hello. welcome to the news hour in doha. these are the top stories. left to drown. pictures emerge of the rescue of hundreds of syrian refugees off the coast of malta. battling the elements. fire crews in australia face dangerously high temperatures and strong winds. meet the young recruits in afghanistan's first ever army officer training academy. and lighter, thinner, and more powerful. the latest weapon unveiled in the battle between the global
tech giants. footage has emerged of hundreds of syrians refugees rescued off the maltese coast after their boat was shot at and sunk. it happened earlier in month, but the video's only just been released by the maltese coast guard. the refugees say they were left to drown 160 kilometers from the show. survivors say they were attacked by libyan traffickers after an argument about payment. it's feared more than 200 people may have drown. for more on this let's join carl in the maltese capital. these refugees allege that their boat was deliberately shot at and sunk? >> reporter: yes, adrian. this is one of the many dramatic stories we hear from many survivors who managed to make it to shore after being rescued
about by the maltese and italian navy. thousands have reached the island, and many recall and tell the stories of being attacked at sea by who define themselves to be the coast guard in libya. all rebel forces. they are all acts of piracy, many of whom are members of organized crime in libya who tend to take every single bit of money the migrants may have as they try to reach european shores. therefore, this is not an isolated incident, but for the first time it's on film. this boat hag allegedly attacked by gunmen at sea. they sunk the boat and left the people to drown. if it was not for the maltese navy, many more lives would have been lost. in this case 200 people have lost their lives, including women and children. >> european leaders meet in brussels, and the top of their
agenda will be migration. we hear a lot about how italian authorities are coping with migrants in places like lampedusa and sicily. how is malta coping with the number of people that come to its shores? how many of them do? >> reporter: well, malta has now taken the lead to open the debate in europe with regards to the emergency in the mediterranean with regards to illegal migration or migration flows as they are now knowing that there are hundreds of thousands of refugees coming from war-torn countries, namely syria and also the sub saharan countries. and these countries in the mediterranean basin are faced with a surge in arrivals, and they need to cope with that in the patrolling and also house and lodge them and also give them money to survive over here. so the maltese prime minister has made it clear he will attend
the meeting in brussels with annend to the extent that last night the foreign minister has been in a teleconference with the 27 other european foreign ministers in which he insisted and i quote on the shared responsibility of all european states. last night the same foreign minister presented a document to the european council, which is the table where all 28 heads of government from the european union discuss the issues. this will happen on thursday and friday. the prime minister's made it clear. i will not move from there unless i get or understand that there is a clear political commitment from all the european states that there is a end to the crisis with a burden-sharing policy. it was understood when migrants arrive in maltese, all the other member states take a proportion of those to share it. the statement says it's high
time the european union fighting human trafficking, and this is the problem aiding the sufrj in migrants reaching italy and malta. >> many thanks indeed, carl. bush fires that have been raging in southeastern australia appear to be easing. the authorities say there's still a real danger to property and people. a number of them have been burning around sydney, thousands of people were told to leave their homes as firefighters worked to bring them under control. al jazeera's andrew thomas is in the blue mountains west of sydney. here's his report. >> reporter: john cameron wasn't taking any chances. he was packed, and if necessary, prepared to flee. >> we will leave when we're told to. when we think it's appropriate. okay? >> reporter: everything is ready to go? >> everything is ready to go. >> reporter: down the road, a neighbor was putting up signs for firemen before she left. don't forget the animals. watch out for the fuel.
karen had seen fire before, and she wasn't leaving yet. >> if i see flames coming up through the bush there, i'd be out of here, but we've had a lot of smoky days up here. i'm quite at ease, but, you know, if the wind changes, i think i will leave. >> reporter: it was the wiped causing the most concern. gusts of up to 100 kilometers an hour can spread flames fast. all some dumping helicopters were working, others had to be grounded. nevertheless, the early message was things weren't as bad as feared. >> it's cautious optimism. it hasn't been as bad this morning. it's moving constantly. >> reporter: one flare-up was up mountain york where a monument commemorates the first road across the blue mountains. firefighters were watching. the day was young, and resources
needed to be preserved. you can see how the wind is pouring this smoke across the hilltops, but it's also spreading embers and they are starting new fires. most of those aren't of great concern. the firefighters watch them to make sure they don't get any bigger. where they are a threat, they want to get on top of them. they don't want to waste the water. >> in springwood the closest town flying embers meant authorities urged residents to get out. north of sydney an entire new fire broke out near newcastle. by mid-afternoon the huge fires hadn't got much bigger nor reached homes and the worst predictions of the fire chief hadn't materialized. andrew thomas, al jazeera, in the blue mountains west of sydney. leaders from india and china signed a defense cooperation pact.
