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20180116
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CSPAN
Jun 17, 2009 8:30am EDT
. this is also part of a broader issue, obviously, with china. and china is clearly the biggest problem worldwide with regard to many products. in louisiana another big concern is contaminated seafood. that's not your jurisdiction, i understand that. but my point is, it's clearly a pattern with regard to china. what are your thoughts about focusing on this chinese pattern to really get some significant new results across-the-board? >> if i'm confirmed one of the first things i will do is meet with a leader of the chinese counterpart which is the administration of quality supervision and quarantine to make clear the importance of china complying with the standards for consumer product safety. i also want to work with the chairman to see if a delegation from this committee would visit china or meet with my counterpart from china if he or she would visit the united states to talk about our concerns. the cpsc has a memorandum of agreement with china which needs to be reviewed. given the large number of imports coming from china. we also communicate through -- the third-party testing
CSPAN
Jun 12, 2009 12:30am EDT
your findings on your recent trip include that china shares deep concern about north korea's recent actions and strong commitment to achieve denuclearization. there's a wide you, mr. ambassador, that if china really had to squeeze the north korean neighbor on the issue of the denuclearization, they could accomplish this in the way that really no other country on the globe can do. did you find their concern to be deeper and their commitment to be stronger than before the missile test and nuclear test, and would he speak to this lightly held view that i mentioned, that china really could accomplish this if they were of mind to? >> i think first it is fair to say that we found china very concerned, acutely concerned about what north korea has done and is doing in the nuclear field and the area of missile technology. they recognize perhaps more than anyone else these moves by north korea can have a very deleterious effect on security arrangements throughout northeast asia and specifically on the korean peninsula, and they realize this is not in their interest. i can't speak for the gove
CSPAN
Jun 29, 2009 5:30pm EDT
powers playing a key role in stabilizing afghanistan. the u.s. and eu working together to engage china and india on global climate change. the g-20 bringing together key asian and european partners to address the global on a crisis. if north korea, i do not have to say much about that. security developments in the pacific such as the developer of a long-range ballistic missiles and backed the debate on missiles in europe. i think this link has been apparent since the u.s. entered world war ii double in europe. the council will continue to flood of boat as well in the pacific. and now want to turn the podium over to the hon. walter slocombe, vice chair of the atlantic council and former undersecretary of defense for policy. he will introduce our speaker and later a moderate the q&a session. he's now with kaplan and was a pillar of the atlantic council. he provides me into the rest of our leadership strategic advice as well as sound legal advice and is still free walking around and have not yet been incarcerated. that is because of wall slocombe. i am grateful for your service, and we're
CSPAN
Jun 5, 2009 12:30am EDT
your land and your chosen people. may your righteousness shine like the sun, all over china. may your mercy and love flow from heaven like a mighty river upon that land. in jesus christ's holy name we pray. amen. and god bless all. thank you. >> thank you, father. i am now very pleased to call to the podium, dr. lee, president and founder of initiatives for china, a former political prisoner in china and a veteran of the tiananmen square movement. dr. lee. >> ladies and gentlemen, [speaking foreign language] ladies and gentlemen we gather today after the passage of 20 years, there are those today who wish to have legacy of tiananmen by saying that democracy has many faces. and western style democracy is not for china. some even say that the chinese people do not want democracy. some say that for the sake of liberty china needs a strong, single party government. any logic of this reasoning quickly reveals as self-serving rhetoric designed to rationalize the legitimacy of absolute power. if one accepts this logic, then one must also accept the concept of slavery. that some people actual
CSPAN
Jun 28, 2009 1:30pm EDT
shipped the equipment to china and to mexico looking for slave wages. i am unemployed and not on the tax roll. i do not have any purchasing power. this company gets tax breaks by moving those jobs abroad. can you comment on that? guest: done a cast -- dynacast has to survive. that is the company you were speaking of. the context is much the fund by the government in washington. it as neglected the fact that some of our trading partners trade for american labor very unfairly. china has an undervalued currency. it intervened in currency markets, buying dollars, converting them to treasury securities and so forth. washington, both the bush and obama administration has been unwilling to stand up to china, and the currency issue. when obama campaign for president, he said the chinese currency needs to be addressed. the treasury secretary said the same thing. their currency is manipulated and needs to be addressed. the currency manipulation creates a subsidy. the treasury department requires to remove that statement from the written text of his speech, because they have privacy for currenc
CSPAN
Apr 5, 2010 2:30am EDT
