in other news, france deploys more troops to the central african republic, a day after violence lead more than a hundred people dead. and a cash for work scheme is winning praise for helping in the cleanup after typhoon haiyan. ♪ so we begin with the death of nelson mandela. tributes are being paid and prayers today for the icon. the country's first black president died at his home on thursday at the age of 95. the president of south africa addressed the country to reveal further detiles of funeral arrangements. the south african government declared this sunday as a national day of prayer and reflection, and from december 11th, mandela's body will lie in
state at key government buildings in the capital of victoria. then on sunday december 15th, he'll be laid to rest in a private ceremony. >> this international icon was a symbol of reconciliation, unity, love, human rights and justice in our country and in the world. >> as soon as the news broke, mourners began to gather outs of nelson mandela's home in johannesberg. these are live pictures of people paying their respect. they have been lighting candles, they brought flowers. mandela died surrounded by his family after a long battle with a lung infection. let's take you live now. so the people in the area have
been expressing their grief singing protest songs and hymns and mourning by celebrating the life of nelson mandela. how would you describe the atmosphere there? >> reporter: it's a very [ inaudible ] it's early friday evening. those people who have gone to work are making their way home. the highways are jammed with traffic. the house behind me is nelson mandela's home. it's now a museum. the plan is to come here, celebrate his life. my colleague, tonia paige has this report. >> our nation has lost its greatest son. >> reporter: it was the news south africans had been dreading. the president made the announcement just before midnight. >> fellow south africans, our
beloved nelson mandela, the founding president of our democratic nation has departed. he passed on peacefully in the company of his family around 20:50 on the 5th of december, 2013. >> reporter: yet even in death, nelson mandela was uniting his people, young and old, people of all colors, ages and backgrounds gathered outside of his home to express their gratitude to a man who gave them everything they had, not through tears but in song. [ singing ]
>> we had a very good relationship. he was a strict employer but strict in the sense of much more strict on himself. he was always punctual. he had -- he had great ideas about meeting people and his biggest effort every day was he needed to meet the people of south africa and talk to them about the future and where we needed to go as a nation. >> reporter: on the street where nelson mandela lived during apartheid people gathered too. this held a special place in the iconic leader's heart. >> his selfless service, his defiance in terms of things he believed should be done, his unifying factor. he was such a remarkable man. >> mandela was great.
no two ways about it. he is the moses of our time. >> reporter: tributes honoring mandela fill the newspapers and today everyone is being prepared for, but it is still hard. this will be a day of song, celebration and reflection on south africans on their personal memories of mandela, their gratitude toward him and their hopes for the future. nelson mandela inspired millions of people to reconcile and forgive. in the coming days they will honor his memory and legacy as they begin to prepare to say good-bye. books of condolence have been opened at public buildings around south africa and in the country's embassies ash the world. the president gave details of the national mourning that will follow, the lying in state, and
of course, the funeral next sunday. south africa won't have seen a state occasion like it. >> reporter: exactly. and i think if you listen to songs on the street, the singing of celebration, the people going up and down, just general singing, people are saying this is something like they have never seen before in their lives, and the older people are saying this reminds them from 1990 because when he was released from prison, he came to this house, and the streets with see the man. and people are saying this is a similar mood. people are celebrating his life, and i think if as we build up towards the actual funeral, the plan is the people will line up the street wherever they are in south africa and people will
come out in numbers to show nelson mandela that we are the rainbow nation. so i think as from now until the 15th you'll see people from all walks of life coming out here. you'll see more of them singing and dancing. people generally doing everything they can to celebrate a man they call father. >> that funeral on the 15th, that's going to be a security and logistical nightmare with so many world leaders flying in for it, and also given the remoteness of mandela's home village. >> yes, it is. the eastern cape is one of the least developed provinces in the roads aren't that good. there has been a big effort to improve the road from the airport to his home village. but in terms of the general public they won't be allowed ar that area, so they will
have to watch from big screens or from their own homes. but it will be a logistical nightmare, you have leaders from all over the world coming to south africa wanting to say good-bye. also people want to be there with him to give him a final good-bye. i think it will be a logistical nightmare for security, of course, but i think south africans know it will be a fabulous day, and they will be there in their millions to say thank you so much for all you have done for south africa, the world, and thank you for teaching people no matter what someone does to you, it is possible to forgive and move forward. all right. let's take you live to kenya, ad katherine soy. what has been the action there?
>> adrian, there's been pouring out of condolences from thousands of people on social media and the television, newspapers. nelson mandela was very well loved and respected in this region. people are not just moaning nelson mandela, they are celebrating his illusus life. he had a special connection with east africa during apartheid he did his military training in uganda, and regional leaders have been sending their tributes. the president did send a televised present. nelson mandela was here in 1998, e visited, and this is part of what he had to say.