>> this is quite significant. i mean, they have had previous agreements on trying to find a way to understand each other along that territory, but it hasn't really worked out. in fact, back in april there was a three-week standoff between the two armies, the indians accusing the chinese of having trespassed onto their territory of the disputed area. what they hope to accomplish here now is basically work more closely together in terms of timing their patrols so it lessens the risk of any possible confrontation. they're saying that this more peaceful stand they're now taking on the board irissue will strengthen further trade cooperations between the two giants, which is really at the end of the day what they're after. >> in recent years the two
neighbors had emerged as global powers, but as we report from new delhi, territorial disputes among other things have plagued their relationship. >> reporter: stocking up on all that sparkles. these colorful ornaments will adorn homes and businesses across india during the upcoming festival season. they look and feel authentically indian, but most are made in china. >> it increased many fold like 60% to 70% is from china. >> reporter: from decorations to clothes, the made in china label features prominently in india's retail landscape. the balance of trade between the neighbors is heavily skewed in china's favor. analysts say the significance of this relationship lies not in the individual trading capacity of both countries but their collective global influence. >> these are the most populated
economies over the next 20, 25 years. it's a substantial part of the global population, and they're going to grow quite fast because they're still relatively less affluent. both of these factors, i think, will dominate the long-term integration. >> reporter: traders use it to gauge the strength of the indian/china relationship. the challenges this eastern partnership faces goes well beyond trade deficits, from reciprocal visa regulations to tibet, new delhi and beijing have long struggled to agree on delicate of regional and global importance. last year india described the arrival of chinese troops in this remote part of its territory as an incursion. china argued it was rightfully reclaiming what it already owns. leaders from both countries have now agreed to deal with territorial disputes. >> we have agreed that peace and
tranquility on our borders must remain the foundation for growth in the india/china relationship. >> translator: we are two old civilization. our two people have the wisdoms and the two governments have the ability to manage our differences along our border so they will not affect the overall interest of our bilateral relationship. >> reporter: during the annual festival season, indians pray for peace and prosperity. wrapped in politics and official symbolism, that's the message of the indian prime minister he's trying to convey to his chinese counterpart. a political scandal involving south korea's spy agency has deepened with the defeated candidate in last year election calling on the president to intervene. they say the alleged election meddling by the national intelligence service has been subject to political interference.
president park denies any wrongdoing by the agency. harry fossett reports from seoul. >> this has dominated the headlines for many weeks. it runs back to the presidential election in december 2012. in the runoff the appear position accused the spy agency here of interfering in the election and stepping outside its constitutional limits. in so doing, smearing the candidate and praising the eventual winner, park. they were cleared at the time, but in june this year we had the indictment both of the then head of the national intelligence service and the police chief that it the investigation that cleared him. since then, we've had a long-running investigation led by prosecutors subject to all kinds of political infighting and accusations, bias and influence on both sides. until we goat situation we have
in the last few days where a senior prosecutor arrested three service agents last week was dismissed for so doing, allegedly because he didn't follow proper procedure. this week he said in fact he brought his plans to his supervisor. his supervisor said that would have given the opposition assistance, and therefore, there was political bias both in the investigation and in his dismissal. his supervisor has now said, fine, investigate me, then, and clear me of any political wrongdoing. in the meantime we have real political paralysis. they walked in for an audit of government departments, and the president is struggling to get main policies through the national assembly. opposition groups in cambodia are gathering for a mass rally over the disputed results in july. that poll extended his term, and he's been in power for nearly 30 years. >> reporter: the latest episode
in cambodia's ongoing political saga. thousands of supporters of the main opposition party turning out for what's billed as three days of protests here in the capital. they're coming here demanding an overturn of the election of three months ago claiming widespread electoral fraud. they're going to hear from their leader, who has just returned from an international lobbying mission try to drum up support for their cause in europe and north america. they're going to deliver a petition to the united nations and also to the heads of government through the embassies here trying to put as pressure as possible on the party here and the prime minister, hun scattered seven are having none of it. they won. they've been signed into power by the decree of the country's king. it cannot be, he says,