question of china. both russia and the united states, not jointly but in bilateral format in parallel should start serious consultations with china on ballistic missile defense so that china does not become an obstacle to russian-american cooperation. we would have to persuade that ballistic missile defense is not against china. america has to be clear on some important issues. is china entitled for its own nuclear deterrent against united states, like russia? is china and titled to treatment -- entitled for treatment as a superpower? is china entitled to some information and consultations like the united states are doing with russia on ballistic missile defense in the far east? , providing information, talking about chinese concerns, trying to find solutions like it was between the united states and russia so that they are involved. that is important. my first recommendation to russian government would be to start being very practical and technical on ballistic missile defense. it would be very difficult to come with a grand design of strategic ballistic missile defense because we st
CSPAN
Jun 7, 2009 2:30am EDT
citizens of beijing. it's unsurpassed in the 20th century and we're proud he is from china. though he has never received any award, it is inconsequential, for he will continue to receive praise from generations to come and that is not bound by nationality and that is the highest praise of all. she also asked me in her email what has the unknown rebel done for the world. i answered, he has set an example for humanity and he has shown us that peace is far more powerful than any tanks or violence. when conshe knowable men in all humanity witness that scene, no one, no one -- look at that, tell me, do you notice the tanks? instead all we will notice is the power of that one man. what we know is that he, a mere mortal man, and the righteousness that symbolizes are far more powerful than any tanks or weapons. in conclusion, i would like to reiterate that justice is far more powerful than violence and that peace will triumph violence. our mission is to severely punish the corrupt officials in china, to end the chinese communist one party authoritarian regime and create the third republic. we fir
CSPAN
Jun 30, 2009 2:30am EDT
. we have to try something else. not violence but may be a more confrontational approach with china. what is his answer to that and is it an answer that is satisfactory to the young and restless tibetan diaspora? >> his answer first is anything you do confrontational is going to be more suffering to tibetans and tibet and the chinese in tibet. you may not feel the consequences of your cousins will feel them worse. second he is the one tibetan exiles who knows china inside and out. he spent a year in beijing in 1954. so he knows china historically has never been very receptive to the outside and it's a prideful country and distinct full country and he says to these people if you read a gandhi march to the border to you think is going to cause the beijing leadership to say we made a mistake we will give you to that? piece is fine, do it but what do you think it will achieve? nothing. he's a realist and knows the chinese are realists and the have no motivation for easing up on tibet and a big difference between his situation and gandhi's is the one advantage gandhi had against the brit
CSPAN
Jun 12, 2009 5:00pm EDT
envoy on climate change said that the talks with china did not achieve any breakthroughs. he did say the two countries would continue to discuss the issues leading up to a climate change summit in copenhagen, denmark later this year. his remarks will be followed by the daily briefing with spokesman philip crowley. he talks about efforts to resettle a group of chinese muslims known as the uyghers. >> he served in the white house from 1983 to 1999 where he worked on these kinds of issues, issues of climate change. also from 1999 to 2001, he advised the secretary of treasury. the policy and politics of broader range -- of a broader range of economic issues. he was a senior fellow at a center -- at the center for american progress. again, i want to welcome mr. stern. he will make some introductory marks and take questions. >> thanks very much. welcome, everybody. i thought i would give you a little background on the trip to china. i think we had a very constructive set of meetings there. we went to china with the intention of having in-depth conversations about climate change and the cop
CSPAN
Jun 25, 2009 2:30pm EDT
countries, now we're talking about china and indian and mexico. we provide the leadership and they'll follow. the recent actions by the obama administration and by china and and other developing countries continue to prove why you have the the opposite. they continue to confirm what i've been saying, arguing for in the past decade, even if we do act the rest of the world will not. if you can believe and there are fewer people every day that believe that science has settled and man-made gases, co2, methane, are causing global warming. there are few people left who really believe that. if you are one of those who still believe that, stop and think. why would we want to do something unilaterally in america? it doesn't make sense. the logic is not tkoeuflt understand. carbon caps according to reams of independent analysis will severely damage america's economic global competitiveness by raising the cost of doing business here relative to other countries, like china. and then -- where they have no mandatory carbon caps. so the jobs and business would move overseas, most likely to c
CSPAN
Jun 9, 2009 9:30am EDT
are a lot of players in this, including china. are we speeding too much diplomatic in a nufereability to the chinese government? guest: i think we are. i think in this case we and china do not share interests. think that our main interests and those of our key ally -- and this is important to underscore, our key allies in asia are gentleman pap and south korea. they've sustained the peace with us in asia since world war ii. and i think that our position together with them has been a lot stronger in terms of wanting to disarm north korea than the chinese have. the chinese can fundamentally live with a nuclear north korea as long as there's stability on their boreders. -- borders. host: kim jong il, his son designated as his potential successor. who's in charge? guest: well, it's so hard to know. it's such a totalitarian state with such a news blackout. but it seems from all indications that kim has picked his youngest son early to be his successor. but that doesn't mean the story's over. there could be a power struggle for some time in north korea. the military is very strong as are th