>> we will all miss a true president nelson mandela lived an extraordinary life in a very his legacy equips the story of now and tomorrow. south africa and indeed the whole world is witness of his goodwill. >> he has declared three days of ll be flying at half mast on gs those three days honoring a man everyone here is saying should be emulated by african leaders, especily when it comes to d.c. democracy. >> katherine many thanks.
there have been tributes pouring in from world leaders. here is what liberia's president had to say about mandela when she spoke to us a little earlier. >> his humility is something that i admired. opportunity to meet with him more than once. i have sat at his luncheon table and this was someone who -- all he could think of was how can we make a better life? make life easier for others? his experiences, his leadership, but he spent the time asking what is happening in your country? what can you do to make things better, to make your society a
better one? that kind of humility is very rare. it's -- it's hard to find that in people, and that's why he is so exceptional. >> as we said many world leaders have been responding to mandela's death. here are some of their thoughts. >> the day he was released from priso, gave me a sense of what human beings can do when they are guided by their hopes and not by their fears. ♪ >> [ inaudible ] in determination. we must [ inaudible ]. >> and we are not likely to see another of his kind for a long time to come. that we can change the world. we can change the world by changing attitudes, by changing perceptions. >> africa!
>> brother mandela will continue to be a source of strength. >> translator: he was a great leader who fought with strong will, and who made a big achievement focusing on national reconciliation. >> president mandalay bay lived an extrordanaire live in a very ordinary way. >> nelson mandela was a triumph for justice and a [ inaudible ] for inspiration. >> translator: it's a very shock for us. i compare him to a great tree under which everyone takes shelter. >> translator: nelson mandela was convinced that hatred and revenge cannot make a better place. >> one man with the [ inaudible ] stronger than all
armies. >> reporter: tonight one of the brightest lights of our world has gone out. ♪ well as we remember nelson mandela, we would love to hear from you. if you have got any pictures of yourself with him or any personal memories of him that you would like to share with us, please drop us a line at your media, at al jazeera.net. we'll share your stories and many others throughout the week. well the death of nelson mandela has overshadowed the opening of a summit in france. leaders from 40 african nations are meeting to discuss military intervention in the central african republic. let's take you live to the french capital. jackie roleland is with us. the death of nelson mandela has
somewhat overshadowed the rather urgent business that needs to be done there. >> it has indeed, although in some ways it is quite apt that someone who worked so tirelessly for peace and reconcion should overshadow a meeting which is devoted to promoting peace and security in africa. and indeed the opening session of the summit began with a moment of silence in respect for nelson mandela, and during which huge photographs of the leader were broadcast on screens behind the speakers on the podium. now about an hour before the summit began, i had the opportunity speak to someone who knew him personally, his minister of health under him when he was in government, and currently she is the chairperson of the african union commission. and she shared some personal
memories. >> he said to me, i want you to be minister of health. and i said oh, i thought i was going to stay in the province because my children are still too young, and -- and then he said to me, oh, okay, i'll consider that, and then later he called and said consider yourself as minister of health. and of course, i then thought, of course that was stupid of me. this man has spent 27 years of his life in jail without his children, and here is me. i can fly from cape town to see my children over weekends, so i thought let me put that aside. >> all right. we'll be back with jackie in just a moment. after we heard from the french
foreign minister. france has decided to double the amount of troops in the capitol. >> translator: we had thought that the troops would be deployed on sunday, but due to the violence which took place yesterday morning, the french president wisely decided that the operation should start immediately. reinforcements are already arriving. >> jackie france taking the lead on the situation in the central african republic. >> yes. the president spoke in a bit more detail in his opening remarks to the summit. and he talked about the need in the longer term to form an africa rapid reaction force that could be able to intervene in precisely this kind of situation. and he said france was ready to provide support, and financing. he said that france had the
capacity to train as many as 20,000 african solders per year, so they can take responsible for problems, issues that emerge on the african continent. obviously at the moment, though, security forces don't have those capacities, which is why france is doubling the number of forces that will be intervening. to give you an idea of how urgent that intervention is, here is a report by my colleague. >> reporter: an attack at the very heart of this rebel government. [ gunfire ] >> reporter: gunfire ex -- echos through the city. some say this was an attempted coup. the group responsible are mainly christian and loyal to the former president.