overturned. so the deadlock here continues. all eyes are now on the numbers. thousands of people have been coming in from the provinces for this rally, and the authorities here have been putting restrictions on just the numbers of people that can take place. only 10,000 people can apparently take part in the rally in the square where we are. people are still arriving. apparently people cannot stay overnight, but there's little sign people will move from here tonight. there's a restriction on the number of people that can march. only 1,000 people apparently in the streets, and yet, it's difficult to see how the authorities here could stop more than that marching if they want to. so the deadlock continues and some of these protests have resulted in confrontation. so a lot of uncertainty as these three days of demonstrations get under way here. still to come here on "the news hour, request the "the world health organization says the drug-resistant tuberculosis
should be branded a public health crisis. the sunsets on golden dawn. the greek parliament cuts off funding to the controversial party. in sport, a night of surprises in the european champions league. we've have all the details for you a little later in the program. the united states says that drone strikes are lawful, and it denies targeting civilians in pakistan and yemen. amnesty international and human rights watch say innocent people have been killed, and that the illegal strikes should be investigated as possible war crimes. jz's alan fisher reports now from washington. >> reporter: this isn't the first time that the united states has been criticized for the drone program, but the administratiad admission firmly believes it protects americans. it says the drone program is
highly successful at targeting high members of al qaeda and the taliban. they also say that everything think do is sufrjt to scrutiny in congress and also within international law. >> i think it's important to note that by narrowly targeting our action against those who want to kill us and not the people they hide among, we're choosing the course of action least likely to result in the loss of innocent life. >> reporter: the fabricing stannies have complained for years the way the drone program is operated. when the pakistani prime minister meets barack obama in the white house on wednesday, you can be sure it will be close to the top of the agenda. of course, now sharif has been speaking in washington since tuesday, and he highlighted the position the way america continues to operate its drones. >> in my first statement to the parliament i had had a strong commitment to ending the drone attack. >> there's a possibility the
drone program will be discussed at the united nations on friday. you can be certain that the u.s. ambassador from the united states will echo what jay carney is saying. these drones can be fired from a long way away, and it doesn't put any american personnel at risk. suicide bombers and gunmen have killed more than 25 members of the security forces in western iraq. a number of police and army checkpoints were targeted in anbar province. there were also attacks rest of ramadi. more than 7,000 people have been estimated to be killed across the country so far this year. syria's opposition is resisting calls for international backers to commit to a new round of peace talks. during meetings in london, the syrian national koelgs laid out a number of demands they want met before they agree to take place. >> translator: if we say yes to the conference, people will cry
out downfall to the conference. our people have grown wary of false promises and empty words. in what right are you asking us to shoulder this huge responsibility? egypt's interim president is considering signing into law a plan to give police sweeping powers to ban protests and demonstrations. it's the latest move in what some say is a widespread crackdown on dissent. from cairo dominick cain reports. >> reporter: hundreds of protesters marched through ca o cairo's nasr city after friday prayers. being able to take to the streets like this is an essential part of the protests. >> translator: we cannot stay silent about what is happening. we will not accept military rule over us again. we need a legitimate government. >> reporter: since the revolution, protests is almost a daily event across egypt.
since the toppling the hosni mubarak successful governments have sought to regulate the daily demonstrations. there's been violence during many of the street protests. this draft law was first written during the morsi administration but is being pursued by this military-led government. international law experts say countries have to juggle their duty to protect their citizens alongside the rights of the individual to protest. >> international human rights law provides freedom of speech and freedom of assembly as basic, fundamental human rights. these are fundamental human rights, but international law also requires that states have a duty to protect their citizens, to protect the rights and lives and property. so it's those two sets of rights and duties that are being balanced here in any kind of law governing public demonstrations
>> reporter: maybes of the alliance say without spontaneous demonstrations their movement would suffer. the proposed law would give the government the power to change, cancel or postpone protests like this one. the protesters would also have to give the police 24 hours' written notice of their plans. that is a step too far for people like akmed. he helped to found a protest group under the old mubarak regime. he says the draft law attacks basic human rights. >> translator: it's important to have a law that regulates protests, but there needs to be a social dialogue about it. you cannot cancel the right of protest under the protest of fighting terrorism. >> reporter: and now many parties across the political spectrum seem to agree with that. the influential pro-government movement has indicated its opposition to the protest law.