CSPAN
Jun 28, 2009 8:30am EDT
out. he is mention in china. guest: it would be much easier to put pressure on iran and its regime to bechtel if the world was united in condemning -- and its regime to back down if the world was united in condemning this behavior. russia is embracing the change. china is apparently wharfinger arrested in keeping its oil deals going than -- is apparently more interested in keeping its oil deals going then trying to create change. host: thank you for being here with us this morning. guest: thank you. host: our next segment will be a professor at the university of maryland plus plenty of phone calls. we will be right back. ♪ >> conservation in the beginning of the 20th-century was a battle. should we drill or not drill? >> historian douglas bringing on teddy roosevelt and his leading role in the early days of the conservation movement. >> he believed in hunting. he did not believe in hunting so you would make a species extinct. he cared about butterflies. he cared about wild flowers. he wanted to make sure we had a place for that in modern society. >> tonight on "q&a" part two of t
CSPAN
Jun 5, 2009 6:00am EDT
tiananmen square protest war in washington yesterday talking about human rights in china. that is next on c-span. and topics at 7:00 include president obama's trip to the middle east and health care legislation. washb" washington journal" is ey day at 7. >> this weekend, the midwest's largest literary event on saturday starting at 11:00 eastern and throughout the day. panels and offers on the economy, globalization and the american worker, homosexual rights, the former illinois gov. blagojevich, civil rights and so john netroots, the mob and counterfeiting, and a look at an altar. then stanley greenberg on advising many great leaders. he is interviewed by mary matalin. and on sunday bill ayers, university of illinois professor. we will discuss his latest book. he will take your calls as well as questions from the audience at the literary festival. for a complete schedule of programs and times, go on line. >> now a portion of a rally marking the 20th anniversary of the tiananmen square protests in beijing, china. hundreds were killed in the government crackdown that followed. the event
CSPAN
Jun 5, 2009 1:00am EDT
sit here 20 years later, living exile with a little hope of ever returning to china. i feel compelled to remind people of the brutality showed by the leadership then in control of china. mainly shao ping. as most of us believe it was his sole decision. and i am compelled in this democracy movement and behalf of those living in china today, to call on the current chinese government to bring freedom to our home land. and to have the courage not to be held captive of the actions held of the predecessors on june 4, 1989. [repeating in chinese] [repeating in chinese] >> that night the chinese government sent massive soldiers and tanks into the square to crush our peaceful demonstration and any hope to consider our request for economic and political reform lead by students. we should be there for 50 days of calm protests and hunger strikes, like in 1976 when the police came in and beat the leaders. we never expected a massacre, beijing city was outraged and the world shocked. [speaking foreign language] >> our dear friend, and other friends who are still in the back, we would love them to c
CSPAN
Jun 17, 2009 8:30am EDT
china for subsidies. as long as the subsidies continue, north korea will continue pretty much the same behavior. the united states is unwilling to push china hard on whether to continue to subsidize north korea and its government. i would suspect at, you know, there will be headlines and talks, but ultimately policies will fail to roll back and contain the program. over the last 10 years, they have moved a couple inches. it is not that china wants north korea to have nuclear weapons. it is that china funds subsidizing the north korean government to be the most convenient way to manage the situation. in making that decision, it is correctly confident that no matter what threats there are two new united states securities, we will not interfere with ships coming into our ports. china can have the u.s. markets and a policy towards north korea. the reason i rank iran first is because the regime is ambitious. north korea's objective is to just dominate people. my concern is they will build tend bombs for themselves and put the 11th on ebay. but as long as the regime survives within its borde
CSPAN
Jun 29, 2009 4:00pm EDT
china had put it under with china's support to pakistan over the last half century and chinese deployment in tibet. it had to look c word -- seaward and protect its oil and gas coming from afric and the middle east all the way back to india. the indian ocean has become very much more important to india. there are increasingly other major powers in the indian ocean finding it as important. if you look getting the's security perspective, you see china everywhere. you see china building port facilities, pakistan, sri lanka, more of the security presence in more of the security presence in sri lanka, cocoa island facilities, and you see over the last year, the chinese naval base, but it can base aircraft carriers, the chinese are quite interested in becoming a major maritime players in the indian ocean as well. you still have to contend with the fact that china has big deployments within tibet, and a border dispute. if you look at the indian/china border, territory claimed by china, ongoing incursions' into this area. again, if you are india, you are becoming a world power, you wan
CSPAN
Apr 6, 2010 1:00am EDT
