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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  May 17, 2012 5:30pm-6:00pm EDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. shell. and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news america."
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>> this is "bbc world is america" reporting from washington. in greece, the government is so new and temporary, but the problems are old and permit. -- this is "bbc world news america." for the first time, the majority of american babies are not white. ♪ ♪ she was the queen of disco. tonight, we look back at the life and music of donna summer. welcome to our viewers on pbs in
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america and also around the globe. a new government was sworn into office in greece but there's not much point learning its name because tomorrow it will be resolved. the political chaos is creating even greater economic concerns. grade debt was grounded -- was downgraded even further. -- greek debt was downgraded even further. >> it is a government with little power in a country with dwindling options. they swore in a cabinet of technocrats, their job is to guide agrees to its second election in as many months. this is a ritual which is costing greece time. greeks have been withdrawing
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large sums from the banks to pay bills and also to try to ensure that the money is safe if the country is forced out of the euro. it is not a run on the banks but some fear that might not be far off. >> we hear so many scenarios. we don't know what the truth is. only europe can find the solution. i don't have any hope, another said. things are going to get worse. this afternoon, senior eu leaders held a conference call. among them, the new french president. there are signs that president francois hollande is a face to be bold. they had called the eurozone to find a solution -- like david cameron called on the eurozone to find a solution. >> you need well capitalized
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banks, supportive monetary policy across the eurozone, or we are in uncharted territory, which carries huge risks for everybody. >> in new york, the president of the european commission addressed the u.n. general assembly. he called for continued economic reform in europe but also for renewed investment in transport, energy. he cautioned those predicting the breakup of the euro. >> euro is more than a monetary construction, this is the product of a project of peace, which was the origins of the european integration. this political process will unite us beyond temporary difficulties. >> in spain, those difficulties were increasing. the government had to pay more toorrow money. not helpful in a country where
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the baking system is in need of massive government funding to stay afloat. the spanish leaders believe that the longer the greek crisis stays on, the greater the chance that they and others will be dragged down further. this is a slow-moving story. no one knows where it will hit. it is that which is so and irving. -- unnerving. >> i am joined by our guest from the peace institute for economics. this is a slow-moving story, but are we nearing decision time for greece? >> there is no doubt that greece is being asked to reconsider the decision that they took in the previous election. in the election and has been called for late june. the euro area is playing a hardball game by saying that if
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you continue down this path and you let this government dropped, we look cut you off from funding. then, greece can decide whether it would want to stay in the euro or not. >> there are people who are talking about whether greece will leave, but when. >> i think that that might be too pessimistic because i think that we should listen to what even the greek population is saying. they would like to keep the greek in the euro but they want to repudiate the program. they expect that nothing will happen from that. i think that the worst that will immediately happen if -- is elected, he ditches the imf program, europe cut off funding, and then agrees has about six weeks or so of money before it runs out of cash. in that time, they will have to
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decide what to do. it would be extremely volatile but it is too early to say that even he will want to quit the euro because the decision will be reset. the eu cannot take greece out. >> it will be a hot summer. is it possible for greece to have less austerity? we now have a new french president promising the same thing. it is it a realistic possibility for european countries under stress to say the austerity thing did not work, we will change it to something else? >> no, if we think about a reorientation towards growth as a sort of traditional fiscal stimulus, that will absolutely not happen. not in greece, not in europe, also not what president francois hollande is advocating. the kind of fiscal stimulus we
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are talking about in the growth compact where i think the difference is between angela merkel and president francois hollande. these will not be that big. it will be much more limited. >> international markets are looking at what is happening in france, in greece, and saying, we don't like this. >> markets do not like uncertainty. what we have in abundance increase right now is uncertainty. that is what they react adversely to. spain, with the spanish banking system in particular. once we have established that there is really not much sunlight between hollande and merkel. they will be able to plot a path forward. greece, at this point and time, will have had a chance to decide once again. >> i am so glad that you ended
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on an optimistic note. >> pleasure. >> thank you. it has taken two decades to get ratko mladic to trial but after one day, the judge suspended proceedings. the prosecution failed to give evidence to the defense team. this came after a tense day in court which focused on the srebrenica massacre in which 8000 men and boys were killed allegedly on the orders of ratko mladic. >> he came to court knowing that today would be devoted to the most victorious massacre of the entire war, the killing of 7000 men and boys in srebrenica in four days in 1995. >> this was and will remain genocide. "he listened with the reaction as the prosecutor -- >> he listened with no reaction as a prosecutor said that the
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fact of the crime was never in doubt. the srebrenica enclave had been surrounded and bombarded fourth three years. by 1995, 40,000 people had been crowded into the town. serb forces overran the enclave. 25,000 women and children were forcibly expelled. 7000 muslim men and boys were rounded up. here, and military cameraman records a man being ordered by his captives to shout into the hills, calling on his son to turn himself in. he did. he and his father were both killed. in three days, 7000 were murdered by firing squad and their bodies disposed of in mass graves. it was a highly disciplined military operation.
