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tv   BBC World News  PBS  May 17, 2012 5:00am-5:30am EDT

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>> this is bbc world news. funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. shell. and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> and now, bbc world
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news. >> a government has been sworn in to take greece through new elections next month. ratko mladic with his allege do so role in the srebrenica massacre. and the blind act cyst chen guangcheng the tells the bbc he's brian promised a passport within a few weeks. and facebook set the price for the biggest-ever share sale, but is it worth it? and why it's never too old to give. we have the story of an 83-year-old man who offered his kidney for donation.
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>> hello. greece's new care taking government has been sworn in and will trun elections for a month's time. the administration has done little if anything to calm concerns about the debt. let's get a full picture of what's happening earlier. i spoke to richard gal pin in athens and in madrid where we're expecting a bond auction. >> to deep government tipping over, but it's to basically prepare for holding elections on june 17. but of course, you know, this is a very critical time, and greece is falling behind on its commitment in the bailout agreement with the european union and i.m.f. so critical decisions are not
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being taken. a lot of things have been suspended, because there's now a much bigger process with elections on may 6 and now another, so it's a waste of five or six weeks before they can actually start talking to a properly-formed government and get decisions made. >> and it's worth pointing out now the momentum with the anti-austerity parties. >> yes. absolutely according to the latest opinion polls, it appears those parties on the left basically seem to be extending their lead over the other parties, 4 percentage points over its nearest rival. there's still a ways to go. there's still four weeks until
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the election, and things can change, but if it carries on in this current trajectory, they will have a government led by a radical left-wing party which has made it clear it wants to' a complete renegotiation of the bailout and will not implement austerity measures until that takes place. >> and tom burridge, we're going to see the true extent of the fears of spain's ability to work today. >> normally you don't get this kind of excitement over the bond auctions. the key thing to watch is whether borrowing rates go up.
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why are there fears? the underlying fears of the spanish banks. here the banks were partly nationalized last week. one of those rorts was to tell the banks to increase their level of capital as an insurance against losses citizens property boom and future losses over the housing market. but of course if the banks increase the level of capital they have and then essentially they don't have as much capital in reserve. and that's what's happened recently. spanish banks by spanish government debt. >> you're right. you're right in the eye of the political storm. now we have this british prime minister david cameron. of course outside the euro zone, but we understand is going to say today, make up or
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break up. that's the message for the euro zone. how's that going to go down? >> i think some euro zone members will see it as interference -- unwelcome interference from from an often perceived problematic nation. so trying to blame the whoas of the british economy on the euro zone. but it is clear britain and indeed the global economy would be affected if there were to be a significant shot coming out of greece, greece leaving the euro. nobody knows quite what would happen. when you think back to when lehman brothers collapsed, that sent shock waves around the world. you've had robert zell i can, the world bank president saying the problem is not greece.
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it's italy and spain. the implication clearly being that there would be major economic shocks potentially for other euro zone communities and heard another saying the shock waves would spread out from a greek euro exit. and i think we need to bear in mind, at this moment in time there does seem to be a install and closing yet nevertheless a window of opportunity. and it is this. that's greeks, some 80% of them don't want to leave the euro. those they might support my be pushing the case of the bailout. and they were saying there couldn't be any tinkering with the bailout deal. but he is still the considered
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opinion of most parties? it would be more costly for the euro zone and indeed the global economy were greece to leave the euro. that's quite strong and in greece's favor. there's still a potential for an exit, but policymakers appear to be focused on doing all they can to first persuade greeks to vote the right way but also to make sure greece doesn't leave the euro zone. that will be the focus coming in the coming weeks. >> aaron, you've got the details on that bond auction? >> not great, is it? >> no. investors forced spain to pay a higher interest rate, a sharply higher interest rate. the rate they charge to borrow their money. when we talk to that short to
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medium turn, rates are particularly lower on those. if you look at a 10-year bond, that's a long time and confidence not so great on the long-term picture but medium -term bonds, they raise $3.2 million but were paying about 4.5% on -- 5% on a short-term bond but that's a figure you think is high on a 10-year bond. >> absolutely as within here, the unemployment. i know we have been talking about the amount hearing from the government of the greek central bank, the amount of money that has been sifting out of the banks but quite possibly the european central bank in terms of access to loan funding
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in the e.c.b. >> let's look at facebook. >> yes. the pricing of facebook. between $34-$38 a share. the rich are only going to get richer. mark zuckerberg will be walking away with 100 billion worth more than kraft and disney and all that. >> of what hoo! >> aaron, we'll see if it does transpyre. to china now as the blind dissident activist chen guangcheng has confirmed to the bbc that he does expect to be give an passport in the course of the next two weeks. he's been the center of a diplomatic row since he fled to the united states -- the american ambassador.