the target, the mainly muse limb security forces called selica. the streets of this once bustles city are almost deserted. those who venture out risk ending up like this. it's not clear how many people have died. in this mortuary we counted 25 in this mortuary we counted 25 bodies. she didn't want to give us her name. >> translator: i don't know what is happening in central african republic right now, if you go in you will see people on the ground like animals that have been slaughtered. with the state of the country, where can i go? >> reporter: this is where some of the injured have been brought. women are being treated. alongside government soldiers.
this woman asks god why has this happened? there are both christian and muslim victims in this conflict. muslims and christians used to live in this country peacefully, but the hatred and violence which has taken over here will be difficult for people to forget. the french are warning there could be genocide here. france will be sending in in more soldiers soon to back off a ed african union force. on the streets it is the rubble government which insists it is in control. >> translator: the enemy attacked us, and we routed them. we completely destroyed them. >> reporter: these selica fighters are now out for revenge. they will be searching for the anti-ballica militia who still
pose a threat. this is an endless cycle of fighting and killing, destroying this country. the leaders are now restreeting into a closed-door session where they will be talking in more detail about some of the issues that were mentioned in the opening remarks, mainly how to fight terrorism, a problem which is effecting countries across the continent, and also fighting trafficking, be it the trafficking of drugs, weapons or human beings, and the suck mitt is continuing here in paris on saturday. back to you. >> jacky thanks. the united states says that it doesn't recognize china's new islands in the east china sea. joe biden also warns that the country won't accept a nuclear
armed north korea. >> i was absolutely clear on behalf of my president, we do not recognize the zone. it will have no effect on american operations just ask my general. none. india's trade minister has approved a draft trade deal at the world trade organization. ministers have been meeting for the past three days in the indonesian island of balli, it would see all countries rich and poor following the same cross-border trade rules. more than half of india's population relies on food s subsidies to survive, but that could be jeopardized if the trade deal push through. >> reporter: it is a lifeline
for those living hand to mouth. ration shops like this help the poor buy the basics. without this help people like this would be unable to feed themselves or their family. he is a laborer and earns 81 usd a month. >> translator: we rely on food subsidy, if it's taken away, i will not be able to survive. i have four children and they are all studying. it costs a lot. >> reporter: it's families like this that the indian government has been talking about in bali. the food security act passed this year guarantees the right for as many as 600 million people. this is the indian's government's worry at the conference in indonesia. worried that a welfare program to give cheap food to 600
million people will contravene the rules that limit countries to 10% of production. >> can bebarter away a compromise when it comes to a fundamental right to food security? i would like to make this absolutely clear that we have not come here as petitioners to beg for a peace clause. >> reporter: four years ago when food subsidies were threatened farmers came to event their anger. back then the indian government stood firm against the developed world, but now the pressure is on india to cut the help they give to the farming industry. analysts estimate the subsidized program for up to 600 million people could cost the government $20 billion u.s. a year. friday may be the last day, but
the talking has continued through the night. while india stands firm, other governments are wondering what failure may mean for them in an already weak global economy. we're approaching the halfway mark on this news hour. still to come we'll speak to the man who spent years behind bars with nelson mandela. and in sport we'll be live in brazil where the country's world cup preparations continue.
[ technical difficulties ] >> sacrifice everything for what e considered to be the cause of the people -- of all of the oppressed people of the country. he had tremendous foresight not only for the people of south africa but for the world as well. he would put his personal concern at the back burner when he sees his first duty is for
his former prisoners. he had problems -- i mean he had family, there were detentions, bannings and all of that. he never allowed that to interfere with what he considered to be his responsibility towards us. >> reporter: one characterist of many that matures on this island. they set out to break him here, but what happened was quite the reverse. one important stage in the making of a remarkable man. andrew simmons, al jazeera, robin island. >> let's hear from the a man who was a student leader selecting signatures demanding the release of nelson mandela. when you became leader of the
opposition you became his your thoughts today on the passing of nelson mandela. >> well, obviously like much of the world i mourn his parting, but i celebrate his life. it was long lived and brilliantly well lived and we are very fortunate in south africa and the world that he shined his light upon us. he has the ability to reach across divisions of race and class. and across the political spectrum as well. in the 1980s i was very much involved in the student complains about releasing mandela, and i was very much on the liberal side as opposed to the radical side, and therefore,
i was a member of a very small liberal party, and of course came out as prison of as the leader of the african national congress, so we weren't on the same side politically, and we had some clashes, but those really were less [ inaudible ] in which mandela meant to unite the count and reach out to political opponents. obviously it was much easier for him to do it with respect to me and my party, than the political opponents that were close to him. because the party i lead became much larger after he left office. and his relationship with the other opposition leaders the freedom body and national body were probably more difficult. >> he described you a leader