china or russia or other nations of the rope and to protect ourselves, respond to humanitarian eight -- mentor increases and nuclear threat and a list goes on and on of the different challenges. in my view it requires an annual budget of 4 percent of gdp right now we are about 3.8 percent and total federal spending is over time approximately 20%. we think the defense budget ought to be 20%. those are a lot of percentages i apologize but sometimes we say we are spending so much more than any other nation in the world why should we spend any more with the military? they spend far less but actually i should go behind the numbers didn't report all military spending and the cost of standing up the army were they have not a paid volunteer army that cost is much lower so if you look at a more comparable basis china spends not at 10% of the level but half of the level of the united states if we pay for the same cost and what that suggests did so we really can continue to pare down them military might if we will be confident that we and our friends and interest can be protected around t
CSPAN
Apr 2, 2010 2:00am EDT
like to cover their asian allies, there is the question of china. both russia and the united states, not jointly but in bilateral format in parallel should start serious consultations with china on ballistic missile defense so that china does not become an obstacle to russian-american cooperation. we would have to persuade that ballistic missile defense is not against china. america has to be clear on some important issues. is china entitled for its own @@@@@@#&"@ @ @ @ @ @ @ g $n,ku) involved. that is important. my first recommendation to russian government would be to start being very practical and technical on ballistic missile defense. it would be very difficult to come with a grand design of strategic ballistic missile defense because we still have a balance of forces which are targeted at each other. i think that is something that we have to start the list with strategic ballistic missile defense and take care of rogue states who are the most urgent threats. i think russia should be tougher on iran. i think iran has overplayed their cards. iran is treating russia like the tail
CSPAN
Jun 5, 2009 6:30am EDT
with little hope of ever returning to china i feel compelled for the brutality shown to my people in china. many believe it was one man posole decision garrett i am compelled, also, to the name of the democracy movement and on behalf of those living in china today, to call on the chinese government to bring freedom to our homeland. and to have the courage not to be held captive by the actions of the predecessors on june 4, 1989. [speaking in chinese] > that night the chinese government sent tanks in order to shoot and kill and the square. they crushed our peaceful demonstration and squashed any hopes that they would not reconsider our peaceful request for economic, social, and other reforms. we had been there for 50 days of protests and hunger strikes. we were prepared for the worst situation, a crackdown more like the 1976, when the police came in and beat the people and arrested the leaders. we never expected a brutal massacre. the world was oucity was outragd the world was shocked. >> [speaking in chinese] >> our dear friend and some other friends still standing in the back, we
CSPAN
Jun 30, 2009 5:30am EDT
china, but asean is getting big also. i sort of follow trade policies a lot more closely than i follow the actual goods and services being exported. the trade relationships in asia have grown very rapidly, so certainly there is huge scope for it to continue to grow, but other than that i'm not sure, you know, what are the actual goods. i mean, i know that india has been importing manufacturers from china big time, and india has been exporting to china largely minerals, that type of products. but to asean i'm not quite sure what the composition is. >> again, without knowing all the details my impression because of the way policy has unfolded is that growth is the recent, the growth in trade between india and the rest, southeast and east asia is within the last decade or even half decade because it's only at that point that you begin to see the country after late '90s or even after 2000 that people part of this was from the government of india itself, but part of this is from other governments, you know, start saying, you know, we can't think about regional institutions without th
CSPAN
Jun 30, 2009 9:00am EDT
engage china and india on global climate change. the g20 bringing together key asian and european partners to address the global financial crisis. north korea -- i don't have to say much about the. security developments in the pacific such as the development of long-range ballistic missiles impact the debate on missiles in europe. i think this link has been apparent since the u.s. entered world war ii in europe after the attack in the pacific so, admiral, the atlantic council will continue to float its boat as well in the pacific. i now want to turn the podium over to the honorable walt slocombe the vice chair of the atlantic council and former undersecretary of defense for policy. he's going to#9 introduce our speaker and will later moderate the q & a session. walt, who's now with kaplan and drysdale is -- and this is not an overuse of the word, a pillar of the atlantic council. he provides me and the rest of our leadership strategic advice as well as sound legal advice. i am still free walking around and have not yet been incarcerated. that's all because of walt slocombe. walt,
CSPAN
Jun 18, 2009 7:30am EDT
coverage. beginning in 2002 and coming together in 2006, iran signed a deal with china to not only develop the oil fields but spend over 90 -- send over 90% of their credit to china. i did a quick googled search while i was waiting here and they said that a french company has been turned out for not doing the job quickly enough. china is now moving in to develop the oil fields. basically, this has made it iran a vital interest of china. in has been going on throughout the previous administration. it also tells you that despite all the saber-rattling from the last administration and all the other things: on here no one is what to do anything to threaten the vital interests of china. it would make china the 500- pound gorilla in the background watching. we will not invade the vital interests of our number one banker. you will not see anyone else bother china with their economic power right now. i keep watching cnn coverage andmsnbc and c-span and no one has mentioned this. i would argue this is probably what is powering the situation in the whole background. i would imagine also that
