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tv   News  Al Jazeera  October 3, 2013 9:00am-10:01am EDT

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hello, and welcome to "the news hour" from doha with your top stories. a both sinks off the coast of italy. at least 94 are dead and hundreds are missing. we speak to the children who say they were forced into fighting for the separatists in the philippines. rebels fight in syria. the opposition groups that say they want al qaeda to get out. football's top bosses meet to discuss shifting the qatar
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world cup to the winter. we'll have the latest from zurich. at least 94 people have drowned after a boat carrying migrants sank off the southern ital lan island of lampedusa. it was carrying hundreds of people trying to reach europe from africa. many jumped into the water. ita italy's coast guard is looking for at least 250 people, 150 others have been rescued. lampedusa is a major route for migrants trying to get into europe. the tiny island lies 113 kilometers from the coast of tunisia. we have more from the italian capital of rome. >> reporter: a devastating scene was described by the may r o of lampedusa who claimed the situation on land was so chaotic
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he was struggled to find a place to put the dead bodies pulled from the sea and where to find a place for the survivors to be care of. they're very traumatized following this horrific incident. it appears that the incident occurred in the early hours of thursday morning. a boat carries what is expected to be about 500 people on board suffered a technical malfunction and caught fire. that incident was witnessed by a couple of fishing boats passing by in the area. it seems that there was a panic seen on board of the ship that was carrying the migrants, and many of them just jumped into the sea. now, the rescue efforts are being carried out by the coast gua guard. on land it is a local sigh sillian health care agency taking care of survivors. also, there was some assistance from the italians marines
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helping to cooperate with the search efforts to locate bodies lost at sea. as far as the unaccounted for are concerned, the rescue workers are saying it will approximately 250 even up to 300 people that are unaccounted for there. they're getting their estimates just simply from the size of the boat, which is still visible in the sea. there's been another leak at japan's fukushima nuclear plant. tepco said some liquid may have reached the pacific oechian, the second braef in two months. it's discovered where 300 tons of toxic waste escaped in august. >> reporter: the announcement from tepco about water leaks occurring at the site are certainly happening more regularly. this latest leak, according to tepco, occurred on wednesday and happened when workers at the site were attempting to transfer more water into one of the many
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storage tanks at the site. this particular tank is located on a slope, and as they were trying to put the contaminated water into the tank, it started to overflow. that water, it's believed, according to tepco, led to a drainage ditch, which leads on to the ocean. they are saying that they cannot rule out of possibility that some of the water has reached the ocean. the leak was relatively small in the grand scheme of things, some 430 liters, but the water contained inside that particular storage tank contains high levels of radiation. >> the philippines government says that many of the separatist rebels captured after recent fighting are children. the moro national liberation front was involved in a standoff for more than two weeks in the city of zamboanga. there are claims they were mistreated by security forces as well. we have a report. >> reporter: these boys find it
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difficult to share theheir stories. they say they were abducted from outlying islands in the southern philippines by moro national liberation front fighters, and at gunpoint they were forced to join the battle the fighters waged against government troops in zamboanga city. >> translator: i don't know why they took us. what they did to us is wrong. i want to go home. >> reporter: they managed to escape, and were taken by government troops and forced to admit they were rebels they say and were beaten up by the very same people whose job it is to protect them. the boys are now in the care of the social welfare department, which confirms they are minors. the philippine military denies those accusations saying it is working hard to ensure that the rights of everyone, including the accused, are protected. more than 200 fighters attacked zamboanga city in the southern philippines. they took around 200 civilians hostage and demanded to hoist their flag at the center of the city. thousands of government troops
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surged in. in the fighting that followed, 200 people died, thousands more were displaced. for weeks government forces battled hard to redeem control of this neighborhood. this is where the fighters were holed up together with several hostages. there is nothing left here now except the damage caused by war. this part of the city is now a ghost town. at least villages were used as a battleground. houses have been reduced to ashes. the lives of thousands of families here will never be the same again. armed conflict has plagued this region for decades. this is not the first time children have been dragged into the fighting. >> as far as these children are concerned this is at the very least cognizant of, you know, international laws barring the participation of children in armed conflict.