the norr party is also campaigning against it. despite this political consensus against the proposed law, the current cabinet believes that it is necessary at a time when the security situation is uncertain. dominick cain, al jazeera, cairo. now, let's get a weather update, and with news of not one but two typhoons in the pacific, here's richard. >> thanks very much, adrian. yes, it's been the most active october in the western pacific since 1995. we are now seeing the fifth strong typhoon of october. this one is going to develop into what's already a sup supertyphoon. you can see the eye wall indicating its still developing with energy associated with it. the other one is a major one that will impact upon japan. this is francisco. as i run this sequence, we will see the tracks these two take.
the main one is francisco, which runs very close to honshu. the other one remains out in the pacific. we're not too concerned about this one. the difference is this one is feeding off warm waters and this one is over cooler waters. it sucked up all the warm water from the pacific, so it should weaken fast. the main concern from fran kiss seo remains the rainfall. certainly for the southern islands, thursday is just general rainfall but friday and into the weekend the southern portion of the japan could be looking at 300 millimeters of rain. there could be significant flooding here over the falling few days. adrian. the world health organization published a report calling for drug resistant tuberculosis to be declared a global public health crisis. the number of people with the potentially fatal illness is on the rise. more than 500,000 people around
the world have tuberculosis that can't be treated with normal drugs. nearly 60% of those cases are in india, china, and russia. it's also a growing problem across africa where many countries lack the funds to offer adequate treatment. in nigeria nearly 30,000 people died of the disease in 2011. we report now from the caduna state. >> reporter: these patients are being treated for multi-drug resistant tuberculosis, it's a form of airborne disease that can't be treated by the two drugs nosrmally used to cure it. they hope the world health organization's decision to declare the disease a global public health crisis will lead to a solution. s specially patients like this man who was taking normal anti-tb drugs for months. but the symptoms of the disease,
coughing, fever and tiredness didn't go away. then his doctor realized he was resistant to the treatment. he has to spend eight month in isolation and another 20 on medication. >> it has not been easy. we were confined to our place for months, away from your family, your friends, your social activities. you have to take drugs every day, including injections. >> reporter: drug-resistant tb is normally caused when tb is not diagnosed properly and not taking the normal drugs effectively. there are not enough hospitals to treat tuberculosis resistant to the drugs that are normally used to cure it. in this hospital there are only 20 beds for patients with more than 4,000 new cases discovered in nigeria every year. the government has opened three treatment centers in the last
year to try and combat the disease. >> there were many problems, but the level of the community is very, very low. a lot of people in the community are coughing, taking anti-tuberculosis drugs from chemists, patent medicine dealer. they take it without the support of the government or the health worker. >> reporter: but it's not enough. these people are tested for the disease, but they have to wait a week for the results, by which time they may have infected other people. when the technology to get diagnosed within 24 hours exists. the solution to eradicating drug-resistant tuberculosis is to diagnose and treatment tuberculosis fast, but it's a major challenge. only 36% of tb cases are dete detected in nigeria and only 60% of those are not being treated. al jazeera, zaria. we'll check on the headlines in a couple of minutes on
al jazeera. still to come here, running out of steam, the soaring cost of bankruptcy in the city of detroit. we're on the beach in spain, but it's no fun to those who are supposed to support their young family members for unemployment. trying it on for size. the vatican decides to get involved in cricket. we'll explain it all in sports in around 20 minutes.