CSPAN
Jun 17, 2009 2:30am EDT
. understand that the counterpart agency in china, the counterpart to the consumer product safety commission is working with the commission to resolve this. and that chinese leaders are very aware of it and trying to address it. but it is a very real problem causing people great hardship physically, as well as damage to their property rendering their homes worthless. and i will assure you that if i am confirmed it will be a top priority 20. >> the only thing i would ask, inez, is that a lot of this is taking place in louisiana and florida. they have different climate issues in terms of humidity that folks we have in virginia. and i think we are up to 36 states now who have experienced this problem. it's remarkable to me that the testing and finding the cause is taking this long when it's evident from the families, and then again from even consumer product safety counsel staff that you start to have the ill effects literally just being exposed for a few hours. so i would hope that that money would be well spent to expedite this process, and as you go to the additional testing and i
CSPAN
Jun 20, 2009 2:00pm EDT
has never been better. and the trafficking is it related to the china, do we have any suggestion or recommendations to the connection with the china and the north korea issue? >> this is actually, i'll take a point of personal and say i care a lot about, because it's a case that i prosecuted earlier in my career involved ethnicically korean women from the parts of china that are near north korea. and one of the things that we see with the ethnicically korean population in that part of china is that neither china or north korea wants to protect that population. north korea is tier 3 and has been for quite some time. one of the things we see as very necessary for north korea to do is to actually screen returnees for trafficking. a lot of people who are caught in china in labor situations or in prostitution, first of all the chinese are not screening them as trafficking victims and we would like to see china do that. but when they deport them back to north korea, we are hearing from nongovernmental organizations and other observers that those victims are being punished for having left
CSPAN
Jun 27, 2009 1:00pm EDT
vice president gore and all the people has been all the people has been tremendous. china has about more co2 than any other nation in the world. they have said that they reject any finding of such emissions and claim their rights to continue to release greenhouse gases. at the same time, we have tried to pass this legislation. the united states stands to lose many jobs to these countries that will profit from this bill today. some say we should make unilateral reductions, unilateral disarmament. i find it hard to believe that china and india will reduce their economic growth because they are willing to adopt the cat and trade. the cabin trade is flawed. -- cap and trade is flawed. clean coal technology is important. advanced nuclear power generation is also important. the rapid development of widespread deployment of such technology is paramount in any reasonable effective effort to address co2 reductions. the mass new regulatory burdens proposed by this cap and trade scheme will cut the growth and innovation in this country and lose jobs in this country. let us not pass this bill.
CSPAN
Jun 12, 2009 7:30am EDT
administration should be commended for this strong united outcome and china recognition as well. as north korea's ally and largest trading partner, china can play a role in this peaceful resolution of this crisis. i was in china when north korea conducted its second nuclear test. and i am convinced based on the meetings i had and the language used as well as the body language interpreted that china shares our opposition to the north's pursuit of nuclear weapons. we can all be forgiven for feeling we've been here before. we are now, quote, hip deep into the third north korean nuclear crisis. the first crisis ended in 1994 with the signing of the agreed framework which froze the north's production of plutonium for eight years. and the bush administration confronted the north koreans that it was cheating on the framework but the bush administration ruled out direct talks on the issue the result was the second nuclear crisis, the demise of the agreed framework itself. north korea's withdrawal from the nonproliferation treaty and the quadrupling of the stockpile of fissile material. how we dea
CSPAN
Jun 30, 2009 6:00am EDT
, australia, south korea. the u.s. and the au working together to engage china and india on global climate change. north korea, i do not have to say much about that. the development of long-range ballistic missiles impact the debate in europe. this link has been apparent since the u.s. entered wwii. we will continue to flow our boat in the pacific. so we will now have someone introduce our speaker and later moderate the q&a session. this man is a pillar of the atlantic council. he provides me and the rest of our leadership strategic advice as well as sound legal advice. i am still free and have not yet been incarcerated because of this advice. i am grateful for your service, walt. [applause] [applause] >> thank you. it is a great honor to be asked to introduce that roe keating. he has that kind of resume that mere mortals only dream of. he graduated from the naval academy in 1971. shortly thereafter, began a distinguished career as a legal aviator. the most impressive thing is not the stress on his sleeve or the stars, if he were wearing a slightly different uniform, but it is that he is c
CSPAN
Jun 26, 2009 2:00pm EDT
