tv CBS Evening News With Scott Pelley CBS January 4, 2016 6:30pm-7:01pm EST
>> pelley: the president does an end run around congress to restrict gun sales. also tonight, armed protesters versus the feds in a dispute over private property. >> i want the federal government to abide by the constitution of the united states. >> pelley: a levee proves no match for the mighty mississippi. el niño storms are about to hit the west. and getting fit. orange is the new way back. >> it's pretty powerful in improving people's risk factors for heart disease and diabetes. captioning sponsored by cbs this is the "cbs evening news" with scott pelley. >> pelley: we've learned tonight how president obama intends to tighten gun sales without the approval of congress.
the president, frustrated by mass murders that seem to come every month, has decided in his last year to test the limits of his power. chief legal correspondent jan crawford has the breaking news from the white house. jan? >> well, scott, senior administration officials just moments ago outlined the executive actions the president will announce tomorrow which he says will help keep guns out of the wrong hands,. a major focus are what officials say are flaws and loopholes in the nation's system of background checks. among the recommendations are requiring gun dealers, including those who sell firearms on the internet or at gun show, to be licensed and conduct background checks for gun sales. changing federal privacy rules to help keep people with mental health restrictions from possessing guns. hiring more than 230 additional f.b.i. employees to help process background checks. and a budget proposal for an additional 200 agents and
investigators at the bureau of alcohol, tobacco & firearms. now, after meeting this afternoon with his attorney general, loretta lynch, the president said he was confident these changes are consistent with the second amendment, that they're not an unconstitutional end run around congress, but, scott, one thing is all but certain: these proposals and these executive actions are going to be challenged, whether in conditioning or in court. >> pelley: just as the president's executive actions on immigration have been challenged in court. jan crawford at the white house tonight. jan, thank you very much. the president's shot was heard everywhere on the campaign trail today, and with less than four weeks to the first voting, candidates are turning to their own big guns. major garrett is in new hampshire tonight. major? >> reporter: scott, republican presidential candidates condemned the president's executive action as overreach even before the details were known. not surprisingly, president obama received strong support from democrat hillary clinton, who today deployed one of her most poe tent political weapons.
bill clinton held his first solo campaign event of this election cycle, admitting the times feel a bit unsettling. >> first of all, i'm happy grandfather. i'm not mad at anybody. >> reporter: clinton was in new hampshire, a state where his affections run deep. the form president's second-place finish here in 1992 paved the way to the nomination. hillary clinton's win in 2008 got her back into the race against barack obama. unlike that campaign when bill clinton act as his wife's costrategist and hyperactive endorser, today he breakthrough a quieter pitch. >> i do not believen my lifetime anybody has run for this job at a amendment of greater importance who was better qualified by knowledge, experience and temperament to do what needs to be done now. >> reporter: clinton did not
directly address donald trump's recent attempts to dredge up his 1990s sex scandals. campaigning in iowa, hillary clinton said she had a trump-inspired new year's resolution. >> i'm going to let him live in his alternative reality and i'm not going to respond. >> reporter: trump took on the democratic front-runner in his first television ad. >> the politicians can pretend it's something else, but donald trump calls it radical islamic terrorism. >> reporter: these border immigrants of migrants are not migrants from mexico, but rather immigrants crossing into morrow co. -- morocco. >> pelley: major garrett on the campaign. thanks. now for some insight we turn to john dickerson, our cbs news political director and the an cowr of "face the nation." john, what do you make of that trump ad? >> . >> reporter: well, it's an ad about fear and walls, fear of mexicans crossing the border
illegally. trump started his campaign promising a wall the keep them out, and it's about fear of islamic terrorists. trump promises to keep them out by temporarily wall off muslims from entering america. republican voters rank these emotional issues as pop concerns and trump on these issues has a decided advantage over his opponents. >> pelley: the iowa caucus is february 1st, less than a month away. where does the race stand? >> on the republican side the race is a battle between trump and everyone else. the alternative might be ted cruz or a mainstream candidate republicans like, someone like marco rubio or chris christie. on the democratic side, bernie sanders is the grassroots champion, but unlike on the republican side, establishment support is not split. there's just hillary clinton, who is the stable front-runner. with less than a month to go before the voting starts, campaigns are at the point where every decision they make about travel, about resources could have irrevocable consequences. >> pelley: john dickerson,
we'll be watching sunday on "face the nation." thanks, john. >> thanks, scott. >> pelley: tonight law enforcement is not moving to retake a government building at a national wildlife refuge in oregon. the building was seized two days ago by armed protesters, another flare-up in the generations-long showdown between ranchers and the largest landlord in the west, uncle sam. john blackstone is there. >> reporter: at the entrance to the wildlife refuge headquarters, ammon bundy declared this a fight he's determined to win. >> and it is left to us to decide whether we allow these things to go on or whether we make a stand so they will not happen to other people across this country. >> reporter: the occupation began saturday after a demonstration in support of local ranchers dwight and steven hammond. they were convicted for arson after a fire on their ranch spread on to federal land. they arrived at a prison in