rescue of hundreds of syrian refugees who say they were left to drown in the mediterranean earlier this month. survivors said their boat was shot at and sunk by libyan traffickers after an argument about payment. bush fires in eastern australia have eased, and firefighters say a major threat has been averted. the fire chiefs say they prevented more homes from being destroyed, and some owners are now being allowed to return. chinese and indian leaders have signed a cooperation pact aimed to ease tension along their disputed border in the himalayan mountains. now, lawyers for five suspects accusing the plotting the 9/11 attacks say their rights are being violated. they say their clients aren't allowed to speak openly about their alleged mistreatment in guantanamo bay. one of the defendants was reportedly subjected to waterboarding some 183 times. the u.s. city of detroit has filed for the largest municipal bankruptcy in united states
history, but in an irony of sorts, even declaring itself broke could cost the city hundreds of millions of dollars. al jazeera's john hendron reports. >> reporter: for the motor city first came the debt, and then came the bankruptcy, and then the bankruptcy bill. it's soaring like detroit's historic skyline. >> there's definitely a lot going. >> reporter: the city council deweyfully continues meeting. since the state of michigan took over the finances, it's a state-appointed emergency manager kevin orr who calls the shots. he's handed contracts to lawyers and bankruptcy experts worth more than $62 million and counting. only his office knows the real total. >> my question is, has it even exceeded $62 million? i don't have that answer. i should have that answer as an elected official. >> reporter: for this working class auto town facing the largest city bankruptcy in u.s. history, one thing's for sure. the price of paying the legal elite will rise. >> i was talking to a group of
attorneys, and i said, oh, you know, it's going to cost tens of millions of dollars and it's going to be a very expensive process. they laughed at me, and they said it won't be tens of millions of dollars, it will be hundreds of millions of dollars. >> reporter: those are just the legal fees. >> the more contentious the case is, the more they fight. amount of money lost in this case by way of written-off debt is in billions dollars. >> reporter: with $20 billion in debt and income around $1 bill, they're asking some creditors to accept 10 cents on the dollar. detroit is finding out that going broke expensive. this law firm against $15 million and the accounting firm ernst & young gets 8 million. they're paying the auction house christie's $200,000 at the detroit institute of art to find out what treasures like van gogh's self-portrait would fetch if sold. not affected is the new arena of the red wings hockey team.
bankruptcy costed added to the woes to take it from a met police of 2 million people down to 700,000 and homes to thousands of abandoned buildings and vacant lots and a serious case of the blues. john hendron, al jazeera, detroit. afghanistan's first officer training academy opens on wednesday. it will be used to educate the new generation of leaders of the afghan army as foreign forces leave the country. jennifer glass is at the academy in kabul. she joins us now live. jennifer. >> reporter: adrian, you join us inside a classroom here on thevy first day of the academy. these ka gets are learning basic math reading skills, one of the many things they'll learn. the major buildings are still under construction, but this classroom is where these cadets
will spend much of the next year. these men hope to be the leaders of afghanistan's young army. for now, they just have to get through the training. at this new army officer academy in kabul, the recruits are seen as the future of a sustainable military. >> translator: to make a strong army, it's clear we need educational institutions like this, which are the basis of building of the country. >> reporter: the afghan army has a high attrition rate. most of the regular soldiers are illiterate, and ethnic loyalties sometimes come before national ones. big challenges for any military officer. these future leaders were carefully chosen. 10,000 afghans competed for 270 slots in this first year at officer academy. they're about to start a 42-week course. instructors say the course is rigorous intellectually and physically, and some men won't make it. the recruits say they're ready.
>> translator: we will tighten our belts to serve our country, to accept sacrifice so we can rescue the children of this country from dark times. >> reporter: the academy is still under construction. eventually 1350 men and 150 women are expected to graduate every year with the help of international members from five nato nations. >> we expect to be here until 2023 or until they decide it's enough. >> reporter: it depends on the pending security agreement with the united states. that plan will be debated by a national gathering late next month. if it's rejected this academy and afghan's security forces could find themselves without international support at the end of 2014, years before planned. >> jennifer, thank you. nato's future in afghanistan may still be in question, but presumably the success of a training academy like this one is crucial to afghanistan's
future. >> reporter: that's right, adrian. this academy represents a whole new way of training for the afghan army. when these cadets graduate in about a year's time, they will go on to be platoon commanders. that puts officers at a lower level down on the ground of the afghan army, and the leaders here are hoping that those skills on the ground will help some of the problems the afghan army has had. there have been huge attrition rates both from casualties on the ground and also from decertificate -- desertions. this grows a new generation of leaders. 270 men in this class, a very competitive class from all over the country. they will have a very rigorous year not only here in the classroom but out training in the field to learn vars skills. that is hoped to help this new afghan army just grow very, very quickly in the last few years. 180,000 really just coming into the field in the last couple of years.