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>> reporter: negotiations with another break-away group the moro islamic liberation front raised hopes that it's attainable and the end to abuses in armed conflict was in sight, but the recent fighting in zamboanga shows the cycle of violence is proving to hard to break. al jazeera, zamboanga city, southern philippines. myanmar's president has promised his government will track down those behind attacks against muslims. religious unrest flared up again this week after three months of relative peace, but there's growing concern over the government's ability to bring it to an end. scott reports from bangkok. >> caller: the colors of myanmars religious tension out for all to see. it symbolizes revolution and it signals support for gangs that violently attack muslim communities this week. the flare-up left hundreds of homes in ashes, and many muslim
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families went into hiding. an argument between a muslim man and buddhist taxi driver sparked the violence on sunday that lasted for several days. a relative of the muslim man spoke to al jazeera. >> translator: now he we muslim have no rights in the country. >> reporter: that's something the outside world is paying attention to. can this government stop this buddhist movement that transformed into an anti-muslim the front. the attacks have spread over the last year. >> there's been a shift since october 2012, the past year, in which people are now being targeted far more on account of their religion than ethnicity. >> reporter: the president was in the region for three days this week. while he was there they continued the attacks. he said the unrest tarnished the image. >> there is a role for the
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international community to play in giving myanmar guidance in terms of the standards and norms expected of a democratic country. >> reporter: there's no indication yet what form international involvement would take, and if it could help in stopping the violence allowing these people to go back home. coming up in this news hour, stirring the hornet's nest. find out why why province in china is going to great lengths to get rid of wasps. egypt's rail network has come to a standstill affecting thousands of commuters. still ahead in sports, why colorado's nhl team are not very welcoming hosts. robin has that story and much more later on. first, tension is growing between al qaeda fighters and
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rebels. this follows fighting near the two sides in aleppo last week. we have more. >> reporter: this is the latest rallying cry among rebel groups in syria. they want the al qaeda-affiliated group to stop fighting against the other rebel factions. the latest such appeal came from the military consequence sill in homs. this is a free syrian army that unites all the rebel brigades in the tral province. they insist al qaeda fighters leave the area. in egypt six rebel groups asked al qaeda fighters to agree with a cease-fire and to withdraw from the area they took over in september. among the signatories in this
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coalition is al asham and another major group whose spokesman gave this statement to al jazeera. >> translator: the brig gud and the islamic state is present all over syria. no one should resort to force, because this would lead to more bloodshed to the people. they need to join the sha rear ra cause. >> reporter: over the last six months the group has steadily taken towns and villages near the turkish border. they're fighting the free syrian army, who had been in control of the region. among the most important of those towns are dana, and two others. it made less attainable goals. this is the first time a large
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number of groups has taken a united stance against al qaeda. in a practical step earlier in week, 43 independent islamic groups decided to join ranks and create the army of islam. however, all the calls for unity among the various groups have not amounted to an open declaration of war against al qaeda and syria. al qaeda fighters have fallen short of trying to occupy border crossings between syria, turkey and iraq. two sources of hope that several groups step back from the brink, stop mutual distraction and reunite against the assad army. at least 11 people have been killed in a plane crash in nigeria. the plane, carrying as many as 20 people, crashed shortly after take-off in lagos. nigeria's air traffic control said the engine failed and the plane hit the ground. the associated airline aircraft was on its way to the southwest.
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at least four survivors have been found. the west african nation of gambia has announced it's pulling out of the commonwealth. in a statement the government said it would never be a member of any neocolonial institution. it's not clear what triggered that decision. gambia has been criticized by the u.k. in the past for human rights abuses. the commonwealth includes britain and many former colonies. at least 17 are dead following a suicide car bombing in northwest pakistan. a taliban commander was the main target. the attack on the compound happened in the tribal region. a local government administration said he wasn't present at the time of the attack. we have more now from islamabad. >> translator: this particular attack took place in the area of orakazi near the afghan border where he's said to have had his
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compound. the compound is a large place that has his home as well as the office where all his fighters meet. apparently according to reports the place came under attack by gunfire, after which explosives rammed into the compound killing 17 people and wounding another 22. there were some unconfirmed reports that he was wounded in the attack, but the officials were quick to deny saying that he was not at that particular compound at the time of of the attack. the taliban in pakistan were also quick to take responsibility for this particular attack. chinese president jinping says he wants to strengthen ties with countries in southeast asia. he made the comments at a speech at indonesian parliament where for the first time ever a foreign leader has spoken. it's part of a three-day trip to indonesia.