leave you with empty pockets and no jobs. the jobs will go to china and the economy will go to hell. worse than that, the scientific basis for the claims being made to frighten us into accepting this economy destroying legislation are wrong. wake up america, there hasn't been any global warming, which is what we heard over and over and other again, there hasn't been global warming for 10 years. in fact, the icecaps are melting, yeah, they're melting on mars too. which to any honest discussion would lead to the conclusion that the icecaps are melting and these things are happening because of solar activity, not because of the activity of human beings. the science is wrong, the economics is wrong, you're going to cause great damage to the people of this country to their well being. 6 in the name of phony -- in the name of phony science, there are hundreds and hundreds of scientific leaders like dr. lindzen of massachusetts institute of technology that refuted the arguments. they're pleading with us, pay attention to the good science, don't hurt our people base thond false claim of glo
CSPAN
Feb 18, 2010 7:30pm EST
same thing about russia, probably could see the same thing about china. israel interestingly enough when you talk to the officials they could imagine not having them in a regional basis that doesn't matter so much of the u.s. had them or somebody else had them. india and getting rid of them unless everybody else does. pakistan may be more tied to india because india relates to everybody else. so we are talking about a situation that people here are worried about us getting to somehow. one of these countries decide we are prepared to get rid of nuclear weapons it seems to me we know we are not going to do it if they aren't. they've got bigger problems than we do. they need these weapons in their own mind more than we do because they have fewer alternatives so it would obviously take a very long time and we would have to work through a very difficult situations. and the idea we haven't been a working on this has admiral mom wrote talked about and not taking it seriously i thought the iraq war was about wmd. that was a counter proliferation war and part of the idea was to send a signal
CSPAN
Jun 27, 2009 1:30am EDT
that they still do not have the votes. there is not a fairness factor here. china has about more co2 into the atmosphere every year than any of the nation in the world. they have consistently said they reject any binding international cap on such emissions and claim the right to continue to increase its amount of greenhouse gases. we will still try to pass this legislation. without a public effort by china and india, to limit emissions, we stand to lose many hundreds of thousands of jobs to these countries that will profit from this bill. the proponents of the legislation say we should make unilateral reductions. this will impose more pressure on other countries. i find it hard to believe that china and india will reduce their economic growth and idle their people because they are willing to adopt a cap and trade . the cap and trade is flawed. china and india will not go forward. any meaningful effort to restrain reductions depend on the development of new energy technologies. we all agree. this includes advance generation. my memo was designed on this. this is of paramount importanc
CSPAN
Jun 30, 2009 4:00am EDT
, and a border dispute. if you look at the indian/china border, territory claimed by china, ongoing incursions' into this area. again, if you are india, you are becoming a world power, you want your seat as an major player in world affairs, you have to be concerned that the chinese are encroaching on your territory and might complicate things for you if you are concerned about lines of communication. what has india done since the 90s to content with this emerging strategic environment? number one is it is spending more on defense, quite a bit more. particularly more on the maritime and air dimensions, looking at possibly 3 carrier strike groups as well as nuclear submarines, and also it had a major exercise last year with japan, australia, singapore, and the major mollah bar exercises, countries that have interest in the indian ocean. the defense diplomacy, if you will, is multi dimensional. i don't think defense trade is based on market forces, so the russians in general tend to be very important to india. one criticism i would have of the deal the bush administration struck, it di
CSPAN
Jun 14, 2009 10:30pm EDT
afghanistan and iraq is a formula for a future collapse in our ability to cope with china and russia. i appreciate what secretary gates is trying to do. it is impossible to defend this country and to maintain homeland security on the current budget, and we frankly need more retired military people talking out and telling the truth about the decay of our navy, the decay of our air force, and the decay of our long-term capabilities in the current budget constraints. budget constraints. . how do we make america the best place in the world to build the next factory and create the next high-paying job? unless we solve this, we will inevitably cease to be the leading power in the world. nothing keeps me going every day more than the thought that i do not want to turn over to maggie and robert the first generation in american history to have failed to have done its job of fixing the country so our children and grandchildren are better off, not worse off. [applause] >> without a strong economy and without scientific and technological leadership, we cannot sustain our military capabilities. the
CSPAN
Jun 22, 2009 7:00pm EDT
continuing unrest in iran, u.s. relations with china and u.s. navies ongoing surveillance of the north korean ship suspected of transporting beer and nuclear technology. the briefing is conducted by state department spokesman kelly. it's half an hour. >> good afternoon. i think as many of you have heard the secretary on the doctor's advice decided for the g8 foreign ministers meeting and for the lsc meeting has deputy secretary steinberg said just a few minutes ago, he will go for the meeting which is the back end of the trip and undersecretary burns will represent at the g8 foreign ministerial meeting. the secretary was in the office this morning. she attended her morning staff meetings. she's already made a few phone calls. she made a bunch of phone calls over the weekend as well. the first call she made this morning were to foreign minister for teeny of italy and foreign minister of greece to express regret that she wouldn't be able to attend the two meetings. and with that i will take your questions. >> with other calls did she make? >> i know that she has also talked, if mat