these officers will help that army grow and to help afghanistan stand on its own feet in the years to come. >> jennifer, many thanks, reporting live there from kabul. the vatican has ordered germany's so-called luxury bishop to leave his diocese for an unspecified period. he's dubbed the bishop of bling was called to rome last week after a scandal broke out over his expensive lifestyle. he was criticized for living in a $42 million residence and flying first class to india to visit the poor. in romania three men pled guilty to steal masterpieces from a gallery in the netherlands. they took several paintings last year. the works haven't yet been found, and police suspect that they may have been burned. greece's parliament has voted to suspend safety funding for the far right golden dawn
party. it follows prosecution of the party leader, nikolaos mihaloliakos, and five other golden dawn mps for allegedly running a criminal organization. go golden dawn has promised to fight on. >> reporter: the government lost no time cashing in on the popularity of the resolution. it says parliament may suspend public funding to parties if their leaders are indicted for organized crime for terrorism. but the government piled on 32 riders including a stamp of approval for its controversial closure of public television last june. mistrust of goaden dawn united leftists, socialists and conservatives behind it all, but there was also criticism that the government didn't seek greater transparency and acco t accountability for how all party spend their money. >> it's absurd for taxpayers to support a party the justice says is engaged this drill acts.
that's happening now in golden dawn. this prosecution has been long overdue and has been tolerated for years. >> reporter: golden dawn's leader and another five mps are accused of running a criminal organization that ordered killings and beatings mostly of migrants over the last two years. the prosecution got under way when a man claiming to be a golden dawn supporter murdered a greek musician last month. the ruling will deprive golden dawn of more than half a million dollars this year and four times as much next year. it's designed to starve a political force that government and opposition see as a threat to democracy. one of the indicted mps and the party's candidate to be mayor of athens next year predicts that it will fail. >> translator: we can keep going because we haven't spent all the money we received from the state. parties get a lot of money. we were quite shocked when we saw how much is spent on parliamentary parties. a year ago we proposed a bill to
scrap state financing, but we were told it's unconstitutional. they're doing it now anyway to put a lid on golden dawn's activity. >> reporter: golden dawn is trying to turn this ruling against it's creators. greek parties are allowed to accept private toe nations, but the lion's share comes from state revenues. the law allows thoem to claim just under 14% of the public's income. this year they got $95 million and golden dawn's share it's over 2 million. the party says it's too much in the economic climate. they want the funding reduced by 80%. a drop in party funding is the last thing that the socialists and conservatives in government want. they owe banks $350 million and need to preserve their state financing. if golden dawn's gambit pays off, its punishment could become theirs as well. al jazeera, at thenz. spain continues to suffer from one of the highest unemployment rates in the europe union. many people have to rely on their parents and grandparents'
pensions to make ends meet, and the rising cost of living is making it even worse. rory reports now from the island of myorka. >> reporter: the autumn years of one's life is for relaxes, at least that's what many europeans hold dear and until recently felt was achievable, too. it hasn't quite worked out that way for miguel. the form er miner has had a touh life. now at 77 his pension is supporting him, his daughters and until he died recently, his son, too. >> translator: i help my two daughters and my son when he was alive. he lost his job and didn't have any unemployment benefit for two years. he was supported here at home by his two sisters and myself. also, my 23-year-old grandson is unemployed. i help him. >> reporter: miguel is certainly
not alone. in post-crisis spain where jobs are often poorly paid or have been lost altogether, the family member's state pension can become a vital lifeline. >> translator: in 2012, 26% of families survived on a state pension. with one in four families live on this. in 2006 it was 14%. >> reporter: spain's older generations may have run out of luck. despite the growing importance of pensions, it's likely tomorrow's elderly will be poorer than today's. the numbers are grim. 18% of spaniards are pensioners, and like in most european countries, the elderly population is growing, but pensions are not keeping pace with inflation. over the next two decades, pensioners could lose between 20% to 30% of their purchasing
power. state pensions haven't been slashed like other benefits, but the spanish governments cannot afford the system in its current state. >> translator: current pensioners are prifed -- privileged compared to future one. if society doesn't create jobs and young people don't work, income won't be generated for social security. this is leading to the increase in private pensions. >> reporter: most spaniards expect the pension age to be put off in the coming years so future pensioners may well be older, poorer and yet still the only source of money for millions of people. two rival protests are planned in tunisia. it's aimed to restart the democratic protest after it broke down in july. let's go live there to get the
report. >> reporter: we don't know how big those protests will be. i just came from the downtown area, and there are very few people out and about. i think both a lot of frustration now, because it's two years since we had an election in tunis, the first free and fair election where people voted for national constituents and assembly members. joining me in a member and a member of the opposition. we are expecting protests from both sides. still, a lot of frustration amongst ordinary tunisians. >> yes, that's correct. this frustration is because we've been asked to do a job in a year, and they're known as the party government. he's taking the constitution hostage until they lock all the apparatus of the state. people don't understand why we don't finish or job and we're