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>> they carried out there murderers orders with incredible discipline, organization, and military efficiency. capturing, detaining, transporting, murdering, and bearing over 7000 men and boys was a truly amazing feat of utter brutality. >> the court heard in january of this year, ratko mladic's injured a plea, claiming that when the killings took place, the general was in belgrade. defense mladic's injured a plea, claiming that he was in belgrade when the killings of place. that was correct, the prosecution said. however, he could have given the order for it. he has not spoken yet. he denies all of the charges against him. >> members of srebrenica being
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heard there in the hague today. from other news around the rose, two days after his reelection, the head of the opposition bloc of syria has announced that he will resign. -- from other news around the world, two days after his reelection, the head of the opposition bloc of syria has announced he will resign. he was reelected in a vote held in rome on tuesday. north korean officials have demanded payment before they will release the chinese fishing boats with a total of 29 men on board. authorities in beijing say that they are working closely with north korean officials to reach a resolution. the chinese owners of the boat to say that they were seized by north korean gunboats. the u.s. is suspending most economic sanctions against burma in response to a series of democratic reforms. the measure announced by hillary clinton will allow american
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companies to invest in burma, but an arms embargo will stay in place. this weekend, world leaders will gather in chicago for a nato summit which comes among signs -- amid signs that the pakistani government could be lifting their blockade on the goods that would flow from pakistan into afghanistan. there is still angry opposition among many pakistanis. >> there are hundreds of oil tankers that fuel the nato forces in afghanistan sitting idle here. the drivers are desperate to get back to work in spite of the risk. just days before pakistan and post its blockade, this man said that his nephew was on his way to deliver his cargo. he was shot dead by militants.
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he is a driver. he would like the nato supply route reopened. for good politics, he says. we are thinking of how to feed ourselves. -- for get politics, he says. it is poverty that causes us to do this job. if i die like my nephew, because is poverty. there are those who feel he should never transport nato goods. tens of thousands have attended rallies by right wing and religious parties, calling for an end to all cooperation with the u.s.. if the blockade is lifted, there will be fury. >> along the routes used to transport the supplies, we sit down on the roads. we say, drive it over us if you want to. this is a protest that we can make. >> militant groups have done
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much worse in the past including attacks on convoys. nato kept using the route because the alternatives were far more costly. they knew many here blame america for the spilling of muslim blood. it was the death of 24 pakistani soldiers in a nato raid which caused islamabad to block the route for nato to lead goods. in the private yard behind me, there are 89 trucks loaded with nato supplies. there are vehicles needed by troops in afghanistan. they hope that these trucks will be back on the road soon but the fear is that their journey to afghanistan will now be all the more dangerous. there is sometimes furious opposition here to pakistan allowing them through. >> welcome to the changing color
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of america. for the first time in u.s. history, racial and ethnic minorities now make up more than half of all children born in this country. the figures revealed in new census data are being seen as a watershed moment. for more on what it means, i'm joined by our guest from the brookings institution. thank you for coming in. this is being part of a trend. what does this number actually change? >> well, this to pinpoint has surprised to many people in the u.s. all you have to do is look around the playground and a picnic tables where there are families and children to know that there are very different hues and backgrounds. we were expecting this for a long time. these numbers really put an exclamation point on it. this is really a change the american wave that we only
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casually observed. now. >> there has been suggestions that the new immigrants are going to melt back into the american population in the waves that -- ways that previous waves of immigration did. is that true? >> one of the things we can find, when young children come here, their parents might be immigrants. they want to learn english printer by the third generation, they hardly know spanish. there is an increase in interracial dating and marriage is. even within the hispanic groups which are different groups, mexicans, salvadorans, and so on. there is interracial marriages. i think the of people today don't have that racial stereotypes in their head that older generations may have about them. >> why is this such a political
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issue? we are in a presidential election. we have seen immigration raised in the republican primary campaign. as you have said, people are not as racially sensitive as they might have been. where is the politics? >> is the older part of the population having trouble. >> they're concerned about these numbers? >> they are concerned about any kind of change. the over 50 population is made up a large portion of baby boomers, largely white, who were born in the 1950's an 1960's. they are kind of an insulated population. within this group, there was african-americans who were separated a way. they have lived their lives a little bit away from this globalization. now, when they see large numbers of young people coming in with different backgrounds, they are scared that their tax money will
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be going to people who are not personally associated with them and that there might be things in this country that don't seem quite right to them. this is the older fading part of america. >> you could look at it from a glass half full. the remarkable thing is that there has not been a large amount of social tension created by numbers that have risen very fast. >> that's correct. the only indication is a lot of the push back on our immigration laws in the u.s. amazingly, states that don't have a lot of new immigrants, have tended to enact these kind of punitive immigration laws that say you have to have an id to do certain things, your children cannot go to college. this is the part of the country where there is not a lot of immigration. >> thank you very much. you are watching "bbc world news america," still to come --
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♪ ♪ remembering donna summer and her disco beat. we have the sound that made her an icon in the 1970's. now, to the passing of the olympic flames. the fire is officially in british hands tonight despite pouring rain in athens. tomorrow, it will catch a flight to the united kingdom. >> the olympic flame had better get used to this. after a week in the greek sunshine, the torch was given a rather damp sendoff in athens this afternoon. despite that, the london 2012 delegation insists it will not dampen the impact of the arrival of the flame. >> this is an amazing moment.
