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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 12, 2012 5:30pm-6:00pm EST

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>> this is "bbc world news." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to know your business, offering specialized solutions and capital to help you meet your growth objectives. we offer expertise and tailored
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solutions for small businesses and major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america." i am katty kay. an assault as engines rise between syria and israel. it is a fortress like no other. how did one intruder slipped past security to get his hands on the keys to the tower of london?
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on publice to our viewers television and around the globe. the conflict in syria has widened with israel saying it will respond with severity if any more mortars landed in the heights. this has happened twice and wise israel has responded. today with direct hits on syrian units. the violence comes at the same time as the arab league has recognized the newly formed syrian opposition bloc as legitimate. on the ground, aircraft co. continued their bombardment. >> the war is brought perilously close to the turkish border. one of the bombs brought by syrian air force jets exploded barely 10 meters from the
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frontier, shattering windows and the turkish side. activists had several people were killed in the bombing. government forces try to recapture the town that fell to the rebels last week. the hostilities that more refugees streaming across the border. turkish ambulances were standing by to cope. with 120,000 refugees in camps in turkey, acura is concerned about the spill over. the head of neda said the organization stands ready to protect turkey if need be. the turkish foreign minister congratulating the just elected leader of the new unified syrian opposition coalition. turkey and its allies and friends and syria a group of nations that backed the face serious opposition have pledged to give it full recognition and
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support. we will do everything possible to get recognition from this new body. we will work with the arab league and the gulf states, europe, and america and it will announce recognition of your counsel as the only legitimate representative of the syrians. while the west clearly hopes the unification of opposition groups could be a turning point back -- could be a turning point, the regime had dismissed meetings out of hand. with the only dialogue going on is on the battlefield which is moving in relentlessly around the capitol like here in the damascus suburbs. the unified opposition and its outside backers insist that bashar assad must go before there can be any dialogue. he is clearly not ready to do that. >> the war in syria continues as
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do their regional implications. when the head of the cia resigns after admitting to an extramarital affair and it turns out investigations have known about it for months, there are bound to be questions. the public learn about their fair and friday. patraeus step down and it was with his biographer. senior members of congress want to know why there were not told sooner. what is it that lawmakers want? congress likes to feel they're in the loop, particularly if you have the situation where there is the potential for the director of the cia to have been compromised in some sort of way. those are responsible to
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oversee feel that they are responsible. >> there was no criminal activity and security had not been compromised. >> the fbi is one of the 16 intelligence agencies, once they started looking into whether or not there had been a compromise, the lawmakers who oversee the cia feel they should have at least been told that there was -- that there was something going on. >> she had some security clearance but there was question about whether she was in possession of cigarettes and how did she get them? >> exactly. -- in possession of secrets and how did she get them? >> they must have come from somewhere else. there has been some sort of assessment of those documents and has been determined it does not pose a major threat that she had them.
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>> the fbi started this investigation in the summer. who else knew about this before members of congress and the public and journalists found out about it last friday? >> aye in may, it was brought to the attention of the near -- of the public. it took the fbi some time to figure, who was sending them because there were set from an anonymous e-mail account. by the end of december the had traced it to her and in the process of looking at her e- mail, they discovered these exchanges with director petraeus. they started to examine a little bit further what had happened and i believe the attorney general was brought in during that summer because he had to
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sign off on certain kinds of investigative activity. >> what has the reaction been at the cia? quex have been shocked. there has been a great deal of shock and surprise. the relationship was publicly very close. they did not make any secret of the fact they spent for -- a fair amount of time together. it was about -- the understanding that this was for her writing pursuits. this is someone who -- it was an affair that was hiding in plain sight. >> did he have to go? >> bana. there is no law or internal regulation that says he had to go. there are people who are at cia who had an extramarital affair and things like that. i think what -- the question he
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faced was if this becomes something that is known to the public, is going to be acceptable within that sort of reference for the director of the cia to continue to lead amortization especially when it became public that another employee was involved in one of these affairs. there would be a lot of questions. >> thank you. it has been another tumultuous day at the bbc. two more senior executives have temporarily step down pending results from inquiries into why a program about alleged child use by a former bbc star was dropped. the director general resigned following another report accusing another politician's sex abuse. >> is this the man to save the bbc? the broadcaster's crisis has claimed some senior staff.