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we have more from jakarta. >> reporter: the chinese president arrives to give an unprecedented speech to the indonesian parliament. relations have warmed after they had been frozen decades ago during the cold war. >> translator: a relationship between countries must be based on trust. china wants to have close friendship with other countries. we trust we will create optimum political relations and partnership between countries. in this world no country can move forward by itself. >> reporter: it was a historic moment and strong sign that indonesia and china are starting a new, stronger relationship, a bond between two asian economic powerhouses that can affect the whole region and beyond. in indonesia nearly 3 million people are of chinese descent, although many have been successful in business they were banned from politics for decades. the chinese president speaking in parliament is seen as a breakthrough.
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>> given the history that we have, particularly the chinese-indonesian here, they're very comfortable working with the chinese in china. i think it's just one of those moments in our lives that we have to work together, even though we have had the relationship that sort of like stopped a little bit in the '60s to the '90s. >> reporter: fast-growing china depending heavily on indonesia's resources, mostly coal, with 240 million people, indonesia is a major market for cheap chinese goods. many hope that the relationship will become even stronger. if it does, indonesia will rely more on china to meet its needs in infrastructure. the maritime sector and knowledge. al jazeera, jakarta. malaysia's lower house of parliament approved a controversial law change that allows authorities to hold people without a trial. the prime minister has defended
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the move as necessary to combat organized crime. he's assured malaysians they won't be victimized and that authorities will follow clear procedures. an increase in wasp attacks in northwest china has left at least 41 people dead since july, more than 1600 people have been injured. it's now so serious the government of the province has sent out an army of pest control officers to destroy hundreds the hornets' nests. we have more. >> reporter: he was working on a farm when he knocked a wasp nest out of a tree. he says he's lucky to be alive. >> translator: i didn't see the wasp hive. i was shaking the tree, and then the wasps flew at me surrounding me. i couldn't stand it. i used a basket to cover my head, and that's how i saved myself. >> reporter: three cities in the province have been plagued by wasps in the last three months. the rise in wasp numbers is due
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to milder winters and hotter, more humid summers. the main offender here is the asian giant hornet. it's a particularly large and aggressive type of wasp growing as long as 5 centimeters and wielding a stinger half a centimeter long. they don't lose that stinger when they attack, so while a strike by a single hornet can be nasty, the venom from multiple strings can cause renal failure and in some cases death. the wasp season runs through november, and the government isn't taking any chances. it sent pest control officers, police, and firefighters to destroy hundreds of hornet nests. the u.s. secretary of defense says engagement with iran is not a sign of weakness. chuck hagel made the comments days after president barack obama held a historic phone call with his iranian counterpart,
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hassan rouhani. hagel says he understands the concerns of the america's close ally, israel. >> engagement is not apiecement or surrender, it's not a negotiation. but i think we are wise, if the iranians have reached out, which they have, to in a very clear-eyed way -- and we are -- test their actions with their words. around 800,000 workers in the united states are staying at home for a third day because of a partial government shutdown. there's no sign yet that politicians will strike a deal over a disputed budget. andy gallagher went to meet some of those most affected by the shutdown. >> reporter: for wendy dwyer volunteering at the hour house shelter for the working homeless is a long-held ambition.
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>> you'll be on camera if you get in bed. >> reporter: she's one of the network of paid volunteers in a government-funded anti-poverty program that's now run out of cash. wendy's annual salary isn't much, and she's relying on friends and family to help her stay here. like many in her position, she's worried about what will happen if she's forced to leave. >> meals wouldn't be served and children would not have the same day-to-day contact if they do that gives them stability. you know, things could change for the worst for the people who are most at risk. >> reporter: homeless shelters across the u.s. rely heavily on funding from the federal government to keep the doors open. for now our house is solvent but will ferris serious problems the longer the shutdown goes on. >> this is hurting the least among us. this is hurting homeless families and their children who are not going to have a meal, who are not going to have a safe space for their children to be
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so that they can work their way out of homelessness. >> reporter: across little rock the effects are steadily felt, and for local government officials richard weiss the message for politicians in washington is simple. >> quit playing games and get back to work and do what your constitutional responsibilities are. pay attention to your oath of office and follow it. real simple. >> reporter: the fact that people here in little rock are frustrated won't come as a surprise. it's a feeling replicated across the entire country, but it's when you see the very real effects on those who depend on government programs to survive that you begin to understand that emotion. while politicians squabble, the needy and those that help them will soon begin to suffer, and for many that is simply unacceptable. andy gallagher, al jazeera, little rock, arkansas. it's time for the weather. everson is with us. what's the latest on the typhoon that's heading towards eastern china? >> well, it's toying with us a
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little bit for want of a better phrase. you see the position of the storm for a moment. it was a typhoon briefly and now lost a little intensity. it's a tropical storm once again, and it has sustained winds around 110 kilometers per hour. it will nudge up to 120 in the next hour or so. it will restent know. there's gusts around 140 and strong enough to cause damage and lots and lots of rainfall as it goes further northwestward still somewhere to the south of shanghai sometime around late sunday going on into monday. ahead of that into that northeast corner of china we're looking at largely dry weather. not looking bad. this line of clouds across towards shanghai and joins us up with this area. that is going to be the outer bands of our storm over the next couple of days.