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lighting the attached paper of the 70-day fuse will detonate with a great pyro technician. >> as the president of the british olympic association, the princess royal has been an essential figure in the preparations for the london games. >> this has been watched by the queen and other members of the royal family. >> in 1976, princess and became the first member of the royal family to compete in the in olympics. -- princess anne became the first member of the royal family to compete in the olympics. she is known as a fierce competitor. it would have loved to compete here? >> i would have found it very difficult to do it on home turf. it would be much easier to do it someplace else. i would hate to do it now. >> because of the pressure? >> yes, to everyone. once upon a time it would have
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been one or two of the athletes that had higher profiles. >> with the flame safely in british hands, tomorrow it starts its journey back to the uk. could this be the moment when the games really take off? >> clean energy, everyone is talking about it and scientists are looking for any kind of potential. in scotland, they are trying out a novel anergy to harnessed -- a novel method to harness the energy of the tides. >> from the air, the island's look serene. the water, placid. but these cs holding credible power -- these seas hold incredible power. the swell is heavy.
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the tides are among the fastest in the world. ahead of us, a device to make use of this energy. this looks like a wind turbine. giant blades turning in the tide and generating electricity. the fraction of tidal power is that it is completely predictable. a massive current flows through these islands and the north sea and back again at up to 10 miles per hour every day. the trick is to harness all that power down beneath the waves. the only way to see the turbine is by remote control submarine. carrying a camera into the murky waters. down there, the vast machine spins gently. to slow to harm to fish, apparently, but fast enough to
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make of lectures city. they plan to install 10 devices next year. -- too slow to harm to fish, apparently, but fast enough to make electricity. >> at the time that the device has been on the seabed. it can perform with quite a lot of power output. we believe it will be credible and reliable. we have confidence we will build these in the future. >> dozens of possibilities are being tried out. it is too early to judge if any will work on an industrial scale. >> these are experimental machines. we have seen a big shift in recent times. we have seen industrial companies taking an interest and investing hard cash into these projects. >> the energy flowing around our shores could be a major source of power. it will take years of research to make it happen.
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>> now, she was the queen of disco whose pulsating tunes with a soundtrack for 8 generations -- for a generation. donna summer and died after a battle with cancer. >> it was in 1977, the sound of the future. the synthesizers, donna summer's boys. it was the birth of electronic dance music. -- donna summer's voice. donna summer had grown up in boston and then moved to germany. there, she met a producer. "love to love you, baby" was for
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it sometime, racy and sexy. -- was for its time, racy and sexy. >> this is a milestone in the history of electronic music and it will be recognized as such. she had 29 hit singles and today, her family said that she was a woman of many gifts. she was a woman of faith. it made her uncomfortable with her older songs. she denied allegations that she made anti-gay comments. she continued to have hits. as the years when to buy, all was forgotten. the old songs were performed again. she was the queen of disco. >> the fabulous donna summer
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clothes in the show for us. thank you for joining us, too in tomorrow. -- the fabulous donna summer closing the show for us. >> make sense of international news at >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> this is kim -- about to feel one of his favorite sensations. at shell, we're developing more efficient fuels in countries like malaysia that can help us get the most from our energy resources. let's use energy more efficiently. let's go.
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>> "bbc world news america" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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