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tim davies is charged with studying the ship. it was the flagship news program, "newsnight" that made two mistakes, wrongly accusing politicians. that led to the resignation of the director general. the new acting boss is trying to reestablish public faith. >> it has been a very difficult episode and the bbc it is all about trust. bbc needs to be trusted. if we have not got that we have not done anything. what i have done over the last day at has been a busy day, have focused on creating a simple change of command in the news and worked on how i can get assurances as the man in charge in the output we have to be trustworthy. >> that means a reshuffle.
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two senior executives, and her deputy have been asked to step aside for the time being. already there is a new headache. questions in parliament. his $700,000 severance package has been criticized by the prime minister and other cabinet ministers. george entwhistle has taken full responsibility for the feelings of "newsnight" and it was for this reason he decided to resign. the circumstances of his departure make it hard to justify the level of severance money that has been agreed. >> some, including the labour opposition say the focus on the drama at the bbc risks leading the victims of child abuse to be
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forgotten. the bbc produces hundreds of hours of broadcasting every day from international news to local radio. supporters say would be very unfair if one is program into painting the entire brand. >> a quick look at other news from around the world. at a summit, leaders said force might be needed to dismantle what they call terrorists and criminal networks. reports from kenya said the number of peace officers killed in an ambush by suspected cattle rustlers has reached 40. more bodies were found on monday in northern kenya, where the
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ambush took place. leaders are meeting in brussels to discuss whether to release new funds to index increase. -- indebted greece. a top aide of luna da silva has been sentenced for corruption. ruling communist party will announce new leaders. it is a once in a decade transition. economic reforms have sped ahead, making china the world's second-largest economy. for many, the pace of political changes to slow. our world affairs editor looks at how an old political system is operating in a changing nation. >> this was once a place without a name. just a number. some secret -- so secret it was
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not on the map. it was an industrial zone where armaments were made. so-called district 798. now is the center for artists and galleries. young, educated people here feel increasingly left out of the system altogether. >> as a young womna, she -- woman, she worked in a missile factory. now she is a writer. >> this is at a crucial state. general reforms have to be introduced. there will be reforms but probably not as much as people hope for. i will say that there will be more protests. >> from this austere little flat in northwest beijing comes the quietly critical thoughts of a famous 23-year-old.
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facebook and twitter are banned here. on the chinese equivalent, she has nearly 6 million followers. more than victoria beckham. people are chatting on-line about politics and society. and strong censorship. chrysler posted something, staff -- when i posted something, a staff called me. by contrast, the old china looks amazingly outmoded and uptight. yet that is partly an illusion. the truth is the system has been pretty sophisticated and allowed people greater freedom. standing here on the great wall,
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it is a powerful reminder that your out it's a man's history, china has always swung between periods of strong central government and decay. chaos is something that terrifies china's politicians even nowadays. what are we headed into now? greater strength, or greater weakness? in the shadow of the wall, an unexpected figure has opened a small traditional hotel. laurence brahm is an american entrepreneur that served as an economic adviser. he has unusual insight into chinese politics. >> they will continue as long as they deliver growth to the people. as long as they are able to deliver prosperity. china has begun to feel the effects of the global financial crisis and as fast as a group,
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it could also fall to corruption. >> revolution, corruption, reform, decay is the pattern. the new regime announced this thursday will have to find out where in the cycle we are now. john simpson, bbc news, at the great wall. >> there is -- as the communist party prepares to unveil the new regime, we look at the challenges facing the top leaders. to find out, go to heavy rain turns venice into waterworld. concern over what will happen to the city's valuable possessions. spanish banks agreed to stop evicting people cannot pay their home loans. the decision after a woman
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committed suicide last week. local officials arrived to take possession of her house. >> another home is due to be repossessed in spain. this protest has blocked thousands of victims. inside, an ecuadorean family that cannot pay their mortgage. one of -- to one of several spanish banks which is being bailed out. many people are angry but up till now, the bank has been helping out people hard hit by the crisis. >> i feel a victim like thousands of people that all these -- all this victim is given to the banks and the can i use it to help people. >> the egger has risen since a woman killed herself in the basque country in the north of spain. she jumped from her fourth floor
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flat on friday. just as local officials arrived to evict her from her home. a protest in the woman posing local city followed. this was not the first case of this kind. a man in the city of grenada apparently killed himself last month. his house was also about to be repossessed. pressuring the banks has been building, not just from protests like this one which has been here for three weeks but also from politicians. many believe that if the banks were to be bailed out, they in turn should help out some of those worst hit by the economic crisis. today, it looks like that finally will happen. spain's banks have suspended evictions for two years. the most vulnerable people who cannot meet the payment on their mortgages.