southern california today to begin a five-year sentence. >> do you want the federal government to give up this wildlife refuge, give it back the ranchers? is that the demand? >> i want the federal government to abide by the constitution of the united states. >> get out of here, you cowards! >> reporter: in 2013, bundy's father cliven battled government officials over grazing rights on federal land. that escalated into an armed confrontation. so far in oregon there has been no confrontation. not a single law enforcement officer to be seen for miles around the occupied refuge. here inside the compound there is plenty of heavy equipment, but we don't see any evidence of weapons by the occupiers. frankly, we don't see many occupiers. while there is no evidence of broad local support for the occupation, in this wide-open country, independence is highly valued. jennifer kady grew up here. >> the government is being so big, we're slowly being stripped of our freedoms and people don't
see it. it's happening right under our nose. >> reporter: the county sheriff did have a message for the occupiers here today, scott. he said if they're really here to help the people of this county, it's time for them to go home. >> pelley: john blackstone reporting tonight. john, thank you. there's more extreme weather in the forecast. with arctic air blasting the northeast, rain and snow in the west, and in the midwest, the historic winter flood is rolling on. at least 25 people have been killed there. there's in peace in olive branch, illinois, where we find david begnaud tonight. david? >> reporter: scott, good evening. at least half of the town of olive branch, illinois, is underwater tonight. there are flooded homes like the one behind me for miles in areas that are known to be vulnerable to major flooding. >> there's the breech. >> reporter: in alexander county, illinois, the flooding is disastrous, and the temperature is near freezing. >> it's gotten real bad here.
>> reporter: today the u.s. coast guard flew us over the spot where the 18-mile lynn fall levee failed about 72 hours ago. >> this is where the levee breeched sending water from the mississippi river into a floodplain. at least 100 structures are flooded, 14,000 acres of the county are underwater, and the water is rising. >> reporter: this is the home of brandon dillow and jennifer korte. they built their levee eight feet high. tonight they're dry. in 2007 their levee was five feet high and water got inside the home. >> depressing. it changes your whole life. >> reporter: many like them have been asked to evacuate but refuse. this man's elderly parents got out, but the others stayed behind to save what was left. >> you worry about everything you got and everything you're going to lose. >> reporter: from the air you see the home is surrounded by water on three sides.
>> this family has 25,000 sandbags and water pumps working to keep the home dry. so far they're holding. >> reporter: back near the levee breech, we spotted this herd of deer, victims of the unreelecting flood running for an escape. we notice tonight the water seems to have dropped about an inch in the last six hours. that's great news for the bigham family. friends and family are working around the clock, dead set on saving this house that has been here since 1959. some of this floodwater could reach memphis by friday. >> pelley: david, thank you very much. ben tracy is reporting much of this crazy weather is being driven by the warming pacific current known as el niño. >> reporter: el niño has already hit california's mountains. the latest snowpack survey found five feet of snow in the sierras, a welcome sight after four years of drought. southern california is now bracing for a series of storms.
josh rubenstein is a meteorologist at kcbs in los angeles. >> we're looking at about an inch to two inches of rain in the l.a. basin, and right on its heels, here's that third system that's moving in on wednesday. the rain from that could linger all the way into friday. >> reporter: el el niño is abintense warming of the pacific notion near the equator that changes weather patterns around the world. this is one of the largest on record. in glendora, california, eric erby was stocking up on sandbags. >> it could happen any time anywhere. it depends on how much. either way, i'll make sure i'm prepared. >> reporter: los angeles is designed to prevent flooding, which is why the los angeles river is encased in all of this concrete. it may look like a pathetic little stream tonight, but, scott, later this week you could have ten to 20 feet of water filling this channel. >> pelley: ben tracy, thanks. well, it was wave of worry that swept world financial markets today after stocks in china plunged. the dow was down as much as 467
points, but it recovered, ending with a loss of 276 or 1. 6%. it is the worst start to a year since the great recession. the markets were also rattled by saudi arabia and iran. the two are rivals because the saudis represent the sunni branch of islam and iran is home to the shiite branch. over the weekend the saudis executed a shiite cleric after a furious iranian reaction, countries in the gulf are choosing sides. here's holly williams. >> reporter: in iran today, angry protesters denounced saudi arabia's execution of the shiite muslim cleric nimr al-nimr. his death has opened a 1,400-year-old wound, enflaming texts between sunni and shiite muslims. in the sunni-led kingdom of saudi arabia, al-nimr dared to
demand equality for shiites and was shot and then arrested in 2012. it was in shiite-dominated iran that saudi arabia's embassy was ransacked and burned on saturday. around 30 people were later arrested, but iran made its feelings clear by renaming this street in honor of the executed cleric. saudi arabia and iran are already fighting two deadly proxy wars against each other in syria and yemen, taking sides among religious lines. now there are fears that al-nimr's execution will fuel even more violence in the middle east. shiite muslims also clashed with police in bahrain. they used tear gas and rubber bullets against the protesters. blaming iran for the escalation, saudi arabia has severed diplomatic ties with tehran.