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-- american embassy. afterwards he said beijing wouldn't guarantee his safety. now he wants to study abroad, a decision supported by america. but as of yet he is yet to get a passport. but here's what he had to say when we spoke to him a little earlier. >> people from the immigration administration department have been here. we had our pictures taken and forms filled out. they said within is 15 days. i think once i get the passport, they should not be bothering with this thing anymore. they didn't promise him they will get the passports. they didn't say we will definitely get passport on a certain day. there was nothing like that toldus to. i can't walk at the moment. my wife also needs afrolve get outside. i believe they wouldn't let me
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go out even if i can walk. >> well, why is all this taking so long? i think one of the venus beijing doesn't want to be seen as caving into american pressure. it said mr. chen can apply to study abroad like any other ordinary chinese citizen, emphasis on ordinary, so i think beijing wants to be seen as going through procedures, but while he remains hold up in a hospital, this crisis is not over. >> going to the hague as arguably the worst single incident of bosnian conflict is the focus today. we're getting some of the documentation being put up on the screens at the tribunal in the hague as prosecutors start to run through the role of ratko mladic the bosnian serb
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chief at the time. with was described as the worst single atrocity since the second world war. >> ratko mladic is now in the courtroom right above this room in the hague. we're expecting them to go through some of the details to outline the details of srebrenica. over 7,000 muslim boys and men were killed. separated from their families and taken off to be killed. today we'll hear more about that. and they will probably be using photos and videos in court. >> i suspect so, anna. this must be the highest profile moment for the entire netherlands perhaps of any of
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the former yugoslavia trial so far given the dutch peace keepers that were in srebrenica and moved out leaving the path clear for the massacre that followed. >> yes. they were peacekeeping forces and didn't have the power to stop this separation and massacre. unarguably he was one of the big leaders. another is also on trial here at the hague. one of the reasons they are trying to speed up the process of getting ratko mladic's trial underway is because of what happened to slobodan milosevic who was here. four years into his trial, he died in custody, so for many of their victims, they never saw justice. so they are looking at this trial as a possibly of him
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getting justice. >> now thousands of heart attacks and strokes could be prevented if the cholesterol-lowering drugs, the statens were more widely prescribed. that's the new research published in the report. they say statens provide protection even for those at low risk and relaxing the current guidelines would save lives. staying on a medical issue, donating a kidney to someone who needs it more than you is a kind act. the 83-year-old did it and became the oldest kid any donation. why doctors thought his kidney at the age of 83 would be good
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for donation. >> i had to pay 14 or 15 visits to the hospital to find out if it was suitable. and they had to determine whether i was fit. that was the first thing to do, and then they had to determine if my kidney was suitable as well. it turns out it was. >> i understand you had the kidney of a 40-year-old. >> yes. they told me i had formula one kidneys, which was quite flattering. >> then explain why you agreed at the age of 83. i'm not flattering you to say you certainly don't look it. but why did you decide then to donate a kidney? >> well, it's nice at age 83 to still be of use. and the number of opportunities here, not very great. and it seemed to me i could make the most use of myself by
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giving a kidney that would enable someone to live a reasonable life for many years. and you see a living kidney is much more valuable than a kidney from a deceased donor. a kidney from a deceased donor lasts about 10 years to where as a kidney from a live donation is good for 15 years. >> and the testing of this giant underwater turbine set to catch the current. we'll see how they work. >> the brazilian president has inaugurated a truth commission to investigate human rights abuses including those during military rule from 1964-1985. but there will be no trials. >> after decades of silence and
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unanswered questions, brazil is finally facing the truth with the inauguration of a commission to investigate the past. brazilian president is among the thousands of brazilians arrested and tortured. >> brazilians deserve the truth. and those who lost friends and relatives deserve the facts. they continue to suffer and die a little bit each day. >> they have the support of three other former presidents who attended. but for some in the military, her deep involvement with this issue is just further evidence that the truth commission is an biased attempt at revenge. others criticized the
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commission, because it had powers to investigate and even name people involved in crimes but will not be able to punish anybody because of a 1979 amnesty law. the seven commissioners sworn in today will have two years to carry out inquiries and to write a report. there is little hope anybody will be prosecuted. but the investigations may at long last bring closure for victims and their families. pablo in sow power. >> you're watching "bbc world news." i'm david eades. the headlines this hour. a caretaker government has been sworn in to take greece to new elections next month. the war crimes trial of general ratko mladic is focusing on his role in the massacre of 7,000 men and boys from srebrenica.