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we go on through friday, and bright and dry there for much of fry. japan not doing too bad. that's the case for the korean peninsula. as it goes up towards shanghai on saturday, we will see increasing amounts of rain, some very heavy rainfall and flooding is certainly a possibility into that eastern side of japan as we go on through saturday. to the south much of china looks good for the time being. increasing clouds spill into the far east of taiwan. as we go into parts of taiwan, they could see wetter weather as a typhoon makes it up northward towards shanghai. ahead of that rain, it's fine and dry. hong kong is looking good at 30 degrees. >> thank you. for seven weeks egypt's national rail network has been at a standstill. that's forced hundreds of thousands of commuters onto already clogged roads and stalled any hope of an economic
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recovery. in cairo our correspondent has this report. >> reporter: a rare break in cairo's notorious traffic. >> translator: the pressure began after they stopped the trains. a journey that took one and a half hours can take five to seven hours. it's chaos. i used to make four round-trips a day. now it's one or two maximum. >> reporter: this is why. the interim government suspended the railways on august 14th, the day of the crackdown at sit-ins in cairo. the aim was to stop protesters from traveling to the capital. the shutdown has cost the railway authority around $27 million, according to its chairman. passengers have been forced onto the roads and into overcrowded mini buses. >> translator: a rail ticket used to cost about 70 cents. now it's more than $2 for the bus. this puts pressure on passengers. we're the ones that are suffering.
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>> translator: they should bring back the trains. what is the government afraid of? people want to travel to cairo, they will come by any means. >> reporter: for now the interim government is putting security concerns ahead of the crumbling economy. a few local rail services have now resumed, but there's no indication when the national network will start again, meaning more long and uncomfortable journeys for egypt's commuters. al jazeera, cairo. it's been just over a week since the westgate mall attack in kenya which left 67 people dead. many of those victims were of indian origin. we visit the area which has long had ties with east africa where locals an ocean away are still feeling the effects of the tragedy. >> reporter: these were beloved members of the extended family, and he often spoke to them on the phone. it was another call he received
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on september 21st he's still trying to cope with. >> translator: my older brother said they were finished. i asked how it happened. he wouldn't say. >> reporter: the two women were shopping at nairobi's westgate mall when it was attacked by al shabaab fwunmen. the women's families got out alive, but they didn't. he used to nairobi himself but came back in 2000 because he said it was too violent, but he never expected anything like this. >> translator: in the 18 years i was there, i never heard of such a brutal attack. it shouldn't be like that. >> reporter: he's a business leader in india. he believes trade between india and kenya will suffer. >> there will be a slowdown as the people are not willing to do for many reasons. people that are traveling regularly to kenya are afraid of going to kenya. >> reporter: ghandi is probably
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the most famous to travel to south africa during migrations encouraged by the british during colonial rule. it's east africa that has strong historic links with this part of india. this political scientist says despite the attacks, the relationship with kenya will endure, especially because of its recent history in the region. >> indians have settled there, and they will contribute in the development, progress and freedom struggle of this country. >> reporter: but he isn't so certain. he says many in india are having second thoughts about going to kenyas, and some there are considering returning home. something his own family in nairobi now sees as an option. still ahead for you, living with hiv/aids. a rare success story of one nigerian woman inspiring others
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to overcome the stigma. plus, 20 years after the u.s. military suffered a humiliating failure in somalia, what lessons has it learned in the foreign policy? details are next. ç]
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welcome back. here's a recap of our top stories. at least 94 people have drowned after a boat sank off the southern italian island of lampedusa. it was carrying hundreds of migrants trying to reach europe from africa. at least 250 people are still missing.