its ally, bahrain, has followed sued, while the united arab emirates has recalled its ambassador. with many countries in the middle east already torn apart by religious differences, these tensions could destabilize the region even more, especially, scott, if saudi arabia and iran try to use those religious divisions to further their own interests. >> pelley: holly williams reporting for us tonight in istanbul. holly, thank you. is man creating earthquakes in oklahoma? and they've discovered the wreck of "el faro," the worst u.s. maritime disaster in 30 years. when the "cbs evening news" continues. we came up with a plan to help reduce my risk of progression. and everywhere i look... i'm reminded to stick to my plan. including preservision areds 2. my doctor said preservision areds 2 has the exact nutrient formula
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known as "fracking." here's mark strassmann. >> reporter: oklahoma, not california, is now america's earthquake capital. >> who do you call if you feel an earthquake? >> reporter: until 2008, the state averaged one or two a year. now it's almost three a day. >> it was a big boom. and everything started shaking. >> reporter: including you? >> including me. >> reporter: a 4.5 magnitude earthquake hit crescent, oklahoma, last july. grocery clerk lois gillette hugged a coworker. >> i thought i was going to fall. there was a lot of stuff fell off the shelves. >> reporter: oklahoma keeps breaking records for earthquakes with magnitude of 3.0 or higher. more than 900 last year alone. but why? most jolingses connect the spike in earthquakes to the state's oil and gas industry and its disposal of massive amounts of water into underground caverns.
geologist todd halihand teaches at oklahoma state. >> unfortunately these injections well, they're startling when you feel them, and there are now a lot of people experiencing them on a pretty broad scale. >> reporter: lois gillette isn't taking sides. >> i don't know if it's manmade. i don't have any idea. >> reporter: you would just like it to stop? >> i want it to stop. please. >> reporter: one geologist we talked to said no question something has reactivated fault lines here, fault lined that had been dormant for 300 million years. >> pelley: mark strassmann, thanks. and we'll be right back.
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recently on assignment with "60 minutes," we sailed with the n.t.s.b.'s investigator, tom tom roth-roffy as "el faro" was discovered 15,000 feet under the ocean. this is where "el faro" came to rest, upright, hull largely intact, her name mangled on the stern. her depth markings reported that this, the bow, had sunk 15 eat the into the mud. her autopsy revealed a body that had been savagely beaten, steel crushed, equipment collapsed. there was in sign of the 33 crew members. equipment and cargo litter the seabed. that's a microwave oven, and on the right, that's a printer. here is the top of a car with a sunroof, part of the cargo. >> at the top of that white line there is the most surprising part of our video surveys. there's nothing above there.
>> pelley: what should be there? >> there should be two decks above that. the lower navigation bridge deck and the bridge deck. >> pelley: the two top decks had sheered off, including the bridge, where captain davidson would have been fighting the storm. they were nowhere near the ship. also missing, the voyage data recorder, like a so-called black box on an airplane. the safety board says it may search again for that data recorder, which would have captured conversations on the bridge. our final story coming up next. hi hey you look good. thank you, i feel good. it all starts with eating right. that's why i eat amaz!n prunes now. they're delicious and help keep my body in balance. i love these. sunsweet amaz!n prunes, the feel good fruit.
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considered vigorous. >> right. >> reporter: dr. carol ewing garber teaches the science of exercise at columbia college. how many calories a minute do you burn? >> i don't think you burn too many at all. >> reporter: for those who get tired just thinking about strenuous exercise without rest, there's a fitness approach called high intensity training or hit. short bursts of high intensity training, say a minute or two of running as fast as you can, followed by a slow recovery, making a slow jog. >> so i'll row for 100 meters. it will be high intensity. >> reporter: hit is the mantra at orange theory fitness where eddie diaz is a coach. >> this will be it here. get those nice deep breaths in, and after you're done with your ten second, you get back the work. >> reporter: the hit regiment varies from place the place. here the goal is to work out in what they call the orange zone, at a high intensity level for 12 to 20 minutes of an hour-long
class. >> i felt completely out of shape. >> reporter: 36-year-old shelly ramsammy has asthma and used to be afraid of vigorous exertion. she tolerated the interval training well and last summer she had added incentive. >> i was trying to get fit for a trip. i'm going to be in a bikini. i have to get fit. >> reporter: after building up slowly, exercise experts recommend that, she now runs twice as fast as before. research shows high-intensity training stimulates the muscles to burn fat and sugar more effectively. why is it hot now? >> i think because research has been showing that it can be pretty powerful in improving people's risk factors for heart disease and diabetes. >> reporter: powerful, too, in getting some people off the couch. because at the end of the day, exercise works best if you actually do it. dr. jon lapook, cbs news, new york. >> pelley: and we've got to run. for all of us
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