never forget that valerie knows our profession, knows the way we begin, and therefore, she's the insider and she's wary, wary. >> certainly she's feisty, her own woman, and more than a photo opportunity. yet, on tuesday, she will walk through the looking glass into a world of kings and queens, leaders and high ceremony. hike like it or not, valerie trierwieller has at least five years to get used to it.
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christian fraser, bsh will be news, paris. >> politicians in australia are due to vote on whether to allow birth certificates to be issued to premature, stillborn babies. at the moment, if a child is stillborn before 20 weeks old, no certificate is issued. for month parents, that only adds to their distress over the loss of their baby, as a lack of a pirt certificate suggests the child never officially existed. duncan kennedy reports. >> it was just before last christmas that this woman's ordeal began. she was just under five months pregnant when doctors told her the heartbeat of her unborn son, jaden, had stopped. she would give birth to a stillborn baby. >> you're going home with empty arms, which is actually quite physically painful. you can't hug your baby. sorry. sorry.
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and i was going to have him, you know, take him home and watch him grow. i wasn't going to get that with jaden, and i knew that, so it was hard to get going. >> the grief was made worse when she discovered she couldn't have a birth certificate, that the infant had been born under 20 weeks. jaden was 19 weeks. >> i suppose it compounded a bit of my pain, because i was like, exactly, that's my baby, that was someone i gave birth to, someone i considered very special and very wanted and very loved, but he didn't exist, and i didn't see how that could possibly be allowed. >> but she couldn't let it go. she poured out her agony on facebook. and within a month, more than 2,000 people had signed up to a
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campaign to change the law on birth certificates. >> this is jaden's law. >> now, in the south australian parliament, her case has been taken up to amend existing laws so instead of 20 weeks, birth certificates for stillborns can be issued at 12 weeks. but some have objected, saying the issue goes to the heart of when life begins. but any changed birth certificate laws put pressure on abortion laws. >> it's not very far to go from a provision which says a birth certificate can be issued at 12 weeks of pregnancy if it's a still birth, to then pressure coming up on the issue of whether abortion should be permitted past 12 weeks of pregnancy. >> natalia says she has no desire to change abortion laws. for her, birth certificates for stillborns is a simple matter of compassion. >> there's a lot more to it
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than being just a piece of paper and people should not really underestimate how important this is to someone who is absolutely heartbroken and devastated over a loss. >> duncan kennedy, bbc news, in south australia. >> one woman's heartbreaking story there in australia. now, the founder of the anti-whaling organization, sea shepherd, has been arrested in germany. according to the group, paul watson was detained for allegedly confronting a costa rican boat while making a film about illegal shark fishing in 2002. during the incident, shots were fired by a guatemalan gunboat which was trying to intercept the boat. manchester city celebrates a victory by parading their trophy in an open-top bus through the center of manchester later. the final day was season was one of the most dramatic and thrilling in its history. city took the title for the first time in 44 years. bbc's sally
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amount of money, hundreds of millions of pounds, poured into it from abbey dhabi. there's a great big banner that says manchester thanks you, sheik, because it is the sheik's money that made the difference here. all around this club, you will see evidence that have money. but nowhere perhaps more so than in its team. that team is worth an awful lot of money, more than 100 million pounds. and they have won the title. they've had a very, very successful season. lots of people would say, can you buy the english premier league title? i don't think it's quite as straight forward as that. the season is very long, grueling, a lot of matches, and in order to get to the top of it, you simply have to be the
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best team in the league. you have to play the best football consistently. and that's not just about having the most expensive team necessarily, but you're right, in terms of changing the complexion of this club, it is their first title for 44 years. it is the first time they have ever won the premier league, so big celebration last night, and more to come today. >> looking at pictures of the celebration there. much more, as you said, later today. you surely can't get to the top of the premier league with clubs like chelsea without having huge injections of cash usually, not british cash. >> that's right. you look at the english premier league, and you would have to say that all of the money certainly in the top half of the premee league comes from outside britain. that's the way football is managed now, by these big, wealthy individuals or corporations. look at liverpool. they're owned by american owners who've had huge success over in the states. they come in and buy what they would call a franchise. for lots of football fans here, they see it as a franchise and as a business. >> sally nugent there.
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