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the philippines government says many of the separatist rebels captured after recent fighting are children. the moro national liberation front was involved in a standoff with the military for two weeks in the city of zamboanga. rebel fighters in syria have demanded al qaeda leave the homs area immediately. there's been growing tension between al qaeda and rebels from the free syrian army. last week fighting broke out between the two groups in a town near aleppo. now let's return to our top story on the death of those dozens of migrants off the ilant coast. the island of lampedusa is a popular route for migrants wants to reach europe from the northern african coast. 2013 saw 26,000 migrants attempted to reach the island. according to the u.n. around 500 people died at sea in 2012 trying to reach europe. thousands have died in recent years.
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most come from subsaharian africa. others come from egypt, syria and pakistan. judith sutherland is the acting deputy director for europe human rights watch in milan for us now. thank you for joining us on this news hour. how aware are these migrants when they are setting off of how dangerous the journey actually is? >> well, i think they're terribly aware of the dangers, and the fact that they do these crossings and risk their lives is a testament to the desperation they feel other because they're fleeing violence or conflict in their countries or because they seek a better life in europe for themselves and their families. >> and whose responsibility is it to ensure their safety? >> well, once they're at sea, it is the responsibility of all
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vessels at sea to respond to a boat in distress. it's a basic humanitarian precept and international law. what we've unfortunately seen is that the eu has tended to prioritize simply preventing boats from reaching the eu over saving lives, including by disincentivizing commercial private vessels from responding to boats in distress in a variety of ways. >> judith, we were showing our viewers there just how many migrants have attempted to reach the island in recent years, and you know, the scale of the problem is clearly huge. where do you see all this going? it looks like the number of people making these journeys is only on the increase. >> well, the fact of the matter is the numbers have fluctuated over the years. 2011 saw a very significant
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increase in arrivals by sea due to the conflict and upheaval in north africa. in 2012 the numbers were far, far lower, only between 10,000 to 15,000 crossed the met terrainian. this year it's anywhere between 25,000 and 30,000, in fact if not over 30,000, who have actually reached italy and malta by sea. i think that the -- there's no doubt that people will continue to risk their lives crossing the mediterranean and people smugglers will continue to engage in absolutely despicable practices to put lives in greater danger. what we need to see are concerted efforts by the european union and countries like italy and malta to do more to save people when at sea. there should be a presumption
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forre for rescue of all overcrowded boats even if there isn't a clear sign of distress. people shouldn't be pushed back to countries where they could face violence or persecution, and there should be no more squabbling between countries like italy and malta over where migrants schuck disembarked. squabbling tends to delay dis m disembark indication and increase the draum for people. >> that's judith sunderland there. thank you. let's go live now to cairo. in fact, it's just the latest pictures that we were getting from cairo. that's the eu foreign affairs chief. she's been on a visit to cairo. let's listen in and see what she's been saying. >> i've had a number of important meetings with the
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president, with the deputy prime minister, with the minister of defense. i've met with the grand amman and with the coptic pope and with the other parties. so a broad range of discussions, and i want to say in the beginning that it's very important for everyone to understand that i don't come here to interfere or to mediate. we are important partners together, the european union and egypt. we do a lot together. i met with the foreign minister, and our discussion was focused on the work that we're doing together in trying to support the removal of chemical weapons in syria, for example. all the work we've been doing together at the united nations last week. so this is an important relationship that we want to build upon.