CSPAN
Jun 11, 2009 11:30pm EDT
china deserves recognition as well. as north korea's ally and largest trading partner china complain the size of role in the peaceful resolution of this crisis. i was in china when the north korea conducted its second nuclear test and i am convinced based on the meetings i have in, china shares are pursuits. we can all be forgiven for feeling that we have been here before. as one knowledgeable observer wrote to me recently, we are now quote, hip deep into the third north korean nuclear crisis. and the first crisis ended in 1994 with the signing of the agreed framework which froze the north production of plutonium for eight years. in 2002 the bush administration confronted north korea with allegations that it was cheating on the free market but the bush administration ruled out direct talks to resolve the issue. the result was the second nuclear crisis, the demise of the agreed framework itself. north korea's withdraw from nuclear non-proliferation treaty and the quadrupling of north korea's stockpile of fissile material. so today we confront a more dangerous north korea that
CSPAN
Apr 6, 2010 7:30am EDT
responsibilities and missions than let's say a nation like china or like russia or other nations in the world. and to protect ourselves, to protect our sea lanes to respond to humanitarian crises, to have a nuclear deterrent to have a nuclear weapons and the list goes on and on, it requires an annual budget of roughly 4% of our gdp. right now we're at about 3.8% of gdp. and total federal spending is over time been approximately 20% of the gdp. so we're saying that the defense budget ought to be about 20% of the total gdp. there's a lot of percentages there. i apologize for taking that course. but i think sometimes we say, gosh, we're spending so much more than any other nation in the world. why should we be spending any more in the military. 'cause they spend far less than we do. but actually as you go behind their numbers and you find they don't report all of their military spending. and their costs, for instance, of standing up an army where they have conscription, not a paid volunteer army their costs are much, much lower. when you look at a comparable basis china is spending not at
CSPAN
Jun 26, 2009 2:30pm EDT
fairness factor here. china adds about more co-2 to the atmosphere each year than any other nation in the world. however, they have consistently said they reject any binding international cap on such emissions and claim the right to continue to increase thes release of greenhouse gases. at the same time we're going to attempt to pass this legislation. without equivalent efforts by china and india, to limit greenhouse gas emissions, the united states stands to lose many hundreds of thousands of jobs to these countries that will profit from this bill today. the proponents of the legislation say we should make unilateral reductions. unilateral disarmament. which in turn will impose moral pressure on other countries. i find it hard to believe that china and india will reduce their economic growth and idle their people because they're willing to adopt a cap and trade. the cap and trade is flawed. china and india are not going to go forward. any meaningful effort to achieve long-term, sustainable reductions in global greenhouse gas emissions depend on the development and deployment of techn
CSPAN
Jun 27, 2009 8:00am EDT
an article in this morning's "wall street journal," "china seeks new global reserve currency" they write that china will push reform of the international currentsy system to make it more diversified and reasonable and to reduce executive relines to be people's bank of china said friday how much of an effect will this have on the trading of global currency if china pushes further to review or to change the global reserve currency system? guest: well, china's statement is really quite in tandem with this conclusion of this international meeting here in new york yesterday. china holds $2 trillion of foreign reserves. used to be almost all of that was in dollars. estimates now maybe $1 trillion of that. very important. they've been a very important lender to the united states. but there is quite honestly anxiety. i go to china quite often. you talk to both government officials and people in the street. they don't want to see the value of their safings, money that they put aside, eroded. they worry about inflation in the united states. they worry about a decrease in the value of their t
CSPAN
Jun 6, 2009 11:30am EDT
think for me it is quite obvious that china will become more important, economically, financially, but in one sense i have to say that there is also a huge problem, of course. the environment, the social problems, income inequality. i know that in the united states income inequality is also an issue the income inequality in china is much worse than it is here or in europe. i fear a little bit, i have talked recently to people at the imf will follow up china closely that of a lot of the stimulus problem is window dressing and that the maine publicity avid. in an attempt to push up confidence but that is really the hard practice that shows that it is not that impressive in terms of what really happens and has put extra into the economy. >> and what is the reason to try to make it out more than it is? >> basically the same reasoning as the germans, a free ride on american expansion. >> everybody is waiting for us to buy and i think i like that idea but not doing much. in the book is a bit of a stretch. i will wait for this question. >> you spoke about china. how about india? >> well,
CSPAN
Apr 2, 2010 9:30am EDT
and blaming china and blaming foreign competitors for our woes. i think most of the economists i talk to really believe that free trade is a great thing for the u.s. and the world. but there is a sense that american workers are paying the price as the global economy adjusts. so it is a factor, for sure. host: there is an article this morning -- speaking of china -- hu jintao will be in washington at the summit of world leaders monday and tuesday. and whether or not they should float -- the you want? guest: yes. host: what is the status and what effect does it have on us? guest: many economists believe -- china has a fixed exchange rate, and it is a controlled economy and one of the things the control is the exchange rate versus the dollar. many economists think there are many good reasons china should end this practice. as the dollar has fallen, the value of chinese imports to the united states have fallen and that allows more imports into the united states from china. there are a lot of pushes the rahm award for china to move away from this policy, but it is always in the front