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>> when you visit dennis, you expect to see a lot of water. you do not expect to have to wade through any deep but on sunday, nearly three-quarters of the city was flooded when torrential rain poured down. the nation is used to flooding at this time of year. the frequency of what is known as high water has increased dramatically in the last few years. thank you for joining us. how often does this happen? >> it is -- happens increasingly often. part of the issues in venice is we have observed over the last hundred years the frequency and magnitude of floods have gone up. this type of what is becoming increasingly frequent. >> why is that? is that to do with global warming or the fact the city is sinking? we have heard how venice had sunk in the last century. >> due to both. initially, there is no question
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that the sinking of the city accounts for about half of the level. the seat level rise is -- the thinking is under significant -- sinking is under significant control. we are lookuining at people wading through the water. when you look at the old buildings and think about the water getting in, there has to be some kind of damage done to the structure of these buildings, you cannot help? >> the main problem is the buildings were built to maintain the level of the high water below. once it goes over that, the perks are not designed and cannot sustain.
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>> what is the plan here? to try to contain the flooding or shore of the building once the have been flooded? >> the plan is to build the system of barriers that separate the adriatic. in times of high tides like we have been observing so that the in lives into but -- the lagoon will be separated from barriers that will arise when needed. and keep the level of the adriatic higher. >> tell me something, do think that venice will still be here as it is today in 100 years' time? >> 100 years' time, i believe so and with some continued attention from people in venice in italy and the world, i suspect a lot longer. >> what is the bill going to be? >> the bill is going to be on the order of 5.7 billion euros.
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>> are people prepared to pay that kind of money to keep them as looking as lovely as we have always known it? >> they have paid for a significant amount of it already. the fate of italy is very much concerned. they have been investing properly. needless to say, with the financial crisis over the eurothe world and europe, moneys slowed down some and that slows down the work. we're hopeful. >> let's hope they can keep venice standing. thank you. now to a most unusual robbery. the tower of london has been a place you'd rather breakout of, not into. recently, a set of keys there witnessing and police are investigating how an intruder managed to steal them. robert hall has the details.
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>> of prison, a fortune, a jewel house. the walls of the tower of london have stood solid and reassuring for over 900 years. a long list of those who could bear witness to a security. a few brief minutes have caused hearts to flutter beneath the battlements. enter not only briefs security but reached a sentry box close to one of the outer gate and went on to steal a bunch of precious keys. a security breach in one of the world's most famous fortresses, clearly an embarrassment for the authorities here. their ads -- they are stressing that the intruder was caught within a few minutes and a missing keys would not have gained him access to the ctower. the statement concludes that security levels are adequate, but procedures were not carried out to the expected standard and a staff disciplinary
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procedure is on its way to address the issue. at note t-- now time was the crown jewels in danger. >> the way the thief managed to get in was coming as a visitor. he made friends with the man who looked after the crown jewels and coming back in a subsequent occasion, he managed to put a dagger on him, stabbed the poor guy and make off with the crown and sceptre and the orb. >> tonight as on every night since the 13th century, the great doors will be locked by the chief here and the border. queen elizabeth ii's keys, carried over the wet cobbles, her crown safe as it always has been. >> you can't beat that. you can get updates at any time
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on our website. thanks for watching. >> make sense of international news at >> funding for this presentation was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers use their expertise in global finance to
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