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i was extremely interested in talking about the economic and political situation here in egypt. for the economy, the european union as you know is a strong partner and working with the government and the civil society with others to see how we can best help and support especially the most vulnerable in society. we do that everywhere that we possibly can, and it is very important that we recognize the ne need. in addition, of course, we focused, too, on the political situation here and the importance of egypt moving forward. i remember well the events of january 2011 and meeting so many people who told me of their aspirations for a democratic egypt. i believe those aspirations remain the same. so the importance of finding a
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way to continue on that journey is extremely important. i met with them to talk about the constitution and the work going on in framing the constitution. of course, in all our deliberations, the importance of inclusiveness to ensure that the political future of egypt belongs to the egyptian people. they are the decision-makers, and that they have the opportunity with elections in the near future to make their voices well and truly heard. it's been as always a great privilege to be in this country. i think it's my 14th visit. i look forward to my 15th visit. thank you. >> that was the eu's foreign policy chief, katherine ashton, speaking there on her latest visit to cairo. she said she met different groups including the freedom and justice party, which is the political wing of the muslim
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brotherhood. she said she the wasn't in egypt to interfere or mediate. she also talked about her meetings with the interim government, especially the foreign minister. she said she spoke to him particularly about syria's chemical weapons and concluded by saying that the relationship with egypt is one that's, quote, important and one that she wants to build on. >> that's great if you have three questions. the second man in command of greece's far right golden dawn party is appears in court on charges of belonging to a criminal group. earlier the party's leader was jailed pending his trial. he's accused of running a criminal organization and is one of several party members who have been arrested in recent days. the government crackdown came after a national outcry over the murder of an anti-fascist musician.
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the family of the singer michael jackson have lost thiz wrongful death case against aeg live. they blamed quarter up -- company for hiring a doctor that missed warnings about his health. the jury in the united states found the music company not guilty of negligence. riot police have clashed with protesters in mexico city during a demonstration marking the 45th anniversary of the student massacre. it marks the anniversary of the 1968 killings of student protesters in mexico city. it's 20 years since the u.s.'s failed military intervention in somalia captured in the hollywood film, of course, "blackhawk down." it left a scar on the american psyche and still affects u.s. attitudes on military intervention. we have more from washington and a warning to viewers that this story does contain some graphic
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images. >> reporter: it started as a mission to save lives in somalia. it ended in the worst firefight for the u.s. military since the vietnam war. 18 troops killed, some of their bodies dragged through the streets of mogadishu. the incident called blackhawk down haunted u.s. military and diplomatic policy ever since. >> reporter: the lesson that most people took away from the battle of mogadishu was that the american public was casualty-averse, and that you couldn't do a military operation that resulted in dead american service members. >> reporter: the troops were ambushed on october 3, 1993 while trying to capture the warlord. his fighters shot down two blackhawk helicopters and captured one of the pilots. americans were shocked. osama bin laden mocked u.s. soldiers calling them paper tigers. >> my fellow americans -- >> reporter: bill clinton called for a slow withdrawal from
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somalia as a show of u.s. power otherwise. >> all around the world aggressive thugs and terrorists will conclude that the best way to get us to change our policies is to kill our people. >> reporter: even so, mogadishu has haunted u.s. foreign policy for years. the clinton administration decided not to intervene in the slaughter in rwanda in 1994, and it took officials six years to agree to lead the nato air war on kosovo in 1999. the u.s. reluctant persists 20 years on with the obama administration now criticized for not responding to the syrian regime's chemical weapons attack on citizens. the president's response. >> the united states is chastised for meddling in the region, accused of having a manned in all manner of conspiracy. stalt the united states is blamed for failing to do enough to solve the region's problems. >> can the us recover the will to intervene on humanitarian
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grounds overseas, known as the responsibility to protect norm? >> it's more war wariness. it's not related to the casualties as it is a perception we're not good at this and get much bohning for the buck. >> it's a conundrum of the highest order. rosalynn jordan, al jazeera, washington. health workers in nigeria say their aggressive drive again hiv and aids has led to a huge reduction, so now they focus on pregnant women through testing, counseling and treatment. we report from the nigerian capital. >> reporter: she's a mother of two. in a few months she's expecting her third child. she just tested positive for hiv six years ago when she was progress with her first child and with determination she's overcome the stigma associated with the virus.