CSPAN
Jun 26, 2009 9:30pm EDT
u.s. can lead on climate change in the world? we can lead when china and india have refused to participate. we can lead when europe is willing to do half of what this bill calls for. we can lead with the rest of the developing world is unable to do anything at all about climate change. some of my idealistic colleagues will say that we have to set a standard for the rest of the world. i say i will not make my constituents poorer so that others can get richer at our expense. my friends, this is the wrong bill at the wrong time for the wrong reason. madam speaker, i reserve the balance of my time. >> the gentleman from california is recognized. >> madam speaker, at this time, and divide -- i am delighted to yield to the gentleman from massachusetts. he is on the select committee of global warming. he has played a fundamental role of shepherding this bill to our committee and working to get it to the floor today. i will yield three minutes. >> i think the gentleman from california. and i think gm and his staff for the outstanding leadership -- i thank him and his staff for the outs
CSPAN
Apr 7, 2010 6:00am EDT
the markets becoming spooked or unstable, so that is why what i had heard in china got my full attention. >> there is a front-page story in the journal this morning about freddie and fannie, and it is very much worth reading. i believe that said there is now 111 billion that has been put in by the federal government, but it is expected that much more will so in effect, it presently looks like the federal government will lose more money and freddie and fannie vanden aig by some markets. >> when i look at these programs overall, we will get every penny we put in the banks back with a profit. and i think when you look at all of the other programs, we may be surprised at what we get back in actually even with freddie and fannie i am thinking the fed will make a lot of money by holding the securities. you are right, in terms of the losses. to me, the important thing about freddie and fannie is right now, the u.s. needs them playing the role they are playing, but one of the things that got us into this problem is not just freddie and fannie but if you look at all of the weight of all
CSPAN
Apr 7, 2010 2:30am EDT
situation. i had, in the book, i recount that i was in china for the alum picks and dare i had, was given to understand that the chinese had been approached by the russians with a suggestion that maybe they could sell some of of the securities together, maybe to test our resolve, who knows and, one of the biggest concerns i had was getting fannie and freddie stabilized and in a sense, we tell the story of how very suddenly we put them into conservatorship, which was essentially guaranteeing their debt because it was in essence an implicit obligation by the united states of america. it was sort of like the banks had their lives in conduits wittes were off-balance edn with implicit guarantees. that was a little bit like what fannie and freddie were. we were racing against time to stabilize those before we knew some bad earnings were going to be coming out from the bank sector in particularly the lehman brothers losses so that was a race against time. we were fortunate that we were able to get it done without the markets becoming spooked or unstable, so that is why what i had heard in
CSPAN
Jun 16, 2009 11:30pm EDT
better. the trafficking has related to china. you have any recommendation to chat and north korea? >> this is something that i care a lot about, because a case that a prosecutor earlier in my career involved korean women from parts of china that are near north korea. one of the things you will see with the ethnically korean population in that part of china is that neither china nor north korea seems to want to protect the population. north korea is tier 3 and has been for quite some time. one thing we have seen in necessary for korea to do is to actually screen returnees for trafficking. a lot of people who are caught in china and in labour situations or in prostitution, first of all, the chinese are not screening them. when they deport them back to north korea, we're hearing from non-governmental organizations that those victims are being punished for having left the country in the first place, rather than actually been given the kind of services and a kind of rehabilitation that a trafficking victim should get under international law. >> thank you all. >> coming up on c-span, a
CSPAN
Jun 10, 2009 2:30pm EDT
environmental technologies. congressman kirk, macaulay from illinois and i recently returned from china where we met both with chinese leadership and american companies doing business in china. you first, there is a great deal of enthusiasm regarding the interest in energy and climate change cooperation between the u.s. and china. second, however, is a concern that the intellectual property rights owned by those companies selling their clean energy technologies in china and other parts of the world will not be protected. and the green jobs that could be created here at home will be lost. according to the international energy agency, the world needs to invest $45 trillion in energy in the coming decades to have -- to cut in half greenhouse gas emissions by 2050. to meet that goal, clean technology innovation must increase by 100 to 1,000%. the global market for environmental products and services is projected to double from $1.37 trillion per year at present to $2.74 trillion by 2020. according to the american solar energy society by 2030, industries and green collar jobs could provide u
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