who's capacity for analysis keeps everyone on their toes. you touched upon your relationship. what was the biggest challenge in dealing with him in politics? he was a formidable political operator, wasn't he? >> he absolus. i used to think [ inaudible ]. the answer is probably a bit of both because he knew his opponents weak spots and he knew how to seduce you to get the position he wanted.d if you sto had to at times he never seemed to regard that as a particular front, and the way he operated was to try and persuade people through the power of argument
rather than brutal politics or misusing his office, that he was on the right course. if you weren't persuaded that was fine as well. i always think of him as somebody who didn't really use his office as a club or a shield. he used it to try to unite the count and establish a democracy. he asked me to have breakfast and he said the oppositions hold up a mirror to the government and we might not always like the reflection, but that's what we need in a democracy. and he was pretty true to that. there were obviously some blind spots, if you treaded on certain ties of his organization, he was
none too happy about that. but i think in the main he lived up to the ideals that he set out for the country. >> yeah. of course he hasn't been politically active for many years now. political icon who will have left something of a void. what happens politically in south africa now? will mandela's death prompt perhaps a period of soul searching? of taking stalk of where things stand? >> i think that's right, look the rainbow nation which was archbishop tootoo's phrase is quite frayed now. and there's obviously a lot of corruption in south africa and there's a lot of exhaustion, i guess, because the governing party has been in party for
nearly 20 years. so mandela did have the great advantage of having a particularly gold moment in the country's history, and he was the conductor of great [ inaudible ] and that's often easier than navigating the more [ inaudible ] but sometimes more difficult daily happenings that need attention, and i think mandela was always a bit [ inaudible ] and the detail were left to others, and now that we lack that vision, we have a lot of the detail and small print coming up, and some of the stuff it's producing is not really very good for the country. so, and obviously we're in a much more difficult economic spot. so that is going to require renewal of leadership, although, strange enough i suspect that one of the people who will be most assisted in this period, actually is the president of
south africa, because in a sense he has a moment now -- he has had a lot of scandals and problems attaching to his leadership, to actually be the unifier, and in a sense that role could be filled by the president right now in south africa. >> tony leon, good to talk to you, sir. many thanks for your time. all right just ahead on the news hour where single women in the u.s. are doing better on the jobbing front than men. and before the world cup draw, we'll be asking if brazil's stadiums will be ready to host the games. ♪
♪ hello again in the philippines the recovery effort is still painfully slow. almost one month after typhoon haiyan hit. there is a big effort underway to get the local economy moving again. kamal has been seeing what has been happening in the area hardest hit. >> reporter: there's very, very left on the shoreline. this man knows that too well. he is a fisherman, or rather he was given that his boat now sits a couple of kilometers inland. >> translator: before i was earning about 300 pesos a day from the catch, but now i don't earn anything, because what i catch is what we eat.
because i don't have a boat. >> reporter: and the truth is his story is replicated thousands of times. the challenge after the emergency aid phase has been to get people working again. every street is an absolute mess and they need cleaning up, which means you have ready-made jobs, and this is why you have got upwards of 20,000 people lining up every morning for the work for cash scheme. it means they get a job, a little bit of money in their pocket, and they play a big role in the rescue of their own city. >> we give 500 pesos so even if they are cleaning their house, we pay them. our point is that every one are cleaning up, we can revief, and
hand, they are able to buy things. if you go to the markets, you can see there are a lot of things for sale immediately the economy has been revived. >> reporter: in fact pretty much everywhere you go, you uncover little success stories. sometimes it's just someone who owns a restaurant. a place gather at a tough time. >> i have to look for t the -- suppliers of our drinks, of our meat, vegetables, that kind of stuff. i thought to myself maybe we could just start offering one or two of our regular menu. >> reporter: and it's those small things that make a difference in a disaster zone, and the can do attitude that can triumph over diversity such as this. one of ukraine's protest leaders says he is ready for
talks to try to end the political protests. protesters have been on the streets now of the capitol for more than two weeks after their president refused to sign an association agreement with the eu. they want the government to resign. as the u.s. begins to recover from the recession, women it seems are faring better than men in the job market. they have made up all of the jobs that they lost and women are now less financially dependent upon men as tom akerman reports. >> reporter: mary got married at 16, left her husband at 19 and she has been living on her own ever since. wanda was married and divorced a few years later. neither regrets being single. >> i like to provide for myself. i'm not going to depend on a man. >> i don't think i would have stepped out as boldly and been