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she's one of more than 3 million nigerians living with hiv. she now leads a counseling group in this rural clinic when she went to get diagnosed, but she admits it's difficult for many other women. >> most eshlly they're afraid of . >> reporter: this is a success story that is inspiring a lot of people living with the virus, and health officials say this is what they want to encourage. this clinic has seen a steady rise in the number of people living with the virus who are accessing medication and support. the success of its counseling centers according to health officials has helped in cutting the risk of mothers transmitting the virus to their unborn children. this raises hope of overcoming stigma, one of the major obstacles if getting tested for
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hiv in nigeria. health officials say targeting pregnant woman is important to the aids-free generation campaign. it will involve the 6 million pregnant women here, out of whom 300,000 test positive each year. >> we're decentralized in activities from big towns to the rural communities, and they hope to use this health care system. so by extending the services, the interventions or prevention goes to those facilities. we can reach out to as many people as possible. >> reporter: out of 1.5 million who require antiviral drugs, only a third can access them. limited funds hinder progress in expanding testing, and unless support services like these are accessed by those who need them, the fight against hiv and aids in nigeria will be long and hard. al jazeera, nigeria. okay. still ahead for you, counting
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down on internet freedom and new reports of many not countries censoring the cyber world. protests outside the headquarters of world football's governing body. more from zurich and the rest of the sports next. ç]
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welcome back. there's a warning that internet is becoming less free. the new report from independent watchdog freedom house has set out increasing attempts to control and censor the internet in many countries around the
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world. here are the key findings. the report said china led the way in expanding internet censorship and it's deteriorating in vietnam where the government has introduced censorship. myanmar is described as having taken significant steps to ease censorship. madeline is an asian media and internet freedom expert, and she joins us life now from washington, d.c. madeline, first of all, just describe to us a little bit about how these governments, what tools they use to control the internet. >> absolutely. the freedom on the net report found that there are ten main ways that governments are cracking down on the internet, and the most severe we've seen this year are new laws like vietnam's 372, which increased the probability that people will be arrested for what they do online. and again, china and vietnam are
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some of the worst in this respect in the world. >> how do you think that people should deal with this problem? is it a problem that should be dealt with by lodge lating with different states, or should there be a global treaty? >> i think it depends very much on which aspect they're trying to fight. for example, there are countries like the philippines where a very active civil party movement filed 15 petitions with the supreme court to restrict a law that was passed last year that would potentially have introduced some very troubling controls in that sphere. so there's some movements like that that can be extremely helpful. other authoritarian regimes don't like that, so it's important that international companies that operate in these regions don't comply.
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>> is there also some merit, you could say, sometimes in restricting the internet? there have been incidents in the past where youtube has been criticized for not taking down a particular video that was inciteful, for example. >> hate speech is certainly something to restrict under international law, and it's troubling to see myanmar and other countries particularly in south asia having significant unrest on muslims and orion line videos or posts. what's trouble is that the th then -- in regards to this hate speech, they don't find ways to objectively -- >> that's madeline earp there. thank you so much for your time. time for the sports. here's robin. >> thank you so much. the man that led london's successful olympic games has rejected criticism of the
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decision to award the word cup to qatar as they discuss issues. sebastian coe says all parts of the world should be given the opportunity to hold major events. we report from doha. >> the 2022 fifa world cup is qatar. >> reporter: it was three years ago when qatar was awarded the rights to host the world cup, but almost immediately questions were asked about how a country where temperatures exceed 40 degrees celsius could handle a football tournament in the summer. sebastian coe is an expert in organizing big sporting events, lond london's 2012 olympic chief says issues like the climate shouldn't stop countries like qatar to host world cups or olympics. >> we can't sit here over the next 20 years and say only a relatively few handful of countries are in a position to host great sporting events.
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we should also recognize that in building that global capacity, we are going to confront challenges. sometimes they're cry mattic and sometimes they're political and cultural and social. >> reporter: from the outset the organizes of qatar 2022 have said that they would have the technology in place to deal with the heat. carbon neutral air-cooled stadiums were a centerpiece of the bid to fifa but that technology doesn't come cheap. the gulf state powered by natural gas wells certainly didn't hold bought when it coming to flashing the cash. it's estimated it will cost qatar $220 billion. of that 140 billion will be spent on transport infrastructure, new roads and new airports and a brand-new rail and metro system. 4 billion is set aside to help build nine brand-new stadiums including upgrading three existing ones. also $17 billion will be spent
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on increasing the amount of accommodations. qatar 2022 promises they'll have 90,000 hotel rooms in qatar by the time the tournament gets under way. it's estimated qatar will have to employ nearly a million migrant workers to help complete these massive construction projects. although the world cup venues have yet to be build, the general working conditions of these mainly south asian workers have been called into question. in response to the criticism, qatar 2022 released a statement saying -- >> nine years away from kick offand still plenty of challenge to come overcome. the qatar 2022 organizers insist qatar is ready for the world cup whenever it is held.