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>> in half an hour, who will succeed the manager of liverpool? the club owner saying they are looking for long-term appointment. the olympic flame is to be formally handed to the relay in athens. >> i don't think he's going to get back to the level he was. no doubt about that. the competition's gotten better since he's been away. >> and the european ryder cup gives his verdict on tiger woods' form. >> now stormy waters off the islands north of scotland, a new system for harnessing tidal power. the currents flowing there are some of the strongest in the world and the challenge is formidable. venturing out to see the latest device being put through its
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paces. >> under sea, amongst the island in a channel known to be pretty turbulent, and it's through here every day there's a massive tidal tchaurnt flows between atlantic and north sea. potentially extraordinarily power which is why a range of energy devices is being tested here. one of them lies beneath the waves just below me here. i can assure you in some underwater footage taken by a robotic vehicle how this thing works. it's a giant propeler that spins as the tide flows, generating electricity sent by table on to the mainland. the plan is for 10 of these devices to be deployed that should produce 10 megawatts of
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power. it would be one of the largest commercial tidal power installations when it's complete. but to put this in perspective, you will need 1,000 of these machines to match the output you would get from a normal oil or coal or gas power station. operating in these harsh, turbulent conditions is a challenge. let me show you how they installed this. under flood lights at night when the currents were a little calmer. to plant these in regions like this. but people behind us believe it is vital for britain's energy future to harness the massive power here out at sea. >> david shipman on perhaps the future. >> now the pakistani government may be close to lifting the
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block aid. there's still angry opposition among some pakistanis. reporting now from the city of karachi. >> there are hundreds of oil tankers with fuel meant for nato forces in afghanistan sitting idol here. the drivers are desperate to get back to work inspite of the risks. just days before pakistan imposed its blockade, he says his nephew was on his way to deliver his cargo. he was shot dead by militants. mohammad, himself, a driver says he still wants the supply route re-opened. forget politics, he says. we're thinking about how to feed ourselves. if i die in a nato truck like
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my nephew, it's because of my poverty. but there are huge numbers of pakistanis who feel they should never transport nato goods. tens of thousands have attended rallies calling for an end to all cooperation with the u.s. and say if the blockade is lifted, there will be fury. >> along the routes used to transport the nato supplies, we lie on the roads and say this protest we can make. >> middle tenant groups have done much worst in the past including attacks on convoys. nato kept using the rout because the alternatives were much more costly, so many here blamed america for the spilling of muslim blood. it wants the death of 20 more
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pakistani soldiers that caused islamabad to block the route for nato fuel and goods. >> in a private freight yard behind me, there are 89 trucks loaded with nato supplies, with equipment and four-by-four vehicles needed by troops in afghanistan. the company hopes these trucks will be back on the road soon, but the fear is their journey to afghanistan will now be all the more dangerous because of the sometimes furious opposition here to pakistan allowing them through. "bbc news." >> summer quoted words for you. we are living in perilous times, greece on the brink and the survival of the euro in question. opening words of a speech being delivered by prime minister david cameron. in which he is also urging
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europe to get on and solve out its currency crisis. make up or break up is one of the lines i hear we expect in that speech. perhaps you can talk us through some of the points he's making here, naomi? >> yes. he is building on words used in the house of commons, in other words saying europe needs to get its act together or it is looking at a potential breakup. the things he's asking euro zone countries to do is to make sure they have got an effective firewall and make sure their banks are properly capitalized and to put in place a better system of burden-sharing. so in other words, he is saying they really need get on with this whole process. so the political and fiscal unions. >> thank you naomi. a snap of what david cameron is
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saying. we'll have more on "bbc world news" today. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> this is kim -- about to feel one of his favorite sensations. at shell, were developing more efficient fuels in countries like malaysia that can help us get the most from our energy resources. lets use energy more efficiently. lets go.
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