as successful had i still been married. that's kind of sad to say, but i think that's true. >> reporter: these women reflect two striking trends in in america's family profile. the marriage rate has fallen sharply. nearly half a century ago, 61% of the population were married by 2011 the rate was down to just 35%. divorce has become more common over the same period. from nine divorced women to 21 per thousand. marry and wanda also represent the economic disparities among women. >> they haven't been used in probably the past 30 or 40 years, and now they are going to be developed into affordable housing. >> wanda runs a successful, one person business, mary has just
gone back to work after kicking a long-time drug habit. >> it was hard especially for a person that was an addict, and just living a rough life my whole life. >> mary is among the four in ten women who's income falls below the economic security. for women like wanda that's not a big concern. >> i would have loved to have done this while i was married and have had a sense of security from that, but i don't feel insecure in what i'm doing. >> and neither sees a knew man in their future yet snft >> i'm not focused on that right now. i'm focused on a recovery in many my relationship with god first. >> reporter: tom akerman al jazeera, washington. time now for sport. here is andy richardson. >> the final draw for next
year's fifa world cup will be getting underway in brazil in the next hour now. th is how it is going to work, bear with me, it is every bit as complicated as it sounds. the teams have been separated into four parts. part two include chile and ecuador as well as five teams from africa. part three are made of teams from asia and south america and america and australia. each part is drawn one at a time to separate the sides into eight groups of four, but there can be
more than two european teams in one group. i'm just looking forward to it all being over. our reporter was at the venue for us. hello gabe. after years, there must be a real sense of excitement there now? >> reporter: well, andy, 188 days until the world cup kicks off here in brazil, but the mood here, you would think the first match would be tomorrow. there are international football stars here. all of the top officials from fifa and officials from all 32 teams that are represented here. as you lead on to, it's not really about 32 football teams, it's really about 32 nations. over 2,000 journalists here, over 1,500 invited guests, all waiting for the important final draw which should kick off in just the next few minutes, andy.
>> overhanging all of this stadium delay seems to be a running sore in the preparations. what sort of things have the officials been telling you in the last few days? >> well, all of the government officials are keeping a very positive mood about this. but there are still six stadiums that are not completed yet. we heard from seth yesterday, he said the sal pallo statement won't be delivered until april. i spoke to a man who said it might be a little sooner, but i asked him if he felt that brazil was receiving a lot of undue criticism in their preparations, and this is what he had to say. >> i think part of the criticism may be based on a prejudice, which is a prejudice against a developing country, thinking
that organizing sporting competitions is something for a rich man's club. only the richer countries have the capacity to organize this type of event. we strongly condemn that prejudice. >> gabe, quickly, what are brazil fans hoping to get out of this draw? >> a are hoping that this will set them up for the sixth world championship, there is a lot of pressure on brazil as you can imagine, but really there is even more so now because this is happening in their home country, and you can really feel the excitement but also the pressure. brazilians are going to be watching this draw very, very closely. >> alexander for us. we'll be back later.
the six stadiums under construction will not meet the original completion deadline. rachel has been to one of the affected stadiums. >> reporter: every minute counts for these construction workers who are racing to finish this football stadium in time for the world cup. just hours ahead of the finals draw on friday, it looks almost certain that this stadium won't be ready to be handed over to fifa by the end of the year. the retractible state-of-the-art roof has been postponed until after the games, and nearly 200 additional workers hired, but when i asked the architect in charge of the stadium if he's worried more delays could mean they might not host the matches.
>> translator: it's impossible. some details need finished but the expectation is we will be able to hand over in february. >> reporter: when the stadium is finally finished, it will hold 43,000 people. it also comes at double the original price which worries many people here. a tough realization for many who live here says this sports columnist who writes for the city's largest newspaper. >> translator: we have always projected that image of being a more modern city in brazil, this whole issue is making it clear that even here we have many organization problems. it's a slap in the face. >> reporter:er for some it's not
just a matter of pride, but also a matter of priorits. >> translator: they could be using that money to invest in health care, build hospitals, improve education or help the homeless. i think it's embarrassing. >> reporter: tens of thousands of tickets have already been sold and nearly half a million fans are expected to come to the games. finishing the stadium is not only crucial for the city, but the entire country. quick mention of the quicket. australia have taken control of the second test against england. the captain killing 148 centuries off of brad hatten. the aussies eventually declaring on 570 for 9. england in a lot of trouble in that match. >> andy many thanks. top stories and more reaction to the death of nelson mandela
the sun will rise tomorrow, the next day, and the next. it may not appear as bright as yesterday, but life will carry on. >> archbishop desmund tutu articulating the loss of nelson mandela. across the world, people are mourning the loss of the former south african president. near his home many are celebrating the life of the man. there will be public remembrances for mandela next week. the funeral is scheduled for december 15th. nick help