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al jazeera, doha. the two-day meeting to discuss those issues began in zurich a few hours ago, but has been overshadowed by protests from a swiss workers union. several dozen members of the movement have been outside the fifa headquarters protesting against the alleged mistreatment of migrant workers in qatar. lee wellings has more from the meeting in switzerland. >> reporter: there are 27 items on the agenda for this fifa executive committee meeting in zurich, and there's no doubt about which subtle is tom nat - dominating. this protest just formed and it's about qatar and fifa and the subject of workers rights in qatar. this will be addressed by fifa. it's item 25 and it's taken seriously that fifa wants to do something to make change. the qatar committee is reassuring people of the health and safety of the workers is of the utmost priority.
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they hope to take that forward in a positive manner after what has been a very, very damaging story that has emerged over the last few days and is an important part of the meeting. the other subtle -- subject is the switch from summer to winter. a winter world cup and then a consultation period. there is resistance. you uefa president says you can't have it before the consultation period. there's lots of argument and politics. it's clear that's the tom nant factor over the two days of this meeting. >> lee wellings at fifa headquarters in zurich. more from al jazeera and on his website including ms. blog about the qatar 2022 debate and what's likely to happen at the fifa meetings. to the club game now where
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holders in munich humbled manchester city. there was a 3-1 away win. england's joe hart had a goal. he let frank put it ahead in the seventh minute. they finished with ten men. >> we were in second place. it was terrible. we have to improve that. in general i'm so happy that it's not the end and not the final of the champions league. it's just the second game of our rounds. >> manchester united were forced to share the points. united was ahead in the first half,.the ukrainians leveled in the 75th minute for a 1-1 draw. they scored two goals in real madrid, and psg won over
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benfica. the detroit red wings opened the season with a 2-1 victory over the buffalo sabres. the head coach of the colorado avalanche beat the anaheim ducks 6-1. it was overshadowed from this fight in the game and himself getting involved in an altercation with his opposite number. the colorado boss received a one-game misconduct penalty. that means he won't be allowed near the players' bench in the next one. cooler heads prevailed in philadelphia where the flyers 3-2. kessel also found the back of the net in the victory over the toronto maple leafs. the tampa bay rays had headed for the mlb players. they were 4-0 winners against
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the cleveland indians in the american league wildcard playoff. this am cost a couple of days after they won the tiebreaker to reach the postseason. as you can well imagine, plenty of celebrations there. the rays now face the boston red sox in the division seed as game one starts on friday. >> i'm so proud of our guys. you had to be in the dugout to see it. they were fine. our guys were fine from the very first pitch. there was nothing going on except focus, and let's go. there was a lot of of life, man. it was outstanding to watch as a manager to see your guys react like that, you have to be proud. in golf the president's cup starts in the next few hours. the united states are taking on an international team, the 12-man u.s. line-up including seven of the world's top 11 players as they attempt to win the event for a fifth straight time. that's your sports. thank you for watches. thank you. do stay with us here on al jazeera. another full bulletin of news is straight ahead in a couple of
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minutes. buy for now. bye for now. come, it is here. >> yes, let the games begin. he is fighting for his baseball life and some $46 million. a-rod and all of his attorneys were there fighting his 211-game suspension. the
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hearing is expected to last less than five days, after that the group will decide to uphold, reduce, or overturn the suspension. if the suspension is upheld, rodriguez would lose some $32 million in salary, and he wouldn't be back on the field until he is 40 years old. the big story tonight, people, the rays will be taking on the rangers in a tiebreaker in arlington, so we decided to bring in our mlb columnist rob parker. the government shuts down and al jazeera america covers all of it. from washinton politics, to the real impact on you... >> there's harworking people that want to do their part.. but the government isn't doing theirs... >> coverage continues on al jazeera america.
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this is al jazeera america live from noshgdz new york city. we have a look at the top stories. the government is now in day three of a partial shutdown. talks between president obama and congressional leaders at the white house ended in a stalemate last night. the nation is edging closer to the october 17th debt ceiling deadline. a search for survivors is under way after a boat full of people caught fire and capsized off the coast of italy leaving as many as 92 dead. the boat was carrying african migrants, and officials say today's accident may have been involved human trafficking. secretary of state john kerry opened the door for diplomacy with north korea saying the u.s. is open to


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