taking hostage. luckily we have the national dialogue that should hoechfully start today. should the prime minister decide to agree with the party and sign the road map, and accept the prime minister -- we expect him in a few hours to make the declaration. if he made it the right way, we could start the national dialogue, which should take no more than four weeks to get out of the situation. >> a lot would disagree with your comment about them taking the constitution hostage. they would say that actually it is the opposition that's been interfering with the protests of the government. that's why they haven't got things done and get a new constitution going. >> to be very blunt with you, we insisted to put in the current constitution our job stays for one year. they will refuse that based on the fact we don't have time to do the constitution. i think the issue has nothing to
do with the constitution. the issue is that he's locking all the apparatus from the states, the central government, the regional government, the local government, with its own people. if those people are competent, that's fine. the issue that these people had never worked in their life and taking serious position in the government, and that's a threat to the economy and threat to democracy as well. >> we've got a situation now where there's no constitution and we're nowhere closer to elections and people don't have jobs. they're very, very frustrated. do you think there could be a situation possibly similar to what happened in egypt, or do you think tunisia is very different very different? >> things will stay peaceful. we may see another revolution, but we will not see something where the police or the army put
aside an elected government. that's not our way of doing things. having said that, we do believe that all of us are not legitimate anymore, but the only way to move forward is the legitimacy of the consensus rather than the legitimacy of the elections. >> okay, thank you very much for joining us here in tunis. we'll keep an eye on the protests in downtown tunis. the talks are expected to begin later in the day. >> many thanks from tunis. the latest ipad made its debut as apple loses its gripe on market share. we have the details to win the war of tablet computers. the season-ending wta championship gets under way in istanbul, but can anyone stop serena williams from retaining her title? we'll that in a few moments.
[[voiceover]] every day, events sweep across our country. and with them, a storm of views. how can you fully understand the impact unless you've heard angles you hadn't considered? antonio mora brings you smart conversation that challenges the status quo with unexpected opinions and a fresh outlook. including yours. on august 20th, al jazeera america introduced a new voice in journalism. >> good evening everyone, welcome to al jazeera. >> usa today says: >> ...writes the columbia journalism review. and the daily beast says:
>> quality journalists once again on the air is a beautiful thing to behold. >> al jazeera america, there's more to it. hello again. apple has unveiled the latest weapon in the increasingly competitive battle for tablet supremacy. the ipad air is lighter, thinner, and more powerful. apple is trying to maintain its market dominance in the face of rifle devices as we rot. >> the previous ipad paid 1.4 pounds. the new ipad air weighs just 1 pound. >> reporter: lighter, slimmer and eight times faster than the original. apple lifts the lid on the latest tablet. the ipad air is marketed as the
lightest gadget of its kind and comes with free software that was previously for sale. revamped but not exactly reinvented, the device is the tech giant's attempt to regain traction. two years ago apple's ios operating system commanded nearly two-thirds of the tablet market share. google's android lagged behind with just 30%, but the i.t. research from gardner forecasts that by year's end android devices will take the lead with nearly half of the tablet market slightly edging over the ipad by 1 #%. and there are other players hoping to make a mark. hours before the ipad air launch, finnish filmmaker nokia unveiled the first mobile computer. the lumina 2520 uses microsoft windows phone software that powers surface tablet.
the operating system is still struggling with a lack of applications. >> i think certainly the u.s. market, apple will keep dominating the tablet market. they have all the apps, cloes to half a million apps on ipad now, which is way ahead of any other competitors. >> reporter: apple turned the computer industry on its head with the first ipad three years ago. today, tablet sales have surged to almost rival that of the pc. and in the tech war where expects balgs for buyers, it's innovation that tedetermines wh ends up on top. time for sports. here's jo. >> thank you very much. we start with the uefa champions league. they have beaten the current english league leaders arsenal. they put dartmouth ahead in the 16th minutes and got back to it just before the break. with less than ten minutes left, robert sealed the win ending
arsenal's 12-game unbeaten run in all competitions. final score 2-1. >> maybe the best attack in the whole game, and it was an attack with a brilliant cross and finish from him. so we -- for us we deserve to win this game, of course. if you watch this game and you can say maybe it has a better situations. but they played at home, and we didn't come here to dominate arsenal alone. we came here to get a rum. that's what we did. >> brazil made first champions league start since returning to ac milan, and he had a hand in the first goal against barcelona. messi equalized for the spanish champions, the 1-1 draw just ahead of milan. chelsea shares the lead in group e at the 3-0 victory.
fernando torres led the way with two goals in the 5th and 68th minute. chelsea now sit tight on six points after three matches. in arsenal's group napoli beat marsai so they have them all on 6 points. in group g madrid made it three wins from three. then it also won in that group, and then in group h sussex kept alive there with hopes of qualifying with a league. the champions league group continues on wednesday. they see real madrid hosting u meant advertise. gair ret bale who is has not featured much came on as a sub winning a late penalty that renaldo converted. bale could play, and renaldo feels people need to stop putting pressure on his new teammate. >> it's better to leave him
alone, don't make him pressure. do pressure to another player. leave him alone, but i'm sure 100% he'll do well for the club and help us a lot because he's a fantastic player and he always wants to learn. . this is the most mornt. >> munich prepares for their match. they want to keep their winning record intact at the up to of group d. they scored six goals in the two champion league encounters between csk moscow and manchester city. on to tennis now. serena williams opened her challenge for the wta championship with a win on tuesday. she faced angelle leak from the first round robin match. she won ten titles this year, her best shows yet. she beat the german in straight sets 6-3, 6-1. up next for him is her opponent.
over in the while group azarenka had a slightly tougher time. the italian forced a tiebreaker in the first set, but azarenka won it to take the set. she closed out of the second set. she faces jankovic next. the red sox open the world series this wednesday at fenway park. we have a look ahead. >> reporter: the boston red sox are into the world series for the third time in the last ten years. their opponents, the st. louis cardinals, are there for the fourth time in the last decade. both teams are looking for their third championship in that period. >> we're going up against a very complete team. we're still in our own process of getting familiar with them. they have very good young pitching and good pitching in general. you know, just what i've looked at so far, they're
well-balanced. >> reporter: the cardinals ace pitcher adam wainwright is the starter game one. the strong post season has helped st. louis with two wins. the cards will open up the world series in boston with the opportunity to practice at fenway and get used to a ballpark they rarely play in. >> looking forward to a good workday in fenway to get the guys used to the stadium and get one day closer to getting this thing going. >> reporter: the red sox will counter with left-handed pitcher jon lester, who put up two wins at the playoff. to counter lester's threat, st. louis is trying something new. their batters are preparing by practicing against their own pitchers, something rarely done in practice in baseball. >> yeah, it feels good to get out there and compete against pitchers. even though they're on our own team, but it's fun to take some series at-bats.
took eight to ten at-bats. i don't know what it was. it felt good. that's what i'm focusing on right now, good at-bats and having fun. >> the red sox and cardinals open up game one at fenway park in boston. on to cricket now. south africa bowled pakistan out for 99 in dubai. they ripped through the home side's batting line-up getting three wickets in 11 balls. he finished with his first 5-hole in cricket. they're 41-1 at tee. the catholic pope is turning his attention to cricket. the vatican announced on tuesday the formation of its very first cricket team. around 300 students and priests at the vatican already play cricket informally. the new team, st. peter's cricket club, will be drawn from the players. they plan to arrange games
against teams representing other faiths. >> our challenge is next year to hopefully play a match with the an jill can communion hopefully in london and then with other faiths as well. we do this not to challenge and play cricket but to built up a rapport of friendship among believers and nonbelievers. >> that is all the sports for now, adrian. >> fantastic. many thanks. now, as monty python would say for something completely different. the art of pumpkin carving has been taken to a new level in the united states. with halloween at the end of the month, famous faces are already appears on pumpkins in new york. these include u.s. first lady michelle obama and president barack obama. there's even one of albert einstein. the artist says that he's been working on his technique for more than 30 years. joe that is here with more news on al jazeera in a few moments, and i'll see you again.
>> the motor city running on empty. today, a federal judge will does in deciding if detroit will be allowed to move ahead with the largest municipal bankruptcy filing in u.s. history. >> i stayed in sparks middle school. can you please send police out here. there's a kid with a gun. >> new 911 calls are released, showing the chaos inside a nevada classroom after a student goes on a deadly school shooting spree. >> u.s. drone strikes coming under fire. two top human rights group say on going drone attacks in pakistan and yemen have killed innocent